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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 14, 1912;
CHINESE PEOPLE'S CONSTITUTION CLOSELY
APPROXIMATES THAT OF THE UNITED STATES
SHANGHAI. April 13. The draft
of the provisional constitution of the
republic of China presented to the
National assembly at Nankins on
February 20, but which lias to be
adopted" by the permanent parliament
when elected, is a document contain
in .seven articles and fifty-five claus
es; as. follows:
Pf&VISliSxAI CONSTITUTION- OF
THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA.
' (1) The republic of China lias been
ustablishcd by the people of China.
(2) The controlling power is vested
in the body of the people as a whole.
-(S) Th3 territory of the republic of
China consists of the twenty-two
provinces. Inner and Outer Zdongolia,
Thibet and Kokonor.
(I) The government of the republic
of China is formed of the national as
sembly, the president arid executive
officers and tile judiciary, acting con
jointly. ARTICLE II.
(5) There shall be no distinction of
race or religion, all being on an
(6) They shall have the following
liberties: (a) No infliction of punish
ment without judicial trial: (b) No
confiscation of house and home with
out judicial sentence; (c) Freedom in
tlie possession and use of property
and choice of occupation: (d) Right
of free speech, .publishing and print
ing, assembling and forming societies:
fe) Privacy of correspondence: (f
Freedom Of dwelling and removal
elsewhere: (g) Freedom of religious
(7) They shall have the right to
petition the national assembly.
(S) They shall have the right of
appealing to the executive.
9 Thev shall have the right of
submitting all cases to the judiciary
(10) They shall have the right,
when officials violate the law to the
inquiry of popular rights, of appeal
ing to the administration court.
(11) They shall be eligible for gov
(12) They shall hav- the right of
voting and of standing for office.
(13) They shall pay taxr according
tf-a fixed tariff.
(14) They shall give due respect to
;(15) The above rights must be lim
ited by legal provision when demand
ed" by public advantage, tho mainten
ance of peace, or times of special
(1C) Until the establishment of the
parliament, legislative authority shall
be vested in the national assembly.
(17) Tho national assembly shall be
constituted by delegates from each
Each province. Inner and Out
er longolia. Thibet, shall ach elect
five delegates, Kokonor one, the man
ner of election being left to each
Each delegate has the right of one
(19) The national assembly has the
following duties and powers: (a) To
make the laws: (b) To decide upon
matters included in sections 30 and
36; (c) To pass upon the budget: (d)
To enforce a uniform system of tariff,
coinage, weights and measures, to
gether with regulating the public
debt; (c) To audit the accounts of
the government: (f) To receive and
adt upon popular petitions; (g) In
legal and similar matters requiring an
interpretation, to decide for the gov
ernment; (h) Five or more members
may institute an inquiry from the
executive and demand a reply; (i)
Four-fifths of the members shall con
stitute a quorum and three-fourths
of the members present for the pur-
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pose may impeach the president for
violating the constitution, in which
case each local assembly shall elect
one person to constitute a special
court of justice: (j) Three-rourths of
the members shall constitute a quo
rum for the purpose and two'thirds
of the members present may charge
any executive officer with failure to
nerform his duty or violation of the
law; if the president vetoes the de
cision arid it still remains unchanged,
the said official must retire from of
fice. (20) The national assembly shall it
self decide upon times for meeting,
and tho opening and closing of its
(21) The meetings must be public
unless specially requested by ' execu
tive officers, or upon the vote of a
majority of its members.
(22) A quorum shall require the
presence of a majority of the mem
bers. (23) Ordinary questions shall re
quire a majority for settlement, but
matters involved in section 3G shiU
require a two-thirds vote.
(21) The speaker shall decide the
result of the vote.
(25) The speaker shall announce the
decisions of the national assembly t'
the provisional president, who shall
instruct the various members of the
executive to carry them out.
(26) If the president vetoes an ac
tion of the national assembly lie must
within ten days of the announcement
make plain his reasons, and return it
to the national assembly for reconsid
eration. But if two-thirds of the
members still approve it, it goes into
(27) Members, during the time of
debate and voting, shall not be al
lowed to have duties that take them
out of the hall.
(2S) Jfembers may not be arrested
during the sessions of the national
assembly without the permission of
the national assembly except for
crimes committed then, or for matters
concerning internal disorder or for
(29) Tlie speaker shall be elected by
ballot upon a majority of the entire
(30) The national assembly shall
make its own rules and adopt them.
(31") Executive officers and this :
deputed by the government may mi.
and deliberate with the national as
sembly. ARTICLE IV.
President and Vice President.
(32) They shall be elected upon a
two-thirds majority of tho electors
from the provinces, but each prov
ince shall be limited to one vote.
(33) The president shall represent
the provisional government, shall have
general oversight of administrative
matters and shall proclaim the laws
" (34) The president shall, be com
mander-in-chief of tlie army and
(35) Th president shall establish
the regulations controlling officials
and shall have the right to employ or
dismiss executive officers, but the of
ficlai regulations, the choice of exec
utive officers and representatives
must all be approved by the national
t36) The nrcsident shall, in con
junction with the national assembly,.
ileclarp war and neace and make
(37) He may within the legal limi
tations order defense measures.
(3S) He shall represent the nation
in receiving foreign ministers and
(39) He shall propose legislative
measures to the national assembly.
f40) He may in times of special
emergency issue laws in place of tlie
existing ones, but must afterwards
notify the national assembly and se
cure its approval.
(41) He may confer honors and
orders of merit upon those deserving
(42) He may proclaim general re
mission of taxes, special remission,
reprieves and restoration to privil
eges; but general remissions must
"first pass the national assembly.
(43) Tlie vice-president may act for
the president if for any reason lie
ceases to fill h's office, and may
temporarily take ills place when hind
ered from serving.
(44) These shall Include the pre
mier and heads of 'departments.
(45) They shall help the president
to carry on tlie government, to put
the laws into execution and to- per
form their own special duties.
4G) They shall sign their names to
the presidents' legislative proposals,
announcements of laws and executt-e
regulations. . ,
C47) The .nrcsident and minister of
justice (attorney general), shall ap
point the various judges, the regula
tions for the courts and qualifications
of judges to be fixed by law.
(4S) Justices shall be Independent
and free from Interference by the
(49) Justices, while in office, shall
not have their salaries reduced or be
transferred to other duties, nor shall
thev be dismissed unless because of
Judicial sentenc.es or charges involv
ing retirement irom oiuce, mi; i emu
lations governing such charges to hi
fixed l'i' taw.
(501 Justices shall, in harmony with
republican ideals, conduct civil and
criminal trials according to statute,
but this shall not include trials of the
executive or other special trials Tint
included in the" above.
(51) Trials shall be public', but in
instances recognized as affecting
peace and order they may be secret.
(52) Within a year from the estab
lishment of the provisional govern
ment the president shall summon a
parliament; the procedure for sum
moning shall be fixed by the national
(53) The constitution of the repub
lic shall be drawn up by' parliament,
until which tjmc the present "Jlodu's.
17th, 1:30 P. M.
50 Beautiful Capitol Addition Lots Lots in Blocks 1, 2, 17, 23 and 27. Terms: 20 per cent down, balance monthly payments. Within
walking distance of the business center, but with a fifteen minute street-car service. This is the place for your home. Sale starts one
block south of Washington street car line on Sixteenth avenue. ...
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ADVANTAG-ES The wide avenues and cement walks; the Carnegie library- a graded public school; a primary school; the state capitol
mmaf finest park in the southwest; city water, gas and electricity; building restrictions. The part of Phoenix with the best dram
5e and high, sandy, loam ground. The most beautiful part of Phoenix for fine homes; surrounding the state capitol grounds. i
CAPITOL REALTY CO., Owners.
C. 0. McMURTRY, Auctioneer, j
Operandi" shall have the same force
as a constitution.
(54) The present agreement ("Mo
dus Operandi") shall require a two
thirds majority of the members, or
it maybe amended upon recommen
dation by the president i tliere are
four-fifths of the nieinbers .present,
of whom three-fourths approve tho
(55) This agreement shall go into
effect upon ?s promulgation.
. To have a fine healthy complexion
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pink ,ari(l white complexion so much
desired by ladles. Price ;0c. boiu
by Elvey & Hulett's Pharmacy.
TRAGEDIES TOLD IN HEADLINES.
"Chambermaid Uses Gasoline In
stead of Kerosene But it Destroyed
"Plucky Girl Saves. Her Purse, but
Utterly Iluins Good Hatpin."
"Fifty Dollar, Dog Tries to Bite
Milkman; Hide Probably WorTi Fifty
"It "Wasn't Peroxide, and It Turned
Her Hair Green."
'Highwayman Hammers Him' on
Head "With it. Moral: Don't Carry
Dollar Watch." Chicago Tribuhe. f
Try a Republican Want fAd for
AUTO USED MAINLY FOR
UTILITY IN LATTER DAYS
Not Bought for Pleasure Alone as
.. -..-it.. Was a Few Years
. V. Ago.
"Five 'or six vears a 'jo. when the
ii.dustry was beginning to expand, the
automobile was bought, solely for
pleasure," savs President John X.
Willys of the Willys-Overland com
pany. "The industry had not reach
ed the. stage when It could serously
consider the utility sid? of the motor
car. The horseless carriage was
practically new at that time and
had riot reached the higlily perfected
state of 'today. .Neither mul manu
facturing .facilities acquired the system
for producing in great quantities which
is now a prominent factor. When
tin lmviiii inilillr- Imil trained confL-
J - - o i - '
dence in tlie motor car and learned
that it would do all that was expect
ed of it. then there was born, a new
field for development. The utility
vehicle is not coming it lias arrived.
A utility motor ear is not always
the so-called - commercial vehicle, nor
the familiar motor truck. Any auto
mobile, so long as its owner uses it
for business in any manner, is a util
ity vehicle and represents an econom
ic saving.- '
"If tlifr banker uses his car to car
ry him quickly to his office or any
other place busiin-w, ,lu'" lnal
car is making money for him. It is
saving his time and time, is money.
This applies not, only t7v the banker,
Dut to the merchant, doctor, farmer,
real estate dealer, or to any wner
who uses his car in any way, that Is
not strictly for pleasure.
"It is this phase of the industry
that ha.s. made it expand with un
precedented rapidity, .that has caused
ail manufacturing records to be
smashed, and created an industry
whose like has never been seen . iu ;
the industrial world and which will
never be equalled again."
AUTOS NOT EXTRAVAGANT. I
New York Editor Replies to State
ments cf Bankers and
i Other Critics. .
In an .editorial Arthur Brisbane, in
a chnracterjsticahy forceful utterance,
makes the following comments on the
subject of the national outla. for au
tomobiles: "You hear a great ..deal of "alk
about the. frightful extravagance of
buying automobiles. Bankers will
tell you that tlie automobile is ruin
ing tlie country because it costs so
much monpy. Yqu . .can tell that
banker that the people . spend more
hioney for s'Oda wfitcir In the United
States than they do for. automobiles,
and soda water docs not ruin the
"The spending of money that? does
good and does no harm,' the buying
of automobiles, buying of good clothes
and reasonable "ornaments by those
that can afford them these things
build up the country they do not
MAKE CUTS THAT PRINT
S. HARRY ROBERTSON, Proprietor.
35 E. Washington St.
"PRESCOTT THE PLACE TO LIVE"
ST. MICHAEL HOTEL
The "Mile High City" the leading
hotel of northern Arizona. First-class
accommodations. Fine restaurant
connecter! with hotel. Terms Reaon-j
able. - '
ED. SHUMATE, Proprietor