- jxj- -r- S jvt-li' "L
THE ST. LOUI S REPUBLIC
ST. LOUIS. MO., SATURDAY. MAECH 16. 1901.
In St. I.onl. One Cent.
Loala, Two Centa.
TINKER WILL NOT
RUN FOR MAYOR.
CARNEGIE OFFERS $1,000,000 TO
BUILD A PUBLIC LIBRARY IN ST. LOUIS.
'Announces Definitely That He Will
Support the Regular Demo
Easy Conditions Philanthro
pist Imposes Practically
Assure New Edifice.
THINKS THIS BEST FOR CITY.
HE URGES BRANCH SYSTEM.
Urges Those Who Supported Him
at the Primaries to Joiu
in Helping to Elect
Zach W. Tinker wilt not be an Indepenfient
candidate for Major.
After fully considering the matter, he de
cided yesterday to make a statement. In
which ho not only announces definitely his
determination not to become an Independ
ent candidate, but also announces. In lan
guage as strong as could bo employed, his
determination to support the entire Demo
In announcing his position, 'Mr. Tinker
laid estcrda :
"After careful consideration, I have concluded
lot to become an independent candidate for May
or. 1 feel that I and my friends were treated
badly at the primaries, and I think wc hac the
right to believe oureelvcs oKKrleted by what ha
occurred. If ordinary circumstances existed In
Et. Loula I should be ttrongly Inclined to become
an Independent candidate.
"But this Is a solemn and Important time for
St. Louis. The city Is about entering upon what
we all dcoutly pray will be an era of unexam
pled prosperity. We are going to Invite the best
people of the world to come here and be our
cucsts. and ve mut prepare a royal reception
for them. To do this the municipal house must
be anept and Garnished. Above all things, we
mut have a clean, pur. Independent and able
administration In charge of the affairs of th
city. The people of the city bae set their hearts
upon this now, and are bending their best en
ergies to lis accomplishment. Xo nnn has the
right to allow his own selnh Interests to in
tervene at such a moment. The spirit of reform
How the ConcloMoii Wan Reached.
"After lookirg cartfullv over the whole situa
tion. I am sure that the success of the city
In all that Is good will be best subserved by
the election of the Democratic ticket now before
the people". I make no attack upon the good
people of the city, no matter what their politics:
all others should be opposed by honest citizens,
who mut rule. IVe must hae reform in munici
pal affairs, and they must be first and foremost
with all of u-.
"I -see no way to accomplish tie result, ex
cept through the Democratic ticket recently nom
inated. I do not sec how I could help the best
Interests of the city by running as an Inde
pendent candidate. Moreover. In historic lan
guage. "I am a Democrat. and have always been
taught to look for the ben results through the
Democratic party. I live, always have lived, and
wish to continue to survive under the Demo
cratic flag, and to be sitl'fleil with it. If I were
to run as an Independent candidate. I could not
rid myself of the thought that I had attacked
th" principles under which I have grown up and
lived. The manner of my defeat for the mayor
alty nomination does not commend Itself to ma.
but. as a good Democrat, I must abjure selfish
"Consequently. I cannot become a candidate,
and. consequently. I mut ndvl all my friends
and adherents tn support the Democratic tlcket
They have been loyal to me in the extreme, and
I shall never forget the uns"Ifish and patrioUs.
Int.f'Sts -which have been faithful to me to the
end. I thank them, one and all, but T want to
say to them, my friends everywhere, and speak
ing for myelt that my best efforts shall be di
rected to the election of the whole Democratic
ticket, for the doubl" reason that I think that
rmn-e hen for the Cltv of St. Louis, and best
for the Democratic pirtv."
Tinker' Friends are Pleaaeil.
The friends of Tinker In the primary
fight generally commended his action yes
terday, and said that ns a strict, party man
no other course was open to him. and
prophesied that the action of yesterday
would make him stronger politically than
he had ever been before.
Andy Blong, who was one of his strongest
supporters In the primaries, said: "Mr.
Tinker Is a good Democrat, "When ho
went Into the primaries and lost there
was nothing for him to do but to bow to
the will of the party and give the ticket his
support. No man who calls himself a
Democrat can afford to do otherwise. Mr.
Tinker has done the right thing at the right
time, and his course will make him stronger
than ever among the masses of the Demo
Tom Barrett, another strong Tinker sup
porter, said: "Zach W. Tinker Is just the
kind of a man to take an honorable stand
like that. He is now and always has been
a Democrat, and when his party spoke
there was nothing for him to do but obey Its
mandates. This action of Mr. Tinker will
not only relieve his warmest friends of a
very embarrassing situation, but will make
him a hundred per cent stronger before the
SIXTY MEN BURNED TO DEATH.
Turpentine Camp Fired by 2segroes
Out of Bevenge.
Chicago, March 16. A special to the
Chronicle from Mobile, Ala., says: A crowa
of citizens of this place is searching; Bald
win County In an effort to find three
negroes, who, in a spirit of revenge, are
raid to have burned a turpentine camp
across the Day this morning-, causing the
death of sixty white men and negroes.
Frank C. Prissier rowed to Mobile this
evening, attired only in his underwear and
suffering Intensely from bums. He was the
only person who escaped from the burning
camp. He said:
"I was asleep this morning when a chok
ing sensation and an intense heat roused
me. The log shack In which the iixty ne
groes slept was on fire, as was a shed
near by filled with 200 barrels of raw tur
pentine. The trees surrounding us were
also burning. I yelled to the men as I ran,
but none answered, and I am sure all per
ished. INDIA SHOWS LITTLE GROWTH.'
Census Returns Indicate Increase
of 1.4 Per Cent.
SPECIAL BY CABLE.
Calcutta, March 15. The population of
India, according to the complete census re
turns Just made, is 31.000.000, an Increase in
the last decade of 7,000,000.
Deducting the population of the Balu
chistan, Shautaks, Chin Hils and Sikklm
territory, enumerated for the first time, a
net increase is shown of only 1.4 per cent,
which Is due to Improved census methods.
Owing to the two famines, mortality from
disease and a great decline In the birth
rate, the native States show excessive de
clines. These results were quite unex
pected. MRS. NATION IN KANSAS CITY.
She Was Arrested- There Yester
day for Obstructing Sidewalk.
Kansas City, Mo., March 13. Mrs. Carrie
Nation, who has been visiting hero for two
days, was arrested "in Union avenue near
the Union Depot to-day for obstructing: the
sidewalk. She was taken to the police sta
tion, but Immediately released upon her
promise to take the train for Topeka,
which she pleaded she desired to do. Mrs.
Nation had stopped to harangue a crowd,
which became so large that traffic was
stopped. She refused to desist when an of
ficer told her to move on, and she was I
marched to the MiUon.
N Doctor Sam: "This adopted boy of yours is threatened with the revolution
measles, and he's likely to break out at any time." 1
ENGLAND AND RUSSIA
CLASH AT TIEN-TSIN.
Czar's Troops Intrench in Disputed
Territory, While British With
Fixed Bayonets Look On,
SERIOUS TROUBLE IMMINENT.
Order Issned for the Evacuation of
China by American Troops
Only 150 Men ta Be Lett
Tien Tsin, March 13 The British nnd Bus
Elans are disputing over tho limits of rail
way property in the Russian concession,
nnd the guards of the two nations are in
close proximity to each other.
The British have been Etrongly re-enforced
and trouble Is imminent unless the Rus
TROOPS I. HOSTILE ARRAY.
London, March 15. A dispatch received
.here from Tien Tsin by Reuters Telegram
Company, dated from that city to-day, at
3:20 p. m., says:
"The Russians arc now Intrenching In
the disputed territory. A company of the
Hong Kong Regiment, with fixed bnjonets,
is In front, whllo two companies of the
Madras Pioneers, under the command of
Major Johnson, are held in reserve.
"Both the Russians and tho British are
Tawaltlng Instructions from their Govern
EVACUATION OBDEIl ISSUED.
Washington, March 15 An order was sent
to General Chaffee to-day for the cvacua- j
lion 01 i;nmu uy iiuviituii nuujjr, u-dtiiib
only a legation guard of 150 men. The troops
will bo removed from China the last of
The dispatch to General Chaffee Is as fol
"Adjutant General's Office, March 15.
Chaffee, Pekln: In reply to your telegram,
Secretary of War directs you to complete
arrangements nnd rail for Manila w 1th your
command and staff officers by the end of
April, leaving as a legation guard Infantry
composed of 150 men, with at least one ear
to serve, or those Intending to re-enllst,
with full complement of officers, medical
officers, sufficient hospital corps men, and,
if you think best, field officer especially
qualified to command guard. Retain and
Instruct officer of Quartermaster's Depart
ment to proceed to erect the necessary
buildings for guard according to plan and
estimate:! you approve.
"Colonel Charles F. Humphrey on arrival
win mane an inspection ot tne cjuarter
master's Department In the Philippine Is
lands until July 1. when he will be assigned
to duty ns Chief Quartermaster at Manila,
and Miller ordered to the United States.
"All stores nnd supplies not required for
legation guard to bo disposed of in jour
best Judgment; of course, serviceable sup
plies needed In the Philippine Islands will
be sent to Manila. Division of the Philip
pines will furnish supplies for legt'on
guard. MacArthur notified. CORUIN."
It was bald at the War Department that
this clears up the Chinese situation so far
as the war Department is concerned and
the protection of the legation can in no
sense bo taken as occupation of Chinese
territory, and the guard cannot be used
for any other purpose.
Thp transnorts Sumner and Indiana will
be sent to Taku to take the troops in China
to Manila. These troops consist of the
Ninth Infantry, four troops of the Sixth
Cavalry and the light battery, formerly
commanded by Captain Rellly. Two trans
ports will bring away the 1.100 animals
which have been used by the army In
General Chaffee has advised the depart
ment that the bst place of embarkation Is
Taku, which no doubt will be clear of Ice
on the date fixed for departure.
ENLIST TO FIGHT FILIPINOS.
Kentucky Feudists Are Tired of
Fighting Each Other.
Mlddlesboro, Ky., March 15. Many of the
warriors made famous by the settlement of
the Baker-Howard feud will soon be among
the sharpshooters of the United States
Army in the Philippines.
Major Joseph Garrard, Eighth Cavalry,
son of General T. T. Garrard, the patriarch
of the Baker faction of the noted and long
lived feud, left here to-day with forty re
cruits, whom he had enlisted in Clay and
near-by counties. They will be taken to
Fort Thomas, where one of the new regi
ments is being organlxed. The recruits are
most of the Baker-faction and nearly all
are related to the Garrards. There are sev
eral Bakers and Philpots and some of the
Two of Tom Baker's seven sons fought
through the war with Spain and made good
records. One who was with the First Ken
tucky, was arrested upon his return for one
of the feud members, but was acquitted.
For MIxHonrl Fair Saturday frith
rlnlnfr temperature; irinda becoming
aoutherly. Sunday, lncrealnjr cjoudl
neu. For Illinois Fair Saturday; north
west to oathrreit Tvlndu, fresh on
the laUe. Sunday fair.
For Arkansas Fair Saturday, with
rlalna temperature) northerly wind I
ueeonimg inriaoic. Sanaa?
1. Tinker Will Not Run for Mayor.
England and Russia Clash at TIen-Tsin.
May Have- to Face Murder Charge.,
Carnegie Offers $1,000,000 to St. Louis.
2. Record of the Street Sprinkling' De
F. N. Judson Defines Campaign Issues.
3. BonI and De Rodays Will Meet To-day.
Bynum's Discharge Is Justified.
4. Crescent City Derby Starters.
General Sporting News.
5. Risks Her Life to Save Her Dolls.
City NeW3 Items.
6. Mrs.iRIchardson Is Admitted to Bail.
Fixing Blame- for Boer War Blunders.
7. Newell Gospel Meetings.
Sunday Church Services.
Questions Validity of Appropriations.
Foreigners 'First to Apply for Space.
Maud Gonne Arrives.
9. Book Gossip.
Sherman Selects Lexow Committee.
10. Home and Fashion Topics.
11. First Beneficiary of Pension Fund.
House Reads New Conduit Ordinance.
12. Republic Want Ads.
13. Republic Want Ads.
14. Rattled Shorts Greatly Excited.
Chicago Grain Markets.
Weekly Bank Statement.
13. Tractiors Continue Weak and Lower.
New York Stock Markets.
16. Plucky Florist Averts Catastrophe.
Desperate Struggle In Probate Court.
Dead Bod Found In Cake of Ice.
WILL ADJOURN ON MONDAY.
Senate Adopts House Resolution
Deciding Upon Date.
Jefferson City, Mo , March 15 The Forty
first General Assembly will adjourn sine die
at noon Monday, March 18. The Senate to
day passed the House resolution fixing the
time for adjojurnment for that hour. A day
and a half remain for the passage of some
of tho Important measures.
Senator Morton called up the special or
der relating to adjournment, and asked
that It be laid over until to-morrow at 2
o'clock. Senator Thomas said that he was
opposed to delaying fixing the time for post
ponement, and moved that the matter be
made a special order for 11 o'clock. He
succeeded In carrying this motion.
At 11 o'clock Senator Morton's motion to
delay fixing tho hour for adjournment was
called up. Senator Clay asked for delay un
til matters relating to the revenue had been
arranged. Tho motion to postpone action
was lost by the following vote:
Ayes Biggs, Clay, Fields, Heather, Mar
tin, Rubey. Bradley, Dowell, Haynes, Mar
shall, Morton 11.
Noes Clarke, Costello, Drabelle, Jewell,
Matthews, Ramp, Stubbs. Thomas. Collins,
Davlsson, Farrls, Lee, Orchard. Schoenlaub,
Sullivan, Zevely 16.
W. H. Phelpa wanted the time for ad
journment fixed definitely.
When the motion to adopt the House res
olution was made it was adopted by a voto
of 21 to S.
PASSENGER TRAIN DITCHED.
Four Persons Hurt, but All Will
Dallas, Tex., March 15. The Missouri,
Kansas and Texas southbound passenger
train No. 31, from St. Louis, due to leave
Dallas at 4:45 p. m., but which was forty
minutes late, was ditched at the sand pit,
five miles south of Dallas, at 5:30 this after
noon. Three passengers and the baggage
agent were severely but not dangerously In
jured. The track was.cleared. and. the .train
proceeded southward four Jbpurs late.
MAY HAVE TO FAGE
A MURDER CHARGE.
Pneumonia Threatens to Complete
the Work of Mary Paige's
RESULT OF LONG EXPOSURE.
More Serious Charges
to Be .Brought
Abbott, Patterson and
New York, March 13 Mary Paige, the
young girl who, It Is alleged, w.t drugged
and mistreated by George F. Abbott. Jr.,
David Patterson and Henry Gleason, in
Chapel alley last Sunday night, has de
veloped symptoms of pneumonia. Her
physician. Doctor Hobart, hopes that he
can pull her through, but she has been
so weakened by what he insist" was the
drug that was given her that her state Is
Miss Paige suffered exposure all Sunday
night and early Monday morning. When
she was attacked by what has been called
a "fit" she was carried Into the alley and
doused with cold water. Doctor Hobart
has all along said he could overcome the
effects of the drug, but he has feared tho
setting In of pneumonia.
Toward nightfall Thursday Miss Paige
again became unconscious and later had a
very high fever. She rolled about In her
bed and mumbled the names of those ac
cused of the crime of which she is the
Mrs. Gleason, mother of Edward Glea
son, one of the accused youths, has
called on Mrs. Paige, mother or tho girl,
and expressed her sympathy and hope that
Mary may recover.
Many letters have been received by Mrs.
Paige, many of them demanding that the
three accused young men be handed over
to Judge Ljnch.
CREDITORS HELD A MEETING.
Discussed Affairs of Gaylord and
i messing company.
At a meeting of the creditors of the firm
of Gaylord & Blessing, held In the Laclede
building last night, the question of getting
at the books of the concern was discussed,
without arriving at any definite conclusion
ns to what action would be taken. It is
said that Trustee Guy Billon has partially
promised that the creditors will be given a
statement of the liblalltles and assets of the
firm. The advisability of employing an ex
pert to go over the books was also dis
cussed, and the names of several expert ac
countants were mentioned as available.
The special committee appointed rendered
a report recommending that tho corpora
tion be forced Into the bankruptcy court.
For this purpose only three creditors will
be necessary to make affidavit. "There are
many who do not desire to have their
names connected with the affair and are
keeping In the background as much as pos
sible. HEAD CUT OFF BY CARS.
Mangled Body of Railroad Em
ploye Found Beside Track.
Dallas, Tex., March 15. Early this morn
ing the mangled body of a man was found
on the tracks of the Missouri, Kansas and
Texas Railway in the northern suburbs of
the city. The head was cut entirely from
th trunk and th balance of the body cut
Into pieces. Late this afternoon the body
was identified by relaUves of the dead man
as that of J. P. Aarons, an employe of the
Mlsauurl, Kansas and Texas Railway, and
whose home was at 101 Wellborn street,
FELL THROUGH A BRIDGE.
Miraculous Escape of a Railroad
WInsted, Conn., March 15. While passing
from a car to the tender last night C. E.
Stoddard, a freight brakeman on the Berk
shire division of the New York, New Ha
ven and Hartford Railroad, fell through a
bridge Into a river below at Georgetown,
and escaped with only a;few scratches. His
comrades saw him disappear from the car.
and supposed that he was killed. How his
body passed unharmed between the ties
Stoddard Is unable, to explain, 'Tf
Proposed Gift to Be Divided
Between Central and Fif
teen Other Buildings.
SUITABLE SITES PLENTIFUL.
Entire Block Fronting Olive
Street at Library Board's
Andrew Carnegie, the millionaire st"l
magnate, one of America's greatest phi
lanthropist1), has offered to donaie $1,0 0,10)
for the building of a new public library
in St. Louis. The offer Is similar to many
others which -Mr. Carnegie has made 'o
cities throughout the United State3 and
The conditions on which the gift Is to be
made can be easily compiled with by the
city of St. Louis. Mr. Carnegie asks that
tho city furnish an unincumbered site for
tho library and that a maintenance fund of
JICO.OOO per year be assured.
His desire is that the $1,000,000 be tLvided
Into two parts $300,0(W to be used for '
central building and $300,000 for establishing
a sjstem of branch libraries,- which shall be
located in various sections of the city, thus
allowing every district to benefit equally by
The St. Louis Public Library Board owns
a practically clear bite :24 by 2S2 feet. This
is the block between Olive and Locust
streets and Seventeenth and Eighteenth
The money owed on this ground has been
guaranteed by certain wealthy St. Louis
ans. The site is centrally located, and would
fully satisfy the first condition made by Mr.
At present the income of the Public Libra
ry is in the neighborhood of $75,000 per year.
This is derived principally from a tax of
one-fifth of a mill. Under the law this tax
may be raised to one-half ot a mill on the
dollar upon submitting the measure to a
vote of the taxpayers and obtaining a ma
jority of the votes cast upon It.
It Is believed by the Library Board that
no difficulty would be experienced in carry
ing out the measuro in an election. In th9
event of Its being carried, the Income of
the Horary would be In excess of the main
tenance fund required by Mr. Carnegie.
HOW MR. CAREGIE
The matter of Interesting Mr. Carnegie in
the St. Louis Public Library commenced
about two years ago. At that time the
philanthropist was residing on his estates
In Scotland. Frederick M. Crunden, libra
rian of the Public Library, addressed him a
letter asking h'm, on behalf of the Library
Board, to remember St. Louis while making
his generous domt!on3 to libraries. Wil
liam Barr wrote Mr. Carnegie at the time.
Indorsing the letter of Mr. Crunden.
Some time later It was suggested that the
Reverend Doctor Samuel J. Niccolls, pastor
of the Second Presbyterian Church, being
ft friend of Mr. Carnegie's, could assist the
cause by seeing the philanthropist person
ally and placing the subject before him. In
Tebruary Doctor Niccolls had an inter
view with Mr. Carnegie. In which the for
mer listened with great Interest to what
was said of the needs of St. Louis for a
new public library, and appeared favorably
Inclined toward aiding It.
"That Is the business I am In." he said,
"and I will not lose this opportunity to aid
a worthy cause."
On March 4 Doctor Niccolls received a let
ter from Mr. Carnegie asking him to state
exactly what St. Louis would do toward
building a library. In substance. Doctor
Niccolls replied that the city would furnish"!
a clear site, centrally located ana contain
ing ample space, and would guarantie a
maintenance fund of not less than $100 000
per year. Mr. Carnegie then replied that he
would give St. Louis $1,000,000 for Its li
brary. Of this $510,000 should be used for
a central building and $300,000 In branch li
braries to be distributed throughout the
Mr. Carnegie said that. In his opinion, it
wns not a wise thing to put too much
money In a central building and neglect the
branch libraries, as a larqe per cent of the
a ers would be supplied from the latter.
It Is estimated that fully $130,000 per year
would be required to run the new library,
with the branch svstem. Boston, with a
smaller population thrtn St. Louis, gives its
public library a yearly maintenance fund
of $300.0(0. The library at Buffalo, N. Y
enjoys $140,000 per vcar.
With the half million dollars to be used
In establishing branch libraries, about
fifteen substantial and ornamental build
ings could be erected In various parts of
the city, nnd equipped with all the detail
of a complete library. Residents of every
section of the city will have the benefit
of a public library, practically at their
doors. The plans and improvements which
the Library Board has long contemplated
could be carried into effect, and St. Louis
plnced on an equality with any city In
the country, In the matter of Its public
The site owned by the Public Library
.Board 19 admirably adapted to the erection
of the new library. At the present time
nearly $300,000 Is owing on the properly.
Public-spirited citizens have practically
guaranteed this amount, and this condi
tion of the gift Is easily fulfilled.
Besides the olld block which has been
mentioned, the board owns a lot on the
southeast corner of Seventeenth and Lo
cust, which is entirely unincumbered. The
lot has a frontage of 181 feet on Locust
Ftreet and extends 1 feet on Seventeenth
As a means of Increasing the Income of
the library it is proposed to raise the tax
for public library purposes from one-fifth
to one-half mill on the dollar. This can
be done by an election of-the tax-paying1
voters of the city. On a petition of ICO or
more tax-payers, the Board of Election
Commissioners Is required by the State
law to caU an election to pass on the tax
rate. If a majority of those who vote
at such election are In favor of the in
crease, it becomes a law.
The last time the matter was placed be
fore the voters at an election It failed to
pass. The failure was largely due to the
fact that the library was in the center of
the city and Inaccessible to persons in dis
tricts remote from It. With the new sys
tem of branch libraries this objection, it
Is believed, will be removed, and It is felt
that no difficulty will be experienced in
obtaining a majority of votes for the In
In connection with the question, of a new
public library1 It has' been suggested that
the old Missouri Park, at present occupied
by the Exposition building, would 'be one
of the moat desirable 'Bites In the city. It
Z', " a - - . - " -4
THE LATEST PORTRAIT
has bee- thought that If some plan could
br atianged bv which the Expo-itlon com
pany would rellnqui-h the property in fa
vor of tho Public Library, the best Inter
ests of the citizens of St. Louis would be
The equities own d by the board In Its
prf ;ent site could bo sold for more than
cnojgh to take up the entire indebtedness
of the Exposition and still have a hand
some sum left ovf- to apply to the library.
Tlio area occupied by the Exposition is con
siderably larger than the site -owned by the
Library Board ard is more centrally lo
cated. If the central library building were
erected upon It. It Is thought there would
be ample space to surround the structure
with an attractive park.
This, it Is argued, would afford breathing
space to a section of the city which is
closely built up and badly in need of a
park. The open space would show off the
building to the greatest possible advan
tage and protect it from fire. The location
is accessible by street car lines from every
part of the city.
DlSClSsnS THE OFFER.
In speakins of Mr. Carnegie's offer. LI
biarlan Crunden said that the money would
come as a timely boon to St. Louis. He
stated that in its present quarters. In the
Board of Education building, the library
had not room to accommodate Its books,
much less to expand and adopt Improve
ments which are common in public libra
ries In large cities throughout the countrv.
"The gift of Mr. Carnegie." he said, "win
enable us to erect a building which will
serve all purposes for a quarter of a cen
tury to come. The plan adopted in the
building will doubtless be such ns will per -mit
of extension. As the needs of the li
brary require, and funds will permit, ad
ditions can be made without detracting
In any way from the beauty of the build
ing. I sincerely hope that the new li
brary will be completed in time for the
"One of the greatest benefits which we
would derive from Mr. Carnegie's donation
is the system of branch libraries. If fif
teen of these are built, there will be suf
ficient money to put into each to erect
buildings which will be ornaments to the
city, besides being complete libraries. At
present we have a system of substations
about the city. These are located In drug
stores and shops of all kinds. While the
results obtained are good, they are noth
ing compared with what could be done with
HOW THE LIBRARY
The old Public School Library, from
which the present Public Library evolved.
was founded by Ira Divoll, the celebrated
St. Loui.s educator, and received Its
charter in 1SC3. On December S, of that
J ear. It was established in a room in the
Darby building, at Fifth and Olive streets,
with something more than 1,500 volumes.
The original Institution was designed to
furnish supplementry reading to public
school children. Owing to the lack of
funds In the School Board treasury, that
body was unable to conduct the library,
and it was supported by donations from
public-spirited citizens, and paid member
ships. From time to time, it acquired by
New York, March 13. Andrew Carnecle.
who since retiring as an active figure from
the steel world has been able to devote
tls time exclusively to his other passion,
the founding of libraries, has made his de
parture for Europe this spring memorable
by the largest offer ot thut kind ever ad
vanced. If New York will provide the
sites and the maintenance he has promised
to give $3,200,000 to establish sixty-live
branch libraries In this city.
The offer was made in a letter to Doctor
John S. Billings, director of the New York
Public Library, last Tuesday. The corre
spondence In connection with the offer -as
made public to-night, as follows:
New York. March 12. 1ML To Doctor
John S. Billings, Director New York Public
Library: Dear Doctor Billings Our con
ference upon the needs of Greater New
York for branch libraries to reach tho
masses of the people in every district have
convinced me of the wisdom of your plans.
Sixty-five branches strike one at first as a
very large order, but as other cities huve
found one necessary for every 60,000 or 70,000
of population the number Is not excessive.
You estimate the average cost of fheset
libraries at, say, $SO,000 each, being 3.200.000
for all. If New York will furnish sites for
these branches for the special benefit of the
masses of the people as it has done for the
Central Library and also agree in satisfac
tory form to provide for their maintenance
as built. I should esteem It a rare privilege
to be permitted to furnish the money as
needed for the buildings, say $5,200,900. Sixty-five
libraries at one stroke probably
breaks the record, but this is the day of
big operations, and New York is soon to be
the biggest of cities. Very truly yours.
(Signed) ANDREW CARNEGIH.
OFFER TO SEW ROCIIELLE, X. Y.
New Rocholle. N. Y., March 15. A letter
from Andrew Carnegie offering New Ro
chelle $25,000 for a free public library build
ing was received here to-day by William K.
Palmer, a member of the local library board.
The offer Is made on condition that the city
purchase a suitable site and pledge itself
to'slve $4,000 annuall-to support the library".
Mr. Palmer will bring the matter before
the cltv authorities.
TO GIVE PITTSBURG .STS.OOO.OOO.
Pittsburg, Pa., March 15. Ultimate friends
OF ANDREW CARXEGIE.
gift arl purchase several small collections,
so that when It moved Into the old
Polytechnic building. Seventh and Chestnut
streets. In 1S7J. its volume" numbered into
In April 1863. the Library Society trans
ferred the library to the School Board. Th
deed of transfer that all property shouM
be turned over to the School Board, which
body would bind Itself to maintain the li
brary for the use of the public and to ap
propriate to It not less than $1,000 beside tha
regular library income.
Circumstances greatly facilitated the
transfer, and favored the future of the II-brarj-
The board had recently purchased
the "O'Fallon Polytechnic Institute" build
ing. V, ..: this were Included the Henry
Ames Library and the claim of the Y"ash
ington University for $100,030 as a residuary
legatee under the will of Henry Ames. Ex
pecting to receive this money very soon, the
School Board appropriated $3,100 to the li
In December, 18S1. the name of the Insti
tution was changed to the Public Library.
It was not however, till It was made free,
and thus became truly a public Ilrary, that
the cltiz3ns of St. Louis noted the Changs
In the title and began to take a lively Inter
est In It.
As early as 1S31 the. librarian. In his annual r.
report., called attention to the Inadequacy j
tcchntc building, and the ever-present 'dan
ger ot tire- From thar time he constantly
urged the necessity of more commodious
quarters and a fire-proof building. On Oc
tober 2. 1S3I, the cornerstone of the Board
of Education building was laid. February,
1SS3. the librae's new quarters on the sixth
and seventh floors of that building were
dedicated. These same quarters are occu
pied by the library at the rressnt time.
As early as liBZ the question of making
the library free was discussed and .advo
cated. In 1S02 active step3 were taken by
the School Board to bring this about. Tha
matter was placed before th people of tha
city to vote upon In April, 1SSI. The elec
tion resulted In a vote of 33,233. for the flfth-of-a-mill
tax which would Insure a frea
litrarj, to C.1S1 against It. V.
In May a Board of Directors was appoint-'
ed by Mayor Walbridge. but It was not until
March that the transfer was concluded.
Registration commenced in May, and on
June 1 the library opened to all th resi
dents of St. Louis as a free institution. At
the end of the first year the registration
showed more than 2S.0OO names. At thb
close of the third year. April SO. 180$. tho
records showed more than 40.000 cardhold
ers and a total Issue of 920,300 books. Of
these 212,130 were drawn at the delivery
The collection now contains more than
130,000 volumes and the registration increase)
has ex?ecded the most sanguine expecta
tions. The finances of the institution havo
been so administered that a valuable site
has been purchased for a new library build
ing, and the value of the collectioa haa
steadily Increased. Owing to lack of spaca
it has been impossible to introduce many
of the improvements which are common in
libraries in most of the large cities ot tha
TO B5J3LD BRANCH
GREATER NEW YORK.
of Andrew Carnegie sav that it Is the inten
tion of the steel master to eive at least
$23,000,000 for the erection of buildings and
for the endowment of the proposed techni
cal scncol of Pittsburg.
It Is also declared by thoso who hale
talked with Mr. Carnegie that he Intends
to make his school the finest of Its kind
in the world and that It will lend as much
fame to Pittsburg on the theoretical sid3
of Iron and stel making a3 his famous
works have done In actual practice.
BIG Y. M. C. A. DEBT LIFTED
J. D. Rockefeller and J. P. Morgan
Contributed ?10(,(!0t) Each.
New York. March 13. With four munifi
cent donations from men Inspired by tba
desire to help their kind, the Young Men's
Christian Association will be enabled to
pay alt the debts on five of Its branches,
and will be In a position to further the ex
tension of its work to the borough of tha
Bronx, to undertake the opening of army
branches, which is a new feature, and to
put 1 nto operation many other new
Burdened by these mortgages for years, it
was decided on the first of the year to en
deavor to lift the load by having philan
thropic men of wealth donate the $300,000.
The largest debt was that on the West
Fifty-seventh street branch, where thera
was a mortgage ot,$150,000L The next tn elza
was tho Bower branch, with a debt of, $50.
00tf. The remaining $100,000 'vas represented
by mortgages of $45,000 on tho East Side
branch, $2,500 on the Second avenue, C4.G0O
on the Washington Heights, rnd there waa
a floating debt of $6,000. t;
J. Plerpont Morgan and John D. Rocke
feller are known to have contributed K -000
each for the purpose er freeing "them
from debt, while two other persons, whose
names are being kept tecret. contributed
$50,000 each. Mr. Rockefeller, it is believed,
was the first to whom an fapponl was made.
With his nromlse n, nn mn.it avow nM&
Interested worked his nardesf. 'lt wat de , $
elded to visit Mr. Morgan. He needed httleS?
u.aitit,. auu uu .otoiiuay last ma enecK-Waa. -C
In the hands of the happy committeoML ir "
The two anonymous contributlonsr'i52iSf :
In his check.
mi w ,, wu jar. AOCjraeuWKff
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