Newspaper Page Text
THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY, MAY IS, 1902.
WHERE i ,800 ANIMALS ARE SLAUGHTERED HOURLY.
St. Louis National Stock Yards Lays Claim to Being One of the Greatest Enterprises in the Louisiana Purchase.
TRAVELING LIBRARIES ARE A PRAGTIGAL Pffi
1 LANTHROPY OF MISSOURI CLUB WOMEN.
"Spot," the prize blooded Kteet, j
whose daily task, as "Judas la- j
cariot," is to lead an average j
f 130 cattle an hour into "kill-
inp bed." "Spot's" horns, arm
tipped with halls of gold.
written ror. nm sukpat republic
Although located in Illinois, across the
river from St. Louis, the St Louis National
Stock Yards, together with the packing
houses and dependent Industries, lays claim
to being one of the greatest enterprises In
the liouleta-na Purchase Millions of dollars
needed for the lixe stock industry hre
loaned to the commission men bj St Louis
banks A cattleman's mortgage is consid
ered as good as a Government bond
Five thousand employe earn their dallj
bread In or nbout the Industries at th
National Stock Ynrds. which rover an area
of about 700 acres, extending north and
east from Kast St Ixmi Here million o'
dollars are invented in the various phases
of the live stock trade, and here the com
mission men huve their offices, from which
places the cattlemen of Texas and the gTeat
Southwest are supplied with money to meet
their current expenses until such a time
as they shall market their cattle
Sheep, hogs, hor-es and mules all have
their places at the National Stock Yards. as
well as the live stock, although this Is the
Two large packing-houses employ about
4 fM men and women. Armour Is now
building a plant which i" to cover an area
of nineteen acres.
One of the features of the cattle trade
Which Is entirely absent In all other forms
Vf business, is the absolute ca"h basis on
Jilch the business is transacted. All cattl
purchased at the yards must be paid for In
full before 2 pm. which marks the clos
ing hour for business Thus the shipper
often times Is paid for his cattle before they
leae the pens It is not unusual fot a
plngle cattleman to ship a bunch of M
head of Tcas cattle which are worth on
an jivrpure of JCO a head, or a total of K0.)C.
The shlnixr is paid In nnv way he desires,
whether it be a draft on St Louis. Chicago
fir New York City or in greenbacks and
Treasury notes. It Is not uncommon for n
heavy shipper to walk out of the National
Heads of the Generations Are (Ir
respective of the Insane King
Otto) Prince Luitpold, Prince
Ludwig. Prince IJupprecht
and His Four-Montlis-Old
w-itrrrnN ron the Sunday nnrunmc.
V.'lth the birth of tho infant Prince Lud
v:s of Bavaria, son of the Prince and
rincess nupprecht. there are now living
'our generations- and four heir- presump
Ivts to the Bavarian throne, as was also
he case in this country during- the. last
ars of the life of Queen Victoria The
jiotograph given here is the Urst one pub
fihed of the charming royal mother with
icr Infant The heads of the four genera
Ions are (Irrespective of the 'nsane King
tto) Prince Luitpold, the Prince Regent,
who was 71 March 12; his son. Prince Lud
lg. SI; the latter" son. Prince P.up
recht. S3, and the infant Prlnco. i months
id. Hy a curious coincidence, Prlrcoss
tupproeht'H s.ister, the Princess Alb-rte of
iclgium. Mlmost at the ame time gave
irth to her first-born child and heir to
hat throne, whilst her slstcr-iti-law-, the
"rincess of the Asturias. likewise gave
ilrtn to it little Jr;ncc who asms day may
ule tho Kingdom of Spain.
The Princess Itupprecht was tho Duchers
c" - --rt s : snr -r; t" y V "
L. Vi. Krake, Assistant General
Stock Tard Exchange bulldine. his pockets
fairly bursting with the fortune he has real
ized from the sale of his cattle. Last ear
almost a million cattle were received an'l
disposed of at the National Stock Yards,
while the hog receipts footed ud close to
Sheep rece'ptn w-era over fcalf a million
and hordes and mules received amounted to
The two big packing-hou-"" at the Stock
FOUR HEIRS PRESUMPTIVE TO THE
it ratfsis 'sAis ? xsttumuffi
U?? 3iVu3 Of ?KSKE vfiHH
Marls OaSrlrte, youngest daughter of Duk
Carl Theodor o Bavaria, the famous royal
oculist, who has just performed hU four
thousandth operation on the eye for cata
ract with tho greatest success. In this
splendid -work he has been ably assisted by
his beautiful young daughter and her
mother, his second wife, the Princes3 Maria
Joepha cf liraeanza. Duke Carl Theodor
res'des in the ancient family schloss at
Tegernsee. his ophthalmic hospital bavins
been built, and is maintained at his cm
cost. Hundreds of poor people are here be
ing treated free of charge by this royal
benefactor. There are two more daughters
besides thoe referred to. namely, the
Duchess William of Urach. Counters of
Wurtemberc. and the Duchess Sopnle. wife
of Count Torr'ng-.Tettcnbach, and two cons
the Hereditary Duke Ludwig William (IS),
and Duke Francis Joseph, named after his
imperial uncle of Austria, the late unfor
tunate Empress Elizabeth having been his
Prince Rupprecht. who is nearly ZZ years
of age. and nine years older than his pret
ty wife, is a. Colonel of the Bavarian Lire
Guards, and a most promising young oSl
cer. He represented tho Itoyal house of Ua
varia at the last jubilee, when he won
everybody's good opinion by his unassum
ing manner, and by declining all Legiti
mist" adulation: for he has Stuart blood In
his vein-. His mother is the Princess Ma
ria Theresa of Austria-Modcna-Bste. the
last Uneal descendant of the unfortunate
royal house, styled by Scotch and English
partisans. -Queen .Mary JV. of England and
ill of bcotlauil." an empty honor In no way
claimed bv herself, n. ih will -na .imihf I
-- , ...,....
f " -.i.w:i,,l i . -11 I I
I lr r' f JY?-' - JiWMK5li!WPBfciCK 1 1 C
1 nz. jiu. j rr-TV-L. vvj J-iij-.x i-c;rc y.7 y r "l s . .
- TZ.H JkFfB- J?UJ- nOM
tc tub- c:ai.JB .
Charles T. Jones,
Yards have a comblntd killing capacity ev
ery hour of l.Orto hogs. tM) sheep and SO1)
cattle. The cold-storage capacity of these,
two packing-houses Is 10.0"0 sides of beef.
l'j.000 hogs and COW sheep. The transition of
a steer from the receiving pens at the stock
jards to dressed sides of beef hung to the
coolers, i- a matter of but an hour's time.
I luring tills PTiod thu cJttli are unloaded
from the tar- Into the reri-lie peas, thero
lns-perted and then run in;o ihi selling
V TH PMUCESi WJrWEWTCP
mm, im m mm f
J SON AND HHR.
i FrnTOTri r-Mirwmcw i
3Jrr. cay grace the throne of Bavaria, only
second to that of Prussia in all Germany.
Thus the infant Prince is of more than or
dinary lnteret and sympathy, by being the
descendant of Charles I, the Martyr King,
through bis daughter, Mary Henrietta,
whereas King Edward only claims descent
from a daughter of James I."
Two interesting groups of the famllv of
Queen Alexandra are also reproduced. They
include Prince Christian of Denmark and
his sister, the Princess Louise of Schaum-berg-Lippe,
her Majesty's favorite nephew
and niece in the Danish group are repre
sented two future Kings of Denmark,
grandsons of the monarch who gave to
England tho "sea king's daughter." Prince
Christian Charles Frederick Albert Alexan
der William Oieir presumptive to the throne
of Denmark) was born at Charlottenlund on
Septemlier 2G. ISTrt. and is of course, the eld
er brother of Prince Charles, married to
King Edward's daughter. Princess Chris
tian was the Princess Alexandra of Meck-Icnhurg-SchwMin.
She was born on De
remlicr 21. IS?.' Her sister, the r-..
Louise inamed after the mother of Queen
?.IZ... .-. i- ,?S- "" " --"peuaasen
KUi UUiJ lf UK
ryfmrWSf ' H
t '-. -a ' -r'. ; m jo?
'y -;- - i i vrasfe, sm vi i
:W.i vS-3.iS- VJ r"
General Manager National Stock
pens. The buyers and sellers are awaiting
the arrival of tho cattle, tho quality of
which Is known beforehand. An expert
bujer rides through thejpens. bids for the
cattle or pass the cpmmlsolon man the
price asked. In the event that the Inner
is employed by one of the big pack ni;
houses. a memorandum slip Is given the
It Is convert 5 into monev as soon as the
cattle are weighed, lot al' cattle are sold
Wtfl -"WaSTM "s aMWsrNDSAKLY
St TWO UTTii KRS5 AS TWO AHO TriS
Concerning Her First Book.
WRITTEN FOR THE STTNDAT REPUBLIC
Manicure High polish? How well your
nals are beginning to look! The cuticle Is
still a little rought. though I was saying
only the other das, to Miss Mayme there,
that your nails certainly were doing fine.
"Mirs Fifty-Thousandth's nails is a won
df." I said. Didn't I. Mavme" You write,
don't you' Some one gave me your hook
not long ago. I haven't finished it, but
what I did read was real pleasant. I've
often thought I'd write I know I could; but
a friend of mine, beautifully educated gen
tleman, says that mv forte Is the stace.
When he said that, I had the funniest feel
ing here (placing her hand over her heart).
It was lust like he'd said something I'd
always known. I beleive. I will go on the
stage or take up writing. I don't suppose
it's very hard work to write a book like
yours, is it?
An Intimate Friend You dear, famous
girl! Like every one else I'm simply in
sane abut your book. It's quite the jolly
goodest thing I've read. Diana is so adora
ble. Oh. I mean, you know, the heroine's
name, these things slip away from me In
the most alarming way. And the man!
Absolutely charming! I think that conser
vator) scene is too . Nn conservatory
scene? How stupid of me" Well. deal, you
ought to make millions. Any one so clever
as you should turn out half a dozen of
those slight little things n vear.
The Dressmaker: Te finished leading
your story, and It Just looks to me as If It
had been snt by Providence. "Jlmznle,"
A bunch of Texas rattle ready for
by the hundred weight. After the salo the
cattle are run down the main alley to one
of the scaIehous. There big bunches
are weighed ut one time. From the ecale
house the cattle are driven Into another
pen until wunted for slaughtering pur
poses Here Is where the services of a
trained steer are necessary. This- steer is
kn.vn as tht "J- a lsariot." for he
. ads the cattle from the last pen Into the
l billing bed " Without the Judas as a
1 ader the cattle could not be handled. A
quicker and easier form of death from u
lim:ne standpoint than that which Is
, meted out to the cattle under the present
, '-vstem !- hardly possible As the Juda
bads the cattle into the "killing bed" they
i .ire bunched in twos or threes in small bins.
' A stalwart negro, with muscles of Iron.
i then swings a sledge hammer, striking each
steer in the middle of the forehead. Un-
consciousness and usually death results, but
before a second has elap?d the butchers on
j the "Jxllling bed" have strung the anlmaN
i up bv their hind legs and hac cut their
throat;". The skinning i the worl: of an
! irstant and in a few minutes the cattle
tiave been eonerted into dressed beef read
! :' the butcher shop
There i- no wastt in a modern packing-
iuse. n-.e:j portion of the beef is used.
That meat which i not m demand in the
i'i."ft-r st-op N ground into sausage meat
.uid rushed into the smoke house. The
I hoofs, hides, hair horn. bones and all. are
used m the manufacture of glue, fertilizer
, and other products, while the best portions
j of the fat. which are alo unsalable in a
i butcher shop, are refined into stearine and
I forms the basl for oleomargarine and but
terine The lemalnder of the fat Is refined
1 into tallow for candles and for soap.
j The St. Iiuis National Stock Yards was
piojeeted in 1570. .mil on June 1. 1ST! ground
j was broken b Charlfs T Jones, low th
; general maiuigt r of the yards. Tt. eom
. pany as organized in New York, aitl built
the yards in Illinois- because no available
slie could be fuum! on the Missouri side of
j the riwr. although the institution has al
i wai. been known as the St Iouifi National
Stuck Yard.- The institution was opened
! for business on No ember '3), 1ST3. the im
' provements costing Jl..-i.n.
my brother, you know, that nice-looking
boy, about 17 well, he's got a sort of a fan
cy for writing, and I gave him your book.
"Here. Jim." I said, "you can do as rood
as that." Now he's thinking of going Into
the business: and you'll excuse the ques
tion. Miss Flft) Thousandth but Is it true
that you get paid well for vov- pieces' If
you do. I think "Jlmmle" would get along
real nice at it He ain't lit for much else,
being siikl) and he stutters so he can't
get i place to clerk He's bright enough. If
he is a little backward, and If vnn emitri
kind of help him along until he gets his
start, why I'd be glad to throw off some
thing on vour gowns
The Schoolgirl Mts Fifty Thousandth,
am I asking too much to request you to
glance over some of my manuscript? I ex
press ni)self almost entirely In vers", you
see Here Is a little thing I have just fin
ished. Papa wishes me to send it to Har
pers, mamma to the Atlantic Monthly but
I. prefer the "entary Might try the "mall
Why Miss Fifty Thousandth, what do you
mean? Would possibly suit X "s? That's
a second-class magazine.
Old Man. Well, they brought me your
book to read The voung people seemed to
like it. hut it was all Greek to me. It's sell
ing well, they tell me. and I suppose that !
all you care about I would have expected
something a little more serious from your
father's daughter I have lieen wlldlng the
pen myself iitel). writing the history of
my native town and 1 have come across a
treat wealth nf material, which I have been
sorting out, sifting, etc. My work com
prises three volumes already. Now. I want
you to go over it carefully with me. and
then find me a publisher. That Is not much
to ask. is It"
written ron the sfxivat ncrm ic-
Women's clubs arc to be reckoned with
as factors in the social and philanthropic
life of any community. That the club wom
en of Missouri have ix-en active philan
thropists lias Iwen attested by the recent
decision to build a Hall of Philanthropy
in connection with the Louisiana Purchase
That the Missouri Federation of Women's
Clubs is now s-nding out hundreds of books
throughout the State to isolated communi
ties is a fact not generally known. The
system of traveling libraries, which has
proved so successful in seeral States has
been iuauguraiec. in Ml'svun by the club
women of the State.
Miss Mary I'erry of St Louis was the
first chairman of the committee which in
stituted the traveling library as a part of
club work The work here in Missouri was i
started by the Wednesday Club. It
became a field of endeavor for the State
Federation. This car Mrs. George O. Car-
11. T , v t
penter is chairman. During her ab-ei.ee in
Europe, Mrs. Frederic. M. Crunden. the
secretary, acts as chief officer. The Wednes
day Club has made numerous contributions
to these libraries. The Society of Colonial
Karnes has presented a beautiful library
entlrdy of colonial literature The State
Federation now has more than lifty libra-
ries of lifty flumes, each, which are
shipped on request to anj part of the State
to responsible, persons.
The traveling library system is a very
, , . , , , ,
simple one. The books packed in strong
cases or chests, are shipptd to this or that
village or town, where they are open to
public use ijuite after thi manner of our
own I'ublic Library of St. Iuis.
A modest little leaflet issued by the Mis
souri Federation of Women'x-.ciubs. Hureau
of Traveling Libraries, makes this an
nouncement: What the flubs Offer
Towns and Villages.
"Do you know that for S2 you can obtain
for your community or school the use of
lifty books for four or six monthsT'
"This, in brief', is what the Missouri Fed
eration of Women's Clubs offers to the
towns and villages of the State.
"For application blanks, catalogues and
full particulars, address Mrs Frederick M.
Crunuen. secretarv, 2G3T Laclede avenue. St.
Louis. "Mo "
This announcement means much to thoe
communities which are without a public li
brary and In which study clubs and reading
circles ar organized only to die in a sea
son. Here is the form of application re
quired bj the federation.
"The undersigned, citizens- of . here
by nppl for the loan of Traveling Library
No. subject to the regulations of the
-Missouri Federation of Women's Clubs, re
lating to traveling libraries.
"We agree to take good care of and cir
culate, in so far as we feel Justified in our
community the books you may send u. at
our request e w II forward same under
jour direction in four month- from date of
"Inclosed please find money order for 52
to ner cost of transportation to and from
distributing points "
(Signatures of two or more residents of
Two dollars for the use of fifty volumes
for four months! What an opportunity is
here afforded! Women's Clubs, are under
taking a work that will proe to be fruit
ful of the best results Here is the list of
books in the traveling library No. 29. This
library was presented by the Wednesday
Club of St. Louis.
There are twenty-five books for juven
iles "Little Women" and "Jo's Hoys," by
Miss Alcott: "I'inocchta.'s Adventures,"
ttanslated by Jlezckiah liutlerwortii:
"Alice's Adieutures in Wonderland." by
L.-wIs Carroll; "The List of the Mohicans,"
by J. l'cnlmore Cooper
'Storlew From Vir-
Mi." by the Iteverend A. J Church; "Down
the Lane and Back." by Doctor M. C.
Cooke; "Oliver Twist." by Dickens; "Storied
of Great Americans for Little Americans."
by Edwurd Eggleston, "Jtd; a Boy's Ad
ventures in the Army of 'C1-6.V by War
ren Lee Goss; "Tom Browns School Dajs"
and "Tom Brown at Oxford." by Thomas
Hughes; "Grandfather'a Chair" and "A
Wonder Book." by Nuthar.lel Hawthorne;
"In His Name." by E. E. Hale. "Beric. the
Briton." by G. A. Hentj . "The Book of the
Ocean," by Ernest Ingersoll: "Some Cur
ious Flyers. Creepers and Swimmers." by
James Johounof. "Tales From Shake
speare, by Charles and Mary Limb; "Lit
tle Folks in Feather and Fur.'
Thorne Miller. "Dicky Irving,
biography of a Bird," by Virginia ShaTp
Patterson; "'Ethics of the Dust." by Bus
kin; "Beautiful Joe." h Marshall Saund
ers; "The Arabian Night's Entertainment."
by the Itevcrend Tyler Tonns.nd; "Illus
trated Natural History for Young People,"
by J. G. Wood.
History: "The War of Independence." by
John Fiske: "Social Life in Old Virginia."
by Thomas Nelson Page, "Imperial Get
many," by Sidney Whitman.
Travel: "Gondola Days." by F. Hopkln-
Poetry: "Poetical Works of KobTt
Burns" and Eugene's. Field's "Iive Songs)
Art: "Wonder Tales From Wagner." by
Anna Alice Chapin. "lComan and Medieval
Art." by W. II. Goodyear
Miscellaneous: "Autocrat of the Break
fast Table." by Oliver Wtndel Holms. Lit
tle masterpieces by Cirlie. Buskin and Ma
cnuley; "Ars Beetl VIrer.dl," by Georse Wil
liam Curtis; "Ilememlier the Alamo." by
Amelia E. Barr. "A Window in Thrums."
by J. M. Barrle. "The Fisher Maid." bv
BJornstjorne Bjornson "When Knight
hood Was In Dower " bj Charles Mijor;
Silas Mnrner." bs George Eliot. "The Sio-
ry of an Untold Love." b Paul I.elceqter
Ford; "Guenn." by Blanche Willis Howard:
"Blp Vnn Winkle," by IrvHg. "Plain Tn'es '
From the- Hills" oy Kipling; -.loin Hail
fax. Gentleman." bs
Scat, of the Might)."
"Henry Esmond." bv
Harum," by Westrott
ltnry Information " hy
Miss Mulock: "The
bj Gilbert Parker.
"Handbook of San
Boger S. Tracy.
Traveling Library Contains
Long List of Fiction.
; list of fiction It v
Charles J. Drury
W. contains a l..s
presented hy Mrs Charles J. Drury of
Atchison. Kay -i
In States where there are traveling libm
rles It seems the most successful work has
been done where there Is a state free libra
ry commission This commission, empow
ered by the Legislature of the State, taks
the work In hand, and co-operates with the
women's clubs and other philanthropic as
sociations, taking the gifts of libraries and
acting as distributing agents.
The Missouri Sta'e Association has ap
pointed a commltten"n work for a free li
brary commission in this State. Effort arc
being made to present to the Legislature
the Importance of the work 'hat may le ac
complished by such a commission.
Free Llbr.iT Commissions arc now do
ing good work In New York. Michigan.
Iowa. Ohio. Minnesota Maine and Wiscon
sin. In fact, the s)stem of traveling librar
ies inaugurated in lsS2 hv .Mr. Melvil D
y. librarian of the State Library of New
York, has heen followed by two-thirds of
the Stafs of the t'rion.
The problem of the Free Library in coun
try and village was unanswered until Mr.
Dewey began his new system ten vears
ago. Writing of the problem. Mr. F A.
Hutchins. of the Free Library Commission
of Wisconsin, says:
"For some years careful students of the
library movement In the United States have
felt confident that every resident of n city-
would soon have good library privileges
without fee. The rivalry of cities, the grow
ing belief In the necessitv of free libraries
m our general syMem of education, and the
feeling that public libraries are the most
enduring monuments are uniting to secure
-for such libraries great private and public
Sifts. L'ntll ten years ago, hoevr. there
j give free aceess tn collection rT good boqlcs)
" limners uuu me remem 01 sniau vil
lage The almost universal lack of lib
rary privileges in rural communities has
not arisen so muih trom failure u appre
ciate books as from certain practical dif
ficulties m the methods of supplving them
Whertver suitable volumes were bought
and new books wtre frequentl) "Upplied the
hbrant-s flourished as vigoruusH in the
country as m th( eit). It was, evldt-nt then
that if some plan could b devised tt give
( ountry people books selected bv educated
burrs. and to give them fresh books ift
frequent intervals, the problem "1 giitng
farmer successful libraries would be
soli ed "
The solution came with Mr. Dewev s plan
In 1S32 In that vear he secured from the
legislature of New York an appropriation
tor hi- traveling library system. With t- s
mon-y Mr. Iewe liought a number of
nnall libraries of 10U volumes p. h Sta
tions for them were made In villages in
i sehcnl. and in connection with unlverslt'
extension centers ana study eiups A
library was sent to a station to remain ss.
I months, and at the end of that pcrlud it
ma" J,,' 10 Aluam to ,w m u .,.
To secure the preservation and safe re
turn of the book-.. Mr. Dewev demanded
I certain pledges. In communities ha-.lng no
I'uWic library or accredited school lu re-
. U 'rT:
j chct wuh lt ent a m,rarv case a
I charging outfit and a number of tmall
j i rimed, annrt itnl 'atalngue" The llbrifv
j was managed. a far a- practicable like .1
I ;:on,, hmjU !'"1,lk libr?r- Th' !n V'
pose was. to show people how grcatl a li-
, ,ra may ,,rnint' a .mmunl! ,
,.rPaJp a ,iestre for a lirt llhrar. From
nI(. larger communities Mr Dewev ask'd
j pledges that efforts would soon be made to
establish jiermanent libraries.
The work In New York lias grown steadi-
ly. In 1WS. si years after the beginning of
the system. ."34 traveling libraries were in
constant use A uniform fee of $3 is
charged for the use of a library of 10)
volumes, and smaller fees are charged for
smaller libraries. Despite the fee. the local
managers must make th library free and
accessible to all residents of the com
munity. New Y'ork now has libraries for
specLU students and study classes in many
branehes of science. literature and art.
Some States have made appropriations of
52n a year for the purchase and mainte
nance of traveling libraries, besides the ex
penses of tile State Free Library Commis
sion The expense is ridiculously small in
comparison with the results accomplished.
State of Wisconsin Maintains
Free Library CouuniKsiun.
In Wisconsin, where the traveling library
system i ablj managed and is remarkably
successful, the State maintains the Free
Library Commission, but makes no appro
priation for the purchase of books. Tho
books are donated by associations, women's
clubs and individuals'. The labor of organ
izing the libraries and putting them at.
work is done by the Free Library Com
mission. In this manner the libraries ara
kept up at the smallest possible expensrt
and accomplish the best results. Carefully
kept statistics guide the commission in the
class of books desired by certain communi
ties, and the bst method of attaining the
desired end, "The formation of permanent
llbraris and the better organization of
those now In existence."
"Had I power I would sow the land tv'lh
librarfles as the sower sows his wheai
fieids." said Horace Mann, ears ago. Thht
sentiment Is the motto of the Wisconsin.
Free Library Commission, and a cut, show
ing the sower sowing his seed, 1 the ccia-misi-Ion's
book plate. n
Mr Hutchms lemarks that the ease wllii
whicli the new plan of library extension
nay be adapted to meet various- needs ma.v
be shown in a rapid s-ummary of the .worjt
done, by a few- systems of traveling libra-,
ries "Some women in New Jersey haya
used them to lighten the long winter da8
and evenings of the brave men who blonz:
to the life-saving service, and that Statu
nas now taken up the traveling library 3a
a definite part of the work of its State- if-..
brary; other women, in Salt Like City send
them regularly to remote valleys In Utah;
a number of State federaUons of women's
clubs use them to furnish books for stui!y
to isolated clubs; Mrs Eugene B. Heard of
MIddleton. Ga., is devoting herself to the
supervision of an admirable system whicft
reaches a large number of small villages in
the Seaboard Air Line in five Southern
States; an association In Washington. D. C,
puts libraries on the canal-boats which plyT
on the Washington and Potomac Canal in
the summer, and 'tie up in email hamlets
in the Blue Bidge Mountains in the wlnterf
,1,' colored graduates of Hampton Instltuto
carry iiDrnries to me scnoois lor ineir own
people at tne nawc or the cumber.and
Mountains, while to the 'mountain whites'
libraries are sent by women's club in Ken
tucky. Tennessee and Alabama. In Idaho.
California. Nebraska. Kansas. Illinois. Mis
souri. Minnesota and many other States,
women's clubs are doing the same work fer
miners, lumbermen, farmers and sailors.
There isi no neeJ to tell in detail of Uje,
Instances where individual, family and cdtn
munitv life has been brightened and qutcji
ened bv the wholesome and entertaining; r
books that have found their way to sordvl
homes and isrlated hamlets. Even in great
e'ties like Philadelphia the new system ha
forced bonk through new channels Jnto
places where they had been rarely used-
Stale Commissions Succeed
1 Set Icr Than Private Associations.
State commissions have succeeded fc-etter1
than private nsocjntion establishing
permanent libraries because they work
!arst!j to that end and offer more effec
tle assbUanre In organizing new libraries
The commissions have at their command
the llbrar experience of the wrrld, their
j i)nr,4 ,,re letter adapted to- their purpose.
the'r loan svslems are more practical and
huineis-iikc. the) do more to communicate
the -librar) pir't" to th librarians and
managers of the little libraries, and they
can better care for the book when returned
I" the central station" In n word, they
make the managcmnt of traveling libraries
Here are seme pointed truths which Mr.
Traveling libraries mut have books thit
w'll Interest the people whom they arc in
tended to benefit, they must be put in th
j r'gnt pjaee. ,n charge of the right people.
ami tney must he carefully supervise!.
The most needy plac?- must have careful
ly chosen books. An habitual reader will
read nnv resectable book rather than !:
Id'e. but the range of books that will hold
untrained renders is very limited.
Llb-ars mude up cf gifts from prlvata
libraries haw rarely been permanently suc
cessful The people who have tried to lav
cp traures in heaven b contributing- "H
book" to ttnveling libraries hate often In
jured a mnst worthy cause.
L!r-rar'-K in country communities should
be in home or public places where pconla
feel free to go.
I 'Iff f rent vi mmunltles vary in their nedj.
The f.im'lies about a siwmlll In Northern
W'scnns.n demand stories, while n comraun
itv nf "mountain whites" holdj novels la
Mnm Isolated romniunittes find nrrt
pleasnre 'n the iies of perlod'eals wl!cl
are freqtinli sent with the hooks A. tjml
housewife- enjoys an illustrated paror ir
magazine more than a book and a rrour.
b'-v often gets his first idea that reading
may be a pleasure from a copy of tha.
"Youth's Com .anion." -
If traveling libraries are advertlseel'.tn b
sent for a fee. even a moderate one, ther
will be drawn to the most intelligent omT
munities where people are most willing 'to "
pay for library prliileges and where" tht'j
flrst hear nf new opportunities. If. Iicn
ever, agents for traveling libraries, can tj
sent out, ihey can find the most needy ehm
munities and the persons bst fitted to b II-"-brarians
"Such communities need personal,"
hand-to-hand work In the cause of edtrea- '
lion, and associations of itialUduals work
ing near their own homes can do a WoVlfc
that cannot be done at present by Stal)
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