Newspaper Page Text
THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. OCTOBER 4. 1903.-
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ME 'WE TITILLATING STIMULATORS BEFORE DINNER ?NP
LIQUEUR AFTEF?, PEStF?ABE M&S TO FEMININE
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WRITTEN FOR THE SUNDAY HEPUBIJa
Do our Women drink cochin 111 and
liqueurs? The answer to this query comes
readily enough after & stance around the
A great many do. But has the drink
ing of Martinis and creme de men the. the
little alcoholic elegancies of dining, be
come so general amons the feminine
members of society as to be tet down as
This is more difficult to say. for the
on glass taken now and then cannot be
termed a habit, and yet does any one,
een lovely woman, stop there?
I One thing is true, and that Is that the
-1 cocktail appears oftener than the uninlti-
V ated know. It cornea to the table of some
of our most fashionable restaurants In its
modest disguise of blue and white or cold
china, instead of clear crystal, and only
those who have been introduced to the
"Martini demltaase" recognize the drink.
which, in this novel war of nerving.
looks as harmless as tea or bouillon.
The excessive use or wine ind liqueur
is too revolting to be thought of in con
nection with i.ouien. It would be doing
them a great injustice to hint uch a
On the other hand. It Is generally
or rood that the Insidious cocktail and the
deadly cordial are sipped by many fair
lips, but whether or not they are taken
In a proportion to warrant their being
stled a habit can only be learned by
This has been done by securing opin
ions from persons prominent In th. vari
ous social, club and business circles of the
In order to solve the questions pre-'
sentsd. several well-lnown persona were
1 Wlion the subject was presented to Mrs.
James I. Blair, president of the Wom
an's Club. Mrs. Blair said:
"I am glad to say that I believe St.
Louis is freer from habits of Intemper
ance, both In drinking and smoking, so
far as women are concerned than any
city I know of. The tendency here Is. I
believe, exactly In the opposite direction.
BARES WEL IQKOR SHAEESPSARE AT BMIEFS GRAVE
STATUE TO BE UNVEILED OK THREE HUNDREDTH ANNIVERSARY OF THB
GRAVE OF HAMLET NEAR ELSIN&&1
wu'i'tm ron the sundat republic:
T A. D. 2993. the coronation year of King
Edward All and the former Danish Prin
cess Queen Alexandra, coincides with the
three hundredth anniversary of the year
In which Shakespeare wrote the greatest
play In the English language.
And It la highly prqbable that In the
year 1903 Shakespeare, being a practical
theater manager, conceived the idea of
giving "Hamlet" to the world because
""-tie Danish-born Princess Ann bad but
Just ascended the throne of England.
So the play with a Danish hero would
be sure of royal patronage, end that of
the people of that day's fashion who
sneezed when the court took enuff.
There Is an extra ana peculiar appropri
ateness In the approaching dedication of
the msmorial statue to Bhakespeare which
will be unveiled at Elsinore, on the an
cient ramparts of Kronberg Castle, at a
date as near as -possible to the anniversary
of the first production of the play.
The statue Is the work of the Danish
sculptor. Louis Hassehils. and the plaster
mooel is now In his studio In Rome, await
ing Its final perpetuation in bronze.
It Is interesting to trace the birth of
the feeling which first prompted the prin
cipal residents of Elsinore and the Eng
lishmen residing there to promote the
erection cf this statue.
They appreciated from the start the
world-wide breaoth of the influence of
" Shakespeare's masterpiece, and yet re
joiced In the Inevitable and welcome pro-
, pnciy oi il uwiuie iccu&tuuuu on wur
1 -gi lh SOIL
- "Considering," said their first circular
letter projecting the scheme, "the jjreat
Influence which the tragedy of 'Hamlet'
has had on the minds of even the great
est poets and philosophers during three
centuries, we entertain the hope that our
z" - 9Z.m
. I .
I think it Is an example we can proudlv
hold up to women In other cities, who
may Indulge In there things.
"I am glad to have thH opportunity to
eay that so far as the Woman's Club Is
concerned nothing of the kind will be
tolerated, or has It ever been dreamed of.
"A very uncalled for article anpeared In
a St. Louis paper some time ago about
what you call Tilth balls.' that were to be
served at the Woman's Club. Let me
state positively, and absolutely, that
nothing of the kind will ever be permitted
there, or will there ever be any sugges
tion of such a thing."
Mrs. Phaip X. Moore of No. 313 Lafay
ette avenue said: "What are they, called
'cocktallsr I do not think ladies ever
tako anything cf that kind. I do not
think the habit prevail at clL Cigar-'
ettesT Not -to my knowledge. It may be
so In the East, but I do not think St.
Louis people can bo accused of that."
Mrs. Ashley D. Scott of No. SSI J Morgan
IIASSELRIIS-S STATUE OF SHAKES
PEARE. SOON TO BE UNVEILED, i
AT KRONBERG CASTLE.
endeavors will be favorably received and
fled spokesmen and subscribers far and
near among foreigners and Danes and
perhaps not least among those who with
full intelligence can read bis works In the
This letter Is signed by Colonel C W.
Christiansen, (ovemor of Kronberg. nnd
by thirteen of Elslnore's leading men. and
since Its Issue the Danish Government has
empowered Its Consuls the world over to
solicit subscriptions in aid of the project.
And this semiofficial recognition of the
movement has a most significant and wide
spread racial interest when one comes to
look Into the historical and literary
sources of the play of "Hamlet."
MEANING OF NAME.
The original name Itself; "Amleth." Is
derived from the two Scandinavian words,
"amb," meaning "conflict." and "loth!,"
meaning "devoted to." and It Is curious to
note. In passing, that by a remarkable
persistence of the leading Idea of the an
cient tale, as told to this dsy to the chil
dren of Iceland, the name of the hero has
the literal significance of "Imbecile" or
"insane" "crank," perhaps, in, our'ver
nseular. and. to go back, the Iceland
mother. Ignorant of the great play born
of the legend, recites as the story of
"Hamlet" the old Norse allegory of the
contest between ocean and shore, winter
and summer, light and darkness.
And thus we see that, like the muslo
dramas of Wagner and like all very great
works of art. the tragedy of "Hamlet"
has Its analogy in the primary opposing
forces of universal nature.
But there are more Intimate associations
connecting the lore of the people of North
ern Europe with tho eld myth. If mythical
I ,QereIy and not historical, as averred
by a large school of Shakespearean schol
ars, for. according to the latter, the Ham
let of Shakespeare Is Identical with Olaf
Kyrre. the authentic hero of early Scan
dinavian history; and, as though be had
been of common kin with all our Northern
ancestors, this same Olaf Is at once the
Amlaf Cuaran of the Irish annals, the
Hygelar of Beowulf, the Chochllaleus of
the French Gregory of Tours and the
Havelock of English legend.
As to the final form of the name itself,
the Irish "Amlaf,"' adopted and latinized
by Saxo Germanicus, the Dane. In the
only written chronicle of the original tale.
became "Amlethas," afterward "Amleth,"
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STAR OF "DRINK"
Apropos of the subject
ance play now being producrtl in the cnlted States,
and it is but natural to Infer that the English star.
Charles Warner, who has played in "Drink
over J.MO times and has received aa many Utters from
all classes on the subject, should have given It more
serious thought than most men. In all Its various
phases, from feminine tippling to degrading excess.
"The cocktail habit lias Hrown vastly among men."
says Mr. Warner.
"Formerly ladies would not think of geiBg Into a
restaurant and ordering Ifq&ur. but now It Is a com
mon thing for them, too, to do.' nnd ray opinion Is tha
the liking for it started from their desMre to be com
panionable to men.
"Liquors, too. vhlch are' Just aa bad as cocktails,
are always seen at dinner, and they aro almost as
urocg a naou wnn one
street said: "Ladles do not drink, cor do
they smoke In circles that I have ever
moved In. In St. Loulx. It may prevail in
homes that I do not know of. but I am
sure that the rule l quite different- I
certainl uould not IHce to reistt a home
where cocktalU or liquor of any kind
were served to Udle. or where the
hostess would permit such customs.
"I should no more think of going to an
entertainment where ruch tilings were
permitted than I would go to the house
where they permitted bridge whist to be
played for money."
Said Charles It Piatt of Ko. 2G9 Pine
boulevard: "At dinner parties where gen
tlemen and ladles dine together cocktails
are often served. The ladles may drink
them or refuse them. Generally they sip
thorn. The men always do.
"Of course, a host generally knows his
Tf he thought It were going- to hurt any
one's feelings he would not offer cock
tails, bat It Is such a usual thing- now
E. IL SOTHERN A3 HAMLET.
and In the spelling of Shakespeare, "Ham
let." It Is not strange, then, that this hero,
claimed by the story tellers of so raan7
nations, should have come. In the match
less setting Shakespeare has given htm.
to be the favorite character In all the
world's dramatic literature.
And so It Is to be admired In the original
Danish projectors of the Havelrils statue
that they were cognisant of the great
propriety of admitting the people of all
cations to a share In Its erection.
On the other hand, cne may put asMa
the historical theory cf the origin of the'
story of Hamlet, and. regarding lr as
purely mythical, still trace It In the fftk
lore of many nations.
For. as history and as myth, the name
of Hamlet's father was Harvendlll; and
this Harvendlll appears In Scandinavian
mythology In connection with Thor"s
contest with Hrungnir and in the German
legends as Orendell; and the "memorial
coat" of this hero Is the identical gar
ment now reputed to be the "seamless
coat of our Savior." preserved. In the Ca
thedral at Treves.
By another twist of the story Harven
dlll was an ancestor of that hero of all
the world's childish Imagination. William
Tell, his name In Swiss legend being con
verted from Harvendlll to Erntbelle.
Thus, on every hand we find the nu
cleus of Shakespeare's great work en
twined with the scmlfandfcl traditions
of Germanic Europe. And perhaps it will
be, possible to emphasize tb fact by se
curing the presence at the unveiling of
the stauo of representatives of the ater
ature of all the nations claiming a share
in the Hamlet story.
That, at least. Is one cf the jtans now
.:-.. V' .--... vZffiS&fr rWla- .Zi&.VrXiil!ete
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DISCUSSES EVIL ?
of drinking Is the temper
res as with the other."
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that no one Is offended when cocktails
are served and the ladles, as 1 say. take
thera or refuse them as they desire."
II. S. Potter of No. SSH Catmnne place
said: "Oh. perhaps occasionally cocktails
raay be rerved for dinners where gentle
men and Udles are dining together, but
I should say that It was a rule honored
more in the breach than In the obser
vance. "I think. I hare seen It done: that Is.
the cocktails were offered, but ladles
usually declined. It Ii certainly not cus
tomary for kullts to drink cocktails."
A St. Louis club manager expressed his
views as foUows:
"Wk.y, yes: at any companionable din
ner here cocktails and liquors are served
to gentlemen "oU ladles alike. No self
respecting cbeMat any club In St. Louis
would think observing dinner without
cocktails, anymore than he would with
Theie Is this difference: At the Bt.
Louis and most other clubs where they
tinder consideration by the committee In
charge of these arrangements.
It may be of Interest to briefly retell the
story of Hamlet as Shakespeare found it
when In search ot material for the Danish
play he had In mind.
In the time of King Rorlek. Gervendill
was Governor of Jutland. He had two
sons. Harvendlll and Fengo, both seeking
the hand of Oerutha. daughter of Rorlek,
Harvendm went fcrth upon a Viking ex
pedition and returned loaded with spoils,
to be received with many honors by King
Rorlek. who further signified his ap
proval of Harvendlll by giving him the
hsnd of Oerutha In marriage.
Jealous or his brother's good fortune,
and possessed of a lasting passion for
Gerutha. Frgo for many ears nurtured a
hatred for Harvendlll. which was intensi
fied by the birth of a son to Harvendlll
and Gerutha. This son wa Amleth.
When AmMh had grown to young roan
hood, Fengo's Jealous hatred culminated
In hi murdering his brother. Harvendlll.
with his own hand. Shortly alter, by tra
ducing his character to Gerutha. Fengo
succeeded In persuading ber tcirry blm.
Fearing now (est he sho I fall the
next victim of lib uncle's 1 i, Am
leth feigned to be an Imlteclir.
Sent to England ly hi uncle-stepfather
for treatment of his malady. Amleth dis
covered a prearrangement between Fengo
snd the English King to compass his
death. Returning at once to Jutland, he
slew Fengo with the tatter's own sword,
which he obtains In substitution for his
which was locked In Its scabliard.
Sich. was the brutal and rather unin
spiring ory which toe genius cfr Shak -s-P"-are
made into a naWe tragedy, opulent
with every trtasure of the Imagination
whleh Ws Intellect could lavish upan the
Ir' connection with this story It Is In
twestlng to note, in support of the theory
pt a historical basis for the play ot
"Hamlet." that near Randers. In Jutland,
there Is n place called Amelhede (Ham
let's Heath), a reach of water called
VKX'b Sand (Fengo's Sound) and a de
clivity known, as Fegge's Kllnt (Fengo's
These axe all local names, retained un
changed from an original In the remotest
past; and such Is the hold of the char
acter upon the Imagination of men one
likes to think, that they are true relics of
a real Hamlet
Regarding the statu o and Its future sur
roundings, the photographs printed with
this article rpealc. better than words.
The status Is a finely characteristic
piece of Danish art: unaffected In concep
tion, ruggei't masterly -and yet with the
stamp of exquisite Imaginative Insight In
the denotement ot character In the por
The rough foreground of old hewn atone
In the picture of Kronboig Castle Is the
ancient battlement upon which Shakes
peare laW.tbo scene of Hamlet's meeting
with, his father's ghost, snd the "grave of
Itaralet" and "Ophelia's rprtng" hare
been for so many generations known as
such that for all any min will ever know
they actually figured In the real lire story
of these two characters.
I hope they Vd: If not there Is eo harm
done If they got tbelr names In a fiction.
There are many Instances of the erec
tion of statues far from the birth lands
of famous men who have delighted and
enriched the world by their works. Shakes
peare Is already represented In Paris.Wel
raar and many American dties. Goethe
In Vienna. Linnaeus In Antwerp and In
Palermo, Tborwaldsen In Rome and In
New Tork, Hans Christian Andersen to
Chicago and Dante In Berlin.
But this erection ot a statue of Shakes
pears on the very scene of his and the
world's greatest plsy Is the outcome of
as happy a thought as evert Inspired tie
perpetuation of a great man's memory.
The names of the original committee at
Elsinore comprise almost ue wholo lit
erary and theatrical world of Denmark.
Those wishing to contribute to the com
mittee's fund for casting the statue in
bronze may do so throughJ. E. V. Leer
been, Esq., Lieutenant Colonel, Consul
General for Denmark. Tork.
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l-fyftfe it imlmi f,rra MI agliWVH
'Wlilffl ft lSUm.fAirIJrlmtfii
Mannerisms Caused .
by Gianging Styles.
Ease With Which- Clothing of To
Day Ib "Worn Eliminates
WRITTEN FOR Tnn SCNDAT RSPtTOUa
70 those of us who are Interested In
the study of the ordinary phases of hu
manity," said the observant old gentle
man, "there Is. perhaps, nothing more
astonishing than to note the change that
dress brings about In one's manner. To
be a little more definite, let me put It
In this way: The change of style In
clothes affects the mannertans of the
"Why. I hadn't noticed If exclaimed
the hopelesily matter-of-fact person.
trying to appear Interested as well as
surprised by the old gentleman's state
ment. "Well. I suppose yon are not of suffi
ciently advanced age to have observed
the fact of which I speV." added the
elderly one. "Bat Ib ray case It ha made
quite an Impression.
"Now. for instance, we will take the
case of a man tin. The stately, grace
ful deliberation of old went with the de
cadence of snuff-taklfig. That, you see.
required time and a certain knack of the
thumb and other fingers. The ts with
which a cigar or a cigarette can be
lighted Involves no grace or, charm of
manner. Men In these times are brusque
of manner: may not the wearing of thick
and clumsy shoes have something to do
''Bat It Is In the case of women that we
see the Idea fully exemplified. The man
nerisms of the fairer sex -vary with the
changes of fashion. Let me Indicate a
few such changes:
"Take the days when the dear things
wore hoops. These gave them a mincing
tread. When they sat down it was with
much skill and grace that thsy smoothed
out their skirts, because, you see. a. care
lessly managed hoop-skirt had an irritat
ing way of flying up unless you were
vigilant. But when the old "pun-hicks'
came in there was a great difference In
the walk of your lady fair. She cent! cot
yet walk very freely; she merely glided.
"When the bustle put In an appearance
another mannerism came In with It. and
every woman fluffed op her back draperies
when she arose from a sitting position.
"Of course, yon remember how, a few
years sgo, when tie girls had a way of
pulllnj their veils very tlcbthr across their
faces, every one of them became 'glmber
Jawed from pulling down their Tells with
their outstretched chins.
"It was not so Tety long ago that a
lady would Indulge the tittle -mannerism
of picking out her huge sleeves.
"Just now, take a girl that Is in the
least embarrassed, or 1st her be a little
more than usually conscious of her per
sonal appearance, and what does she do?
Why. her hands automatically fly to her
waistline. She gives an anxious touch
to the back of her belt, and then, with I
both hands she pushes It down In front. I
There's no doubt that th styles bring
JUSTICE DANIEL M. LEAL
TURNS AWAY WEDDING FEES.
1 -A. ' &' III U WUsssssssV
DANIET. JT. LEAT1.
Who. although a Justice of the Peace. Declines to
' "I consider that the marriage ceremony
Is too sacred to be performed by a Justice
of the Peace. The authority who should
cnite two souls In the bonds of matri
mony is a minister of the gospel, that
one In good standing at that."
So rays Justice Daniel M. Leal, who
lives at Polo. IIL. and who is the oldest
active Police Magistrate in miaols. or,
for that matter. In the entire Middle West.
Ho Is now In his ninety-sixth year, and
is still "holding office In the town where
he has been elected to seven four-year
Before his first term as Police Magis
trate he served one term as Town Magis
trate, so that he has been In position to
perform marriages for over three decades.
But he never encouraged any ens to
seek his good offices for such a purpose.
"In these days when there are plenty of
ministers about, who are always glad to
marry suitable persons. I think that the
business should. In all propriety, be left
to them." he says.
"I know that I never took any stock la
this feature of a. Justice's work. Many
applied to me. and soma I married, but
there has teen no rims X would nt have
have ladles to dine, the gentlemen's cock
tails are somewhat heavier than these
served to the ladles.
"For after dinner liqueurs the ladles
usually confine themselves to creme de
msnthe. kimmel, or grand marnler, a
liqueurs served, I think, only at the St.
Louis Club, though it Is well known In
the East, and abroad. Marlsette Is an
other liqueur which the ladles sometimes
drink: It is a new cordial made from
cherries, and the first I think ever made
from that fruit.
Tou must bear this In mind, however,
where there ore only very; young ladles
present, gentlemen are content to take
their cocjctiils In the room below by
themselves, but where there are older
ladles, I do not. mean too old. yon know,
matrons Z mean, why they always serve
cocktails and cordials to men and women
perform marriage ceremonies.
preferred to have some one else do it.
"I try to practice what I preach. In my
lifetime I have been twice married, and In
both Instances I was married by a minis
ter, and this Is the kind of advice X al
ways give to the young people who are
about to commence a life of wedded bliss.
"It Is my opinion that there are many
people who want to get married who
should not be married at an. and both
license and ceremony should be withheld.
"Thl class of people are unsutted to
each other, a fact that is plainly evident.
If not to them, to those who are ac
quainted with them.
"The law should throw a safeguard
around the holy institution of marriage
for the benefit of posterity and future
generations In this grand country of ours."
Justice Leal's married life has been fall
rf happiness. He was first married to
Mary Ann Post on October 13, Its. and
later to Aldura Flower en March 3. IMS.
He Is the father of seven children and
the grandfather of fifteen children.
Ha is remarkably active fcr a maa
starry 100 years old.
He tried two cases en the day &s ma
$, and recently disposed of aa assaals
and battery case, writing m feJ