THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. OCTOBEB 25. 1003.
THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC.
PUBLISHERS: GEORGE KNAPP & CO.
Charles V. Knapp. President and General Manager.
Georse U Allen. Vice President.
W. B. Carr. Secretary.
Office: Corner Seventh and Olive Streets.
I (REPUBLIC BUILDING.)
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Address: THE REPUBLIC.
St. Louis:. Mo.
E3"ReJeetcd communications cannot be returned under
Entered in the Post Office at SL Louis. Mo., as second
DOMESTIC POSTAGE PER COPY.
Eight, ten and twelve page 1 cent
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Counting-Room Main MIS A 3
Edltori-il Rwect Inn-Room Park liS A C71
murium. They are sutlicicntly expressive to elali
IIh the caliber of the 111:111.
The Philadelphia Public Ledger um hint ii ef
fectively and jutly: "lie is a vulvar mountebank: lit
is :i swaggering, self-indulging, ostentatious, cottr"
mouthed humbug: ln hasn't the glimmer of an Idea
with which to enlighten the world. There have liecii
plenty of uucoutli prophets: but there was never one
.o Miirtiiii.v seltih and hopelessly vulgar as .1. A.
SrXDAY. OCTOHKlt 'Si. !!.
W. B. Carr. Busines'lanager of The St. Louis Re
public, being duly sworn, says that the actual number
of full and complete copies of the Daily and Sunday
Republic printed during the month of September. 130J.
all in regular editions, was as per schedule below:
U (Sunday) 111.2X0
. ....... 10.,G30
H ....1 05.430
O ....... .10-t,T50
IS (SUUllr) HOKtU
1, ............ .104,340
SO (Sunday) 110.HOO
Total for the month 3,l&2,(ao
Less all copies spoiled in printing, left over
or filed 72,033
Net number distributed 3,110,043
Average dally distribution 103.06S
And said W. B. Carr further says that the number
or copies returned and reported unsold during the month
of September was .11 per cent. TV. B. CARR.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this first day of
October. j. F. FARISH.
Notary Public. City of St. Louis. Ma
My term expires April 13. 1903.
The inspection by Mayor Well, sevctal municipal
officials and officers of civic organization of the
stnoke-a bating devices which arc in use in large
plants showed that the smoke nuisance 1 an evil
lhat can be corrected. Tiie party haw that there are
many applfanccs which are ctndeut. and tliat. con
sequently, the statute can be obeyed without great
troimle or too large expense.
Smoke Inspector .Tones has. as Mayor Wells
Hated, met nith much success In uiitig.iting the nui
sance. The air 's far clearer, cccialy near large
plants. Wherever the city experiments have been
made with approved devices the discharge of dense
smoke has been stopped. While any one of the de
vices might not be useful in every plant, there are
so many good devices that there is no difficulty in
having installed one that will produce reults.
In tnith. some owners and managers of plants
have not displayed the right spirit. They have re
fused to install tuuoke-aliatlng device. They have
opposed the lnsieetor. They have protested against
the law. They have tried to avoid fultilling the stat
ute. They have procrastinated. They have de
clared the law ineffective. They have averred that
none of the devices are efficient.
The smoke nuisance will never be done away
with unless the municipal officers receive encourage
ment from the owners and managers of plants. If
Instructions to install devices are complied with
In good grace, the nuisance will be abated in a com
jiaratlvely short time. If the law is contested and
delay In obeying it l practiced, a longer period will
elapse before satisfactory results are realized.
Mr. Jones should renew his campaign against vio
lators with greater visor. In his work be should
have the Mipport of business associations and civic
organizations. It has been demonstrated that there
are many devices for couMitnlng smoke. Different
firms should take pride In abating the smoke nui
sance. The municipal officials should not lie com
pelled to urge the law. The matter is now presented
from a standpoint of pride and cleanliness, and prob
ably larger success will be noted in the near future.
TEST OF DOWIE.
Religious movements which stir great masses of
the people command the attention of all serious ob
scrvcts. Especially true is this when one man's
magnetism, or sheer force of will, enlists thousands
to do him reverence. Knowing that all the great
teMgions of the world have had their beginnings in
this manner, bvlng the fruit of the sesl sown by one
leader or prophet, it is conservatively that judgment
is passed upon a contemporaneous activity of the
Whether John Alexander Dowie is merely an uu
tiMiaUy eiiert niouutebnuk or au unrefined exhorler
whose purposes excuse his vulgarities, or a kind of
heresiaich of significance, or a hypocrite aud grafter
. this is a question upon which there may have been
doubt in the minds of many. The invasion of New
York has been regarded as a kind of trial of the
man. outside the vicinity or Chicago, where he has
long been condemned without any reservation. It
must be said that the antics at Madison Square Gar
den put him in the some unfavorable light before
the nation at large.
Beings accepted as prophets, as said, have laid
the foundation for the religious thought of milllous
since the world began. But, nowadays, when an in
dividual sets himself up as a prophet he, to say the
least. Invites criticism. Most assuredly, a prophet
should be far and away above the ordinary mortal.
-Dowie In proclaiming himself as Elijah the Ite
storer perpetrates a "whopper." If. in the most
limited sense, he would "make good." his demeanor
and his expressed thought must bear some relation
to his immense assumption. "You're a pack or thieves
theIot of you," he says to Ms audience. "You all
Hc:"ni clean the lot of you liars cut. I may 'not
be beautiful with my fat stomach. Methodist, Pres
byterian, Baptist and Episcopal churches are all
honeycombed with Masonry and they are the curse
of (fed " These are among his ntterances. chosen at
(lood government lias made eiienue of lis vic
tims. With their friends and followers they will
make desperate efforts to change the couip:c.lon of
the movement for order and progress. Failing
establish false i.ue. failing tn implant irrelevant
and minor phages instead of !tiixirt:uit. actual fae-
tnr. and failing to gam suliatitinl recognition, they
ill assail the foundation of the movement and even
the characters ami reputations of the leaders.
AH jiolltical revolutions produce leaders Iiic
words and rei-ords an- the guiding signals of the re
spectable eleuiet't of citizenship. The-e leaders have
assiduously ami devoutly practiced the principle
which they aiH-ate. They have earned the tiiui-
rience of the public and an" deemed worthy of re
spect anil tni-i. Their espousal of tlie tiuc and
their attitudes in tfte course of a stniusle senc
cnllchteu the lovers of good pivcnuiieiit in (ll-tiii-guNhlug
between the right-ami the wrong, the true
and the faNe.
The great reform movements encourage and de
velop individual prominence, and the work a.l
characters of the well-known citizens who :irivie
and lead are of inestimable lieneiit lis achieving re
sults. But it is sernmn that a grave Nsue of prin
ciple depends for ratilieatioli entirely niton the per
souality of one leader or upou tlie reputations anil
la 1 xir of a few sincere campaigners. Sometimes,
however, an issue of principle Is Inseparably assts
ciatcd with a purlleiilar individual.
Except In rare cases the public cannot afford to
put its whole faith in its leaders. When, however.
a reliable guide is discovered, he should not lack
general and anient supixin. Leaders may appear
and riisapcar with the vicissitudes, or politics, but
the principle hmiii which they stand will endure
from year to year. While coiilidciHv and siipiMirt
should be given to men who have demonstrated tie-"'
claim upon resiectable ciiizens. the priueiplcs must
be kept dear at heart.
The incidental reverses of the reform movement
should not detract from nor impede the general suc
cess. On the contrary the minor reverses, which
eaunot be prevented, should In- accepted iu good
spirit aud so as to inculcate greater, tinner steadfast
ness. They should make tiie union or sentiment all
the more close. They should cultivate larger, let
ter harmony, and they should bring aliout more viz
orous initiative from the reform ranks.
The respectable clement of cilizcuship. which
the element licit is rcsiiousjiiic for teforui and ad
vancement, must remove many obstruction before
the practical ideals can be realized. These ideals
will not be realized nnle. the confidence of the cit
izens remain unchanged and the Interest in reform
be retained. Frequently tine distinctions may have
to lie made. Citizens favorable to good government
will have no difficulty in kuowing wlmt to think
and do if they will keep the principles iu view.
discretion or diplomacy in u,uir rt.atment or the
rinding public. They should restrain themselves
fiiim usltig the hammer to destroy the Idol. They
should allow their hair to grow long and. iu iiiiig
for photographs., should chooe a literary attitude
like that of Hall Calne. who In ,is pictures I con
sistently 'bending to hi. defc." his brew furrowed
and his piers Uttering desk and floor. "Caught In
tlie act" nin always lie affixed to the photo .ipprif
printeiy. They should at Ient simulate lhe part.
But. along comes J.-K-k London, that sticiessful
painter of the strenuous, ami "confesses" that the
only attraction tn htm Iu writing tiooks was the
money to be made at it. oh. Jai-k. how inuld you:
Mr. Ilowells's plaint was as much as to say that
the construction of a work of liction lia conic to
be a matter of tiicclianli. a trade to be learned, and
that the public gives hardly more of reiect and
credit to the author or a iNipular novel than to the
autlHir or a INipular patent medicine. The reverence
relr by the va-t. admiring audience or a Hawthorn",
an Iring. a Scott, a Thackeray, a Dickens, is not
disccrrilito among the thousand who now skim
through the works of a Honells. Tor Instance. Since
Mr. HowclLs is sjMiusor ror the contention, it might
lie charged that he is a irille chagrined at the fact
that n marked apathy i evinced toward many of
Ills, productions. Such an aii-u.ation could Ik argu-ni
In refutation were it not for this horribV confirs
ston by .tack Loudon Jack London, but lately in
the calcium, object or our most recent adulations,
freshly bathed in the praises heaped upon "The Call
of the Wild." Mr. I.oiHiim's.i'Iter.iry habit of calling
a spade a skiiIi. of ambition to picture merely the
truth, is commendable enough. But tearing away
the veil from the sanctum, refusing to diemble 111
the art-for-arfs-sake role; for thl. Mr. London, none
may forgive jou.
Mr. London did more: he described lhe wlmle
i)lri-blooried alteration by which lie "went after'
literary Juniors. He was "broke." He tackled the
mamzities and "butted in" to their columns. Noth
ing could stand before such zeal and he "won out."
(I'oori: but would it liave not licen far more interest
ing, far more toward the tcrpctuatiou or the dignity
or ltclles-Iettres. iimld lie have Ihiii lookiil upon as
a genius, somewhat as the Inty Cliattcrlou': Mr.
I-oniloii. mo.st emphatically, hits sinned against more
than the unities in talking alsmt mere, sordid, se
ductive, repugnant, insidious, mercenary cash.
ENGLAND'S VARIED ATTITUDES TOWARD
U. S. GOVERNMENT AND ITS PROGRESS.
JB1T HT-KIvlTr THTTESTOIT IFJEOIKL
WltlTTK.- TOIt T11K SI'XIHT KKITBI-I''
American, both North ami South, h ive
quallileil their .-elmlnitiwn of i;i.i.NIoii-i.
sreut career by only one .on-il-rallon.
antl that Is the eoni(ieratloii of hi ul-
lltU'I o rather hts two HllltiKlrs to
ward thb countrr durins the Civl. Wur.
In all els they have freely admiied hi
He broke fhiun ll- imtrinr at "lltlel
cimte by Klvlnc iiMiiltoml suffruKe to the
niple of (treat Britain.
lie fearleirly attacked oire.-ioii ami
tyranny, whether It was Autrian onni-'-skn
In Italy, or -Turkish ownvs-lon in
th- nalkaiif. or Knslish f)itreil.ni in Ire
land. To eml the latter he socnnt-ml ollk- aixl
popularity, ainl ill.I before he aw hi
work liear fruit. He wa. on the vhole.
sincere and IwM. and a lover of Juntlee.
Yet when the Civil War broke out In
the I'nlml Stale, ami during the four
i-ars when It raced, he remed to be
neither sincere nor boM.
The South appeared likl t sueored.
anl (lUd-tune aci.eptel with cnmi lacviiey
the awared fact of Hh sueee!.
"Jeffetson Da-K" he wiM in I"arHamnt.
"has createil a nation." Olddtcnewus a
IJveirool man. and Uverpoel wns the irt
from which the Confederate commerce de
stroyers went forth to sweep the seas
clean of American shilling.
Here the I-ilnis ImiIU the rains that
were Intended to ntek the blockade es
taUihI by the North.
Oreat commerrial inlfrlls fuvoretl the
i'onf:lerar. and Gladstone fell the In
itio n..- whlih ihe exerted
When the let of those KiiKllliin-n who
h el pun liu-d I'onfeilerate lajndi was
ublNhnl. (IheiMnne'r name appeareil
That i what the uphotilen of lhe I'tilon
innHuinl ui aain.t him for many years.
Rut Inter In the war. when the Southern
caue liejcan to show signs of c"tlupe.
then Gladstone fae.d aluill alHl took an-
1 other lew of It.
!( diseoterefl that the -omnurciul In
ter sts of Great Ilrltalii as a whole would
lie servetl by a vtctury for the North.
Also he ran- that lie j likely to be
on th lo-lns -le. o while Ju'tif)Ing
the rlsht of the Siuth to secede, he ex
pljisl th.it the reason for its eeestoii
whs itijidetiuate. Then he threw his In
fluence nt-ilnr: ine Conf ederacj .
And till" Is why the people of the Fouth
had reason to withhold ansllnleil praise in
estimating his i-arrrr
Jlr 3Iirle's jcrt: it "Ufe of Gladstone."
which has mt ar-ieareil. wilt 1" sencrally
refertel to as llkelv to contain some sort
of a ilefrnsr of thbt hlf tlntc ifilley. But
the ilrfense Is only puttial.
It leae Gkidstone still in the position
of one who trims hi" arguments so as to
ls always on the winning skle.
He H! not. like John Ilright and
Thcma Hushes, take his -.tatsl fairly and
UnreIy uNti prilM.-ite at the er out
set. He bad a wonderful admiration for the
American I'otisiltutton after it had sur- j
ied the war. When it "was In danger of
destruction he tood cautiously aloof.
The whole episode Is rather iharacter-Ntii-
of Kngland'.s general attitude toward
the I'nited States for the past sixty years.
When all goes well with us we have no
better friends than Inglishmen. When
ttouble heaves in sight they seem to lean
with suspicious eagerness at the conclu
sion that we are going to smash.
They were certain that the .Mfticaiis
would defeat us in 1SK. They-alluded mer
rily to the" "Ms-United States" in lSt.
They thought that this country was jolng
bankrupt during the Black Friday irisl.
ami again in l&T.
When Coxey's "army" began Its farcical
march on Washington the Knslhth editors
wagged their head? ominously ami saM
that it was like the march of the Paris
mob on Versailles at the bloody birth of
the Frerch Revolution.
When the war with Spain began most
Kngilshmcn had come to see that the
Amem-in rtepulrfic was not llkelv to
strike its flag to Spanish prowess, et
even then some of the most Influential
Journals In London figured out on paper
that the American Navy was. obviously
So. after all. in this respect. Gladstone
was fairly representative of his country-
men. lie strong and rich, and they will '
give you infinite consideration.
When things go wrong, they will give
you what the Germans most expressively
ropyrUht. cs. by W. IT H-atst Grat
I'riuln rlsthu reserved
lty providing for a Itoodlers Day at the World's
I'alr the management would Insure a large at
tendance from the large cities, and prohalily from
foreign countries, where fugitives dream of their
rar-away liouies. As a feature of the event there
might Ik? speeches on phMscs of Imodling hy the chief
Iiootllcrs of the principal piuuidpalitics. Iu order tn
add further Interest I'rosecuton-i Folk. Jerome and
Ilenccu anil a few faithful good citizens might lie
induced to be present.
MANY AND BEAUTIFUL PRIVILEGES
CIVILIZATION BRINGS TO WOMAN.
BIT ELLA -WHEELBH -WTLCOZ.
Ssijs "'llie Jtoss" in Satnrday livening I'ot: "Al
ways go with th" current: that's the tirst rule or
leadership." Which tnrrentV Call it currency and
all ambiguity is removed.
Citizens of Missouri will not rest until tin- great
battleship which is to carry the name or the Stale
into home and foreign lwit iMisessj- a testimonial
signifying the pride and appreciation of our iKtipie.
I'roni .,-..(") to SKLihui woutd provide a splendid
gift. Tlie Itepublle has subscribed 51i and asks
St. Louis Is having a touch of the "wild west
wind, breath or autumn's;, lielng"atiil all iluit. Out
In the country, the leaves are turning "yellow, pale
ami hectic red": and in a few more days they wMI
be chased by the chill blasts "like gliosis before au
The eternal renewal of the seasons or tl'e secch
or nature's moods. Is never more insistently impres
sive than In October. Iu Ottolicr there st-cius to
occur the cri-is of the entire twelve months.
Abloom and aglow in the spring, tlie year coiitinuos
iu festive garb throughout summer, toned down
somewhat, but clad in the cooler, the verdant, the
healthy colors, retaining the strength, though
gradually losing the buoyancy, of April. Mav and
June. Summer is the robust ieriod. when shine
'out the pride in fecundity, when the countryside
fairly shouts in its consciousness of maximum
utility. In October the crops have lieen garnered:
the iM-st efforts have been put forth and the harvest
reaped. Then, as ir to hide retrngn.on. attire of
brilliant hue is donned: but. from the physical view
Iiolnt. how pain is the moekcry and sham! it is
the passing into seared old age. It Is the phos
phorescence of decay.
What reason Is there in the Iong-accepletl notion
that the old year dies and the new Is lioni In the
middle of winter? Clearly, life slips away iu the
beantirul Indian summer aud passes out in No
Is it that, when the productive ieriod Is iasscd.
when even masquerading In autumn's reds aud yel
lows is no longer iiossihle. life must be coinpletisl
amid the walling winds aud wandering In the
naked woods? Is It that, shorn of all adornments-,
the year must contemplate Itself a skeleton hopes
dropped away, fallen, buried? Is it that truly "tlrst
our pleasures die. aud then our 1ioim-s ami then our
fcars"-aml that the trial by lire, the tost of the
Tears, is In the fmst-uhitcd wilderness of deserted
age? Is it that the sidereal siwrk mut die ami
must be Iiorn. mut perish and must develop, iu the
evason of lia renness ami solitude? Is it that in tin.
simple matter of tlie year's ileatli and birth is one
of those paths leading plump against the opaque
mystery or the beginning and the end?
Itather big questions and altogether too gloomy!
The capers or the wet wind, up to date, have
given us thoroughly brisk and enjoyable weather,
suitable for farewell trips to the golf links ami the
tennis courts. Moreover, eien the melancholy days
are nuts and apples to the football heroes. Ami
what difference whether or when the old year
shuttles off its mortal coil? For man. young man at
least and young woman, too the year can be made
one continuous round of spring: and for the old
man.-well. It is. his affair.
The Itcaper at this, season discards the flowing
gown and scythe. In iwds. shin-guards and mole
skin suit he summon the fated to their doom.
The Japs have placed their fightlns Admiral iu
command, which argues probably that he i a fight
Now comes l.ewi Nixon and makes the case look
worse for Carnegie's black-hnired Imy. Schwab.
When they want a good man they conic to St.
Louis-Howard Klliott. It. J- Wincliell.
The battleship "Miouri" If the fastest In the
navy. Missouri kci'iw the pace.
WRlTTK.N Kill: TIIBSr.NDAT ItEPUBLIC.
Tltere ! great sorrow in China when a
girl child U born.
In monarchies where titles and estates
SO to the first born male, there Is alo re
gret and sorrow over the arrival of a fe
Here in America there Is little of that
Sometimes a girl laby is wished for by
both patents, even when only one child Is
rtarely. save in a family where there
are no males. Is a girl unwelcome.
And this Is as It houM Is?, for to be a
woman In this country and era means to
enjoy a great privilege.
Many women env men their opportuni
ties and freei'om ami Independence. To
me the advantages of life always seemed
on the woman's shle.
I have watched the world's treatment of
the two sexes with Interest, and my ideas
have not changed upon the subject they
have only strengthened with time.
With half the mental endowment, a
young girl will be regarded as a bright
particular star when her brother is not
noticed. Girls are sotial favorites at an
age when boys are considered nuisances.
Girls are excused from scores of obli
gations reeling upon their brothers because
they are girls-
-The young1 girl who loses her mother
finds scores of motherly women ready to
be kind and thoughtful toward her. while
the orphan boy passes on unregarded.
In business much mere leniency is shown
woman than man.
In the matter of morals the world de
mands more of woman than of man. and
finds less excuse for her errors.
In this one respect man meets with
more privilege and charity than Is her
Hut while we would like to see his lib.
ertles restricted", we cannot wish her
Ideals lowered to his standard.
The center from which all real happl
ne.i In life must radiate is the home.
Therefore, how great is the privilege to
I a home-maker. No girl Is so humbly
born or so poor that she cannot help to
brighten and better the Jt)0t where she
Bven the orphan asylum has been made
to seem like home by the sweet and gra
cious spirit of some Inmate, her cheerful
ness, good will, gratitude and affection.
For the girl child born Into a real home.
however humble, the opportunities are
There Is something In a sweet and loving
woman's atmosphere which Is all-pervad-Ing
ami never ending.
I recall a home where mony was scarce,
the fear of debt ever standing at the
threshold, and where there was lack of
health as welt as lack of wealth to drive
pleasure from the hearth.
Yet the beautiful and unflagging cheer,
mirth ar.d hope of one woman made the
home a haven of peace and happiness to
ail who passed that way.
She has gone onward, but I never think
of her or even of the town in which she
dwelt without feeling a waft of perfume
from space the perfume of her beautiful
She left behind her the Influence of gen
tleness, charity and hope, and all these
qualities are expressing themselves In her
children and grandchildren.
What man on God's earth ever enjoyed
a greater privilege than that to make
sunshine In shadowed places, to keep
cheer where fear was striving to enter, to
laugh away trouble and make a Jest of
care, and to mold the minds of growing
children so that the second and third gen
erations should be happier and better for
Surely when one fragile woman In a
country town could do so .much for her
own and for others we need not call
woman's sphere limited.
To be a good daughter, even If parents
are not good: to be a good wife, even It
the husband Is not good; to be a good
mother and mold good children as the
really good mother can all these are
greater achievements In life than any our
millionaire monarchs or our Generals can
To shine In high society and keep a
clean record; to be a daughter of wealth
and refinement and keep a tender heart
and a broad. Iovins nature: to be gifted
and successful and to keep simple of heart
and full of sympathy, and to be popular
and admired of men and to compel their
respect all these things women can do
and make the world better as they go
Yes. it Is a great privilege to be a worn-
an to-day. and here.
With the freedom and liberty accorded
her. there Is no height she maynot reach.
no good she mav not do. no happiness she
may not win. for to be useful. loved and
respected la to be happy.
CopjrUht, 1MJ. by TV. R. Hnt. Great
Britain Rights Reserved.
Iondon Letter in Clik-ago Itecord-Hcrald.
Tltere have been many changes, at Windsor Castle
since the death of Queen Victoria. Nearly all the mem
bers of her household, her attendants and servants, have
been retired and pensioned oft, and Parliament made a
grant of no).00 a ear to give them annuities. Kven
her horses have been turned out to grass and will never
wear harness again. SJeveral of her retainers are still
living la Windsor, others have been taken carr of at
Hampton Court and Kensington Palace, which fur a
century or more have been usi-d to accommodate poor
relations ami pensioners upon the crown. More than a
hundred families are living at Hampton In free quarters
furnished by the Government In Cardinal Wolsey's old
luiUre. Some of them are retired army officers and
others superannuated clergyman, ami some are the
hhlows and families of snMIers and officials of the late
Queen. Kensington Palace Is filled up In the same way.
Queen Victoria and Iwr parents were living at Kensing
ton under such circumstances when she was elevated to
the throne. Her father, who hail been Governor of
Gibraltar, was a useless poor relation and a nuisance, so
he was given a suite of apartments there and a small
amount of money provided he would agree to behave
himself ami not both -r the" Kinc Whenever I have seen
oung women about those palaces I have been reminded
of Queen Victoria's early life and privations. The pres
ent Queen of England bad a similar experience. Her
father. Kinc Christian of Denmark, also was a poor
relation of his predecessor, and. of course, was regarded
as a nuisance, because nobody ever thought of his corn-in-;
to the throne until Parliament discovered that he
was next of kin to the dead King.
INTELLECT IS NOT CONFINED TO
MANKIND, ACCORDING TO M. FOREL
BIT G-AR-RETT Is. S-H3E1VT:SS.
WRITTK.V FOIt THE Sl'NDAY RF.riUJUC.
One of the raot valuable of recent con
tributions to the study of the mind Is a
volume of lectures by the Swiss naturalist.
August Forel. on the "Isychlc Powers of
Ants and Some Other Animals." a transla
tion of which is being published In "The
This work is a very considerable, con
vincing and interesting addition to the evi
dence already In hand that Intellect. In
stead of being confined to human beings,
or limited to the vertebrate kingdom. Is a
characteristic of insect Hfe.
We must recocnlxe. as Mr. Forel says.
that ants and bees, though they "differ
very widely from ourselves In organlxa
tlon. have come, through so-called con
vergence, to poess In the form of a so
cial commonwealth a peculiar relationship
In view of the facts that he ptesents. it
Is difficult to see on what ground those
who hold that Invertebrate animals pos
sess no psychic powers can maintain
Especially Interesting Is the comparison
which Mr. Forel makes between the brains
of the three kinds of Individuals of which
THE KALI. OK THE AUTHOII.
I-'or some centuries the literary man has dwelt
upon a pinnacle. The public lias accorded to him
a kind of homage an homage not to be bought, not
the result of the accident of birth, an homage to In
tellect. Now the heydey of author worship seems
to be departing. Not long since William Dean
How ells, the ejenior and most honored of American
novelists, drew attpction through the "Easy Chair"
department or Harper's to the railing away or the
"reverent and persi.slenf e(iridlty conccrnliig'litera-'
ture and the literary life."
It would appear that If our latter-day kuizhis of
the pen desire to retain any part of the Jaurels once
Ctnilstone's nxecullvr Weakness.
Ulack and White.
"Nobody go-s so far as the man wlio does not know
where he Is going," was a dictum of Cromwell's that
Mr. Gladstone appreciated, but never seems to have
taken to heart- In the history of Uberal foreign poHey
slnce 1ST revealed to man) for tlie tlrst time In Mr.
Moray's remarkable biography we have astoundlsg
evhlince of ignorance of fci shonn time after time by
those who talked so magnltoquently about principle
Right up to the fall f Khartoum, for example, the
plana of Mr. Gladstone's Cabinet are shown to have
been based on the vaguest information, and though the
Premier himself is proved to have been less personally
responsible than hitherto has been supposed, he thor
oughly deserved the Queen's angry telegram, sent en
clair. and her later gibe that "Lord North never flinched
from his task till it beeame hopeless: that he then re
signed office, but did not change his opinions to suit tlte
POEMS WORTH KNOWING.
(lur Colonial .Service.
The liability to p-culalion among public offlrl.s at
home must be many times multiplied In distant stations,
removed from direct supervision or the restraint of
public opinion. This hag been the experience of every
Government that has ever maintained colonies. Eng
land's greatest task In the administration of India was
not In the determination of general policies as much as
In the purification of the Indian civil service from' cor
ruption and Jobbery. The Dutch colonial administration
Is notoriously corrupt Spain, while she held her colonies;
abandoned any effort to enforce honesty. When an of
fleer was sent to the colonies he was expected to make
all that he could and as he could, and his subordinates
avallctl themselves of their opportunities In a propor
tionate degree, to the improvement both of the colonies
and of the home country.
so freely bestowed they mst at least exercise seme ptionTf Z iXtlcUn
. .. " Offense.
Detroit Tribune. , ,,.,
As the lady has a bundle of letters for evidence Sena
tor Piatt's offense seems to approximate careless use of
r . ... Seems So.
"Paw. whst-is a political machine?"
Any stot machine. Tommy. They're all under the
ANY have surrosed tliat Tennysesi in tne fet
lowlnx extract from his long poem f "In
MemorUm" was making a pointed reference
to Longfellow's rsra. "The Ladder of St,
Auxtutlne.- already pilnted in this aeries.
When, however, lie was aked the name of
him ''who sings to one Hear barp In divers
tones. he replied. "Goethe " lie could not.
he saM. easily Indicate any concise reference
of Goethe's to the subject of men rlslnx on
atepplrg atone of their dead lves. "but."
he added, "it is hla whole ereed." in the lot
Mania Tennraon expresses hla leve for Ar
thur llenrr Italian, the young man to whom
Tennyson's ltr a betrothed. The title of
this poem means "la memory of."
HELD It truth, with him who sings
To one clear harp in divers tones.
That men may rise on stepping-stones
Of their dead selves to higher things.
I sometimes hold It half a (In
To put In words the grief I feel:
For words, like Nature, half reveal
And half conceal the soul within.
But. for the unquiet heart and brain.
A use in measured language lies.
The sad mechanic exercise.
Like dull narcotics, numbing pain.
In words like weeds TH wrap me o'er.
Like coarsest clothes against the cold:
Hut that large grief which these enfold
Is given In outline and no mote.
an ant colony consists, viz., the queen, the
males and the workers.
Observations of tho ants in their dally
llfo have shown that there Is a notable
difference in the Intelligence of the three
The workers stand at the head In this re
spect, "excellins In complex Instincts and
In clearly demonstrable mental powers
(memory, plasticity, etc). These are much
less developed in the queens.
"The males are Incredibly stupid, unable
to distinguish friends from enemies and In
capable of finding their way back to their
-In the nnt. a In the htlmln Vtelne Ih
rTKln Is the organ of intellect, and Is de-
4e''Ped in proportion to the amount of
The queen, apparently, needs 6ome of
Jtne Intelligence of the worker, but the
males, whose sole function Is to Insure
he continuance of the tpecles. are mere
ly large-eyed, brainless creatures with
highly developed sense organs.
M. Forel adds also many instructive ob
servations on the ways and peculiarities
of ants and bees, and records various ex
periments to prove that they possess mem
ory and other mental traits, and what at
least resembles the power of drawing; In
ferences from experience.
CDpyrlsht. m by W. n. Hearst. Oreat Brit.
aln rletts reserved.
; TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
TO-DAY IN ST. LOUIS.
I hold It true, whate'er befall:
1 feel It. when I sorrow most;
TIs better tc have loved and lost
Than never to have loved at alt.
From The Republic, October ss. 17
The Worklngmen's party noml'
nated the following city ticket- Kor
4 Judge of the Circuit Court, W. II.
Horner; Criminal Court Judge. II.
l5. ItuRhIln; Circuit Court Clerk.
Ctmrles F. Vogel: Criminal Court
Clerk. Peter Cady; Judge of Court
of Criminal Correction, C. C Slm-
mons; Clerk of the Court, EL II.
Richardson: Coroner. Hugo Auler;
Sheriff. Frank Hackhoff; Recorder.
C W. Irwin; Public Administrator.
M. D. Lewis: Prosecuting Attorney,
J. R. Harris: Assistant. J. II. Jolm-
son; Councilman. T A. Post. As
In the case of the Socialist party
nominations, some of the candidates
selected were on the Republican
ticket, and the fualon element was
General ri T. Mitchell departed
for Southeast Missouri.
Barbara Schneller. a servant, sued
Edgar C. Lackland for C0.0O) for
alleged malicious prosecution, grovv-
Ing out of a robbery.
Captain T. B. McCoy's company
of police reserves won first priz In
a. competition drill at Atlanta. Ga.
d Contracts to nave St. Louis. Cam-
d ble and Gravoh, places were award-
r nl to Franz Grimm and Jacob
Mrs. Elizabeth Halleker sued the
Pacific Railway Company for J2H-
000 damages for the death of her
son. Benjamin J. Helleker, who was
e killed on a picnic train.
Professor Smith of Washington
University and Colonel Flad. presl-
dent of the Board of Public Inv
provements. lupectcd a machine for AS
making Ice. The apparatus was. In- 4
vented by D. L. Holden at Chris's
S brewery. A
Im- s iji
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