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title: 'The St. Louis Republic. (St. Louis, Mo.) 1888-1919, July 26, 1903, PART I, Image 8',
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THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. JULY 26,
THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC.
4 PUBLISHERS: GEORGE KJfAPP CO.
Charles W. Knapp, President and General Manager.
George I Allen, Vice President.
-j- W. B. Carr, Secretary.
Office: Corner Seventh and 01le Streets. "
TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION:
2AIL.Y AXD SUNDAY-SEVEN ISSUES A WEEK.
By Mall In Advance Postage Prepaid.
Oi.e year.... JS.00
Six months 3.M
Three months LCO
Any three days, except Sunday one year 3.04
Sueday, with Magazine 2.00
Special Mall Edition. Sunday J-"3
Sunday Magazine LK
BY CARIUEH-ST. LOUIS AND SUBURBS.
Tor week, dolly only 6 cents
Tcr week, dally nnd Sunday 11 cents
Pyallohed Monday Rnd Thursday one year fl.00
Heralt by back draft, cxprets money order or registered
Address: THE REPUBLIC.
St. Louis. Mo.
C7"Kejectcd communications cannot be returned under
Entered In the Post Office at St Louie, Mo., as second
Domestic postage. per copy.
ElgSt. ten and twelve pages 1 cent
Sixteen, eighteen and twenty pages
2 cents for one or 3 cents for two papers
Twenty-two or twenty-eight pages 2 cents
Thirty pages. : cents
Editorial Reception-Room. .
SUNDAY, JULY 20, 1003.
Circulation Diarxag 7iane.
W. B. Carr, Business Manager of The St. Louis Re
public being duly sworn, says that the actual number of
full and complete copies of the Daily and Sunday Re
public printed during the month of June, 1903, all In reg
ular editions, was as per schedule below:
Date. Copies. Date. Cor''
X ...... .314,070 1(1 114m!!W
2. ......ii3,oio 17 li.-).:: to
S... 113,710 18 11-1,720
4 . .".... ii5.iro ii ii3,uuo
5 ............ .115.240 SO 114,7m)
6 117.0.-.0 21 . .(Sundaj)...ll!liO
T ..(Sunday)... 120.rH0 2S li:tJl()
8. ............ iib.ojo 23 112,050
o lisiM) si ii::,mo
10 124,700 S3 112. IOU
XI 119,110 SU 111.G10
ia(... 118,300 27 113,010
18',..v.......... .11:1.10 28 ..(San day).. .117.370
IS .. (Sunday)... 120,540 SO 111,700
15 ............ .115,570 30 llS.OUO
Total for the month 3,472,470
Less all copies spoiled la printing, left over or
Net number distributed 3,40S,340
Average dally distribution 113,011
And said W. B. Carr further says that the number
of copies returned and reported unsold during the month
of June was 6.96 per cent.
W. B. CARR.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 1st day of July.
: J. F. FARISH.
, Notary Public. City of St. Louis, Mo.
, My term expires April ", 1905.
WORLD'S 1 904 FAIR.
THE NEXT PONTIFF.
The successor to Popo Leo may lie a prelate vir
tually unknown to the world at large and one as yet
j'not considered by the College of Cardinals. Those
electors "who are supposed to wield. Influence and to
hold the power to create the next Pope may lack this
Influence when the conclave begins. Or, what Is still
more to the point, they may refrain from making any
effort to use It.
All premises as to the outcome of the conclave's
deliberations are speculation. No Cardinal or group
of Cardinals controls the college. No reliable forecast
can be made. "When it Is remembered that every vote
Is a. secret ballot, insuring liberty of decision to each
elector, it is reasonable to presume that personality
and personal attributes, such as fairness and broad
ness of Intellect, will count for more than quasi-political
and other considerations.
An Impression prevails that politics, as such, enters
almost entirely into the election and that the highest
office in the Catholic Church Is sought for ardently.
In-contrast to the matter of politics there is the mat
teflof religion, for religion and the power of the church
are unquestionably most dear to aged church princes,
who, having devoted their lives to Catholicity, have
come to regard that as the first object. And, in the
second place, most of the eligibles would prefer not to
hare the honor and responsibilities of the Papacy, al
though perhaps a few are ambitious In this respect.
The best presentation of the men and factors con
nected with the conclave is probably that written by
Mr. F. Marlon Crawford and published In "Every
body's Magazine." He jets forth the qualifications
and characteristics of prominent candidates and con
cludes with the assertion that the next Pope might
be a famous Cardinal or an unheard-of hermit. Mr.
Crawford's article has the virtue of atmosphere, hav
ing been written by one who understands the Vatican,
and thus gives an impression of the mode and domi
nant agencies of the electiou.
Any guess as to the outcome of the conclave's elec
tion would be more or less absurd, as there Is nothiug
on which it might foe- founded. However, it Is safe
to predict that the next Pope will not be a creation
of political intrigue, but a prelate capable of niaintain
Ingthe work of church development so well done by
Leo.-He might be a Cardinal widely known, or a
plain priest entirely unknown. The whole world may
hope, however, that he will be as good and as enlight
ened a ruler as the late Pope.
LITTLE JAPAN'S PERIL.
There Is reason to believe that pugnacious little
Japan will make a tragical blunder should she permit
an Impetuous national resentment to hurry her Into a
war with Kussia on the assumption that England and
France would also take up arms to prevent ltussiau
Egsression in Korea and Manchuria.
The Anglo-Japanese alliance is not by any means
sufficiently definite of itself to commit the British Gov
ernment to the policy of supporting Japan in such a
conflict, and it is extremely doubtful whether Eng
land Is ready for a war of such magnitude, solicitous
as" she may be to check the growth of Russian power
Injlhe Far East and to lessen the menace of the Slav
in India. It must be remembered that Japan found
no friends to back her up when, at the close of her
victorious war with China, Russia stepped in and vir
tually robbed her of the fruits of victory.
Even less to be counted upon is France, the sound
est wisdom dictating for that country a policy which
shall insure peace for years to come, with a possibility
oC profiting from wars between other Powers while
she Is regaining her old strength and maintaining
friendly relations with all. The fact of the better
feeling now existing between the French and English
people does not necessarily mean a French willing
ness to Join In a war with Russia, with whom, not so
long ago, she was on terms of the most enthusiastic
and vociferous amity. Nor docs Japan make an es
pecially magnetic appeal to France as an ally, save In
Of. course, should war between Russia and Japan
be the outcome of the present crisis, all sorts of read
justments, and new alignments might result, but the
likelihood of an Anglo-Franco-Japanc-e alliance U not
so strong ns It should be to justify Japan In taking It
for granted. The "Yankees of the Orient" are a
plucky and ambitious race, but they should restrain
their warlike ardor Just now. Russia would like noth
ing better than to provoke Japan Into war at a mo
unt when British prudence and French common
swim forbade the participation of those countries as
SUPPORT LEE'S STORY.
If Daniel J. Kolley is so deeply concerned for justice
In MUsouri, let him come back, where he may be cross
examined. From the far heights of Canada he cm
hardly Impose retribution on sinners. Missouri's gates
are ajar for the .statuesque and talented lover of jus
tice who, his friend and victim says, boasts of debauch
ing the Icglblatuies of half the imperial common
wealths of America.
John A. Lee came back to take his medicine. Daniel
J. Kelley jumped the St. Lawrence. Secure beyond the
clutch of law, he sends back epistolary cross lire.
He Is strengthening Loe's coining testimony in court.
If the "letters" are true, they show him to be all that ho
charges Leo with being, and more. They prove Kelley's
profligate, abandoned and remorseless criminality; by
their publication Kelley makes a voluntary exhibition
of baseness, sending broadcast to the world an admis
sion of treasonlike turpitude and designing crime, ami
all for no purpose whatever except to disparage Mis-
souns efforts to convict indicted men. And, further
morebefore coming to the essential and Important
effect of the letters the motive and method of their
preservation and publication disclose a spiderlike pio
penslty to entrap and ruin.
Hut the main, the big and cogent point is that the
letters, oflered for the purpose of discrediting Lee's
testimony, do instead corroborate Leo; they show ab
solutely and beyond the shadow of a doubt the exist
ence in the Senate of the very state of facts which
Lee describes. The object of Kelley Is to show that
Lee's character weakens the value of his testimony;
that Farris and others were not members of a lobby, a
combine or an "alum crowd"; that Lee lies when he
says members of the Senate wore bought with money
from his own and other hands.
But the letters show that Lee was doing business
with a gang on Kelley's behalf; that Lee was appoint
ing suliserviont committee members acceptable to Kel
ley: chairmen of committees appointed to do the trust's
bidding for a consideration to be paid by Lee for Kel
ley: and the letters mention "F " and others.
Kelley paid large sums of money to IOe. Why did
Kelley Keep Lee in his pay, as he says and as tiie let
ters indicate? Would Kelley have paid Lee such sums
merely for Lee's good-will and in consideration of
Lee's appointing uncorrupt and incorruptible men?
What would Lee's appointive powers have been worth
to Kelley if there had been no corrupt men nnd no
combine of corrupt men to carry out the purpose? Lee
was able to deliver the goods, and for this he was paid.
The letters offered by Kelley are so many admissions
of the fact that a corrupt combine was being placed
where it could act; probably that Lee was a paymaster
at times and that he looked to Kelley for the necessary
funds; indeed that he demanded them. Kelley admits
that funds were forthcoming. He makes public a long
list of amounts. Kelley can scarcely claim, In view of
the letters, that he was paying out something for noth
ing. If Lee was giving something for the money, then he
must have had a corps of Senators standing behind
him with ready votes and extended palms; he must
have had committeemen eager for boodle and devoid
of honor. Who were these men? The letters afford
Leo whoso statement Implicates Senators is the
same ,Lee whom Kelley exploits as the letter-writer,
and is the same who will be called to testify for the
State. The letters square perfectly with the statement
they tell the same story; and the testimony will
doubtless be but a repetition.
Facts are facts, it matters not from what source
they come. Even Kelley might have credence if there
-were supporting facts to bear him out conclusively. If
Kelley should take the stand corroborated by the John
A. Lee letters, Kelley himself would bo a valuable wit
ness for the State at Jefferson City to prove the exist
ence of a combine and the guilt of combine men. John
A. Lee, supported by the letters coming out of Kelley's
hands unsolicited by Lee. but on the contrary at the
suggestion or behest of the defense, should be thrice
valuable and thrice believed.
KING EDWARD IN IRELAND.
King Edward's visit to Ireland is being marked by
so many demonstrations of a better feeling towards
the British monarch on the part of the Irish people ns
to become especially significant and of some import
as bearing upon the near future.
There are at least two good reasons accounting for
this friendlier attitude of Irishmen at such a moment.
The first and weightier of the two is that the land
bill, which has now passed Its third reading In Parlia
ment, has greatly diminished the bitterness felt by
the Irish people against the English, indicating, as it
docs, n willingness on the part of the latter to solve
the long-vexed "Irish land question" in a manner ad
vantageous to the Irish themselves. The second rea
son is contained In the fact of King Edward's per
sonal popularity In Ireland. He is well liked by the
people of that country, and ho leaves nothing undone
that promises to Increase this liking.
But, as Is being made plain by leaders of Irish
thought and action, the movement for Home Rule Is
not In the least affected by these recent developments.
King Edward may make himself personally welcome
In Ireland, and the wrong of the Irish land situation
may be righted by English action, still the fight for
Home Rule remains to he prosecuted to a definite con
clusion just as before. The one change in the aspect
of things is due to the fact that British tact and diplo
macy may now have greater exercise In dealing with
the Irish problem than has been possible heretofore.
THE LAW AND THE LADY.
That Connecticut man who tried to obtain from the
courts an injunction forbidding his fickle sweetheart
to wed his hated rival manifested a confident faith
in the all-embracing Jurisdiction of the law equaled
only by the Ingenuousness of his original device for
smoothing love's rocky road.
Nevertlielebs, although one sympathizes with even
a Connecticut man, perhaps the most practical and
unsentimental of God's creatures, -when he is the dole
ful victim of a capricious girl's desire to be off with
the old love and on with the new, it is not to be re
gretted that this melancholy swain failed to secure
the desired injunction. When sweet romance be
comes subject to legal writs the delight of the world
will be in sore peril of utter extinction.
Far more consistent was the action of another
recently jilted lover, in this Instance a citizen of the
State of New York, where human impulse more po
tently dictates action along natural lines. He was
an elderly Romeo, and when the object of his affec
tions threw him over for a younger man he knelt
down and wrestled long and earnestly In prayer for
divine guidance. Then he arose and got a big club
and went and beat his successful rival Into a sort
of pulp of disfigured sentiment, as It were, after
which he returned home in great content and tran
quillity of soul.
From the purely moral viewpoint the Connecticut
man was right and the New Yorker wrong, since one
resorted to the law and the other to an act of per
sonal violence to get even with a triumphant rival.
But the world's approval will rest upon the mittened
man with the club, not the 6eeker after an Injunc
tion, if a girl can thus bo enjoined from wedding
the man she loves, what is to savo her from being
manda mued Into marrying another whom she de
tests? This is the very keynote of the Connecticut
NO HULA-HULA MONKEY BUSINESS.
In reading the gladsome news that little Hawaii
has patriotically appropriated the sum of $riO,OOu for
an exhibit at the St. Louis World's Fair, one Is led to
lejoiee additionally because of the fact that vigorous
objections have Iteen made to the Incorporation of the
hula-huhi dance as a feature of that exhibit.
Of course, the vast majority of ua haven't the re
motest Idea of what a hula-hula dance looks like in
full swing, but In the very name there Is palpitant
and voluptuous suggestion which strikes alarm to the
timid soul. It sounds like "hoochee-koochee," the per
fectly dicidful "danse du ventre" which Chicago's
Midway precipitated upon the horrified vision of
moral America, and surely the Pike, once a modest
woodland way tinder the homely name of Sklnker's
road, cannot stand for this sort of business. A hula
hula d.ince there would seem like the prolanatlon of
a rtibtic shrine.
Besides, consider the poets, who, though they toil
not. neither do they spin, once settled themselves In
a tine frenzy to the chaste singing of the charms of
this same locality, inspired by The Republic's prize
poem competition. What would they think of a
warmly tropical hula-hula "hoe-down" on the Pike,
bronze-fleshed Hawaiian maidens revealing their
South Sea Island charms to a musical accompaniment
calculated to send cold shivers along the full length
of any respectable spine? Wouldn't there be a stam
pede of Pcgnsuses In the direction of home and
mother? Wouldn't the Parnassian slopes be jammed
with sweet singers, breathless In their flight from
such an abomination? No, folks, it won't do for a
minute. Away with the hula-hula!
It Is with the slncorcst pleasure that The Republic
welcomes Frank Leslie's Monthly as a volunteer in
the light against the lobby in Missouri. For years
The Republic has been fighting this evil of Democratic
and Republican corruption in the State Legislature,
and it tejolces that victory now seems to be In sight.
Re-enforcements in the field can still be of service,
however, and they are heartily welcome.
JAMES A. M'NEILL WHISTLER,
GENIUS OF MOODS AND EPIGRAMS.
Proofs of a common-law marriage should be scru
tinized closely, especially in a case where the legitl.
macy of children is not in question. In as far as
possible the laws should discourage such form of mar
riages; and this particularly In the interest of young
women, who should be taught that marriages In the
form provided by statute are the only ones which are
safe and sure.
Columbia's new president, Doctor Charles W. Need
ham, Is not a college graduate. Perhaps this college
proceeds on the theory, which Isn't a bad one, that
the bringing of mere school-trained men Into a faculty
is like carrying coals to Newcastle. Practical educa
tion, business fieuse and executive ability are good
qualifications for a college president.
Those Eastern college students who hastened to
Kansas, under the rosy representations of interested
parties, to earn money as liarvesters, and whoaro now
stranded 2,000 miles from home, have at leaEt had
their education forwarded to the extent of learning
that "distance lends enchantment to the view."
Senator Cockrell may or may not be the Demo
cratic nominee for President next year, but all must
agree that he measures up to the highest honors with
in the gift of his party nnd of the Democratic people
of this country.
King Edward hold royal court In the Castle at
Dnblln, nnd the Irish Guards acted as an escort of
honor, but loyal children of Erin will contend that
King Brian Bom knew how to do 6uch things far
Turkey Is now too poor to pay the salaries of state
officials, lint a wholesome fear of the bowstring may
prevent open protest against the vacuum revealed by
the loosening of the national purse-string.
New York Is to have a newspaper edited by women
for women, and it will probably "fill a long felt want"
by devising some infallible means of telling any reader
off-hand if her hat Is on straight
In contemplating a war with Russia little Japan
should remember that It's always much easier to get
into a light than to come out of it with distinction
nnd a whole skin.
written- ron Tim sundat republic.
"He is like no other human being." said
an American woman who met the late
James A. McNeill Whistler in London some
vears ago. "A c-eature of moods and epi
grams, but perfectly delightful. I feel as
it I had been conversing with a tlash of
lightning in a brown velvet coat."
Perhaps it was this woman who had said
to Whistler, after having stood before one
of hi j paintings In silent admiration for
many minutes: "Why, Mr. Whistler, it's
nature herself!" and to whom the world
famous artist and wit instantly replied:
"Vi'.s, madam. I understand nature Is look
hiK much Improved of Iali!"
Such a comment was eminently charac
teristic of Whistler, and. as a Hurt of re
rso Illustration of tho same whimsical
turn of his conceit, his retort to the At
torney Genend of England in the famojs
action, at law of Whistler vs. Ruskln is
apropos The renowned Whistler painting
of llattersea Bridge at night. "A Nocturne
in Black and Gold," which Ruskin had
characterized as "a pot of paint flung In
the public's face," was produced In the
courtroom during the trial of the ia
"Io jou think now, Mr. Whistler," asked
the Attorney General, "that jou could make
me see the beauty of that picture?"
WhUtlir j.iUM-d, as wo are told in his
book, "The Gentle Art of Making Ene
mies," which contains the report of tho
trial, and uxamlnins attentively tho At
torney Gene.al's tace and looklns at the
ulcture alternate, said, after apparently
bIvIiik the subject much thought, whl.e the
court waited in silence for hu answer:
"Sol Do jou know. I fear It would be
as hopeless as for the musician to pour
his notes Into the ear of a def man."
The sainff grace of humor possessed by
Whlatkr enabled him to appreciate tho
tonne side of the artistic temperament as
keenly .is one not a member of the wlf-.ib-sorlnd
brotherhood. Lundon "Punch" once
published a suppositious conversation be
twteii Whistler and O'car Wilde, which
caused the latter to (.end the following tele
gram: Trom 0car Wilde. nrter. so J. McNeill
WhirtUr. Tite Stref t: launch too rillculau-s; when
ou ami 1 art- together we never talk about anj
thtRK except ouriches."
To which Whistler replied, reproving the
presuming leader of the ucsthctcs:
"From WhWr. Tite Street, to Ocar Wild",
Eieter: No, no, Oscar, joa fonjet; when jou
and I nre together, we never talk abojt anything
The eccentric American artist cherished
an amused contempt for Oscar Wilde and
seemed alert to the shallowness and sham
which constituted so large a part of the
Once, when Whistler had said an especial
ly billliant thing in private conversation,
0car Wlldc, exclaimed. "That's good,
Whlstlerl By Jove. I vvh-h I had wild that."
"Never mind, Oscar you will!" was
Whistler's grim and significant response.
Naturally enough. Whistler's biting wit
counted against him in the end. placing him
In antagonism toward nearly all his as
sociates and contemporaries. Just a year
before his death ho wrote:
"I learn that I have. lurking in London,
still a friend, though for the life of mu I
cannot remember his name.
Yet one must needs believe that he rel
ished hli more or les-i Ishmaelitih position.
When Tom Taylor, art critic of the Lon
don Times, di-d. Whistler s ild, mournfully,
"I have hardly a warm perional enemy
h-.ve told him not to say that one of tho
chief intercr-ts of Mr. lierkomer's large
wateP'Color drawing of Mr. Ruskin "at
taches to it as being the lir-t oil portrait
we have evtr seen of our great art criticl
So. al-o, when the art critic of tho Spec
tator mistook a photogravure reproduction
of a. pen-and-ink drawing by Samuel
I'almer for a ilnis-hed etching by tho same
hai.d. Whistler rejoiced mightily, denving
that the error was, "astounding." as an
other in-dotid. "Not at all." wrote Whist
ler to the World. "By this sort of thin?
was he known among us, poor chap anil so
was he our fiefh gladness and continued
W'McMa,- nnf nn .... - I...I-, .1.. nn.rltot IsUmriSe."
-' , nw: nub uil JJ I ttlu,.ll 1 vo.u.ua . -
terms with his brother-in-law. Sir Seymour Once. '" a controversy with Philip GII
lleyden. On ono occasion the latter came l,"rt Hamerton. precipitated by a letter
Into an art gallery in the forenoon ami. ; u Whistler tu the New- York Tribune,
steins Whistler, went out witlt a sour losk. the former wrote a stately note to w hutltr,
"Just came in for his morning bitters!'
was the amused Whistler comment.
It hurt Whistler to the quick when he
was defeated for re-election to the presi
dency of the Royal Society of British Art
ists, and he and his followers withdrew
from the society. At its next annual e.-
luuched in the third person, rebuking him
and Informing him that "Mr. Hamerton
has answered Mr. Whistler's letter in tho
same journal In which it appeared."
To whleh Whh-tler made reply: "It is
possibly too much to expect upon the prin
ciple of 'trumps not turning up twice" but
hlbltion Whistler visited the galleries. A ! - " histler does nope that Mr. Hamer-
t-entlem.in at hl.s shoulder w.is ni'mlrlnn- a I 'On s leucr to tne Aciv lorK irmune win
canvas of Sir Frederick Leighton's.
"It's a gem." he cried; "a perfect gem!"
"Yes," answered Whistler. "like a dia
mond in the sty."
A good deal of r. dandy in his own eccen
tric way, carrying a cine that has been
described afi a long wand, and somewhat
affected in manner. Whistler, the yon of a
gallant officer in th" United States Army,
and at one time a cadet at West Point h:m-
Helf, was anything but effeminate.
be as funny as his note to Mr. Whistler,
which has just been forwarded from Lon
don.'" Returning for a moment to Oscar Wilde,
it will IO remembered that it was WhNtler
who said of this literary celebrity of Lon
don drawing-rooms and leader of the
"greenery -yallerj " cult: "Oscar has the
i courage of other people's convictions."
! Again, upon receiving a note from Wildo
in which there was a cheap attempt at
A certain Mr. Stott of Oldham encour.- I wit. Whistler wrote In answer: " "A poor
tered him In the Hogarth Club and de- thing." 0--i.ar but, for once. I suppose,
nounced him as a liar and a coward. "I ' "your own.' "
immediately rose up and slapped Mr. Stott's I However, these Illustrations of the
face," Whistler records. "I am also grieved ' Whistler temperament are so plentiful that
to add that the ine'dent was closed by n. ! one may not hope to give even the most
kick administered upon a part of Mr. Stott I salient of them within the space of an
o Oldham's body that finally turned to- ' article. Now comes the death of this
ward me." I gibing Tiiersites of a painter and there is
Nothing delighted Whistler more than to a singular pathos in his passing,
confound the critics, with whom he was In i Recognized as a great artist, by many ol
a perpetual state of war. and especially to ! his fellow-painters believed to be the great
catch them tripping in their exposition of ! est in the world at the time of his death.
an art of which, he always contended, they his end was touclungly lonely,
knew- nothing but the i-uperncial jargon. He Is said to have suffered from cancer
The critic of the Times spoke of a por- j of the stomach, for which reason he for
trait of John Ruskin by Hcrkomcr ns "be- bade that his few friends or the public b
Ing the first oil portrait we have ever seen j informed of his illness. Secreting himself
of our great art critic." Whereupon Whist- in ills residence in Chelsea, he braved tho
ier rushed Joyously into print in the letter ' fight through in utter solitude to the end.
to tho World as follows: "Ne pas con- i dying without a word of farewell to tho
fondro Intelligence avec gendarme?. but , world, at which he had laughed all his
surely, dear Atlas, when the art critic of ( life.
the Times, suffering possibly from chronic
catarrh, is wafted In at the Grosvenor with
out gulele or compass, and cannot by mere
sense of smell distinguish between on ana
water color, ho ought, like Mark Twain,
It was a pitiful death yet, somehow or
others It seems in fateful keeping with a.
man of Whistler's temperament, a curious
combination of Mercutlo and the rallins
and melancholy Jacques, with the Dalnter"3
to inquire." ' Had he asked the guardian or firo added to intensify the psychological
the fireman in the gallery, either might puzzle.
ADVENT OF THE MIDSUMMER FISHERMAN,
A STUDY IN NATURAL HISTORY.
School Garden.. ... ..L.vr
Wo have previously spoken of the unutilized opportuni
ty for promoting health and happiness by means of the
school garden. Miss Louise Klein Miller, director of the
Lowthropo School of Horticulture nnd Landscape Garden
ing for Women, says that in Austria-Hungary alone there
nre 1S.O0O school gardens, and in Franco there aro said
to be 23.C00, nnd In all Kuropo over 100.000. In France the
teachers aro required by law to bo able to instruct their
pupils In the elements of agriculture and horticulture, and
normal schools have been established for the purpose of
giving teachers such training. No plans for school build
ings to which the State contributes are approved unless
accompanied by plans for a school garden. In these
gardens the pupils aro shown practically the simpler de
tails of horticulture, and are given charge of every stage
of the cultivation, from tho preparation of the soil to the
gathering of the harvest. In this country the system has
been successfully undertaken, and It Is likely to extend
rapidly. It can be combined with other instruction, as is
well shown by the work at Hyannis, Mass. At the school
garilens of tho State Normal School there tho "products
of the gardens aro sold, the money Is taken to the hank
and deposited, and the children learn the method of de
positing money and drawing checks."' The study of horti
culture Is compulsory in Belgium. In Germany and Eng
land school cardons are encouraged, but not regulated by
Washington's statnc In London.
That Washington will have a statue In St. Paul's Is a
matter of gratification, becauso it will emblematize tho
tact that the two great English-speaking nations have con
cluded to bury the hatchet of old hatreds and recognizo
wli.it is good in each other. This spirit has been growing
very strong of late. We have been sending our pretty
girls as wives for the British aristocracy, we have been
spending our money In restoring decayed halls and castles,
we have been shipping our goods to the British and we aro
sending stcamerload'3 of sentiment every day in the week.
The time may never come when the two nations will loso
their identity, but we trust and believe that the relations
will ever becomo more friendly and mutually supporting in
every good cause. Washington stands as the representative
of tho most lofty patriotism, the most complete self-sacrifice
and tho most unfaltering faith that the world has ever
known. Not without his faults, ho still remains the types
of the best manhood that thl3 or any other country ha3
produced, and a statuo to his memory will honor those who
erect It and tho place where it Is set.
Anticipating; the Millennium.
Author and publisher are not always enemies. For In
stance, the will or Charles Godfred Lcland ("Hans Brelt
man") bequeathes all the profits from his works to his pub
lisher, Mr. Philip Welby.
WRITTEN FOR THE SUNDAT REPUBLIC.
The Fisherman The approach of the dog
davs calls attention to tho Fisherman,
which during the warm weather is subject
to a species of rabies that Is extremely con
tagious, nnd against which people who aro
out on a vacation should protect themselves
as much as possible.
This strange animal, which is a cross be
tween Ananias ard a hot-air furnace. Is
chiefly remarkable for its curious habit of
spending tho winter laying up tho store of
dough which it blows in on a two weeks"
angling trip in tho summer.
During tho most of the year it Is a plain,
unpretentious, inoffensive be.ist of burden,
that is economical, reliable and veracious,
but tho minute it begins to throw fits a
complete metamorphosis takes place and it
becomes a wild and unmanaueablo creature
that burns up money for split bamboo rods
and silk dip-nets, and boasts loudly and
without truth or reason of what it is going
to do. thus rendering itself a terror to all
These annus.1 Attacks are naturally a
great drawback to the pleasure of having a
Fisherman us a domestic pet, but as you
can alwavs seo tho frenzy coming on, it
gives a family an opportunity to hustle the
poor, afflicted cre-tture off to tho country. In
time to save their lives.
Fortunately, the spells are seldom of long
duration, and after two or three weeks the
Fisherman generally returns in an humble
and chastened stato of mind, with empty
pockcts and large, soro sun blisters on the
back of its neck.
The Fisherman Is indigenous to tho entire
world. England and Scotland produce a re
markably lino species, though tho American
variety, while perhaps lacking a llttlo in
the staying powers exhibited by thoso of
BY DOROTHY DIX.
tho mother country, far excels them In Its
ability to guess at the weight of things it
hooked but never landed.
The American Fisherman is also a much
more picturesque liar than that of any oth
er country, and as this Is one of the cnief
points about the species. It will b- seen that
we lead the world In tho propagation of this
Anatomists who have dissected this inter
esting animal tell us that it is composed
cliietly of hopo and imagination, and that
the truth is not in it.
This, coupled with- Its habit of bragging
about the fish It has caught, but ne,ver
brings home with It, and its tendency to
make love to any pretty summer girl who
may happen around, has led naturalists to
clas-slfy It among those animals that havo
no grip on veracity (genus prevaricatis).
In appearance the Fisherman is a dream
and may be readily distinguished at sight
by tho number of things It has strapped up
on It. Indeed, the more It can burden Itself
down with creels and fly books and gaffs
and rods, etc. the better pleased it Is. It
also carries a large bottle of bait.
Unhappily, wo have little authentic data
concerning tho habits of thLs interesting an
imal in action, although it is not in tho
least shy and exhibits a perfect willingness
to have Itself photographed with large
strings cf papier-mache fish.
From the best authorities' attainable, how
ever, we learn that It rises long before day
and hies away to some secluded spot, where
it stands in the water for hours at a time,
vainly waiting for a salmon that never
comes; or else it sits bent doubled up on a
log. or In a boat In the sun. while earwigs
crawl down Its back and mosquitoes pepper
It. and it lays the foundation of malaria
and doctors' bllln.
The same veracious authorities who have
made these interesting observations also
contend that the Fisherman goes through
these tortures under the Impression that it
Is enjoying Itself, which sem3 to lndlcat
that it Is an animal singularly deficient la
a sense of humor-
The chief characteristic of tho Fisherman
is Its patience. Some writers contend that
this is owing to the use of bait, which ap
pears to affect It very much as the loco
weeel does the cattle In the West.
Indeed, some naturalists go so far as to
declare that after a Fisherman has nibbled
three or four times at the bait it doesn't
care whether there Is anything doing or not.
During the winter tho Fisherman spends
Its time, when not engaged in labor. In tell
ing about the size of the !3sh it caught ila3t
summer. These grow In weight and num
ber, so that what were two small perch In
August become a string of whales by tho
middle of December.
It la. however, extremely risky to doubt
a Fisherman's story. Hence the expression.
"Let sleeping animals He."
From the fact that the Fisherman la al
wavs found along streams, ponds and lakes,
the" Impression prevails that It is extremely
fond of water.
This is an error. You can lead a Fisher
man to tho water, but you can't make It
drink, minute Investigation showing that It
feeds principally on rye.
The female of this species Is extremely
rare, but is peculiarly sjanserous, as It i9
a man-devouring variety that spends Its
time angling for husbands;
At present our American cities are full oC
Fishermen, who have Just returned from
the country, and who are roaming tho
streets seeking victims whom they may
By going downtown very early In tho
morning and returning late at night it is.
however, possible to escape them, though
nobody Is safe, and the Society for the Pre
vention of Cruelty to Listeners should sea
that they are muzzled.
Copyright. 1KB. br W. R. Hearst. Great Brit
ain rights reserved.
IS OR IS NOT WEALTH AN
ADVANTAGE TO AMERICAN YOUTH?
BY MRS. JOHN A. LOGAN.
WRITTEN TOR Tnn SUNDAY REPUBLIC.
It is a debatable question whether or not
it Is to be regretted that the most ambi
tions of the present generation of tho
American youth are confined almost exclu
sively to those who have Insufficient means
to carry out their plans for the acquisi
tion of fame or fortune, and must depend
absolutely upon their own exertions for all
It 13 probably not a misfortune that they
must work ail the time out Qf school
hours and during their vacation to earn
money enough to supply the necessities of
their scholastic course.
The industry necessary to keep their
minds and bodies healthful is an advantage
not gained otherwise.
They havo no time for dissipation and
Boys obtain all the exercise they need
by athletics; many of them winning
scholarships and prizes which enable them
to go to college which they could not do
without somo such good fortune.
Glrl" have many fields whero tbey can
advance themselves and gratify their am
bitions for collegiate, musical, art and
A score of them have done so and have
carried away prizes that should have been
won by their more wealthy companions
who had all of their tlme'to devote to their
Nine cases out of ten tho young people
who are brought up in idleness, and who
are indulged in luxurious living, contract
extravagant. Indolent habits and vicious
The lines of Doctor Watts, "Satan finds
some mischief still for idle hands to do,"
are as true to-day as when first uttered by
that eminent divine.
Ono Is painetl in examining the lists of
rich men's sons to find so few of them
have sustained the good name and fortune
they have inherited.
By far tho majority of them have in a
few brief years scattered their inheri
tance and forfeited the reputations be
queathed by their parents.
There Is no exception on account of lo
calities. The scions of frugal, moral, honorable
New England sires havo been the most
reckless debauchees when they have come
Into the possession of their patrimony, ex
hibiting propensities the origin of which
ne is at a loss to understand; displaying
none of the traits of patience. Intelligence,
high character and morality of their pri
mogenitors. In many respects they outstrip those of
tho Far West, who are supposeil to In
herit the most dissipated and reckless dis
positions from their during and desperate
antecedents, whose ndventerous lives led
them into the mining distrct9 of tho gol
condas west of the Rocky Mountains, and
whoso examples were characterized by
anything but sobriety and economy, but
who were men of strictest integrity and
Unfortunately for young America, too,
many of the wealthy class have spent too
much time nbroad and have been Influenced
by the profligate men who are tho degen
erate sons of decayed nobility, who havo
becomo proilcient in all phazes of profli
gacy. Spending their inheritance in Immoral
and riotous living, they are on the qui vivo
for" unsophisticated, rich Americans whom
they nre ready to initiate Into all the
abandon of European spendthrifts.
It does not take the trusting victims long
to acquire a keen taste for the exquisite
and alluring temptations put before them,
and before they realize the fact thev be
come apt pupils and have lost all their pre- 1
tonceiveu iu"as oi rignt living.
They sometimes awaken to a realization
that they are paying heavy premiums on
their investments In debauchery, but more
frequently not until they have spent what
ever they could call their own and arc
unlit for the useful lives they should lead.
Invention seems to have been busy de
vising ways and mean3 for the rich to
spend their multi-millions. Not the least of
these inventions is the automobile. There
is a high pressure atmosphere about thl3
wonderful machine that has completely
captured Americans, voung and old.
A majority are not satisfied with reason
able speed that covers spaco in marvelous
ly short time, but must have tho speed
trebled and quadrupled until the highways
and streets are continually jeopardized.
Legislation became necessary to protect
life and prdperty against wanton destruc
tion by these reckless automobilists, but
even with its restraints one is constant
ly shocked by accidents that occur through
excessive speed, some paying their fines
and Immediately repeating their offense of
Illegal speeding, caring little for the fino
if they can gratify their desires to excel
some one else In the swiftness with which
they fly about from place to place.
There have been Instances where men
have expressed gratification over being ar
rested for violation of law because they
attracted attention to the fact thai they-
had fast automobiles and imitated some
body of the ultra-fashionable set.
Automoblling. yacht racing, polo, golf,
tennis and the long list of amusements of
the very wealthy are all well enough if
they would keep within the bounds of rea
son nnd a proper regard for the rights of
The young man or woman who is desir
ous of getting into the "smart set," whoso
ambitions are not above such a standard, is
destined to be a failure, and will not con
tribute much toward the betterment of the
CopvriKht. 1501. by W. R. Hearst, Great Rritam
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
TO-DAY IN ST. LOUIS.
From The Republic. July 27. 1S75.
Depositions in the suit of J. H.
Chambers against Logan D. Dam
eron. growing out of a Methodist
Church controversy, were taken. I!.
M. Scruggs vns an Important wit
ness. Others engaged in the trial
were Judge Valllant, Doctors Lewis
nnd Wilson. A. R. Moore. Thoma3
J. Henley and Captain John A. Scud
dcr. An injunction against the St. Louis
and Illinois Railroad to stop construc
tion of the lino through East St.
I-ouls becamo effective. The builders
were John II. Bowman. Joseph Al
born. Eugene Holloran, William Mul
ligan, John 3. Carroll, Frank Bow
man. Henry Sexton and William
Protestor Jo'.-n II. TIce departed
for Texas to witness the total eclipse
of the sun.
Commodore W. J. Kountz of tho
Kountz Lino of steamers went to
W. E. Stevens, evangelist, conduct
ed a large open-air meeting at North
Pierce "Whalin of Gamble place
R. H. Rice presented a fine silver
gray fox to the zoological garden at
the Fair Grounds.
Mrs. Alice Brennan, mother-in-law
of Sheriff Emilo Thomas, died In
-, 'J, ,,!-