Newspaper Page Text
THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. MAY IS. 1902.
1qCHANCES FOR AMERICANS IN SIAM.I
Frank C. Caipenter Tells About the Demand for Our Products in the Oiienl How Monex May He Made in Te.ikwnod Traflir Hangkok in 1002 Xi-w Raihoads and the
Klectric Lines The New Canal Sxstem Something as to Our -MN.i)iiarie and other Inhumation About the Mcxst 'Up-to-Date Country of the Far East.
Fpfja' (" rr'pontUnce nf The Suntlav lit pcbllc
Washington Max 11 l"or the lirt time In
rur hlt r Slam has a legation at Wash
ington accredited solelx to the t'nlted
States jnd Kngland. xho his spent moit of
his time In Iond' n. and xisltcd Washing
ton nnl j eiodicall to pa hS respects to
the President and attend to Siamest in
terest:, on this slue of the ocean Ol late.
howex-er. the Klnc has been pushing his
trade In ex-ery possible a. and has nn
established an Enxo Extraordinarj and
Minister Plenlpotentliry at Washlr.Kton
Tlie new Minister has the title of Ph-x
AkharaJ Yaradhara. and he has held the
highest official positions at home. He has
been associated with the Imperial Cabinet
and has made a reputation for himself as
a diplomat and statesman The Minister
Is a natixe Siamese. He bcloncs to the no
bility, and Is a man of education and ac
complishment. He doei not speak English
fluently, and xry Interxlew concernlnR the
country xxas. at his request, carried on
through the secretary of the legation. Mr.
Edward It. Loftus
Our conx-ersatlon opened xxith some kind
expressions as to the friendly feeling xx hich
the King and his people hax-e for Ameri
cans. Said Mr. Loftus:
"His Majesty the King Is anxious to fur
ther the trade of his country xxlth jours
He has the friendliest of feelings toxxard
Americans, and xxlshes ex en closer relations
than those which now exist hetxxeen the
two people. The legation will do all It can
to better the trade betxxeen tho two coun-
tries, and I really think we haxe a market
there which your people do not appreciitc
Slam is one of the richest countries of tho
far East. It Is bigger than rrance or
German, and has a population of about
7.O00.O00 It Is a countrj of man large
cities, and one with which the English and
Germans havo a large trade. It Is one
which Is equally open to the Americans,
whom we hope will, from now on, rapidly
Increase their exports "
Siam Carries on Extensire
Foreign Trade With England.
"Ilut have xxe not already a big business
xvlth our country?" I asked.
"Nothing like so great as It should be,"
replied Mr. Loftus "You send us some ma
chinery and hardware and a large number
of hlccles We buy some of our writing
and printing paper and a little stationer"
and sumo breadstuffs, tobacco and coal oil.
The trade In 1900 was more than two and
one-halt times as great as it was In K9.
but you haxe not begun to touch its possi
bilities. You should sell all sorts of ma
chinery and almost ex cry kind of American
notions. Slam Is an agricultural country. It
has also enormous areas of forests, of teak
and other hardnoxls, and American sans
and axes should be In demand. Russia sur
passes you In Its shipment of coal oil. and
its to all kinds of cotton goods, England has
the lead. Indeed, about 90 per cent of the
foreign trade of Slam Is with England, al
though the Germans are trying hard to In.
troduce theli 'manuactures '
"Both Germans and English haxe but
ness houses In Bangkok and other Siamese
cities, and the Americans should establish
similar Institutions. Your manufacturers
should send out their agents and do busi
ness with the country direct. Instead or
Belling through Hong-Kong and Singapore,
as you now do."
"Along what lines could Americans make
money in Siam, Mr. Loftus?" said I.
"There are many openings for capital al
lied to good business brains," was the lc
plj. "The trade In teakxvood Is largely done
bv foreign syndicates. There is one Ung
lish company far In the interior, which ha;
a capital of $10,000,000 It ships Its timber
to all parts of the xxorld There Is no wood
so good as teak for certain kinds of ship
building, for railroad ties and other tl Ings
Ths wood does net rot when In the water,
and at the same time It Is easy to hanjlt.
We have some of the largest teak forests
of the world and our shipments of trak
amount to thousands of tons annually. The
teak is sold by xvelght and it brings alout
$50 per ten. We have a forest derartir.cnt,
administered by British officials, and so far
about half tho forest areas are being held
Teak Forests Restricted to
Siam, Bunnah. and China.
"Tell me more about the teakuood for
est?. Mr. Loftus Is n the ime Mai of
timber found In the Philippines?"
"I doubt It." xxas the repl. "I Dfllexe
that the chief teak forests are restricted to
Siam. llurmah and Cochin Chlm. I krow
they arc planting out trees In Jaxa. but
mcli as grow wild there are not of ,he i.u
perlor quality of our teak. It tanes about
sixty ears to grow a tree so nat it Is
large enough for lumber, and whether the
trees could be grown In the Philippines or
rot I cannot tell. It Is not right to speak
of a teak forest. There are no woods which
are all teak, but the trees are found scat
tered through the other woods They are
gotten out by means of elephants and the
work Is xery cxpenslxo and very hard. The
elephants are costly. They have o be
trained to the work and they can work
only a certain number of hours of the day
and only so many days In the jear."
"In what part of the country are the best
forests?" I asked.
"They are In the upper Provinces. The
wood Is cut and brought to the river and
floated down to Bangkok, from where it Is
shipped to all parts of the world. The Gov
ernment has certain taxes that haxe to be
paid for felling and shipping, and, all to
gether, the expenses are great. For this
reason a large capital Is required. Never
theless, the business paj s very well and for
tunes haxe been mad in It"
"How about your new railroads?" I asked.
"They hax-e opened up many parts) wh'ch
until now have been comparatlxrely Inac
cessible." said Mr Loftus. "The railroad
from Bangkok to Korat h?B been completed
- js. s
and It is tiring a good business This roid
begin its construction in lc32 xxhen his
Majestx the King dug the first spideful of
earth He if-cd a sp ide made of sllxer and
it orj and put the earth into i xxheelbarroxx
of ebonx and sllxer The spade was of i
Xew Hngl mil pattern and the xvheelbarrow
xxas of Anicrhun design
"At the sane t'me the Croxxn Prince took
the wheelbarroxx and wheeled it about
txent-fixe xatds along the line of the r'atl
and dunired out the earth This xxas to
shoxx tint the King ami the court xxcre
thoroughl Intensted In the underfilling '
"Tell me something about Korat, the ter
minus of the ro id " said I
"Korat Is a big cltx surrounded by rich
plains It Is a greit center of tmlc It llw
1C3 miles from Hinpkok and in the pist
about two weeks hixe been required for the
trip betxxeen the txxo place" Ux the rail
road it is made in ten hours Thex are noxx
extending th nl'road on to the north, and
it xxill exentuallx- connect xxtth Chiengm il.
the great center of traJe of Northern blam
i rom tnere a line xxlll eventual! connect
It xx lth the Burmese railroads noxx being
built toxxard China I doubt not that in
time the Chinese and 'I ranssiberian S3
tems will be connected so tint one m ly
reallx go from Paris to B lngkok bx rail '
"Another railroid Is to be built from
Bangkok westxxard doxxn through the Mi
la peninsula to the Strait of Malacca. We
haxe a road from Bangkok to Paknam, on
the Menam Itlxer. and all together xxe are
graduallx becoming a railroad country."
" here doer" Siam get its railroad ma
terials?" 'So far most of them haxe come from
Englind," xxas the replj "There Is no rei
son nil) the United States should not sup
ply Its sh ire. Our countr is tuch that
we need many brhises. and Ou Amerlcirs
are now doing much in furnishing bridges
for the world. I txe no reason xxhx xou
should not compete as to our locomotlxes j
and other rolling stock, and in ex en taking
contracts for the construction of the roads."
TweiitylCight K4ettiie Pl.inth
In Bangkok Alone.
"Do ou u much electrlclt in Slam'"
"We haxe tvxent-e!qht electric plants in
Bangkok alone We hnxe one incandescent
electric light plint xvhich furnlshf;, 17CC0
light" It origin illy belonged to the Eng
lish Brush Compan and N used for light
ing the King's palace and for the us of the
public. It xxas one time operated by an
American engineer named Bennett and an
American sndicite. but xxas liter on sold
to a Danish compan. xxhlch noxx manages
It. The mot of its sUppiCa xxtre I ur
chascd from Europe but some from Amer
ica. "The Danish compan now oixns the
electric railroads It has a tramxxa sE-ven
and one-half miles long In cperatlon and a
track of three and a half miles more Is
under construction. It adxerllses that it
will supply electric poxxer throjghout the
clt and it expects to run a line of auto
mobiles in connection xxith Its street cji.
In addition to this there are prixate plints
the equipment of which I" largely Ameri
can. You can noxx riach almost any pirt
of the city or suburbs by street cars "
'Glxe me some Idea of Banckok. Mr.
Loftus. Our .people think the toxxn lu made
up of houses floating on the water"
"Th-it Is so onlx to a limited eitent."
was the repl. 'The clt lies on the Menam
Itlxer, extending for miles up and doxxn
both sides of It. There is a large boit popu
lation and perhaps :,000 people who ac
tually Ilxe in houses anchored to posts in
the rlxcr po that they rise and fall with
the tide M-iny of these houses are of
large size. The are built upon rafts and
nre xerv comforfible homes. The consti
tute, how oxer, hut a small part of Bang
kok. The palaces of tho King are of great
extent and in man recpects are as fine as
the great buildings of Europe.
City Has Seventy-Five
Miles of Canals.
"The city Is a beautiful one. It is cut up
b canal', and about thirty-fix e ears ago
these canals were the streets All traffic
wan carried on In bolts, and boats took the j
place of wagons and carriages There are
still about sexenty-tlxe miles of canals in
Bangkok hut bridges haxe been built oxer
them, paxtd streets lnxe been laid, and
ou can now drlxc almost an xx here in a
carriage. Ten eais ago there xvcre onl
about nine miles of pnxed streets Noxv
there are oxer lift miles, and nexx streets
arc being orened up exer ear. The Amer
ican bridge makers might do a good busi
ness in suppling the bridges. The old ones
of Iron and xxood are being replaced by
modem ones of Iron and steel. The King
himself builds one steel bridge exery ear
out of his prixate funds as a gift to the
"pecial ceremonies, on his birthdiy. At
present the most of our bridge building ma
terials come from England."
"I see that our Consul General. Hamilton
King. sas that Bangkok Is unhealthy from
lack of waterworks."
"That matter Is being remedied," replied
Mr. Loftus. "The Goxernment Is now In
vestigatlng the subject, and within a short
time we will haxe a nexx waterxvorks and
sewerage sstem. I don't know where the
supplies will come from. It takes an enor
mous amount of pipe for a city so scattered
as Bangkok, and whether we shall Import It
or make It ourselxes Is a question. Our
people are skillful In handling clay, and It
may be that the pipes will be of potter-,
or we may establish foundries to make
them. We are tr!ng to develop the coun
try in ever- way, and can afford to spend
more if thereby we can found a home industry-Richest
Land Was That
Reclaimed From the Jungles.
"We are Improving our country greatly
by digging canals and by ojcnlng up irrl-
jt- g'r.vw- vCf.fv "vs
gated lands It seems Mnnse to pcak of
irrigitlon in a I ud as. xxell xxitciid as
Slim, hut there arc large truts tint haxe
boll hiouht under cultixation in till" xxa.
The x ist pl-iin of Southern Siam which his
st im of the ricN st soil In the world, his
b n opt mil up hx t u ils The greater
part of It xxas a Jungle unii xxitti'n the last
4B ' -as- "mmm a. nvmvK i-rm im.H i
vJ(M , iiMKrS5MSBrisj5iiiiw- lifslia sk"! V
flfty xenrs xxhen nni) beg-in to be due
We lnxe nox. c m lis from rixer to rix r
and the camln strvP as th lIhxxis of
the countr In addition to the iioirrnnn n
xvorks there are private can it companies
x hich rnxe receixed 1-irge eorassIoiis of
lard The Sinn Canil and Irrigation '
Compinx is one x.hhh in" been v o-Vnq I
far je-iis, antl xxhic'i has brought mm h
xxn-te 1 mil under cultixatier 'I he terrl- '
tor xxhieh it lias xxas snmp antl j ingle Un
eirs igo, hut it i- nox. settlnl In oxei '
7 tC) people These lomoanlis g, t their.
rce:uic- from the saie3 of the land border
rrxenues from the sales of the land holder I
ing on their can il Tl e price Is limited
to $2 7" gold, per acre, ind at tlii; prlc
thex can pax good dixidends There are j
still x.tfct tr-ct i of x.aste land- xvhien need
opening up. The slu ,tion Js ,CinK care-
jgar "p.aci"jic . 1 jrf ptescnbed by the ST Jv vIBI
AHl.OO, f2.C(( and 3.00 bills hereafter issued liyt lie Government to contain blank spaces to permita
change of money into a check, was the gist of a bill before Congress. This
rude sketch serves to convey the idea.
WRITTEN TOR THE SUNDAY RnrunLic.
The Post Check Currency Bureau of
Washington, D. C. is an organizat'on that
is promoting a moxement to secure postal
currency. Such money would. It is beliexed,
facilitate the transaction of business by
mail. There Is no prixate gain in the mat
ter, and all expenses are met by the x-olun-tary
contribution of the originator of the
post check currency.
Liberty of the Poet.
Once upon a time there xvas a meeting
Oi ' I
fullx studied ard expert engineers will
make plans bx xxhieh these lands can be
deve'oned ami brought un ier cultivation"
' S ich pjblle improvements xxlll need a
last deal of monex v ill thex not? I sup
pose I,ri has a Urge public debt alreadv ""
1' his ii) tit bt x.lntexer.' replied 'he
S'amese secret irx "It has. on the contrar .
a i ish surplus of about 23 003 ticals. ln-
hiding a million dollars xxhieh was latel
Inxested in British consols Our Goxern
ment Is one of the few In the xxorld xxhieh
an lot In debt The lexenues more thin
meet tlie expenses and the countr is in
neislng Its riches from xcar to eir"
Siam K Pr.ut itall a
Fiee-Tr.ul" Count n.
"Where does the rexerue come from?"
"From the usual t ixes and licenses," re-
LAW WOULD PERMIT
OF MONEY INTO A CHECK.
and conference of some of the greatest and
most interesting objects In nature.
"We owe much to the poet," said the lit
tle Star, "because he has given us permis
sion to do many of the things that we de
light in. If he had not given permission
what would we do? To me he said, "Twin
kle, twinkle, little star.' and I haxe been
twinkling exer since."
"That's rieht," answered tho Sun. "and
think how glad I am and how thankful tht
earth should be that Shakespeare said,
"Arise, fair sun.' "
"But where xxould I be. and what ouId
? & jy.zc. AHWy-y,! -
lSqii& aui 1 'LIQXiid, INDIA.
plied air iirtus "We hhxe our Internal
rcxciuie taxes, a capitation tax and a xery
luxx customs tax. We charge only 3 per
cent on imports, so jou xxill see that Siam
!- pr.ictlcallv a free-trade countr, mil
xour people can ship there with as little
nstrictlons as to Any part of the xxorld
Tlie t ix fixed b the foreign Pov ers for
Chin i Is higher ind in Japan and other
Eastern countries it Is many times as
great Our people welcome Imports, and
the xxlll xxelcome American traxelers. In
stead of lighting our xxax- from place to
line thioich a roous population, as in
China cnnS to us and ou will be courte
rusl rccdVetl ai d made at home"
'Hoxxyjitout our missionaries? ' said I
"Your Whtr Is a Buddhist countr. Does
Ii tt Ier ( hilstianitx "
"Yes." was the reply. "Siam tolerates all
religions The American missionaries are
much liked, and the are allowed to go
where thex please and to teach what the
please Thex haxe schools In the different
cities, and tlux do much good
"As to Buddhism, that is the prex ailing
religion We haxe thousands of priests and
thousand" of temples Manx of the priest
are teachers, and thex- haxe their schools
si itt leci heie and there oxer the countrx.
We are dolrg much In educnt on The Gov
ernment established a normal college In
v vc haxe boarding schools In Bang
kok for til" sjns anl daughters of Prince
anil nobles Thpe haxe English teachers,
and xv e haxe other schools with thousands
of students, in which English is taught.
There Is in educational department In
Bangkok, and we hixe a competltixe ex
amiiatlun exerx xear open to all blarnese
which gives scholarships for study abroad."
PRANK G CARPENTER
old earth do?" asked the Spring, "If Thom
son had not said. "Come, gentle spring?" "
"And think," said the Ocean, "how quiet
anu flat I would be If Byron had not writ
ten, 'Roll on, thou dark and deep blue
ocean, roll. "
"And," chimed In. the Bugle, "when Ten
nSon said. "Blow, bugle, blow,' what a
grand chance he gave to my xolce."
"'Talking about blowing," said the Winter
Wind, "what an opportunity Shakespeare
gax'e me when he entered the order, Bloxv,
blow, thou winter wind.' "
Moral Nature owes much of her liberty
to the ooet.
1 1 yW
TALENTED INDIAN GIRL
PUBLISHES A MAGAZINE
Mis-s Oi.i Eddleinan (Tin-liefa) Attended Collefte and Then Kejian the
J'ubliiMtion of a Jlonthh She Dots All the Woik, With the
Exception of the Mfeh.inii.i! Part, and Een That
Is Under Her I)iie lion
MISS OR V EDDLEMAN "TUCKETA" (Tyist Blrd Cherokee.
Pplal Cttixcpondence of Th Sunday Republic.
Carthage. Mo. Ma 17 Twin Tt rrltorks
a monthl magazine published at Muscojce.
I. T. Is the onl magazine in the world
that is entitled to the distinction of ben g
edited and published bv an Indi in anil ai
Indian girl, at that The editor ami pub
lisher Is a Cherokee Indian b birth .and i
best known In the liter.ir world as 'lui.Ii
eta, her Indian name To her friends anl
to the readers of her m igazine she Is kn-jxxii
as Miss Ora V. Kddleman
Like man othe- ambitious Indi in gir's,
she secured a good education Then she be
came a frequent contributor to m igazine
Some four ears ago she published the ini
tial number of the Twin Territories The
Intention xxas to print items of interest to
residents of the Indian and Oklahoma Ter
ritories Being unexperienced sloxx progress
was made at flrst The rngazme was final
lx sold to a Tort Smith firm just as it x is
bcgirnlnc to proxe profitable. It lost groand
again, and Iat summer it onee more be
came Miss Eddlem in's p-opertx Her f -
mer experience en lbled her to formulate
k llK,x -H'iiP,i;V- - , -'tp IX
r?' HnKuniBHr ' JK ..-." IS?
Q i-IDW!?V- c '&& 1 9
U WSmLm'Wr r - - Ht IS
iiiC QT lB LHftk T-''is X fL II
"GIRL ANH DOG," a Famous Reynolds Tainflnff.
"The present writer and Mr W V Cronln
haxe for the last thlrt or fort ears
been searching for information concerning
Sir Joshua Reynolds's v tirlf, ct there still
remain more than 1 100 portraits for xviiMi
sittings or pairents are reeordd. the
present whereabouts of xxhlch are un-
d m-nin Mr. Algernon Grilles, nn no-
fcjl, ..u. ..... r- .
knowledgetl authorlt on the subject. In the
Connoisseur, and from further remark" he
makes In the same article it appears thit
xery man of theso precious pictures are
HARD TO GET A
WRITTEN FOR THR SUNDAY REPUPLIC.
The old story of the mei chant who ad
vertised for a young in m. and as a test
of character, offered each applicant a
bundle, knotted with twin" to open, and
selected the outh for the vacant position
who did not cat the string, but patiently
labored exer the knots until they xxerc un
tied that was good In the old daS
Now, the merchant would cax to himsilf:
"The position 1 worth a dollar a diy. or
ten cents an hour fo- ten hours' work. If
that oi.rg man wastes fifteen minutes'
time, worth txxo and a half cents trying to
saxe a piece of twine worth one-eighth of a
cent, h- 1 no good to me."
"Billy" Rice, negro minstrel, used to tell
th story of a man x7ho picked up a pin
as he was leaving the office of a great mer
chant, after an unsuccc-ssfJl quest for work.
plans xvhereby the magazine could be placed
on .- pax ing basis
Vv Idle the original plan of publishing mat
ter pert lining to the two Territories has not
been lost icht of. the field h.ns been hrnad-
! ened until the publication could now be
propcrl classed ns an Indian magazine.
One of the mo"t Important features is tho
publication of Indi in lore and legends.
In appearance MNs Kddleman shows no
more resemblance to the race to which sh
belong-, that do many who haxe no Indian
blood in their xelns She Is of medium
height ard rather slender. Her hair and
lies are tl ose of the Cherokee Indian,
while hrr complexion, with the exception cf
an olivt tinge, N as fair as that of her
Th it she K capable of looking after tha
business itfairs ts attested by the success
xxith xv hich she is meeting She is the ad
vertising manager of hr magazine. In
fact, she doe all the xxork xvith the excep
tion of the mechanical jart, and exen thit
is under her direction He- txpcxvrlter and
other modern office conxeniences are evi
dences of her business acumen.
, probably ling unrecognized in old countr;
houses or secondhand shops.
Their presint owners most likely are
Ignorant as to their value, and do not know
xx ho painted them, but thousands of pounds
are awaiting the man luck enough to find
cxen one of the more famous of these por-
trait Among the 1 tM are portraits of the
I TViTr.. r,f r-lr.n. the Tlukp of WellinptnTi"
. .....v ir. .......- . -- .,... .
mother the Duke of Beaufort. John Wesley
and George Washington and any one of
these, if discoxered, xvould fetch a fabulous
START IN LIFE.
The merchant, seeing the man's action
from the window, called him back and gave
him emplomcnt v hich kindness he repaid
bv becoming owner of the entire buslnesuVi
in an increuiDly nort time.
"Rill" used to end his p'ory by saying
tint he tried that scheme once, when he
xxas looking fonxvork. dropping a pin care-fullx-
on the floor as he entered. He stated
his xx ants to the proprietor, who not only
had no emp!ommt to offer him, hut re
marked to his partner as Rice picked up
'Sir. if that fellow's so small as to uteil
a Pin off the llocr, iioxv much do OU think
vr'd leaxe In my till?"
I'nrtcrtnker: "You s.a jou xvant a coffin
ten feet long? '
Customer: "Yes. It's for poor old Com
mute. He said he wanted to be burled in a
natural position, o we will have to put nia
arm aUovs kU head."