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title: 'The St. Louis Republic. (St. Louis, Mo.) 1888-1919, March 09, 1903, Page 3, Image 3',
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Nothing is snore difficult to Keep
clean and sweet than a nursing
bottle. Yet if it is not thoroughly
cleaned, the particles of tnilK
adhering to it become rancid and
affect the health of the infant.
JNo trouble will arise from this
cause, if, after using the bottle,
it is first rinsed in cold water,
then filled with warm Ivory
Soap suds and let stand for half
an hour, and then well rinsed.
994fo. Per Cent. Pure.
WANT BIBLE READ
IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Bill Is Tending in the Illinois
Lcpslatnic Providing for
STRONG OPPOSITION DEVELOPS
"American Pccular Union" .Comes
Out With a Circular Denoun
cing Proposed "Union of
Church and State'
Br A STAFP CORRBSTONDENT
" Springfield. III.. March S. "Religion., mo
rality and knowledge being necessary to the
pood government and happiness of mankind.
FchooN and the menn'! of education shall
forever ho encouraged." Article 111. Char
ter of the Great Northwest, granted in 1TST.
Thl". and other portions of the old Char
terthe "Charter of Liberty." as It is some
times called Is the basis for the argument
that the Government's title to the vast
Notthwct Territory, Is dependent upon a
condition that religion, morality and know
Icdgo be taught and encouraged forever.
In line Tilth this theory, a bill has been
Introduced in the Illinois Legislature re
quiring the Bible to be read aloud in all the
schools at least three minutes each day.
And the Mil has roued a storm of protest
from i-evcral quarters. o mucti so that the
Assembly may lx the center of an acrid re
llsicus controversy. The sum and subject
of tho Kttuation Is that orthodoxy wishes to
edeem what is termed the "youth of a de-
I Years ago the Bible was read in the public
rchools of Chlcaco. A cry was raised, the
.logic of which was that the sphere of the
V-hool should be utterly removed from that
.of the church. Accordingly the practice
Jrraed. ion- the Chicago- Woman's Educa
tional Union, believing that respect for the
Bible ns an inspired book is decreasing year
by esr, urges th-it it be restored to Its for
mer place ns, speaking broadly, a text-book.
The union prepared the bill, forwarded It
to Senator Humphrey, and It Is now on the
CLASSES OF. OPPOSITION'.
Several clisseo of citizens are opposed to
the plan, most of them on the ground that
sectarian divisions will not permit of con
fusing a religious and a general education.
Ono group, disciples apparently of Ingersoll.
have come out with a propaganda denoun
cing the new- measure, using all the power ot
derision and Invective. This element, organ
lied, calls Itself "The American Secular
This union's literature has been mailed to
every member of the Legislature, and the
receipt of It has caused no end of a sensa
tion. For instance, inclosed In a bundle of
paperr. was a slip in the form of a hand
bill, addressed "To the Members of the Illi
nois Legislature." It contains a portion of
the .eighteenth psalm, which Is included
among the portions of the Bible which the
Woman's Educational Union Bible suggesen
ns suitable for public school reading. The
psalm Is familiar:
In mr dlrtrees I called upon the Lord,
Anu crie4 unto mi od:
lie heart! mi voice out of his temple
And ray cry carae before him. even unto his ear.
The earth ehook and trembled:
Done Palms, Stclilnff, Scabby Skin Dfa-
cnneM, Snrelllngra Carbuncles,
Permanently cured ty taking ttotanle Elood
BJm. It-dMtrojB the actle Polron ln,te blood
If you hive acbca and pains In bones, back and
Joints. Itehlnjr. Scabby hkln. Blood feels hot or
thin. Swollen Glands, Hiinc and Bumps n the
SWn. MuCous Patches In Mouth. Sore Throat.
Pimples or oftenrlie eruptiom, Coprer-Colonti
Spots or rash on fakln. all run down or nervous.
tHrers on any part of the body. Hair or Kye
brown falllns out. Carbuncles or Boll. Swvlllnc
In ths Neck, t,ke
TJotautc Blood Dalm. Guaranteed
to cure even the worst and most deep-seated
care where doctors, patent medicines and hot
rprlnxs fait Heals all sores, stops all ache and
pains, reduces all swellln. makes blood nura
and rich, completely changlm: the- entire bodv
Into a clean, healthy condition. BBB. has cured
thousands of caves of Blood Folion en after
th- tlsea! has reached tne last tape
Old Tlhenmatlnm, Cntarrh, n cite ma.
are caused by an aitful PoLioned condition of the
Ulnod. nnji stop lianklne and Spitting, itch
Icc and Scratching, JVchrs and Peine, cures
"Uheumatlm, Catarrh r heal all Scabs. Scales,
fc rnrtlons. Watery Blister, foul. fepters Sore
of Eczema, nv iclvlnc a pure, healthy blood sup
pi r to affected narts.
Botanic Blood Balm Cures Cancer- all Kind.
(Suppurating ne'ling. HaUnc Sore. Tumors.
tieir Ulcers. It kills the Cancer Poison and heal
the sores or orst cancr perfectly. If vou haTt
a. persistent Pimple, Wart. ffwelUnirs 5hootlnr.
Ftlnfilnsr Pains, take Blood Balm and they will
Mappar befo-e they develop into Cancer. Many
apnarentlr hopelei csn of cancer cured by
taking Fntsnl- ttlrwl Balm
OD It OUAUANTBE.
ny m. iarre iMiiue rr SI. or SUIT
drz-Ut, take as directed. iBotaalc
Blood Jlalm tn.H.11.) .always care
when ttie right qaanttty U utkea.
jT not rured your money will
p jr w i
Botanic Olood Balm (B.B.B.) Is
rleaeant anI 9f- to ake. Thorousblr tested for
o yeara. Coaiposed of rure Botanic tngrtilltnt!'.
Strenithens weak kldneyj and weak jtomach",
cores dyspepsia. Complete dlrectlona go with
Sold In St. Loula by Lindelt Drntr
torr, Olh and AVnshlnictnn are. Call
or write. Blond Balm sent lir eipren.
11 SO & 1123 OMYE ST.
(I cave oar at ISth nt.)
The foundation aliin of the blllp moeJ
nd were saken because he wa ti-roth
There went up a smoke out of liW nostril.
And fite cut of hie mouth deourcd
Coals were klrdled bv It
This and more of the Old Testament
poetrv 1 r. printed "ana after It comment
I'v the Secular I'nlon The question I
'"Can ? thoiiRhtful man be found who
wishes hl children to muddle their brains
and waste their time reading or litenint; to
this unmeaning balderdash, and Rltm then
under the false pretense of moral educa
tion"" Si:CT.HIAN COJISIENT PROHIBITED.
The bl ncu'd prohibit sectarian com
ment on reaaings. The endeavor would 'e
to aold mingling in any taint of sectari
anism, though It Is argued that herein lies
A Secular I'nlon pamphlet compare-" the
arguments offered by the Woman's Union
with a free-thought thesis.
Tl Is a political maxim,' sav the defend
ers of the Bible In this connection, "that
the welftre of a Republic Is dependent upon
the Irtue nnd Intelligence of Its citizen"
Intelligence without virtue Is n positie eil.
It Is true especially in large cities, that
manj public school children have no re
ligious Instruction at home No church or
sect can go out Into the highwajs and b-w-ays
and force children into the Sabbath
school or house of worship: hence It Is the
duty of the public school to Impart them
that Instruction without which the v are be
coming an army of adepts In lce jnd -.11-lalny.
against whom the lrtuous hae no
"The State must" teach the existence ot
Delt (een our currencj proclaims 'In Gnd
AVe Trust).' and equal rights of citizens, in
order to keep society in poise while
churches and other agents operate for tho
eternal Interests of Its members. The Gov
ernment ownership of tho Northwest U
conditioned upon the Inculcation of religion
and moraim. as well as knowledge in the
REPLY TO CHARTER.
The replv also goes Into this charter of
the Northwest. It quotes from article l.
which rfads: 'There shall neither be sla
erj ncr inoluntary sen. Itude In said ter
ritory." Here." says the Secular Union.
"Uie charter conflicts with the Bible, con
tradicting one of the laws promulgated
from Mount Sinai, namely, that slavery
nirther. It l stated that the notion that
a failure to teach religion would cloud the
title to lands Is absurd; that the Northwest
Territory was convejed to the United States
in 1784 bv the State of Virginia, three jcars
oeiore tne charter or i47.
Then follows a deep plunge Into atheisti
cal pros and cons. Many references to Bib
lical pronouncements are made, with free
comment upon their alleged illogical or ab
surd nature. Of this, the following will
sere as a sample:
"These women say thev onlv want por
tions of the Bible read In the public schools;
but that does not remove the objections
We want our children to look up to us. and
not to a mthlcal father In a place wher
tho Bible sas Michael and the Dragon
fought. (Rev. xvil. 7). We do not want and
will not hao our children taught to beg
their dallv bread We want them taught
to earn It. We do not want them to ask
for their debts to be forgiven; but we want
them taught. If they contract any, to pay
them off In an honest and a manly wav."
As to the effect of such a dlitribe upon
the fate of the bill It Is hard to answer,
probably It will help the advocates of the
proposed law. The likelihood Is. however,
that the legislature will adhere to the prin
ciple of separating the secular from the
religious, and defeat tho measure.
Official Forecast Announced for
To-Day and To-Morrow.
day and Tuesday:
111 nols Fair Mondaj : wanner In northeast
r2fJ,l?n- Tuesday, rain, fresn northeast winds,
shifting to southeast.
Ion a and Missouri Fair Monday. Tuesdaj.
Nebraska Rain In west, fair In east portion.
Monday. Tuesda, fair-, colder.
Kansas Fair Monaaj. Tuesday, rain and
Eastern Texas Monday, wanner In interior.
Tuesday, rain, except fair In northwest portion:
fresh southeast winds
Arkansas Fair Monday, except rain in west
portion. Tuesday, rain.
Oklahoma ana Indian Territory Fair Monday.
Tuesday rain. '
We-tern Texas Rain Monday. Tuesdaj. fair
St. I-ouls. jio. March 8. 1MB.
, ,., j S am. 6 ii pm.
Thermometer, degrees 39 5,
RelatHe humidity I...... I ,5
Direction ot wind ..-. V V?E
Velocity ot wind .14 1
Weather at 6.59 a m. clear:" at t:o9 p m".
clear. Maximum temperature 51. minimum tem
perature, 39 ltler, ?.2 feet.
D. J. HERN'DOX,
Temporarilj in Charxe.
Department of Agriculture. Weather Bureau
Meteorological cb6eratlons receded at M. Louis
March . lxa. at 6 V p m. local time and s
p. m. sent-nfth meridian time. Observations
made at the same moment of time at all stations:
nations. Dlr.Tp Mx Main rather.
Abilene B r6 a .... Clear
Amarlllo SE So 52 Cear
Atlanta s (I t cloudy
Bismarck s (I .V) .... cicudv
Ilunalo NB JI S M Cloudy
Charlotte m til .ul Cloudy
Chatunooga s -.2 .OS cloudy
Cincinnati N- 6 .2 Cioudy
tMeveland X 35 ZH .tl Itiln
Chicago nb 31 ;t .... clear
Columbus N M .21 C.ondy
Cairo X ;i ; Bir
Calisarj X 2 2 .20 Fair
Cheyenne V 3X l Fair
Duluth NB 32 311 Clear
Dubuque 13 n 4S .... Clear
Davenport NB 11 4S .... Clear
Ies Moines SK 41 6.' .... Fair
Denver X 40 to .... Fair
Dodge Clt .SB U ." .... Clear
Fort Smith H IS 61 .... Fair
Oahecn xn C2 r.-. .t2 Cloudy
Orand Haven 31 42 .... Clear
5rard Junction SV 42 4; .... cioudy
Huron SB 40 4i .... I'air
Havre XB i0 34 .... clojdy
Helena tv 44 wicw
Indianapolis X 10 61 .04 c:ear
Jacks.nllle SB 70 M .... Clear
Kansae CltJ SE3 JO SI .... Clear
Little Rock XB 60 62 .... Cloudv
Louisville X SO &( .02 Cloudy
Lander S 40 ( .... Fair
Montgomery X SS at .... Cloudy
Memphis X l es .... cloudy
Marquette B 30 2 .... Clear
Modena W 4J 42 Fair
New York R M IS .38 Rain
Norfolk S 6t 74 .114 Fair
Xe Orleans ; Cfi 74 .46 Cloudr
Nashville X 2 ts ,1s Cloudy
Xorth Ilatte SB 38 41 .... Clear
Omaha SB 46 S3 .... Clear
Oklahoma - SB K sx .... clear
Philadelphia 8 58 61 .H Rain
Palestine , XB S4 M .... Fair
Pittsburg N75 62 f2 .36 Cloudy
Parkersburg N 52 fi .OS Cloudy
Putblo R 51 S .... Clouly
QAppelle B 1 M .... Cloudy .
Rapid City 9 5S .... Cear
St. Paul SB 40 4t .... clear
Shraveport NB V) 62 .... Cloudv-
Kprlngtleld, 111 NB 46 50 .... Clear
SL Lonls 1 XB D2 M .... Clear
Fprlncflrld, Mo. n K M .... Clear
Fait Lake S 3t 42 " Snow
Santa Fe S 44 48 .... Cloudy
Kin Antonio E m Cloudy
vicktburg ,.N ns M .08 Coudy
Valentlne ...1 S 42 4 .... fear
Washington .., S St 60 .14 Cloudy
Wichita SB 45 S6 .... Clear
D. x HEnxnoN.
Temporarily in d-arge.
ProfCMor Von Ilolat Dxtna-.
Berlin, March S. According to a dispatch
published here from Frelburic. Baden, Pro
fessor Hermann Eduard von Boist. head
professor of history at the University of
Chicago, Is djiCK.
THE REPUBLIC: MONDAY. MftKCH 9; 1903.
ONLY THROUGH MICHEL'S PASS
CAN ROADS ENTER POPE COUNTY.
Illinois .Central and Wabash Companies in Lejial Battle for Kigbt
of Way Cher Xarrow Road Leading Rom Town of
m ' " " ' '.- --- s ' 4
nGjVaC' V VSj?r " !X1' SuSaaSaBaalallalalalZllsa&
Claimed to bo only possible rallwny entrance Into Tope County, Illinois.
Farmers and promoters at Schmidt's Station discussing the oil boom.
Goiconda. Ill, March S Onlv throush
Michel's Pass can n railroad enter the
rich nilner.il fields of Pope County, Illi
nois. Alone the Ohio River hills rise sheer from
the bank', prohibiting entrance into the
prosperous llttlo county except at enor
On the cast and western sides difficulties
have to be encountered In the vvaj of cn
CincerinB that vwiuld render road building
Into the fields a questionthle investment.
The same conditions eist to a certain ex
tent in the no'thern pirt of the countv.
Michel's Pas.s Is situated on the farm of
Jacob Michel nnd Is nearly a mile east of
the town of Goiconda. which is surrounded
on everyMde by mineral fields, partlculiriy
in the east.
The pass has been recognized as a pass
since the memory of man runneth not to
the contrary, but as little else.
Now, however, it Ins attained tho emi
nence of tho cause animus between two
Rrcat railroad eorporitlons. who arc fisH
inp for the risht of wn through a mile of
rock road, bounded on onp side b a brawl
OPPOSED ANY CONCESSIONS
TO THE ILLINOIS OPERATORS.
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Secretary of the United
BANDITS START FOR
Sheriff Urucli Expects to Anive inj
St. Louis With Collins and Ru
dolph To-Morrow Evening.
Hartford. Conn , March 8. Sheriff Bruch
and his party will start back to Missouri
to-morrow morning with Collins and Ru
dolph, the Union bank robbers. All ar
rangements for the trip have been com
pleted. At 9 o'clock In the morning the pt!onerj
will be arraigned in Police Court to face
the charges which were placed against
them to hold them here for the Missouri
officers. The Prosecuting Attorney will en
ter a nolle prosequi in each of these cases
and tne officers will be free to return.
This will be merely a formal procedure. It
never having been the intention to prose
cute the men under any of the laws of Con
necticut. The men will not be under arrest while
In the courtroom, as that is against the
law, but the officers will guard the court
room on all sides and will arrest the ban
dits as soon as they leave. They then will
be taken back to the city jail and held un
ing stream and on tho other bj
The Illinois Central Is one of the claim
ants of the right of was. and has the ad
vantage at having tracks on the ground.
The Wabash is the other claimant, and Is
trjlng to oust the Illinois Central and
threatening to tunnel Rachfuss Hill,
through which the pass runs. If It does net
gain its point.
In 1901 the Illinois Central was granted
right of way through Michel's Pass by the
city of Goiconda on condition that trains
would be running by 1903. This, It is
claimed, the road did not do.
Learning of the traffic possibilities of
Pope County, another road, owned b the
Toledo. St Louis and New Orleans Com
piny built a line -outh from Effingham.
Ill . to the edge of Pope County; front there
It veered a little to the east, and on tnn
grounds that the Illinois Central had not
fulfilled Its contract prepared to build
through Michel's Pass.
The Illinois Central officials brought
gangs of men, and by working them day
and night succeeded in getting a double
track laid through the paps.
The matter was then brought to coart en
an injunction gotten out by the Wabash,
which is interested in the line, on the
grounds that the Illinois Central had for
telted its right of way. Tilo case Is , off
Mine Workers of Illinois.
til time to board the train which leaves
here at I1:3j for Springfield, whero they
make clorc connections with the 1:40
"Southwestern Limited," In which they will
have a reserved apartment In a Pullman.
There will then be no chtnge until they ar
rive In St. Louis at CIO o'clock Tuesday
Detective Dougherty has telegraphed the
St. Louis Police Department requesting
Chief Kiely to have a squad of policemen s.t
the Union Station to meet the train and
assist in getting the men safely to the Tour
Couttr, where they will he held temporarily.
Collins and Rudolph will be shackled to
gether, and If thought advisable they will
be chained to the cur seat. Tt-e Idea of In
terference en route Is still scouted by the
detectives, but It has been learned that
Rudolph places his last hope on some such
scheme, and the officers will be prepared
for any emergcrcy.
Rudolph has liecn Informed that his trial
will not take place before the July term of
the Franklin County Court, and In this he
again sees a faint ray of hope.
What you want Is STYLE In your clothes.
That's what you get In our?. Harlan Bros.,
Tailors, Sixth and at. Charles streets.
Ilnrncil to Death In Alaska.
Seattle. Wash.. March 8 A special to the
Post-Intelligencer from Dawson savs:
"Five people were burned to death In the
Aurora Hoadhous; on Hunker Creek at 2
o'clock Thursday morning. Charges P.rn
sle, who owned the house, his wife and two
children, and Thomas Balrd. wno was In
charge ot one of tho Government road
houses, were burned to a crisp. Neighbors
who saw the burning building wer? unsbl;
to enter on account of the smoW The
Bernsie family came from Portland, Ore.
Balrd was from Ontario.
JHHsgssr gssfe ,g5sga
HALE FORCED ACCEPTANCE
OF INFERIOR BATTLESHIPS.
ot Pleased With Secretary Moody's Coure in Consulting the House
Almost Exclusively and ileld Out for Two 12.0C0-Tou Vessels
in Face of Construction Board's Opinion Influences at
.Work Behind the Fight for a More Eftective avy.
The Republic IJureau.
11th Ft and Fennslvanla Ave.
Washington. March S During tho closing
days of the last Congress there was fought
out a question of great importance to the
United States in the construction of war
vessels On the surface It appears to be
hut a difference of views between legis
lators as to the size of battleships which
they thought would be the most effective:
but behind It Is the story of somewh it un
usual Interest, especially In connection with
the tactics employed by both sides to at
tain their several ends.
The original provision In the navnl ap
propriation bill, as reported by the House
committee and passed by the House, pro
vided for three first-class battleships of
1S.0CO tons and one armored cruiser of H.
5W tons. This provision received the sup
port of all the officers of the navy, includ
ing the secretary of the Board of Construc
tion. It so happened, however, that as the ap
propriation bill was first to be considered
by the House under the Constitution. Secre
tary Moodv consulted largely If not en
tirely with the members of the House In
regard to the building programme for this
and other years. i
Senator Hf!e. who ha been the head of
the Senate Naval Committee for many
years. Is reported to have been more or less
piqued by the tactics pursued by Secretary
Moody, and was not prepared to acquiesce
in the programme recommended by him.
Another reason is given for his attitude.
The bill provided for WOO-ton ship, for
the construction of which there are but a
comparatively small number of shipards
which possess the necessary facilities. In
Maine there is a shipyard which ca build
vessels up to 13.000 tons, and which Is at
present attempting to construct much
larger vesej. the work on which, however.
It is said Is not progressing to the complete
satisfaction of the Navy Department and
But Senator Hale determined that 12,000
ton ships fhould be constructed, and when
the appropriation bill reached the Senate
he secured the adoption of an amendment
for four vessels of this character and two
armored cruisers of 8.BC0 tons each. Instead
of the ships provided for In the House bill.
Thn the Senate and the House locked
horns, and a fight of the most stubborn
character was Inaugurated. For years all
modern navies have Increased In slxe the
armor and armament of Its vessels as each
succeeding type Is evolved. The United
States reached Its highest point when the
Connecticut class was designed, so that the
Oregon and ships of her class are now con
sidered second-class battleships. England
has gone a step further, and proposes to
build ships of 18,000 ton") displacement. Con
sequently, when Senator Hale proposed to
return to battleships ot the 11,000-ton class
the officer ot the navy thought this a step
LARGER SHIPS REQUIRED.
Another very Important consideration Is
that whereas a 16,000-ton battleship Is rela
tively much more effective than a 12.000-ton
ship. It requires as many officers to man
the smaller -vessel as to equip the larger
one. and almost as many men for its crew,
so that the cost of maintaining the smaller
and less efficient vessel Is practically the
same as that of keeping the larger one In
With the United States Navy as short of
UNION BANK ROBBERS ARE
PRISONERS IN THIS BUILDING.
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Police building at Hartford, Conn., where Rudolph and Collins arc confined.
Tobias Hobson was the first man in England who let out
When anyone wished to hire a horse, he was obliged to
take the one standing nearest the stable door he had no
selection. Hence the old proverb, so familiar now, was born:
"To elect there is but one
Tis Hobson's choice take that or none."
Before the introduction of Uneeda Biscuit buying
soda crackers in'a paper bag, was like hiring Hobson's horses
there was no choice. In kind and quality there was but
one take that or else take none. Whether stale, soggy, dirty
or old 'twas ever the same "Hobson's Choice."
Uneeda Biscuit in In-er-seal Packages have revolu
tionized this old method and set an example that has received
the stamp, of public approval, as the sale of over 200,000,000
5 cent packages attest.
The In-er-seal Package insures their quality, cleanliness
and crispness,"because it is airtight, moisture proof, dust
proof and germ proof.
officers and men as it Is to-day, and the
great efforts made to Increase the number
of officers and men. the possibility of hav
ing to man several additional Aessels in
order to secure the same fighting strength
as contemplated was regarded by officers
of the navy with grave apprehension.
In the closing of Congress, the House
called before It the members of the Board
of Construction to secure their testimony
as to the relative efficiency of 12,000-ton
lessels and lS.000-ton vesssls. Tho
testimony ot these officers of long
experience and training, and charged
with the grave responsibilities of their high
office. m conclusive that Senator Hale
could not but recede from his position. He
succeeded, however. In securing a com
promise for two 12,000-ton ships, instead of,
the one armored cruiser, originally prc
vlded for In the House bill.
In the heating before the House Com
mittee. Rear Admiral O'Neill, president of
the Board of Construction, presented a
memorandum from the Board of Construc
tion on the subject of the fclze of ships In
which the question of seaworthiness, dis
placement, draft, speed, armor and arma
ment, and coal supply were treatea. Intro
ducing It with views of htfl own.
Admiral O'Neill stated that the Oregon
class of 10.250 tons trial dlsplac-ment were
designed in 1S90, followed by the Iowa of
11363 tons displacement In 1S32. the Kear
sarge of 11.5& tons In 1895, the Maine of
12,500 tone displacement In 1S3S, the New
Jersey of 13.000 In 190, and the Louisana ot
1P.00O tons in 1P02. Some Idea of the formid
able character of the vessels of the Louisi
ana class mav be formed, when it is noted
that their displacement will be considerably
more than half again that of the Oregon,
which the people of the United States are
accustomed to regard as a pretty good ship.
"To go back to .the Oregon class." he said,
"would be about like giving up electric for
hcrse cars." What Is necessary in a battle
ship i concisely stated by him as follows:
"The llrst aualitv in a battleshlD Is sea
worthiness, without which she cannot keep
the sea or use her guns In rough weather.
If our battleships are to be effective, thev
must first of all have good seagoing quali
ties and carry large supplies ot ammuni
tion, provisions and coal "In order to engage
any adversary trat they may encounter,
they must have powerful batteries, be well
protected by armor and have a gocd sea
speed. These elements are all represented
by weight, and the capacity of the vessel to
carry weight In a hull which shill be
stanch, strong and well designed deter
mines to a large extent the value of the
ship for naval purposes. Large displace
ments mean great powers of offense and
defense and great erdurance, if the design
Is well worked out, whereas small displace
ment means the contrary."
He further noted that the total cost of
the Oregon, 10 250 tons displacement, was
6,575,032. while the 16.000-ton battleship will
cost J7,500.CO0 a difference of only 1924,952 for
a Ship 6,000 tons heavier.
The Board of Construction, In a prepared
statement, designates the proposition to re
turn to 12,0C0-ton battleships as an "unwar
It is pointed out that to prepare new de
signs for 12,000-ton ships would take at least
a ear and cause a delay ot this period in
the construction of the vessel. They would
have the armor and armament of an ar
mored cruiser instead of those of first-class
battleships, but they would have speed only
of the battleships, so that they would In a
measure hjdrld with the worst and not the
best qualities of the two contributing classes.
The board evidently looks forward to the
construction of even heavier ships, for It
says: "In our 16,000-ton battleships we are
still far from the size where Increase of dis
placement does not result In corresponding
Increase In power."
Made under our own personal supervi
sion and at our own factory.
11SO A 1122 OUVB ST.
(Loa-re ear at 12th. at.)
THE HOME FAVORITE.
11SO . 1122 OLIVE ST.
(LesTe car at 12th at.)
ARRANGE STATE ENCAMPMENT.
Texas Army of Elks Will Convene
at Waco June 29.
Dallas, Tex., March 8. The Texas Benev
olent and Protective Army of Elks, organ
ized at the recent State convention of the
Order "of 'E3ks In Dallas, has arranged a
in - m 0
0 Li 9 - 9 1
GENERAL W. H. PATTERSON.
Of Dallas. Commander in Chief of the Be
nevolent and Protective Army of Elks of
grand State meeting or encampment, to he
opened In Waco June 29.
The army, less than thirty days old. has
grown. It Is claimed, faster than any or
ganization of any character ever estab
lished In Texas. Waco Is making elaborate
preparations for the June meeting:.
General W. H. Patterson of Dallas, commander-in-chief,
has appointed n commit
tee In this city to act in conjunction with
the Waco committees.
Woolen Mills Unrnetl.
Des Moines, la.. March 8. The Capital
City Woolen Mills were destroyed by fire
to-day. The loss is $60,000. covered by In
surance. One hundred employes will be
thrown out of work..
A COFFEE DRUNK
'Held on to the tree.
Some people go on using coffee for a great
many years without showing much effect
of the drug, but as a rule It Is slowly do
ing its 111 work, and the time -will come
when stomach or nerve disease of some
kind will show itself.
An interesting care Is that of a man who
drank coffee for a great many years before
he felt the effect ot it. He says further:
"Finally my health began to give way, and
I first noticed being dizzy-headed and I be
gan to have spells of heart trouble, rapid
palpitation of the heart, and dizzy, sick
feelings like I was going to die.
"My appetite began to fall and I had a
sore, distressful pain In my side. I noticed
my memory was not as good as it had
been and that worried me some.
"One day I stepped cut of my shop to
wait on a lady, when all at once I became
blind and staggered along Mite a drunken
man until I ran against one of the shade
trees, which I grasped or I would have
fallen. Cold sweat stood out on me and T
sunk down on the ground, and It was a, long
lime ueiore x recoverea myseji.
"The family doctor, who was called In.
advised me to quit coffee and try Pcstum
Food Coffee. I thought It would he a big ,
undertaking to quit coffee, but when. I got
my cup of Postum It satisfied my coffee
taste, and from that day on X began to feel
better. That was three years ago, and I
have never used any ordinary coffee since,
but have stuck to Postujn.
"When I quit coffee I weighed 115 pound.
Tv n.tohf tww fs nWmf 17?? TTv a Imiv
! while people kept talking to me about the
cnange. I n-2 been a wnnKiea. run-down,
old man; but am now fleshy, my skin
smooth, good color, and when I walk I step
out like a healthy man ought to.
"I honestly believe, Postum. saved my
life, for I wa3 simply being poisoned ti
death. Now I can eat anything I want and
naturally enjoy life." Name given or Pos- .
turn Co., Battle Creek, Mich.
&.. i . . . .
5. TJSTslS -.u.1-j- 5"-. i?i. . . .- ,