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THE EEPUBLIC: SUNDAY. JULY 13. 1902.
TUC Cf 1 DII! RFPIIRT IP ! trond.'r is not new. Within a year after the X-ray
inn oi. luio rxcruDLiu, was USMTIWK overv s of CI11iucll. m the
PUBLISHERS: GEORGE KNAPP & CO.
Charles TV Knapp, President and Gen. Jlgr.
George L. Allen. Vice President.
W. B. Carr. Secretary.
Office: Corner Seventh and Olive Streets.
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DATLT AND SUNDAY-SEVEN ISSUES A WEEK.
By JIall In Advance Postage Prepaid.
Oi year ........................................................35.09
Six months. ............ .................. .i.v
nrev men .ns.... ....... ...... ........... ..............
Any three days except Sunday one year
world was tibins the mysterious Hpht in one way or
It is possible that within another year wireless
Telephones will have heeu perfected. Santns-Ditmout
has demonstrated that Hying in the air is possible.
Hives a little more time to him and his hundreds of
competitors, and living machines may be commer
Little seems imnossilile In these day. The Invon-
.. ..mi .
.. 1.50 tions of former years have made iwssible the early
3.00 adontion of those nerfLt-titl nt this day. Comnetitiou
Eur. i iiv. with Magazine -. ( jn CjUei: communication nmou? the different parts of
Special Mail Edition. S"nday l.a , .. ,, , , - . ...
Sunday JlagazWe 1JS; thp worW loavos opiortUHlty for slowness in the
BV CARRIER. ST. LOUIS AND SUBURBS. j growth of a worthy commercial Invention. Capital
Per week, dally only 6 cents
week, dally and Sunday
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Address: THE REPUBLIC.
St. Louis. Mo.
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SrXDAY. JULY 13. 1002.
CIFCULATION DURING JUNE,
Cfca e- V. Knapp. mineral Manager of The St. Louis
Itepufc r utr.g duly sworn, ssyp that the actual number of
full an complete copies of the Dally and Sunday Republlo
is on the lookout for the products of the xeuius who
has yomethins to offer. The evidence Is at hand in
the success of recent discoveries. The mail with the
inventive mind never had such an Incentive to labor
as at the present time.
CIVIC IMPROVEMENT "WOHIC.
In its latest report the Civic Improvement League
shows a strong increase of membership and an en
larged grasp of the obligations which the New St.
Louis imposes upon enlightened citizenship.
Such an institution can become the effective pioneer
of good government. Some Hie body should be as
much a part of established activities as are the char
tered departments of the municipality.
The purpose of an association for civic improve
ment may be assumed to be high and praiseworthy:
but purpose is only a leg!nnlug. It Is necessary for
results that the methods have all the persistence, plia
bility and accurate information of a sound business
In these voluntary associations there have usually
been the twin faults of well-meaning weakness. There
has been too much reliance upon loose talk and too
much faith In attractive theories of change. "Things
printed during the month of June. 1SCC. all in regular edl- j are wrong: wc will denounce the wrong and change
tions. was as per schedule below: the law which permits it,"' has been the programme
of municipal reformers, as of most other reformers.
1 Sunday 120,370
8 Sunday 120,630
15 Sunday 121,500
22 Sundav 120.020
25 ............ ..116,550
29 Sunday 121,810
Total for the month 3,491,370
Less all copies spoiled in printing, left over
et number distributed 3,407,052
Average daily distribution 113,568
And said Charles TV. Knapp further says that the num
ber of copies returned end reported unsold during the
month of June was 10.25 per cent.
CHARLES TV. KNAPP.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 30th day of
J. F. FARISH.
Notary Public. City of St. Louis, Mo.
My term expires April 36. 1335.
W The St. Louis carrier toroo of The Republlo
deliver more than 54,000 coplos ovory day. This
Is nearly four times as many as any other morn
ing newspaper delivery In 8t. Louis and mora
than twice as many as any morning or ovonlng
'" WORLD'S 1 904 FAIR.
HUSBANDS AS CHICKEN INCUBATORS.
"Woman's capacity for making practical use of the
most unlikely things Is illustrated anew in the case of
the Kentucky wife whose husband lay sick of a fever
and who utilized the exceptional heat of his body as an
Incubator for chickens.
Before the complete recovery of her spouse, we are
told, at which time, of course, he lost the greater part
of his value as an incubator, this resourceful Ken
tucky woman-succeeded in having him hatch out some
forty-four chickens, all of whom were doing well at
last accounts. This achievement will probably be ac
cepted as distinctly distinguished and as adding fresh
luster tb the fame of the present-day woman.
Yet, somehow, as seems to be inevitable to the
feats of the modern woman, there Is an additional
menace to home happiness In this latest development
The utilization of feverish husbands for the incubation
of chickens may strike wives as a most excellent prac
tice, but the average husband will protest against it
with the deepest feeling. He did not marry for the
purpose of hatching out chickens; neither, when pain
and anguish wring his brow in the course of a fever,
does It impress him as a wifely ministration for his
better half to fill his bed with eggs. And who shall
6ay, in this one instance, at any rate, that there is not
something of right in the husband's protest? The
terms of no marriage contract yet known to man call
for the employment of his animal heat as a chicken
t THE BEST HOLIDAY TIME.
As the result of Inquiries made for the purpose of
obtaining the views of a number of representative
men as to the best season for a vacation, the Boston
Globe has learned that each of the four seasons has Its
champions, bat that the latter are united In favor of
the time when one can best be spared from work."
Tho first requisite for enjoyment of a holiday being
an easy mind, it will be seen at a glance that the
holiday-maker must be free from worry. A man
worthy of a position of responsibility cannot abandon
his task with a satisfied conscience If he knows that".
ho should remain at his post. Should he do so, a fail
ure to relish his vacation would be certain from the
very beginning. Therefore, first and foremost, the
most convenient season is the best season for a holi
day. As for the time of year most suitable, It Is natural
and satisfactory that there should be a diversity of
opinions. Lazy loafing in the summer time has Its un
deniable charms. A surrender to "spring fever" when
comes the early vernal tempting to Idleness Is delight
ful. The bracing and exhilarating atmosphere of
autumn Is a tonic keenly grateful to many. Even
winter has its attractions 36 a holiday season, espe
cially If one can afford a flight from January's rigors
In a harsh climate to the softer airs of some Southern
resort The main thing Is to choose the convenient
moment With this done. It's a mighty dull soul that
cannot enjoy a holiday, knowing that there is no
neglect of duty involved in the taking of a rest
AN APPRECIATION OP GENIUS.
One year ago wireless telegraphy was considered
almost a chimera. "Within the twelve months, cor
porations with millions of-capital have been organized
to establish the system. All of the large steamers are
equipped with "the wireless instruments.
Announcement has just been made that the Navy
Department has ordered the equipment for all naval
stations. As fast as the apparatus can be secured, the
stations along the Atlantic Coast will be fitted for
communication with vessels out at sea.
A -wonderful record for one short year. Yet the
Io 114,970 j since the glorious discouteuts of educated mankind
17 114,780 j began to yearn for progros.
jq !af2 ' Ir Is within bounds to say that nine-tenths of civic
20 no 140 ' u"Iovemeni iu American cities nas oeen uue to uie
pusnmg or semsn lnicreMs as tney sougnt cnances ot
investment and profit in serving the public. If one
tenth could be traced to voluntary societies the credit
would not be a small one; but one-tenth would prob
ably be more than the cold facts would warrant.
To be sure, even In spasmodic agitation there Is a
power. Evil is always under the check of the knowl
edge among evil doers that the public can be called
Into rebuking action when things are carried too far.
But spasmodic agitation Is useful chiefly in pre
senting information. Its exhortations never amount
to much. An American public seldom acts except on
facts, or on what it believes to be facts: seldom tries
a device If It does not seem to be practical. Mere In
flammatory talk never arouses an American commu
nity. There must always be the appearance, at least,
of a tangible evil and some confidence, at least, in
the effectiveness of the remedies proposed.
So, to possess a respectable proportion of result
to intent, a civic improvement society must adopt the
methods of the best business concerns. And the main
substance of every successful business Is a constant
admixture of exact information and tactful energy.
We have just had the best example of how real
civic Improvement is wrought St. Louis has radically
changed Its municipal conduct within two years. Yet
there has been little change In the laws. With the ex
ception of the Charter amendments, the laws have had
few additions or modifications. In the preceding
1 period there was poor service in city departments.
The excuse was offered that there was not enough
revenue for necessary work. Yet, with the same rev
enue laws, collections have Increased, departments
have been made more efficient and civic Improvement
has proceeded rapidly, though there has been no spe
cial stimulus of reform agitation from the outside.
Strict administration of the law In the higher crim
inal courts has been brilliantly Miccessful in purifying
the City Hall surroundings. The laws remained as
they were. Men and methods alone were changed.
No principle was introduced of later discovery than
the Eighth Commandment Yer that was enough.
Accurate, courageous work was the onjy magic.
In the course so far followed by the Civic Improve
ment League there is agreeable promise of maintain
ing a productive activity which will be manifest in
the streets and public edifices of St. Louis, instead of
an activity of talk on view only In the meetings of
the society. Membership Is necessary for funds and
moral support, but three good lawyers and ns many
good business men vigorously at work will do more
than a thousand persons who can only meet talk and
Public opinion will always respect reliable Infor
mation on a given subject If the Civic Improvement
League will devote itself to being ready with complete
information and a sane and economical method of bet
terment when it attacks an evil, no long time will
elapse before the people will look upon Its leadership
as the safe guide In municipal affairs.
Fortunately, there are abundant sources of Informa
tion. American cities are formulating their experi
ences and are constantly Interchanging data. On al
most every municipal subject practical knowledge Is
available In great detail.' The Civic Improvement
League has but to gather the facts and then study
out carefully their application to conditions in St.
THE SILLY SEASON AT OYSTER BAY.
Beginning with the momentous news that young
Theodore-K)r was It Kermlt? Roosevelt suffered a
scratch on the head as the result of a firecracker ex
ploding in a bottle on the Fourth of July, we shall
now enjoy a summer of startling announcements con
cerning the doings of the Roosevelt children in their
Oyster Bay home.
This fact is emphasized by the later announcement
that tho girth of the saddle on the horse of the Presi
dent's daughter recently became loose and that Miss
Alice might have fallen all the way to the ground if
the President had not tightened the girth.
When we remember that the Roosevelts have been
nt Oyster Bay but a few days yet, that it Is a large
and spirited family, that there Is also a large and
spirited corps of special correspondents on the scene,
and that midsummer dullness has settled down over
other fields of news, the certainty of a plenty of litera
ture anent tho Roosevelt youngsters becomes ab
solute. There Is no ground for complaint on this head,
however. The American people, being a healthy peo
ple, love children and their ways. If those of the
President will only be cute and funny this summer,
and if the special correspondents worthily develop
their respective talents for kindergarten chronicling,
we may get lots of enjoyable reading from Oyster
The first two stories have not been particularly
enlivening, but let's hope for an Improvement as the
season progresses. It's the "silly season," anyway,
please keep In mind.
THE MILITARY SCHOOL.
An important development in the military service
of. the country is marked by the issuance of the order
from the War Department Inviting the Governors of
the States to send National Guard regiments to the ,
maneuvers In Fort Riley. The invitation Is M.ut to i
all Governors with the hope that suliiclent Interest
may be aroused to make the maneuvers of the prac
tical benefit which they should be.
Of course, many or the States will be unable to
send militia to Fort Riley, owing to the expense. The
War Department has suggested that If the entire or
ganization cannot be sent n few of the otllcers 1m
allowed to attend, both for the knowledge which they
would gain and for the sake of arousing more gen
eral interest in tin maneuvers.
It is hardly probable that any large numlter of,
militia regiments will participate this year. There
are not suliiclent appropriations. Yet the various
legislatures should make adequate provision for fu
ture contingencies and set aside enough money to
allow members of the National Guard to serve with
regular troops in the practical work of the encamp
ments. The great fault with militia is its failure to meas
ure up to service standards. Though it Is not ex
pected that the ihort time which Is usually devoted
to drill Ivy the militia soldiers will be suliiclent to
make their regiments organized war machines like
the regulnrs, every effort to raise the standanl or
training should be encouraged. The Fort Riley
maucuvers are the best opportunities. The States
should respond by enabling a part of their troops to
FROM THE GREAT POETS'SPiBiT OF PR06RESS
M0N6 THE JAPANESE
CIIOATE'S PRESIDENTIAL BOOM.
Mr. Don M. Dickinson may be regarded as having
indulged In a stroke of humor when he assured his
English hearers in the course of his recent speech be
fore the Hardwickc Society of London that United
States Atnliassndor Choate was a strong presidential
Mr. Choate would probably be hailed with acclaim
by Britishers as a candidate for President of the
THE MINSTREL HOY.
BY THOMAS MOORE.
."HE Minstrel Roy to tho war Is jtenc.
In the rank? of death you'll Dm! him;
II s father"- swerd he ha girded oa.
And his wild harp slung lwhiml lilm.
I.ind of song." said tho warrkir-lmnt,
"Tt-oUBh all the tvorld betrays the.
-ie snonl. at Itit. thy lights sihttil suazil.
i)ne faithful harp shall rrak tlice."
."he Minstrel fell' hut the feeman's chain
O'.ukl not bring hln proud stmt umler;
The harp he loved ne'er spoke again.
For he tore Iu chords asunder:
And said. "No chains shall sully thee.
Thou soul of love and bravery!
Thy songs were made for the pure and the free.
They never shall sound in slavery."
.7. E. Smith. Who Visited the
Oriciii. Dt'i'i.ly Inipivssed With
Itajiiti AtlvHiicemeut Shown.
'' lSSJHrJ r 5rv5AaWJs5 1 ' "Utytrm-Mt '
MQDERK METHODS PREVAIL
Ailnuriitinn for Americans and
Aniwicsin Itle.is Universal -..
Workmi'ii An Arti.stic and
Lahorers Couteuted. '
WHY SAVAGES ARE FOND
" OF THE FLESH OF MAN.
nv the r.istr ok m:v oimnea.
Tlmf rcinnlltnllsm 1 still nrnctlced in
United States, but the average citizen of the Fuion itritl-h NVw :ulna aftT more than thlr
would sturdily refuse to participate In this enthusi- teen years of sovereignty Is no reliectlon
asm. The present American Ambassador to the " hc Lieutenant tiov.rm.r and hU magis-
,.., , c, . . , . , . . trates. With an area of .fc square mile
Court of St. James has no claim upon his country-, on he maln,n1 aIK, m If;tent!3 , proxto.
men Justifying his London-launched Ihoiii for the j ty anj ., force or i;,, iapUan polke. tt is
presidency. He was a fairly prominent lawyer In wonderful that it is limited to s-o few dl.-
New York City prior to his appointment to his pros-! lrk?t-"- u ls afe l" iop!r 'J"
., j,,. ., . . . , , ... , . . ,, ye-trs.- time it will le unknown within this
ent diplomatic post, but had never distinguished him- j jH(r,)in of the Kmpiro.
I have had no means of Invcsticatiu;; this
As a Christian mlknary. I would draw
tvhat seems to me the obvious conclusion
that Christian mlsons in yuch :i land as
British New Cuim.i art- invirtul aW to
the cess it Ion of bloodshed and cannibalism,
and on humanlt irlan grounds, apart from
any other. dcsrve moro general respect
than they rece e.
self in public life sufficiently to make him a natlunai
figure on the political stage.
Fairly prominent lawyers are exceedingly numer
ous In this country, and something more Is requisite
to bring a man to the presidential measurement.
Besides, Ambassador Choate would probably de
cline to leave London for the rough and strenuous
task of running for the presidency. At a recent
moment, when even Englishmen were rejoicing that
King Edward was out of danger. Mr. Choate was still
so deeply plunged In grief on the King's accounr that
he tried to cast n damper over an American Fourth of
July celebration In London, nrgulng that such cele
bration would be indecent. Mr. Choate may not be
considered as a presidential possibility. He is suffi
ciently prominent as American Ambassador to the
Court of Sr. James.
Sonthwcst Missouri Is the latest section of this
State to have attention called to Its surpassing natural
wealth and resources, and the showing made Is most
Impressive. One beauty about solid and prosperous
old Missouri is that any and all sections repay not
only the appreciative attention of the outside world,
but the Investment of capltnl and the settlement or
farmers and others coming from less fortunate States.
It Is well within the bounds of possibility that within
twenty-five years Missouri will make a record of in
crease in wealth and population which will place her
In the foremost position as an American Common
Missouri Republicans Fhould not fail to nominate
their strongest candidates for the Srnte Supreme
Bench when they assemble In convention :it Joplln.
These nominees will not be elected, of course, but the
party naming them will at least prove that It tried
hard to reach the high standnrd set by Missouri
Some Pointers on Old Fnrnltnre.
The impression prevails generally that mahogany was
the wood used for all line eld furniture. Some of the best
chests of drawers, bureaus and tables, however, were made
of walnut and of cherry, and many of the finer chalrn In
Queen Anne and Chippendale styles are of walnut, espe
cially If found out of New England; and as this wood Is
not much used In reproducing, one may feel fairly safe in
buying a walnut chair.
A common method employed to make articles appear
old ls the simple ure of a shotgun and No. S shot, the
result being to tho casual observer a rich harvest of an
tique worm holes. But they ran readily be detected, since
the genuine worm holes are slightly oval in shape with
ragged edges, while of course the shot holes are round and
smooth. Under a magnifying glass they cannot be mis
taken for .the genuine. Furthermore, one should bear In
mind that mahogany rarely. If ever, is worm eaten, and
then only when It han been kept in a. warm, damp cli
mate. Walnut, especially the foreign varieties. Is most
apt to be attacked by worms, but this Is usually free from
them when kept In the North. Very few specimens of
furniture in this country are worm eaten.
Importnnce of Correct Diet.
The World To-Dy.
It Is Impossible to have perfect health unlefs the body
Is perfectly nourished. No amaunt of extrclsv or deep
breathing can accomplish much unless the dlt Is suited
to the requirements of the Individual. Every day I meet
persons who are actually working themselves to death try
ing to build muscle, when a few weeks of gcod feeding
would Increase their weight and vitality at once. And I
have seen many others gain from ten to thlrty-nve nr
Torty pounds In a month and have the Increase evenly dis
tributed over their bcdles. It made little difference even
Ifhey had been thin for years; Just as soon as they got
a diet suited to their requirements they Immediately began
to pick up; the face lost Its haggard, hungry look, the
bones became covered, the angles disappeared, the form
became rounded out and symmetrical, and this In spite of
the discontinuance of heavy exercises and sometimes the
resiriotlon of even light ones.
Iloniekeeplngr In England.
Mrs. John Lane in Collier! Wrklr.
Whenever I hear Americans proclaim the cheapness of
a visit to London I havo without exception discovered
that they live here a they would not dream cf living
at home, where should they take lodgings In the same
economic manner they could live quite as cheaply.
From experience. I believe that the United States have
a very unmerited reputation for expense. Live well, even
If not ostentatiously. In London, and It ccsts fully as much
as In New Tork or Boston more than it costs In Boston.
I do not Judge by millionaires or bessars. for both are In
dependent of statistics, but by the middle clashes.
How I wish I could clap a big. stolid, conservative,
frostbitten English matron Into a smug American houe.
with a furnace, and heaps of closet room, and all sorts
of bells and lifts) and telephones, and. then force her to
tell me the absolute,, unvarnished truth! TVhat would she
say? I know!
Thanks for Snt-Tlxlnjc the Fourth.
New Orleans Times-Democrat.
Tourist (from Europe): "I should think you Americans
would observe your Fourth ot July as a day of thanks
giving Instead of devoting It to the bursting of bombs,
cannon crackers and other dangerous explosives and the
burning of fireworks."
Native American: "Oh. but we always have a Thanks
giving day later on."
Tonrlit: 'T aee. To five thanks that to many of you
tT survived tout terrltla Yozzth."
It Is Just four years ago since I was flrit
brought face to face with this gruesome
practice. Scene, the northeast coast. 13J
milts away from any Government station
a district where wc Church of England
mtlonHrles were the ttrst to live among
In front of us a native grass hut with the
skull and oilier bones of the vlct'm ot a
cannibal foist hung up as spoils of war
over the door, and the "consumer" justi
fying his action in the limited vocabulary
that we possessed In common. He was a
LIg-framcd man. with nothing but a piece
of cloth 'round his loins, a garment ham
mered out of the bark ot the paper mul
berry tree. He had a portentlouily big mouth
and he showed this to its full extent with
a splemlully sound set of teeth, and a
tongue blood-red from the Juice of the betel
He pointed to the remains of his van
quished foe hanging over the door of his
hut. "The Government say It's wrong and
the missionaries ay Its wrcng, but It Is
very good!" This was his plea for cannlbal-
lim. He knous better now, dots ray vll
TO ARRIVE AT LONDON.
SPKTIAI. Itr l!I.K TO THK XKW TORK
HK.t.U.D ANt TltnST. LoflS KirfBLlC.
Ixndon. July 12. (Copyright. !.) Amer
icans keep coming and going. Quite a large
j number left Wednesday for America, hut
during the last two or threo days many
others liave arrived.
31. K. I. IJenJamln of New Tork. who has
been traveling for hU health, left l.ondon
to-day for St. Petersburg, greatly im
Hear Admiral Watson. Captain and Mrs.
W. S. Cowles and lieutenant Watson, late
of th American Kmba-sy to the corona
tion, sailed to-day on the St. Louis.
Jtr. and Mrs. Kdmund L. Baylies havo
left Clarldge's for Paris.
il. L. Doehme nnd Mme. Nordlca-Dochmo
have left for Paris and Switzerland.
Jlr. and Sirs. II. H. DeYoung and Miss
DeYoung. who spent last month at the
Carlton, have returned to Paris.
Mr. and Mrs. R. A. C. Smith and family
of New York havo left tho Carlton for
Mr. F. A. Vanderllp. former Assistant
Secretary of th Treasury. Is at the Cecil.
Jlr. Don 31. Dick'nson. former Postmas
ter General of the t'nlted States, has taken
lage f rienL Twice a Sunday for three years ; an apartment In the Queen Anne 3Ian-
past he has attended divine service, and
learnt that since the Gud-man lived on earth
a human life U satr..d and cannibalism is
Victim" of Last Year.
The year l!vl was marked by a heavy roll
of victims to cannibalism. Whether the
number exceeded these of previous years
may te questioned. Each year, nt any rate,
we know better what Is going on. Still, the.
fact that thire were four white victims
marked last year unenvlably.
In February a party of dtesers were
making their way inland to the Yodda
Guldllrld. o-.er some deperata country that
experience alone ran ht!: one to realize,
wh-a they were cut off by a crowd of sav
ages. Two were killed and eaten; another,
a German, got away, but died a day or two
rflvrwards of exhaustion. The remains of
the unfortunate man 'were found and a
party oi their matts went out Into the dis
trict and made horrible reprisals.
31r. Herbert Noble of New York, whose
family Is In Paris, spent several days this
week In London.
Jtr. and Jlrs. Oliver H. P. Belmont are
among the arrivals at Clarldge's this week.
Mr. and Jlrs. Isaac N. Seligman. and
Master Seligman left to-day for Switzer
land. Lieutenant Governor and Jlrs. Woodruff,
who had a launch at Henley, are voyasin?
up he Thames.
Jlr. ami Jlrs. Nat C. Goodwin, who went
to Kiel as the guests, of Jlr. 1 A. B. Wide
ner in the yacht Josephine, have returned
Jlr. (". It. Alexander and the JIIses
Alexander have left the Carlton for Paris.
Mr. William Armstrong, an operatic
singer who is well known In America, was
married on July t at the Iteglster's Olllce.
In JIarylebone street, to Jlrs. JI. Craw
ford of Philadelphia. Jlr. and Jtrs. Arm-
In April, on Easter Day. the "Queen of strong spent a part of their honeymoon In
Seasons." Jame Chalmvrs. who for twen- I Parts. They have Just returned to lvaris.
ty-seven jt-ats had risked the dangers of I 3Ir. and Mrs. Allen Apgar. Jlr. and Jtrs.
missionary work amoni; savage tribes,
made his last attempt to win a wild dis
trict for c.vlllzatlon and the Prince of
Peace, and the brave old Chrlstltn warrior
met a similar fate with one white compan
ion and twelve native helpers. The Gov
ernment had to treat the matter as they
wouM the murder of peaceable settlers, and
the expedition. Iejig attacked by the can
ulbsls. himmtred thvm severely and burned
I necil not describe the other instances of
who was Killed ami eaten not more
I Charles Peabody and Jlrs. Jlay HarrUiKton
i Hanna were among thos who salted on the
Jlrs. t. L. Camman. Jr . and JIIsh
Blanche liave left Iiwidon for Paris and
SYMPATHY FOR ENGLAND'S
INJURED MAKER OF WAR.
i iwi iirscnof me otner instances ot ' ........... . . Z. T
illsm that rjN-iirrrH Ipci -.. .. .o..,( I STKCIAL IIY CAM.K TO THK XKW
iiism tnat cciurrcd last .-ar except ftKliALD and THK ST. LOCIS KEPt
w iJLi"V r TV ""V10" ?.e , London. July li-CCopyrlght. 1S-H.-Jnn-lione
of a ly of II or 1 I .... . .,., .,
ihn . ,,as bcen n Kreat deal of real sympathy In
three miles from the coast In September . v!lIece r Jlr. -eseph Chamberlain,
last. When brought to me It had still nor- ! maker of war. as he has been called by his
tions of ties adhering to It. Thl hap- ! opponnts. on Recount of hb serious ocot
penetl simp frrty miles from out nearest ' dent, met by being thrown out of his han
mlsslon station, and caused me special re- I s,,m the other day The spot where his
grct. because I had fixed upon-that very orje d , unfortunate stumble was In
place for our next extension, and had we I , .... i, ,. , .... ,. , ..
....hii.h.i ....ir .h. .. ...- - .k front of the Canadian arch In Whitehall.
.-..u..c...a uu..... ..... .. j . ... uni. a.iu.
poor lad would be living now In peace and
Jnt n Had Hnlilt.
But why do
place? Is It pure savagery, or it Is a natural
craving for animal food, which cannot oe
sutlsfled In any other way? I would offer an
opinion on this subj.ct with considerable
diffidence. It I. In fact, not easy to get
materials for a dellnite conclusion at all
When natlvts are In the
Close at hand are the Whitehall Gardens,
where Disraeli at one time had his house,
from the windows of which one might have
oliserved the accident tr th statesman uhn
thev cannltKil feasts take j,as n more than one respect made Dis
raeli his prototype.
It has also been remarked as rather curi
ous that It was In the month of July that
Sir Itotirt Pf-el. forty-two years ago. met
death because of a restive horse. As with
Jlr. Chamtierlain. the accident was made
tbe windows out of celluloid. The "Oil
Ladv of Printing-House Square" has been
most unmerrlfully chaffed for printing surh
a suggestion with all the seriousness sh-
affects. One cab proprietor, when asked
what he thought of the suggestion. Inno
cently said he thought It very good and
was quite nrepareil to adopt It If others d.'d
"One would think." said a wel-known
manufacturer of celluloid, that Jlr. Mar
shall wished to Introduce Into London traf
fic the pyrotechnic displays- he sometimes
gives In court. On the face of It the sug
restlon Is absurd, as no doubt Jlr. Hall
meant. Supposing a man accidentally
knocked his cigar against a celluloid win
dow? I.ook at this." he said, taking a
small sheet of celluloid and prespinsr a
lighted clear against it. burning a hct.
right through. "Suppose a mm -,....,.,
throw away a lighted match, a.-, one often O TlilCMTVCHir YPflRS ARfl
Lcok at this." and. Duttlns- i " - ' - ." .
cannibalistic 1 an tho m..re vrlous bv the slld'ne wlmlow
rtate we are n.t sufilclcnlly In touch with t a hanroni raliiiuc ilu-vn. through which
them to know their language and discuss It the honorable gentleman was pitched,
thoroughly. By the time we are able to I Several suggestions haw been made to
converse fluently with thorn they have j Improve the construction of cabs so as to
abandoned the practice ami when this j prevent tlie recurrence of such mishaps,
habit Is once glvtn up I know nothing that j Great fun has been got cut of a curious
the Paouan is so soon ashamed If. ami. lie- j suggestion by Jlr. Jlarsha'd Hall. K. C.
lnK ashamed of. does not care to discuss. who wrote In the Times of a plan to make
Besides he u? not accustomed to thinK
out the reasons for doing a thing, ami prfli
ably never had a reasoned reason, or
thought why he did it. till we asked him.
All we can get out of the villager. In
answer to the question why h eats man. Is
mich rplles as: "It's fleeh." "It's very
good." or "It's our custom."
I think myself the consuming of the vic
tim slain In the raid Is the natural conse
mienre of the raid. Tribes raid one an
other largely to take compensation for lives
killed In n previous raid. "A life for a lite
Is New Gulnenn all ever, nnd as the bal
ance Is never kept quite level there Ls al
ways) an account to be paid off. Apart from
this obligation. I tKlIeve the New Guinea
savage raids as a chango from tho mono
tony of agriculture. The people In that
Island are not nomadic tribes, hut live a
fairly settled life In villages, and grow all
their own vegetable food.
I'npuan Child Cannibals.
The Papuan rebounds from severe agri
culture and goes on a raid. Having raided
and killed, ft consumes, as a natural con
sequence, because the "flesh I." vary sweet."
He eats It as he would cat p'g.
It ! smoked on the Are and dismembered
Just In the same way. Then It Is wrapped
round In green leaves ami tied up with
bine, and carried home In little parcels on
poles. The pole Is bilanced on the man's
shoulder, and the little bundles decorate
the pole on each side of the man's shoulder.
The boys and girls cat It at once. Their
patents put It before them, nnd they
do not Inquire If It Is pig or man. They eat
It Just the same. This. I suggest. Is the
true view of the horrid practice of canni
balism. The Idea that '.t is due tn the natural
craving for flesh meat ls not borne out
by my New Guinea experience, for the river
district, where cannibalism Is most preva
lent In that land. Is the area where native
nig docs most abound. The rivers cave
only to be somewhat flooded, and the pigs
arc driven on to tnc higher ground, wnere
they arc easily speared. I hav board or
one part of tho coast where only the arms
and Ices of human victims wera eaten, tut
J!r. J. E. Smith, second vice president
of the Simmon Hardware Company, and
director of th World's Fair Company, who
recently returned from an extended -visit
to Jaiutn. is much Impressed with the so
cial and economic conditions of that Ori
ental country. He was particularly lm
linstwd with the wonderful progress made
by the Japanese within the last twenty
years In th arts, sciences and manufac
tures and the avidity with which they
adopt modern Ideas In the development of
their natural resources and the advance
ment of trade.
"The progress made by the Japanese In ths
arts, sciences and manufactures." said Jlr.
Smith, "within the list fifteen or twenty
years Is remarkable. They have ad-
vanced from what may almost be termed
a semlbarlKircifeJ condition to a place al
most abreast cf the most advanced civil
ized nations, and they are thoroughly lm
lKd with the modern s.plrlt of progress.
The nation Is ulng American and Euro
pean methods along every Hue. with the
most gratifying res-Tilts. The Japanese have
th highest admiration for Americans, and
American ideas and methods, which they
ar.- adoutlwr and carrying out with Intelli
gence and skill. Their educated men are
I.H-ht itut liralnv. aril well llttpd to hold
I their own with the American or European.
Their young men are prejored for the pro
fessions by a thorough and careful course
of instruction, which Includes usually a
year or two of travel and study in Europe
and America. For instance, only the other
day I was Introduced to a young Japanese,
who Is now In this city, who ls studylns
to be a civil engineer. He will spend a
year traveling In this country, and another
year In Europe before he deems himself
thoroughly fitted to take his final course
In Toklo. He Is now engaged In making an
exhaustive study of the switch plant at
Workmen Are ArtUta.
"Another thing that left a most vivid
impression on my mind if the artistic
spirit or temperament which possesses the
artisan throughout the Empire. It ls uni
versal. The Japanese workman, whetbsr
he be engaged in turning out a bit of price
less Satsuma ware, or Ivory carving, or one
of tho commonest articles of ware, la an
artist. As his work progresses and takes
definite shape, the artistic Instinct within
him takes possession of him to the exclu-t-lon
of every other consideration, and he
works with an enthusiasm and energy that
ls a profound revelation to an American
who has had unpleasant experience of
Amer.can workmen. They ue little or no,
machinery there, working by hand almost
exclusively, and in consequence the wares
they manufacture are works of consum
mate art. . .
The laborers arc. I believe, the poorait
paid of any in the world, with the possi
ble exception ot India, yet notwithstanding
this I found them invariably contented,
happy, well nourished, patient, and. above
all artistic and skillful. I can trut""l
say. from my knowledge of the work o
these people, that while Japans h f
..... -,irt-u Fair mar not be as. extensive
as those of other countries, no other coun
try will furnish one as beautiful, dainty,
artistic and Interesting.
-My visit, to Japan was undertaken pri
marily In the Interest of my health, but I
found upon the eve of my departure frora.
New York that I had been, without mi
previous knowledge, commissioned to rep
rUt tho World's Fair in diplomatic
channels. The visit was one of the most
delightful. Interesting and Instructive I have
ever experienced, but I am parUcularly
gratltled at the result accomplished In the
matter of Inducing Uie Japanese Govern
ment to participate. -omctally In the Worlds
Fair. Too much credit cannot be given to
Colonel A. E. Buck. United States Consul
nt Toklo. whose Indefatigable efforts large
ly contributed to this. end. and to Mr. Bar
rett who relieved me of the diplomatic
work upon his arrival. I found upon my
arrival In Toklo that the Japanese Gov
ernment would be unable to participate of
ficially in the World's Fair in 1303. because
t was preparing for a national exposition
of Its own In Osaka for that year. When
I realized the situation, I decided to make
an effort to Interest the manufactures In
dividually and induce them to make an
exhibit worthy of the nation. In this I
had the hearty co-opcratlon of Henry Satoh.
who represented Japan at the Paris and
Columbian exposition?, and who. I believe,
will be her representative at the Louisiana
"The manufacturers took kindly to tn
suggestion, and at a dinner given me by
tfce leading manufacturers In Tok o I out
lined my proposition, and recelven tne
unanimous assurance of every one present
l'nlr Amoclatlon of Japanese?.
"Later. I received Invitations from manu
facturers frrm every commercial enter In
th Empire to meet them and lay my plana
bfor them. Tho result was an association
w.i- forrmtl. called the 'St. Louis World's
Fair Association of Japan.' with 3d) mem
br. At the cutset I struck a snag, which
rearlv dfnt''d my project. There were
th're associations formed for the same pur-p..-rno
by manufacturers, one by ex
torters and one by persons- desiring to rep-re--.-nt
those of the other two classes, who
could not nssume personal charge of their
exhibits. Eventually. I succeeded In merg
ing the three Into one organization, work
"Just Iwfore the postponement of the Fair
was nnnounced. the Japanese Government
announ-ed that It would extend financial
aid to Japanese exhibitors at the World
Pal-, to the amount of 3) per cent of their
Individual exhibits. With the postponement,
of -ourse. this arrangement was- withdrawn,
and the Government announced that It
wonld partlclnate offlclalty.
'This association Is doing splendid work,
from information I have received since my
return. The rules of the World's) Fair and
the classification list of exhibits have been
minted In the native language, at the ex
pense of the association, and distributee;
throughout the country. The leading news
papers. In the large cities devote space to
the Fair at frequent Intervals, and. all to
gether, our little far-err Oriental neighbor
Is doing yeoman missionary work for tne
noes in n can. Lcok at this." strut .
a lighted match to a sheet of celluloid it
uu'.iifi'ciiit'u in a u.aze.
TO-DAY IN ST. LOUIS, t
From The HfruMte- July . 117-
Anonr the residents of St. Loulw
EPWORTH LEAGUE CONVENTION -hose arrival in Europe was reported
"" ""lull . . .- T-,i--r Ames. Jlr. and Mrs.
Dek-jraies From Illinois Will Meet
at Xashville This Week.
Nashvnie. III.. July liThe annual state
"hl 'n J?Vh0 Epworth League of the
In this city July 15-n Inclusive. Jlanv
. . "iviusuc. aiany a
eminent ministers will be present, among ' 2
them Doctor W. a Palmo.e cf St. Louis.
The Reverend Jlr. NIshlkawa and his wife ! X
Japcnese. will entertain the delegate on ' 1
the opening evening. Tuesday, with the 1
8 mJ?,:.'VUl Evenlac " Japan." Tuesday X
will be taken up In receiving delegates and i
providing homes for them. I
Delegates are expected from every league I
of the church in tho State, and the- largest O
mrtung in me nistory of the league Is
anticipated. Tuesday evening the various
committees to serve during the convention
nvrn Kdrnr .Ames, jii. uuu j".
Ju!lu3 R Greffet. A. McHargadlne,
J. W. Jlorrisor-. J. L. and C. K.
Chambers.G. W. Flshback. I. J. Sean
lan and family Jlr and Jlrs. B. D.
ThornburgU nnd W. A. Thornbnrgh.
Bishop E. JI. Jlorive. Miss Cole.
A. D. Bernayp, H. L. Krechraar. Gen
eral and Mrs. JIacAdaros and Miss
At the Apollo Theater, corner of
Fourth and Pc plar streets, a benefit
was given to A. C. De Lorme.
The City Council approved the
bends of A. J. Smith. Auditor, and
P.IcharJ Walsh, City Register. The
harrcr boat don G. Smith was or
A bill was passed bv the Council
the history of the league Is , requiring pawnbrokers to irlve a. bond-.
O to the city. The license of real estate -
will be named by the chairman, and on
Thursday the business session will be
s dealers was reduced from J30 to 1100 ,
a year s