THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. MAY 18, 1902.
PICTURE OF CHRIST
ON HOLY SHROUD.
Joitor Vijrnon. and Piofesor Oaulliit r Explain The Phenomenon of
tin Savior's Portrait Controversies That Ilavc Raged
I.esanliuir Jt- Aulheutk-iiv.
jernrrAi. in- caulk.
Pari Stay 17 Voltaire, smiling sardonlc
Jnllj on ' - pidebtal on the Qual Contl,
would hoto iieen surprised couia. no nave
taonn whit wa happening doso by, ins'de
I the Mnzailne Palace
Ir the first time since the Acadtic of
pcltrcr wjis founded the name of JeMis
I Christ at u tired bifore the learned eotn-
' pan (Moreot r, for more than half an hour
!th flfl members pretent and a numlrr of
distinguished l,itors (including Prince Al
bert f Monauj listened spellbound, whl
ProfeSor Yet Uelace, the (H"eat zoologist
find bl'lotrth', romniunlcated to them the
I results of Io"tor Paul Vlgiion's lnvestUa
ftlons recardlnc, the stains on the Holy
Rhnud nie-wrved at Turin.
The -e-u f Uoctor I'aul Visnon's le
pearch i. monM rates that these stains are
ihclngr.i hii n4j;aiie of the Savior's boil.
Imprinted upon the shroud hi a chemical
process neam low yearsi before, the pres
ent art of. ihotOK""ipliy was born, proffsi-or
Delag placed reproductions of tliese pho
tographs before his colleagues).
The next day all Paris was talking about
Doctor Vignon's ducoverles. The photo
graphs -were exhibited at the Figaro olllce,
where "thousands of people crowded Into the
"salla, de depeches" to get a. glimpre of
them. Strong men were seen to trembleand
.-women to weep.
31. "Waldock-Rouseau. the French Pic
mler, accompanied by Mme. Waldeck-Rous-iseau,
'parsed nearly two hours examining
The-Holy Shroud of Turin has been known
In Western Europe since 13iJ, and Is raid to
have .tjeen brought from the liist by Cru
sader). For five centuries and a half It has
been Ih safe keening and has always borne
l brown'stalns. which have been regarded by
'Catholics as tne imprint or tne sacred Dociy.
Ever:slnce the Middle Ages controversies
have tvigt-d among scholars regarding the
authenticity of tlie shroud. The opinion
generally held by .skeptics was that the
sjiroun was maue during tne eariv centuries
of the Christian era as a ceremonial adjunct
of wotgthlp and had gradually acquired the
reputation of a sacred relic. The features
and farm outlined upon the linen were said
,to berthc work of a mere artisan.
P3otosrrnpli- It even led .Marks.
Jn 1WS the royal house of Savoy, whose
property the shroud Is. j ermitted Cavallero
Pla tcriphotoRraph It.
Xowfeas Is well known, a photographic
objective detects details which escape the
numatteye. The details of the figure were
wveaja more distinctly on the photographs I
than on, the s-UDnle tissue.
Further, the photographs revealed a sin
gular fmjt which nobody had ever suspected.
This whs that the marks on the k.iroud
presented tho characteristics of a photo
graphlci negative, that Is. tho dark parts of
the picture appeared light and the light
parts; dirk. Inspection showed that the
Khroud?,Jore two images. On ono half was a
full fnt view of a man's body, on the other
a bacjctvlew. This come to the knowledge
of Docttr Paul VIgnon, tho young "French
cclentlrti whose subsequent Investigations
liave created ,an unparalleled stir In Paris.
Spe4Stlriff to a Herald correspondent in
the drawing-room of his residence. In Boule
vard do pa Tour Jlaubourg, Doctor VIgnon
"I commenced my researches without any
s pricjrl ,theory, looking at the shroud as a
mere .linen, cloth, four metres ten centime
tres long, one metre, forty centimetres wide.
yellow with age, worn out and tattered; in J
places, , sn'aur uamsra uy lire, ntnnns .
Tacue outlines. The nroblem I nosed to
; rojsclf, "was What- Is the origin ot the
cioin ana tne imprint.'
The tissue bears negative Impressions.
Could an artist or artisan a forcer of nast
t centuries make these marks? I acquired the
f'convict!on that this was not the cane. It Is
'DOCTOR. PAUL. VIGNON. DOCTOR ARMAND GAVTIKR.
!t xtrci$ly difficult, if not impossible, for a
M .palntro reproduce a negative with mathe
LfitlnJI1tviTTOptnecc ffhv alim,!, fi moHMn-
ival artist render his fradulent task more
flllncutr-by superfluously making his picture
cAnatomlenl Delnlls J-'hoTrn.
"Arfali.tho photographs reveal anatomical
details Ignored in the Middle Agen and a
perfection of design also unparalleled.
"Is'ixt. I sought to ascertain whether the
brown utalns might havo been produced by
contact. I endeavored to produce colored
,7,owdtrs and fixatives. The result of my cx-
' nerlnients In this direction are Incorporated
ilp "Lo-LJnceul du Christ." my book on the
tioiynroua. wnicn jiessrs .viason as co.
like oandj-. The? re
move any kfcd t.ste
In the month. larinr
the brrath swoet ana
pcrfamed. It is a
real pleimn to talta
them lmtead of nan-
,seattBC Hqulds or eannon-kaU pills.
are purely Te table
and contain o mir
cnrtal or other min
eral poison. They
are nade of the lat
tt remedies dlseor
ered and are a itcioa-
5cer before pnt together in any form.
are antiseptic- That
means they stop nn
digested food from
soaring Jn the stom
ach, prertnt fer
mentation In the
towels and kill dis-
svk MPMt af kb v
kjnd that breed and feed In the system.
tone the stomach and
bowels and stimulate
the lazy liver, raak
lnr it work. They
strengthen the bow
els and pot them into
f ttalr a-rtion oasy and natural.
?jvl EEST F0R THE B0WELS jT
.VSiijJr" t V , CATHARTIC jJ?
Dos't Judge CASCARETS by other medicines you hve tried. They ire
-newnnIike anything else that's sold, and infinitely superior. Try a ten-cent
''- I i. .-.j.-
Larger boxes, 25gjOr 50c,
mailed free. Address
will publish shortlv. It became clear to
:ne attei tht-io pracllc.il tests, that the
s-talns were not pioduced by contact, were
not due to coluring matttr imbedded In the
"The problem lemained unsolved. The su
premel;, beautiful is.ise leprodueed in the
photograph the marks of the n-iil"
through the wrNis (not through the hand)
the outline of the nUsnluielv nude bod, the
traces of wounds resulting frem lljgella
tion. marks like blood clots In the middle
of the shroud hu did thi become im
printed on the s-liroud?
"The question left me no rej-t until I hail
found the s-cientiut tolutlon The first Htep
toward unraelling the mvstery w.t-a made
when Major Cobon. the eminent Hcole Viy
technlque piofessor. gae me the benefit of
his sensational discoveries in photographic
Tets Mnde to I'ntlmut Mntory.
"Major Colson found that certain metallic
vapors will Influence photographic plates
from u distance For Instance, he n"cer
t lined tint frc m cold zln emanate vap'irs
which act upon nitrate of .silver, and he was
able b deposing pulverized zlne on a medal
and u-p"nding a photographic plate above
the medal to obtain
photograph of the
"Subsequently Major Coloon rubbed pul
verized zinc on a plaster cast representing
the head of Christ. The cast was then placed
on the sensitive side of a photographic plate
and shut up In a bor. Two days later the
plate was developed. It gave a negative in
which the parts of the cast which had
touched ft were dark and the other parts
lighter. In proportion to their distance from
the plate. By reproducing the marks on a
t-econd photographic plate a positive of the.
head was obtained. The photograph is least
distant in the parts whffh were most dis
tant from the plate.
"At first" sight this experiment may seem
to have no connection with the stains on the
shroud. There was no zinc near the shroud
and the tissue was evidently not Impreg
nated with nitrate of silver.
Butf.misht there not .have been other
active vapors, and might not the shroud
have been impregnated with other Impres
sionable substances than nitrate of silver?
This was the ne-st question to present, itself.
"The Gospel, all historical texts and tra
dition agree that the body of Christ was
wrapped in a linen cloth, with a mixture of
myrrh and aloes. Major Colson discovered
that aloe? are Impressionable to certain or
ganic vapors. Aloetine, one of the chemical
principle1 of aloes, readily oxidizos and
forms a brown substance, particularly un
der the influence of alkalis.
"Major Colson therefore sousht whether.
might not give off alkaline vapors, which.
by diffusing, would act unon the mixture nf
myrrh and aloes.
"nxperlments wcie made, and It was
found that a rotation of ammonia, placed at
a certain distance from a linen sheet sat
urated jIth oil and aloes would cause the
tissue tbbecqhio brown. Still more, the
brown tint is permanent and the linen sheet
retains Its supplenes.
I.lnen Ilerame llrnvrn.
"Then a plaster cast of a hand Impreg
nated with a bolutlon of ammonia was
placed In a suede leather glove and cov
ered with linen snaked In a decoction of
aloes. The linen became brown proportion
ately to the distance of the various parts of
the hand from the linen. The atnmoniacal
vapors passed through the glove and gave
art excellent reproduction of the back of
But, admitting that the shroud contained
a substance Impressionable by ammoniacal
vnporp, now couiu tnese vapors be pro-
duced? The solution Is that a human body.
KiwiiK uu iv Krwit afju 01 painoioeicai per
spiration, would do this. In morbiu sweats
the proportion of urea given off by the skin
Is very considerable.
"Here we aro served by the researches of
Trofessor Armand Gautlcr. member of the
Academy of Sciences, professor of chem
litry at the faculty of medicine at Paris
University. Professor Gautler has shown
and written that "urea apears In such
large quantities In certain sweats that It
crystalizcs on the surface of the skin. With
man) diseases the perspiration becomes ab-normalls-
alkaline through the presence of
carbonate of ammonia. The death agony
of a person suffering from high fever is
characterized bv the emission of viscous
perspiration rich In urea.'
"Consequently a corpse wrapped In a
shroud Impregnated with aloes while cov
ered with ammoniacal perspiration gives oft
vapors which will reproduce a picture of
the body on the shroud.
Increase the Cow of
A tablet eaten
by the mother makes
bermilk mildly parr
tire aad has a mild
but certain effect on
mn uauj . bur "utj
safe laxatlre for the iab-ln-arms.
arellkod by the chil
dren. They taste
good and do good
stop wind-roll e and
cramps, and kill and
drire off worms and
all kinds of para
sites that lire In the
bowels of the crowing child.
taken patiently, per
sistently ?e Enaran
teed to rare any case
of constipation, no
matter-bow old and
obstinate, or pur
chase money will be
by yonr own druggist.
are sold by all drag
UU for 10c, 25r,
50c a box, accord
ing to else. A 10c
box will proTe their
merit ana put yon on
the right road to per
fect and TTrma.nnt
FOR 10 CENTS
health. Don't rUk delay
: -. .i....j ... v..ti
uvv Jie.scu (cv uur uiuucy uau.1
Sample and booklet
titcT co.,Vmmei uowmm. cji.i nnw.
The Wedding Ring should carry with it the promise of a well furnished home a promise than can easily
be fulfilled by coming to The People's. The whole town has awakened to the fact that this is the ONE Store in all St. Louis
for complete home outfits the Store that offers the largest assortments and best qualities at lowest prices the Store that gives you all the credit you want and permits
you to arrange yonr on-n terms of payment. TALK ABOUT BARGAINS just glance at this week's offeringi.
QUICK MEAL GAS
RANGES, ig IJJffQ 2Ll Bb4! ' ' see M MQ Wndy.
like cut SWiWlJ .---.,.-, .-,- a these lij Per Pair
ITV (l fl l Consisting of One Large Howl and Six Individual M w II jroh?i llr5? JiftZTI IRk
V Is' B Dishes to match fllonday, per set MTPIU rjgjTCjgai, ITTl j(ykggyi W
wwSart- . Thege gerry Sets are 0f finest crystal glass, in the very latest cut- -or Jl-Oail hi,-. -..
VFI OUR COUCH glass pattein. and (Ire poll-hed. The lirge bowls are the same size we sold UKe cui. SK. 2T
.mwwviy v"v"i , so manv of Iast jiond.iy-the six ImliviIu.U berry dishes arc each 4't-fnch , JS3la. f
.,, . .. a .size. The entire set Is extremely handsome In appearance, and would cost f ft. wS5oS!S3!I??j ra9
like cut. Sanitary fl rtl "you Iflilly 75c In any other -tore In the city. Monday, at The People's, the .... iJOC fTSSiw. L
COTTON TOP MATTRBSS Construction .."0,311 'n-ireofn GfiSH www ffij WS
full size. AP n-. cat,,rdav uiphfe Not More Than 0ne Set to No Te,eP-0Ie or fta Orders OR - WO fill 41
Ia7 J3 P Until 930. toaCustomer. L Will Be Filled. CREDIT. Wft M H
5' I9I-EI9?-II9I AS IUITWCTDsTrT DRESSERS. Hat Racks.
Extension Tables, j Qjj MiI MimO UL& ULl V E, O I lEL I. ) Hke s- -yr Qo.den Qfl
two leaves, Monday for.. VO s:::Sl-zSZ -Sa- g-;i-5agCfc cut....Vlf0 Oak...JaVU mk
"The Impressions on the holy shroud were
produced by this proces.
ImprintM lty Antnrnl Photoq:rnihy.
"The reasons which determine me to at
tribute to the body of Christ tho chemical
Impressions found on the Holy Shroud at
Turin will be developed In my forthcoming
work ("Lo Llnceul du Christ'), and will form
the subject of communications to the Acad
emic des Fclences Morales et Politique) or
the Acadcmle des Inscriptions et Belles Lct
tres. "The wounds on the body are such that
they suffice to Identify the corpse of Christ.
The photographs are eloquent In this re
spect. All around the skull, in the hair,
on the forehead, arc stains which resemble
clots of blood and form the crown of thorn.
On the left side Is a lenticular stain, which,
considered with other stains, shows the
flow of blood caused by the lance with
w hich Christ was pierced.
"The mark of the nail on the left wrist
appears In the photograph. This, indeed,
corrects a point of history. The nails driv
en through the hands would not have sup
ported the Son of Man upon the cross. They
were driven through the wrists.
"The results of this physico-chemical in
vestigation concord with the testimony of
eye witnesses of the Golgotha tragedy re
corded twenty centuries ago."
Doctor Vignon'a Miilrmcnt.
The correspondent mentioned to Doctor
VIgnon certain objections which have been
raided against his demonstration, it was
pointed out that some persons doubted the
identity of the shroud photographed by Cav
allero Pla with that brought from the Hast
In 1353. and that Kabelais spoke of the de
struction of the Uoly Shroud by fire In 1D32.
Doctor VIgnon replied:
"Itecords admittedly authentic establish
the identity of the shroud photographed
with the one known since 1375. It has been
under good guard, has been displayed at
intervals and artists have painted pictures
ot It at various times. The legend was. ac
credited by Rabelais and Calvin that tho
shroud was destroved by lire in 1K!2. Tho
shroud did not perish In that fire, but was
greatly damaged, as the photographs show.
"Cut that It Is the same shroud I shown
by the resemblance of the imprints It bears
with those of the Uetancon shroud, which
was a copy of It. And it need scarcely be
pointed out that In the Sixteenth Century
artists were no more capable of painting
those outlines than In the Fourteenth Cen
tury. "Canon Uiysse Chevalier, corresponding
member of the Academle des Inscriptions,
has stated that In 1353 an artist confessed
having painted the shroud. This objection
has been reiterated by G. de Mely. N'o such
confession was made or has been discov
ered. There exists merely an allusion to a
so-called confession. Hut I have demon
strated that the outlines could not have
been produced by a mediaeval artist."
Professor Armand Gautler. who subse
quently was seen In hl laboratory, at the
Faculty of Medicine, rendered high .tribute
to Major Cplson's chemical discoveries. In
connection with Doctor Vlgnon's work. He
modestly declared that Major Colson's re
searches were of far higher value than his
own observations. As a matter of fact,
however, the reader will notice that Pro
fessor Armand Gautler"s work furnished
Doctor VIgnon with his clinching argument
on the creation, by the body in the sweat
of agony, of the ammoniacal vapors which
acted upon the aloes.
First Physician: "And you say his case
Second Physician: "ft l inrt.H T hjr'i
befn able to collect a dollar from him ln.1
SKELETON THOUGHT TO
BE THAT OF A WHALE.
rofesor V. f Osmont. Who Discovered Odd-Looking Bonos, Thinks
They Came From the Sea at a Prehistoric Time When the
Sacramento Valley Was All Under Water.
Stockton. May 17. V. C. Osmont of the
Vnlverslty of California, who has been on
Union Island examining the bones of the
skeleton of a recently discovered prehis
toric animal. Is unable to tell what sort of
a creature when in life had such bones. He
says It should beeferred to as an "It-"
The old residents of this section, who
have more wirdom than was ever credited
to Solomon, have evolved all sorts of
theories, and some of them who know a
fish hook when they see one claim that, the
bones are from the skeleton of the father
of all catfish. Some who in the early days
tarvled up and down the river when rteam
boating on the Sacramento was enjoying
it palmiest cays, say the bones are likely
those of some one of the pioneer stern
wheelers that grounded In the tules and
rotted there. Already there ha e been many
heated arguments among the early settlers
a to the dates and locations of many of
the early steamboat wrecks In efforts to
place hulls of old boats at the rpot where
the bones were found.
Professor Osmont says. In spite of all
the theories of the pioneers, that the bones
are. In his opinion, those of a species of
the whale family. He believes that It came.
SP o m tne sea at a prehistoric time wjien
i. Jcremto Valley was all under water.
Mr. Osmont was- assisted In his 'work by
graiijiet.jliey disport that they fouijdUn,
; . ottn- ana 'i. v. wens, a Dnoto--
The greatest sale of Carpets this city has ever known will begin to-morrow
morning. We're heavily overstocked in this department, and to hurry the sell
ing we've slashed prices to cost and
Quantities are colossal more than enough to terve every
who will attend this ak but if you want first pkk, the
patterns, come as early In the day as possible.
Tlhrty-nlne bene were dug out and there
w-ere more in sight, but the water seeped
In so fast that operations Jiad to s-jspended
until a steam pump can be secured to drain
Among the bones recovered there were
twenty-one vertebrae, 10 inches in diameter,
thirteen large rlb, the upper portion of a
skull 4 feet In width at the base, a scapula
2 feet 9 inches on one edse and 2 feet 1
Inch on the other, and what appeared to be
two teeth, one of which had enamel on the
under side and both had rough edges. A
short, thick bone, about 19 inches in length
and 12 Inches In diameter, was also found,
but it was Impossible to figure out what
portion of the skeleton it came from.
The benes were first photographed ns
they were piled and then thev were placed
together as near as possoble like a skeleton.
The long bone was photographed with
Charley, the Jap. standing beside it. to
show Its length.
Tim first three feet of the soil where
the bones were found was light sediment
of recent formation, the next four feet
was peat. Professor Osmond states that
the soil lg of a recent geological period of
from 200 to 1.C00 years. The head of the
skeleton was ur stream. The nlace Is about
eighteen miles wesfcrof Stockton. Profes
sor. Osmont took a tooth from the find to
Berkeley, with" him." H will etve It to
Professor J. C MerrJan, who. It Is expected.
Will be abks.to'de-tertolnc the, species of,the'l,mountaln,but the peopU.ace (earful fif-an. .. .
"P i 1 1 m I Tail ! T ---' -T',ytWTiii r V ntfir'irifcr-rr'r"' -i
JB II TTf -W
to mm I
m kv Ad &, ft m mwa
m rfFy mJwm
one of the hundred"
choicest ot the best
Vto&Bmsi lit l
REFRIGERATORS, LACE CURTAINS,
WILL BE CELEBRATED
Estate Purchased for the Occasion
Will Be Presented to Henryk
London, May 17. Dumas tha elder and
the United States have the same birthday,
although It was proved only lately that the
author ot "The Three Musketeers'' was
ushered into his happy-go-lucky world on
July 4, Instead of July 24, the date usually
given. It was a hundred years ago and
France Is going to celebrate the centenary
with as much show, brilliance nnd festivity
as the recent Victor Hugo anniversary oc-
Uy a coincidence tne man on wnoss
shoulders Dumas's mantle fell. Henrjk
Sienklewicz. will be celebrating a birth
day jubilee at the some time, or rather
having it ctlebrated for him. for all Poland
Is preparing to inundate him on the oc
casion with speeches, ode1, hand-painted
addresses and nil the other paraphernalia of
Jubilees, together with another mark of
regard more useful and lefs common. From
a fund raised for the purpose a complete
estate has been bought for him and will
be presented to him. Ills literary achieve
ments, t-uch as "Fire and Sword," "Tho
Deluge" and "Quo Vadis" account for only
a part of all this enthusiasm. The rest of
It arises from his political activity in behalf
of Poland and his efforts to preserve the
Sienkiewicz lived for several ycara in
Southern California with a small band ot
Polish refugees, including Modjeska, the
actress, and her husband. Count liozenta,
who dreamed in vain the dream, so often
dreamed before, of establishing a. socialistic
community somewhat after the fashion ot
the Brook Tarm experiment. It was while
living In California that he planned the
romances which have since brought him
the reputation of being one of the greatest
of living novelists.
The Hugh Miller centenary is comtnjr
on, too. and has been greatly helped along
by Andrew Carnegie's offer to pav half the
cum. oi lurnmg me acugntiui old geologist's
house at Cromarty Into a museum, free
library and reading-room. Other Americans
are also Interested In the project and it
looks as If nearly all the funds would come
from the United States.
NEBRASKANS FEAR ERUPTION.
Miniature Volcano Has Been Send
ing Up Smoke and Steam.
Omaha, May 17. According to dispatches
Nebraska's miniature volcano has been
sending up smoke and steam for the last
The volcano is situated on the Missouri
River, in Cedar County, about 150 miles
above Omaha, and has been practically
dead for thirty years.
Reports sav that nil the sp'tlen in ,,
immediate neighborhood are preparing to
move. Geologists have said the smoke is
l&to th Utftttton rock formation of the
MURDERER WAS CHOKED.
First Person Garroted Since Amer
can Authority Was Established.
SPECIAL BY CABLE.
Manila, May 17. A man named Rlcafort,
convicted of murder, was executed at Llng
ayen, capital of the Province of Pangasi
Rlcafort was the first murderer to be gar
roted since American nuthorlty has been
established in the Philippine Islands. Tho
officials who witnessed this execution think
the sytem employed Insures .i quick and
humare death, but that such, an execution
is revolting to see.
"I had headacliev
and pain in the side."
If you will read the letter of Mrs.
McKenzie, given below, you will find
that she says " I had uterine disease,
also headache and pain in the side."
uterine disease is a common
cause of headache, back
ache, sidcache, nervousness
and other womanly ills.
jjr. nerce's Favorite
Prescription cures nter-
me disease, and,
the headache, side-
ache, etc., which t
result from a dis-i
cased condition of
the womanly or
is the best medicine for
women. It establishes
regularity, dries weaken
ing drains, heals inflam
mation and ulceration
and cures female weak
ness. Sick women are in
vited to consnlt Doctor
Picrce by letter, free.
All correspondence held
in strict privacy and sa
cred secrecy. Address
Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buf
falo, N. Y, -
"I took two bottled of your
'Favorite prescription Md
two of the 'Golden Medical
DUcoveryy and am feeling
well,1; writes Mrs. Dan Mc
Kenrie of Lorway Mines,
Cape Breton Co., Nova Scotial
"I had uterine trouble, also
headache-, anri ml. i. i.
ofuKuriJiSJrinni s. j
v7AJ'er.,'inS.?'ou'' medicine I got welt,
Youmay publish th& or use it lu anyway you
Hunk best, as I cannot speak too highly of Dr.
fierce and his medicines. " ,
r. Pierce's Common Sense Medical '
AUviser, paper covers, containing 1008
fKe Page, is seat free on receipt of ai
oneeat stamps, to pay expense of mail.;
&&: Afirea Dr. C?. HatWk.vs
Maurgg.---iyFWiri. "i Ji.
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