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THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. M'AT 18, 1D02.
THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC.
PUBLISHERS: GEORGE KNAPP & CO.
Charles W. Knapp, President and Gen. Mcr.
George L, Allen, Vice President.
XV. B. Carr. Secretary.
Office: Corner Seventh and Olive Streets.
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Editorial Reception-Room rark 1D5 A STe
tcrnation.il gathering. The developments of the ap
proaching conference will, therefore, be awaited with
great interest. There can he little doubt that the uul
versal sentiment in favor of peace is growing stronger
year by year. Optimists perceive in this truth a prom
ise of the early coming of the day when w:ir shall Le
SUNDAY, MAY IS, 1002.
CIRCULATION DURING APRIL.
Charles V. Knapp, General Manager of The St. Louis
Republic, being duly sworn, says that the actual number of
full and complete copies of the dally and Sunday Republic
printed during the month of April, ISO?, all in regular
editions, was as per schedule below:
6 Sunday 116.180
13 Sunday 117,260
18 , 111.060
20 Sunday 117,780
27 Sunday 117,590
Total for the month 3,349,770
Less all copies (polled In printing, left over or
Net number distributed ., 3,284,625
Averge daily distribntion 103,454
And said Charles XV. Knapp further says that tho num
ber of copies returned and reported unsold during the
month of April was 12.9 per cent.
CHARLES W. KNAPP.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this SOth day of
J. F. PARISH,
Notary Public, City of St. Louis, Mo.
My term expires April 26, 1903.
tTho St. Louis carrier force of Tho Republic
deliver moro than 53,000 copies every day. This
Is nearly four times as many as any other morn
ing newspaper delivery in St. Louis and more
than twice as many as any morning or evening
WORLD'S 1 904 FAIR.
TUB SELFISHNESS OF PAUIS.
Parisian indifference to everything not closely con
nected with Paris was never manifested more typical
ly than in the lack of sympathy for and interest in
the sufferers from the Martinique calamity which lias
touched the world's heart with the deepest pity.
Tho fact that Martinique is a French possession
rind that its people are predominantly French in Mood
FC&ms to have no effect on public sentiment in the
French capital. The unhappy island- is far distant,
its inhabitants are not Parisians, the story of their
iippallln? plight is not "local" and so the matter is
dismissed from the Parisian mind with amazing un
concern. Tho deatli of the aeronaut Scvero, the re
sults of the automobile races, these things engross the
attention of Paris In tho very shadow of the colossal
Characteristic, also. Is the further truth that, with
Paris thus unfeeling, the French people outside of the
capital are-deeply moved and are taking nctive steps
to manifest 'their sympathy in the form of relief for
the Martinique sufferers. It is almost a proverb that
Parisians are the least worthy representatives of their
country, that tho manhood and stamina of the nation
are found in the provinces, and the spectacle now
presented feems to bear out the truth of this asser
tion. The French capital is decadent with the disease
of intense selfishness. A very acuto manifestation of
the malady is now in progress.
WARS AND RACIAL VIRILITY.
Considerable public interest must of necessity at
tach to the eighth annual conference on international
nrbitration. which will be held at Mohonk Lake, N. Y.,
on May 2S-30, inclusive, the meetings to be presided
over by tho Honorable John" W. Foster nnd a large
number of prominent men and women to be in at
tendance. This conference will represent tho American
thought which protests against war as the means of
settling disputes between nations, and which denies
the argument that war is necessary to preserve the
virility of a race. The world's thought in this field
wnB authoritatively voiced, perhaps, at The Hague
Peace Conference a year or more ago, and certain or
ganizations of Peace Societies in various countries now
undertake to so vivify the sentiment in favor of peace
as to materially advance human progress in the di
rection of abolition of war.
Undeniably, as Is shown by the society under whose
auspices the. Mohonk Lake conference will be held, the
principle of arbitration has made great advances dur
ing recent years. The saner reasoning of mankind is
beginning to recognize the truth that fighting and
wholesale killing among the nations is not by any
means the common-sense method of settling disputes.
The contention of the advocates of universal peace is
that, far from preserving the virility of a race, wars
threaten to destroy that virility. They claim that war
Impoverishes a' people by killing the best and bravest
and leaving the coward and the weakling to beget the
next generation. The degenerate races of. tho present
day, it is pointed out, are those which a generation or
more ago were the most masterful, fierce and virile.
The present decadent representatives of these races
are the natural result of the survival of the worst
after tho best had given their lives "to preserve the
virility of the race."
While it seems to the average observer of passing
events that The Hague conference accomplished little
towards Insuring peace in the world, the facts and
figures to be 6ttbmlttdd at the Mohonk Lake conference
are said to prore that)tremendous strides towards uni
versal peace have been made aB a result of that ln-
SPAIN AND THE UNITED STATES.
President Roosevelt's felicitations to the young
King Alfonso of Spain, presented by a tpeci:il Ameri
can envoy to the coronation, will doubtless be re
ceived by that monarch and his people in the same
friendly i-piril which dictated the sending.
When all is said and done, Sp:iin has little reason
to be resentful toward this country on account
of the war of ISflS. The fact of defeat In that
war is, of course, humiliating to Spanish pride, and yet
tho Spanish people may comfort themselves with the
thought that their antagonist was so much larger and
more formidable In men. money, ships and all the
equipment of war that defeat was inevitable from the
beginning. Americans themselves, while recognizing
the justice of the war for the freeing of Cuba, are
not inclined to brag over their victory.
in so far as the Spanish loss of territory is con
cerned, that loss has been a gain of the most tremen
dous benefit to Spain. Cuba had long been a drain
on the national treasury, the successive wars for
Cuban independence costing Spain dearly In blood
and treasure. The Philippines were worthless, and
the ?20,000.000 which Spain received from us for those
islands was clear profit. Little Porto Rico was about
the only valuable possession lost by Spain. Cuba and
the Philippines could not have been gracefully sur
rendered to their insurgent peoples, but to the United
States, a Power infinitely superior to Spain, the sur
render could be made without serious loss of dignity.
Spain lias reason, indeed, to lie grateful to this
country. Since being relieved of the Cuban and Fili
pino dead-weights, Spain has prospered more greatly
than for several generations past. Her revenues are
available for Spanish advantage, instead of being
sunk in interminable colonial wars. The national dis
content caused by these wars has disappeared. Tho
Government and people have been aroused to a mod
ern spirit of progressivencss. There Is now a bright
prospect of material Spanish advance in the near fu
ture. Alfonso and his people should be truly grate
ful to the United States.
A WOMAN UNDER THE RED.
Beyond all possibility of a reassuring doubt to
the contrary, the terrifying story developed by the
arrest of May Wiliard, a St. Louis young woman who
confesses that she has been in the habit of burglariz
ing houses, disguising herself in man's attire, will
strike panic to nil masculine souls.
Waking in the dead of night to espy the ordinary
housebreaker, a burly, low-browed, heavy-jawed ruf
fian, in one's room, is sufficiently frightful to curdle
alriiost any man's blood Into a dish of living blut
wursr or crimson schmierkaese, goodness knows.
Rut to emerge from sweet sleep and fix the
startled gaze upon an intruding shape which all the
disguises In the world cannot prevent from betraying
Its femininity oh, brothers, who among us shall un
dergo this experience and not feel his reason tottering
from the shock?
Miss May Wiliard, professional burglar and male
impersonator, has materialized a Terror of appalling
portent to the masculine soul. For generations wo
have laughed at women because of their timorous
bedtime habit of looking under their couches for a
possible man. It is safe to say that hereafter no St.
Louis man will be able to retire tranquilly without
first having satisfied himself that there is no woman
under his bed.
Even then, alas, his sleep will be fitful and fever
ish because of the fear that ere daylight the woman
.who failed to hide herself under his bed will come to
him through the window!
: .. , .
scientific method. The sooner science and commerce
are in harmony the better for the latter.
There is difficulty in even guessing nt the loss in
time which the uonadoptlon of the metric system
causes. Americans are amazed at the mass uf .alcula
tions which the British merchant must do in the course
of an ordinary day's business. Frenchmen r.nd Ger
mans have just as much reason to wonder at the de
lays which are caused iu this country by laborious
measurements of pints, quarts and buhels.
The chief objection to the adoption of the -netric
system eomes from manufacturers who think of the
initial cost. The changing of machinery to conform
to the new standards would involve :o. outlay, it is
frilo, yet tills would be minimized by a gradual change
during the transitory period.
George Westinghouse thinks that the change could
be made in ten years. There Is sm:e cause to doubt
his estimate, as only two or three years were re
quired before the metric system was in full vogue iir
Austria and Germany. An advantage not to lie over
looked Is that every student in ill'. schools and most
of the younger generation iu this country are familiar
with the metric system. There would have to be no
long period of instruction preceding the formal adop
tion of the new standard. Congress can hardly afford
to delay an official sanction of tills system. The com
mercial needs of the country demand its adopt'on.
SANTOS-DUMONT AND RECKLESS AERONAUTS.
Santos-Dumont's fiual deduction from the teach
ing of the recent airship tragedy iu Paris, that Inex
perienced men should not make hazardous experi
ments with Improperly constructed airships, repre
sents the reasoning of an expert who has not allowed
his scientific enthusiasm to carry him to reckless ex
tremes. To men like Santos must the world look for what
ever practical advance is made In the problem of
aerial navigation. This young leader of the aero
nautic thought and progress of his times fitted him
self for his chosen calling by years of careful and
cautious training. He takes not one unnecessary risk
in his ascensions. His attention to details is marvel
ous. His "nerve" is the result, not of daredeviltry,
but of vigilance and preparedness.
Inevitably, however, the development of balloon
ing must be marked at intervals by such tragedies as
that reported from Paris. Reckless men, fascinated
by the problem of aerial navigation, will assuredly
continue experiments for which they are unfitted nnd
will as surely pay the grim penalty. The results in
their cases, as Santos-Dumout points out, may be
taken simply as a warning against such inexperienced
attempts in a perilous field. If the problem of aerial
navigation is ever to be usefully solved It will be
solved by men of the Santos-Dumont stripe, cool,
courageous, cautious and masters of themselves and
of the vehicles which they use.
PICTURESQUE FEATURES OF
15V Hill HERBERT MAXWELL, BART., M. 1
HEARING MUSIC IN THE DARK.
Chicago music-lovers aro now seriously considering
the advisability, from a high art standpoint, of in
stituting the novel custom of having concerts In- the
dark, the claim being made that in this manner tho
attention, of the listeners can be entirely concentrated
on the music.
In Germany, It is said, this 'has already been done
with eminent success, concerts having been given In
Darmstadt and other places under this condition, the
result being most delightful. In now taking up tho
movement, Chicago claims to be hi reality its leader,
inasmuch as Mr William II. Sherwood of that city
some years ago played Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata
to an audience of 7,000 persons in a perfectly dark
room. His idea was that the spirit of this composi
tion could be best appreciated under such conditions.
As. for his performance, although at first he could not
see a single key on the pianoforte, and but a faint
glimmering of light on the instrument toward the
close, he asserted that the darkness Inspired him with
exceptional power and that it added vastly to the en
joyment of the listeners.
Since the appeal of music Is a sensuous appeal
through the ear. tho argument in favor of doing away
with tlie-distractlon of sight when listening to musical
compositions certainly seems logical. Many persons
even now are in the habit of closing their eyes the bet
ter to enjoy a concert number, finding that thus they
realize to the fullest tho musical appeal. Others make
a point of not looking at the stage, and Ignoring as
far as possible the visible surroundings. Tho advo
cates of the new Idea claim also that there may be
an artistic advantage in a gradation of the light, alle
gro music being accompanied with brilliant Illumina
tion, finales characterized by a twilight effect, while
the slower movements gain effectiveness by being
played in absolute darkness.
Tho most practical objection raised against the pro
position Is that light Is necessary to enable the musi
cians to see the score, but Mr. Sherwood's experience
is cited as proving tho contrary. It must bo con
fessed that there is something decidedly attractive m
the idea of being enabled to concentrate the mind ut
terly on the music at a concert, and the experiment
of giving concerts in the dark should at least attract
keen attention as a novelty. Whether tho practice
would be found so satisfying as to cause a perma
nent departure from the prevailing custom must be
left for experience to decide.
St. Louis will probably receive an additional post
office appropriation of $45,000. This increase is de
served. The demands on the office are much greater
than in the past, while the economical administration
of Tostmaster Baumhoff has made his system the
model of the department. Tim gradual and large gain
in stamp sales during the past few years has been
an index of the city's prosperity. The Government's
appreciation of local needs will be reflected by even
better showings In the future.
In the absence of a precedent authorizing such a
course, tho British Government hesitates to extend in
stant aid to the sufferers by the Martinique disaster.
Why not follow the good example set by the United
States and establish a precedent offhand? No na
tional harm can possibly yome from an act of help
fulness in a case of such dire extremity.
Missouri's showing of gold-medal awards at tho
Charleston Exposition is in splendid keeping with that
made at the Buffalo Pan-American Fair. Whenever
a competitive exhibition of State products is made
in the Union, this State is sure to be a winner. Mis
souri is the richest, most fertile and most prosperous
of the American sisterhood of States.
AN ECONOMICAL SYSTEM.
It is not probable that Congress will pass the bill
approving the metric system for ths country, but
each year the defeat of tills legislation seems to bring
nearer tho inevitable adoption of the decimal meas
urements. As one witness before the House Commit
tee said: "The question, of course, is no longer theo
retical or academic; it is a question of dollars and
cents: it Is a question of trade and commerce."
This concise proposition Is all but granted by otery
thinking manufacturer of this country, especially if
his business extends to other nations. As soon as ho'
steps out of the United States he encounters the
metric system, unless he goes to Great Britain. For
It is remarkable that the two leading nations of the
world are still attached to older fashioned measure
ments. According to estimates furnished to Congress, over
500,000,000 people are now using the netric system.
It must be admitted that the decimal method la .the
Beef Xot a Necessity,
When they decided to Increase the price of beef tho
managers of the Beef Trust explained that tho increase
was Inevitable, because of the scarcity of beef. Now
comes the information through news dispatches that tho
cattlo trade is paralyzed all over the West. From all
quarters tho complaint is made that there is no sale for
cattle, hogs or sheep, and that the buyers and packers
aro telegraphing to their agents not to send any more
until the yards have been cleared of tho stock on hand.
Evidently there was a larger supply than tho men who
tried to control a supposed necessity for their own profit
are willing to admit.
The result demonstrates two things that aro well worth
knowing. In tho first place, meat "three times a day,"
or even once day. Is not tho necessity that It had gen
erally been believed to bo. People can eat something
else and llvo very well lndsed. In the second place, a
lesson such as the people have already taught the Beet
Trust, or combine, or whatever it really may be. Is of
moro value than a victory gained over them by tho Gov
ernment In the courts.
Tho people, by the exerclso of a little control of their
appetite for a meat diet have in a month, it would seem,
demoralized the cattle trado of the great West. The
result Is worth a great deal more than tho abstlncnco hai
cost. Besides. It will be worth a great deal to many
peoplo to have learned that they really do not need so
much meat as they were accustomed to consume. This Is
especially true In tho summer season, nnd so the people, as
a whole, will gain In health and in purse, while tho man
agers of the beef monopoly are being taught lesson by
the people and the courts.
The True Patriotism.
Patriotism, of course. Is only another name for service
to the co untry honestly and faithfully performed. It docs
not consist In florid talk about the flag, in foolish boast
ing about tho country that wo all love. In wild and un
reasoning partisanship, but in tho sober and honest dis
charge of whatever duty falls to our lot and In a slngle
hartcd devotion to tho public good. And In life, as In
the army, good work can be done In any station. Private
nnd General are entitled to the same measure of our love
and gratitude If they do what they are bidden to do
without thought of self. There Is no man so humble but
he can greatly serve the country- A man can be a
patriot without being an officeholder. So the question is
one of subordinating oneself to the general good. We
believe that all of our people would, In a great crisis,
sacrifice themselves and all that they had for the sake of
the nation and its flag. But we want to do these things la
the ordinary affairs of life, and to realize that In such
things as this there Is, In a real sense, no large and small.
"All service ranks the same with God."
nest Men 'Will IVin.
The political parties are so evenly matched In Pettis
County that It Is folly for either to nominate an unfit
or unpopular candidate for office. To do so Is to invite
defeat. Neither party Is strong enough to carry dead
weight and win. A man to win must be something more
than merely competent to fill the ofilco ho seeks. There
are thousands who are that. He must be courteous, gen
tlemanly, popular, and even then he will find It a big
Job to run for office In a populous country like this. The
party that Is most successful In bringing out its most
available men is the party that will fare best at tht polls.
This condition puts a party duty upon every party man
that of helping name the best and strongest candidates
for public positions.
Keep Stirring to Trerent Thickening:.
Washtneton Star. , .,
"At this, point," said the author, "the plot thickens."
"Don't let It do thati"-protested the manager. "Thin
It out If there's anything that annoys the nubile It's a
plot that can't" be seen through at a glance."
KITES AXD CUSTOMS WHICH HAVH
written rort Tim Sunday republjc.
We now turn to consider some of tho
undent practices and ceremonies which will
-ot be seen at the Coronation of Edward
VII and Queen Alexandra, owing to the
services Involved therein having been
waived by their Majesties.
Of tlise, Ly far the moi-t striking, and
one of the most ancient, is the Challenge
by the King's Hereditary Champion, an
otiice now held by Frank Dymoko of
Schrlvelsby. Esquire, as representing the
Marmlons, lords of Schrlvelsby. (pronounced
Screelsby) In IJneolnshire. The family of
11 arm Ion was defended from Robert le Mar
mlon, Seigneur of Kontcnaye in Normandy,
to ivhom William tho Conaueror at his
coming to England granted the Manors
of Tarn worth, Lutterworth, Schrlvelsby and
Skaklngdom. This Seigneur of Fontenaye
held the olllce of champion to the Duke ot
Normandy, which office he was allowed to
transmute to that of King's Champion when
the said Duke s?lzed the Crown of England.
I.iiMt of Mnrintoli.
The last of the Marmlons died in 1132
without male isue, whereupon the manor of
Tamworth parsed through the elder female
lire to the Frevllles. and Schrlvelsby.
though the younger to the Ludlows. and
from them to the Dymokcs. At the Corona
tion of Richard II, In 1377 . Baldwin Frcvllle.
as lord of tho manor of Tamworth. claimed
to discharge the service of champion; but
In 1331 the manor of Schrlvelsby had been
adjudged to be held by Grand Serjeanty,
Involving the obligation to find a knight
who on Coronation Day should prove by
his bodv, if need were, that tho King was
true and rightful hrlr to tho throne. There
fore Sir John Dymoke ot Schrlvelsby. Issued
tbe customary challenge for Richard II and
Just 411 years later. John Dymoko of
Schrlvelsby, being in Holy Orders, deputed
his ron Henry to perform the same office
for George IV. The present Squire of
Schrlvelsby, Frank Dymoke. lias preferred
and mado good his claim to rentier ma
bereditnry service to King Edwara v u. nut
his Majesty haw waived the obligation as
William IV, and Queen Victoria did beforo
nlm. Nevertheless. It may not be uninter
esting to recall the features of tho cere
mony at its last performance when George
IV was crowned In 1S21.
Ancient Rite Abolished.
First, let it bo said, that never -before
had tho ceremony been legally a farce. At
all previous Coronations had anyone taken
up the gauntlet flung down by the cham
pion, there was the ancient statute still In
force to authorize the quarrel being decided
by a duel. But the ancient Judicial rite of
trial by battle had been abolished by the
repealing Act ot 1519. therefore had Dy
moke's challenge been accepted In 1521.
heaven only knows what might have been
the result. Perhaps something similar to
that of the famous occasion when Henry
of Incastcr. Duke of Hereford, afterwards
Henri' IV. challenged Thomas Mowbray.
Duke of Norfolk, to do battle as a traitor
In presence of King Richard II. in the year
133. The lists were duly set at Coventry,
the King was present with a force, says
the chronicler, ot 10.000 men to prevent a
riot, when the two Dukes rode Into the ring,
with beavers closed, splendidly mounted and
accoutred, ready to do their utmost to kill
one another. Their spears were already In
rest, when the King cast down his baton,
and caused the two Dukes to dismount,
while he deliberated with his Privy Council.
After a consultation lasting two hours, tho
matter was decided by the banishment of
botli Dukes from the realm.
In older times it seems to have been the
nrlvilego ot the hereditary cnampion ai i
Coronation to go to the King s suidic, .iu
therein to choose the second best horse, and
the second best suit of armour in the
armoury, wntcn no was emu.... . .
after the ceremony. But tho proceedings
were somewhat less romantic koto """';
IV was crowned. The chnmplon's stable of
four stalls was erected in Palace) ard.
" Mounts for the Xoblemen.
It Is distressing to have to record that two
out of the four horses were supplied from
Astlev's Amphitheater, namely, a piebald
for tho champion, nnd a white palfrey ror
lord Howard of Effingham, Deputy Earl
Marshal. Other two horses were there also,
a dun-colored nag for the Marquess of Ang
lesey, as Lord High Steward, and a white
one fortne ijuk. i """ r ,,,,
Constable. Inrrt Angiessey nu -"'""'"',-tho
cavalry at Waterloo, where he lost a
leg. and It' may be Imagined that he and
the Iron Duke, tried comrades In real v.ar
fw must have smiled grimly at the parts
aligned to them in this elaborate mas-
'llThc1CT,amplon's oportunlty came at the
banquet in Westminster Hall a function
which It has been happily resolved to aban
don on the present occasion. But nt Geore
Vs coronation 100 illustrious persons sat
down to cat and drink in the haV Itirff.
....,- .w tv,r f less d cnlty. who naJ
taken part In the precession, were lasted in
.... ., -ifv,n the r.ilace of West-
minter. After all these pairs of jaws had
been munching away for more ''"""
hour, the I-ord of the Manor of 1 ymond
ler received from the OITicer nt the Jewel
House n Filver silt cup. which he presented,
kneeling, to his Majesty. The King drank
therefrom nnd lianneo mm mu -"' -fee
Next came the Duke of Argyll, as
Master of the Household of Scotland, who
performed a similar service, recelv ng a
Hmllar fee. Here It may be observed that
every stage of these lengthy proceedings
seems to have been punctuated by some
body handing the monarch a drink.
Hull Win Cleared.
The lower part of the hall was now cleared
and Mr. Henry Dymoke. the Champion, pre
sented himself in tho great dorway in full
armour, mounted on a piebald housed In
bl-ick cloth, trimmed and fringed with sil
ver Honcels-the ancient Hvcrie3 and cog
nisance of the Dymokcs.
On the Champion's helmet were seven and
twenty ostrich plumes, on his horse's head
seventeen, so it may be Imagined that he
presented a very terrifying appearance.
Fpon his right hand rode the Duke of Well
ington, upon his left Iird Howard of Ef
fingham, each In his peer's robes, with
coronet and collar. Before these three cav
aliers marched trumpeters, serjeants-at-arms,
the Champion's herald bearing the
Challenge and the Champion's two esquires,
one bearing his lance, the other his shield.
In one of the galleries sat an expert critic
in the practice of chivalry. Sir Walter Scott
towlt. who professed himself delighted with
the performance, save that the Champion's
shield should have been an heraldic scutch
eon and not a circular Highland target.
While the Champion pnuhed at the door of
the hall, his trumpets sounded thrice, and
Garter King cried:
"Sir Knight, whence como you. and what
Is jour pretence?" "You shall quickly hear,"
replied Dymoke, "the cause of my coming
and pretence," nnd signed to his herald to
deliver the challenge as follows:
"If any person of whatsoever degree, high
or low. fchall deny or gainsay our Sovereign
lATd King George the Fourth of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, De
fender of the Faith, son and next heir to our
Sovereign Lord King George the Third, the
last King, deceased, to be the right heir to
the Imperial crown of this United Kingdom,
or that he ought not to enjoy the same, hero
Is his Champion, who salth that he lleth and
Is a false traitor; being ready in person to
combat with him. and in this quarrel will
adventure his life against him on what day
koevcr he shall be appointed."
Then Dymoke threw down the gauntlet,
which, after It had lain a few moments,
the herald picked up and gave again to the
champion. Riding up to the middle of the
hall a halt was made, and the same cere
mony was repeated, and again a third time
at the steps of the throne. The cup-bearer
then took from the officer of tbe Jewel
House a gold cup and cover full of wine. In
which his Majesty drank to his champion,
and then sent the cup-bearer to him with
the cup, which he drained, and backed his
horse solemnly down and out of the hall,
carrying with him the cup as his fee.
All this mediaeval pageantry disappears
with the abandonment ot the banquet, and
so do a host of minor ceremonies. By the
by. It ought to be mentioned that the prac
tical reason for a banquet la gone. In an
earlier ago. It was held Indispensable that
the monarch should receive the communion
fasting. The services in the Abbey lxilng
of extraordinary length, he might well be
In need of refreshment and nourishment at
its close, and it would not have1 been cred
itable to the royal horpitality to feast
To practical minds it must seem irksome,
and even humiliating, for wcll-to-dd gentle
men, often long past middle age.to apo such
menial part? as those of butler, larderer.
sergeant of the silver scullery, carver and
so forth. It borders on the grotesque that.
In the Twentieth Century, the Lord Mayor
nnd twelve of his principal citizens of Lon
don, should claim eagerly the privilege, of
acting as assistants to the chief butler of
England a privilege which was disputed
by the city of Winchester at the coronation
of Richard Coeur de Lion, In US?, but which
the city of London then secured by the pay
ment ot 200 marks to their needy King.
Still more humble U the claim of thn Mayor
and elsht burgesses of Oxford to net as as
sistants to the assistant butlers, as thy
did at the coronation banquet of Henry III.
In I IK. But human nature Is of very com
plex material, and these ancient offices have
their source in the expedients adopted hy
successivo monarchs to gratify the amour
propie of certain of their subjects whom it
was desirable to conciliate, or who had ren
dered valuable service, which' it was not
always convenient to recompense in cash.
How dearly such trivial distinctions have
always been prized, partly for the momen
tary eminence they secure to the individual,
partly for the assurance they give of ob
taining a good place whence to view an un
usual pageant, and partly from the loftier
sentiment which endears ancient customs
to every patriotic spirit, may bo realized
by casting an eye over the remarkable
number and variety of claims put forward
at former coronations and the present one.
Titled Menials Present.
For Instance, on the present occasion, no
less than ono Duke, one Marquess and two
Earls have preferred claim to the office
of Lord Great Chamberlain, whose privilege
It is to carry to the King his shirt and
clothes on the morning of coronation and
to help the Lord Chamberlain to dress him.
The fee claimed for this service at the
coronation of James II was forty yards of
crimson velvet to make a robe, also the
King's bed and bedding, the furnlturo of
his bedroom, his nightgown o::d wearing
apparel, basin and towels.
Tho Court of Claims has need of nice
discrimination In dealing with some of
those put forward. For Instance, tho Lord
of the Manor of Ilcydon In Essex claimed
at James IPs coronation to hold the basin
and ewer to the King, by virtue of one
moiety, and tho towel by vlrtuu of an
other moiety, of the said manor, when the
King should wash before dinner. The
Judgment In this case was "allowed as to
the towel only."
Another example may be quoted from
the coronation of the same monarch, as
showing that the proudest nobles wero not
only eager to discharge these menial of
fices, but to act tho paxts to the life by
showing equal eagerness in claiming the
fees. The Duke of Norfolk claimed as tho
fee of Chief Butler of England "the best
cup of gold and cover, with all tho vessels
and wine remaining under the bar, and all
tho pots and cups, except those ot gold
and sliver. In the wine cellar after dinner."
He was awarded in lieu a single cup and
ewer of pure gold, weighing 32 ounces.
Perhaps the homeliest of all tho serv
ices rendered at the coronation baftquet
was that within the privilege of the Lord
of the Manor of Addlngton In Surrey, which
William the Conqueror granted to his cook,
Manor Is Held.
Tho manor Is held under Grand Serjeanty,
the duty being to present the King at tho
coronation feast with a dish of grout or
diligrout, which seems to have been a
compound of almond milk, brawn of ca
pons, minced chicken, with sugar and
spices. When George II was crowned. Lord
George Sackvllle. afterwards Viscount
Sackvllle, was a schoolboy at West
minster, and penned the following lines In
praise of grout:
While the famed times of chivalry remained.
When Canute, or Ironside, or Alfred nlgned.
Their meals were homely, though their hearts
JCor would the King dtrdln to dine on grout.
And still the good old dish maintains its pUce.
Still keeps its claim the royal board to grace.
This Just respect the grateful nation rays
To tho plain virtues of thoso ancient days:
Convinced, howe'er r.er modern racft may flout.
They owe their dainties to their fathers' Krout.
And thus wo part with these archaic
ceremonies, timewcrn, perhaps, rather than
time-honored, convinced that although triv
ial, useless services such as they are dis
pensed with, there will never be any lick
of able heads and strong hands to fulfil
our sovereign's bidding in real work. In
one particular little regret will be felt at
tho discontinuance of the banquet, namely,
that it was the chief cause of the expense
of former coronations. Small popular en
thusiasm can be felt for lavlh expenditure-
unon stuffing with supertluous meat
and drink more or less eminent persons who
have, never known hunger In a dr-gree ex- I
cecilins a healthy arpctite. This Is an
economy which may he effected without
any sacrifice of real magnificence, and it
Is In good keeping with the proper fueling
which has tended of late to the re-triotiOL.'
of extravagance in coronation ceremonies.
The coronation of George IV cost the tax
payers f2l1.0,"0; Queen Victoria's was ac
complished for 73.v"0. It Is not difficult to
prncuncc which of these two monarrhs'
su'.ilrcts received the test value for their
by D. T. Tleree.
BY TASKMASTER TIME.
It is a paradox to say that time b!n
memy, rn'MIonaires are misers. They ar
most nlrcardly In their expenditure of
minutes and seconds. The same man who
spends money as freely as a leaky faucet
loses wa'cr may be the one who owns na
automobile to save time.
A mser on the one hand, a spendthlft on
Moneyed men own yachts to forget tti
flight of time; yet all the while they ar
at s-a th?y may bo presently employing
There are men who have contributed thou
sands of dollars toward the establishment
e.f "rest cures," but who allow themselves
fifteen minutes to cat the "quick" lunch
cons which kill them. Ono of them recently
"I would gladly give up all the cash I
havo made to recover my health I lost la
As opposed to the conditions of twenty
five years ago. here are some of the pres
ent-day methods whereby the business mat
saves (?) time.
The "quick lunch," whether in office or
The timekeeping system for hl3 employe.
The use of the pneumatic tube, the trolley
baket. and the cash register.
The elaboration and extension of the mod
ern idea of utilizing the sen-ices or capital
of Inferiors or rlval-tho "combination"
The retention of the special services of
professional men (lawyers and doctors) by
corporations (trusts and insurance com
panies). The valet as personal representative at
the 'phone Instead of the bath.
The casual but sudden employment of the
special engine for tho keeping of long dis
tance important engagements.
How the Pace Tells.
It was a physician who makes a specialty
of nervous diseases who was talking.
"If you will observe the men who hold
reeionsib!e positions In tho largo corpora
tions nowadays." he said, "you will be sur
prised to notice what a number are afflicted
with muscular nervousness.
"Look at the men In the banks and trust
companies, for instance, or in brokers' of
ficer, and on the floor of the Stock Ex
change. You will see many whose eyelids
or mouths twitch, or they will Jerk their
necks or heads, or tap constantly with their
fingers or toes. Everything in business Is
going at a nerve-wrecking speed.
"One of our millionaires, who has been
mentioned frequently of late In connection
with a new charitable institution, has wom (
out five or six men who. have undertaken to '
assume the responsibility of looking after'
his investments. They were paid prlncehT
salaries, but the strain was too great, ajp
one by one hey have gone under. Nerves
are not confined to women any more. Soon
er or later wc all pay the penalty."
Mrs. Benham: "What did you pay tho
minister when wo were married?"
Benham: "I don't remember, but I can "
look it up In my cash book; I charged It ta
'profit and loss.' "
New Universal Speech.
"Havo you noticed," asked the observant
citizen, "that peoplo nowadays don't pro
nounce numbers as they; did when you and
I went to school, or even a few years agoZ
We used to say 'one hundred.' for instance,
but we don't any more. We say 'one-o-o.
If we want to tell somebody we live at
1K0 'Blank' street, wo tell him oar number
Is 'cne-O-5-n.' If tho number Is 123, we tell
him It Is '1-2-3 and so on. i
The reason for the change Is plain enough
it's the telephone. One needs to sseak
plainly in telephoning, and as figures In any
communication are usually Important wo
have learned to pronounce each one sepa
rately, so as to avoid any mistake. Every
body uses telephones now, and so everybody',
has caught the habit of pronouncing eaclv
figure of a number. Even the children "f A
IPOETS PLAY HT PING P0NG
WRITTEN FOR THE SUNDAT RnPUDLIC
The boy stood on the burning deck.
Whence all but him had fled;
"This ping-pong seems to me to be
A fatal game," he said.
The pi ades of night were falling fast.
As through an Alpine village passed
A youth who bore, mid snow and ice.
A banner with the strange device:
Mary had a little lamb.
Whose fleece was white as snow.
And everywhere that Mary pins-ponged
The lamb was sure to go.
Twinkle, twinkle. little star.
How I wonder what you arc.
Up above the world so high.
Like a ping-pong ball In tho sky.
Thero was a man In our town.
And he was wondrous wise;
He Jumped Into a ping-pong game
And knocked out both his yes.
How doth the little busy bee
Improve each shining hour?
By playing ping-pong while he waits
For opening buds to flower.
Oh. say can you see
By tho dawn's early light.
The players who played
At ping-pong all night?
Lives of great men all remind U3
We can make our own sublime.
And departing leave behind us
Ping-Pong on the sands of time.
W. J. Lampton.
Ping-pong, ping-pong how the balls do fly!
Hid titter and banter merrily
The game goes on.
Until one has won and one has lost
No matter the stakes or what the cost
It runs alonjr.
Tea, merrily the game goes on on
Ping-pong and ping-pong and ping-pong-pong
SOME QUESTIONS OF ETIQUETTE.
When a wedding imitation is sent, stating that
it is to be a church affair, with simply "home"
and "address" at the bottom, no particular time
and no receptien curd IncIoMrd. Is It neccraary to
send a present? RnADKIt.
No, It Is not necessary to send a present,
but If you are a friend of cither bride or
bridegroom, and care anything about them.
It would certainly be no impropriety If you
sent one. Weddlrg presents are supposed
to be an evidence of the friendship or affec
tion of the senders.
What would you rugcest for a young lady of re
fined tate on her eighteenth blittday? The ques
tioner Is a young man only slightly acquainted
with her. TOUR CONSTANT READER.
A pretty box of candy of flowers would be
the correct gift. Books would be the only
ether possible gift, but the candy or flowers
would be mere attractive.
Kindly let me know whether If proper to wear
a derbv hat with a Prlnco Albert voat. or wheth
er a hlstl hat Is Indispensable. p. A. If.
A derby hat with a Prince Albert coat is
not correct at any time.
Kindly Inform me tho correct evening dress for
a youne man of 17 years. II, A. I..
If the young man Is tall and large for his
age, he can wear the full dress suit; but It
la supposed that until a boy Is IS the Tux
edo or dinner coat Is correct. With the
Tuxedo a black tie Is worn; with the full
dress suit a white tie.
Kindly Inform me whether a Prince Albert or
cutaway coat Is the proper coat to wear at an
evening weddlns when a dress suit Is not worn.
h. a m.
A Prince Albert Coat will be better than
a cutaway, although neither Is correct.
Will you kindly tell me If it Is necessary tft
give a present when one 13 Invited, to the churc?.i
vus irsMiiiuii ui uyi, U4U4UISU WUfl
hrlde. irroom or a member of lh church wherti
It Is held' Aim. should Invitation tw scknowa
easeu when one cannot go: if so. by card or hej
x. r. :
A wedding present Is only sent to show
kindly feeling toward the bride and bride
groom. It Is not obligatory under any cir
cumstances. It is not necessary to ac
knowledge an invitation to a wedding or re
ception unless an answer Is requested.
Cards should be left at the reception if one
attends, or sent by mail the day ot the re
ception, if one is unable to be present.
Mv husband and myself have cards for an aft
ernoon church wedding, also cardj for a receptioa
following at the house, but we. cannot attend.
Will you please tell ui If It Is necessary to send
regrets or cards, and. If the latter, how many,
and at what time ought they be sent? C. T.
It Is not necessary to send regrets. Cards
should be sent the day of the wedding to
the parents of the bride or to tho relative
in whose name the invitation was sent out,
as well as to the bride and bridegroom.
riease let me know the proper dress for a boy
or ji at nu sisters wedding, which takes plai
In the mornlne. If a white waistcoat be wor
what kind of a tie should be worn? When shoul.
saw ne used, and "seen"? J. C
A black sack coat, with black or whits
waistcoat and striped trousers would bo
correct dress. A white four-in-hand tlo
should be wom, or one of light color. Tho
word "seen" Is always used with have. For
Instance, you should say "I have seen." or
"I saw." "I seen" Is Incorrect.
Would you consider it proper for a younc; man
to accept a young woman's iavltitlon to accom
pany her to the theater? L. II.
There Is certainly no reason why a youn?
gentleman should not accept a lady's Invi
tation to tlte theater, for it is supposed that
they mu3t be acquainted, or she would net
have sent the invitation.