Newspaper Page Text
THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. JULY 13, 1902.
(WORLD'S CHIEF FINANCIAL INSTITUTION AS IT APPEARED TO FRANK G. CARPENTER.
& ft Look Into the Vaults of the Bank of England, Which Was Founded by William Paterson, the First American Invader. o
ritntT of Bullion and fc.nongn. JolD
to Pay England's Trade Balance
to I's Pierpont ilorgan and the
Cashier Soldiers Who Guard
the (ireat Building at Xight
BperUI C"errc-pcr.cnce of Tfce Suscay ItepubBe-
Lnndon. Juno It I was taken over to
the Rank of England to-day by Us secretary
nr.d shown the enormous funds on hand In
bJ'Loc and notes. I had a letter from our
5y:et.ir rf the Treasury to the governor
ard ln! called with the hope that I might
hive an Interview Tilth him on th Amer
ican u.vasloa and other matters relating to
the fl a:n.lal condition of this richest Era-rl-c
of Europe Tr-e goivrnrr. however.
f. r obvious reasor glvv ro Interviews to
the r.cwspapr H!"i opinions might cre
tjfi a rife nr fall of wtocfes. and. therefore,
gr hRF to ho r-cfu! of his utterances.
TVe r. r k o' Iceland Is perhaps the chief
flT.nr -i! .-'tt.t'on of the world. It Is a
'pr rt -; oration, but It has since Its or-g---
: i) I -Ti t-e depository of the Gov
... , - i ' If It has mu"h to do with
f- - ' - t' e Government debt and It mlsht
b" V (i tl-o Nitional Bank of Great Brit
nir Te bank Is now MS jenrs old. It was
fpu- iVd on the 27th of Julv. 1691. by an
American ll'f name was William Pater
ion s"d he was born In Scotland, but ha
pot te foundation of his fortune on this
aide of the Atlantic. He came from BrKoL
England, to the New World to seek his for
tune, settling In the province on Massa
chusetts Cay. He lived some time In Bos
ton, ard was at one time a merchant and
hip owner there. From Boston he sent out
privateers to prey upon the shim of coun
tries then at war with Great Britain. He
vras married In Boston and later on left
there and settled In London.
Government Borrowed $G,000,000
at Kate of G Per Cent
Mr. Paterson might be called the flrt
American Invader, for he was the first to
take capital, made In America, and use It in
Great Britain. He had In his character
many of the element, of Pierpont Morgan,
mnd he saw his chance to make money out
cf the British Government, which was then
financially crippled by Its wars with France.
The Government wanted money and Pater
son saw that It could give exclusive bank
in privilege! to an Institution which would
furnish a permanent loan at a reasonable
rate. He Organized a combination of some
of the chief British merchants, backed bv a
capital of W.000 000. and offered to toan this
amount to the Government at the then low
raU of t per cent per annum, on the condi
tion that the Government wouio give m?
combination a charter to deal In bills of
exchange, bullion and bonds, and pay It
flOOtfO a year for handling the Govern
ment debt. This offer was accepted, and
the Bank of England was the result. Pat
erson was one of the original director,
and during hla Ufa the bank became firmly
The Institution was a prosperous one
from Its start. The Government steadily
Increased Its connections with It. and to
ay It owes the bank about ten times as
much as when It was founded, although the
.Interest rate has fallen from S per cent to
per cent per annum.
ring my trip through the Dame l spem
sitae time In the printing aeparimeni
"watching them make the Bank of England
rotes. The scenes there are much the same
as In our Bureau of Engraving and Printing
at Washington, save that the paper Is dif
ferent. Our bank note paper has a grayish
tinge, with silk threads or d!fTir.nt olors
running through It.
yotes Are Printed
in Jet Black Ink.
The .English bank-note paper Is as white
as the whitest parchment. It has a sort of
transparent whiteness, and It Is exceeding
ly thin and remarkably strong. It is made
cf pure linen rags by a secret prooess In
paper mills which do nothing else. The pa
per is the same to-day as It has been for
ICO years, and It Is almost Impossible to
The notes are almost square. There Is
no lathe work upon them. They are print-
WRITTEN roil THE STJKDAT REPUBLIC.
King Edward VII holds an easy record
against all sovereigns, living or dead, for
military honors, ravlews and practical com
mands. He is Colonel of eleven regiments apart
from his office as Field Marshal command
ing two German regiments, one Russian,
one Italian and the corps of Greek Guardj.
All these regiments he has reviewed in per
son, and since Ma twenty-first year he has
held 150 reviews, as against the Kaisers
two hundred odd. and his various regiments
give him command over 12,000 men. not
counting tho household troops. The Kaiser
Is generally supposed to have dona mora
army work than any other living monarch,
but he is a bad second to King Edward,
folding command over seven regiments,
three of them foreign, and tha Cxar ranks
King Edward has also tha record for quick,
hooting, against all comers of any cation,
at birds on the wing or running game.
There are plenty who hava mada bigger
bags, for he does not care for piling up tha
slain against time, preferring to shoot quiet
ly and kill his game In good style. But in
actual thootlng be holds the re-cord with a
feat ho often performs that of neatly
bringing down six partridges with six sepa
rate shots, out of a single covey. Thesa
hots ara all dellvsred within as many sec
onds, each bird being picked out from tua
same bunch, flying at a god fifty milts aa
.hour. This is far more difficult shooting
.han walking tha birds up and killing tnem,
s they rise, for they ore put up at a dis
tance, and come cast like a flash of light-
ring. The King's method Is to "drop"
two of the birds as they approach him. take
a second gun from his loader, and snap two
more as they .vass over head, and a third
brace ara killed with a third gun before
thoy can get out of range. This is wonder
ful shooting, requiring absolute precision
and lightning-like handling of tha gun; and,
though many crack shota can kill four, and
one or two five, birds In this way, no one
but King Edward can "grass" six.
Another record King Edward holds is that
cf yacht racing. In which he stands easily
at the top of the tree, having won mora
prizes and made a better average man any
past or present yachtsman, whether royal,
noble or commoner.
His vessel, the Britannia, has taken over
100 prizes and cups, all round the British
coasts, amounting to a money Talus of
more than in.000, or COO In value, and
twenty-three in number above any other
acht s record. Tha Britannia would proo-
ably hava won tha America Cup. too. If
he cad been sent over, for she used to
easily beat the challenger. Valkyrie III, be
fore that vessel went out to be beaten, only
by a very little, by the American yacht. De
fender. And in practical seamanship tha
King holds a record, for ha Is tha only
monarch who can steer a large yacht.
A laborious record that must be tut down
to Edward VII Is tho laying of 2H founda
tion atones and "first pieces" of bridges
and railway since he came of age. Each
cf these was a long, and generally a rather
dull, ctremony. taking about a couple cf
hours. Including tha receptions and reading
cf addresses. Hera, again, the Kaiser
comes second, having laid one hundred and
twenty odd. including hla own palaces and
country bouses, which, when fce has a
ed la Jet black lnX nd the printing ma
chines are such that they number the notes
from 1 to 1M.01 This numbering i done
automatically, so that the notes of each
bundle cf 10.000 are In their natural order
when they are taken aw ly. The smallest
no'cs now printed are those for 2. and the
largest for 1.Oj0. The paper Is fo thin that
In the bark laults where bundles of nofa
are kept I was able to hold U.OuO.OOO worth
of them In my two hands. This amountrep
resented a value of &UXO.OC0 and It did not
weigh more than a score of the Sunday
edition of this newspaper It made me feel
like a millionaire, but the feeling was mo
mentary, for the doors were carefully
guarded and the officials of the bank who
stood about me nere lusty fellows, who
would have certainly resisted any attempt
at departure with valuable paper. The
notes. In fact, weigh only 154 grains to tho
note, and et they are so strong that a sin
gle sheet of the paper of which they are
made will support City pounds weight with
All notts are destroyed after they are re
deemed, but they are kept a certain time In
order that any question concerning their
ownership In the past may be traced. The
Englishman takes the numbers of his bank
notes, and In many cases he makes the man
who pays them over to him Indorse his
name on the back. The bank keeps the
numbers, and after the notes come they
keep a record of the bank sending them,
and they can In a moment pick out any
cote that they have received during the
Cast five years.
Gold Prom Australia, Africa
and the United States.
When our greenbacks and silver certifi
cates come Into the Treasury, they are de
stroyed by cutting them In Quarters and
then grinding them Into pulp In bolllng-hot
water. They are redeemed by the Issuing
of fresh notes The Bank of England notes
ore usually redeemed with gold, golden
sovereigns being shoveled out in Ecoops
Just like the little shovels our grocers use
for eugar. The gold Is not counted, but Is
weighed, the tellers knowing Just how many
sovereigns go to the ounce or pound. The
notesWo canceled by tearing a piece out of
a corner of each, and are then tiled away In
the bank-note catacombs, in boxes for a
period of flvo years. At the end of this
time they are burned.
I went down Into the bullion vaults. These
look much Uke those of the Mint at Phila
delphia. In them are great piles of gold
new one, ha always Inaugurates himself.
But the King beats tho Kaiser by ninety
four. A still finer record than this, and one
that stands well ahead of any rival, is the
founding of 160 public charities and funds,
from the New Sailors' Home. In ISIS, down
to the Relief rund for the victims of the
volcano disasters In the West Indies.
Queen Victoria, whose charity was fa
mous, could count 115 not counting private
charities, of course, and, among living sov
ereigns, tha Czar comes next, though he
Is little credited with 1L But as Crown
Prince and as Emperor, be haa founded
eighty-four publio charities and hospitals.
Tha icing's hospitals number fourteen, and
his yearly gifts to charities of all sorts
now amount to 15.000.
I All together since his majority, he haa
given away over 100.000 of bis private la-
1 come, opart from private donations, which
are not heard of. As to bazaars. King Ed
ward has a list of over TO) behind htm,
and the average number of dinners he pre-
, sides over every year, taking the last taa
I years. Is thirty-three or tblrty-four. I
BOOKSELLER'S WAY OF
ATTRACTING A CROWD.
Hurrying, they cam a down tha thorough
fare from opposite directions. As they wera
Just about to pass each other tha man In
the heavy green sweater lurched to tha left
and felled tha man with tha satchel to tha
The latter sprang to his feet end shoe
his flnser under tha former's noa.
"You idiot! Can't you sea where yos ara
"It was aa accident,"
"Nothing of the sort. Yon dellbtrateljr
turned to the left and tripped ma up."
"Then I apologize."
"Soma things need mora than an apology.
Do you think I o going to let some lout
knock my head off and then mumble a
measly Bcc pardon T"
A crowd was collecting rapidly. The loud
and excited words caused pedestrians to
come from all sides. Tha man In tha green
sweater backed off several paces and
doubled up his flats.
"Did you say I was a loutt"
"I Insinuated to that effect."
"Then you hava got to fight. I ran Into
you accidentally and apologized Ilka a gen
tleman, but I see that you ara looking fey
trouble. Come over In this vacant lot and
wa will have It out."
"Why not herer
"Because there Is no use In paying an
unnecessary fine. We will ba undisturbed
"Just as you say."
The crowd was delighted. Thero waa
every prospect of a lively set-to. Messen
gers forgot their errands and teamsters left
their trucks at the curb. Old gentlemen,
who looked as though every minute of their
time wera a dollar, came out from their
offices and followed the crowd. Every oc
cupation waa represented, excepting that of
Once on the lot the two belligerents
turned and faced tha vast crowd. The man
with the satchel opened that receptacle and
brought forth a dozen boles and envelopes.
"Gentlemen." ha began, flourishing tha
books In the air, "this man's apolog has
been accepted, so there'll be no fight, but
while you are all hera let me show you tha
Ufa of Fltznoodle.' Tho man that buys
this book for a quarter gets a genuine
Alaska diamond pin. a pair of Peru pearl
cuff buttons, an Australian gold ring and
a glass pen. Greatest bargain on earth,
gentlemen! Come a-runnlng!"
In ten minutes he bad sold out and di
vided profits with the man in the green
;"4ivW - T
VWmMwI Jt& &Pffl& Bank or England
Patl HW.V;' wmw v
bricks and gold pigs, which are rent la
frcm the mines of all parts of the world.
I saw gold from Australia. South Africa.
India and the United States, and the man
told me that It was almost absolutely pure.
I saw also great vaults In which are gold
sovereigns In bags, each holding sevrcl
quarts. The bags are piled up like so much
grain, end the means of protecting them
does not seem to Le as good as tho;o of
the Treasury at Washington. I do not re
member ths exact amount of bullion on
hand, but It Is probably less than, we have
In our Treasury Department, for the flood
of gold Is now coming our way.
I have spoken of the Bank of England as
1 ' 7
I -. l
E. M. Holland Studying a Daring Part for
fBBBBBBBBBE T SSSSSSSs -4$C flSBSBSBr SSBB .SSSBBBBBBBST
"wTtlTTEX TOK THB feUSIMT REPUBLia
Mr. E. M. Holland has signed a contract
whereby that veteran actor agrees to under
take the impersonation o' the character of
the Pope of Rome In the forthcoming pro
duction of Hall Calne'a "The Eternal City."
In tha announcement It Is added that "thero
Is perhaps no ether actor In America so
suited to this Important role, either In ap
pearance, artistic ability or In that pure
and blameless record which should belong
a private bank. If you have the right kind
of an Introduction you can open an account
In It. but you have to keep enough money
on deposit to matrtt It pay the bank to do
your business. Tha oillolals estimate that
each account must yield U cents to the
bank for every check cashed throughout
the year, so If you Issue a thousand checks
the bank will have to make at least fl2
out of you or It will refuse to keep your ac
count. There are now about 5.00 private
accounts carried, and the private deposits
average over tl00.0u0.000.
A large part of the business of the bank
Is In handling the Government debt. I taw
the clerk paying out dividends In the divi
to a man who attempts so e-rtlttd a char
acter." It U Interesting to know that this U sot
the euloglsra of a press agent, but that It Is
marvelously near tha truth.
The entlra Holland family. In their con
nection with tha American stage, hava sus
tained a record which entitles them to tha
respectful attention and loyal support of
all those good people who love to be allured
to the bright domain within tha theater, but
dend room. Her are Government -earl-'
ties of all kinds and the stockholders com
to cash their coupon It ts estimated that
tbrre are 175.0 0 persons who own such
stocks, and a large number of them come
sere In person for their money. The in
terest paid out amounts to more than C
000.OCO.CCO a year, and a good part of It Is
now gelng to Americans, as they have but
lately been Investing In English Govern
Runs on the Bank in
Time of Panic,
And does the big Bank of England ever
have a run upon It?
Yes. Indeed! This has been the case In
times of panic, and there have been In
stances nhen the bank has had to suspend
specie payments. It did so during the ilrst
year of Its existence. The Government had
called In th sllvtr to have It recolntd. and
the bank was hard up for currency. Its
stock went down from 119 to E3. and Its di
rectors l&sucd a call of X per cent on the
shareholders. The bank suspended specie
payments from 1TST to 1S1?. and when It re
sumed It bad abut VfvJfDfiii worth of golJ
and silver to bed with. There have been
times when It has paid out depositors In
shillings and sixpences In order to gain
time to get money to meet it obligations,
and one at leaat It had a line of Its own
men who accepted such silver payments
and deposited them again as fast as th-y
were received, so that a continuous stream
of the am silver (lowed in and out of the
bank, while the depositors waited. At one
"The Eternal City."
rko cepracata ax ma sama tin exist
ent condition of social Ufa wit tha cir
cle of ths player world.
Tha New York Herald of January 8. 1S71.
In reviewing tha Ufa and recording tha
death of George Holland, says, in part:
"Some weeks ago an old artist died In this
city; a kindly, gentle, good old man. upon
the mirror of whose Ufa no breath of bad
ness had ever fallen. How many of us re
member when yoocg to have listened with
time a dtpoeitor demanded ruo.0"0 in gold
coin, and at another the strain was ro great
that some of the richest of the English no
bility drove to the bank In coad.es filled
with golden guineas, which they deposited
to help the bank meet Its demands.
Governor and Twenty-Four
Directors Are in Charge.
I spent some time In the council-room
where the directors meet and In the library
chatting with the secretary about the gov
ernment of th bank. It has a governor, a
deputy gwernor and twenty-four directors.
The governor receives J10.CCO a year and
each cf the directors Is paid CECiO. The
governor la usually chosen from among th
directors, and on the average he Is about
twenty years In the directorate before he Is
elevated to the office of governor.
The capital of the bank Is at present a
little less than rT5.Cv0.0M and Its dividends
last year were about 10 per cent.
The notes now In circulation amount to
more than J131.TO0.0C0 and there are some
thing like JI10.O0O.OO worth of notes on hand.
The bank has C&0C4.C,.O worth of cold and
silver coin and bullion, and all together It
u in sucn a condition that those holding Its
stock and notes are not lying awakt at
eight for fear of its Insolvency.
Indeed, the management of Ct funda Is
under such rerIc'lons that It would be
Impossible for the officials to make way
with them, and the vaults and oftioec are
guarded by policemen and watchmen by
day and by a company of soldiers at night.
K"i;n the shrewdest of our American
criminals could hardly make their way
Into the Bank of England. Nevertheless
some of the greatest frauds which have
been perpetrated uoa it vvera by Ameri
cans. You may have heard of the forgeries of
George Uldvvell and h!3 brother. Austin.
who. together with McDonnell and Hill.
created sucb a sensation hero about twenty
years ago. Thess four men forged notes
upon the bank to the extent of half a mil
lion dollars, and got away with the money,
although they wera afterwards arrested.
Forgeries Made by Shrewd
New York Criminals.
These men were crooks from New Tork,
who came to London with & capital of CO.
(CO. Georze Bldwcll was the forger, but tho
others helped him carry out the scheme.
The bank, you know, has branches all
over the city, and the one In the West End
has a big business In handling tho private
delighted smile to tha mtriT mimicry of old
"How many of us caught the sweet tnusla
of our children's Joyous laughter, as they
reveled In Innocent delight over his quips
and Jests and patent snuffle! And during
the many years In which ca played many
parts there Is not a man within the city
who can point to a word which ever passed
his lips which could touch with the faintest
wound the delicate sensibility of a girl. His
Ufa was one of manly woik and blameless
goodness, and he brought up a numerous
family to walk In tha ways their father
George Holland was born In London In
1TH and died In New York In UTO. "The
Little Church Around tha Corner." made fa
mous through an Incident attending his
Dunai. sun stands, an unchanged and en
during monument to his blameless Ufa. al
though more than thirty years hava rolled
off tho calendar since ha waa carried
through Its doors to his flnal resting place.
More than thirty-two years, and a gener
ation has passed from childhood to mlddlo
age, and ths sons of this good man who
have indeed walked "In ths ways their fa
ther did." have won fama for themselves
and andcartd themselves to ths Americas
public through thtlr own worth and ability.
and one. at least, of thes sons ? coma
to be known aa a "veteran aotor."
A short tlma ago, as a guest in the de
lightful summer home in Mains of Mr. B.
M. Holland. It was my privilege to listen
through a long, memorable evening to rem
iniscences fraught with ths Oder of dead
Mr. Holland. Uke ail other "vateran ac
tors." loves to talk about tha "palmy
days" of tha American stags and to review
his long career. And. Uke all other actors,
ha can tall an Interesting story of aarly
struggles against hard luck and a rigid
training In the school of adversity for the
WHY THE BLASE
WJUllHi." Ttm THB SUNDAY WJUBUa
It hapsened that the Blase Man sat ona
evening, not vary long ago, listening in a
bored way to tha muslo In ths reception
room of tha Planters. Tbtrt was the usual
oosmopoUtan gathering about tha rooms and
and ths Bias Man was taking so particu
lar notice of anything.
Suddenly his attantlon was attracted to a
couple who wera seated on a divas not very
far away from him. The lady had passed
middle age. but showed unmistakable traces
of rare beauty. Her face and manner wore
gentle In the extreme, and the Blase Man
looked In vain for any Indication of bore
dom. She was richly gowned and wore
By her side sat a soldierly man. His
shoulders were square and firm. His hair
and mustache ware snowy white. Tha
Blase Man felt quits sura ha was "from
Kentucky, sir." They wens sitting quietly.
apparently enjoying tha mualo and sot
heeding the throng about them. Presently
the lady moved Just a trifle nearer and
C2oke la a low voice. Her companion
smiled down Into her eyes and then quietly
took her Jeweled band In h'.s.
"And there they sat," said the Blase Man
afterward, "holding each other's bands for
at least fifteen minutes. There was not the
least evidence that they were conscious or
anything or anybody but the musla and
"It was a beautiful thing to see. They
made a picture that would have meant
fame for any artist who could have caught
accounts of wealthy people. Austin Bld
I well rented a house near this bank and
, then Introduced himself as a wealthy
American and opened an account with, a
ceposlt of JW.000. He drew out and paid
In money for sometime. cultivating the of
ficials of tho bonk and talking to them of
his friendship with the Rothschilds and
ofhers.. Ho rretended to have business
with the Itothschilds and one day brought
In a lot of notes which ho had bought of
tho Rothschilds In Paris, and asked the
bank manager to discount them. Tho man
ager said he would let him know the next
day If he would Ieava the notes, and In
the meantime took them to the main odica
of tho back. The authorities there Informed
him that ho could discount such notes by
the cartload, and ho did.
Other genuine nttes were brought In and
discounted In the same way. This was
kept up until the bank, grew accustomed to
discounting Rothschild's notes and then
BIdwell began to for;;o juch notes. Ha
shoved them In by the buslitl and took out
gold to the amount of half a million dollar
In exchange. Tho most of thin money ha
took away In gold coin, which was carried
off to the tented houso. nearby. Ho would
have gotten perhaps a million dollars mora
had not Hill, ono of his confederates, omit
ted to fill In a date on one of tho note.
This caused suspicion and the forgers wera
discovered. They had time to flee, but
sooner or later they were all arrested and
McDonald and Hill wcro kept In pribon
for Ufa. but Austin and Gcorgo BIdvvell
were pardoned on tho ground of HI health.
They wero released and came back to tho
I don't know that either was ablo to save
anything from his stealings. The greater
part of McDonald's share fell, it 19 said.
Into the hands of a detective named Ir
ving, who. McDonald claimed, had agreed
to allow him to escape If he would turn
tho money over to him. George BIdwell had
to give up his share when he was taken in
Scotland and I think that 20,000 of tho
money was captured in tha shape of United
States Government bonds, which had been
bought In London and sent to New York In
a trunk of soiled linen.
It is hard to counterflt the Bank of Eng
land notes not only on account of the paper
and Ink. hut also of the caro which Is used
by tha bank to trace the note. Every note
that comes into the bank must be Indorsed,
although It Is doubtful whether such in
dorsement could ba enforced as the notes
ara pavable to bearer. You may hava
heard the story of how the bank refused to
cash one of Its own notes for Pierpont Mor
gan, a few months ago. As the story goes
Mr. Morgan presented the note and asked
that It be exchanged for gold. Tha
cashier requested him to writs his
name on the back, but ha refused
saying that tha note was to bearer
and aa It was genuine the bank
should cash It without indorsement. Upon
the cashier persisting Mr. Morgan said ha
would let tho note go to protest, whereupon
the banker threw up his hands In holy hor
ror at tha Idea of a protest of the Bank of
England. He was about to nand over tlia
money, when Mr. Morgan, as a favor, wrota
his name across the back of tee note.
There ara few financial Institution! which
can afford to have a question raised as to
their solvency. Even Jn Bank cf England
didn't want Its notes to go to protest, and
It is sensitive as to Us reputation. I was
told at tha bank how a Jiw ruie bluffed tha
officials Into paying soma notes which, tha
bank officers knew wera stolen.
The Jew was a man of wealth and was
well known In the Stock Exchange, Ha had
bought S10O.0GO worth of Bank of England
notes from a clerk who had been employed
In one of the banks of tha Continent, but
who had absconded with this cart of hla
bank's funds. When tha notes wars pre
sented the officials refused to pay them, but
the Jew at once took them with him to tha
Stock Exchange and there proclaimed tha:
the Bank of England had stopped payment.
He said It had refused to honor Its own bills
for nCO.OCO. and be showed the notea In cor
roboration of his statement. He said ha
would continue to publish the fact that tha
bank was Insolvent and thereby almost cre
ated a panic The exdtsment war ruc!i
that tha cashier of tha Dank of England
sent for him and gave hint tha money for
his notes. It Is doubtful, however, whether
such a thing could be dona to-day.
FRANK G. CARPENTSIU
Copyright, UC2. by f. O. Carptsitr.
earatr ht was dtstlnad to make for him-
It was not untn 1SS8 that Mr. Holland en
Joyed a reel succsss. and that was as Cap
tain Redwood In "Jim. tha Penman." with
the old Palmer Stock Company, at tha
Madison Square Thsater.
After an experience of starring Mr. Mans
field In the role of a manager Mr. Holland
Joined Mr. Charles Frohman's comedians
In tho production of "Never Again." He
staved with this organization until last
year, when he was starred again under Mr.
Frohman's management In "Eben Holden."
Everybody concerned In the production of
"The Eternal City" including the author
himself. Is greatly Interested in speculation
as to what attitude the public Is going to
assume toward tho presenyitlon of Pope
Leo XIII. himself upon the stage.
It Is an Interesting fact that Mr. Holland
bears a marked resemblance to his Holi
ness, and will need little mora than a skull
cap and tha necessary habiliments to make
the likeness little less than perfect. Mr.
Holland sits In tha library of his home. In
Boothbay. Mo., studying "Tha Eternal
City." with a photograph of tha Pope on
the desk In front of elm and one of himself
"Will we dare do It?" he said. "This
seems to be a potent question. For my own
Part. I do not see why. since Pope Leo
life Is history and himself an important
historical character. However. The Eter
nal City la purely fictitious, and this fact
may make a difference."
About half a mile north of East Booth
bay, and fronting on the broad Damarls
cotta River. Mr Holland has built a beau
tiful summer home, and here Ke goes as
soon as his season closes, to spend as much
time as possible with Mrs. Holland and his
little son and daughter, and little wonder"
that he looks forward regretfully to the
time when he will be called again to re
hearsal. MAN WONDERED.
their expression. Did me a lot of good. It
was so perfectly natural. We don't sea
enough of that sort of thing."
Winks: "Jinks Is getting thin. What's
the matter with hlmt"
Blinks: "Oh. ha hates the trusts and'has
stopped eating to get even with them."
A Ohowder Cameo.
Oh. the clam and the potato
Are a very happy team.
When they dance a wild fandango
In the chowder all abeam.
Oh. the music of their dancing
As they whirl In wildest glee.
Is the froj frou cf the farm field
And tha nocturne of the sea.
Oh. the chowder sot potpourri
Makes the diner feel indeed
That he's rolling on the ocean
And cavorting in the mead.
In the height of all his rapture.
So amphibious he feels.
That bo thinks he's hoeing cabbage
On the wave and catching eels.
In the beas patch Is ths gardes.
Where the Johnny Jumpers Jump,
And the milkweed clings seresely
To the bosom of the pump.
Thus becharged with chowder finrVia
Hs Is filled unto the brim.
Till he thinks that while he's walking
He's Indulging In a swim.
And that Clndnnatus blows en
Neptune's trumpet on the sea.
While old Neptune laves the bullock
As he skims the daisied lea.