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THE REPUBLIC' SUNDAY. MAECH 17, 1901.
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BT BEATRICE SHERIDAN.
wiuttbjc rou the sun-day iuuuiujc.
"I am glad I am not a clubwoman's
husband." said the man, as he cut the end
off his cigar, preparatory to making him
self, as usual, a smoking1 furnace.
"Why?" I queried. "Because you are
afraid you might come under the henpecked
"Xo, not at all," he replied, Indignantlv.
"but because no havo trouble enough with
our servants now, and If Mrs. Smith be
longed to clubs we mf3ht as -well shut up
house, matters would be so much worse."
"I think you are wrong there. Seme
housekeepers will hare trouble -vlth serv
onf, clubwoman or not."
Then, realizing what a mtstako I had
made. I attempted to smooth matters over
"It Is not always the mistress's fault, for,
you know, servants will always take cd
vantage of a mistress who shows any dis
position to be kind to them."
Well, you may put it any way you
please, but all the same I am glad my wife
Is not a clubwoman."
These remarks set me thinking, and I be-
Kan to wonder If there was any truth in
I decided to investigate and ascertain Just
what kind of homes clubwomen did have
and whether they had more trouble with
their servants than the ordinary, everyday
The first woman upon whom I called was
prominent In one or the many patrlotlo
clubs, which really look upon themselves
as being a little bit better than the usual
literary, political or reform club.
This woman lives in a pretty house. That
he was a clubwoman needed no telling.
GIANT AERIE GLOBE,
It Is Estimated
TTRITTEN FOIt THE SUNDAY HEPUBIJC.
One or the features of the great Fair In
Bt. Louis, which shall celebrate the cen
tennial of the, Louisiana Purchase may be
a giant steel globe, mounted upon a struc
tural Iron pedestal, and rising to a height
of 653 feet. Samuel M. Friede Is the In
ventor of tho novelty, and has formed a
company which hopes to succeed In making
the Friede aerial globe the "Ferris wheel"
cf the biggest Fair In the history of the
Mr. Albert Borden, structural and me
chanical engineer. Is drawing the working
plans: which will be completed within the
next six or eight weeks.
Mr. Friede, tho designer, has spent over
eighteen months perfecting the details. He
began to work on his Idea directly after
the Historical Society proposed a celebra
tion of the Louisiana Purchase. His de
sign has for Its main feature an Immense
Kansas Seeks Possession of
Its First Capitol Building.
Interesting Incidents Connected With Its Erection, the Sitting of
the Only Legislature That Ever Met Within Its Walls,
and the Rise and Fall of the First Capital City.
Special Corretponflence or The Sunday Itepubllo.
TOPEKA, Kas.. March 7. Tho Kan
sas Legislature has asked the Fed
eral Government to cede to the
State a few acres of ground, now
Included In the Fort IUIey military reserva
tion in Central Kansas, and on which
stands nothing but an old structure, roof
less and crumbling, with a yawning hole
near tno center of one of tho end walls.
It Is such a building as only bats would
voluntarily Inhabit, and yet it Is one of
ine most historic places of the West. It
was the first capltol of Kansas, and a
cene or tho beginning of those struccles
wnicn iea to tno dlvll War.
The hole In tho wall? There Is nothing
much to that, except that it remains as a
gaping monument to the failure of tha
United States troops to knock It into a
pile of old bricks with a cannon'ball.
But tho building Itself is interesting, and
nt last tho State has decided to make on
attempt to preserve It as a bit of the vis
ible history of this great commonwealth.
The old capltol stands close by the Union
racillc Ballroad track, about three miles
east of Fort Riley Station, yet there is
nothing to indicate to travelers between
Kansas City and Denver that, it has any
history, save that it was bullded by maD i
and then left by him to fall away. !
The building was erected in 1S35. Around
it where now are only meadows trc-ro
which the Government cuts its hay, waa
a prosperous town Pawnee, first capital
of Kansas which its founders believed
would some day be the metropolis of the
During thosd days tho thoughts of the
nation were centered upon Kansas. The
great death struggle of slavery began with
the contest for supremacy in the new ter
ritory. Men emigrated from all over tht
Isorth, but more particularly from Ohio and
Massachusetts, to make Kansas a free
State; and just as many poured In from
the South through the gateway of Missouri,
determined to hold It for slavery.
HOW PAWXEE CAME
TO BE FOU.tDEU.
The territory was organized in 1S34, and
A. H. Reeder, an Ohio man, was appointed
as its first Governor. Until late in that
year it was expected by the proslavery men
that the seat of government of the -terri
tory would be Shawnee Mission, near the
injunction of the Kaw with the Missouri, ,
nnd not far from the present site of Kan- ,
sas City. But Governor Reeder deemed
Club ribbons, sets of resolutions, flags, por
traits of the mistress of the house decked
out In all her medals, hung on the wall,
stood on mantel and tables. Thero were
two gilt tables with glass cabinet tops
filled with ribbons and pins and decoratia.is
of all kinds.
The bouse was well and tastefully fur
nished, but the club Idea predominated. It
was the first thing1 that greeted you upon
entering; It was the Impression you took
away when you left.
I hid already been there several time,
and I noticed as the door opened that the
maid was the some pleasant-faced, soft
voiced colored girl I had seen before. She
wore her plain black gown, large white
npron, neat whito collar and curfs and
Jaunty little cap. She looked happy and
contented, and .held out the small silver
tray for my card In as perfect a manner
as though her mistress were no clubwom
an. Upstairs in madam's sanctum It was the
same. Club emblems were everywhere, in
evidence. Notwithstanding all thK tills
home bore the stamp of a good housekeep
er. I incidentally turned the conversation
to cooks during my vNt, and learned that
my hostess always brought licra from tho
"A real Southern mammy," pho explained,
"is the only kind of cook to have In your
kitchen. They are honest, respectful and
faithful, and that is more than jou can
say of Northern servants."
I stored this piece of advice away la my
memory. Intending to impart It to my
friend who was so glad he was not a club
woman's . husband.
Then I called on a woman with whom I
am friendly. There I met the maid she has
Rising- 555 Feet
in the Air,.
That Its Weight Would Be Forty Million Pounds, and Its Cost $1,300,000
Being-Urawn, and Company
aerial circular hall or rotunda, which
measures 330 feet in diameter by 1,000 feet
in circumference, situated ut a height of
323 feet from the ground. This rotunda will
be thirty feet high, inclosed entirely with
The entiro height of the structure will be
K3 feet, the height of the Washington
Monument, and surmounting the globe will
be a series of observation towers flftv-flve
feet In height nnd divided into three stories.
It is proposed that the top one be used by
tho United States Weather Bureau Depart
ment, with two gigantic searchlights, as
an after-dark feature.
Directly in the center of this structure
and running from tho ba.--e to the top of
the globe are to be located eight elevators,
with a capacity of sixty people to each, and
desisned to carry passengers to all of the
various elevations of the entire structure.
The first stop Is to be made at a distance
of 110 feet from the base, where the visitors
will find a covered roof garden and restau
rant. 270 feet square. Continuing upward
Shawnee Mission entirely too close to Mis
souri for the success of the free State
cause, and sought another location for the
In the summer of 153 the Federal Govern
ment established Fort Riley at the Junction
of the Republican nnd Smoky Hill rivers,
in what Is now Central Kansas, to protect
the Western frontier. Tne confluence of
these two rivers forms the Kansas, or Kaw.
Amons the otflcers were tevcral Free State
sympathizers. They conceived the Idea of
fcundlng a town adjacent to tho fort, and
making it a Free State settlement. So they
laid out tho town of Pawnee.
About the same time a party of pro
slavery men founded, a few miles farther
east, a town which they called Ogden, after
the first commandant at the fort. A fierce
rivalry at once sprarg up between the two
towns, and each put forth every effort to
secure more settlers than the other.
Early in 1S55 Governor Reeder proclaimed
Pawnee the capital of Kansas, the town
THE FIKST CAW
The hole in the end of. the wall waa
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THE TYPICAL CLVBTWOHANVS MAID
had ever since I have been visiting her.
Hero I found no evidence of clubdom.
Club lifo was conspicuous by the absence
of its reminders.
This woman belongs to dozeni of clubs
nnd philanthropic movements, and yet she
Is one of tho best housekeepers I know.
Her homo ! the perfection of neatness.
Von can never no there, no matter ut
which hour of the day or night, nnd find
the slightest disorder. She has everything
reduced to a system, and she sajs It is all
due to her tiainlng In parlimentary pro
cedure. Her table is beautifully -served. It is a
treat to be a"ked to luncheon or dinner by
this all-round elubwounn. She can make
most delicious cako and salads, and tl.o
best cup of tea I have had for a long
I asked her how she had managed to
keep her maid so long She replied:
"By not expetcing perfection in human
nature. By closing my eyes to many tilings.
Insisting upon Important things being dono
PLANNED FOR A WORLUVS FAIR FEATURE
Formed for Its Erection. jjj
the next stop is to be made In the center
of the great globe Itself in a rotunda Z2J
feet from the ground. In this rotunda. SM
feet in diameter and thirty feet high, will
be the most novel feature of the structure.
Around the circumference of this hall, meas
uring nbout 1,000 feet, there will be con
structed a movable platform twenty lect
in width, containing chairs and tables'
equipped for light refreshment service, from
which tho sightseer may leisurely view the
entiro i:positlon grounds.
The remainder of the floor space of this
rotunda is to be laid out for Unlit exhibi
tions and amusement.
The plate-glass windows encircling this
rotunda will bo set in strong haired iron
frames extending from floor to ceiling. The
upper tlnee or four rows of glass will bo
of various colore, to enhance the beauty of
the btructiiro when gorgeously Illuminated
The necessary machinery, dynamos, cold
storage plants, water pumps, etc., are to bo
located in a subrotunda directly beneath
company having agreed to erect a suitable
Government building. Then the Govern
or returned to Ohio for a visit.
WHEN Ml.SSOL'HIANS CAItlUED
TWO KANS VS ELECTIO.tS.
The election at which the members of
tho first Legislature were selected was held
on March 20, 185S. Both Free Stato and pro
slavery forces were determined to carry it.
During the days Immediately preceding
the election a constant stream of Mls
Svurlans poured Into the territory with tho
avowed object of voting. On tho morning
cf March 30 1,000 of them rode into Law
rence. They wero heavily armed nnd also
brought two small pieces of artillery. They
wero commanded by Claiborne F. Jackson,
afterwards Governor of Missouri.
When the ballots wero counted tho pro
slavery candidate had a majority larger
than the entire voting population of Law
rence. The same thing happened in every
other district In the Territory savo ore,
the extreme western, In which S. D. Hous
ton, a Free State sympathizer who now lives
with his daughter, Mrs. L. F. Parsons, cast
of Saline, was elected.
"VN'hen Governor Reeder returned several
weeks later he called a. new election in
come of the districts. Again the Missouri
pro-slavery men invaded the territory;
again there were cast In most precincts
twice as many ballots as there were voters
residing in the precinct. But Reeder an
nounced the election of tha Free States can
didates and gave them seats In the Terri
The Legislature was called to meet on
July 2 at Pawnee. The only way to reach
the place was by wagon or on horseback.
TOt OF KAtfSAS.
iiiatle by a cannon ball in 1855.
well, and by being kind and treating the
girl as though she weie a. human being
Thfs was point number two for the man
who was so glad he was not a clubwoman's
Then, I thought I would go and call on
the club woman, tho mother of the jam be
smeared child I had visited previously. I
thought, here was a specimen of the club
woman who might fit the man's objection
to his wife joining clubs.
After pushing the electrio button two or
threo times the door was finally opened by
the same neglected looking youngster. She
was not one whit tidier or cleaner than at
my previous visit.
"No: mamma ain't home. She's looking for
a girl, Maria went away three or four days
ago "and we ain't" had nny since. Mammn
Is so busy with tlie clubs that fchc can't do
Just then the odor of gas, which I had
noticed when the door was opened, grew
the main rotunda, and will be reached by
four brond stall cases, .which also continue
upward to a galiery.directly over. the main
halC-At tills point and around the entiro
inside of the dome of the clobe will bo
constructed an iron gallery 20 feet wide and
1.000 feet in circumference, from which tho
jriferToi structure may be viewed.
Another original feature will consist of
two spiral Iron glass-covered walks of easy
incline and encirUInff tha domo or upper
part of tho globe. One will lead upward
and the other down, with entrance and exit
In the gallery ana nt the top of tho globe In
the lower or Hist observatory hall.
Architect Borden estimates that tho total
weight of the globe nnd superstructure will
be about 40.000.uu) pounds, and that it will
cost to construct about $1,300,000. The timo
necessary for construction Is from twelve
to fourteen months. The capacity of tha
globe will be, ho claims, from 10.0M to 13,
000 persons per hour, from three to four
times greater than the capacity of tho Biffel
Most of the members were compelled to
go from fifty to 130 miles.
CONTESTS FOR SEATS IN'
THE FIHST LEGISI.ATUIIE.
There wero perhaps a dozen buildings on
the site of Pawnee when the Legislature
convened. One of these was a stona store
building. Another was a large, roomy cabin
of hewn logs, built by Governor Reeder for
his executive mansion. There wero also a
half dozen log cabins here and there, but
the piinclpal building was, of course, the
Capitol. It was a two-story structure, built
of stone from the neighboring1 hills, laid
with white dirt for mortar, sixty feet long
and forty feet wide, and considered a very
largo edifice. Tho Council was expected to
hold Its sessions on the upper floor, while
the House of Representatives met below.
Ono or two log boaidlng-houses had been
built In anticipation of the meeting of tho
Legislatuie, hut few of the law-makers
patronized them. Most of them wero accus
tomed to tho open air and had brought
tents with them. Hie townslto speedily be
came a small city of tents, with a camp
lire In front of each, over which a legislator
cooked his supper.
The Legislature was convened on July
2 with tho pro-slavery men In control of
both houses. The President of the Council
was the Reverend Thomas Johnson, a Meth
odist missionary, who founded Shawnee
Mission, at the mouth of the Kaw, In 1830,
and established u manual training school
there for the red man. The missionary's
sympathies were with the South, and he
was made the leader of tho pro-slavery
forces In the Legislature. His son, Colonel
A. B. Johnson, now one of the owners of
the Topcka Capital, was a member of the
lower House. Colonel Johnson is credited
with being the first white child born in
The seats of every one of the Free State
members to whom Governor Reeder Issued
certificates of election were contested save
that of Mr. Houston, the member from the
extreme western district. On July 4 all of
tho contestees were disbarred, and pro
slavery men were seated In their places.
As the llttlo band of Free State men
moved down the aisle to leave the building
one of them turned Just before he reached
the door and said:
"Gentlemen, you will live to rue this
day. The actions which you have com
mitted on this memorable anniversary
will kindle the Are of a nation's wrath, and
the wrongs you have done here will be
avenged in blood."
Two days after this the pro-slavery men
adjourned the Legislature over Governor
Reeders protest, to meet two weeks later
at Shawnee Mission on'the Missouri bor
der. After It had again assembled Mr.
Houston, the ono Free Stato member, re
signed his seat in order, as he said, that he
might have no part in a pro-slavery organl.
IS A PRAIRIE FinE.
There had been a theory that the Kaw
was navigable up to Pawnee, but thl3
was soon exploded. In the summer of 1S38
a steamer went up as far as Manhattan, at
tho mouth of the Blue, hut before It got
back the Kaw became so shallow that the
captain was compelled to tie his boat up
"'' -Xt---, -'
, -U -3 ft- yM V-H-5tL
itronger, and I said to the little one:
"My dear, where Is that ga3 escaping?"
"Oh, my! I was going to light the stove
and turned the gas on. But you ran? the
bell and I forgot to turn It off."
It was no business of mine. I will confess,
but I pushed past tho child and hurried to
tho kitchen, to find the place filled with gas.
Every burner In the range was turned on
full. I flung the window up. which, for
tunately, gave In the open air, and then
turned off the gas.
Then I looked around. "That was imperti
nence!" I hear some of my readers exclaim.
Tes. I know It was, but I was "inveslgat
Ing." The place was In tho greatest dis
order. The table was Uttered with dirty
The table In the dining-room was covered
with a table cloth which might have been
white once, and there were more dirty
dishes and the remnants of a meal.
Then I became faint nnd frightened when"
I realized what might have been the con
sequences had that child struck a match
some distance above Topeka to wait for a
freshet. The water became still lower and
left the boat completely stranded.
One night a prairie fire swept over the
plains, driven by a high wind from the
south. The flames raced across the level
meadow lands, down to the water's edge.
The steamer could not move, and burned
with what cargo it contained. This is prob
ably the only instance of a steamer burn
ing in a prairie fire.
After the Legislature had adjourned at
Pawnee a systematio effort was put forth
by the pro-slavery men to destroy tha town.
Jefferson Davis, then Secretary of War,
ordered a new survey of the Fort Riley
military reserve to be made, and the boun
daries extended further to the east. This
brought tho townslte on Government land,
and nothing but military buildings were
allowed on the reserve. The settlers were
ordered to tear down their houses and leave
It was late in the fall, and as no new
houses could be built before winter set
in. two or three of the families refused to
obey the order. Just as cold weather came
on a party of soldiers came from the fort
and unroofed the houses, and the families
In them were compelled to go without shel
ter for, weeks in the dead of winter.
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THE MAID ONE 30ETiriES SEES
In the kitchen.
The mother came in as I stood there, un
decided whether to leave the little girl
alone. I apologized for my Intrusion and
explained the circumstances of the escap
"She Is so careless. I am nearly crazy, I
havo so much to do. Maria must take um
brago at something I said, and leave ma
without a moment's notice. I have such an
Important paper to write on 'Suppression
of Vice' and I cannot get a servant."
I left, filled with wonder at the woman
whose mind was so filled with the "Suppres
sion of Vice" that she could not realize how
near death her own child had been.
I determined not to mention this case to
the anti-woman's clubman.
Then I bethought me of a woman who has
been prominent In New York club life, and
went to call on her. She has a suite of
apartments In one of the fashionable family
She has been abroad several times, and
THE PEIEDE AERIAL GLOBE.
The War Department then ordered all
buildings not connected with the fort to
bo razed to the ground. A cannon was
planted on a hill overlooking the town and
trained on the Capltol. One shot
crashed through the end of the structure,
but for some reason no mors were fired,
and the old building still stands to mark
the location of the first capital of Kansas.
THE ELOQUENT EPITAPH.
OUR worthy forefathers were fond of rhet
oricparticularly of funereal rhetoric and
were not always quick to perceive the divid
ing line between the sublime and the ridic
ulous. They seem, moreover, to have re
garded the extraordinary as contributing an
added and kindred element to the impress
ive. Many of their epitaphs show this, but
few more completely than that of an es
timable matron, who perished untimely In
Newburyport moro than a century ago.
Her tombstone on tha crest of the bury
ing hill is yet easily legible, with no more
trouble than scraping a bit of lichen hers
and there, and kneeling to push away the
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her collection of curios from different Tana's
Is handsome. She received ma In the li
brary. The room was charming; A bright
coal fire burned In the grate, and e, feeling
of comfort crent over me as I cat In front
She told me about her home duties. Bhs
rose at 7 every morning. Breakfast was
over at a quarter past S. Then she sat
down to her correspondence.
At half past 10 she started out to some
morning club meetings. At 1 o'clock she
was home for luncheon with her husband.
Until 2 WB3 his hour. Then she was free
for a round of visits and clubs. The even
ings were devoted to her husband.
Her homo nnd home life are apparently
delightful. I put her down as a case to
Then I remembered a little woman who
aches for notoriety. I once received a letter
from her, defending club women as wives
and housekeepers, and telling me she had
a house of twenty-one rooms, and would
bo delighted to tuka ur.y one from garret
to cellar to demonstrate that a club woman
could be a good hosekeeper.
So to her house I went. While I was wait
ing for her I took a look around. There
were two bicycles In the hall. The hatracle
was filled with golf capes and soft hats. A,
lounge In thu square reception hall was lit
tered with newspapers and pillows.
The hardwood floor of the drawing-room
was covered with skins. That of a great
wLite bear had been kicked a little to one
s.de and revealed the outlines of the ani
mal In dust. She had 'not trained the maid
to run the cloth under the skin a little way
on dajs when It was not convenient to give
tho floor a thorough cleaning.
She came down to eee me In a not over
dainty klmona and her hair In ribbons. The
ribbons were pale blue and were not unbe
coming. I adroitly turned tho conversation after a
while to housekeeping and servants.
"I have considerable trouble with my ser
vants." she said. "I am so very particular
that I am hard to please. I will not keep
girl If she Is the least bit slack, and tha
consequence is I am constantly changing."
I thought of the hatrack. the bicycles and
dust, but k-pt my thoughts to myself. I
have not made up my mind whether I shall
tell my friend about fhl3 Incident or not. X
am afraid he might crow over me.
I know a woman who Is not only a clut
woman, but a writer. She has the prettiest,
coziest, most homelike apartment I hava
ever been In. It Is a corner suite, and la
flooded with sunshine all day.
Now, every one knows that sunshine Is
bad stepmother. It shows up every specie
of dust and dirt. This woman's apartment
bears the searchlight of tha bright sunihlna
Her husband Is also a writer. His dea
is at one end of the hall, hers at the other
end. His den Is filled with pipes and golf
clubs and guna and rods. Sporting pictures)
vie with those of members of tha theatrical
profession In places of prominence on tha
Her room Is dainty. Blaclc and whlta
prints line the walls, and thera are cushions
She tells ms she has had tha same twa
servants ever since sba started housekeep
ing, and I believe her. Sha is a, larra wom
an, with a cheery, smiling face, and sha
diffuses much sunshine by htr personality.
Thus ended my quest of samples for my
friend, who was so glad ha was not a. club
long grass and intruding daisies. Thus it
"Sacred to tho Memory of
Mrs. Mary McHard
The virtuous and estimable Consort of Cap
tain William McHard of Newbury Port, wh
midst the laudable exertions of a. very use
ful and desirable Life, In which her Chris
tian Profession was well adorned, and s
fair copy of every social virtue displayed,
was, in a state of health. Suddenly Sum
moned to the Skies & snatched from, y
eager embraces of her friends (and tha
throbbing hearts of her disconsolate fam
ily confess'd their fairest prospects of sub
lunary bliss were in one moment dash'd) by
Swallowing a Pea at her own table, whenos
in a few hours sho sweetly breathed her
Soul away on the 8th day of March Wt,
This Mournful Stone as a, faithful Monu
ment of Virtue fled to Realms Above and
a solemn Monitor to all below the Stars,
is Erected by her Husband."
Captain McHard also doubtless composed
her epitaph, and was proud of it. But un
less he were famous for yong -voyages, it
is probable that he could steer his ship. It
not his pen, on a less round-about conrw
to its destination.
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