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THE EEPUBLIC: SUNDAY. MARCH 17. 1901.
THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC
PUBLISHERS: GEORGE KNAPP & CO.
CbarlM W. Knapp, President ana Om. lr.
Own X Allen. Vice PreslicBt.
W. B. Cerr. Secretary.
Office. Corner Seventh and OllTO Street!.
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Addre THE REPUBTJCS.
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SUNDAY. MARCH 17. 1901.
W. B. Carr. Easiness Manager of The St
tools Republic, being- duly sworn, says thnt
the actual number of full una cororlct
eoftM of tht dally and 8undty Itrpubllo
printed during the month of Febniarv. ifOl.
all In regular editions. u ai per schedule
17 Smoday.. 94,720
24 Sunday.. 98,675
10 Ssaflay. .95,260
Total for the xnenth 2,196,675
all capita spoiled In print-
lax, ltft OTW or filtd CW7
Ket number distributed.... 2,132,728
Avenge daily distribution.... 76,169
Ana gald "W. B. Carr further says that
til number of copies returned or reported
unsold during the month of February was
M par ant. .
W. B. CARR.
Sworn to and subscribed before roe this
Mth day of February, 1IU.
J. F. FARISH.
Notary Public, City of St Urals. Mo. My
tons expire April S. UOL
It is entirely fitting that the first
strong note of Indorsement of the St.
Louis World's Fair to come from across
the sea should be voiced by an eminent
The first page of this morning's
Magazine presents a felicitous message
from M. Cambon, Ambassador from
He strikes the keynote of the Exposi
tion Idea when ho says that "history
has shown the cession of the Louisiana
Territory to have been a etep in the ex
tension of liberty and civilization In the
West scarcely less momentous than the
earlier establishment of American Inde
pendence In the East."
The Ambassador adds his wishes for
the unqualified success of the Exposi
tion and says that he Is confident that
the results to flow from It "will be of
All Europe will doubtless follow the
French Ambassador In expressions of
friendly concern, to be succeeded in due
course by material activities that will
further strengthen the ties that at this
moment bind the United States In bonds
of peace with the nations of the earth.
That there were some frauds In last
fall's election Is likely. There have been
frauds at every election In St. Louis, as
In other large cities. But that there was
an unusual percentage is disproved by
With an Immense fund at their dis
posal, tho Republican managers have
been unable to obtain evidence of more
than a scattering few of small frauds.
The Grand Jury, overwhelmingly Re
publican, devoted itself zealously for
days to the Investigation of election
charges and could find no proof of any
thing but the same few Instances.
From the day after election last No
vember the entire Republican strength
politicians and press has been con
centrated on the one determined effort
to squeeze an election-law issue Into mu
nicipal politics. Their double object has
been to explain the defeat of Ziegen
heinism last fall and divert attention
from municipal administration this
With all this concentrated effort, the
tangible evidence of actual fraud at the
polls amounts to nothing more than this
that a few repeaters and disorderly
persons were seen about the polls as
IS NOT AN ISSUE.
Public knowledge of the facts In the
case la what prevents the success of the
Republican attempt to make the elec
tion laws a prominent issue In the local
campaign for good government during
the World's Fair period.
The registration figures in 1898 and
1900 In themselves effectually disprove
the desperate Republican charge that
the Nesblt law has prevailed to bring
about wholesale corruption In this field.
The significance of the figures is that
there must have been vastly more fraud
in the registration of 180(5, under the
law of 1895, than in the registration of
1900 under the present law.
The election law now In effect Is at
least as good as that of 1895. Even If
not a perfect law. It is a false Issue In
the local campaign. The Republican at
tempt to make It an issue constitutes a
dodging of the real Issue, which Is that
of goocl government Good municipal
government Is Impossible If voters can
be thus diverted by the howls of a gang
which is afraid to face tho real issue of
the campaign. It Is Imperative that the
voters of St. Louis refuse to bo "tolled
away" from the Issue of good govern
ment by a crafty gang attempt to sub
stitute an artificial issue.
The April elections will decide nothing
with regard to the election laws. After
the elections are held, the election laws
will remain just as they aie, while, If
the gang howl wins to the extent of
fooling tho people into electing the
gang'? Mayoralty cnndldate, the Zie
genhcln machine will remain In power
throughout the "World's Fair period and
the people of the World's Fair city will
be helpless. The gnng will own the
Mr. Holla Wells, the Democratic nomi
nee for World's Fair Mayor of St. Louis,
declares that good government is the
issue of the local campaign. Mr. George
W. Parker, the Republican nominee, de
clares that a fair election law for St.
Louis is tho issue.
During the past four years the city of
St. Louis has suffered from municipal
misrule to an extenjt greater, perhaps,
than has been felt by any other Ameri
can city. Its revenues have been squan
dered In the payment of salaries to ma
chine riupsters. It was plunged Into
darkness through the ring's unwilling
ness to enact the necessary lighting
legislation. It has fallen into decay
owing to the ring's utter Indifferenco to
the public welfare.
Mr. Parker Joins the howl on the election-law
Issue. He must divert the
voters of St. Louis from the Issue of
good government if he Is to win their
support at the polls. The evil rule un
der which St. Louis has so grievously
suffered was the rule of Ziegenheinism.
Mr. Parker was nominated by the Zie
genhein gang. His campaign managers
nre Ziegenhcln gangsters. The cam
paign slush fund for his benefit Is being
raised by prominent Zlegenbeln leaders.
He has promised the spoils of office to
the Zlegenbeln gang In the event of his
Can you not see why Mr. Parker Is
afraid of the real Issue of good govern
mentsubstituting the bogus Issue of
election laws instead? He must stand
or fall with Ziegenheinism. The popu
lar movement for good government de
mands the overthrow of Ziegenheinism.
Mr. Parker is lost If this movement at
tains Its ends. For good government
and Ziegenheinism cannot exist to
gether, and Mr. Parker stands for Zle
geuheinlsm. MR. CARNEGIE'S WISDOM.
Andrew Carnegie's splendid gift to St
Louis of $1,000,000 for the building of a
suitable Public Library and fifteen
branch libraries In various sections of
the city is of such practical nature that
its sure promise of beneficence Increases
with study of Its provisions and Intend
Especially Is the .wisdom of the donor
In evidence In his Insistence upon the
establishment of a system of branch
libraries. This will Insure beyond all
question tho fulfillment of Mr. Carne
gie's desire that the St Louis Public
Library shall attain tho fullest useful
ness to the people; that It shall reach
ell elements of the local population, and
be conveniently subject to the use of
all. A central Public Library building
without this system of branch libraries
would be a great monument to Mr.
Carnegie, but It would be little more
than a monument It would fall in the
popular usefulness for which Mr. Car
negie Intends it
" On tiie other hand, thlsccntral library
vflth'lts fifteen branch buildings con
venient to residents of all sections of St
Louis will be Indeed a public library for
the people's benefit Its educational
work will be tremendously widened in
scope. Its uplifting influence will be
felt by all. There will be no remote
quarter of the city that is not In touch
with the Carnegie Library. There will
be no man, woman or child In all St
Louis who, desiring to utilize 60 great a
blessing as a free library, will be unable
to do so owing to Its remoteness from
their locality. It will virtually be at
their doors, inviting them to its profit
Mr. Carnegie has done even more than
all this in his noble gift to St Louis.
He has set a shining example to
wealthy St Loulsans who may desire to
confer benefit upon their home city. The
World's Fair period contains an excep
tional temptation and offers an unusual
opportunity to these St Loulsans to do
great and good things for St Louis.
Every endowment for the city's benefit
for Its beautiflcation, for its higher cul
ture, for tho Increased Intelligence and
happiness of its people, will, if put Into
effect during the World's Fair period,
add also to the prestige of St Louis be
fore the world. This truth is earnestly
commended to the attention of the gen
erous and wealthy men of the city. Mr.
Carnegie Is showing them the way to
accomplish the greatest good for St
THE WITTENBERG BILL.
Ziegenheinism, the same evil Influence
that is now ardently supporting George
W. Parker for World's Fair Mayor of
St Louis, was the originating cause of
the notorious Wittenberg "nll-for-sal-arles"
bill which opened wide to the
greedy grasp of the gangsters the City
Treasury of St Louis.
Mayor Ziegenhcln and his gang had
but just come Into power when the
Wittenberg measure was devised. Rich
as they had found the municipal pick
ings at the outset they had also dis
covered that there was a way to vastly
Increase those pickings for the gang's'
benefit. The details of this discovery
were made public when the Wittenberg
bill, backed . by all the Influence pos
sessed by Mayor Zlegenbeln and the
gang, was introduced and passed in 'the
The avowed object of the Wittenberg
bill was the reorganization of the Street
Department Its real object was the
creation of additional offices for the Zie
genhcln gang. This object was fully at
tained. The expenditures of the Street
Department were Increased In one year
from a total of $504,169.30 to $753,402.43
an Increase of $189,323.13, every cent
of which went into the pockets of gang
sters. It created the office of Assistant
Street Commissioner for Julius Wurz
burger, the -Mayor's right-hand man. It
increased the number of street districts
and the salaries of district superintend
ents. It gave each superintendent' ten'
Inspectors. Chris Schawacker, John B.
Owen, Henry Alt and William J.
Broeker, prominent members of the Zie
genhein gang, were made district su
perintendents. They parceled out the
other offices to the gang.
What did St Louis get In return for
this tremendous increase in the cost of
tho Street Department? Decaying and
neglected sweets, nothing more. Ab
solutely no attempt was made to justify
by result this raid on tho City Treas
ury. Th vast sums looted from the city
went ln'o the pockets of the gang; not
to the betterment or even the decent
maintenance of the streets. During the
four years of St. Louis's sufferings un
der tho "calamitous misrule of Ziegen
heinism, the city streets have steadily
ovgenerated in condition until now they
aro In a shape so deplorable as to
shame and humiliate the city before the
world. But the Ziegenhcln gang has
It Is this gang which is striving to
elect Georgo W. Parker to the Mayor
alty In order that It may have the loot
ing of the city during tho World's Fair
period. Candidate Parker has piomised
the gang that, Jn the event of his elec
tion, "the boys who did the work are the
boys who will get the nuts." It Is a
distinct and definite compact between
Paiker and the Zlegenbeln gang. The
voters of St. Louis will seo to It that the
compact is mado impossible of fulfill
ment They have had enough of Ziegen
heinis.ni. The gang must go.
Mr. Tinker's announcement -of with
drawal from the Mayoralty contest ex
presses lucidly the sentiments which
should govern all good Democrats.
If there Is a Democrat who on any
ground hesitates to support Mr. Wells
he should read carefully tho temperate
and forcible statement of Mr. Tinker,
the man who, If selfish or narrow rea
sons were to control, would be the most
Implacable enemy of the Democratic
He was not only a competitor for the
Mayoralty nomination, but belonged to
a different element of the party from
that of Mr. Wolls. When he heartily
supports the entire ticket, and urges his
friends to support it because he thinks
"that course best for the city of St.
Louis and for the Democratic party,"
there is no other Democratic voter who
can afford to lag behind.
Democratic harmony and confidence
will be strengthened by the example set
in the interview with Mr. Tinker in The
Republic this morning.
HIS COUNTRY'S PERIL.
There Is a singular pathos In the fact
that the last days of the late Benjamin
Harrison, former President of the
United States, were darkened by his
fears that the American spirit of Inde
pendence and love of liberty was being
perverted and stifled by commercial
ism. It was In this Government's attitude
toward the two little South African
Republics, engaged In a llfe-and-deatb
struggle with England for their very ex
istence as free and self-governing na
tions, that Mr. Harrison perceived the
most ominous indication of our growing
indifference to the principles upon
which our own free government was
founded. It filled his mind with fore
boding that we had seemingly "lost
cither the right to denounce aggression
or the capacity to weep when a Re
Unhappily, also, our own policy to
waid at least one of our new "depend
encies" was of a nature to justify Mr.
Harrison's fear that, as a Government
we arc uo longer controlled by the true
American spirit In the passage, at the
dictation of the Sugar Trust, of the In
famous Porto Rlcan tariff bill, which
directly violated the American Constitu
tion, Mr. Harrison discerned most
alarming proof of our willingness to be
tray liberty and Justice for the sake of
commercial gain. He characterized the
enactment of the Porto Rlcan tariff law
as "a grave departure from right prin
ciples," and ho never failed to condemn
that unamerlcan act when occasion of
fered. It Is worth while for the American
people to take to heart the repeated
warnings voiced by Mr. Harrison In the
year Immediately preceding his death.
Tho great Indinnan was a typical
American, descended from an illustrious
American stock, faithful In every fiber
of his being to the cause of liberty and
popular government He would not
needlessly have cried out that -his Gov
ernment was becoming recreant to
American principles. He was not a
"traitor" nor a "copperhead." He was
an American and the close of his life
was saddened bjtbe thought that the
American spirit was dying out from
Not even the second-sight son of a
seventh son can discern a promise of
good government In the election of a
Ziegenhcln candidate to tho "World's
Fair Mayoralty of St. Louis.
Benjamin Harrison died fearing the
abandonment of American principles by
Americans.. It Is ominous tbat an
American President's last days should
be thus darkened.
King Richard III only imagined tbat
there were six Rlchmonds In the "field at
Bosworth. St Louis knows to its cost
that there aro six Zlegenheins on the
city pay roll. ' v
If you want a full roster of Zlegen
helnlsm's line and staff officers read the
list of names of Candidate Parker's
most actlvo campaign workers.
Ziegenheinism has Julius Wurzburger
to thank for the existing election law.
The gang desires a return of Wurz
burgcrism in election matters.
Candidate Parker blinds himself to
the real Issue of good government be
cause he has -no desire to see his own
finish on that Issue.
In Monday's rush to pay the first as
sessment on World's Fair subscriptions
you'll see a World's Fair rally of splen
St. Loulsans find tbat the best of all
cures for tbat tired feeling In the spring
time is a World's Fair movement under
When President McKInley dedicates
the World's Fair 'site he'll realize anew
how much this country owes to Thomas
With about $150,000,000 being expend
ed in St Louis we're booked to discover
that World's Fair times are good times.
We're getting so used to trustism now
that the organization of a new $100,000,-
000 combine Is classed as routine news.
BY WALDON FAWCETT.
WRITTEN Ton THE SUNDAY REPUBLIC
A considerable portion of the general pub
lic thinks of the White House as only the
official residence of the President of the
Even the visitors who pass In and out of
the commodious east room of the executive
mansion by hundreds day after day see
nothing; to Indicate that tho Immense white
structuro Is other than a habitation a trifle
more. Imposing, to be sure, than that of the
ordinary wealthy citizen, but not a whit
Thus it may be somewhat in the nature
of a surprise to most persons to learn that
upstairs In the White House a realm of
which the casjal sightseer catches never a
sllmrse there Is probably transacted more
business thnn is disposed of in any similar
space elsowhcre In the world.
To watch tho conduct of business at tho
White House through the daylight hours)
of one day is to gain a better Idea of how i
manifold are the Interests of the Govern- J
ment than may bo obtained anywhere clso
The presidential offices may be said never
to be closed during a single hour In the
year, for there Is some branch of them t
always open. If it be only the telegraph
The handling of the mall at the White
House is a big task. A wagon from the gen
oral post office calls at the White House
three times each day morning, noon and
afternoon and seldom does a day pass
that less than a hundred and fifty letters
are delivered, to say nothing of hundreds
of papers and periodicals of various kinds.
In times when public feeling runs high,
as during the recent Chinese crlcls, the
dally mall frequently runs up to COO or COO
letters. As a matter of fact, many of the
letters which come to the White House
should have been directed to some one of
the Government departments, had not the
writer Imagined that something was to be
gained by securing the ear of the Chief
These misdirected epistles are dispatched
forthwith to tho headquarters of that
branch of the Government sorvice with
which they are concerned; but Inasmuch as
It Is the policy of the present administra
tion to acknowledge the receipt of every'
letter which comes to the White House, the ,
outgoing man is always as large as ana
usually larger than that received.
There are never less than three stenog
raphers at work answering the President's
correspondent, and frequently there are
several times that number, it having been
necessary on occasions to "borrow" clerks
from some of the departments.
Any unusual event Is liable to overwhelm
the correspondence bureau at the Whlto
House. For Instance, during the Spanish
American War, the Inquiries of solicitous
relatives for the men at the front swelled
the mall to gigantic proportions; and, after
President McKInley made publlo his letter
of acceptance In the summer of 1300, there
was received an average of sixty congrat
ulatory telegrams per day for the space of
Of course only a small proportion of the
letters which reach the White House come
New Members of the Senate.
BY ALLEN V. COCKRELL.
Special Correspondence of The Sunday Republic
Washington, March 14 In ihe many
times throughout the long and varied his
tory of the Senate that its personnel has
been changed by. the appearance of new
members, it will be-hard to recall one where
the mighty tribunal has received In Its
midst a more diversified lot of men than the
fourteen who were 6worn In on March 4.
Trom Theodore Roosevelt, soldier, poli
tician, cowboy and litterateur, to Thomas
Kearnes, plain miner, they comprise a
most Interesting aggregation.
Notwithstanding that In the brief extra
session of the Upper House Just ended,
these new Senators had no opportunity of
showing their mettle, eight of them, at
least, will be prepared to enter upon their
legislative duties when both houses of
Congress convene next December; for of
that number no less than five Blackburn of
Kentucky, Clark of Montana, Dubois of
Idaho, McLaurln of Mississippi, and Mitch
ell of Oregon have been previously mem
bers of the Senate, while three Bailey of
Texas, Carmack of Tennessee and Gamblo
of South Dakota are promoted from the
William A. Clark is perhaps the most In
teresting personality of tho new members.
After ono of the bitterest and most personal
political contests in the history- of tho
country he returns to the Senate hand
somely vindicated by the people of his
State, this In spite or the fact that he
encountered the open opposition of the Daly
faction of the Democracy., besides that of
the regular Republican organization, with
that most astute of politicians, Thomas
Henry Carter, as Its leader.
A majority of nearly 20,000 for the Dem
ocratic State and congressional tickets and
a largely Democratic Legislature, which
has elected two Democratic Senators, was
the net result of his fight.
Clark is the richest man In the Senate,
being worth anywhere from eighty to two
hundred millions, and has but one hobby;
that of collecting notable paintings, His 13
ono of the finest private galleries In ex
istence. It containing some of the world'B
greatest masterpieces. In the collection ara
WRITTEN FOR THE SUNDAY REPUBTJC.
Jullen Gordon to-day Is only superficially
known as a writer of society novels and so
The smart set knows, Jullen Gordon as
ono of the searching psychologists of the
Psychology Is a dangerous word on re
count of Us size and Its complexities, and
Jullen Gordon rarely uses -it In relation to
her own work. But some day when she
has completed an admirable plan of six
books representing the six ruling passions,
shP will not be able to escape the coveted
iirpenchment, any moro thin Balzac could
or Paul Bourgct will.
Occasionally, bo facts tell us, a woman Is
bcrn whose mentality confuses the tradi
tions of femininity, like George Eliot.
George Sand and others equally remarkable
and equally famous. This occasional woman
Is quite conscious of the alarm she causes
among those of her own sex, and usually
takes refuge In the nom de plume of a man.
Mrs. Van Rensselaer Cruger was quick to
recognize these hindrances to a woman's
pen, and she signed herself to her readers,
"Why did you do this?" I asked her.
"I had the absurd Idea of hiding my per
sonality," she said.
"But why Jullen Gordon, Instead of one
of a million other masculine names?"
- "I was christened Julie; a scratch of the
pen added to It made the name appear to
he a man's. But I soothed my conscience
for the deception with the knowledge that
it was at least five-sixths feminine. As to
the Gordon, my middle Initial was G.. which
Intuitively spelled Gordon for me, . ,
The discussion turned to the historical
IJulien Gordon Discusses Novelsl
of the White
under the eye of the President. Scarcely a
dozen a day are such as to demand his per
sonal attention, and mayhap many of these
may bo answered by the private secretary,
after consultation with the Chief Executive.
Naturally such Injunctions as "personal"
nnd "private" cannot be regarded In open
ing the White Houe mall, and many expe
dients are adopted by prominent men who
send lettPrs which they do not desire to
have perused by any person save the chlf
ofTIccr of the Republic. A favorite plan Is
for the writer to placo his Initials In auto
graph in tho lower left-hand corner of tho
envelope. All the clerks have como to
recognize tho Initials of the men close to
the President, and their letters go through
The man who bear3 the brunt of tho cor
respondence at the White House Is the sec
retary to the President. Until the days of
President Buchanan each Incumbent was
obliged to provide his own secretary, but
from that time forward Congress made pro
vision for this official. Originally the sal
ary was fixed nt J2.E00 per year. After a
score of years or so it was raised to J3.5W,
and In President Cleveland's administration
It was raised to 5.000, at which It remains
to the present time. Nowadajs tho two as
sistant secretaries "to the President each
receive moro than did tho secretary of a
quarter century ago.
Tho secretary, of course, dictates all the
letters sent out. and. Indeed, President Mc
KInley writes but few letters with his own
hand. Save In tho case of communications
to close friends or relatives, he dictates
all his letters to stenographers, and then
signs the typewritten sheets, just as would
a business man.
President McKInley has even Inaugurated
an Innovation by dictating his messages to
on assistant secretary and revising the
copy Just before it goes to the printer.
One phase of the business management of
the White House which might appear Insig
nificant and unsuitable to classification un
der this head, but which is nevertheless
difficult and perplexing, is the conduot of
The secretary to the President and the en
gineer officer In charge of the White House
and grounds wrestle with this problem Joint
ly. Tho worst phase of the matter is found
In the overwhelming and never-ending ava
lanche of persistent people who seem will
ing to move heaven and earth to secure an
InvltaUon to a social function at the White
House. Not only must the granting and re
fusal of requests and complaints made by
letter and otherwise be kept from the Pres
ident and his wife, but a nicety of decision Is
frequently necessary in sending out invita
tions for state dinners, etc. Finally, there
are the requests from delegations of all
Imaginable kinds visiting Washington tbat
the President tender a reception to each
Decidedly the most wonderful feature of
the working apartments of the White
House, however. Is the telephone and tele
graph room, or the telegraph and cipher
bureau of the executive office, as It Is
officially designated. The room is In charge
found works of Rubens, Fortuny, Diaz,
Dupre and many others. It Is said that
over half a million dollars has been ex
pended for these canvases.
With a break of four years In his sena
torial career, John L." Mitchell of Orejron
enters upon his nineteenth year of service
in that body. His popularity with his col
leagues and tho esteem In which they held
him were shown by the applause which they
gave him as he went up to be sworn In.
This most unusual demonstration on the
part of the grave and dignified Senators
made the compliment a very graceful one.
Senator Mitchell Is a much-bewhiskered
gentleman, and. though nominally a Re
publican, was held in such esteem by the
Democrat-Populist fusion forces of hiB
State Legislature as to enable him to ef- j
feet e. coalition with them which resulted
In his election. He has expressed his great
appreciation of this support and, feeling as
he does that ho should as closely as possi
ble represent the views of all. those who
elected him, bis course In the Senate will
probably be more that of a free lance than
Frederick Dubois of Idaho, who, with Tel
ler, Towne and others, walked out of the
St. Louis convention of '96, ha had. most
compensating good fortune In the succeed
ing five years. Sinco that memorable oc
casion he has won an unusually charming
woman for his wife. The union Is a par
ticularly happy one. and has been blossed
with a baby girl, apropos of whom a cam
paign story at the Senator's expense has
As the tale runs he was engaged in mak
ing a speech at his home town in Idaho,
the audience being composed almost wholly
of friends, many of whom were ladles. Mr.
Dubois- was eloquently describing imperial
ism and picturing its dangers.
"Not only is Imperialism a menace to our
country." he said, "but It threatens us per
sonally, our wives and our children. And
by the way," he added, abruptly, "we have
a little girl up at our house."
The enthusiasm at this point wm great
er than at any other period of ht speech.
"I hate historical novels," said Mrs. Cru
ger; "they are sugared pills."
"You prefer the biography?"
"Biographies are uninteresting; they lack
the flavor of human experience in the def
ference paid to the central figure of the
"What In your opinion Is the province
"The drama of the heart, not exclusively,
of course. I may be allowed the privilege
merely of my own 'convictions.
"You've heard about the long-expected but
unknown Great American Novel?"
"What do they mean when they ask one
to write the American novel? I've had
kind people say to me, 'You ought to write
the American novel." Upon my soul, I don't
think they could define the book If they
seriously tried to do so.
"It seems to me that we are all writing
the American novel, but from different
standards of thought and from different
points of view. Authors try to tell some
thing that they are familiar with, some
thing that is about them, near them, with
in reach of hand and heart. It so happens
that I know something about the fashion
able world, and there is a lot to say about
it, small world as It Is."
"Full of subtle plots," I suggested.
"i don't know much about plots. In fact,
I wroto but one novel with a plot, and that
had as much purpose as anything else."
"What was the title of that book?"
" 'Eat Not Thy Heart.' "
"And its purpose?"
"The passion of envy. I want to write a
series of books, each one representing a
study of one of the six ruling passions of
"Knvy Is one of them?"
"The first, almost tne chosen, partner of
How a Busy Staff and Vast System Arc Em
ployed in Managing the President's Private Affairs.
of a United States Signal Corps officer.
Colonel Benjamin F. Montgomery, who has
been detailed for the work.
This rather small apartment haa been apt
ly termed the "nerve center of seventy
million people," and. Indeed, Its sympa
thetic nerves cover tho globe. It Is the only
telegraph office In the Government which Is
never closed. It keeps communication open
between the White House and the President,
wherever he may be: It transmits the con
fidential messages from the Government to
i American army and navy officers and dip
lomatic representatives abroad, and It keeps
so closely In touch with events all over the
world that should Edward VII die to-mor
row President McKInley would probably be
the first man in America, aside from the
telegraph operators, to learn of It.
This unlquo headquarters of communica
tion Is conducted on the policy of system,
method and concentration, or. in other
words, tho Idea is to do away with the ne
cessity for a large force of operatives and
to savj time. Thus by means of novel de
lces a half dozen telegraph operators are
enabled to do work which under ordinary
circumstances would require from fifteen to
For Instance, there is a switchboard ac
commodating tventy wires, and by this
means it is possible to secure a direct wire
to any city in tho country, and this may be
"held" for any length of timo without dan
ger that any other than the official busi
ness will go over It.
Direst connection may be made with any
of the oceanic cables, and, while it la cus
tomary to send cablegrams through the New
York offices of the various cable companies,
the operators have under stress of unusual
circumstances worked direct with the last
land offices of the cables at Sydney, Cape
Most marvelous of all, perhaps, la the
manner in which communication is kept up
with the President when he is traveling by
ralL The White House office haa a com
plete Itinerary of the trip, and" by means of
a system of reports from train dispatchers
the exact location of the presidential train
Is always known, and a. message may be
placed In the bands of the executive at al
most any moment of the tour.
But In the White House, ai elsewhere,
telephonlo communication Is, to a consid
erable extent, supplanting the telegraph.
In the bureau at the White House la a ca
ble box holding fifteen telephone wires, and
a long-distance telephone wire may be re
served exclusively for the President's u?c.
Just as might a telegraph line.
For instance, during the President's vaca
tion visits to Canton, when the various Cab
inet officers went to the telegraph room to
communicate with him he has frequently
talked direct to the White House for hours
at a time.
This Is only a small portion of the sur
prising things which aro being accomplished
by means of tho telephone at the White
House. There are private telephone wires
connecting the Executive Mansion with the
Senate and House of Representatives; to
. that the President may talk confidentially
with the Vice President or any member of
Cdngress; but surpassing this in point of
Insuring secrecy is a peculiar telephone sys
Striking and Interesting
Recruits to the Upper
The announcement created decidedly more
Interest than the prospect of the country
being overwhelmed with Imperialism.
Dubois is young, able and forceful. He Is
row a Democrat and will be a valued ac
quisition to the minority forces in the Sen
ate. Of the trio who come to the Senate from
the House, the youngest and best known 13
Joseph Weldon Bailey of Texas. Only 33
and brainy, brilliant and vigorous, he will,
unless all predictions fall, make his mark
as a Senator.
Like Clark. Bailey has a hobby. Hla Is
the Constitution, and so successfully has ho
cultivated It that he has become an ac
knowledged authority upon the subject, and
never gives utterance to hla constitutional
views but that they are listened to with in
Bailer la a fine-looking, well-dressed speci
men of manhood. Though he wears the
conventional slouch hat and black broad
cloth of the typical Southern statesman, he
has lately been reveling In decidedly un
conventional neckties. His latest tie mads
its appearance on the day the Lone Star
statesman entered the Senate, which mem
orable occasion doubtless marked the
casting off of the white string affair which
has heretofore been such a distinctive fea
ture of his dress. This newest creation was
of rich royal purple silk, figured with dots,
and. after encircling bis ample neck, fell
down In shiny folds upon his wide ex
panse ot shirt front.
It Is feared that unless the picturesque
Texan Is sufficiently awed by the solemn
dignity of the Senate to adopt a less gaudy
Btyle of neckwear and tone down a wee bit
generally, he will continue to b the Idol
of the "Gallery Goddess." When he first
came to Congress, Bailey, being- young and
inexperienced, would often grow weary of
the dull monotony of legislative proceed
ings on the floor and seek relief by observ
ing the fair, fresh faces of certain occu
pants of the ladies' gallery. This uncon
scious tribute to the damsels' attractive
qualities fairly captivated them, and they
straightway contracted what has been
called the "Bailey erase."
She Divide Humanity
the Novelist Is to Present
love. I have already written three books,
modeled to embody three of the six pas
sions." "And they are?"
"I have already named the book that
stands for envy. My latest novel, 'Mrs.
Clde,' serves to present ambition; a pre
vious story, called 'Poppea,' describes the
passion of love. There still remain for me to
write the two remaining passions, avarice
"You said there were six ruling passions;
you. have only named five."
Mrs. Cruger hesitated a moment and.
looking down at the point of her black
isurde slipper, she said softly":
"I was almost going to say I had Invented
a sixth passion, called Pity."
"Is pity a passion?"
"An overmastering, overwhelming pas
sion," said Mrs. Cruger, more eloquent in
her demeanor than she had been before, as
she continued. "It's a woman's passion. Men
rarely suffer for it, only half understand
it. For woman It Is the greatest of all
those secret, invisible artists of her soul
tbat mold the inner graces of her nature
and all but govern her outward presence.
Paul Bourget Is the only author I know
who has touched the great passion of pity
"Yet, pity Is a sentiment tbit pride all
but disarms," I said.
"Not when its dominant nature Is as ten
der as compassion," said Mrs. Cruger.
"And these novels ara already outlined?"
"The novel, to my mind. Is pre-eminently
a story of types, a study of Inner motives,
secret truths, pood and evil of people. Life
Is a series of unfinished plots. The years
that develop our passions and our hearts
only bring about denouements at most. The
plot as it Is understood in books seems to
tem which connects the President wllh the
office of the various members of the Cab
inet. This is automatic in its action; tht
central station being in the garret of the
White House, and there is, consequently, no
"hello girl" to oicrhear any secrets of
Some absolutely orlslnal expedient have.
been resortPd to In thld wizard c.-.t'nt of
the White House in emorsenues. On or.5a
occasions an operator receiving a. long lets
phonic mes'-ago would rtpeat It word bv
word to a graphophoro. to bo tranricrlbed
to the President at hl3 leisure, aid more
wonderful still, graphophorca carefully
gouged .is to s?eed have been made to re
cord long messages clicked off by the tele
graph Instruments. This scheme can Le re
sorted to when the office U ru-' cd wltl
work, the operators tranccriblns the records
on the various c linden- at their lei-rjr...
The telegraphic messages which come to
the White Houso may be In one of ten dif
ferent codes. The State Department, the
War Department and the Navy D'partricnt
ca.ch has- three different codes; and tha
President has a private code.
An operator will, a-, a rule, recognize in
stantly what cede is b;irg used. If a sus
picion arises that a. code has been dis
covered by any person outIdo the proper
authorities it may ba changed at any time;
as, for li stance, during the Chinese trouble,
when It was suspected that the Celestials
had obtained possession of a copy of tho
State Department code.
The telegraph operators stationed at the
White House aro the very pick of the pro
fession. They always take messages direct
from the wire to a typewriter, and
a speed of seventy words per min
ute Is not accounted anythirg out of the
ordinary. The operators work !n three
"shifts," the hours being- from 3 a. m. to
5 p. m , 5 p. m. to midnight and midnight
to 3 a. m., respectively. Thero are usually
four men on duty all the time, although
the number has ranged as high as eight or
ten per "shift," making a total force of
from twentj-four to thirty men.
The precautions for maintaining; secrecy
as to the contents of official messages are.
of course, elaborate how elaborate may ba
imagined from tho total absence of "leaks"
of any kind, notwithstanding the fact that
advance information as to governmental
action would frequently mean a profit of
millions of dollars for its fortunate pos
sessor In Wall street.
In the first place the most unquestionablo
credentials aro necessary In order to obtain
admission to the telegraph bureau at all.
The precautions taken In the case of the
telcphOEe system connecting; the White
House with the desks of the Cabinet of
ficers have already been explained, and the
telegraph operators use what are known as
secret sounders, so that even were another
telegrapher in the room he could net ascer
tain what was passing over the wires.
Finally, the White House operators In
variably know Just who Is taking- their mes
saga at tho other end of the line, and If
the communication Is one of Importance
they are likely to call for a man in whom
they can repose confidence.
Personalities of the Latest
He verily became the "matinee hero" of
the House. His mall, it was said, was often
times burdened with epistles of a most gush
ing nature, and the appearance of his man
ly self on the floor was the signal for
ecstatic exclamations, and" the magnet for
tender glances from the fairer sex. As the
gentleman Is regarded as In no way a
"quitter," the dread suggestion arises that
the spectacle which so edified the House
may be repeated in the Senate.
The remaining five of the new Senators
Simmons "of North Carolina, Burton of
Kansas, Petterson of Colorado, Burnham
of New Hampshire and Foster of Louisiana
have not had previous legislative experi
ence. The ability of the Honorable J. Ralph
Burton. Senator from tfce weird and won
drous land of Kansas, Is as yet an unknown
quantity. Next winter will afford him an
opportunity of demonstrating his worth. In
the meantime he will be noted for a remark
able . peculiarity for a Kansan. He parts
his hair In the middle! Not only does he
dlvldo It evenly, but he plasters it down on
both sides. Burton will now share with Sen
ator Kcan of New Jersey the distinction of
being the only Senator who so parts his
hair. Most of the distinguished gentlemen of
the bodyare like old Uncle Ned; without
any hirsute coveringat all!
Decidedly the most Interesting of theso
new seekers after legislative honors is
Thomas M. Patterson of Colorado. Patter
son, who is nt present a Democrat, is an
original advocate of the free and unlimited
coinage of silver at the ratio of IS to 1.
Ho is a millionaire, owns silver and gold
mines, publishes and edits the great Dem
ocratic dally of the Rocky Mountain
States, the Denver News, and, when he is
not too busy, practices law. Befflnf he
reached the heights of a millionaire news
paper owner he attained considerable famo
In the pursuit of his profession, and notably
to by reason of the fact that ho never ap
peared on the side of the prosecution. He
Is In his element when defending a prison
er, and tho worse the case the better Pat
terson likes it. Strong-minded and reliant,
with a political experience of many years.
It Is expected tbat he will become a leader
of the radical wing of the Senate Democ
racy. Into 24 Types and Says the Duty of
These Types Faithfully.
me too deliberate a method for writers; who
should report what they see and hear
rather than what they think. A lifetime Is
orly j, short story at best a story of rea
son ana impulse."
"Then of course you believe most of all In
the study of characters?" I said.
"A study of types is of most Importance
to me, although in all truth there are not
many to choose from. There are only about
a dozen distinct types of mn and women
In the world."
"A dozen each?"
"Two dozen In all."
"You have disposed of the modern fad
for tho story of adventure?" I asked her.
. "I have neither the talent to WTlte such
a story nor the patience to read one. An
author receives Impressions from life, and
should model them as nearly true to the
life models as possible. I suppose I am
considered a very Independent woman be
cause I writs about the morals of men and
women more fearlessly than conventionality
usually allows a woman to do, bat some
body must tell the truth, and. with the ex
ception of Paul Bourget. I hardly know
of any one who Is laboring in the vine
yard of modern society."
" 'Mrs. Clyde" was a character study
taken from life?"
"So I have heard, but it seems to me that
the solution Is not quite right. It seems as
though people are more Interested In ths
gossip of society than la the actual dramas,
of the heart and their motives and princi
ples. I suppose, being a woman, a great
many 'people wonder why I don't writs
something about woman's rights or wom
an's wrongs. I ant not a femmlster con
cluded Mrs. Cruger positively.