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The St. Louis Republic. (St. Louis, Mo.) 1888-1919, March 08, 1903, PART I, Image 13

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020274/1903-03-08/ed-1/seq-13/

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THE KEPUBLTC: SUNDAY. MAECH 8, 1903.
r.
"JOHN A. LEE DEFENDS VOTE
ON ALUM BILL IN SENATE.
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1861
1903
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Quotes Many Missouri Doctors to Show That Alum in Food Is a
Poison Deleterious to the Public Health Says the General
Opinion of Experts Has Given Him That "Alum Dis
taste" and Xot Alum Taste Is Proud
of His Stand in the Matter.
i jiXa the Editor of The Republic.
UTfJefferson City, March 6. I hae read jour
I particle of yesterday In relation to my cast-
- 4ii nc i.c luieiii mvur 01 compel"",, man
ufacturers of baking powder to label their
products and 3tate upon each can the In
gredients of the compound.
Kindly noto that the substitute providing
for labeling was reported fav orably by the
committee, and that -where the vote Is a
tie that It Is a courtesy which the presid
ing officer owes to th committee which he
lias appointed to sustain its recommenda
tion if he consistently can.
(.' PUBLIC POISONING.
I could not only do so consistently, but
v conscientiously. I am the publisher, and
have for jears been the editor, of two
trado papers in the food-product line, have
studied the subject carefully and believe
V i that I know it. I ha e maintained for
many jcara mat mum was a narjmui uiw
unwholesome food admixture, and voted to
put a label on the cans. o thit thoe who
vbellcve as I do. that alum in any quantity
;V introduced into the human stomach, is a
, . ....
(j-poLson, can Know- wnai tney ore rayuu:
vknd eating, if we must continue to at all
Jjmntt public poisoning for profit.
e . lour ieuerson v.j correpponutiH, wim
Is uually accurate, reliable and fair, mis
understood me as to statement published
jesterday morning. I did not say that "I
believe there was corruption on both sides."
I did say that I bcllccd thai there was is
much corruption on one sideas the other.
I did say thit any one who would .manu-
I , facture and deceptively market a food prod
s' uct containing alum was away from home
every day he was outside of the Pcnlten
" tlary.
INJURIOUS EFFECTS.
Many em to share my -views, and es-
pccially those competent to Judge. No one
i Is so capable of estimating tho effect of
an article of food upon the human s)tem
j , a practicing and experienced physician,
f They are much more competent in that
f repect than analjtlcal chemists, for the
P physician almost dally diagnoses conditions
jlof Injurious effects of food products. whiU
Jjutemlsts give their opinions from a knowl
Jeico of probable effects. The one Is tbe
toretlcal, the other practical.
Knowing that this question was coming
up at this session, I conc'uded last August
.. to ascertain the sentiment of the phj si
clans of Missouri on this subject. From a
medical directory I selected one, physician
in each county who, from the information
elven in the directory, had graduated at a
well-known and reputable medical college,
and usually a man of some years practice,
without any knowledge of his politics.
I wrote a circular letter to lit payslclans,
there being that many counties In Missouri,
- asking their attention to the law, which
) was In effect prohibiting the use of alum In
X baking powder or any other food product,
and asking whether or not they thousht
. It should be repealed.
Among many others I received the fol
lowing replies, of which publication war: not
prohibited: Out of the entire number of
replies received only one or two aguely
stated that they thought the law should bo
repealed for political reasons.
OPINIONS OF PHYSICIANS.
0 The following replies are from physicians
FT if Missouri, men in whose hands tne lives
v and health of our citizens are constantly
( placed, and In whose Judgment I have ab-
, solute confidence, and In w hose honesty and
sincerity I most earnestly believe:
A. M. Conway, M. D., Columbia, Mo
says, of date August IS, 1902:
"Alum Is undoubtedly deleterious to the
human system. Some Individuals resist its
effect more than others, but continued use
will gradually Impair the healthful func-
j tlons. It Is a powerful astringent, and, there-
fore, poisonous. I would, therefore, recom
mend that the law be not repealed."
T. W. Foster, M. D., BuUer. Mo., under
date August 27, 1302. says:
. "Alum in baking powder Is deleterious and
harmful to the health. I would suggest that
jou cttempt to defeat the repeal of tho
present law, believing It to be tor the wel
fare and health of tne people."
Carl Brockhausen, M. D , of Hermann, Mo.,
t of date September 3. 1902, says: "Alum, is
considered by all good authorities one of
xne mineral poisons, its total or partial
SSSSSlSJ 55?" '? h
powder is an adulteration and an Injury to
at:
ealth, and should be prohibited by law."
D. Clalborn. M. D.. Wavnesville. Sfn. nf
ame oepiemoer o, uic, says: rne bill pro
hibiting the sale of alum baking powder
meets my hearty approval.
"The eating of bread containing alum for
a protracted time will certainly produce
constipation, as well as numerous other dis
eases, i
T. V. Baldwin. M. D., Forsyth, Mo., of
date September 10. 1902, says:
"In my opinion, alum In baking powder
Is Injurious. I IndorseMbe action of the
Legislature in prohibiting the admixture or
alum in baking-powder compounds, and
trust the law will not be repealed."
J. R. Boyd. M. D, Springfield. Mo., head
Physician for the Modern "Woodmen of
America, of date November 26. 1905, says:
"In .--ply to your letter, received some time
ago, I would say that the law should stand.
Alum, even in minute doses. Is an Irritant
to healthy tissues. Some people consume a
large amount of bread, especially the poorer
class of people, and thev would he rmm
obvious reasons, the createst sufrirr I 1
trust that you will be able to prevent the !
jc repeal of the law." I
1 J
V E. C. Parish. M. D.. Memphis, Mo , of ,
date October 23. 1902, Bays: I
Alum, according to Tnttr nn riifn
of therapeutics and materia medlca, is an
YOURS FOB THE ASKING
One Month's Medicine Free
A LETTER WILL FETCH IT
Send your name, post office ana eipreu office
address and cents,ln sumps to nay express end
s; win eend you free one month's treatment of
cur celebrated Ooscola Blood end Jlheumatla
Care. If It cures you can sead us JLM; If not.
you Dtti not eend us anything. It Is the but
lremedy thet medical science hs been able to
X put forth. Curee ckh of a lifetime even after
v ell other remedies have failed. Gives quick re
lief end cures permanently rheutnatlra. nea
rside. ecUtice, gout, nervousness, malexle. beck
eche. asthma, constitutional catarrh, kidney
trouble. Brlxbt's disease, diabetes, heart weak
ness, paralysis, creeping Bumbnesa. stiffness of
the Joints, bad blood, ulcerations, ecrofula. deep
eeeted abecewee. dropsy, nervoue headache and
all blood end skin diseases. No remedy ever
produced will eo certainly and enrely cure rheu
matism aa Cascola Blood end Rheumatic Cure.
It makes no difference whether you are rufferlnji
from inflammatory, acute, chronic, nervous, mue
cuUr or eny other form of rheumatltm. or
whether every part of your body la aching and
every Joint Is oat of ehape. Cascola. Blood end
Bbeumatlc Cure will positively tlve Initant re
lief and effect a permani-nt cure. It cleanses !
the sytem of al! Impurities, purtfle. the Wool
and reitoree the patient speedily to health.
TVe also make the celebrated Red Cross Pile
and Fletult Cure, which curee by absorption after
eB others have failed. We. make Be Bros.
Casearln. which cares an liver, kidney, etomach
and bowel troubles .These remedies are on sale
at the leading stores tbroncbout the country, cr
.we will send a free sample treatment prepaid
W mall to any one who will eend to their name
afand address on a postal card. We are making
'Tthls free offer In order to Introduce otr cele
Vmted remedies. The Pile and Pitui r-nm mi
the Caecarln will be sent by mall free. The I
Cascola. being too large for mall, will come by
express. Only thoee Interested need apply for
this treatment. There Is no atrinx tied to this
proposlUoo. It is yours by asking for it, and
-we mean Joat what we say. Bra. Rea Bros.
Co, XV. R. D., atlaneaDOlls, lQna.
astringent, coagulating albumen, stimulat
ing muscular contraction.
"It coagulates pepsin and arrests diges
tion, stops perisiails and usually causes
constipation. If taken Into the stomach
for a length of time It will be injurious.
"Many eminent authorities condemn its
use In food. I have opposed such use of
It for many jears."
D. A. Tarnell. M. D. Versailles. Mo. of
date Augut 2S. 1P02. sajs: "I consider alum.
If taken continuously Into the svstem, very
delcterous It is strongly astringent and will
cause atrophv, and finally almost complete
obliteration of the gastric tubules, with con
sequent anemia and constipation.
"I conskle. it very unhealthful, and It
should be excluded from all articles of
food."
B. E. FInley. M". D.. Charleston. Mo . of
date August 13. 1M2. says: "Alum !n baking
powder is Injurious to health, and the man
ufacture should be prohibited by law."
Doctor II. Bartens. Lexington. Mo . of
date August SO, 19C2. ajs: "Any and every
baking powder containing alum ought to be
rrohlblted by law In this and ever" other
State. Food adulteration In this country is
carried on In a ahamoless way. Alum baking
powder Is poisonous
R. M. Bradbury. M. D. Maryvllle. Mo.,
of date August 30. 1902, savs: "The law ex
cluding alum from all articles of food should
stand and not be repealed. There Is no doubt
that these alum compounds, when incor
porated with food, are injurious."
Elton S. Smith. M. D.. Stockton. Mo., of
date August 29. 1S02. says: 'Tha use of alum
In bak'ng powder or any food product is un
doubtedly injurious to health, and Is so con
sidered by nearly all physicians and chem
ists, especially those who have Investigated
the subject In my opinion, its use In any
article of food should be prohibited."
George 51. Moore, M. D.. Linn Creek, Mo
ot date August 29. 1903, says: "I am opposed
to the use of alum In baking powder for
several reasons. First, the local irritant ef
fect upon the mucous membrane of tho
alimentary canal, stomach and intestines.
Second, it causes constipation and Incident
ill health. Third, literature tells that it will
constrlnge the minute blood vessels. It
should not be used In food products."
J. K. Cantrell. M. D , Alton, Mo., of date
August 29.1902. sajs:
"No burnt alum baking powder should be
on the market. I heartily indorse the pres
ent law from the fact that 1 know- that
alum baking powders are unhealthy. Alum
arrests digestion, stops peristalsis and
causes constipation. It also arrests secre
tions, especially of the mucous surfaces of
the stomach. It is a gastro-intestinal irri
tant and should never be used In prepara
tions of food. I think the present law is a
good protection. It should not be repealed."
W. E. Bell, physician and surgeon of Os
ceola, Mo . of date August 28, 1902. says:
"I am pleased to see jou taking an In
terest In this matter of food adulteration.
"There need be no uncertainty as to alum
in baking powder. When brought in con
tact with the mucous membrane of the
stomach it produces whitening and 'con
striction, thus obstructing the action of the
gastric glands, largely stops the flow of tho
digestive fluids that are necessary In the
digestion and assimilation of food. This is
a very potent cause of the Indigestion and
djspepsla so prevalent In this country. It
is In Its local action, not its constitutional
effect, that alum does great injury.
"It Is to the Interest of our people that
this law be not repealed."
J. A. B. Adcock. M. D.. of Warrensburg,
Mo., member of the State Board of Health,
of date September 18, 1902, says:
"I think the use of alum in baking pow
ders is running a useless risk. ,as a very
small amount of alum taken Into the sys
tem dally would be hurtful to many persons
and the law prohibiting Its use works no
hardship to any consumer, therefore let the
law stand."
C. 8. Austin. A. M., M. D , of Carrollton,
Mo , of date August 30, 19C2, says: "You may
quote me as being opposed to the use of
alum In anything which goes into the stom
ach. "Tls true that In baking powder It
may be Infinitesimal In quantity, yet the
continuous and constant use Is very liable
to produce irreparable structural changes
and Injury."
Doctor John W. Angle, Assistant Physi
cian at Stato Hospital for Insane, Nevada,
Mo., of date August 30. 1902. says: "I am
bakingEowde?1 w'lth a Sn "SSSSSk Is
-.TO S.i.t.rin.,. . ,. k..nh . ,-TTi
fully convinced that the adulteration of
very deleterious to the health and believe
that the law prohibiting the use of alum in
any food product should not be repealed.
"I stand ready to lend my aid to assist
in making the law even stronger than it Is.
"As to the toxic effect of alum, that has
been known to housewives for many years
back, and you will find that old grand
mothers have used it In a mixture of sor
ghum to produce vomiting In cases of croup
In children. It la very weakening, produces
excess of nausea and the reaction of the
vagus nerve readily explains Its irritant
action on the mucous membrane of the
stomach."
J. W. Hendrix, M. D., New "London, Mo ,
of date August 23, 1902, eays:
"1 am forever .against alum In every way
as a food mixture, especially In the making
of bread. It produces inflammation of the
walls of the stomach and bowels, and final
ly, it the use is persisted in, the result will
be death. Let the law stand."
Doctor J. A. McComb. Lebanon, Mo , of
date October 3. 1902. savs:
1 com tnat commercialism is transcend-,
Ins its legitimate nrovince when It. In aar
way. interferes in the problem of pure diet.
It Is ours to suggest and that of commer-
clal people to do the bidding of con"clen-
tlous chemists, phys'ologlsts, hygtenlsts and
phvslcians. If alum be injurious to the
human svstem then no consideration of
cheapness has any place in the problem.
"That It is injurious has been held by
the chemist with his mortar, beaker and
test tube, the phyloglst with his micro
scope, by the physician with his years of
experience in watching cause and effect.
The ten physicians of Lebanon, Mo., are
a unit in saying that alum is not good for
Sse in baking powder, so j ou have ten opln
ins Instead of one."
Doctor L. T. Hall of Potosl, Mo., of date
August 29, 1902, says: "i am. of course,
aware of the deleterious effects of alum
upon the human system and the dangerous
consequences attendant upon its constant
and protracted use, even in small quanti
ties, for Illustration, in our daily food. It
is 'a wise law that protects the public by
prohibiting the manufacture of harmful
ingredients Into food products.
"It is to be hoped that no backward step
will be taken along this line."
O. G. Bragg. M. D. Huntsvllle. Mo. of
date August. 29. 1902. says: "I heartily ap
prove of the bill passed in 189S prohibiting
the use of alum in baking powders.
The phosphate and cream nf tartar bak
ing powders are much more wholesame, and
even if not so cheap, when it comes to tak
ing things into our system the best Is not
too good.
"I em opposed to the repeal of the law
of 1E9S and will do all I can to sustain
same."
Doctor John A. Cnim of Califnrnlt. Mo.,
of date August 28, 1902, says: "Kindly per
mit me to say that I am honestly satisfied
with the law as It now stands for the
halth of the people.
G. W. Stephens, M. D.. Montgomery
City, Mo of date August 2S, 1902, says:
"Alum baking powders have a slow under
mining action on the health of the user,
vitiating the secretions, therehv -smrvint.
oioop. ana tne nerves, leaatng to n long
Sfi ? 5eSl.iUd.7.n2LSHS?
the blood and the nerves, leading to n long
arsenic or other poisons, because they are
used only for a specified time, while bak
ing powders enter dally into use for years
or life. I am anxious the law shall stand."
M. B. Chandler. M. D., West Plains. Ma.
of date, August 28. 1902. sas: "The use of
alum In food should be strictly prohibited
by Jaw and the law should be enforced, aa
alum certainly lays the foundation for most
of our stomach troubles snd It certainly
should be made a penitentiary offense to
Incorporate it in ocr food in any manner.
The law should be enforced, not repealed."
S- E.W.li. V?!- Hi D" Jackson. Mo.
says: "I thick it would be a serious thing
if the law would be repealed, as it has a
much good In it and nothing bad. When I
was a student at the St Louis CollegA of
Pharmacy, in 1S88. I made a series cf tests
for alum In baking powder and its harm-
LAMMERJ FVRNITVUE CO.,
V
Or MARTIN LAMMERT, who originated this company, has been in business for
42 years. He later on associated himself with worthy employes, who had worked
for him in the different departments for many years.
We had our clearing sale the first part of February, and now announce to our
many friends and customers that we
Will Open With ai Entire New Stock
. Entering into our forty-third year of business
ON MONDAY MORNING, MARCH 9th.
0ir Displays Are Most Complete,
And no
Our Facilities Are Unlimited.
We control the output of over three-fourths of the goods made by the best makers in Grand
Rapids and other prominent furniture manufacturing towns, and are the distributers of
same in St Louis and St. Louis territory.
Our Prices Are Not Alone Right, but We Guarantee That They Are
Lower Than You Can Buy Similar Goods For of Any Other House.
fin n.if Fiff h nr ParLW Flnnr yu wUI find an e,eSant ,ine f 2nt and mahogany parlor cabinets, gilt and
VII VUI I II til, Uls rai IUI , I IUUI mahogany tables, alsa an exceptionally good display of uplrlsttry on gilt
and mahogany frames, suitable for the most elegant parlor, music room or library.
fn -f-firjj FeTbf.rth Flnnr we d'sP,ay a m05t complete line of iron beds, dressers, chiffoniers, dressing tables,
Ull LUC rUUI III MUUI chairSt and cjj other g00ds suitable for the hall, bedroom or sitting room.
eft-fr Thsinrl Flnnr representsa most exclusive line of elegant brass and mahogany beds, chiffoniers, dressers,
UUrailirU IIUUI and other pieces for beautifying a home. ! , - -
Oflfr Spmnff Ff nnr rePfesents furniture most suitable for the dining-room, made of solid mahogany, ak
iln (itr FtrCaf- Flnnr wedisP,av principally office furniture. Having had great success in furnishing the most
Ull UUB I II 151 : 1 IUUI eiegant offices last year in this city, among others such as The Mercantile Trust Company,
Waters Pierce Oil Co., Carnegie Steel Co., Colonial Trust Co., Commonwealth Trust Co., etc., we have therefore
made a special effort, AND HAVE ADDED THE CUTLER MAKE OF DESKS, which is the highest grade
of desks made in this country, to. our previous strong line.
Our Samples Are Displayed on Five Floors, 90x150 feet, on the
Corner of Fourth said St Charles Streets
1861
X until you look through our line and see what we can
Q (
60XHHK00KKH0WWOH00KHW
fulness, and wrote my thesis on that sub
ject. "I am a firm believer In pure and whole
some food products, and would cons'der It
a great calamity If the restrictions were
repelled. I sincerely hope that the hill will
stand and not falL"
Ulysses G. Miller, M. D.. of Union, M(J ,
of date August 23, 1902, sajs: "Alum when
used In sufficient quantities and for a suf
ficient length of time is Injurious, there
can be no doubt, and herein lies the danger
In baking powder containing alum. Any
law, therefore, prohibiting Its use for such
purposes Is desirable. Permit me to cay that
you are to be commended for interesting
yourself in .such a laudable purpose as the
prevention of food adulteration, a question
in which we all are vitally interested."
Doctor William- Carson, Shelbyvllle, Mo .
of date August 2S, 1302, says: "The law nf
1838, In regard to pure food. Is a step in
the right direction,- and instead of being re
pealed should hare more stringent amend
ments added, so as to preclude the possi
bility of havlnc any cxcue whatever for
using alum in any form at all, not or.H
in baking" powder, but In bakers' bread or
Eastry, as it is dangerously Injurious to
ealth.
Thomas H. Egbert M. B , of Kennett,
Mo , of date August 28, 1902, says: "Contin
ued use of alum will cause constipation,
lmpotency, loss of procreatlve power and
other serious complaints. It phould not be
ued in baking powder or bread or any food
product."
These letters are. as .said, from Missouri
physicians of education and experience.
Written in the Interest of no baking pow
der trust, but in the Interest of the most sa
cred of all trusts, the health and happiness
of the people of this State, to me, a Stato
officer, sworn to foster and care for the
happiness of the -people-
They are only a fmall number of the en
tire number, and such testimony is what
has given me that "alum diBtaste," not
alnm taste, which we have heard about.
I would hang my head In shame and re
sign my office before I would cast a vot
giving- to a Job lot of public poisoners for
profit the right to continue to curse and
afflict the people of this State with their
fraudulent, deceptive, lying, poisonous
preparations.
I again repeat that the man who know
ingly and wilfully puts upon the market
poisonous and harmful food preparations is
away from home every day that he Is out
side the walls of the Penitentiary.
PROUD OF ACT.
When the bill to label baking powders
came up as a substitute to the repeal bill
I cast the deciding vote in its favor, not
only to prevent the entire repeal of the
measure, which was Imminent and which
would have been a great public calamity,
but, in order that the people should know
what they were putting into their stom
achs, and I am prouder of if than of any
sct that I have hcrctoforo done In public
office. -, '
The Senate to-day 'passed Senate bll 221.
Introduced by Senator Mclndoe. which, in
my opinion, is a most excellent measure,
and which will prohibit the use of alum in
house in America or
We extend to you herewith
baking powder and other harmful and ras
cally adulterations and admixtures. I have
the utmot respect and esteem for the gen
tlemen of the Legislature and the Senate
who voted for the repeal bill. It Is their
right to cast their vote as they choose,
and not my right to question their honesty
or sincerity of purpose.
I look upon their action as the result of
misinformation, and as a surrender tto a
false political hue and cry raised by a lot
of Republican alum baking powder manu
facturers and poisoners of Chicago and the
East, who hae for years regarded Mis
souri as the dumping ground for their in
famous comDOunds. It Is the old cry of
I "stop thief" made by thieves, and does not
ueceive me.
The reputable and respectable manufac
turers of Missouri have long since discon
tinued making alum baking powder, and
no such concern is now engaged in It In the
State.
POMTICAI. SIDE.
Let's consider the political s'de of the
question. These alumltes are all Repub
licans; there is not a Democrat in their
ranks. They say that they are, but they
do not tell the truth. They have for years
fought me politically because I, In my
trade papers, have denounced them as an
Infamous gang of public poisoners for
profit.
They fought me for nomination, and the
people rallied to my support and stampeded
the convention for me against six able op
ponents. They fought me for election after nomi
nation, and the people of Missouri sus
tains me by giving me SSJ more votes than
they gave William J. Bo an for President.
They sent committees around to my ad
vertisers and acents to my subscribers to
my paper to induce them to desert me. be
cause I dared to expose and oppose their
schemes for destroying the public health
end my subscr'ptlon list has doubled and
my business Increased.
Why should Democrats fear the howling
f a lot of such rascals.
When I stated that I would organize the
Senate thl3 time, to the best of my ability.
In the interest of the people. I made aa
honest effort to do so. and feel that I have
been fairly successful. I formed no combi
nation nor did I enter any combination giv
ing it a right to dictate my conscientious
opinion or control my vote.
My conscience Is uiv own and my convic
tions are my own. I will vote with thoso
whom I placed In positions of Importance
In the organization of the Senate as long
as I think they are right, but no longer. A
majority of a committee of my own ap
pointment recommended the substitute to
the alum repeal bill. I knew nothing of
their report until It came up. I asked the
Secretary of the Senate, before voting, if
there was a minority report and thero was
none.
It was the report of a committee which
all through the session has been honest and
true to every trust, and I voted to sus
tain its report and am proud of the vote,
I beg to assure the general public and
the physicians especially of Missouri, who
have Informed me of their views and ad
vUcd me that despite abuse, 'misrepresen
tation and lies, I have been faithful tq my
trust and to the preservation of the pnhl c
health, and that If any law which permlu
THIS SHOWS THAT
any other country has
a cordial invitation not
the use of alum In food product passes this
Assembly. It will provide under heavy pn
alty that the article shall be labeled "alum,"
so that the people will know the risk they
are taking in eating It.
I bellex-e that the Senators and members
of the House of Representatives, who do
not believe as I do. have been honest and
sincere, and regret that In thl3 matter I can
not agree with them. The people send us
here and elect us to represent them ac
cording to our judgment, I concede that
privilege to alt and surrender It to none.
JOHN A. LEE.
TOBACCO WAR ON IN NEW YORK.
Eatc Cutting Is Taken Seriously
in High-Price Stores.
RETUBMC SPECIAL.
New York, March 7. Those who puff E0
cent cigars may get them now for 46 cents,
and a quarter cigar may be had for 19 cents
if time is taken to pick out the right cigar
store. Elsewhere the price cf both domes
tic and Havana made cigars are selling at
the same price as before the "cut-rate war'
began, and dealers all over town say that
no change will be made.
As 'the cut-rate war has neither reduced
the price of the 10 or S cents cigars, or. in
fact, of any kinds of tobacco, but little at
tention is paid by the bulk of dealers .o
this "merry war."
In the more gorgeously appointed. estab
lishments the rate cutting Is. however,
taken, more seriously, and dealers of ex
perience predict that tho net result' will be
the driving out of the markt of.-the very
brands of Havana cigars that 'have been
reduced In price, by new brands that will
come from Cuba.
It peeroa the opinion of many dealers
that the tobacco business Is at present in a
sttpendou muddle, and one of them ex
plained: "It was begun by the establish
ment of the shops of the United Cigar
Stores Company, whiclr.was followed by a
loud protest from all the Independent deal
ers that they were being driven out of busi
ness by the Tobacco Trust, and that there
was not the slightest doubt tq their minds
that these banded cigar stores were simply
an Instrument devised by the trust as a
crushing process.
"Then came the Acker. Mcrrall & CondU
announcement of a cut, apparently in defi
ance of the machinations of the banded
stores, though many retail dialers pro
fessed to doubt Its genuineness."
Harry J. Luce, who Is now the head of
Acker, Merrall & Condlt, said that the To
bacco Trust had not. nor has It ever had,
any Interest In the firm. "The reason 'or
our cutting prices," raid he, "was to enter
competition with the United Cigar ,Storts
Company. We could not sit by and see
other dealers tradlnsr on our capital. We
merely came down to the prices at which
retailers were selling the cigars we made.
Meanwhile, the war goes on merrily, to
the amusement of the people who are con
tented to smoke 5 and 10 cent cigars.
THE
displayed such an elegant liner""
to buy or place orders
do for you.
SMALL BOYS BESIEGE
TREASURY OFFICIALS
Story That Premium Is Paid for
Pennies of 1602 Brings Swarms
of Applicants.
BELIEVE COINS CONTAIN GOLD.
Clerks Kept Busy Answering Ques
tions and Explaining That the
Coppers Are Worth Only
One Cent Each.
REPUBLIC SPECIAL.
Washington, March 7. Hundreds of men
and women besieged the cashroom In the
BABY'S
ae fas ssav en Bek iuuu(ju ouu a9iiauuua ui uic uiuujci
llHIAP bending over the cradle. The ordeal through'
I HI l which the expectant mother mustpasshoV-
J B II IJ ever, is so full of danger and suffering that
she looks forward to the hour when she shall
feel the exquisite thrilj of motherhood with indescribable dread and
fear.
Every woman should know that the danger, pain and horror
lild-birth can be entirely avoided by the use of Mother's Friend,
ofchild-1
a scientific liniment for external
pliable all tne parts, and
assists nature in its sublime
work. By its aid thousands
of women have passed this
great crisis in perfect safety
and without pain. Sold at fr.oo per
bottle by druggists. Our book of priceless
value to all women sent free. Aafdress
, -r
1903
anywhere
X
0
Treasury Department to-day, all seeking
to have pennies of 1902 redeemed at 10
cents each.
A statement has been published that Un
cle Sam is willing to pay 10 cents for every
1902 copper presented for redemption. It is
claimed the gold and copper were mixed in
some mysterious way In the mint and the
pinnies contain a large percentage of the
precious metaL
The Treasury officials laughed at the. first
applicant, but the affair has assumed a se
rious aspect and Is rapidly becoming a sore
subject with them.
Not only have there been hundreds of vis
itors carrying handfuls of pennies, but let
ters are coming in from all parts of tha
country.
"It looks as though we would have to
print an answer denjlog such a manifestly
absurd statement," said one official, "or
detail a special clerk to answer these let
ters." '
One woman appeared at the redemption
window yesterday with a purse full of 1902
pennies.
"Please give 11.50 for each of these," she
said calmly.
"What?" asked the clerk.
"They are 19C2 coins," she said. In a
woman s last-word tone.
"Madame, I will sell you GOO 1902 pennies
for a 5 bill." said the clerk. c
"Oh!" she gasped.
Another man Insisted that he be paid 11
cents each for his pennies. Small boys have
apparently collected most of the 1902 pen
nies In the city and are haunting the
Treasury.
That any gold could be mixed In the pen
nies is an impossibility, the officials declare.
t
It the joy.of the household, for withoot
it no happiness can be complete. How
sweet the picture of mother and babe,
angels smile at and commend the
el,...l.e. ....J - - -j ..f m.& m a.i.a
lal use only, which toughens and renders
MOTHER'S
use only, which toughens and renders
FRIEND
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