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THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. JULY 0. 1002.
TOWBOAT SPRAGUE. LARGEST IN THE WORLD, IS A TRIUMPH FOR DUBUQUE SHIP MECHANICS.
Soft Coal Combine of Pittsburg Preparing; to Fight the Oil Burners in Southern Territory Most Opulent of the Minor Trusts
Signs of a Prodigious Increase of Steel Vessel Building for Coal, Grain and Oil Transportation on the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers.
j '"" "iigy -3Sfl IX THE SPRAGUE'S PILOT-HOUSE
THE WHEEL IS THIRTEEN FEET DT DIAMETER
boners. Tho nddltlcna! water to replica
tha Imperceptible wastage Js supplied by a
cnehcd-granlte filter, so that only the
rurest water ever goes Into tha boilers.
end this mean clean work and much longer
crew The ether cabins serve th captain
and the other officers, both of which are
fitted ud with considerable elegance.
This towboafs general equipment includes
eight "nigger" engines, a powerful electric
Boat Sprasue, nwt rowerfjl In Western wa
ters. Qwner Mcsonraheln Ccal m Coke Company,
othtrwlee tbo Coal Trust.
Master to D Ccptaln Veazey. row command
In; the Jos. T. Williams. U-a nest btceest tow
boat Type Low-pressure, all ctetl. cca-laSammable
In all lower works; 5 feet draft, 211 feet lonr. M
tt wl! over all: wbeel 40 by 0 feet: t nlcger
tnilnt), rouiten will hava luxurious cabin, por
celain baths and electric llchls.
DulIJer Iowa Iron Works. William Kinross,
late of Gla5on, superintendent. Inspector for
the trust and to be chief engineer, William M.
l!r an cf i'lttsburc
STERN VIEW OP THE BIG VESSEL.
life to them than where the mud-charged ' searchllaht. capable of throwing a cone of
Illumination more than half a mile; a com'
plete cold-storage plant, an electric-light
plant and a modern steam steering pear.
Vessel Will Gost More Than
WKITTEN rolt THE SUNDAY REPUBIJ&
The big Coal Trust towboat. Sprague, now
fitting out at the Levee above the Eads
bridge. Is an object lesson of great intaretT
to St. Louisans of a practical or an Inven
tive turn. Many persons ore day by day
lining tho great Btonc-pavtd slope, which
was in earlier times the town's chief glory,
to look unon what may be 6cen from the
shore of this mammoth and peculiarly up-to-date
-vessel Tha number, indeed, who
-would Inspect the Sprague at close range is I
bo great that the men In charge have nao.
to denj the public admission to her deck
ultogtthir. except b special request.
As a mere spectacle, tho Sprasue is -north
a trip to tho Ix:vee to see. but the vessel
carries a much depur Interest to those
who take into account the conditions of St.
Louis as a i..anufacturing- center. It is
e-jmetbius that drives thinking men tome
thin: more to study about.
Tula splendid example of marine con
. Etructiim comes from a little city -SO mllo
tip tilt: river. less than one-tenth the size
ol St. Louis. With the exception of the
wheel shaft, e-cry stroke of work on the
bprasue was done at Dubuque, from the
t-jicK stem platen that will s-pht the water,
when she Rets going, to the buntles carry
Ins the four balanced steel rudders, which,
1.1.4 man another siient and unecn power
that cuntrois gTeat detin, will govern the
i is-u's fuiu'v course. As an illustration
of whet nuj b done by enterpri" well
d-rccted. the Sprasi-e is monumental. It
is the third and greatest undertaking of
the Iowa Iron Works, in the wa of ship
building '1 he United Slates torpedo-boat
destrojer Kric&aon, and tho revenue cutter
"Windom were the earlier " products both
tucceffful vessels of their class.
Uho Sprague's machinery Is her most im
portant feature of Interest. It is. In fact,
u revelation to even the visitor, who is ex
perienced in such things. The engines aro
the large": ever put upon a Wastern river
baat, with the rosslbie exception of tbosa
M the big low-pressure passenger steamer
Tnouir-'oii Dean, metalled at Cincinnati
Pjci tnlrt) j ears ato. Tliey ate of the
tan-iem compound t.vpe. twelve feet stroke,
with 23-inch o.ston head la the high-pressure
cy iider. and a bore of sixty-three
liu-hc- for the low-pressure ona.
Each Cylinder Served
by a Surface Condenser.
TheiM creat cylinders alone, standing
upon over thirty feet space on tha cylin
der beam", are an object of amazement to
the casual observer. Each low-pressure
Ollndc- is served by a surface condenser
containing 1.TS0 small tubes, which will
make a vacuum of twenty-two pounds to
the rquare inch on a basis of 170 pounds
high pressure, or a pull of fifty-seven tons.
Add to this a push or kick of flfty-flve tons
in tbo high-pressure piston-head, and ona
Jains a ralr idea of the dynamic force ar
med bv one of theye engines a total' ol
ilZ tons communicated direct to tho crank
shaft of 'he wheel each half revolution.
Double this for the complete revolution,
and double this total again for the other
engine, and jou have a weight of -MS tons
applied to the cranks for each revolution
of tho wheel. The wheel will make fifteen
revolutions a mlmite.
The ."haft to which thli Immense twistloff
power 1 applied is -47 feet long, 31 Inches
diameter In the center, 19 inches at the
crank facings, and weighs 2.000 pounds.
The cranks weigh seven tons each, and
the eight flanges which carry the wheel
arms weigh 5.a pounds each. The wheel
itself Is 3 feet high by feet length of
To supoly steam to these engines, and
also to the twenty-five other engines which
comprise the vessel's machinery comple
ment, six batteries of boilers of the Scotch
marine type are moanted forward.
Independent of Each Other.
Each battery' consists of three boilers and
is independent of tha others, so that
should tha vessel be unevenly loaded there
will be no danger of the boilers on the
high side getting dry and
tlwir steam by redhot flues.
This, old-timers will recall, was the
cause of the most destructive steamboat
disaster in tho history of Western river
I navigation the exploslcn at the foot of
Island No. 10. of the big slde-wheeler. Sul
tana, wltb. the Torty-sccond Ohio Infantry
on board. The men crowded to one side to
.. - . .. . - ..- .. i - . -" ... v .. j ....
see uranii lameu isiana lortincanon. ana , t!on even Jn thp a--bed. is
iuue usieo. me essei fo mat me Doa-rs i tne boiling of the water
uu tne uiuci kiuc jau ijatuy ury aau uica
up frcm thoso uncontrollable ethers of
burning steam, which no engineer has ever
tx-en able to define, and which no boiler Is
strong enough to hold.
The new towboat has as fine a battery of
generators as any ocean vessel There Is
but one other ttcamer on the Mlsjlri'ppi
with a similar equipment. That Is the Dia
mond Jo steamer Qulncy, which Is noted
fer her economy as a fuel user. It was sup
plied by the eame Dubuque foundry that
built the Sprague. The central point of
thi3 battery Is a completely water-jacketed
fire-box. so that overs calorv of rombus-
Insures Clean Water for Boiler.
The condenFers of the low-pressure cyl
inder supply clear heated water back to the
waters of the river are uied. Two supr
Imposed boilers, each with 125 four-Inch
' tubes, complete the battery, and the six
f of these batteries form the heart that will
i give pulsation 'to the vast mechaulrms
astern. They are all built so as to be
easily convertible for oil-burning. Inst-ad of
hard fuel, should that be d-slred. No St.
Louis foundryraan should miss the chance
to lnprt this model outfit for his own
Improvement. The boat will tw here about
two months. The aim is to get her to Iiuls
villa for the fall coal run, which begins
anywhere from Eeptembr on.
The Spragu is tho only vesl on the
Western niters. If not in the world, whose
rcuptabouts will bathe In -porcelain bath
tub and turn In or read In their off
watches by electric light. A fine cabin Is
provided for the men. with comfortable
berths, a sanitary washroom nd many ap
pliances for the health and comfort of the
Two Hundred Thousand Dollars.
The twnty-seen steam engines are as fol
lows: Two main engines, two blowers for
forced draft In furnaces, eight "niggers."
one steering gear, one shlpplng-up engine
for reversing main engines, one lever-shlp-pinr
engine (additional), one electric-light
plant, two "doctors." two circulators for
condenser, three st-am pumps for filter
plant, three steam-injector engines, one cold
5torag. A plant of very powerful siphons
will servo for baling out boats in case of
The Spragu- will cost the Slonongarela
Coal and Coke Company somewhat more
than JCTO.W. She will take a fleet of fifty
coal barges from Louisville to tho Lower
Mississippi. Each boat carries 23.C00 bush
els. The coal star's at Pittsburg worth a
cents a busheL The sugar planters of Lou
isiana pay 15 cents for it. and sometimes
more an increase by towing 1.500 miles of
K.X0 a barite for the trust, or J123.000 for
economies In general management and tha
selling- service at Baton Rouge. New Or
leans and other points of distribution will
greatly enhance the already prodigious prof
its of the Pennsylvania soft coal barons.
The fight Is now on between this company
and tha new Texas and Louisiana oil fields.
ilany planters have already converted their
furnaces into oil burners to escape the gall
ing Pittsburg coal monopoly. Borne planta
tions burn as much as 10.COO tons in a year.
and the saving of a dollar, or even fifty
cents, a ton by use of oil is an important
factor. Tho pal men are preparing" to
rreet this new peril to their interests, and
this magnificent J20O.OTO towing- vessel la
the first of the bold and enterpraing- meas
ures th iSftvi. nrtrmti? CitiT IrtT.fct!,
.- ntwVA T ..!-. tit ,?... , - I .
ui. tU.c UUU.S.UIC incy luim: iruci six are in contemplation.
to rin trlrts a war nnil pxrH r?,r fn- ti t -t .
Coal Combine's Fleet
Includes Eighty Towboats.
The trust has elgnty towboats. great and
small, many of which are on the Monocga
hela and the Upper Ohio.
The bis ones. like the Sprague. the Jos
'Williams and th O'Neill, seldom, if ever.
to rine trips a year and each clears for the
owners considerably more than her entire
cost evory season. In the last twenty-five
j ears more than ixty fortunes In seven
figures have been made for Pittsburg- ship
pers. Now that the trust has charge cf all but
two of the great Monongahela. outfits, the
There !s no good reason whv the Snrarao
should not have been built In St. Louis,
and none why a great Una of hh-grads
marino work should not be invued and
established here from the ever-widening de
mand for such work from the coal and
PIKE G0UNTY FARMERS TRADE BY L0NG-DISTANGE TELEPHONE.
Lines Centering; at Louisiana, Mo.. Enable Rural Subscribers to Traniaet Business With Facility or Discuss the Imoortant Nw of ihr Hour.
X. v " thShi R WS&&W&.maMMSii-E?L-C? 'SJfa .... jSl I'll
Special Corresponaeaea of The SonSay Ttepublla.
Louisiana. Mo., Jnly 5 The accomplish
ments 4 the lonc-dlstanco telephone have
ceased to cause wonder, but the rapidity
with which the telephone is invading the
rural districts is remarkable.
In its earliest days the telephone was
considered possible only In the great cities.
The small towns found it practical, and
now the telephone box is common in the
farmhouse. The more remote bis location
the more convenient the farmer finds speaking-
communication with his neighbors and
his trading point. Expense Is so slight that
the telephone is fast becoming the rule
rather than the exception in the country.
Indeed, no discussion of the telephone et
the beginning of the present century Is com
plete without a chapter on "The Farmer
and the Telephone."
Owing to the fertility of tha soil, which
maies th farmer of Pike County prosper
ous, he enjoys all the conveniences visi
ble. The first farmer in this county to put in
a telephone was H. V. P. Block of Aber
deen, lie has a splendid country home, on
the gravel road, twelve miles south of here.
TVhen a telephone system was Installed in
this city, twenty years ago. Mr. Block be
gan to plan a line to his place.
He is a retired agriculturist, who comes
intimate mends her, with whom he loves
to "swap yarns." He did not get his lino
built, however, until about eight years ago.
and even at so late a date as thit. the tele
phone was considered a luxury in the coun
try. When firrt established the exchange
In this city was owned by a foreign cor
poration, which did not encourage country
A soon as the home company, directed
t town often, exd s fcu a, lar- iat of 1 by Frank W. and Charles O. Buffum. ytir.
cnasea tne Bell system her, however, all
was changed. Mr. Buffum encouraged coun
try 'Jnes by offering switchboard accommo
dations on literal terms, and lines began
to spring up rapidly.
Soon Mr. Buffum beg-in to build lines of
his own along the gravel reads, and as
these lines were part of his system, the
service was In great demand. He made a
specialty of country lines, constructing
them ot cedar poles, with a metallic circuit.
This system wa extended, until It norr
consists of more than 0 miles of wire, oa
which are forty-one toll stations In Pike.
Lincoln. Audrain. Montgomery. Callaway.
Boone and Balls counties, including several
hundred farmhouses. An exchange has been
established at Ciarfcsvllle. The company
TO" recently granted a franchise at Frank
ford and Iaynesv!lle. 'When tnese Ilnea4
are completed, every Post Office in Pike
County will have teltphone connection, and
Su per cent of the farmhouses along tno
Buffum Ies will have the ervlee.
This rystem ha a line uth rrom here,
alonir the gravel read t Clirksvllle. a
dl-tHiw of sixteen mile- On this line tho
foilowintr farmers hav.j boxes and the privi
leges of the Louls'ana exchange James K.
Price. J. L Butt. L. F Mackev. Joseph
Zook. J. M. Dunc-iii. Joseph Thurrnan.
William McIIroy. Homer Ell'ott and Jovld
Stark, wlm h.is n tine count-y h mi known
.s "Thf Cilar"
E. C Damrrcn. the wealthy St Loui-in,
who ov-ns perfrsps the rims: country hemo
in the Statf. two miles frcm I larksvllle.
has had a 'phone for ?"m" tlmo Mr Dam
eron's ji.ioe etns!st of several hundred
acres at valuab'e hind.
Another line of th Buffum -tem ex
terd south from I-ouMarm to E. 1 a a dls
tar c of Hixtc -n mlle. On thLs Ilt are the
homes of II V. !. Blovk. t J. McCone and
I'.unn.nK wtst tMs ys tmi las a 11 ie which
travirses the county at i eit;m's Into four
other countif. litiwen L'Ulla .a und
Bnwiinn Gren the following farmer have
Knees n th' line Ivli Smith. Frank
Stuart. DavW Hettich. Chri. Muff. Ambrose
IB-ckrer. Curl Sm.lh. Joxeph ILafcr. Jo
seph ituss'Il. O il. Fry M. FrecK John
Beckn, r. John VlL-on and M II Ilolllday.
Mr. IloI'May ha'- a vrfll-lmpnived f irri. In
his roue a-d liarn Is t-vry cinvcnicnce
poib:f in the c.jinr Everj ital In his
barn has running w-iter ftir the stock to
drink The biiHJtrgB are urr .unJc-d on
tl.rtt? sitlen by hlsh hilL which protect from
tie severe w'ntts tif wlnttr
i Thr are ' ten other Ilnfs nwntd by
the liiilf um system. n i n 111 accommo
date about M mo.e firmer etnecn Lmlsl
ara and Bowling Gret-n
From Loulslnra north there id a line to
Ashburn. which will toon be extended to
Hannibal. On th's line are B Huff rd. It.
I. Love and A I Bonb-rs. Itunnlng north
west l the line to Frankfort!, whrh e"jn
nects the homen of James, Fb ere, 1 X.
Bo-sun. M. B. IlK-hnrils. Jin. G. Ki hmond,
T. T. Wells. Jop Smith. Charley Beading.
John Ehl.r. Mrs. .M.trthr. Carroll. W E.
Hlli.iy. William Beadirg Thomas Read
ing; J. W. Itule. Itivbard Hawk" s. T. J.
and Charles Nalley of the Nully-Wella
Commission Companj of St. Ijiuis and S.
AbhI" from Its value to Individuals, the
telephone stm In I'ike County. It is use
ful to the public in many ways. Weather
reports are obtained each day by tel'siraph
and communicated to subscriber. Damagtt
is often averted by the warnings thus given.
News of Importance Is given out by bulle
tins In the same way Dunn? the Spin!sj
War Mr Buffum obtained bulletins direct
from the floor of the House of Representa
tives. When President McKlnlcy was shot sub
scribers were immediately notified of the
fact. Pike County election returns are
known at every po nt en the Louisiana line
within a few minutes after the polls close.
K. B. CAMPBELL.
Far From It.
Just becau-e a man parts his hair In the
middle.' remarked the janitor philosopher.
"Is no reason why he has a well balanced
Too Fast for tlm Town.
Hewitt: "Poor Gruet was refused admis
sion to a Philadelphia hospital."
Jewett: "Fcr'what reason?"
Hewitt: "He had galloolna: consumption."
'-4feil&maleaBtifMV''ii lT rifofwrawrWTr-it tmnai-rirtitgsrfi
Mr r Knhisn
,r. J .. , r. --y. J, rv 1,
-stmngia.1 r-Ytf.j-Ti 'Wl-TVievTm msn.t-ifacas: