Newspaper Page Text
; It fillip
AI.miQlJKI.QllK. NEW MEXICO, TtlKSI.AV AFTERNOON, -U'N.K 30 NI'VltKH 1
ULl .nfj 1 u "
ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO, TUESDAY AFTERNOON, JUNE 30 1
HARMONY IN IOWA
Shows Bad Doings, But Still
Attempts to Exonetate
THE MANAGEMENT FROM CRUELTY
Republicans Are at Peace in
the Hawkeye State.
SENSATIONAL BREAK IN COTTON
President Roosevelt Will Witness
International Yacht Race.
There is a Censure In the Mary Leonard Case,
Which Needed Investigation.
Las Vegas, June 20, 1903.
To the Hon. Miguel A. Otero, governor
of New Mexico, Santa Fe, New Mex
ico. Sir: The committee to investigate
the territorial Insane asylum, appoint
ed by your official order on the 9th in
stant respectfully submits the follow
ing report of its proceedings and find
The committee was organized by the .
selection of Mr. K. J. Paleu as chair-1
man on the 15th instant, the day des-,
ignated in your official notice to the ,
members for the meeting of i.ie com- j
mlttee, and the necessary steps were i
taken to give the utmost publicity pos
sible to the manner of procedure to be
observed in the investigation by pub
lic notice in the newspapers at Las
Vegas and by formal subpoena to all
witnesses whose names could ie ascer
tained by the committee or were fur
nished by the representatives of the
parties who had been instrumental in
procuring and publishing details of the
alleged mismanagement of the asylum.
Steps were also taken in all cases to
procure the attendance of absent wit
nesses, and in this particular the board
of regents of the asylum heartily co
operated with the committee by paying
all expenses and transportation of such
witnesses, and extending every facility
to your committee for procuring their
Request was made of your commit
tee by representatives of the parties
making the charges to be present in
person or by attorney, which was
granted, and during the greater part
of our sessions they were so represent
ed. A similar privilege was granted
the board of directors of the asylum
and exercised by them. Five full days,
with long sessions open to the public,
were given to the hearing of the testi
mony attached to this report.
Before proceeding to take the testl
mony, your committee made a careful
and thorough Inspection of the asylum
and thoroughly looked Into all the
methods used by the officials in the
command and management of the pa
tients and in the discharge of tne gen
eral affairs of the asylum, and the
asylum appeared to le in the most ex
cellent condition, and its affairs Judi
ciously and properly managed. Perfect
cleanliness prevailed, there was an en
tire absence of repulsive features, the
patients appeared to be ae well cared
for and under as little restraint, as
was compatible with their mental con
ditlon and it was a matter of surprise
to the committee that so satisfactory
condition of affairs should exist with
so little appearance of the exertion of
force or restraint. The patients ap
peared to le well nourished and your
committee saw nothing in the course
of its Inspection meriting criticism or
We found that the charges against
the asylum might be conveniently dl
vlded for the purpose of oiff report un
der the following heads:
First. Quantity and quality of the
food furnished the patients and wheth
er the patients were subjected to any
deprivation of food as a punishment.
Second. Work, whether the work re
quired by the patients was of an ex
cesslve character and what was th
effect on them of such work as was re
quired or permitted.
Third. Cruel and Inhuman treatment
Male ward The so-called Ferris
wheel baths; the use of the gag; the
dip and shower baths"; strapping to th
doors, and other unnecessary res
tralnt; blows or kicks inflicted on pa
Female ward Striking, kicking,
choking patients; throwing them vio
lently to the floor; dragging them b;
the hair or ears; subjecting patients
to unnecessary exertions when in an
enfeebled condition; straping them to
the floor; whether there was failure
to guard against unnecessary exposure
to cold of patients confined In cells;
the use of baths, dip and shower.
Fourth. Desecration of the bodies of
: the dead.
j Fifth. The Dr. Mohlau case,
i Sixth. The alleged mismanagement
' and misconduct of the officials in
j (a) Board of regents.
I (b) Medical superintendent.
i (d) Matron.
Findings on Charges as Classified.
First. Your committee finds that the
quantity of food furnished the patients
s and was ample; that Its quality was
good and wholesome, and that patients
ave not been deprived of food as a
Second. Work. Your committee finds
the work required of or permitted to
the patients, was not excessive, and In
the opinion of your committee such
work as has been or is required or per
mitted is beneficial to them and re
sults in the alleviation of their mis
Third. Cruel and inhuman treat
ment. Male ward. ' ' '. ...
The Ferris wheel bath. Your com
mittee finds that there has been an un
authorized use of this form of lath by
the attendants, through several years
and quite recently. This form of bath
is substantially the same as to the
position of the patient immediately
prior to its administration, as woat Is
known as "bucking;" the patient's
wrists are fastened together, and the
arms drawn down over the bended
knees, beneath the knee, and above
the flexure of the elbow, and between
the two, a broom stick is inserted; in
this condition the patient is placed
across a partially filled bath tub; the
stick resting on the sides of the tub, or
held by the attendants, and then the
patient is rocked backward and for
ward, from one to Ave times.
The use of the gag. Your commit
tee finds that there was an unauthor
ized use of the gag in two or three In
stances; also that the tub was used by
attendants and mat on one or two oc
casions the head of the patient was
dipped under the water oy the attend
ants; also that the shower bath was
used in several instances, as punish
Beating and kicking patient In
one Instance m th male ward, au at
tendant, one. R. L. Dorbrandt, ad
mitted having knocked down and
kicked on the neck, a violent patient;
hut claimed that this action was neces
sary to save his own life; and another
attendant, testified that Dorbrandt had
on another occasion kicked a patient
three times in the stomach. In another
instance in the male ward, an attend
ant, who inflicted bruises and cuts on
the head of a violent patient, with a
lantern, In order as he claimed to save
the attendant s life, was discharged.
These were the only Instances of
striking, kicking and beating in the
male ward, brought to our attention.
Female ward. Your committee finds
that there was no 1-eatlng, striking or
choking of the female patients, and
no unnecessary violence used in throw
ing them to the floor; nor were they
dragged by the hair or ears; nor were
enfeebled patients subjected to Im
proper exertions. They were occas
ionally scrapped to tne door as a
proper measure of restraint, but with
out unnecessary violence.
Your committee finds that the pa
tient, Ft'licita, was confined to her cell
between the hours of perhaps, 6:30
and 8 o'clock p. m., for the reason that
her mania was of a character that
caused her to beat the walls and tear
her clothing, making It Impossible to
keep her properly clothed. In view of
the fact that she was tied to the bed
at different times during the day that
she might not die from exhaustion,
consequent upon her exertions, she
was not put to led until aliout 8:30
p. m., and for an hour and a half
prior thereto she was strapped tl the
cell door by a strap sufficiently loose
to admit of her standing up. The tes
timony also shows that the window
was left open, but from the nature of
the evidence, we cannot say whether It
was cold enough to be prejudicial to
her health. This was not done as a
punishment, but merely as a means of
restraint. The evidence goes to show
that those In authority were unaware
of the fact that the window was left
open, and It was never reported to the
management. This occurred In th j SHERIFF SHOT WHILE RES!'Ti'.G A MOB
montn or uctoier.
Your committee finds that dip laths
were given four times, tinder the di
rection of the medical superintendent,
and with beneficial results.
Fourth. Desecration of nodics of
the Dead. Mary Leonard Case. Mary
Leonard was a patient from Dona Ana
county; she remained in the asylum a
number of months, during which time
she received no communication from
relatives or friends. The story had
been circulated in Las Vegas that she
as pregnant, and there were some
symptoms of pregnancy. In order to
determine the matter definitely, after
her death, Dr. Tipton decided to hold
necropsy, which was held, and de
monstrated that she was not pregnant,
The asylum had long been in need
of a skeleton for use as a guide in
special dissections, which were neces
sary In the opinion of the medical su
perintendent, to be made for the fur
therance of the work in the asylum,
(Continued on page 3.)
NAVAJOS YS. PUEBLOS.
Les Moines, Iowa. June 30.
Predictions n.ade today were that
the republican state convention
which will convene here at' 11
o'clock tomorrow morning will be
the shortest ever held in the
state. It is expected that the con- X
vention- will i djourn by 4 o'clock.
tomorrow afternoon. A full state
ticket will be nominated. The X
V platform has evidently been X
agreed upon as regards the tariff.
It is known that the words that X
were most objectionable in the
X platform to the "stand patters" X
V will be omitted. X
Hon. George D. Perkins of
S Sioux City will be temporary
chairman. The Cummins men
are bringing forward M. E. Ken- X
dall for permanent chairman, and X
X he may be chosen.
X There Is no particular friction X
X between the factions.
here the Masonic runcrai service
111 be held. The body will be burled
In the Masonic plot, the O. W. Strong's
Sons being H charge.
Peace to t.' captain's ashes.
Attention, Sir Knights.
You are requested to assemble at
the asykim at 9 a. in. tomorrow morn
ing to a.tend Sir Knight R. C. Vose's
. J. BORRADAILE, E C.
L, H. CrAMPERLIN. Sk. Recorder.'
A special communication of Temple
Lodge No, 6 will be held on Wednes-
ay, July 1, at 8:45 o'clock In the fore
noon, for the rnpos of imodlng the
funeral of Blott er Riutis C. Vose. By
order of the W. M.. Robert Abraham
BREAK IN COTTON.:
They Engaged in a Battle and the
Pueblos Cams Out Victorious.
FINDING OF A DEAO BODY.
Special to The Citien.
Laguna, N. M., June 30. Some Nav
ajo Indians on the night of June 24
went to the Paguate Indian pueblo and
a bloody fight followed.
The Navajos were intoxicated and
rode Into the Paguate Indian pueblo
with the intention of wiping the vll
lage off the earth. Their Paguate bro
thers fought like demons, and the Nav
ajos retreated after all kinds of threats
had been made.
Yesterday afternoon the body of Jos
F.nsino, an Indian of some wealth, was
found at the lottom of a deep arroya
three miles from Laguna. The body
was all marked up, it having been beat
with stones and clubs. The trail lead
ing up to the arroya showed that the
murdered man had been riding with
two others, and If they were from La
guna, they were probably dealt with
In the same manner. Enslno had been
missing since June 26, and hundreds of
his friends have been searching for
him. His horse returned with the sad
dle covered wiih blood.. The Indians
here are excited up to the upper notch
and they blame the Navajos and swear
they will have revenge.
There has been bad blood between
these two Indian tribes for a long time
There are no new facts In the case up
to thlH afternoon
Big Drop In the Price of Cotton In New
New York, June 30. A sensational
break occurred In cotton Ms moTlng
July contracts broke 58 points and
For a long time such a decline has
been predicted and various stories
were In circulation In explanation of
the remarkable losses. One was to th
effect that there were Internal dlssen
sions In the pool ranks, and another
that a certain element of the New
Orleans contingent waB "leaking cot
ton." After the first rush of liqulda
tion, however, there was a partial rally
on renewed evidences of clique su
port, but the market remained very
OF E. tA CM A tZTS
He Begs Leave to
CERTAIN THINGS HE DOES NOT LIKE
He nelleves Treatment of Male and Female
Patients to Have Been Harsh,
Attorney M. R. Downs.
Consumption, the "white curse,
lalmed Milton R. Downs last night at
i o'clock at his home on New York
The deceased was 46 years old, and
had lived here the past seven months
with his family, coming rrom Kansas
City, where, he gave up his law prac
tice. He came too late to the great
sunshine tani to reap any benefit, and
last night as the sun was going down
he passed Intothe presence of his
His body was taksn in charge by J
W. Edwards, the-arldertaker. and is to
be shipped to "St. Louis, where It wiT
bo cremated, and Mulshes ttfetJ
be taken to Kansas City and burled.
Before his death Mr. Downs directed
this to be done, and his wishes will bf
csrrled out. He la survived by a wife
and son. "
To the Hon. Miguel A. Otero, governor
of New Mexico, Santa Fe. New Mex
ico. Sir: As one of the memlers of the
committee appointed by you to investi
gate the Insane asylum of New Mexi
co upon charges made against Its man
agement and not being able on certain
important particulars to agree with
the majority of said committee, I re-
pectfully submit, this, ray individual
report of my findings and conclusions
in regard to the management of said
As stated in the report of the ma-
OFF FOR WASHINGTON.
Pueblo Indian Governors Will Con
sult Commissioner Indian AffaVs.
PABLO ABEITIA WILL PRESENT CASE.
THE GRIM REAPER
Carries Oft Two Prominent Men Last
Evening to the Great Beyond.
THEIR LIFE'S WORK DONE.
Juan Domingo Alielta, governor of
the Indian village of Isleta, and hi
secretary of Btute, Pablo Abeitla, with
Vigil ntonlo, governor of the village
Sandia, left tor Washington this morn
Ing, where they will hold a conference
with the commissioner of Indian af
fairs relative to some land matters In
which the Pueblo Indians, especially
of the two vllliges named, are vitally
interested. Pablo Abeitla, who Is
well educated Indian, and can talV
English fluently, will present their sldf
of the case to the commissioner of In
dian affairs. Marcelllno Abeitla, whJ
is a brotner or 1'aulo, the governor
not being related, accompanied the
party to this city from Isleta this morn
ing, 'and saw them safe on the tral
tor Washington. They will be absent
from the territory about three weeks
Sued for Debt.
New York, June 30 The ship
Young America, which is being built
In the Perth Amboy shipyards for
the Nautical preparatory school of
Rhode Island has been seized by the
sheriff of Middlesex county, N. J., on
attachment for 4.8u0 procured by the
designer of the vessel.
Correy Appointed Assistant.
New York, lune 30. William Correy
of Pittsburg, president of the Carne
gie Steel company, was today made as
sistant to the president of the United
States Steel corporation. The official
statement says: "Correy Is to per
form the active duties of the president."
Another old pettier of .Albuquerque.
in the person of Captain Rufus C. Vose
has passed over the great divide Into
tfc mystery of ihe great beyond.
The captain died about 8 o'clock last
evening at th? home of his brother in
law, Charles II. Kimball, on Harrison
avenue. He had been 111 a short time
and the cause of his demise was a ner
vous trouble. He was 65 years old an'l
came to Albuquerque from Lake City,
Colo., In the 7'is, and ever since then
he was always for Albuquerque In ev
erything that would tend to upbuild
and advance the Interest of the city
erd her people.
The deceased was the first hardware
merchant In old Albuquerque, but of
late years he has been In the real es
tate business or. the Pacific coast and i
He was a civil war veteran and serv
ed as a volunteei from California. He
was a member of the Grand Army and
I.oyal legiun. Old timers remember
the captain and have nothing but
words of pralBe for him and say a good
man has gone to his reward. He Is
survived by his oldest brother, George
T. Vose of Oakland, Cal., ami Mrs
Diaper. The tec. ascedand Mrs. Hind
.1! rulnnriii..l r .Kid a fu. n-auL,
being administered to talents, but the
evidence Is clear that his Inferior em
ployees, such as attendants, were th
parties dlrectiy responsible tor them.
In many cases it has also been shown
that patients were placed In straight
jackets and strapped to the beds, and
strapped to cell ooors, either standing
up or sitting down, or placed in their
7. The main point ot difference, how
ever, between the majority of the com
mittee and myself la in our findings aa
to the treatment of female patlents.
The majority of the committee In their
report say, "Your committee finds mat
Jority. the committee in its sessions al- . Seating, striking or
lowed all the latitude possibia tnose. orXhajtWU,! o
ROOSEVELT WILL CHEER.
President Will Witness the Interna
tional Yacht Race.
Oyster Hay, June 30. President
Roosevelt has expressed his intention
to witness the international yacht race
between the Reliance and Shamrock
III., to be sailod on August 20. He will
go to the course on the Mayflower.
Sir Thomas Upton recently extended
an Invitation to witness me races from
his yacht, the Erin, but the president
felt obliged to decline.
Governor Hunt of Porto Rico. Sena
tor Ixmg of Kansas and former Post
master General Dlssell arrived here to
day and were the president's guests at
Texas Official Assassinated.
Austin, June 30. State Comptroller
K. M. Love was assassinated In his of ago.
flee in the state capltol at 10:30 this I The funer.l tervices will be lr
morning by W. C. Hill, a discharged charge of the Masonic fraternity
employe of the office. No cause for .There will be h short service at the
the deed Is known at this time.
W. C. Hill, assassin of Love, com
mitted suicide Immediately after the
house tomorrow morning at 9:30, con
ducted by Rev. W. D. Clayton, after
which the Msscnlc bodies will escort
the body to the Falrview cemetery,
He Tried to Defend a Prisoner Against
Si ottsboro, Ala., June 30. A mob of
fifty marched from Larklnvlllo last
night and took Andrew Dlggs, colored,
from Jail and thence to the woods to
be lynched. Dlggs had been arrested
for assaulting Miss Alma Smith
(white) at Larklnvllle last Sunday
night, and brought here for safe keep
ing. Sheriff Austin resisted the mob
with his life until he was shot down
and the keys taken from him.
American War Ships.
Kiel. June 30. The United States
squadron sailed at 6 p. m. today from
Kiel, all the German ships saluting
and the Americans responding. The
squadron will stop at Kallundberg
Denmark, for two days and arrive at
1 Portsmouth Jiily 7.
wTTcTVefejrefeiTtag charges agaTEst
the management of the institution, aa
well as to t&"hianagement Itself, with
the view ot having as full and com
plete an Investigation as could be made
in accordance with your Instructions,
and the investigation, which waa con-
-fit,A m. nubile manner, was not
' cloeedruntil all parties had presented
evidence that they desired to
present. . " , - .
Prom a deliberate and full considera
tion of the very voluminous evidenea
which Was submitted; I fltM: ' -
1. That the asylum Is kept In a neat
condition, the rooms or the patients
and the surroundings of the Institution
being cleanly and properly attended
2. That the patients are given good
and sufficient food, having well ap
pointed kitchen and dining rooms for
males and females.
3. That, although some of the pa
tients have been made to work for long
hours at a time, yet the work rather
than belne detrimental. Is of a bene
ficial character, both physically and
4, In the male department the evi
dence has conclusively established the
fact that some of the patients were
treated to a certain unknown and un
usual way of bathing, known as the
"Ferris wheel bath." This is done by
stripping the patients, tying bis wrists
together, with a towel generally, then
slipping the nands thus tied over the
oended knees, allowing the knees to
stick up through the wrists, then a
broom stick or some other similar
stick heavy enough to support the full
weight of the patient la run through
ix-tween the flexure of the knees and
ellows; the patient Is thus put in a tub
of cold water with both sides of the
stick either resting on the sides of the
tub, or held by two men (generally at
tendants), and while the patient is
thus suspended upon this stick he Is
given from one to several turns In the
water, In the manner as If be were a
5. That on several occasions the gag
was used. This gag was introduced In
evidence, and consists of a piece of
hard wood alxnit from three to four
Inches long by about an Inch wide, ex
cept that In the center It has a piece
projecting out which Is Inserted in the
mouth and then tied back of the head
by two pieces oi string, which it has
at both ends. It has been used by some
of the attendants to prevent patients
from talking too much, and as a
means of punishment. J
6. That cold water tub and plunge
baths have been administered to pa
tients by attendants, sometimes tying
the patient's hands and ducking the
neaa In the water, and at the same
time lifting the feet above the water.
In one case a patient was thrown In
a tub of cold water with his clothes on.
The cold water shower bath was also
used frequently to quiet patients, and
as a means of punishment, because the
patient had done some things which
the attendants did not approve of.
In the male department there la not
sufficient evidence to satisfy me that
the steward had any knowledge ot
these unusual and cruel punishments
unnecessary violence used in throwing
them to the floor; nor were they dragg
ed by the hair; nor were enfeebled pay
tients subject to Improper exertions.
They were occasionally strapped totfc
door aa a proper measure ot retratBBV
but without unnecessary violence."
And they also find, "The present mav
tron la in no wise open to censure or
criticism In her official capacity."
To this finding of the majority I can
not subscribe, nor can I agree wltnx
them. ' .' ; - -
The evidence snows thai the presentr"
matron of the insane asylum, who lax
at the head of the female department '
and only second In authority to
medical superintendent, not only i
tioned the unusual, cruel and inhuma
treatment of some of the female pe
tients, but In many cases she waa pre
pared and directed and ordered her 1st
rerior attendants to administer such,
treatment to patients. These treat
1. In placing a patient "Fellcita,, In av
cell barefoot, wltn no other clothing oa
than an under garment, tying her with
her back to the cell door with a strap .
about her chest and raising the win
dow of her ceil to the outside so aa U
let the cold air blow upon ner while
tied In that position. This treatment
of "Feliclta" lasted for. about from on
hour to an hour and a half every eve
ning for from two to six weeks, and
until a short time before her death.
2. In throwing patients down aad
requiring several of the attendants, or
tame patients, to sit on the patient u
til she promised to be good.
3. In striking and beating patients,
in one instance striking the patient
with a bunch of keys and chain used
for carrying said keys.
4. In placing the Knee on the patient
while down on the floor, at the same
time taking the patient by the throat
and choking her with the hand.
5. In administering cold shower
baths and plunge baths as a punish
ment for some past offense, such se
ttle throwing of a piece of apple by the
patient on the floor, and then rubbing
it on the floor with the foot, or for
talking too much.
6. In using on a girl patient, about
18 years old, what a witness called a
"bridle," lieing a piece of buckram or
canvas put in the mouth and tied back
of the neck, becuase the patient was
talking too much.
It was shown by several of the at
tendants that they left the Institution.
because they could not stand the cruel
treatment the female patients received
at the hands of the matron, or by her
This lclng a matter about which I
entirely differ from the other members)
of the committee, I have been tempted
to cite the evidence of several witness
es, whose testimony has not been Ink
peached, in support of these charges,
were it not for the fact that were I t
do ao my report would be 'entirely too
voluminous. 1 will, however, cite Vkm
names of some of the witnesses wboeo
testimony support these different
charges, as may be seen by referring
to their testimony and whose evldenco
Continued on page four.