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THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. OGTOBER 25. 190:
IS THERE A GREATER NUMBER
EACHERS IN 3T. LOUIS THAN IN
WRITVBN FOR THE 3UXDAT ItEPl'UUC
"A great number of the vocal teacbers
-1 su ICOIs are Irapctrn anl ruin liun-
jniircls cf voh-es anniuilly." declares SIsnor
Enrico Cyranl. h prominent- tearher who
priars esclu?lelv for the,-taj;e.
The vuft roaioriii are l.ck(B only for
i lie monf . There f-omes .gtrt" In fruru
Mime roftmry town who hip liad her
iice tracied by the be looal teacher.
She may have nothing to reeommend her
t a better teacher. nnU her voice may
holly Jack quality, jet ?he Is taken Into
the foM. her volc treated by the method
which the conservatory to nhk-h she goes
hit uon us thi tiroper one then in tuo
joars or thre he U sraduated.
'Then she goe- home to teach others.
"She rausi earn her Hvlns and vlie
teaches slnsln? nithout ever haIns
learned to tins.
"A case Id point is that of u well-known
actor in St. Louis. He had a good ok-e
and an engacin; staxe presence, together
ith the artistic temiietament that is
absolutely a necessity for success iu oper
"He thought that he might be able to
Improie- hla voice, which was reasonable.
nd beKan to take lessons of a teacher
In M. Louis who prepares for the stage.
TALK FI-UKNTTy- HUT NOT
U1SEUY ABOIT TECHNICALIT1KS.
"'fter two vears what Is the result?
His voK-e is ruined. 1 could mention
a nuint.?- of teachers, some of whom
hac many pupils, wlio ha abodutelv
110 Idea as to the proper tay In hlch
to produce a musical tone. They get to
gether a lot .of technicalities of which
they know only the came, and talk flu
ently, if not wisely, on the pharynx and
larynx, the glottis and the epiglottic but
not orw of them could tell you what part
any of these organs play in tone iroduc
tion. How ran they show another what
they have newr learned themselves-"
Kred W. Xorsch of So. 1113 Grand' ave
nue, when asked his opinion on the state
or voeal teaching- ia St. Louis laujlw)
There is no doubt." he said, "that a
xreat number of thoe posing as teachers
and accepting fees from pupils could be
rroscuti-d for obtaining monev mnler
"One pupil ti,l, me that h had to take
a lesson when th was slated for it or
lore K. and that her teacher, profes
sor.' she railed him. i-ent her to a iloctor
10 nave ner throat sprayed before giving
her the lesson. The vocal cords when -he
came to me a week later were highly In
flamed. TEACHBilS" WHO HAVE
NEVER SEEN VOCAL OIIGAXS
"When a pupil comex to me I make a
thorough examination of the throat, and if
there Is anything radically wrong it must
r-i corrected liefore they are accept'-d.
"1 have known teachers to accept pupils
whoso tonsiLs were ro lante tljat when
they tried to sinff the higher note the
space between the uvulj. which lies at
the back" of the palate, and the tonsils on
tho sides was so small that no use could
1 p Sswa I h ' r
-f?; , " II f ? V 1 A
k i v---- j Aj XV . if
V Mr . -' Mw - - X v M h
T-. ia v i jt a . a k. 'w.i vw . j- - ar va v jw irs. i m tw r. ..
teA s ikiy! i ' - " A - X W , ; f. cte y Jm
be made of the resonance chambers In the
back of, the throat and a perfect torn- was
"There are teachers in Pt. Uul who
have never wen the vocal eoidi In all
their lives; They tench by imitation
," 1 "Some of these insist that a tuill with
P-M hish voice should so to a teacher with a
similar range of tone, ami llkewl-e tlio-e
whose voices are barvtone slMuhl ro to an
alto or a baritone.
'That is alt wrong, and the teacher who
gives such advice or trie to influence pu
pils on such ground teaches by imitation
alone and cannot explain to the pupil how
the organs should be controlled to produce
"Few of the teachers understand what
Is meant by breathing, what organs be
sides the lung are co-ordinated in the act
of taking In air.
"Have you ever seen Melba or Nordlca
breathe They can force the air from
the bottom of their lun and ue all
their lung capacity. Tills contexvrs the
"Contrast with their method that or the
untrained or poorly trained -luger.
The top part of each lung makes convulsive-
movement and force a little of
the capacity of the lungs- Into use. When
this Is used up the air In the bottom of
Abe lungs rushes up. and. Instead of aiding
j2a the sound production, it only takes the
OMaee of that which la used up from the
CS of the organs.
"In other words, their diaphragm aids
them not a bit. while in Melba's case It
1oe tlie major portion of the work. I
jM make a practical demonstration of
hy setting an ell-tralned sinner walk
i: .i against one rxiorlr trained
' Xhe lajter would t't out of Lrcatb. ia
half the distance covered by the well;
OP DIAPHRAGMATIC IIREATH1NG.
"While I do not know the method pur
sued. h oihirs. 1 an tell vou thut which
LI use, mjself." was ihe statement of Mrs.
btella Kellosg Haines.
"In the matter of bieathhig I cannot
tolerate the abdominal sole. n-re are
everal methods of diaphragmatic breath
ing, depending on how that organ Is used
to support the lung".
"I prefer the method with the brace
from the. front rather than from the back
of the chest iavt.
The tone vlioui.1 lie focused on the
front of the pa ate. and the sensation to
the performer l is though the tone wds
coming hi rather than going out.
The 'JvoU should be held up. so that
the stiace behind It. or irxMianin chamber,
as it Is called. ma be used to re-enforce
The rone should sera to bore Its way
through the palate rather tftan come
around it- There Is a distinct tense of
ibratlon in the palate of the performer
that causes this illusion
"As to the proper cariUge when singing,
that taught the cadets at West l'olnt us
the proper Ksition of a soldier I, to my
This consists of standing perfectly
erect, with the abdomen drawn In.
'The lungs are held high and the chin
is drawn in. The eye meet the ground at
a distance of about thirty fet. and under
no ceiisidemllvm is the head to be thrown
back or the chin allowed to point upward.
There Is only one point alsiut tho lips
that I emphasize, and I luxe great trouble
with It. I'upils come to roe who hae
been told to hold the upper lip down.
'This Is not necessary and the natural
effect of the face Is spoiled. Otherwise
the lips are to lie held In proer position
to enunciate the wonts of the ug In the
most exact manner.
'The lsitlfin of the tongue is modified
to suit the Miund. Most of the on els are
sounded on the. tongue, and this organ Is
constantly changing Its poeillon."
THE MOOTED QUESTION.
To set the iewa of all expert on the
vuciil orir.ius. the nose and Ihe tlnxi.it. a
tssiali't in these lines was consulted.
Doctor )-ar K Baeren. pmfesor or
diseases of ihe nine and throat at the Col
lege of I'hyMtiaus and Surgecns. said:
There Is no doubt in my mind that SO
per cent of the money lieing iMid out ror
ocal lemons in su Louis is absolutely
"It would be hard to tind a city Mhere
mor ineHk'lem iiersons pose as vocal
teachers ami vocalists than here.
"If jou couM watch, as I have done, tlie
rehearsals of ;oin of the big choruses
here and see the efforts to attnln notea
that were Impossible Tor the singers, you
would agree with me.
"Yet one of the worst of these strain
ers came to me after a rehearsal and
atked my aid In securing pupils. I learned
that she had taken lessons for two years
while she was a saleslady at Nugent's. A
sale!.lad has to work hard, fa this young
ladv final! thought he would take im an
easier un,. f work. m sh went to a musc
store and a stailonei.
"From one she liougiit a few 'mthoIs
of v.cal teaching.' from the other she
liougl.t printed cards, and set to work.
TRIALS OF THE ACTRESS WHO PLAYS
VV RtTTEX 1-UR THE RXDAY REPLTtLIC.
Mrat-nlghters. even tliose familiar with
the workings of the theater, seated In
judgment upon the Initial essay of en
actress In an untried play, comprehend
but slightly the arduous preparatory
When a manager announces that he will
shortly produce a new play, the tctress.
If she has a personal acquaintance with
him or his stage manasor. Immedlately
calls at the office of the nrm.
Otherwise she urges her claims- through
ono or the other of the draraati: agencies,
and. armed with a letter of commendatory
Introduction, presents hersalf.
When tho actress and the producer come
to a conclusion regarding- the role and tho
remuneration there is still, in nine cases
out of ten. the author to be reckoned with.
Frequently he reserves the right to select
his interpreters so the applicant must
convince him cf her canabilltv to nrolect
Th-SmimHaBMBSM mmcnjjJinjizjjoooamBl. Bto ' 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 n h m h 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 uwHwapp
2tH-B SjTLt I TRYING FOR A HIGH NOTE WATCIILNG ORGANS IN TIIK StTRnOn.
Mf . s r litH Tho l'Bher the note the more twisted the Trick used by inefflclent teachers In place v
Om IpK -tz&i' ' laR mouth. of exact Instruction.
J wmmm mBmwkttaBkWKB II
SECTIONAL VIEW OF ORGANS fSED IN SINGING.
Caitiei of the month and head that work together in the lT'xlui t!ii of a ruuak-al
tone If triHierlv trMtncsl.
She was no more Hltrd to tea h voml mu
sic than a MIfouri mule.
"It Is only a question . f time till !ie
leaves the pmrer quarter, where slie Is l
cated and takes a atiihi m lh Grand
"Glrk have -ome to in fur ojieratlon
which tlielr teachers ren nimended a ne-ct-ar.
when the tact of the matter was
that tlie voice hud been misused until "ill
a prolonged ret wi.uH nrexent a general
breakdown of the vocal organism.
GIRL WHO WAS
LOSING HER VOICE.
"One j-oung woman ramr to m 10 Hud
out whv -he wrns ksii- her volct mimI to
be treated for lioarseiiess. .
"I could see that she hail been straining
bcr voice in fome way or other anl urktd
her what ol.-e she mdhMrSy sang.
"She riflisl that she was an alto, hut
that tier t-.-hr nad lately begun 10 !
velop her 'ii!ter register.
"When I sike to ore of the liei sins-
ers that ever came to St. Lulls about this
uuir awl lower regleter.' Iw soiM; 'Are
ou ieaUln;; of a steam-heated flat . 1 m
THE "FIRST NIGHT."!
his Ideas Sometimes it is na-c- ai for 1
her to give a reading of the part.
Whan tlw. arlrax Hi.a lla n&a .....i ... '
to the suggestions as regards character
ization, make-up and dress, from author,
producer and stage manager, the retires
to her apartment, estimates now her
"sails must be trimmed" to meet the vari
ous winds of opinion and yet steer the
ship In the direction she has privately
marked out, then applha herself to the
memorization cf the words and "business"
of her role.
QUESTION OF DRESS.
Whn rehearsals are well under way
the all important topic of dress la
The leading woman secures lint selec
tion or colors, the "heavy" the next, the
ingenue the third, and so on throuxhout
Lie company with regard to the feminine
" " m costume 0U1- Uu mm-arer
I human vok'e? The list, if more than one
nr. may nave un "uppr legisur.- ou'
this cannot lie applied to the human
"I know a young woman who often slnch
at her frteiHls houxs She had a fair
nice awl et nut to have it rultlvated
sb went ti; a capable teacher, at first, Lut
he k : her "IngiriB riSeregs - lor two
i-HHUti while t-rie ihounht -HF.iHish: to In
"S she went to a '-nervatur' and
.kd If it was mit ii.isll'le to learn to
sing Uy some other eair methN. She
was told that lhv emiM teach her to sing
by the 'ballad loethod.' aul she never King
TeachiiiK sliiKinir l not Mint -more than
train'"! (he istits u-d m tone plo-luctl-m
jj-4 a .m athl- le trains his Tnusa-les-.
"lie gois ihr-mah tra nRitu-altw- cxer-
Na s an other ala-shcnesi ta. 3au4ae his
muss IaT. NDii n ititr1! MHier txerclse.
"S'llglnie goes lrta4Hl utlilallc"! in this.
that amo HMt hare intelligence, latent
anal a Ht vocal im-chanbm or the traln-
, Ine le nsrles."
A LEADING PART.
furnlsha all the wardrobe, but if f a
maelefn periaad the ra-ver-e is the case.
Ocs-aslonallj when the sartor'al ret-trire-mentH
of a nla n ssRitt- a lavl-b oat
lay, the management shares the expense.
i'ittlni; I ranalwtelW In between ra
harss. Dressmakers caMiveir-int with
footllght effects are usually employed.
Therw have been actresses who objected
to a, photographic Improvement on nature,
but they are few anal far between.
At tlie dress rehearsal comes the flash
light yi deal, one much dreaded, for even
Venus would appear haggard under the
glare of this process. Rut publicity de
mands It and the nctrrss must again obey.
At last comes the first night, and the
first day that the actress is not obliged to
rehearse unlesat a last alteration has been
decided upon by author or management
It Is, aiultc likely that the- final dress re
hearsals have been concluded.
They hare been known to begin, at C
M I III 1 I llllll llh !!
.TJET CfiPSJiZ. Or J3SJM,
IlL'SY AT TUB
'o'clock in Ihe evealng and end at that I
hour In the morning. J
And that Is pot considered unusual. I
At 7 In the evening. iis.sbv at th"
actress com-s to the theater to "make '
up." Nervous aptrchen. Ion lias ucJoubt- I
edly preclaJcd th pt-SBlbilily of rtst orl
sleet) darter th: tar. but acorn o tch-'
aaf jj flT rjT",M"TTrSgsai'iir ' (vlwQKUbmbBBmvL&S
J1 i w L
- Z'JT$Ii&'ID J-ZK J'Cr3.rCZfTi' PZHPS.
grams arnl letters of encouragement be
gin to arrive.
The. are pinned on the wall about her
mirror In accordance with a tlme-hon-orr
' ttKM"!' al rustnm
TV 1 kin-t sentiment f rt.fy hee for
tji- r -n'nr battle, and she la Lardly aware
-f rJio night cf time until sne bvara the
call boy asscranciaE "Overture,
L- . rrsr nr 't
gnlrr; a c .. - - with Manager Henrx-
Harri? Z '
Asked how Hhe felt when the curtain
rang up at Wallack's on the opening
Bight of "Mrs. Jack" las: September. MJrt
Fischer replied: "Sa-aslck. Ami." shj?
continued, "when I make my second jut
pajarance as a star at the Oijou Theic
em Januarr S in "What's the Matter With
Sueanf I will undoubtedly feel more'sca
There exIsLs a popular impression that
the playeis sit all night waiting for aha
Brat call of the newsboy n order to leatu
at tho earliest possible moment the Vet
diet of the critics. v
As a mntter of f.i r Ihnv - -a-i..i
r. . 'i.rt"-.ifV. r.v ' - -i''?f'
.haunted by the 'araln of many weota.'
' preparation ami the rnlmlruiting exrHte-
ment of the nm tugit that the reUle
Mien experience-! when tha die Is casr
tSwm unresiwn3,v t0 eUber sucfceS