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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN: TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL 11, 183.
So many inquiries ore dally being
ftde by persona anxious for imforma
tion concerning tho Salt Hirer valley
ml the territory of Arizona that tho
iehnrnVr of commerce tins prepared and
ynhliehfxl the following list of questions
Mid answers. Any information not
ontained hernin will be cheerfully
furnished by addressing, Bruce Perley,
ecretary of the chamber of commerce,
1. Where is tho Silt River valloy?
In the central part of Maricopa county,
In southern Arizona, comprising the
bnd lying on either side of Salt river,
between the mouth of the Verdo river
& tributary) and the confluence of tho
It river with tho Gila river.
2. How largo is the Salt River val
fcy? Tho valley proper !b some fiity
Biiles in length and nvcrnsea fifteen
Biiles in width, containing 750 square
miles, aggregating 480.00.) acres of irri
gable land, surrounded on all sides by
the foothills of adjacent mountain
8. How does this section compare
with other parts of tho territory? 'the
territory of Arizona is of a generally
Biountainous character very rich in
Biines. timber, and live slock, while the
Bait River valley is devoted to aerlcul
tnre, horticulture and live stock ex
clusively. 4. Wbati the climate? The terri
tory being some 830 miles in length,
Bfirth and south, and the altitude of
th northern portion belnir from 0,000
to 7,000 feet, while that of the Salt
KiTer valley is but 1,050 Jeet the ter
ritory presents a great variety of cli
mate. Ibo climate of tho Salt River
valloy is semi-tropical, with little front,
so hfiow, and moderate rain in the
5. How low does the thcrmometergo
In winter? Very rarely below freezing
point, 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
6. What is the summer temperature?
In July, Aucust and September from 75
t 102 degrees, sometimes going to 110
decrees. The nights are always pleas-
7. What is the avernce temperature
by season? U. 8. elennl report, cover
to); ten years, from 1877 to 1887, how:
Average spring temperature. . 70.5
Average summer temperature. 8!).3
Average autumn temperature. 73.1
Highest temperature 115,5
Lowest temperature 22 5
Average annual temperature.. 72 2
8. How does the heat affect one? A
temperature of 00 degrees in the east
ern states is far more prostrating and
danuerous than the hijrhest tempera
ture experienced In the Salt River val-li-y.
9. What is Iho causo of tho differ
ence? The absence of humidity in the
10. What is tho average rain fall?
Six and thirtv-seven one-hundredth
Inches, confined principally to the win
11. Does it rain continually during
the winter? Only a day or two at a
time, with intervals of weeks of cloud
12. Are the Btorms violent? Thun
dr and lightning are very rare. Cy
ch ea and wind-storms are unknown.
13; Are earthquakes ever experi
enced? "aiightshocks have been known,
but not as frequently as in the Missis
14. How aro lung and throat diseases
aff.'Uted by the climate? Most favor
ably j thia valley is a natural sanitarium.
The worst cases, both from the east and
west, come here with tho most beneficial
wnlts, many of them being perman
ently cured. The climatic desideratum
hi pulmonary diseases is a mild and dry
elltuate. Southern California has a
mild climate, but it is not dry. Colo
rado ban a dry climate, but it ib not
mild. The Salt River valley has a cli-
. amto at once mild and dry Eminent
if:ialistn now recommend the Salt
Siver valley in pulmonary diseases.
15. Do malarial or epidemic diseases
prevail? Less than in any other partof
, the United States. Tho dryness of the
aimoephero is unfavorable to ttiotrans
Biitmion of disease trerms.
10. Aretheroany poisonous reptiles?
Ten. in the adjacent mountains, but ir
riiraiinn drives them away from the
17. To what productions is the val
ley adapted?' To all those of all the
eastern and northern states, besides
many of thoso of tropical countries.
Grange Judd, editor of the Prairie
Farmer, after a visit to tho Salt River
valley, says of its soil, editorially:
"Most of theso valley soils are the ac
cumulated washings from the surround
inu hills, made up of the (i no particles
Unit have been, during countless cen
turies, disintegrated by frost, or the
chemical action of tho Atmosphere.
The water he (the farmer) uses is also
charged with new fertility, thus pro
duced annually and gathered from the
sides of the mountains scores and hun
dreds of miles away, so that every flow
i.g of the land benefits it This
is no theoric Idea. We have seen thou
Minis of acres here growing crops that
rival in luxrianco those found in the
famed valley of the Nile, which derives
in vivifying liquid, bearing fertilizing
elements, from tho far off lands in upper
Esjyptand beyond. This valley
of the 'rfalt' derives its luxuriousneBg
from the mou.itain regions of intorior
Tho special committee of the United
Btntes senito, report 028. part 1, May
5, 1800, page CO, Bays: "Within our
border tl) ere cannot bo found a soil to
uniformly fertile and so capable of
varied proiuction. under irrigation, as
- that of tho Gila, Sale and Sar.ta Crua
rivers, in soithern and central Arizona.
Analysis of this soil shows its fertile
qualities to bo superior to that of the
18 la the eoil durable? As nearly
inexhaustible as any known eoil. The
Msiricopa Indians, a remnant of a semi
civilized tribe, have raised wheat upon
8ime of tlie,0 lands continually since
the advent o the early mission in the
19. Do fill soils require Irrigation?
Yes ; the rain fall being insufficient to
produce any crop without imitation.
20. IIow'b wator applied for irriga
tion? ' For rain and alfalfa, water is
applied by flooding the entrire surface of
the land between Orders, usually 50
trot apart. For fruit, li i run In fur
lows near tho trees or vines.
21. What does it cost to prepare land
for irrigation? Owing to the fact
that Urn lauds of tho valley are nearly
level, having only a slight fall to the
west or aonth sullicient to carry the
water, there is no cost for leveling or
preparing the land for irrigation. In
southern California the leveling of the
land alone costs often as high as $40 per
22. Ib any Bperial treatment of
eronnd or crop required? Deep, thor
ough and frequent tillage only. No
23. What is the cost per acre per
year for water? $2.25 per miner's inch,
or $1.25 per acre per year.
24. How is the water obtained for ir
rigation? Tho water is diverted from
the Salt river below the junction of the
Verde river (these two rivers having a
watur-elied of 15,000 square miles) by
means of dams, and carried to the lands
to be irrigated through large canals,
which in turn supply tho smaller
ditches or laterals which conduct the
water where needed to be used.
25. Are tho -zsers of water liable for
asesenients or repairs on the canals?
No; tho canal company bears all such
20. How is the water obtained for
domestic uses? In the city of Phoenix,
from tho water-works and from wells.
In the country, from the canals and
27,. How do Salt River valleyoranges
compare with tho best California fruit?
The Riverside l'ress, of Riverside Cali
fornia, said: "Z. T. brown returned
from the Gila fiend country last night.
He brought back with him a box of
Navel oranges grown about eleven
miles from l'hcenix, in the Salt River
vallev. These oranges are magnificent
specimens nood size, rich color, very
sweet and finely flavored. They ripen
in November, a couple of months
earlier than here in Riverside.' It
lias been fully demonstrated that
fine oranges can be raised in Arizona."
Olfico of the Director General.
20,1801.) World's Columbian Exposition
Clricauo, December 20
Mv dear Mr. Coates:
The box of Salt River valleyoranges,
which you were so kind to send me,
came yesterday, just in ,time to be
opened on Christmas morning. We
found them very line. For your
thoughtfulneES and kindness please ac
cept my cordial thanks.
Very trully yours,
Gloiiuk A. Davis.
28. Is experience needed in the grow
ing of fruits7 Yes, but it can be easily
and rapidly arquiied.
20. Am oruu&e irees in Salt River
valley liable to scale? No; the dryness
of the atmonphere is a safeguard.
30. What are the leading and most
profitable varieties of deciduous Iruits?
Apricots, peaches, ilgs almonds and
31 What oilier fru'ts are alsoraieed?
Oianges, olives, pomegranates, wineanil
table Krapes, dates, liananan, nectarines,
prunes, quinces, apples, pears ond all
kinds of berries.
32. How nro they disposed of? The
local market of surrounding mining and
cattle districts consumo the greater part
of the fresh fruit!!. The surphiH is ship
ped in refrigerator cars, or dried or
canned for 'lie eactcrn markets.
33. What kind of grapes nie culti
vated? Table grapes for local and ex
port upe, wine and raicin cranes.
34. Is raiRin growing prolliaMe?
Raisins return from 100 to $200 per
35. Is tho raisin crop during curinsr
liable to damage from rains I One of
the peculiar advantages of the dry
climate of the Salt River valley Is the
ab-enco of dws and fogs, nn.i the fact
that no rain-fall need be expected dur
ing curing period. Indeed, so great is
tins advantage that California grapes
have been shipped into Arizona to he
30. Aro fruits tho only product of the
soil? No; there is a large acreage of
alfalfa, wheat and bariev.
37. What do the various grains yield
per acre? Wheat from 1,500 to 2.500
lin., and barley from 2,000 to 3,000 lbs.,
per acre, according to cultivation.
38. What hay crops are raUed? Bar
ley and oats are largely grown for hay,
and cut while the grain iH in the milk.
Alfalfa, howover, is the leading crop for
39. What is the yield of alfalfa per
ncro? From 1 to 2 tons per cuting.
It is cut from 4 to C times per year, thus
yielding from 8 to 12 tons per acre per
40. Wllat is tho valuoofsneh hay?
From $8.00 to $12.00 per ton, baled, ac
cording to the season.
41. Does alfalfa make good meadow
or pastures? Alfalfa is uueurpaeeed ns
a forage plant, and is equally valuable
for hay or pasture. One acre of nlfalfa
pasture support, in prime condition,
two iiead of slock, and this all the year
42. Is the Salt River valley a good
locality for live stock? Horses, cattle,
sheep or hogs are matured on alfalfa
pastures without ever being housed or
fed ono pound of grain. The mild
climate and luxuriant pastures are at
tracting attention to this valley as a
favoiablu locality for tho breeding of
fine pedigreed stock.
43. It is a profitable business to buy
stock cattle to feed? Yes; the Bur
rounding mountain cattle ranges fur
nish immense quantities of stockerB,
which the farmer can buy at reasonable
44. If a farmer has not the necessary
money to put into cattle, can he dispose
of his snrplus pasture after cutting the
last crop of hay? Yes; the price of
paBturnge varies from $1 to $2 per head
per month, and so great is the demand
that equal prices aro frequontly'realized
from gain stubble.
45. How about hogs? This is a rap
idly crowing and lucrative industry.
You turn them into the pasture the
alfalfa "does thn red.
40. What market is there for live
stock? 1st Home consumption. 2nd
Shipments to California, 3rd Califor
nian buyers purcliabing here.
47. What vegetables and berries are
grown? All those grown in every sec
tion of the United States.
48. How long is the growing season
for vegetables and berries? Such veg
etables as lettuce, onions and radishes,
All the year round : potatoes, two crops.
Tomatoes and green corn ripen during
nine months of tho year. Green pearB
are shipped to Kansas City by April
49. Whr.i kind of berries are raised 7
Strawberries, blackberries, raspberries
and mulberries. Strawberries ripen
during nine months of the vear. are
prolific and of a great size, sometimes
attaining mx inches in circumference.
The culture of berries is very remunera
tive. 50. How long after fruit trees are
planted before they come into bearing?
Grapes, two years from cuttings, one
year from rooted vines; peaches and
npricotB in third year; oranges in fourth
51. What income can a farmer ex
pect during the time from the planting
of trees until they come into bearing?
Plant berries nnd vegetables between
52. What profits is there in raising
poultry? Chickens Bell at $4 to $0 per
dozen; turknys, 10 cents per pound,
gross. Eggs average 25 cents per
53. What diseases are there among
poultry? None. They run on the al
falfa fields, and requires no houses or
coops, hatching thoir young chicks dur
ing December as safely as in April or
54. What inducements are offered to
tho dairy man? Dairy products find a
ready market at high prices, yearly con
tract's being made at 35 cents per pound
for butter. Milk retails at20to30cents
55. Is honey produced in commer
cial quantities? This young and grow
ing industry is attracting wide atten
tion. A Beekeeper's Association was
organized in May of 1800, since which
time the product has been shipped to
eastern cities in carload lots, at remu
nerative prices. The bloom of the fruit
trees, the alfalfa, and the outlaying
desert growth, furnish the bees with a
50., How many acres of land, with
water, will support an average family
comfortflblv in the Salt River valley?
From 10 to" 20.
57. What minerals are shipped from
Phoenix ? Gold, silver, onyx and build
58. What was the largest bar of gold
bullion ever shipped from Phuunix?
From the Bonanza mine, In the Harqua
Hala district, which weighed 350 pounds,
valued at 81,000.
59. Is onyx shipped in commercial
quantities, or simply as samples? In
commercial quantities and by tho car
00. What is the character of the
building stone? A beautiful red sand
stone, Gl. Is there any government land yet
open to settlers in Maricoon county?
Plenty of it. but none under completed
canals furnishing water.
02. Why is the hind not nil taken up?
Because tho rain-fall being insufficient
to raise a crop, tho land is valueless
G3. What is the range of prices for
unimproved land with water? From
$30.00 to $75.00 per acre, except In nil a
in the immediate vicinity of Pncenix.
04 What mnkes the difference in
price? Especial adaptability to raising
particular crops, and proximity to town
Co. What can improved property
lie liought for? Farm property, with
water, ftoni $50 to $250 per acre, accord
ing to amount of improvement.
00. What can good unimproved
orange land with water, be bought for?
From $50 to $75 per acre.
07. Can nny farms be rented? Yes;
non-residents and owners of large tracto
frequently rent out their lands at a rea
CS. What are tho average wages for
labor? Farm hands, $30 per month and
board ; common laborers, $1.50 to $1.75
per day; skilled labor, carpenters,
brick unions, etc., $2 50 to $4 50 per
day; clerks, ?25 to $100 per month.
Skilled labor generally in fair demand.
Domestic, S15 to $40.
09. What aro the rates of living?
About the tame as middle and western
70. What fuel is used? Wood only.
71. Is fuel expensive? Hard mes
quite wood lor fuel Is delibered in Phue
nix at from $3.50 to $5 per cord. The
farmers generally raiso their own fuel
by plnnting cottonwood cuttings, which
form a fair sized tree in two years.
72. What are the inducements mate
rially for immigration to southern Ari
zona? The moderate price of land and
improved properly (considering ltd ca
pacity,) and the certainty of good
returns under proper care and cultiva
tion. 73. Why is this tho poor man's conn
try? Becanoe 350 sunny days make it
possible for laborers to workout of
doors the greater part of the year.
74. What does a comfortable four to
six room lioaso, in a good neighboihood
in Phoenix, convenient tocar line and a
mile or two from the business center,
rent for a month? For $25 per month.
75. What is the price of lumber for
building purpotes? Pretcnr. prices
rough lumber, $30,000 to $35,0J0 per
70. What building material is used
liecides lumber? Sandstone and kiln
77. What is the rate of taxation?
Territorial, county ond school tax com
bined Is $2.50 per $100 of valuation.
78. Ib this on the full eat-h value of
the property? No; only about one
third. 79. Will 'it pay to ship household
goodR and farming" implements to Ari
zona? As a rule, no. They are reason
ably cheap here.
80. What is the capital of Arizona
territory? The city of Phoenix.
81. What is the county beat of
Maricopa county? The city of Phoenix.
82. What is the principal town of
the Salt River valley? The city of
83. What other towns are there in
Salt River valley? Tempe. Mesa City,
Peoria, Glendalo, Lehi, Ingleside, Al
84. Has Phoenix mnch of a jobbing
and wholeeale trade? Quite extensive,
being the base of supplies for mining
and cattle districts, her trade in this
direction reaching out for hundreds of
85. What is the population of Phoe
nix? Nearly 12.0J0, and is growing
80. What are tho school facilities?
Pliccnix maintains a graded school, con
sisting of a high school and various
ward schools, all located in commodious
buildings. There are forty district
schools maintained in Maricopa county.
The territorial normal school is located
at Tern oe.
87. What church advantoges are to
be had? Nearly eve'y denomination
maintains an organization, tho major
ity of which have commodious build
ings. 88. Give the names of such eocial
societies as aro found in Phoenix. A.
O. U. W British-American Association
of Arizona, D. of R., F. & A. M., G. A.
R., Illinois Association, I. O. G. T., I.
O. O.F.. K. of P., K.T., Progressive
Farmer's Ailinnceand Industrial Union,
R. A. M., W.O.T. U., W. K.U., and
Y. M. U. A. The Good Templars main
tain a free reading room in connection
with their organization.
89. What is the character of the
population of southern Arizona? It is
mostly eastern, representing true Amer
ican enterprise, stability and refine
ment. 90. What are the social characteris
tics of tho country? Identical witli
those of the older eastern sinteB, the
'leading residents having come from
there with their intelligence and energy.
91. What would most excite the sur
prise of a new-comer from the east?
Not the roughness of western life nnd
manners, but the likeness of society
here to that of tho cast.
92. What inducements are offered to
winter visitors? Hotels and loarding
houses at reasonable rates, hunting,
fishing, mountain climbing, magnilicent
scenery, beautiful drives, good theatres,
hospitable and cultivated sociejy, free
dom from cold, snow and changeable
93. What inducements are offered to
the invalid? The mild and equable
climate permits a constant out-of-door
life; bright sun-shiny days and immun
ity from changeable weather give na
ture a chance to recuperate without
medicines. Phoenix has many able
physicians, however, who are at hand
in acute cases.
94. What railroad faciiitities are
there? The Phoenix & Maricopa rail
road connects with the Southern I'acir
fie railroad system at Maricopa Junc
tion, a point on the main line of the
Southern Pacific railroad, which is
thirty-five milcB southeast from Phoe
nix, The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe
railroad system are now building from
Ash Fork, a point ou the Atlantic &
Pacific railroad (part of the Santa Fe
system,) via Prescott, in northern Ari
zona, to Phoenix. Reliable information
authorizes the tttatcmeut that this road
will be.completed to Prescott by Feb
ruary, 1893 (1,000 men are at work,) and
reach Phoenix during October next.
The completion of this road will give
Phoenix competitive rates by two trans
continental lines, and cheapen building
material by shippingin lumber from the
immense pine forests of northern Ari
zona. 05. Give the names of newspapers
published in Phoenix. Daily Herald,
Daily Gazette, Daily Reitiilicak, The
90. Give the names of the banks of
Phoenix. The Valley Bank, the Phoenix
National Bank, the National Bank of
Arizona, the Hartford Banking Co.,
Tiiu Maricopa Loan & TriiHt Co., the
Western Investment Bank, The Phienix
Loan & Trust Co., Homo Savings Bank
97. What is the prico of board in
Phoenix? From $4.60 per week for good
plain board, up to the limit of your
tastes nnd purse.
Cor. Montezuma A Adams St.,
LIVERY FEED AND SALE STABLE.
Good Turnout! on short nottco
at all houri ol tho daT and night.
Buy, Sell and Trade, Horses.
Special attention to boardlnE horses.
- . pi
Is attracting the attention of everyone. Only One Mile from
the court house and the city fast building up to it.
Only $1000 in
Gret Information Early.
THI MARICOPA INVESTMENT GO.
1 15 South Center Street.
Chas. Edward Major, Manager.
Mrs. J. 0. McVey lias bought the Williams
House property and it will now be con
ducted in first-class style. No Chinese
employed. j g SACKET, Manager,
W. H. SMITH,
Undertaker and Embalmer
Graduate U. S. College of Embalming;, New York City
More experience than any other man lu l'hcenix, and the only graduate In Arizona.
Also 1 Complete Line of Monumental Work.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALEB IN-:-
Shelf and Heavy
SOLE AGENTS FOR
Bain Wagon Co., Deere Plow Co., Columbus BuRjryw Co., South
Bend Chilled Plow, McCormick Harresting Machine Co.,
Standard Mower, Planet Jr. Garden Tools.
WEST OF CITY HALL PLAZA PHOENIX. ARIZONA.
Get in on the Ground-Floor.
the rate of S1O0 a' J2oti
Best Situated Property in Phoenix.
Cash Necessary to Buy an Entire Block.
opposite Gas Works,
,. -j. i JSA,
. xal :..