Newspaper Page Text
THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. JUM 1, 1902.
ST STUDENTS of the BIBLE
THE COMPILATION SHOWS A CAREFUL READING OF THE SCRIPTURES AND PRESENTS A MOST CAREFULLY PREPARED SUMMARY OF THE TEACHINGS OF JESUS.
The action o Conprrjn In ordering the
publication of "The Life and Morals of
Jesus of Nazareth." compiled from the
Gospels of Thomas Jefferson, the great
Democratic statesman, has awakened much
comment and tome adverse criticism. It has
also, however, again nttratcd attention to
the views of religion nnd the Bible held by
this second Tresjdcnt of the United States,
who drew up the Declaration of Inde
pendence. As a leader of men. a scholar, and jrentle
man, Jefferson I ever to-day In the public
mind. "Ills mission was leadership." li ton
been said of him. "and. without nn effort
on his part, f-xriresslons from his llp. th.it
from other men's would scarcely have .''
traded notice, lecamc thinceforth axioms
end crseds. and Catherine cries to sr-it
masses of his countrymen."
But af to his Inner religious beliefs "fie
sacred relation between man and his God."
he was- reticent. Hre was the th:ng t
which he ppoko low. et here was the
thins of which he probably thousht mit
Thin volume referred to as "Jeff.rson
Bible." open though It is to the cT.-'ire f
orthodox chnr.-liir.cn. if nevertheless '
rrltted to d a-'.o c an nsfnlshlns kn w
edge of the book. Evidently the ;;.""
wero as fnm'llir as the A 11 '"s to Jeffrnn
and evidently he had thought In nnd out
and around them until be was able to
transpose and rearranse most extensively
end yet rr'scrvo a connrctrd narration
The "Tabic of Texts." and Index to a c ipy
of which Is reproduced with this artl.-le is
in Jefferson's handwriting. It Is a K-y
to what Jefferson considered the 3rni al
portions of the four Gospels. Anybody rntv
Individually prepare a "Jefferson's Bill-1"
by taking two cheap Illbles and clipping the
texts as Indicated. In this manner it was
ilont by Jeffemon hlnvielf.
Life ami Moral Teaching
of Jesus Christ.
According to his own repression It was
Jefferson's Idea to o arrange the fxtruts
as to mal: a harmonica, whole.. Including
tho whole life and mora! tfaching of Jesus
Christ, "uhembarraffred with mntt'-r tf
fact or fnlth beyond the live! of ordinary
comprehension." All miraculous occurrences
and all matters Involving theological contro
versy are eliminated. The major portion of
Jefferson'." compilation Is published on this
page of the Sunday Republic.
To Clip texts as Indicated by Jefferson
will be found, by whoever attempts it. a not
uncomplicated task. Beginning In l.uke the
facts concerning the youth of Jesus of
Nazareth are brought out In a few verses.
Then It Is necessary to klp to Mark for
one verse, then to Mntthcw for three
verses, to Luke again for t tie
versa, and to John for four verses. Very
little space serves to bring the narration of
the life of Jesus to his thirtieth year. Then
come the precepts as delivered In the four
Gospels during tho three yearn before the
crucifixion. It Is 'Interesting to note that
the Sermon on the Mount from Matthew I
included with the exception of three verses,
nnd, with the insertion of several verms
Jefferson was assailed bitterly nnd de
nounced as "a profane philosopher" and
"an Infidel" by many of the clergymen of
Jila day. I!o voiced no public denials nor
defended himself, yet, always among his
most Intimate friends maintained that ho
lto a Christian In every sense of the word,
and stood for the teachings of Christ. In a
letter to a friend he said: "I am averse to
the communication of mv religious tenets
to the public; because Jt would countenane"
the presumption cf those who hove ondenv
cred .to draw them before that tribunal,
and to seduce public opinion to evict Itself
into that Inquisition over the rights of con
science which the laws Have so Justly pre
scribed. It behooves every man who values
liberty of conscience for himself to resist
Invasions of It In the case of others, or
their case may by the change of circum
stances, become his own. It behooves him,
too. In his own case, to give no example of
concession, betraying the common right of
Independent opinion by answering questloai
of faith which the laws have left between
God and himself."
Disclosed Beliefs to John
'Adams and Doctor Rush.
The number of his friends with whom the
acred questions of religion were open to
discussion was very few, and chief among
them were Doctor Benjamin Rush and John
Adams. To them he disclosed himself, and
laregly through their solicitation It was that
tho "Jefferson Bible," as partially defining
his creed, was complied. They urged that
he was not an Infidel and should give some
statement of his conception of Christianity.
The Reverend Robert C. Cave of this city.
who baa studied Jefferson's cttltude toward
religion carefully, has culled from many
sources much Information bearing on the
subject. In a published letter from the
statesman's oldest grandson, which shows
that the celebrated man preserved his retl- J
eence on matters- religious in his own j
household. Doctor. Cave calls attention to
the following: "Of his peculiar religious i
opinions his family knows no more than
the world. If asked by one of them bis
opinion on any religious subject, his uni
form reply was that it was a subject each
was bound to sti-dy assiduously for him
self, unbiased by tho opinions of others It
was a matter solely of conscience, and
after thorough investigation they were re
sponsible for the righteousness, not tho
rightfulness, of their opinions; that the ex
pression of his opinion might influence
them, and be would not give It."
In correspondence with Doctor Rush Is
the fullest expression of Jefferson's re
ligious faith. Included Is a syllabus, com
paring the chief philosophical and religious
doctrines with that of Jesus. This syllabus
was dated April 21. 1S03, at a time when
negotiations for the Louisiana Purchase
bad begun. Doctor Cave supplied the sylla
bus and accompanying letter to Doctor
Rush. A portion of the letter and the full
comparison of doctrines follow:
"In some of the delightful conversations
with you. In the evenings of 1TP5-99, and i
which served as an anodyne to the affile
tions of the crisis through which our coun
try was then laboring, the Christian re
ligion was sometimes our topics, and I
then promised you that one day or otner
Z would give you my views of it. They
are the result of a life of inquiry and re
flection, and very different from that anti
Christian system Imputed to me by those
who know nothing of my opinions. To ths
corruptions of Christianity I am Indeed op
posed, but not to the genuine precepts cf
Jesus himself. 1 am a Christian in the
only sense In which he wished any one to
be, sincerely attached to his doctrines. In
preference to ail others, ascribing to him
self every human excellence, and believing
that he never claimed any other.
Estimate of the Comparative
Merits of Christianity.
"At the short Intervals since these con
versations, when I could Justifiably abstract
my mind from public affairs, this subject
has been under ray contemplation, but the
more I considered It the more it expanded
beyond the measure of either my time or
Information. In the moment cf my late de
parture from Montlcello I received from
Doctor Priestly his little treatise of "Soc
rates and Jesus Compared." This being a
section of the general view I had taken of
the field, it became a subject of reflection
while on the road, and unoccupied other
wise. The result was to arrange in my
mind a syllabus or outline of such an esti
mate of the comparative merits of Chris
tianity, as I wished to see executed by
some one of more leisure and information
for the task than myself. This I now send
"Syllabus of an estimate of the doctrines
of Jesus, compared with those of others.
"In a comparative view of the ethics of
the enlightened nations of antiquity, of the
Jews and of Jesus, no notice should be
taken cf the corruptions of reason among
the indents, to wit, the Idolatry and super
ctltlon of the vulgar, nor of the corrup
tions of Christianity by tb learned among
Its professor. It a Just view be taken of
the moral principles Inculcated by the most
esteemed of the sects of ancient philosophy,
or of their individuals, particularly Tytha-
goras. Socrates. Epicurus. Eplcttus. Sen-
"Their prectpta related chiefly to our
selves, and the government of those paf
wlons. which, unrestrained, would disturb
our tranquillity of mind. In this branch of
philosophy they are really great.
"In developing our duties to others they
were sh rt and defective. They embraced
Indeed the circles of kindred and friends
and inculclated patriotism, or the love of
country in the aggregate, ai n. primary ob
ligation, toward iur neighbors and country
men. hcy taught Justice, but scarcely
viewed them a4 within the circle of be
nt volcnce. still lfss have they inculcated
peace, charity and love to uur fellow-men.
or embraced with benevolence the whle
family of mankind.'
"Their system was Ikjlpm. that is the be
lief In one only God. but their IdeaR of
him and cf his attributes er degrading
"Their Ethics were not only Imperfect,
but often irreconcilable, with the sound
dictates of reason nnd morality, as they
respect Intercourse with those around us.
and repulsive and anti-social as respecting
other nations, they nfeded reformation
therefore In an t melnent degree.
"In this state of things among the Jews
Jesus appeared. His parentage was ob
scure: his conditlin poor; hlb education
null; his natural endowments great; his life
cotrect and innocent. He was meek, be
tirvnlcnt. pntknt. firm, disinterested, and
of the MihPmest eloquence. The disadvan
tages urd'.r which his doctrines appear ar
"Like PoTates and Epictetus, he wrote
"But ho had not. like them, a Xenophon
or an Arrian to write for him. I name not
I'lato. who only used the name of Socrates
to cover the whimsies of his own brain.
"Jesus corrected the Deism of the Jews,
confirming them In their belief of one only
God, and giving them Juster notions of his
attributes and government.
"His moral doctrines relating to kindred
and friends were more pure and perfect
than those of mest of the philosophers, and
greatly more bo than those of the Jews,
and they went far beyond both in Incul
cating universal phllunthropy. not only to
kindred and friends, to neighbors and coun
trymen, but to all mankind, gathering all
into one family, under the bonds of love,
charity, peace, common wants and common
aids. A development of this head will
evince the peculiar superiority of the sys
tem of Jesus over all others.
"The precepts, of philosophy and of the
Hebrew code, laid hold of action only. He
pushed his scrutinies into the heart of
man; erected hi-s tribunal In the region of
his thoughts, and purified the waters at the
"He taught emphatically the doctrine of
future state, which was either doubted or
disbelieved by the Jews, and wielded it with
cfflcacay, as an Important incentive, sup
plementary to the other motives to moral
Jeffcrsxin considered that this syllabus was
his "creed on paper." and apparently was'
willing that the world's Judgment ef his
religious views should rest upon it. In a
letter to his daughter, which was peen by
Doctor Cave, the author of the syllabus
T have thought It Just that my family by
possessing this should be enabled to esti
mate the libels published against me on this
as on every other possible subject"
In a letter to his friend, Mr. Charles
Thompson, who had presented him with a
"Harmony of the Four Gospels." he said:
"I, too. have made a wee little book from
the same materials, which I call the Philo
sophy of Jesus. A more beautiful or
prccUus morsel of ethics I have never seen.
It Is a document of, proof that I am a real
Christian: that is to say, a disciple of
Jesus, very different from the Platonlsts.
who call me Infidel and themselves Chris
tian. If I had time. I would add to my
little book i"he Greek, Latin and French
lavii ti1e by side."
Sometime after January. 1816. when the
letter to Mr. Thompson was written, he
did find time to revise and enlarge the orig
inal collection and give the Greek. I.atln
and French texts along with the English.
This Is the volume for the publication of
which the bill that has passed Congress
1 And It came to pass In thow days thst
there went out a decree from CaMar Augustus,
that all the world fhould be taxed.
z (And thlL taxing i nrt mace when Cy
renlus was covernor of Syria )
3 And all went to be taxed, every on Into hla
t And Jorerh alio went up from Galilee, out
of the cltv of Nazreth. Into Juda. unto the city
of David, which la cal'ed B-thlehem: (because
he was of the hou-e and llnnge of David:)
5 To be taxed with Mary his erpouaed wife, be
Ing rreat with child.
6 And :o it wa. that, while they were there,
the days were aceomrlishcd that she should be
7 And she brought forth her firstborn son. and
wrapped him in swaddllne clcthe-. and laid him
In a mamrer: because there was n room for them
in the Inn.
zl And when elicht dars were aecompllhed for
the drcumcifln" "' be child, his name waa
called JESUS, which was ro named of the ansel
bora be was conceived In the womb.
ZS And when the daya of her purification accord,
lng to the law of Moe were accompllFhed. they
brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the
-3 (A It !i written In the law of th Lord.
! Every male that opercth the womb shall be
1 called holy to tha Lord;)
24 And to oner a s-jennce accoramc 10 inai
which la said in the law of the Lord, A pair of
turtledoves, or two young pigeons.
z3 And. beheld, there was a man la Jerusalem,
whose name waa Simeon: and the tame man was
Just and devout, walt'ng for tha consolation of
Israel: and the Holr Ghost waa upon aim.
zt'And It was revealed unto blm by tha Holy
Ghent, that, .ha should not sea death: be for h
naa seen the Lora cnniu
S7 And he came by the Spirit Into the temple:
and when tha parents broutht In the child Jeeus,
to do foi him after the custom or the law.
ZS Then took h blm up In bis arms, and
ttlejsed God. and said.
z Lara, now Ittteat taou ur servant centre u
ifk arfnrdlrip ta triv wnra:
1 1 19 5 mis eyes bar sten thy salTatlos, i
31 Which thou hsst prepared before the face
of ail people: ,
22 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory
of thy people Israel.
33 And Joseph and ma motner Tr.arvn--u .
thee things wh'ch wrre spiken of him.
-I , w.A Ulnumi t.l.il them, fltlit Said Ulltl
Mary his mother. Heboid. thl chill Is set for the
fall and rising main o! many In Israel: ana lor
a alltn which shall he spoken atnlrst:
S3 (Yea. a sword shall pierce through thy own
soul also), that the thoughts of many hearts may
ZS And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the
daughter er Phacuel. of the trl!-e of Aser: she
was of a great age. and hid Ilv-'d with an bus-
ufo2.. 7 SoitpA y-tnoAy qeCsTidlvtuArtfji.
iO. Al- A8.SI-S"Z.- & 1.'faiM- Ojt- Ai. AccrjY4snx4 hut
fionrxTiXi'tS JtnruAtJvm dsrc&C fZunrji
Tt 3 IX ""- u IrapltAtJ.. . 3.T.- cjtrZo.nan-i tJ ajjt.
j.av ffi A- 1 fit.c) 72j?. ht-'&mfvnto 6xUJmtrl(ucjfi.jfiii,,
5j52Z5im. a. ax. U.tejLMts) vn -. Sijtlcuicjlm.
L. P. ix 17- caJ.J)tuA cUiupftA.
mi-n l 6ijkir.-i(, m.-iA7 6 sL.ie.-i&.m.i, , ),., , .t
JL. 6.19 iftj 3-7o l.lrt.ly J. lan.f--5tjnvnMfU. .
fn.Q..Ak .6 1. tn.tt te.iij.zo. eJh?t
AU. 3. 5-3r. i. 12. typTCcpti
i.H2.tS.-1 rnlU pHv.nXi
. A.i-iA.L.y. sr-ii.Lf.ij--V).k.2.ir-i? p-ejru
frt.Q. 3i&.0.7 t7i.0. S-.t.a.ie. 1 li-Of &.! mn..eW..H2-4rf
J-p'.rl.y;AM.7-.5.71,3t i,ja. 3r'CiH
m. IB. a-. ir. nvrcJsU q U
band seven years from her virslnltyi
37 And she was a widow cf abut fourscort and
four years, whicli departed not from the temple.
but rcrved God nlth fast.cffs and prayers night
Z& And che coming In that Instant cave thanks
like lit unto the Lord, and spake of him to all
them that locked for redemption Ic Jerusalem.
33 And when they had performed all things A-cordlr-K
to the law of the Lord, they returned
Into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth.
40 And the child Krew, and waxed strong: In
spirit, filled with wisdom; and the grace cf God
was upon him.
LUKE 42 4S. v.
42 And when he was 'twelve years old, thy
went up to Jerusalem after the custom t the
43 And when the? had fulfilled tha days, as
they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind In
Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not
44 Hut they, supposing him to have been In the
company, went a day's journey; and they sought
him amonjc their kinsfolk and acquaintance.
45 And when tby found him not, they turned
back acnln to Jerusalem, seeking Mm.
44 And It came to pass, that after tUrea days
Ihey found him In the temple, siting In the
midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and
asking them question.
47 And all that heard htm wra astonished at
bis understanding and answers
48 And when they rair him, they wera amazd:
and his mother wild unto hln. Son, why hast
thou thus dalt with us? behold, thy father and
I have sought thee sorrowing.
Ll'KK SI, o2.
51 And he went down with them, and came to
Nazareth, and was subject unto them; but his
mother kept all these sayings in her heart.
62 And Jesus Increased in wisdom and stature,
and In favor with God and man.
Ll'KC III, 1, 2.
1 Now In the fifteenth year of the reign of
Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being Rmernor
of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee,
and hit brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of
the region of Trachonltls, and Lysanlas tha
tetrarch of Abilene.
2 Annas and Cataphas being the high priests.
the "word cf God came unto John the son of
Zacharlas In the wilderness.
4 John did baptize In the wilderness, and preach
the baptism cf repentance for the remission of
31ATTIIEW III. 4, f!f G.
4 And the same Jnhn had hl raiment of
camera hair, and a leathern girdle about his
loins; and his meat was locusts and wild honey.
5 Then went but to him Jerusalem, and all
Judaea and all the rfflon round about Jordan.
6 And were baptized of him In Jordan, con
fessing their sins.
3IATTHEW III, IX
13 Then cometh Jesui from Galilee to Jordan
unto John, to be baptized of him.
LIKE III, S3.
23 And Jesus himself began ta be about thirty
years of age. being (as waa supposed) the eon of
Joseph, which was the son of Hell.
JOIIX II, 1216.
12 After this fee went down to Capenraum. he.
and his mother, and his brethren, and h's dlsct
yles: and they continued there not many days.
11 .And the Jews' parsover waa at hand, and
Jesus went up to Jerusalem,
14 And found la the temple these that sold oxen
and sheep and doves, and the changers of money
15 And when he had trade a sconrge of small
cords, be drove them all out of the temple, an J
the sheep, and the ozen: and poured cat the
changers' money, and overthrew the tables;
2 Ap4 said unto thm that sold doves, Taks
rH.ra:flk,T.i n ,jteiit2tt-ihiijm-Jf,t.Kfwuiin
i Jr,ntrr'JFurwi LpR'-'.iuI.nar.rs.. -. "-rrjrali t z-z- z: m.n I'-H KTTttJ A, I ill na Il'i iTjiTfc
m ifjmmsmvmm' - irM'ifi i 11 hi wiiwa
Mrrwvl . I I 15 Hut when Jesui knew It. he withdrew hlm-
the!e thlnps hence; make not my Father's houso
an Iioufc of merchandise.
.lOllA Ul, 22.
22 After thes things came Jesua and his dlrcl
ples Into the land of Judara; and there he tarried
with them, and baptized.
3IATTIIKW IV, 12.
K Now when Jesus had heard that John was
cat Into prison, he deDarted Into Galilee;
MAltK VI, 1728.
17 For Herod himself had sent forth ani laid
hold upon John, and bound him in prison for
Herod fa rake, hla brother Philip's wife: for be
bad married her.
18 For John had said unto Herod, It is not law
ful for thee to have thy brother's wife.
19 Therefore Herodlas had a quarrel against
him, and would hate killed him; but she could
20 For Herod feared John, knowing that he wai
a Just man and an holy, and observed hln; and
when he heard him, he did many thing-, and
heard him gladly.
21 And when a convenient day was come, that
Herod on his birthday made a supper to hla
lords, high captains and chief estates of Galilee:
22 And when the daughter of the said Herodlas
came in, and danced, and pleared Heicd and
them that sat with him, the king tald unto tho
damsel. Ask of me whatsoever thou wilt, nnd I
will give It thee.
23 And he suare unto her, Vhatsoet-er thou
ehalt ask of me. I will give it thee, unto the
half of my kingdom.
24 And she ent forth, and said unto her moth
er. What shall 1 ask? And she said. The head
of John the Uaptlet.
IS And ahe came In straightway with haste un
to the king, and asked, saying. I will that thou
give me by and by in a charger the head of
John the Baptist
26 And the king was exceeding sorry; yet for
bis oath's sake, and for their ?akes which uat
with him. he would not reject her.
27 And immediately the king sent an execu
tioner, and commanded his head to be brought:
and he uent and beheaded him In the prison.
:S And brought his head In a charger and jrarA
It to the damsel: and the damsel gave it to her
23 And they went Into Capernaum: and straight
ftay en the sabbath day be entered Into the syna
gogue, and taught.
3IAHK I, 2122.
22 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for
he taught them as one that had authority, and
not as the scribes.
3IATTHUW XII, 15-
At that time Jesus went en the sabbath day
through the com; and his disciples were an hun
gered, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and
? Tint whn fhft PhnrlspM saw It. thev M
unto him. Behold, thy disciples do that which Is J
not lawful to do upon the sabbath day. '
Z But he said unto them. Have ye net rend '
what Daid did. when be was an hungered, and
they that were with him:
4 How he entered Into the house of God and did
eat the shewbread. which was not lawful for him j
to eat. neither for them which were with blm.
but only for the prists7 I
f Or have ye not read In the law. how that on J
tne sasoaui aays the pnesis in xne lerapio pru
fan the sabbath, and are blamelessT
MATTHEW XII. D 1"
0 And when he was departed thence, he went
Into their synagcgie:
10 And. behold, there was a man which had his
hand withered. And they asked him. saylnjc. Is
It lawful to heal on the sabbath day? that they
might accuse him.
11 And be said unto them. What man shall
there be among you. that shall have ona sheep.
and If It fall Into a pit on the sabbath day, will
be not lay hold on it, and lift It out?
12 How much then Is a man better than a
sheep? Wherefore It Is lawful to do well oa the
21 AIUCII, 27.
27 And ho said mA tita. Th sabbath vu
I ' THOMAS JEFFERSON.
1 mad" fop man. and not man for the sabbath:
mad for man. and not man for the sabbath;
MATTHEW XII, 14, in.
14 Then tte Pharisee went nut. and held a
council against him. hew they might deitroy him-
15 Hut when Jesu knew It. he withdrew him
self fn-m thenoe: anl jrreat multitudes followed
him. and he healed them all.
LL'KE VI, 1217.
12 And It came to pni In those davs. that h
went out into a mountain to pray, and continued
all nig'it In prayer to 0"d.
13 And when It wa day. he called unto Mm
his dipclrlf- and of them h choe twelve, whom
also he named apostles:
14 Simon, hom he also named Peter.) and
Andrew his brother. James and John. Thlllp and
13- Matthew and Thomas. James the son of AI
phaeus. and Plmcn called 5lote.
15 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas
Iscarlot. which also wan th traitor.
17 And he came down with them, and stood in
the plain, and th company of his disciple, and
a great multitude of people out of all Jiidea and
Jerusalem, ar-i imm irr j-m tu4!i vi ttr .m-.. j
MdMl. wnirn ram If near mm. tn iv un ii--ir.
of their diseases.
MATTHEW V. 112.
1 And ?cIinK the multitudes, be went up Into
a mount -ill., and when he was set his disciples
came unto him:
2 And he opened hla mouth, and taught them.
2 Blessed are the poor In spirit: for thelr's Is
the kingdom cf heien.
4 Blesed are they that mourn: for they shall
5 Blessed are thfl meek: for they shall Inherit
6 Blessed are they which do huncer and thirst
after rlahte.-uiea: for they shall be flilrd.
7 nicsjed are the merciful: for they shall obtaH
8 Blessed are the pure In hart: for they hall
3 Bleed are the peacemakers: f-r thev shall
be called the children of God.
15 Blessed are they which are persecuted for
rlghtecurness' cake: for thelr's Is the kingdom
11 Blessed are ye, when men shall revile von.
nnd persecute you. and shall say all manner of j
eiu against you taiieiy, ror my sane.
12 Be-Jolee. and be exceeding glad: for crent Is
your reward In heaven: for so jperenitrd they
the prophets which were before you.
LUKE VI, 2120.
24 But woe unto you that are rich: for ye hare
received your consolation.
25 Woe unto you that nre full: for y shall
hunger. Woe unto jou thst lsugh now: for ye
fhall mourn and weep.
25 Woe unto yo'J. when all men shall j-re.ik w.'ll
of you: for so did their fathers to tho false
aiATTiimv V, 13 7.
13 Ye ar lh- sj of 'he Mlih: hnt If the fait
havo lost his sav-jur. wherewith riiall It be salt- .
d? It Is thoncefnrth ort for nothing, bat to be j
ca"' out and to b. treddfn under fout o' men.
1 Ye are the light of the world. A citjr that Is
set en an hill cannot be hi I.
IS Neither do men llRtH a candle, and put It ,
under a bushel, but on a candletlck: and It i
giveth light unto all that are In the house. I
1 l.et your light so shine before men. that they
mnv ree vour cood works, and glorify your i
Father which Is In heaven.
IT Think not that 1 am ccme to destroy the
law. or the prophets: I am not come to destroy.
but to fulfil. I
, iv.- -.rllv I tar unto you. Tl'l Varen and
earth pass, one iot or one tltt'e shall In no
wise pa- from the law. till all be fulfilled.
IS Who-oei er therefore shall break one of these
least commandments, and shall teach men to. he
shall be called the least in the kingdom of
heaven- tut whosoever shall do and teach them,
the same shall be called great In the kingdom of
-0 For 1 cav unto yon. That enrept vour right
eousness sh."-" exceed the righteousness, of the
scribes and Pharisees, ye shall In no case enter
Into the kingdom of heaWn
l Ye have heard that it was said by them of
old time. Thw shalt not kill: and whosoever
ahall kill shall be In danrer of th Julgment:
Zl Rut I say unto you. That whoso?ver Is angry
with his brother without a cause shall be in
danger cf the judgment: and whoioeier shall ray
to his brother. Raca. shil! be In danger of the
council: but whooever shall ray. Th.iu fool, sball
be in dir.ger of hell fire.
23 Therefore If thou bring thy gift to the altar,
and there rememberett that thy brother hath
ousbt against thee:
J4 Leave there thy gift before the altar, and
go thy way: first be reconciled to thy brother,
and then come and offer thy gift.
ZZ Agree with thtoe adversary quickly, whllei
thou art In the way with him: lest at any time
the adversary deliver thee .to the Judge, and the
Judge deliver thee to tl.e officer, and thou be
cast into pr!ton.
r.5 Verllv I say unto thee. Thu shalt by no
means come out thence, till thou bast paid the
... tr.rmr-.at fart hi THY.
n T have heard that It wai said by them I
of old time. Thou shalt not commit adultery:
13 But I say unto you. That ho'oeer looketh
on a woman to luat after her hath committed
adultery with her already In his heart.
JJ And If thy right eye offend thee, pluck It
out. and cast It from thee; for It Is profitable
for thee that one of thy membi ra should perish,
and not that thy whole body should be caat
V) And If thy right hand offend thee, rut It
oft. and cast it from thee: for it Is profitable f.sr
thee that oca of thy member-) should perish.
nd not that thy whola body should be cast Into I
11 It hath been laid. TVhosoever shall put away
bis wife, let nlra give her a. writing or divorce
SI But I say unto you. That whosoever ehall put
away his wife, aavlng for the cause of fornica
tion causeth her to commit adultery: and whoao
eer shall marry her that la divorced com
33 Again, je have heard that It hath been aald
by them cf old time. Thou shalt not forswear,
but shalt perform -unto the Lotd thlce oaths:
34 But 1 say unto you. 8wear not at all; neither
by heen: for It is Ood'a throne:
33 Nor by the earth': for It la his footstool;
neither by Jerusalem: for It is the city of the
35 Neither shalt thou swear by thy bead, be
cause thou canst not make one hair white or
XI But let your communication be, ica, yea;
Nay, nay; for whatsoever Is more than these
cometh of evil.
38 Ye bare heard that It hath been said. An
eye for an eye, and ft tooth for a. toolh.
33 But I say unto you. That ye reit not evil:
but whosoever shall smite thee on thy light
check, turn to him the other also.
40 And if any man will suo thee at the law,
and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloke
41 And whosoevtr shall compel theo to go a,
jnlle. go with him twain.
42 Give to bjxn that asketn thee, and from blza
thit would sorrow of tbta turn not tioa away.
Ye have heard that It hath been said. Thau
shalt love thy neighbor, and hate thine enemy.
44 But I say unto you. Love your enemies, bless
them that curse ycu. do good to them that hate
you. and pray for them which despltefully use
you. and persecute you.
45 That ye may be the children of your Father
which ih In heaven; for he maketh his sun to
r!ee on the evtl and on the good, and sendsth rain
on the Jist and on the unjuit.
41 For If ye love them which love you. what
reward have ve? do not even the publicans the
47 And if ye salute your brethren only, what
do je more than others? do not even the pub
urn: vi. :m, :t., so.
l And if e lend to them cf whom ye h"pe to
re.-elve. what thank hae e? for sinners a'so
lend r. sinners, to receive as much again.
Hut love e jour enemies, and do good, and
leno hoping for nothing again; and your reward
slia b great, and ye shall be the children of
the H'ghedt- for he Is kind unto the unthankful
an'l t the evil.
35 r ye therefore merciful, as cur Father al
so is merrifur.
MATTHEW VI, 134.
1 Tjke heed that ye do not your aim beforo
men, to be seen of them: otherwise ye have no
reward of v..ur Father which Is in heaven.
2 Therefore when thou doest thine aim, do not
sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypccrltes d
In the "vnagnguei and In the street, that they
may ha gl..rv ,f men. Verily I say ur.to jou,
Thev have !hlr reward.
3 But wnen thou doest alms, let rot thv left
hand know what thy right hand doeth:
4 That thine aim may be In secret: and ihv
Father wbieh feeth In secret himself shall reward
thee open' .
5 And wnen th'.u prayest. thou shalt not be as
the hypocrites a-e; for they love to pray atan-I-Ir.c
o the svnagoKues and in the corners cf the
rtreets. thit thev may be wen of men. Verily I
cav unto y u. Thev have their rewnid.
C But th u. when thou praet. enter into thv
closet, and when thou hat shut thy door, i-ray
to thy Father which is In secret: and thy Father
whli'h seeth If secret shall reward thee oienlv.
7 But when ye pray, use not vain repetition,
as the heathen do: for they think that tbev shall
be heard for their much speaking.
Be not jet therefore like unto them: for your
Father knoweth what things je have need of. be
fore ye ask him.
9 After this mann?r therefore pray ve: Our
Father which art in heaven. Hallowed be thy
10 Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done In
earth. a It Is In heaven.
11 Give us this day our daily bread.
12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our
13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver
us from evil: For thine Is the kingdom, and tre
I-ower. and the glory, for ever. Amn.
II Tor if ye forgive men their trespass, vour
heavenly Father will also forgive you:
13 But If ye forgive not men their trespasses,
neither wiM vour Father forgive your trespasses.
15 Moreover when ve fas:, be not. as the hypo
crites, of a sad i-ountenance: for they dislgure
their faces, that they may arnear unto men to
fast. Verily I say unto you. Ttiey have their re
ward. 1" But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thine
head, and wah thy face:
1R That thou arnear not unto men to fa', but
nn;o thy Father which is In secret: and thy Fa
ther, which seeth In secret, shall reward the
cpnly 13 Iay not up for join-selves- treasures upon
earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and
where thieves break through and steal:
20 But lay up for yourselves treasures In heaven,
where neither moth ror rust doth corrupt, and
where thieves do net break through nor steal:
21 For where your treasure Is. there will your
heart be also.
22 The light of th body is the eve: If theref"r
thine eye t single, thy whole body shall be full
of light. . ,
23 But if thine )' V evil, thy whole bodr
shall be full of darkres. If therefore the llitht
that Is In thee be darkness, how great is that
21 No man can serve two masters: for either
he will hate the one. and love the other: or els.
he will hold to the one. and despise the otner. Te
car.not serve Gcd and mammon.
S Therefor. I say unto you. Take no thought
for jour life, what ve fhall eat. or what ye shrll
drink: nor yet for your body, what ye shall put
,-n. Is not th- life more than meat, and the body
S Behold the fowls of the air; for they sow not.
neither do they reap, nor gather Into barns; vt
your heavenly Father feedeth th-m. Are ve n3t
much better than they?
27 U'ht.-h of j-ou by taking thought ean add rne
cubit unti his stature?
2S And whv tnke he thought for ratmentt Con
sider the nil", of the field, how they grow; they
toll not. neither do tney spin.
25 And jet I "say unto you. That even Solomon
in all bt glory was not arrayed like one of
.10 "Wherefore, ir t.oc so cioine me - ....
field which to day Is. and to morrow Is cast Into
the oven, shall he not much more clothe yoj. O
ve of little faith?
21 Therefore take no thought, ssylng. What
shall we eat? or. What shall we drink? or. Where
withal shall we be clothed?
32 (For after all tlusc things do the Gentile
seek: for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye
have need. of all these things.
33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God. and
his rtghteousnes: and all these things shall be
added unto jou.
34 Take therefore no thought for the morrow:
for tho morrow shall take thought for the things
of Itself. Sufficient unto the Is the evil
MATTHEW VII, t. 2.
Judge r.ot. that ve I not Judged.
2 For with what Julgment ye Judge, ye shall be
Judged: and with what measure ye mete. It shall
bo measured to j-ou again.
i.CKn vi, no.
30 Give to every man that aketh of thee; and
of Mm that taketh away thj goods ask them not
MATTHEW VII. ft 3d
1 And whv beholdest thou the mote that Is in
thy brother's eye. but conslderest not the beam
that Is In thine own eve?
4 Or how wilt thou say to thy brother. Let me
cull out the mote out of Uilne eye; and. behold, a
beam Is in thine own eye?
5 Thou hypocrite, first cist out the beam out
of thine own ej'e: and then shalt thou see clearlv
to cast out the mote out of thy brother's eye.
C Give not that which Is holy unto the dogs,
neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest
thev trample them under their feet, and turn
again and rend you.
7 Ask. and It shall be given you: seek, and yo
shall find: knock, and It shall be opened unto
8 For even- one that asketh recelveth: and he
that seeketh flndeth: and to him that knocketh It
shall be opened.
5 Or what man Is there of you. whom If hi
son ask bread, wilt he give him a stone?
10 Or If he ask a fish, will he give him a ser
pent? 11 If j-e then, being evil, know how to give goed
gifts unto your children, how much more shall
j-our Father which Is In heaven give good things
to them that ask him?
12 Therefore all thing, whatsoever ye would
that men should do to ycu. do ye even so to
them: for this Is the law and the prophets.
13 Enter ye In at the strait gate: for wide Is
the gate, and broad Is the way, that leadeth to
destruction, and many there be which go in
14 Because strait Is the gate, and narrow Is the
wa which leadeth unto life, and few there be
that find IL
15 Beware of false prophets, which come to you
in sheep's clothing, but Inwardly they are raven.
1 Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do
men gather grapes ef thorn, or figs of thistles?
17 Even so every good tree brinxeth forth good
fruit: but a corrupt tree brlr.geth forth evil fruit.
13 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit,
neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.
13 Every tree that bringeth not forth god fruit
Is hewn down and cast Into the fire.
20 Wherefore by their fruit. y shall know them.
MATTHEW XII, 33, 30, 37.
w A good man out of the good treasure or the
heart bringeth forth good things; and an evil
man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil
ZS Bpt I say unto you. That every Idle word
that men shell speak, they shall give account
thereof In th. day of Judgment.
27 For by thl- words thou shalt be Justified,
and bv thy words thon shalt be condemned
MATTHEW VII, 24 SD.
24 Therefore whosoever heareth the sayings of
mine, and doeth them. I will liken him unto a
wire man. which blult his house upon a rock:
23 And the rain defended, and the floods car e
ond the winds blew, and beat upon that hous-;
and it fell not: for It was founded upon a rock.
25 And everv one that heareth these sayings cf
mine, and doeth them not, shall be likeced onto
a foolish man. which built his house upon th.
27 And the rain descended, and the floods came,
and the winds blew, and beat upon that house;
and It fell: and great was the fall of It.
2S And it came to pass, when Jesus had endel
these sayings, the people were astonished at hU
2) For he taught them as ene having sutbortty,
and not as the scribes.
MATTHEW VIII, 1, 2.
1 When be was come down from tnt mountain,
great multitudes followed him.
2 And behold, there cam. a leper and .wor
shiped Mm. saying. Lord. If thou wilt- thon
canst make me clean.
MARK VI, O.
t And be marveled bersrta. et tstir rabeUtf.
And he went round about the villages, teaehlnr.
MATTHEW XI. 28. 20. 30.
2S Come unto me. all ve that labor and ar.
heavy laden, and I will give you resL.
25 Take my yoke upon jou. and learn of me:
for I am meek and lowly In heart: and ye shall
find rest unto jour souls.
30 For mv voice f& nv and mv burden is light.
LUKE vu, :kj i;.
85 And one of the Pharisees desired him that
he would eat with him. And he went into tn
Pharisee's house, and sat dawn to meat.
37 And. behold, a woman In the city, which
was a sinner, when the knew that Jesus sat at
meat In the Pharisee's house, brought an ala
baster box of ointmeat
28 And stood at his feet behind him weeplnr.
ond began to wash his feet wi'h tears, and did
wipe them with the hairs cf her head, and kissed
his feet, and anointed them with he ointment.
33 Now when the lharlt-e which had bidden
him saw it. he spake within himself, saj-ing.
This man. If he were a prophet, would have
known who and what manner of w. man this is
that toucheth him: for she Is a s'nner
40 And Jesus answering said unto htm. Plmon.
I have somewhat to say unto thtc. And be
I salth. Master, say on.
41 There was a certain creditor wnicn nac ivo
debtors: the one owed five hundred pence, and
the other fifty.
42 And when they had nothing to pay. he
frankly forgave them both. Tell me therefore,
which of them will love him most?
43 S.mon answered and said. I suppose that h.
to whom he forgave mot. And he said unto him.
Thou hast rightly Judged.
44 And he turned to the woman, and said unto
Simon. Seest thou th's woman? I entered Irro
thine house, thou gavest me no water tr my
feet: but she hath washed my feet with tears,
and wiped them with the hairs cf her head.
4 Thou gavest me no kiss; but this woman
since the time I came In hath not ceased to kiss
J my feet.
V. My head with oil thou dldrt net anoint: but
thl women hath anointed my ftel with ointment.
mark. in. ::i :!.-..
31 There ramo then his brethren and his
mother, and, etandlng without, -sent unto him,
22 And the multitude sat about him. and thy
said unto him. Behold thv mother and thy breth
ren w (hout seek for thee.
33 And he answered them, saving. Who Is my
mother, or ray brethren?
34 And he looked round about on them which
sat about him. and said. Behold my mother ant
35 Frr whosoever shall do the will of God. the
same is my brother, and my sister, and mother.
LUKE .II, 1 T.
1 In the mean timr. when there were gathered
together an innumerable multitude of people.
Insomuch that they trod one upon another, he be
gan to say unto his disciples first of all. Beware
ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which Is
2 For there Is nothing covered, that shall not
be revealed: neither hid. that shall net le knuwn.
3 Therefore whatsoever ye have spoken In
darkness ahall te beard In the light: and that
which j-e have spoken In the ear in closets shall
be proclaimed upon the housetop.
4 And I say unto you my friends. Be net afraid
of them that kill the body, and after that have
no more that they can do.
5 But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear:
Ftar hirn. which after he bath killed hath
power to cast into hell; jea. I pay unto you.
j Are not five sparrows sold for two farthings.
niiu uui uur vt tunii .a lUiK'iurii ueiure utni
7 But even the very hairs of your head ar.
all numbered. Fear not therefore: ye are of
more value than many sparrows.
l.LKK All, 13 15.
13 And one of the company said unto him.
Master, speak to my brother, that he divide th.
Inheritance with me.
14 And he said unto him. Man. who mad. me
a Judge or a divider over you?
15 And h. said unto them. Take beed, and
beware of covetounness. for a man's life eon
sisteth not In the abundance of th. things which
LUKE XII, 10 SI.
11 And be spak. a narabU unto them, aaytsg.
The ground of a certain rloh man brought forth
17 And ha thought within himself, saying.
What shall I do. becaus. I have no room. wber.
to bestow roj- fruits?
IS And he said. This will I do: I will pull
down mr barns, and build greater; and tber.
will I bestow all my fruits and my good.
19 And I will say to my soul. Soul, thou hast
much goods laid up for many years; take thin.
ease, eat. drink, and be merry.
20 But God said unto him. Thou fooL tola
night thy soul shall be required of thee: then
whose shall those things be, which thou hast
21 So Is he that laveth up treasure for bio
self, and Is not rich toward God.
LUKE XII, SS 4S.
22 And lie said unto his disciples. Therefor. I
say unto you. Take no thought for your life,
what ye shall eat. neither for the body, what ye
shall put on.
23 The life Is more than meat- and the body la
more than raiment.
14 Consider the ravens; for they neither sow
nor reap; which neither have storehouse nor barn;
and God feedeth them; how much more are ye
better than the fowls?
25 And which of you with taking thought can
add to his stature one cubit?
25 If ye then be not able to do that thing
which is least- why take ye thought for the rest?
27 Consider the lilies bow tiey grow; they toll
not, they spin not; and yet I say unto you. that
Solomon la all his glory was not arrayed like one
23 If then God so clothe the grass, which U to
day in the field, and to morrow is cast Into the
oven: how much more will he clothe you O y
of little faith? '
23 And seek not ye what ye shall eat. or what
ye shall drink, neither be ye of doubtful mind
30 For all these things do the nations of the
world seek after; and jour Father knoweth that
ye have need of these things.
31 But rather seek je the kingdom cf God; and
all these things shall be added unto you.
32 Fear not, little flock; for It Is your Father's
good pleasure to give you the kingdom.
23 Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide
yourselves bags which wax not old. where no
thief approacheth. neither moth corrupteth.
34 For where your treasure is, there will your
heart be also.
35 Let your loins be girded about, and your
3S And ye j-ourselves like unto men that wait
for their lord, when he will return from the
wedding; that when he cometh and knocketh.
they may open unto him immediately.
37 Blessed are those servants, whom the lord
when he cometh shall find watching; verily I
say unto you. that he shall gird himself, anl
make them to sit down to meat, and will come
forth and serve them.
3S And if he shall come In the second watch, or
come In" the third watch, and find them so, bleated
are those servants.
33 And this know, that if the coodman cf the
house had known what hour the thief would come.
he would have watched, and not have sufferttj
his house to be broken through.
40 Be ye therefore ready also; for the Son of
man cometh at an hour when ye think not
41 Then Teter said unto him. Lord, apeakest
thou this parable unto us. or even to all?
43 And the Lord said. Who tHen Is that faith
ful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make
ruler over his household, to give them their por
tion of meat in due season?
43 Blessed Is that servant, whom his lord when
he cometh ehall find so doing.
44 Of a truth I say unto you. that he will make
him ruler over all that he hath.
45 But and if that servant say In his heart.
My lord delayeth hla coming; and shall begin ti
beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat
and drink, and to be drunken;
V. The lord of that servant will come In a day
when he looketh not for him. and at an hour
when he Is not aware, and will cut him In sun
der, and will appoint him his portion with the
47 And that servant, which knew his lord's will,
and prepared not himself, neither did according to
his will, shall be beaten with many stripes.
48 But he that knew not. and did commit
things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with
few stripes. For unto whomsoever much Is
given, of him shall be much required: and to
whom men have committed much, of him they
will ask the more.
LUKE XII, 5430.
4 And he said also to the people. When ye see
a cloud rise out of the west, straightway ye say.
There cometh a shower; and so It Is.
5 And when ye see the south wind blow, ye
say. There will be heat: and It cometh to pass.
15 Ye hypocrites, ye can discern tha face of the
sky and of the earth: but how Is it that e do
not discern this time?
57 Yea. and why even cf yourselves Judge ve
not what Is tight? B "
H When tbou goest with thine adversary to th.
magistrate, as thou art In tte way. give diilgan
that thou mayet be delivered trcm him; lest he
hale thee to the Judge, and the Judge deliver
thee to the officer, and the officer cast tbee Into
53 I tell thee, thou shalt not depart thnce till '
thou hast paid the very last mite.
LUKE XIII, 1-0.
Thore were present at that season some that
told him of the Galileans, whose blood Pilate
bad mingled with their sacriflces-
2 And Jesus antwtrlng said unto them. Sup
pose Je that these Galilaeaas. were sinners above
all the Galllaeans, because they suffered such,
Ilttll you, Kay;, but, except ys repent, ye
hall all llkewls. pertji.