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The Arizona Republican
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SUNDAY MORNING, MAY -i. 1914.
Our great business is, not to see
what is dimly in the distance, but
to do what lies closelv at hand.
Arbitration the Only Way
' If ever.aji international question was a proper
subject for the consideration of The Hague tribunal,
It Is the question of the right of the United States
to ejrempt American coastwise vessels from canal
tolls. If Americans should assert that risht and all
foreigners should deny it, the dispute would natur
ally go to The Hague, regardless of the merits of the
Question. But we have the situation that the right
is upheld by some Americans and denied by others:
is upheld by tome Europeans and denied by others.
IIer, we must conclude, from the peculiar cireum
8ancef, is an honest difference of opinion, not af
fected by national interest. If such a matter is not
to be adjudicated by arbitration, there is no place in
any circumstances for -arbitration.
We say this difference of opinion is honest. We
do not refer in this statement in any way to the.
opinions of those who are merely of the opinion of
the president. We believe that his opinion is ac
honest one, but, if he held a directly contrary view,
that would be the view of hundreds of politicians
aad newspapers who are now supporting him. Such
opinions may be disregarded, iveing no opinions at
all as to the real issue.
' On one side we have o eminent an authority
on international law as Senator Root, who bp.lie.ves
thjat we have no right to exempt American vessels
from tolls. On the other hand we have former
Secretary Knox, an equally eminent authority, and
Seoavr O'Gorman, ' both of whom believe we have
silch a right under the treaty.
Apparently, in the first instance, the question
is not one of international law, but of the intent
of the- negotiators of the treaty and those who were
in consultation' with them during the period of nego
tiation. Treaties are not to be construed or Inter
preted like statutes, and twisted as far as possible,
from the intent of the makers.
If' w can get at the intent of the negotiations
and tbos who- approved and ratified the treaty, the
whole matter will be dsposed of. The .intent cer
tainly cannot be arrived at by congress. In the
long months of debate not the slightest, headway has
been made in that direction. In his speech before
the senate on Thursday, Mr. Root, after advancing
a' conclusion that exemption could not be regarded
as an adherence to the broad principle of equality
involved In the treaty, said that the Americans who
look .part "directly or indirectly In the execution of
this, treaty had all insisted upon that principle. He
Darned Secretary Hay, former Ambassador t'hoate.
Henry White, secretary to the legation, and Theo
dore Roosevelt. -What was in the mind of Mr.
Hay we will never know. As to Mr. Choate and
Air. White, such correspondence as has been sub
mitted has no direct bearing on the disputed point.
Mr. Roosevelt has lately given his own view, that the
exemption clause is not in violation of the treaty,
this phase of which was evidently not discussed at
that time, and he recommended a submission of the
matter to arbitration.
All correspondence of that period, much of which
has been introduced in the debate, is vague as to the
point at issue, and such interpretations as have been
placed upon it are forced. We all know that it was
the general impression of Americans that, since
the canal was to be American built, Americans would
enjoy some special benefit. It was, therefore, with
surprise that vigorous opposition to the exemption
clause was developed three years ago, and by none
was this surprise more loudly voiced than by many
democrats who are now advocating the repeal of . the
clause for which they so strenuously fought with
.-i lu all these circumstances there is nothing we
can honorably or creditably do but submit the mat
ter to arbitration. We should on one hand lay aside
all question of national advantage from exemption.
We should equally disregard the apprehension of the
president as to the effect of exemption upon mat
ters of "nearer consequence'' to which he vaguely
alludud in his message, conveying an indefinite hint
of grave national danger unless we should ur.ques
tldningly surrender what most Americans believe to
be a right.
' 1 . The New License Tax Ordinance
The new license tax ordinance may not be a
perfect measure, but there is to be said of it that
it 'lets nothing escape. It imposes upon every voca
tion a burden of payment for the protection and
privileges it enjoys; but in the ha.sty view that we
have taken of so comprehensive a measure, we have
not ascertained yet whether the burden is evenly
distributed. The taxing of the merchants on their
gross receipts, rather than by a flat rate, will in
volve a great deal of inconvenience for the mer
chants as well as for the city.
"if The regulation of restaurants where liquor is
6erved will, no doubt, meet with general approval
a'hB will break up the ridiculous practice of making
anch places drlnhing places at all ours of the day
and; night. Those , who prefer to drink at restau
rant! will do so at regular and" stated hours. The
record which must be kept of those served with
liquor will probably reduce the numiier of patrons
who frequent the restaurants to drink under the
guise of eating.
The stringent regulation of the clubs, while plac
ing no limit on the volume of liquor to be con
sumed, will undoubtedly reduce the volume, so
hampering is the regulation. There is already talk
of invoking the referendum against this clause of the
ordinance, but we helieve. that the provision in that
case would receive popular support. While the total
club membership its large, and, if united, would be a
formidable force in a referendum election, in all the
clubs, except the so-called small drinking clubs, there
are many members who would welcome such a re
striction as the commission has imposed and would
still more like to see the sale of liquor in the clubs
The saloons would noturally like to see this clause
of the ordinance carry. A very large majority of the
voters, not counting the women voters, do not belong
to clubs at all. Some of them are rather antagonistic
to clubs, and, regardless of their own opinions on
the liquor question, would heartily support a
measure which they think would convey annoyance
to what they look upon as a privileged order.
The Potters Field
We print this morning a protest presented by
members of the Women's Relief Corps against the
purpose to strew flowers on the graves of the Pot
ters' Field on Decoration Day. We cannot think that
the memory of the heroic dead, whose memory we
are accustomed to revere on Memorial Day, would
lie dishonored by such an act. Nothing would be
detracted from the observance of our duty to them.
In placing flowers indiscriminately upon the lowly
graves of the unknown dead, we should be acting
as proxy for many a mother, wife, sister or daughter
who does not know where her dead lies, or, know
ing, could not perform that office herself.
Decoration Day is made the occasion in ail
cemeteries for laying wreaths upon the graves of
loved ones, who may not have laid down or offered
their lives for their country. If you go into any
cemetery in the land next Saturday, you will find
little graves covered with flowers. You will find
the graves of mothers decorated by loving hands.
You will find remembrances upon the graves of
many who were born and have died since the war.
No one would raise a protest against such an ex
pression of love on Decoration Day or any other
day. Would we place a stigma instead of flowers
upon the graves "of those who lie in the Potters'
Field because they died friendless and penniless?
There are among us all. and there must be among
these protestants against the decoration of the Pot
ters' Field, those who believe that there is a life
beyond the grave; that there is a heaven not barred
against the souls of those whose only crime was
that their bodies found sepulture in a Potters' Field.
Surely, we would not dishonor by scorn t'ie graves
of such as these.
There are desecrations of Decoration Day in
protests against whicbr we would join. We would
protest against the custom of making the day a date
for prize fights, and we would protest against turn
ing from the solemnity of the Memorial Day ser
vices to merry-making in which is forgotten the pur
pose of the day, the annual renewal of our loyalty
to the country and our sense of gratitude to those
who offered their lives for it.
LITTLE J AMI'S
(Concerning the Tendency Toward Municipal En
croachment Upon Personal Liberty and Free
dom of Movement)
"I never was very Strong fer this here Com
mishun Form of Guverment," sez My Paw, "air now
I'm less Viggerus fer it'n Ever. As a Amerrycan
Sitizen, I objeck to surrenderin' my Liberty an'
Bowin' down to Tirany, whether it's in th' Form of
a Furrin Guverment or a Commishun Form of Guv
erment. I see by th' Papers 'at we ain't no better
offn if we was in Rushy, where you can't turn
around without astin' somebody's Permishun an'
havin' th' Fack recorded 'at you Turned around an'
havin' it sent to Saint Petersburg an' filed away in
"As I understand this here Noo Tacks Ordience,
I go to my Club under somebody's tiurvalyence. 1
Jined th' Club in th' First place to git away from
under Espyonidge at home. What do I git fer my
Entrance fees an' Doos? If I order a drink, th'
Stewart anners th' Beli an' sez. 'What II it be this
time?' An' when 1 tell him I want some Licker,
he goes back after a Rejisster as big as a Fambly
Bible an' Perpounds to me as Follers:
"'What's your name, address an' Nashnality '.'
Th' Culler of your Hare, an' yer Oceypastiun? Are
you Married, an' if so, how many Wifes? What's
yer Relijus beleef, if any? Are you an Aniycliist.
or are you fer a Hi pertectif Tcrrif? Do you Filly
ate with th' Democrats, Pergressifs or wilh Publicans
an' Sinner? State your Vues in not more'n 50a
words each on th' Mexican Sitiwashun, th' Panny
"my Canal Toles an' th' Respectif Murrits of th'
Nashnles, th' Amerrycans, an' th' Federle Leegs. Is
they any Redheditary Deliryum Treemens in your
Fambly Histry?Have you got th' Price?'
"All these here Queschuns bein' Ansered in th'
Affurmatif or otherwise, th' Stewart makes out a
Offishle Report, of w-hich he sends a Coppy of it to
th' Commishuu with th' Endorsement, 'Mister So an'
So, havin' Passed ,th' Exainmynashun all rite, is
Qualifidtf, an' he's Got th' Coin.' In doo time th'
Stewart of th' Club is Otherized under th' Seel of
th' Commishun to Ishue wun (1) Drink to th' Sed
So an' So, if he's till Present an' has Survived th'
Ravidges of Thirst.' If a feller orders a Drink at
Nlte when th' Commishun ain't in Seshun, his Ap
plicashun: is Placed on File an' is acted onto th'
next day in Regler Order.
"Th" worst of it. ain't 'at wun mite Purrish of
Thirst before he Evenchully gits his Drink, but it's
th' Rekerd 'at's been Bilt up agin him in th' Ar
kives of th' Club. How'd it look fer a Man which
bud always led a Outward Abstemous Life to git to
be a Candydate fer (Xfis an' have th' Oppysishun
Spring somethin' like this onto him an' have th'
Docyments an" Eskimoze along to Prove it: 'On
March th' Six, Jon 'Jones had a Cocktale at 9:15; at
9:30, Ditto; at 9:35, called fer a Chaser of Rye
Licker; at 9:45 Jon Jones had a Jin Phiz; Jon Jones,
in' grate Thirst, perdoosed by his efforts, opened a
Bottle' of Beer at 10 o'clock A. M. At 12, Midnight,
Jon Jones is still Asleep an' his wife, who's Telly
foamed inquirin' If he's here, is informed 'at Mister
Jones has been called out of th' City on Urgent
Bizness.' There it is, fer evry Hour of th' Day an'
evry day of th' Month, th' Way Jon Jones Asswadged
his thirst, fer th; Inspeckshun of th' City Manidger
an' evrybody else, fso's 'at he who Runs agin him
fer Offis may Read, an' a Blind man. though a Fnle.
cannot Err therein." LITTLE JAMES.
THOMAS A. EDISON'S
Her Own Home Town
By H. J.Miller
Last week, one balmy evening, while strolling down
1 saw a well-known gentleman who, dignified, dis
creet, And full of worldly honors, had ever seemed to me
A solid, rock-hewn pillar of our "Best Societee;"
Ye.t the game that he was playing (.-uised me in
To gaze with incredulity through opticallic eyes:
For he was selling jewj-ls in Fair, Fickle tolly's
Flirting with a MARRIED WOMAN in her
If ii fellow's feeling ennuied. and keen excitement
He might qualify as chauffeur in some aviation
Absorb a dozen highballs, then homeward waltz his
Or drop into a powder mine while snioking a cigar;
Could rent an old ex-army mule, his ticklish tail to
Or flaunt some Orange banners while St. Patrick's
For these are tame amusements win 11 compiled
boys, Jot THIS down
TO Flirting with a MARRIED WOMAN in her
Of course, since saintly David sought new, ecstatic
With Uriah as Angora; the Lad who foots the bills
Is about the last one of the bunch to do the Sher
And pipe the situation wh.cn the Little Lady roams;
Yet when he wises up, boys. Grim Trouble's surely
He hikes down to the hardware, grabs a six-gun or
And, alter some swift sleuthing, wades in and does
The egregious epitomization of supererogatory
Flirts with a MARRIED WOMAN in her
Of course, it's not my "butt in," yet 1 see the bitter
And write these rough-hewn verses as I would unto
And to save a dandy woman who has been a loyal
From the knowledge that'wili leave her with a soul
embittered life. 1
So when he sees the chasm that is yawning at his
He'll skip the dalliant rose path, to land on Honor's
And preserve his reputation likewise the fair renown
Of that charming MARRIED WOMAN of ffls
(Mr. Miller, a member-of the Washington Press
Association and the Chicago Press Club, is a Phoenix
visitor in circumstances not of his own devising.
But, while the doctors are working on him, he has his
own ways of entertaining himself).
DAUGHTER TO MARRY
Miss Madeline Edison and John
One of the most charming of June
ljndes will be Miss Madeline Edison,
the daughter of Thcmas A. Edison,
the inventor, who on June 17 in the
beautiful noine of her father at
Llewellyn Park. N. J., will be mar
ried to John Sloane, who has long
been identified with aviation in this
country and who conducts an avia
tion school at Bound Brock, N J.
Miss Edison's fiance is a son of Dr.
and Mrs. T. U'Conjr Sloane of West
Orange, near neighbors to :.he Edi
THE CANDLE LIGHT
Although I'm almost four, sm;ime.-,
I'm frighiened in the night,
So mother savs: "Don't be afraid;
i ll leave a candle-light."
A little light the watch to keep.
I'mil I s-ing myself to sleep.
I love to watch the tiny flame
That flickers to and iro;
And watch the straight, white candle,
Which must always shorter grow;
For when I wake in early morn.
The candle every bit has gone.
If little boys should ;ill grow short.
Instead of jrnm'ing tall,
Some morning would their mothers find
They had no sons at all?
I'm very glad that we all know
The proper way for boys to grow.
Harriet Works, in Harper's Magazine.
THE BIGOTRY OF ULSTER
It is not in Belfast, but in Portadown, a small
township in the County Armagh, that the orange or
I'nionist sentiment is to be really probed or sound
ed, says a writer in Harper's Weekly.
In the "pub" are grouped a number of loyal
Orangemen. Over, their drinks are voiced enthus
iastic masts to the "damnation of the. harlot of the
seven hills" and "bad luck to the Papists." Ana
thema against Redmond and the Irish party follow
' as a matter of course. A stranger enters.
"To Hell with t'ne Pope!" is the succeeding
When the newcomer shows no sign of provoca
tion to wrath, he is approached cautiously. The. ab
omination 'l onr average I'nionist or 'Orangeman is
"lie ye from the States?"
"Nay, Glasgow." is an open sesame, notwith
standing the fact that practically all of the popula
tion of Portadown is pure Irish Gael. Glasgow rep
resents a city of Dissenters who, however, are four
fifths Home Rulers; but. first fact enough for your
North of Ireland Protestant.
"Glasgow, aye lad! Yell join us' To Hell with
"But." protests the stranger. "I have no griev
ance against the Pope."
"Neither have we," is the unanimous response,
"but he has the devil of a hard name in Porta
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a depository for United States Government Funds, offers conclusive
proof of its" st.- bilitv. which is further emphasized by the. strict supen 1
sion exercised over its affairs by the Comptroller of the Currency.
This is the largest national bank in Arizona.
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Trate Parent 'No, siree. You can't have her. 1
won't have a son-in-law wi.o has no more brains
than to want to marry a. girl with no more sense
than my daughter has shown in allowing you to
think you could have her. Life.
Just think for a moment what h: came for: He
came to give rest to the weary: to seek and to
save that which was lost; ti give sight to tin
blind; to help those that needed help: to reveal
the Father: to bring peace where there was trouble:
to heal the broken hearted. And yet there was
not room for him!
Freezing What fuss folks make over Zero.
Temperate Yes; and he's such a cipher