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title: 'The St. Louis Republic. (St. Louis, Mo.) 1888-1919, September 15, 1901, PART I, Image 1',
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THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC, f
"W-OLID'S 1003 FAIR. L.
Thttt Newt Section Coadk
Section and Magazine.
COPYRIGHTED, 1301. BY PUBLISHERS: GEORGE KNAPP & COMPAKT.
ST. LOUIS. MO., SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1901.
PRICE FIVE CENTS."
I THEODORE ROOSEVELT HAS TAKEN
OATH OF OFFICE.
h .-. .
THE CEREMONY WAS CONDUCTED
BY JUDGE JOHN R. HAZEL.
ROOSEVELT WILL CONTINUE TO CARRY OUT
THE POLICY LAID DOWN BY M'KINLEY.
BnlTalo, Sept."l4. Theodore Roosevelt
ted States by United States Judge Hazel. In the 4'llcox residence. Buffalo, at
3:40 o'clock this afternoon. In taking the oath of office Colonel Roosevelt said:
"In this hour of deep and national bereavement I wish to state that It shall
be my nlra to continue nlmolntely nnd 'nHhont variance the pol-
Ipy of rrculdeat McKlnley for the pence and prosperity and honor
of onr beloved country."
Fajs Visit of Condolence to Grief-Stricken Widow of His Predecessor
Before He Is Sworn In Oath Is Administered at the Home
of President Roosevelt's Friend, Mr. Wilcox.
PRECAUTIONS TAKEN TO GUARD
Buffalo. X Y., ScpU .11. Theodore Roose
velt has taken the oath of office.
The obligation was administered by Fed
eral Judge John R. Hazel at the Wilcox
Mr. Roosevelt came on a special train
over the New York-Central Railroad, which
had brought him at the topmost speed
from Albany, where- he had arrived this
-morning from the Adirondacks.
The President took the oath at 3:10 o'clock
at the home of Ansiey Wilcox. The oath
of office was administered to Mr. Roosevelt
by District Judge. John R. Hazel of the
United States Court of Appeals.
Mr. Roosevelt was escorted from the sid
ing, where the train stopped, to the Wilcox
house, by the Fourth Signal Corps,
mounted, under command of Lieutenant
Colonel Chapln of Major General Roe's
Mr. Wilcox and Mr. Roosevelt's secretary,
W. B. Loeb. were In the' carriage with him.
A big crowd Immediately surrounded the
Wilcox house, and police guards were sent
HE VISITS MRS. McKINLEY.
There were no visitors except George Ur
ban and John Scatcherd, who simply paid
their respects to the President. The Presi
dent took -a 'bath. . changed- his clothes,
donned a silk hat, and, without waiting for
luncheon, hastened out and got Into .a wait
ing carriage, accompanied by Mr. Wilcox.
The horses Were Immediately lashed into a
gallop, a mounted policeman' on each side
of the carriage spurring .to keep up.
Tbe carriage was-foliowediby another.- In
which -were Secret-Service--Agents Foster,
Ireland and.' Gallagher. ... .
The crowd of 'watchers about the MUburn
Iiouse. -where the" de'ad .president lay;, ere
, startled: t)fr"thei -clatter'- of 'vhopfs 'at; 2:SS,
o'clock, as. the cavalcade .dashed up the
Mr. Rotascvelt, Jumped out of th" mrr- "
as It drew up at the entrance of the M31
.burn house, and. with his hat In bis hand,
'walked alone up to "the bouse. The Presi
dent stayed in the house only a few mln
' utes.At 255 o'clock he came out. re-entered
- the carriage and was .driven rapidly "to the
.Wilcox residence again.
' ' Twenty-minutes later the members of the
Cabinet party started ror the Wilcox resi
dence. - '
Prennres to Take the Oath.
When Mr. Roosevelt, after his return
from' the MUburn residence,, entered the.
Wilcox house,' -he went into the parlor.
There he was met by his secretary, with
whom he had a short talk. The various
guests began to'af rive quickly,
The members of the Cabinet, accompanied
by Secretary Cortelyou. were the last to.
reach" the Wilcox residence.. As soon as
they entered they -were escorted to the
library "and ranged around the room. Secre
tary Root stood with, his back to the win
dows, -and . Secretary Cortelyou, Mr. Mil
burn, and Attorney General Knox, stood by
.his side. The other members of-the Cabinet
stood facing the men onthe opposite 'side.
- .The guests ranged themselves in the" rear
of the room, and some, in order to get a
better view, sat on the. edge of .one of the
book cases. Senator. X)epew stood to .one
aide,, wnlle. Judge Hazel, ."who administered
the oath of office, stood near an alcove on
the south' side of the room.
Felt the Responnllilllly.
"All -was perfect silence In the room and
every face was grave. Secretary Root 'stood
with bowed head and seemingly depressed."
Secretary Long- seemed nervous "and de
pressed. All the Cabinet members seemed to feel
keenly the great .toss of:Presldent McKlnley.
-At 335 o'clock' "Vice .President. Roosevelt
entered by. the rear doorl He was grave
and very nervous. His mouth twitched and
he seemed to feel the grave responsibility
be was" about to assume.
He -shook hands with the members of the
Cabinet silently, with Senator Dcpew, Sec
retary Cbrt'elypu- and Mr. MUburn. Then
he held a whispered conference, with Sec
' retary Root for a .minute or'so. Both were
very much in earnest and clasped hands at
its close. .
Then Judge. Hazil took the Vice Presi
dent' aside, showed him the official-oath' of
.office, asdV.after.a moment's conversation;
Mr. Roosevelt stepped to the center of the
floor and then moved to tire south, almost
alongside Secretary Long and facing Sec
retary. Root. He was still nervous, but held
his head' high and advanced his position
slightly. " '
Secretary Root advanced two paces, and,
after a moment's hesitation, began to speak.
His voice was choked and lie spoke in a
low tone and very slowly. Clasping, his
hands behind his back and looking at "the
Vice President, he said:
" "Mr. Vice,. President, I have - been re
quested by all the members of (he Cabinet
" of .the late President, all of whom are pres
ent ini the city of 'Buffalo except-two, to re
quest that for reasons of weight affecting
the. administration of the Government,- you
should proceed without delay to .take the
-constitutional office, of .President of the
United States." j -
"There. was dead silence. In the room as"
Secretary ..Root finished.
The Vice" President, then said in a low but
.Will Coatlnne. McKlaley'a Policy..
- 'Mr. Secretary, I snail-tike ihe oath
office at ones at the request of 'the.raeni-
-. - hers, of the Cabinet, and In this hour of-
iiRy.ucnannBu;.um national sorrow, x
,, wish"' 'to' sUte'thit'.lt shall be my aim 'xo
,-' continue absolutely'vnbroken the" policy of
?' ..' Presldent'McKlnJey for the peace, .the pros-
.- parity and the honor of our beloved coua-
Iv-ii.'; '"' 7V - j -ft y .f
.-&"'. -:! lullifl IttfTI hant ftTfiA' a(A. tiat-
tS?:sHJM:WOol?Yontimabsomtely unbroken the
:.r. .. b s ..TTf ,i ii . . w mite.. ii. nw
: ..,i-.H;.f..-if.i-u;v .j. -. ,.H.rw -tji-i:.'--itiv. :: -..'?
was sworn In as President of the Unl-
THE NEW CHIEF EXECUTIVE.
It strongly, pausing 'after it, as It were, to
give it greater weight.
As he finished Judge Hazel stepped for
ward to administer the oath. Mr. Roose
velt raised his right hand and In a firm,
strong tone repeated after him the oath of
office, closing with emphasizing the phrase
"Thus do I swear."
The- scene was an historic one as the
newly made President stood still with up
lifted hand, having finished the oath and
turning gravely, bowed to the members of
the late President's Cabinet.
Cabinet Asked to Remain.
President Roosevelt asked the Cabinet
members to remain in office temporarily
till he issues a proclamation.
When the oath was administered the fol
lowing were present In the library of the
Senator Depew, Judge John R. Halght.
Judge John N. Scatcherd, Mr. and Mrs.
Ansiey Wilcox. Miss Wilcox. George Ur
ban, George P. Sawyer, Doctor R. D.
Mann. Doctor Roswell Park. Doctor
Charles Cory. William Jeffers.' R. C.
Mr. and Mrs. Carleton Spragole, Mr. and
Mrs. John G. MUburn, Mr. and Mrs.
Charles Cory. William Jeffers. R.- C.
Scatcherd, J. D. Sawyer. W. B. Roosevelt.
Judge John R. Hazel. William Loeb. Jr.;
George B. Cortelyou, Doctor Mann, Secre
tary Wilson, Secretary Hitchcock, Attorney.
General Knox, Secretary Root, Postmaster
General C. E. Smith.
Description of Wilcox Home.
The house in which the President took the
oath of office Is a picturesque old mansion
of colonial style, built some time back In .
the 30s, and standing upon ground once, the
property of the "United 'States Government.
It was., used, for some time jib army , head-,
quarters. While the house has been added
,to and Improved! It'.has not been allowed to
lose any of Its colonial charm. The room
in which the oath -was taken Is celled high,
in dark oak, the floor heavily polished and
the only bit of relief to it Is a bay win
dow set In palms and relieved with stained
glass. Jt was in this embrasure that the
.President and Judge Hazel stood when the
.oath was administered.
Immediately following the dispersing of
the spectators after' the taking of. the' oath
the President asked the Cabinet members
present to confer with him. The confer
ence lasted nearly two hours, and when it
was finished the President said to the As
sociated Press reporter:
"Following on the brief statement I made
when taking the oath', that I would follow
the administrative lines laid, down by Fres- J
ident McKlnley, I requested the members
of the Cabinet who were present to remain
In their positions at least for the present.
They have assured me that they will, and
I. may say that I have assurance also from
the' absent members."
Will Sot Call Congress Together.
Inquiry was madeof the President as to
whether an extra session of Congress would
be called by him, and he said that there
.was no fundamental law requiring the call
ing of Congress together upon the succes
sion of a Vice President to the presidency,
.and that after consultation with the Cabi
net they had decided that no such extra
session would be called. The President,
after the meeting of the Cabinet, saw a
few personal friends, and then, putting on
his hat, said to Secretary Root:- "Let 'us
take' a. little walk: It will do us both goodl"
Secretary Root assented and. they walked
out on the porch. His host, Mr. Ansiey
"Sir. President, shan't I go along with
The President- said:
. "No, I am going -to take a short walk up
the street with Secretary Root, and will
Refused Police Attendance.
When he got down to the foot of the walk
a couple of police and a couple" of .detec
tives in citizen's clothes started to' follow
him. He turned and told his secretary to
tell them that he did not desire any protec
tion. "I do not want to establish a precedent
of going about guarded." he said:
The policemen and detectives touched
"their hats, but before he had gone' 100 yards
two of them, were walking Just behind him
and two of them were following him on
the other side of the street. The two dis
tinguished men attracted but little attention
until they got near the police lines on Dcla-.
ware avenue, when, a9 the President
stopped to shake hands and say good-by
to Secretary Root, some of the crowd. rec
ognized him and he was surrounded. The
police drove the crowd back and the Presl-
oent, accompanied by Colonel Bingham.-
wno joined him, and watched also by his
former military--secretary at. Albany,
Colonel. George Curtis Tredweli, walked
briskly back to the Wilcox mansion..
He announced later that he would not,
leave the city until Monday morning, when
the funeral train Is to leave. "
MAY BECOME CONSERVATIVE.
Representative Cochran Hopes
Roosevelt Will Tone Down a Bit.
RErUBlid tPECIAIj. 4
Washington, SepC 14. Representative C.
:.H. Cochran: .of St, Joseph, is here to. look
"after "an accumulation -of business before
the "Interior and the Post Office depart
ments; As the Government business Is par
tially suspended for- the time- being,';-MrJ
Crichran:probably wUl remain here atsee'k.
; Mr. Cochran believes 'that the presidential
.office will tend to make Mr. Roosevelt-Bjpre'.
.vyueuvaifvc man .no oudkd .nereiostCCg'
and that he will win; the confidence of the
business Interests; - -,. J
rMr.Booscvelt. said he, "is ahtnHun
.. I..A1UU..I &. - WMMMtM 4ir . Mn kh uiik . .
quantity and one who prophesies what he
will do as President ha.s little to guide him.
From some of his past performances It
might appear that he would be Wrongly in
clined to the spectacular; but. after all, he is
a ni:ih "of much more than ordinary ability
In every direction and the presidential olllcc
will have a sobering effect upon him.
"Yielding himself bodily to his natural
propensities. Mr. Roosevelt would, so to
Kpcak. rrect a grand stand in comparison
witli which the tower of Babylon would be
a mole hill, and his administration would
be. characterized, by stage settings with
spectacular effects. This is the natural bent,
nnd inclination of the past Mr. Roosevelt.
Rough Rider, cowboy, lion killer and master
of the art of self-advertising.
"But it by no means follows that as chief
magistrate the incoming President will In
dulge his natural Inclinations. This Is a.
I great country, and its chief executive tills
the biggest office tho world has ever placed
In human hands. Its responsibilities are
vast, its duties solemn and impressive. I
believe and hope that President Roosevelt's
administration will signalize the abandon
ment of his former ways and the applica
tion of common sen.se to the conduct of
public affairs. I regard him as a man of
great ability nnd naturally patriotic and
proud of bis country and countrymen. The
mournful and solemn auspices of his in
duction Into office, no less than the inherent
patriotism of the American people, will In
cline all classes to fervently hope for a
satisfactory administration of the Govern
ment for the next throe and a half years."
RECALLS ARTHUR'S ACCESSION.
He Issued a reclamation and Con
vened the Senate.
Washington, Sept. 11. At this time tho
facts relating to the accession of Chester A.
Arthur to the presidency are of recullar In
On September 22. three days after Garfield
died. President Arthur came to Washington
and took the oath of office, which he had al
ready taken in New York on the 20th, when
notified of Garfield's death. After being
sworn in. President' Arthur delivered a brief
Inaugural address. In which he said:
Tlie wisdom of our fathers, foreseeing even the
most dire possibilities, made sure that the Gov
ernment should never be Imperiled because of tho
uncertainty of human life. Men may die. but the
fabrics of our free institutions remain unshaken.
No higher or more assuring proof could exist of
the strength and permanence of popular govern
.ment. than the fact that, though the chosen of
the people be struck down, his constitutional
successor Is peacefully- Installed without shock or
train., except the sorrow which mourns the be
reavement. The gloom and anxiety which have en?hrouJd
the country must make repose especially wel
come "now. No demand for speedy leslslaiton-has
been heard:, no adequate occaslon-ls apparent for
'an unusual session of Congress. The Constitu
tion defines the functions and powers of the
executive as' clearly as those of ' either of the
other two departments of the Government, and ho
must answer-for th Just exercise of the discre
tion it permits and the performance, of the duties
On the same day President Arthur ap
pointed a day of mourning (four days later)
for his predecessor. On tho next day. Sep
tember 23) he Issued a proclamation con
vening the Senate in extraordinary session
for the purpose of electing a President pro
tern, of the body, none-having been chosen
while Vice President Arthur was In office.
One of President Arthur's first acts was to
ask all the members of the Garfield Cabinet
to retain their places' until the regular meet
ing of Congress. In December. This they
did. with the exception of William WIndom,
Secretary of the Treasury, who resigned at
once to become a candidate for Senator
from Minnesota. In December an entirely
new Cabinet, with the exception of Robert
T. Lincoln', Secretary of War, was ap
pointed. TRYING TASK FOR CORTELYOU.
Private Secretary Entirely Devot
ed to His Dead Chief.
Buffalo. N. Y., Sept, 14. The devotion to
duty of Private Secretary George B. Cortel
you, during the long painful days that came
between the shooting and the death of Pres
ident .McKlnley offers one of the most striking-
features of the historic tragedy.
When the chief fell wounded. Secretary
Cortelyou" was practically forced to fill a
part of the vacant place, nnd assume nil of
Its responsibilities. He was at the side of
the President when Leon Czolgosz fired the
murderous shots, and upon him rested the
Immediate responsibility of. Issuing the or
der for the surgical -operation that was per
formed at the emergency hospital.
When Mr. McKlnley came from the oper
ating table It fell to Mr. Cortelyou to make
arrangements for-his shelter and care, and
from that time to the end he was called
upon to pass Judgment upon every grave
question that arose, except the technical,
medical and surgical matters' In connection
with the case of the wounded chieftain.
He stood between the sickroom and the
world as far as information on the progress
of the case was concerned, and' the place
called for the most delicate Judgment;
In addition to his official connection with
the dying' President, It was! his duty -to
supervise all of the private, personal af
fairs of his superior. The exactions of his
'pcsitlon kept him. on his feet for three
days after the President was shot, and from
then until the last the rest .he got he took
In brief periods of rarely over two hours'
In addition. to the work which he could
do by verbal direction, the executive cor
respondence by mall and wire trebled ftnd
quadrupled. It exceeded that of any otlie'r
period In the public life of Mr. McKlnley,
Including the days that succeeded both his
first ."and second elections. It. seemed that
Mr. 'Cortelyou must fall in tlie mere phy
sical task of handling it. but no physical
exaction seemed too great for him.
Newspaper mcii who watched and waited
with him were driven -by sheer exhaustion
to .seek reiresnment, but h went on with
Iron endurance that never failed. Fatigue did
not impair his. clear Judgment or alter the
perfect poise' of his personal bearing. He
was ever- calm and ever courteous to the
.thousands of .persons with whom he came
in contact. .His personal affection for his
chief was complete, and the President's
ueatn was a grievous snock to him. He has
not faltered, however, and still stands In the
place that he- must occupy .until the last
offices have been performed at the grave of
"NO TIME FOR POLITICS."
Richard Croker. Adds His Tribute
of Grief'and Symnathv.
. .New York. Sept. 14. Richard .Crpker- was
a., proseus, v.i ure steamship Lucania.
which"arrlved here from Liverpool to-day.
He would not discuss politics '.
"When tbef whole 'American , nation Is
filled with sorrow at the imiin.itr .ih nt
onr chief magistrate it is not tfee to talk
politics, he gala. . r
.-.unaer, uin greai arnictlon that has. be
It&'lS'&ttfFESfS? Republicans stand
covered .-neaos. allocked an -a.-.iws
KK .vna max mmmmm mtmam .
.......--. '-.. . 7-- ..u UKIUIMIH
K Ml TV'vN' - J nLLLLLLLnBns f? lnnMBOpJ i-t . 'ansngWOfr' yF m 3 n
MBS. THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
While her husband rtras taking the oath of office as President of tin;
United States, She was traveling to her home at Oyster Bay in a
day coach in charge of her babies, without escort' and unnoticed
by passengers. &
PRESIDENTS WIFE AND HER BABIES
TRAVELED WITHOUT ESCORT ON SLOW TRAIN.
REPUBLIC SPECIAL. t ' ' .
' Saratoga, N. Y., Sept. II. No greater contrast could bo Imagined than that
between the spectacular,- mete,orlo flight of -.the President out of the -Adiron-
docks early this morning and the quiet, unostentatious departure of the new
"first lady of tlie land" this evening, with only her children and their nurse for
escort, seated In the ordinary day coach of tho slow local train that comes
down to Saratoga from North Creek every evening.
Mrs. Roosevelt nttractcd so little attention on the crowded train. In her slm-
pie traveling gown, that few of her fellow-passengers were aware of her Iden-
Tho magnificent private car of the new President, the huge special engine,
disdainfully rushing past the little groups of trackmen that guarded every 4
switch and trestle, conveyed an Irresistible, Impression pf power and state. The
simply dressed lady, witli tho delicate, refined face, surrounded by curly-headed
children, deeply engrossed in picture papers, jostled and elbowed by the very
mixed throng that fill a country local, was, on tho ether hand, the acme of Jef-
fersonian simplicity. '
The plan of Mrs. Roosevelt nnd the children was to take the Empire State
Express for New York at Albany and proceed to Oyster Bay at once.
"FIRST LADY OF THE LAND."
Wife of the New President, While Preferring a Quiet Home Life, Is
Perfectly Equipped for the Social Duties of Her High Sta- '
tion The President's Pamilv.
Washington, Sept. 14. Mrs. Roosevelt,
while In Washington, when nor husband
was the Assistant Secretary of the Navy,
gained the reputation of the most retiring
woman in the official set. Her friends, say
that, even as the first lady of the land,
she- will not yield her tastes for domestic
ity. Nevertheless, the traditions of Wash
ington are such that much is expected in
a social way when a New' York woman is
mistress of the. White' House. Martin Van
Burcn was the-first President to make the
social life of .the capital a feature of his
administration, nnd his example was ably
followed by Presidents Arthur and Cleve
land. Dlnrnineil, Well I'olsed, .Gentle.
Mrs. Roosevelt is eminently fitted for her
lofty station.- She Is dignified, well poised
and gentle. All the Roosevelt family con
nections are aristocratic. Not since Mrs.
McElroy and the Frellnghuyscns led the so
cial llfu of Arthur's administration has
Washington felt tho Influence of women
nbrolutcly to the manner, bom.
Mrs. Roosevelt has live children, three
boys and two girle. Of 'these. Miss Alice
will make her debnt as soon as the official
period cf mourning Is finished. It had been-
Intended that her comins out party would
occur in" November, at the Bellamy Storr
mansion, which Mr. Roosevelt leased lait
tiprlng. This houpe i situated on the south
east corner of Seventeenth street and
Rhodo Island avenue. Mrs. Roosevelt In
tended to move here next month, and al
ready the house had been receiving a thor
ough overhauling in preparation for this
event. These plans 111. of course, be aban
doned, although the opinion is freely ex
pressed that the new President and his. fam
ily will not go to the White Houtc for the
President Arthur lived at ths Butler man
sion, near the Capitol, nearly a year .after
Garfield's death, but this Is In no. wise, a
precedent, because the Executive Mansion
at that time needed extensive repairs. A
certain amount of time Is necessary, -however,
for Mrs. McKlnley to remove her per
sonal property,, and Mr. Roosevelt's deli
cacy of feeling will prompt him not to ob
trude upon -her privacy.
Slaters of the President.
the 'new" President has two sisters. Mrst
William S. Cowlcs. wife of Captain Cowles.
or the navy,- and Mrs. uougias Robinson of
New York. Mrs.Cowles has resided in" this
city for the past three years, and Is an
acknowledged leader In the high social,
set. Mrs. Robinson spent much "time here
when, her brother was In; official life; She
is a stately woman, of remarkable, ability
and is likely to become a power during this
regime. Besides being the sister to ths
President, she is Mrs. Roosevelt's most lni
Emlen Roosevelt, a brother of the Presi
dent, -married' a 'sister of Senator Mean of
'Nr Jtan: and this comieoni-wuibriag '
forward the Mean family. Miss Emily
Mean Roosevelt and her cousin, Alice, the
President's daughter, are unusually det
ted. and Miss Emily will doubtless spend
much time at the White House
Mlsi Helen Roosevelt, a handsome young
W"nan,'.?;hose mot"er l the daughter of
Mrs William Astor. and who Is a cousin
to the President, has spent several sea
sons here as the guest of Mrs, Cowles.
White Home Children.
President Roosevelt is the youngest exec
utive who .ever presided over the "United
States, and he is the second who has
brought small children into the White
House. The little Clevelands were too young
to attract much attention. The Roosevelt
family range's from 18 to 3JJ vears, and nil
are calculated to make their Impress on the
public mind. The eldest boy, Theodore Jr
Is wonderfully like his father, even to the
manner of carrying himself, smiling nnd
to the wearing of spectacles.
M'KINLEY AND ROOSEVELT.
General Alger Contrasts the Men
and Their Methods.
Detroit. Mich., Sept. H.-"Do you think
that Colonel Roo-.evelt's succession to the
presidency will change the policy of the
Government very' much?" was asked of ex
Sccrelary of War Alger to-day. He re
plied: "I see. no good reason for believing that
It will. Congress makes the policies of our
Government and not the President. The
changing of the Incumbent of the presiden
tial chair, "stirh n. is made now. Is not of
very great Importance, because the policy
of the Government at the present time I?
dependent upon no one 'man,
'President Roosevelt, I am surelv satis
fied, is equal to all the responsibilities of
the great office to which he has been" so un
expectedly elevated, and, while he has been
a pretty aggressive public man In the past,
he will make- a conservative chief executive
of the nation. In tho natural mum. r
events we may look for. some Important
changes in the heads of departments, but-
me ijuji.-j ui .tuu uuKcrnnieni, win remain'
unchanged. In my Judgment."-
Speaking of his long personal acquaintance
with President. McKlnley, General Alger
"Mr, McKlnley was never, by reason of1
his position,. given to coercing others to his
point of view of things. By persuasion
alone he would try to bring men around to
his way of thinking. He was firm; though,
in his opinions and without yielding in 'any
degree, he would, In his discussions of pub
lic matters coming before him, argue and
persuade, rather than try' to 'drive."
SIRS: CORNELIA MARSH.
REPUBLIC SPECIAL. '
Oulncy. I1L-. SeDt. 14 Mri rv,-r,it-
'Marsh, aged -74 years, died to-night. She;
was the' widow of the late Judre William-
Marsh and had resided, hero forty-seven I
MKiNLEY'S DEATH CAUSED BY
GANGRENE, RESULT OF A WOUND.
At tlie Autopsy Siiifji'tins Failed to Find the Second Bullet Doctor
Kcswell Park Defends the I'oui.-e of Treatment Administered
by Attending Physicians Official Report Declares Ev
ery Possible Aid of Science Was Rendered. '
MISSILE WHICH CAUSED DEATH PASSED THROUGH KIDNEY.
r OFFICIAL REPORT OF
V - - --
I REMAINS OF THE DEAD PRESIDENT.
-Miilnini House. BuITnlo. Sept. 1 1. Tlie following report of the autopsy,
? f.poii the remains of I'rcsideM MrKInley was iswed :it 5 o'clock:
Tlie bullet which .--truck over Hie
skin :ii:il illil little lui:-i:i. Tin oilier
stomach near its lower bonier, lloth holes were found to be perfectly- closed
J by the stitches, but the ;isne :iioi,inl well hole hail become gangrenous.
X After iiaMMiiL- through tlie stomneh the bullet p:i.-'.seil Into the hack walls of '.
! X the abdomen, hitting and tearing the upper end of the kidney. This portion ;
I of the bullet track was also gangrenous, the gangrene involving the pan-
cutis'. The bullet has not yet been founti.
There was no sign of peritonitis or tlisease of other organs. The heart
walls were very tliiii. There was no evidence of any attempt at repair oa .
the part of nature anil death resulted from the gangrene which affected the ',
stomach nrouiiil the bullet wounds as well as the tissues around the farther '
i-outse of the bullet. Death was unavoidable by any surgical or medical
treatment ami was tlie direct result of the bullet wound.
HAHVET D. CAYI-OUD. M. D..
HERMAN G. MATZINGEK. M. D..
P. M. RIXEV. M. V..
MATTHEW D. MANN. 11. D..
HERMAN MTNTEIS. St. D..
ROSWELL, PARK. 11, I)..
EUGENE WASDIN. M. D.
CHARLES G. STOCKTON. M. D.,
Buffalo. N. Y.. Sept, R Doctor Wasdln,
leaving the MUburn house after the autopsy
on the President's body to-day. said:
"The autopsy shows that death was
caused by toxaemia, due to necrosis of tls
.sucs In the abdominal cavity.
"The bullet was. r.nt found. Further
search will be mad for It In the muscles
of the back."
The bullet which s'truck over McKlnley'i)
l.reast-hone did not pars through the. skin
and did little harm. The other- bullet
passed through both wall! of the stomach
near Its lower border. Both holes were
found to" be perfectly closed by the Stitches,
but the tissue around each hole? had b;come
gangrenous. After passing through the
stomach the bullet entered the back walls
of th abdomen, hlttlnc nnd tearing the up
per end of the kidney. This portion of the
bullet track was also gangrenous, the gan
grene involving the pancreas.
Doctor Myntcr left the "MUburn building
at 2:30 o'clock. He said:
Ballet Penetrated Kldne;-.
"The assassin': bullet from what our ex
aminations demonstrated, passed first
through the abdomen, then on and through
the front and back of tlie stomach: From
there- it tore through the mesyntory of the
colon transversum, notched off a corner, of
the left kidney and passed' through the rear
wall of the peritoneum; after that' it disap
peared In the muscles of the back, and we.
could get no trace of Its resting-place. It1
would not have been possible to cut I3 and
"The President's stomach was amply cap
able of retaining what food was given him.
but tho gangrenous spots In the wall of the
organ were working the mischief. Had he
survived the night I am satisfied that to
day would have found these mortified por
tions falling away, dropping the contents
of the stomach into the abdomen, and then
death would have ensued quickly.
"Most assuredly, the solids given him
worked not one whit of harm. We only
permitted him to have a few nibbles of
toast, that he might chew on them and re
move the secretions from his tongue. It
was absolutely necessary and worked no In
jury. The coffee was beneficial, what little
he had of It. I give coffee as a stimulant
where people suffer from heart trouble."
An unofficial version of the autopsy's
result wan: "The Introduction of toxic agen
cies In the blood through disintegration of
tissue, in the region of the abdominal
rteferrlns to the general impression which
seems prevalent, that the late President was
overfed while In. no condition to assimilate
food. Doctor Roswell Park said to-day:
"In regard to the. exaggerated reports
which have been circulated regarding the
amount of food administered by the'mouth.
after the rectum became so Irritated that
.food could no longer bo administered and
retained, I have this to say: The piece of
toast which has been mentioned so often
was about that size"' (Indicating a fragment
about an inch and a half square). eThe
President did not have a cupful of-chicken
broth, a piece of toast, and a cup of coffee
all at one time.
"Tho fact Is; It was necessary to give
nourishment, and since we could not give
It per rectum. It became absolutely necesr
sary to give 'It by the mouth. The liquid
nourishment was given in minute quanti
ties not even by teaspoonfuls at first, but
with a' medicine dropper."
Doctor Park said of the death-bed scene:
"The end was peacef ul ., and free from
pain. I heard the last rational words spoken
by the President. After repeating 'Nearer.
my God, to thee' two or three times, ha
said: 'That is the Inextinguishable prayer.
That is my prayer.' "
Ballet Lost ! tlie Mascles.
Doctor Purk, speaking of the probable
direct cause of the President's death, sail!:
"Apparently the bullet, after passing
through the stomach, penetrated to the
pancreatic gland, though we were not able
to dlicover this fact whUe the President
The ball cut a.'small groove through
an edge of the left kidney and then reached
the. pancreas, afterward imbedding Itself
fomewhere In the muscles or tissues of the
"There -was"'nothlng to Indicate that the
pancreas' had been struck by the bullet In
the'examlnatlors that were made at the
time of .the first operation. After- the wound
and 'incision made .Jy. the operating sur
geons had been closed it seems that -the
pancreas fluid escaped steadlIytnto the sys
tem. Of course there, was no way for u to
'know 'this- or' we shoaUt-hava discovered
.Mime tra'ca of tn fact. ,5?a eqalt aot cut-
AUTOPSY UPON !
iMcus-lbcm; did not pass through the
hull.-t p;:tsetl through both walls of the X
EDWARD G. JANEWAY.
m. d.. '
W. W. JOHNSON. M. D.
W. r. KENDALL.
'Surgeon V- S. Army.
CHARLES CART. M. D..
EDWARD L. MUNSON.
Afst. Surgeon. TJ. S. Army.
HERMANUS L. BAER. II. D..
through to where the ball had Imbedded
itself and trace Its course backward from
"The pancreas fluid, which properly aid's
in the assimilation of starchy stuffs, flowed
conrtantly from the wound and was ab
sorbed tiy the tissues. It reached the veins
and through them the heart. It likewise
provoked gangrene of the tissues. No. tho
use of the X-ray would not have aided la
the-dlscoverylof 'this trouble."''
rrrsIdentRenlUed His Condition.
"Did the possibility of the pancreas hav
ing; been entered "by the hullct ever enter
into the calculations of the. surgeons when
they were In consultation T'
"Not.untll the Prealdent'took the turn for
worse, after he .had taken the solid food on, -
Wednesday. Then it 'was discussed in a
negative fashion and was regarded as
among the possibilities. In any-event there
was no method by which we could have
discovered th fact. The President realized
that there was no hope for his recovery' at
least forty-eight hours before . he passed
away. Ho was never told by those at hi
side that they knew he cnuld not live. Tha
X-ray was Brought to the house only wltli
the Idea of having It near and in readiness)
should the occasion arise for its use. W
did not find that It could help us at any
Doctor Park did not explain how Presi
dent McKlnley knew that he was beyond
recovery at a time when the physicians wera
sending1 out favorable bulletins and all but
announcing he was out of danger. It is
said that Doctor Park believes that there
Is a strong probability that the bullet shot
Into President McKlnley .was first poisoned,
by Czolgosz, the assassin.
STEVENSON VOICES REGRET.
Former Vice President's Tribute ta
Bloomlngton. Bl.r Sept. 14. President Mc
Kinley's death was learned by former Vie
President Aldal E. Stevenson with tha
deepest grief. "Ke spent the night recetvtns;
bulletins from the deathbed, and when tha
final one came announcing the fatal ter
mination, he was profoundly affected.
When asked for an expression concerning
the President's death. Mr. Stevenson gava
.out the following:
"I am deeply grieved to learn of the death
of President McKlnley. My acquaintance t
with him began thirty years ago. when we .
were associated In Congress. .Our personal .
(relations then, and since have been most 1
cordial. I. recall with pleasure many kind- '
nesses shown to me. He was In the high- f
est sense a gentleman. His creed in action
ytsm,' 'There Is nothing so kingly as kind- 1
"Blameless and tender In private life;
patriotic In all his Impulses: of personal In- j
tegrlty never questioned, and faithful in the
discharge of public duties, he will live in j
the grateful remembrance of his country-
"It Is a sad thought, one that gives vm
pain, that in this land of liberty and of
law, that there seems to be no absolute
safeguard for our executive against the bul
lets of the assassin. For the third time)
within a brief span this thought comes to
us by a fearful object lesson.
"Every stringent precaution possible by
way of wise legislation should be .taken.
Let it be" proclaimed In terms that all can.
understand that, while this is' none the less
the land of. law, we have no place for' these, t
whose Instrumentalities are. the. bullet and ;
.the dagger) whose aim Is the assassination j
of rulers and' the destruction of govern-
DAVID B. HILL
"He Was a Model Citizen in AIM
Life's Belations." $
Albany, N. -Y Sept It. Former Seenator 71
David B. Hill to-day gave out a long inter- fr, ?J
view to' the TimesUnlon, In which he sayst
"Every good citizen laments the death t
Death by assassination is always terri- .
b!e; and the country Is to-day staggering
under the severe shock.
"The President deserved' to live. He tram
Just entering upon a career-of usefulness!
greater .than lte, had .'ever known before.
-As an official he was distinguished as sate
and conservative, always rvuo tu lesuevt
the popular wiii. nc; . . n... ...
in all ,hls. relations of- life.
"He had shown, his greatness and patriot-
inn ranis recent anooanceraent mat
.no circumstances would he tolerate toe
gestlon of a -third trza,for th prMey.i
thereby loyally adartc to tfta MR tMM
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