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THE AKIZONA REPUBLICAN, PHOENIX. SUNDAY MORNING. AUGUST JJ. 1R90.
ion of a Slate
llisiory and Wcconls of the
How it Win Mlsiniuiaveil and Money
Squandered Under Demoerutic
Rule Some Statistics.
Eilltorlnl CnritMiMimlpiico o( The Kkumimcan.
Yuma, August -'2. The Arizona Ten i
toriul Prison in an institution of some
magnitude and considerable interest. It
involves an annual expenditure of alxuit
$50,000 of tin) iH.'ojle's money. Con
uidering that this is nearly 1 for each
man, woman and child in the Territory,
or 5 for every voter, it ia not to bo
wondered that tho taxpayers should
have an interest in thn State institu
tion. It is one of the heaviest burdens
that they hae to bear, as the apgrepato
of expenses for tho past three years,
whieh represents a fair average, shows.
Tho figures as taken from tho books of
the ienitentiary ate as follows:
Total for tlirco j eurs . . JlJJ !M
This shows an annual average of $50,
80:5. The expenses of tho first quarter
of 18SX), as indicated bv the bills audited,
vero $1 1,181, tho higfiest quarterly ex
penditure ever made in tho prison.
The bills for the second quarter, being
Mr. Italian's last, hao not yet been
entered on tho lnioks, but the indica
tions arc that they will run fully as
It is, therefore, not unreasonable that
the people of Arizona should keep their
eyes on tho Territorial penitentiary
nor that they should want to know
something concerning the institution.
Tm: penitentiary is delightfully lo
cated on a hill overlooking the town
and at a considerable elevation above it.
To the north and east the Colorado
leaves the base of the hill on which the
prison is located and to the southeast
the Ciila flows into tho mighty river,
forming a junction just beyond the
prison grounds. The location is most
pictuiesque and attractive. It is just at
a point where tho Colorado has pierced
its way through the hill of conglomerate
rock, 'which bears every indication
of having onco been the river bed
itself. On the opposite bind", in
California, stands old Fort Yuma, now
occupied as an Indian school under the
direction of the Interior Department.
This was one of the largest posts in the
West in its day and one of leading im
portance, especially during the earlier
j ears of the Civil War, when it was oc
cupied by tho California Volunteers.
To tho east and north tho Colorado ex
tends to the mountains, which it lias
cleft to the depth of thousands of feet
and carved in the face of rocky nature
the wonders of the Grand Cation. To
tho south and east is the Valley of tho
Gila, as yet partially barren and practi
cally uninhabited, but pregnant with
the promise of an early awaken
ing and destined to becomo ono
of the richest and most productive val
leys of the Territory. To the south and
southwest is the alley of tho Colorado,
the whilom, turbulent stream now plac
idly and peacefully flowing to tho Gulf,
through the richest of alluvial soil. In the
sweep of tho eye Pilot Knob arrests
attention and marks tho point where
Mexico, California and Arizona inter
sect and where rises an international
survoy monument and whence tho line
between Mexico and the United States
runs duo west toward San Diego. Tho
picture Is n pleasing and n satisfying one,
out it also has a practical Bide. It is just
such a place as a man brained in
penology would select for a prison.
Hemmed in by rivers and open valleys,
escape is almost impossible, as the
history of the prNon indicates. The
drainage is perfect, the surroundings
healthful and tho elevation catches re
freshing and invigorating breezes. The
temperature is never very high and tho
nights nro nearly always cool and pleas
ant. Tins spot was deeded to tho Territory
of Arizona, for penitentiary uses, and
comprises 8.I58 acres. Tho deed was
executed Octolwr 28, 1870. The first
convicts sent hero were confined tem
porarily in tho Yuma county
prison and worked under con
tract until tho first two cells were com
pleted, which was done under V. A.
Werninger, tho first Superintendent.
Slow progress was made in the con
struction of the prison. When Captain
Ingalls first took charge, in June, I8S:i,
but sixteen cells had been completed.
a dining room, kitchen, b.ikeshop and
bath room. Tho workshop was located
in a shed. A wooden stockade fence
inclosed three sides of tho yard, the
blutr forming a barrier in the other
direction. Thero was also a water tank,
pump and pump station.
To this plant. Captain Ingalls added
eighteen cells; a workshop 120x-10
foot, divided into blacksmith shop,
engine room, carpenter, shoo and tailor
Bhops. Ho enlarged tho yard double
its sio by excavating the hill to the
south, and graded and leveled the
ground in every direction toward tho
river. Ho also erected the west and
north walls of tho prison as they now
stand and completed the foundations for
the east side, all of which are of granite
and consumed six months in construc
tion. Ho also built tho Superintendent's
dwelling, tho present ofhco and store
house, bain and five guard stations. Tho
electric light plant now in use was
put in during his first administration of
tho prison, tho electric lel!s connect
ing the guard stations, Superintendent's
dwelling and ofhco with the buildings
in the yard. Ho also bought tho Gut
tling gun which has been found so uso
ful and widened tho main approaches to
Since then tho wall on the west sido
has been completed by Superintendent
Gates ; a sower comploted to a point be
low tho town ; a jhed for wagons has
been erected; cement laid in tho corri
dors and dining room; a guard station
added and tho approach from tho town
widened by cutting away tho hill.
An cirort at broom making was also
attempted, but was abandoned, pre
sumably on account of failure.
It will thus bo seen that tho greater
jortion of the improvements on tho
prison wero made by Capt. Ingalls dur
ing his first term, from Juno, 1883, to
March SI, 1880. His perfected but
partially unexecuted plans wero carried
forward by Mr. Gates, who succeeded
him, but since, thero have not only not
been any additions to the buildings, but
those erected previously have not been
maintained. Yet the oxponses have
been steadily kept up, though tho
number of "prisoneis has not in
creased. What, under the circum
stances, has been done with the
money can bo readily conjectuied,
but w'ill not be fully oxnlained for a few
months. In the meantime, tho fact that
the Superintendent's house, which is
furnished by tho Territory, is long on
champagne glasses and short on water
goblets, may explain matters.
Sinoi: tho penitentiary received its
llrst inmate, in May, 1875, six different
persons have held tho ollice of Superin
tendent, Captain Ingalls being now in
his second term, makim; the seventh
administration. Tho Superintendents,
with tho dates of their service, wero as
W A WvruliiKcr from Anill U, '70 to Juno SO, '7C
(leo.MTliurlott, from July 1, 7C, to Jim. 1.', Sl
O V Mccilon, from Jan. 1J, 'SI, to Juno 12, 'tit
KSIiikaUi, from June 1J, "8.1, to MHrili.11, 'sfi
Thomas (lutes, from April 1, 'Hi, to Aprils, SS
J II Ui-liuu, from April J, 'MS, to Jul)-I,".)
PS Infills, from July 4, 111, to ante.
Tin: piison was opened May, 1875,
and during that year thero wero but
three admissions, one in May and two
in June. The first prisoner was William
Hall, of l'liua countv. lie was sen
tenced for life, on a conviction of mur
der in the second degree. He was
paidoned by Acting Governor Van Ar
nam, on Julv 24, 1881, and is now here,
serving his third sentence to the peni
tentiary, having liccome a hopeless case.
His comrades during tho first year wero
two convicts from Yavapai county, one
having been sentenced for thirty-one
years for murder in tho second degree
and tho other one year for attempt at
Since then, to date, tho Penitentiary
has sheltered 085 convicts, all but 77 of
whom wero committed sinco January,
1882. There are now Mil convicts in
the prison. Sinco opening. 5110 convicts
have lecn discharged, five have gone
insane and ueen removed to the Asy
lum and seven have escaped and have
not Ihm'ii recaptured. I have prepared
a tabic- to show at a glance the com
mittments by the year, the discharges.
insane, escapes, tho total left in prison
at the end of each year and the crimes
of which they were committed, as fol
low s :
: 3 3- St 3. se
A " ' -:2 S SSC . 5t '
? : ?& 3 ": i:
: ' '? ' f '
ts7.i :i a 2i
1S7I. si 10 1 11
IS77 S 4 II 1 1 '.' 'I
17 U . 1 17 1 SI 1
is7'. w r. i in s .1 .' .i
lvso it 5 a7 c. :i !
lsSl 17 n 41 5 1 1
iss- 70 11 KM 'j: I. 1J1I 11
lvM 71 .17 1 a 111 '-V, 3 111 0 .".
Usl ,')7 4'l II.' SI ." s 5 1
Ino w (.1 l in.' :io h s s l
ly, Mi .71 II.') I'l i 11 2 1
17 76 11J 1 Mil is S 17 4 L
lVvS fl ,71 l.'V k s SI S
lss9 75 b.1 2 llV '.Till 'J 4 'J
ls'io si r. l iii uir. io l 3
T'l fA) .'nil ft 71 ill, MS()' l.'7J7 Ti f.
The large increase in crime in 1882 is
accounted for by the fact that the
Atlantic and l'acilic railroad was built
that year and the statistics for 1800 are
to tho close of business last evening,
NeviiIiV one-third of this regiment of
criminals was convicted of grand larceny
and eighty of them of burglary. Of the
085 persons committed, 127 were guilty
oi murder or manslaughter, a very
strong argument against the hip-pocket.
Of all these there aro thirty who were
sentenced to imprisonment for life, of
whom twelve remain. In connection
with the projosed abolition of
the death sentence and the sub
stitution of lite imprisonment in
stead, it is interesting to inquire into
what became of the eighteen men who
wero sent here for life but are no longer
within the wans oj the prison. (July
one of them died in piison, a Chinese,
Quong Sing, who committed suicide.
Ono escapedjand has not been recaptured.
Klcrcn were pardoned, seven of them
by Governor Zulick. One had his sen
tence commuted to tw elve years and has
been discharged. Two obtained new
trials and secured acquittals. One,
anludian, was transferred to the Illi
nois penitentiary ami another, "Doc"
Smart, was transferred to the Ohio State
penitentiary, the general government not
keeping its life prisoners here. Another
life prisoner had his sentence commuted
to ten years and will soon bo re
leased. This is Fred. J. Glover, of Yava
pai county, lioth the commutations
wero made by Governor Zulick. A
tabic- which I have prepared by the
kindness of the prison officials indicates
that, as murder is about the safest of
crimes, few being punished, so the life
termer has the best show of escaping
from confinement. The eighteen life
prisoners, who aro no longer at Yuma,
served an averago of less than three
years, and leaving out the two trans
ferred to other prisons, it still leaves an
average of less than ', years each for the
remaining sixteen. The longest service
was nine years, two months and four
days, and tho shortest seven months
and ten days. My readers can speculate
upon these facts for themselves. They
are full of food for thought and many a
lesson may bo drawn from them. To me
it is clear that if a man has made up his
mind to Dccomo a criminal, the satcst
plan is to become a bad-inan-with-a-gun.
His punishment will bo light. For
those who may caro for such things, I
append tho table. I should remark that
two prisoners sentenced to ninety-nine
years havo been included among the
V M D
w m Hall.
U lloycr. ...
11 II I'otler .
K K Kennedy
J A bliailrtck
() White ...
II K KlKga .
It HI vera
May 'JO. '7ft
Jan. 19, 'S0
9 2 I
scju. f, '77
Apr. 10, ,s
Dec. 15, '7'J
Anr. II. "SO
uee. n, 7S:
Auk. 7. 'S.V
5 3 22
Jan. 31. 'ST
7 7 9
June fi. 'S2
wet. 30, 'M
uee. l, 'H.I
May C. 'SI
1 S 21
:i l 21
rOT. 7, si
Nov. 7. 'SI
J 7 IS
Dec. .1, 'ST.
Dec. 31. V,
May 14. '87
Juno 9, '88
May 28, '8s
uct. 7, -S7
Oct. 21, W
nee 11. '87
J A Johnson
Keti. 10, 'SS
Jan. 10, ".io
en. -a, ;)
May '!. "JO
July 0, "J0
Sentenced to nlnety-nlno years.
Committed to 12 yearn.
Now trial. Dlsmlnsed.
Committed to 10 )carn.
Transferred to Illinois.
Transferred to Ohio.
Tiik commitments, by counties, sinco
tho penitentiary has been opened,
Viium . ....
Si.scr. tho prison has been founded
sixteen convicts have died in it, and
most of them were buried in the little
cemetery in tho southeast corner of the
grounds. Two convicts killed themselves
on tho way hcre.by jumping oil the train.
These were Peter" Doveaux, of Cochise
county, on December 2, 188IJ, and John
Pennington, of Maricopa county, on
December 13, 1885. Tlirco men have
beon killed by accidents, all caused by
tho caving-iu of embankments on
whieh tho men wero working.
A HTATTMuvr picparcd by Capt. In
galls on June 1, of tho present year, is
of interest. Thero wero then 144 per
sons in the Penitentiary. Their of
fenses wero classilled as follows:
Crimes against Person.. . . . 07
" " Property.. 70
" " Public Morals (nature) 1
Tho aggregate sentence, other than
life, was 1013 years, 8 months and 2
day, an averago of 7 years, 8 months
and 1! days. There were eleven life pris
oners then, counting, as previously, the
ninety-nino year men as life termers.
Tho nativity of these convicts was as
Ion a .
15 New Jersey .. ..3
1 New York U
7 Ohio 1
. .. 1 OreKon l
.. 1 rcnnsjivnma
Tciiiii'Rseo. . .
WImoioIii .. .
Scotland . . .
Total Foreign. 7.1
The convicts here given as Mexican
natives wero thoo actually lwrn in .Mex
ico. Those of American birth, of Mexi
ican dc-ccnt. aro numerous and aro
credited to the states in which they
wero lwrn. This showing is not
a pleasing one for the foreign
Inirn hihabitants more than half of
our criminals being from among them.
Tiik penitentiary makes a good show
ing of faithfulness in the custody of its
wards. While thero have been numer
ous attempts at escape, but few havo
been successful and at present there are
but seven fugitives, as follows:
C 3 o
S 4 V
j y, v - Mj
yT - I !d fT e?
ft -" - f- .- CI
b fc s ? ?
- s a a -i P,
o - -
: u J u i
: a a -3 a
-"'" S f a S 8 o J
Js 2 S p ' to
o 2 S a a J "
a B " -i 5
. v c
: Cm . 81
S ? ? B S3 g
- - i l- t-l - t
Five have been shot and killed in
attempting to escape, all of them Mexi
cans. The first, Jose M. Itainirez, was
killed on December 28, 1885, when
eighteen were working in the graveyard
and all made a break for liberty. As
soon as Captain Ingalls brought the
Guttling gun into play, fifteen of them
returned to the prison, one was captured
later, one killed and ono escaped and
has remained in Sonora ever since.
Jose Lopez, murder, Cochise county,
sentenced for fifteen years, was killed
while attempting to escape October 27,
1887. At the same time and in the same
attempt to escape the following were
killed. I.ibrado Pueblo, sentenced for
robliery for thirty years from Pima
county; Fernando Vasqtics, robbery,
from Pima county, for thirty years;
Krekiel Iliistamentc, for grand larceny,
from Graham county, for five years.
miring this outhreak Superintendent
Gates was seriously stabbed. Seven
Mexicans in the plot, surrounded the
Superintendent and attempted to make
him the target for tho guns of tho
In tho history of the penitentiary but
eight men have gone insane, all of
whom havo been charged from tho
lwoks of the prison, but what has be
come of them seems to bo involved in
doubt. It is definitely known that one
or two havo escaped from the asylum.
The prison records show the following
to bo in tho asylum :
5 !2 !o s? $
3 3 g M. M. M. U.
j; ii i
p. p. p. a
X W rfj go i;
s if a f, i-i
i3- p. 5
a a a a a
It is creditablo to the womanhood of thn
Territory that the names of but four wo
men appear upon tho rosters of tho pri
son. There is now but one here. The three
discharged wero Lizzie Gallagher, con
victed of murder in the second degree,
pardoned by Governor Fremont; May
woodman, manslaughter, pardoned by
Acting Governor Van Amain ; Allegracio
Do Otero, selling liquor to Indians. The
only female convict remaining is Man
ucla Fimbres. She has been here since
March 30, 1889. for tho murder of a
Chinaman at Tucson. She is but 21
years of ago and is here for fifteen years.
Her partner in crime is Juan Enriqucz,
who is here for thirty years. An effort
has been made to secure her pardon, but
without success. That she richly merits
tho full penalty given her is undoubted.
She was guilty of a grave and atrocious
crime. It must bo confessed, however,
that there is no place hero for a
woman. There is no soman's ward.
Superintendent Ingalls has now in
stalled her in a cell in the yard and
confined her to a smaller lnclosure
formed by wiro. No other prisoners are
allowed within this nor is she allowed
to go beyond it.
Under Mr. Italian's superintendency
she was allowed to wander about any
where, with the result that she is the
mother of a male child about ten months
West sldcof Church l'liirn; Fluent Iteiitiuiraut
South of Sun Krauclbco.
PRIVATE 111MNC KOOMS, STRICTLY FIRST CUSS.
AI.EX. IIOSSI AM) JOK MICOTTI.
JOHN O. SMITJI,
Oinre: Care U. 8. Surveyor-Ocneral,
U. S. DKPUTY BUitVKYOK.
rilllK SANTA CUUZ VAM.EY HANK,
11. M. JACOII3, .... PilEHlliENT
SAMUHI, HUOIIKS, VltK-l'KEHIDENT
CAPITA!, l-AfTT UP, Vy).
Buys on makes advances on cold
Dust or llulllon, makes aihanccH on City
or County Wrriinlx. Escrow s received. County
and Municipal Bonds Negotiated. Draft! and
Telegraphic Transfers on New YorV,.Chlcapo,
ht. Iuis, San Francisco and IOn Angeles. llllU
of Exchange on all European joints.
Ijirge Flro-1'roof Vault at Service of Our Friends
Loudoii.ruria and American liank, San Francisco
Hanover National Dank,
St. I -on 1b
Union National Hank,
M. 1 FHEEMAN, CASIIIElt.
ST. LOUIS EXCHANGE
CongrcKH at., 'J-'UHOOIl.
FINEST SALOON IN THE CITY.
A Hot Lunch Served Free Every Day
JIMMIK HU0WN, Proprietor.
J. FRANK & CO.,
Wholcsttln Dealers in
DRY :-: GOODS.
II BEST CONNECTIONS EAST
Wholesale :-: Buyers.
GIVE US A TKIAL.'
j. .a., black;
113 ConKroHH St., '.Tuchoii, Arts:.
HOWARD :-: WATCHES.
Finest work ilono at short notice. Orders by
mall or express especially solicited.
old and is again said to be encienU.
This is a deplorable state of allairs, dis
creditable to the past management and
a dishonor to tho Territory. What is to
become of this waif of the penitentiary?
Society will not be tho better for the
rearing it will receive in tho prison.
There should bo some association
to care for waifs Hko this
as thero aro in other communities. This
woman has an 8-year-old child, living
with relatives, and her release might
result in good to tho Territory. She
seems to be an nflcctionato mother and
under proper influences might bring up
her children to lead honest lives.
That tho Italian administration had
no sense of the proprieties and were
thoroughly callous to public opinion is
shown by the fact that tho birth of this
child was made the subject of jest about
the penitentiary. This was only in
keeping with tho low moral tone that
pervaded everything here during that
Of the prison structuro itself, of the
system of discipline and general policy
pursued in the management, together
with Capt. lngall's plans for the future,
I will speak in a second letter. Of
Yuma, as it town, I shall also speak in
future contributions. C. O. 'A.
THE LEXINGTON STABLES, AT TUCSON.
Finest equipages In the Territory
li Sl'l.iUJNUII) B'l'AJIIlrtH V.
Orders may lie sent In from the hotel at the depot
CIIAIU.ES It. WOHES, SlANAHKK.
TUCSON, - ARIZONA.
I'urcliareri of Copjier, U'ad. fallver and Cold ore
ltetnrns made as soon n the Ore Is sampled and
A DM!) 111.
Hales od Ores Can be Obtained on Application
In person or by mail, at the olllcc of the
Works, Tin-con. Ariz.
TIIK MOST ENCHANTING SPOT
FINE IiOATINU Al) F1S1IINO
A ricasant Drive on a Good Koad.
The Only Road-House in (lie Territory
Wm. II. IIAKNES,
JOHN II. MAKTIN,
Wm. C. IIOIISON.
Law offices, Tucson, Arizona
JOHN n. THOMAS,
Wasiiinoton, 1). c.
T II K
National Bank of Arizona.
M. V. KALES, Ircldcnt.
bOL. LEWIS, Vlce-rrcildcnt.
UEO. V. HOADLEV, Cashier.
Capital, l'uitl Up, -Surplus,
M. V. Kales, j. Y. T. Smith, Sol. Lewis
vi,Aiii.E.n hu..mA7,, UKO. Y. JIOAIJLEY.
The Hank of California San Francisco
AKcncyoi jiaiiK oi uuniornla. ., New York
The Farmers' and XlorchantK'Haiik.Los Aneelcs.
TheNutiona nk of Commerce . ..bt. LouU
ConsolliUdN tlonal Hank Tucson
jiaim oi a nzona Prescott
... ji. i.iuiiM;iiiiustv nous IvOiidon
The lnl 25 cent meal In I'lia'iilx.
IIOAIU) II Y THE MONTH
IIOAllI) IIY THE WEEK
WASHIST0. SIKEET, MIT TO CAPIMtStlWS.
THE BEST KNOWN REMEDY.
"Il.tJ.C." (,'iiip !onorlio3n nnil
Oleotln ltor.DnjK, without Tain.
Provents Htrkiure. Contains no
acrid or pohonona substances, and
Is Rtiarantccd absolutely hannlcss.
Is prescribed by physicians and
8oldbyilnitKlst. ltnwnroof Snli
Foil Sale by Peoples' Drug Store, Phicnlx, A. T.
If yon want a map made of your mine go to
Dyer for It. If you want a map of any of the
canals go to Dyer for it. If jou want a sketch
of jour ranch or other property go to Dyer for
It. If you wish to Illustrate a patent right go to
Dyer for It. All work dono at reasonable rates.
Olllco at residence, near corner of Van llureu
and Center streets, Phcrnix, Ariz. C. J, D yek.
A. GOLDSCHMIDT & CO,
AKDEIIS 15 Y MAIL l'KOMITLY AND CAREFULLY ATTENTED TO
Solo Agents for the Victoria Mineral Water, the only Genuine Mineral
Water in thig Territorv.
THE GEEAT EASTEEI.
Wo Have Concluded to Close Out Our Phoenix Hoube.
WE WILL OFFER 0DR ENTIBE STOCK
A.T Hedtjced Prices
UNTIL THE STOCK IS
We Have Closed
Partlcs Indebted to Us
A Bare Opportunity
IS NOW OFFERED TO ANYONE WISHING TO ENGAGE IN
A First-Class Business.
-AS WE ARE KNOWN TO HE THE
-In Our Line In
and Straw I Tats
ENTIRELY DISPOSED OF.
Our Books and Will
Will Please Call and Settle.