Newspaper Page Text
:f: ALH QUEl.OUE KVKNlW'ftfTrZEN.
SATURDAY, JULY 1, 1905.
THE ALBUQUERQUE CITIZEN
Published Dally and Weekly.
By The Citizen Publishing Company
CONSTITUTION A COMPROMISE
JUST AS JOINT STATEKO JD
From the St.Johni, ArU , HtraljL
W. 8. STRICKLER.
W. T. McCREIGHT,
THERE'S CRAPE ON THE DOOR.
At the home in the Highlands, alnit which centered
lila laLors and hla love, there lies today, unseeing un
gearing, unheeding, the earthly talernac.e of what hut
yesterday was Thomas Hughes; and tomorrow it will
toe "earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust."
But that is not all. Apart from that realm, beyond
the evening's sunset glow, where each and all of us
bopo to apend the ceaseless ages of an expanding eter
m!ty, there Is even in this world, more for man than
death and oblivion. Thomas Hughes still lives in the
love of his wife, the fond appreciation of his children, the
Gratitude of the many to whom he had been generous,
and the friendshsip of the hundreds who knew and loved
Hla waa a most amiable character; and he present
ed, probably above all men In the West, an illustration
that fierce political wars may be waged without per
sonal bitterness, that the hottest of newspaper contro
versies may be carried on without personal animosities.
At the head of New Mexico Journalism for a quarter of
a, century", and during; the period when personal Journ
td'.am In this territory predominated In its worst form,
tt la doubtful If he had a personal enemy In the entire
newspaper fraternity. This peculiarity of hla life,
u i tn jntiHriia tthr in New Mexico or
WUUIU W) 1.111 ILUH u r
But while in hla death the whole territory suffers, it
H Albuquerue, where he lived 'o long and labored so
efficiently, that th sorrow Is the greatest, the loss l
most, keenly felt. During the nearly twenty-five years
of hia life In this city, he was prominently Identified
with every movement for Albuquerque1 advancement,
giving thereto most freely of his time, his ta.ent, his
labor and his money. On occasions innumerable he haa
een known to neg.ect his own business to secure the
city's good. He was one of the original promoters of
Che territorial fair, from which Albuquerque has reaped
so liberal a reward. He personally carried around the
subscription papers, which resulted in the erection of
the first building for the Load avenue Methodist church.
In a word, for time would not suffice for the enumera
tion of hla labora for the public good, it may be said of
lira that while he never turned away the needy from
his door, he never withheld hia hand from any enter
prise for the benefit of the city he had selected for his
No lofty monument of marble may be erected to per-
petuate the memory of his virtues, but deeply and in
delibly there is written upon hundreds of hearts the
pleasanteat recollections of the late Thomas Hughes.
80LUTION OF WATER PROBLEM.
On Monday evening the city council will meet, and
no doubt the committee recently appointed to ascertain
whether the Water Supply company dsl.-us to tell its
plant in this city and at wnat price, and also at what
ost the city could Install its own up to-date plant no
doubt this committee wi.l be ready to report.
The Citizen has no information as lo what conclu
sion the comrofttee has reached or what Investigations
they have pursued; but it takes pleasure in calling their
attention to an Interview with Col, H. A. Justro, pub-
lished elsewhere in this Issue, In which that gentleman
tells a number of facts plainly: pertlnant to tha present
condition of the water question in Albuquerque.
From thia Interview it ia evident that the city of
Albuquerque can put n ita own,, ample and up-to-date
'plant, at an approximate cost of $73,000. THIS
AMOUNT. PLACED AT 4 PER CENT WOULD RE-
QUIRE A YEARLY INTEREST OP $3,375, OR BUT
LITTLE MORE THAN HALF OF WHAT THE CITY
'ALONE IS NOW PAYING FOR AN INSUFFICIENT
SUPPLY OF PUBLIC WATER. IN SUCH CASE THE
CITY WOULD HAVE FREE ALL THE WATER NEED
ED. WHILE THE CONSUMERS IN THE CITY NEED
NOT BE CHARGED MORE THAN 6 TO 10 CENTS
AGAINST THE 30 AND 35 CENTS NOW CHARGED.
Not only would such a charge remove the present
burden from the consumers, pay interest on the invest
ment, maintain repalss and extensions, create a sinking
fund for ultimate extinction of the bonds, but it woulu
create a surplus to be applied to tne reduction ot taxation
TWO THINGS FOLLOW. ONE IS THAT THE
FRANCHISE OF THE WATER SUPPLY COMPANY
SHOULD NOT BE 'EXTENDED FOR A SINGLE DAY.
THE OTHER IS THAT THE CITY CANNOT AFFORD
TO PAY FOR AN ANTIQUATED AND INEFFICENT
PLANT WHAT A NEW AND UP-TO-DATE PLANT
One of the features of the Lewis and Clark exposi
tion at Portland, Ore., which will prove of special In
terest to irrigators and homeseekers under government
Irrigation projects. Is the irrigation exhibit. It will also
prove instructive to eastern people who visit the fair
and now know little of the marvelous results which an
artificial water .supply has wrought in many western lo-
The exhibit consists largely of working models of
government irrigation projects, the largest being pat
terned after the Salt river system now being constructed
In Arizona. The models show the manner of btoring the
water by reservoirs, the method of carrying it Into the
lowlands by means of cana'.s and flumes, and Ita final
distribution to the lands to be irrigated. There are
also models of dams and reservoirs, and an exhibit of in
struments used In determining the amount of water
which may be utilized from any given stream.
In addition to these displays, there will be a practical
Illustration of irrigation methods on the grounds back of
the government building, in the peninsula In Guild's lake,
where there will be a small farm with crops growing
- on land actually irrigated. Maxwell's Weekly.
ARIZONA THE GREAT.
For some cause, the feeling, the sentiment, the fight
against Joint statehood is waning .throughout southern
Arizona. The people are beginning to count the ad
vantages as well as the disadvantages of the so-called
The people are beginning to realize that Arizona 1
going to get a b'g additional piece of territory and it is
Hot often the case that people refuse a gratuity such
a this without very strong reasons. Tucson Arizona
The "dry farm" experts state that there are at least
a hundred million acres) of land distributed throughout
the western states, in some places in very considerable
tracta and in other Beet Ions in small patches, where the
climatic conditions are such that the lands will yield
crops as good as the average farm lands of the Missis
alppl valley. Thla class of development by better cu.tl
ration of the soil. In connection with the Introduction'
by the government of foreign plants specially adapted
to American arid land conditions and further Joined by
the great agricultural development under national irrl
cation will cause in the next ten years a mighty trans
formation In the west.
The United Statea owns about 550.000.000 acres of
arid land. Only 6,500,000 acres are under irrigation and
only 250,000 acres of this are situated In New Mexico and
. less than that In Arizona, although 100,000,000 acres of
publie land are In these two terrltorlea alone. It
-estimated that If $300,000,000 would be expended during
, tha next forty years In a large and consistent scheme
of Irrigation, the lands Improved would be worth not
' Jess than $2,000,000,000. Thla estimate Is by the United
, States Geological Survey.
Col. Allen T. Bird, editor of The Oasis, a profound
student of the political hlnlory of our country, in the
fol. owing article favors Joint Statehood.
Students of politcal' history affirm that the constitu
tion of the United States was a compromise between the
representatives of the thirteen -original statea framing
that great Instrument and a series of compromises be
tween the states themselves. All Bijreed that there was
need for a closer bond of union than that contained In
the original Articles of Confederation framed during the
storm' and stress of the Revolution. Without some such
clocer bond there was danger of disintegration and con
flict between the states, which could not fall to be taken
Into advantage by Great Britain to again Invade Ameri
ca and compass reconqucst. The general government,
which was in reality but little more than a Congressional
committee, had no independent revenue, and for its run
ning expenses had to depend upon contributions levied
by Cougress upon the various states, which contribu
tions were never promptly paid. Individual states
levied tariff taxes upon imports from other states, caus
ing friction. Inconvenience and restraint upon trade.
Conflicting claims of the various states In the region
west of the Allegheny mountains caused strife and con
tention, reaching the very verge of open war. The fore
going category presents but a small portion of the evils
under which the American people suffered In the period
between the end of the Revolutionary war and the adop
tion of the constitution. All felt that a new fabric
of government should be contrived. mat ieiing iea iu is
the calling and assembling of a constitutional conven- IB
lion at Philadelphia, In 1787.
But when the delegates from the various states met
and organizel there Immediately developed a wide di
versity of opinion as to the necessary form and scope
of the proposed new charter of government. The small
ttates were apprehensive of the growing might and
power of those larger. The southern states feared the
rowth of the abo.ition Sentiment, which had already
ihown Itself in the north and they feared that sentiment
might achieve so great a weight that alavery would be
terminated, to the great loss and detriment of the people
of those statea where the labor system embraced human
oonciage; while there were in the convention delegates
ho wished the proposed fundamental law to provide
for final extinction of slavery. These are but a few of
be diverse views and interests with which the dele-
gatess faced one another on the floor of the convention.
To concede everything asked by any one state would
have immediately prevented approval by all the rest.
So with profound wisdom and splendid statesmanship
he delegates framed a charter which was a system of
compromises. The small states were pacified by crea-
ion of a bi-cameral legislative assembly, in one chani-
jer of which all states should have equal representation
here the original proposition was for a single ieglsla
ive chamber, with representation based upon popula
ion. The growing abolition sentiment was appeased
A-itu a limitation placed upon the African slave trade,
nd the slave states were satisfied by having the regu-
ation of domestic service left to the various states
jlany more compromises can be enumerated that 'were
ncluded in the instrument. As framed the constitu
don was not entirely acceptable to any single state.
Jut to make It in a measure acceptable to a.l, the dele
gates from each and every stale bad abandoned some
herisbed feature they wanted put into the proposed
undamental law, and had accepted many things they
did not want. '
When completed the constitution went to the varl
ous states for ratification. Generally conventions were
elected by the people of those states to consider the
nstrument and decide whether it should be ratified by
the' states. Ratification by nine waa necessary to so
ur e adoption of the instrument and set up the govern'
ent it provided. In many instances there prevailed Jhe
utmost hostility. to ratification. When the New York
convention assembled at Albany to consider the ques
tion of ratification or rejection, Alexander Hamilton, wno
had been a delegate to the constitutional convention in
'uiladelphla, found himself the leader of a forlorn hope
contending at desperate odds against an overwhelming
majority. But he bent himself to the herculean task
addressed the convention several hours daily through
several weeks, and by the sheer force of his genius se
cured a majority for ratification. In his argument he
admitted the constitution was not what he wanted, lior
was it entirely what was wanted by the people of New
York, But it was the best they could get, and he con
tended that it would be better to accept that and ratify
than to longer endure the evils of which they complained
More than nine states extended their ratifications al
most simultaneously. (Their conventions were all In
Bession at about the same time). New York was the
eighth to ratify. But some of them lagged and were
later In doing so. Rhode Island withheld ratification for
seven years, and did not enter the Union until 1794
Her people required that time to determine whether they
would accept the terms of union presented and accepted
by the rest of the states.
Lo, these many years the people of Arizona and New
Mexico have importuned the people of the states to give
them a chance to frame state governments and ratify
the Constitution of the United States, becoming thereby
full fledged American states. Heretofore that Importunity
has been neglected and Ignored. Finally the people of
the states, in Congress assembled, have taken notice of
the Importunity and have proposed a compromise. They
are not willing to admit two states, with Jointly less
than half a million population, to have twice the voting
strength In the United States senate than has New York
with eight millions, Pennsylvania wit seven millions
or Illinois and Ohio with five millions each. To get
the Constitution ratified and the Union created New
York, Pennsylvania and oilier large states were willing
to let Into the Union upon equal terms in the senate
the small states of New Hampshlro, Rhode Island, Con
necticut, Delaware, Maryland, etc. ThoRe states had
to bo induced to enter the compact. Without them
there could have been no Union, and chaos threatened
But now things are different. The Union is an accoin
pllshcd fact. States have to be cajoled to enter the
Union no longer. Several states have twice tho popu'
latlon the entire thirteen had In 1787. And the states
that were then small have now populations fully as great
us New York and Pennsylvania had then, while many of
the states since admitted have more people than had the
entire country at the time of adoption of the Constitu
tlou. Yet Arizona and New Mexico united would have
but little more population than what was the average
of a state when the Constitution was adopted. The peo
ple of the states have been thinking of these facts very
seriously, and they will not consent to admission of
these two territories separately. There is all there
Is to it. And the longer tho matter Is postponed the
more pronounced and more widely extended will be
the dissent of the states. Arizona and New Mexico
should not forget that the population of all the great
states eaut of the one hundredth meridian of longitude
are increasing by leaps and bounds. By the time
Arizona and New Mexico have Jointly reached a popu
lation of one million New York City will have sixteen
millions and that great city and Its state will be "six
teen to one" against granting the two territories sepa
rate statehood with four senators against only two for
The question has resolved itself to this proposition:
Will the puople of Arizona and New Mexico ratify the
Constitution of the United S4ates and enter the Union
upon terms of compromise offered by the states which
framed that Instrument? Or wl.l they emulate Rhode
Island, refuse to ratify anyway; and then finally accept
the terms of compromise offered? Bo far as may be
concerned The Oasis, It favors ratification now. Joint
statehood is all that can be secured. While that la not
what we want. It will be better than what we have. It
would be the part of wisdom to accept what can b sad.
For Sale, on
VO, 2Q, 25 Per Fvtonth
Q15, Q20, Q25, Q30 Per Month
Small Cash Payment Required
M. MOORE REALTY CO.,
2J9 West Gold Avenue.
BTRONO BLOCK ;
FAIRYIEW AND SANTA BAR
EX-MAYOR FAVORS -
; MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP
(Continued from Page 1.)
of Buying a thoroughly reliable
Ought to make itself evident to you without a lengthy consid
eration of the subject. If a cheap, unreliable instrument Is bought,
it will soon wear thin in tone and lose all charm and value. A re
liable Instrument will last for a lifetime and always give satisfac
tion. The pianos we carry in stock are low enough In price to be
reasonable and high enough to pay for the right sort of an instru
ment Take a look at the high grade Chlckerlng Bros', pianos. You
can see these beautiful instruments and the largest stock of music
and musical merchandise at
LEARNARD & LINDEMANN
The Square Music Dealers
ESTABLISHED IN 1900.
206 South Second St., Albuquerque,,
May we havs your ordert far piano tuning? ,
the citizens of this city desire to do;
that is the building or purchase of its
own water plant.
"I veuturu the assertion that the
city of Albuque.que could dispose ofj
to very good advantage, its water .
works bonds having interest at 3V4 or j
not to exceod 4 per cent. At four
tier cent the amount the city now
pays for water would pay the interest
on one nunureu anu nny mouuu
hilars of its water works bonds.
Hut." stated the reporter, 'pe.naps
the city aud the owners of the water
ulant could not get togetner as io
the price to be paid by the city for
the plant In the event of a negotia
tion ior a purchase."
This 1 do not believe." replied
r. Marron. "The value of this prop
erty can be arrived at Just the same
as any other piece of property, and
iurthermore it Is my opinion mat our
citizens desire that tho city should
be emintntly fair and equitable in
this matter. The same code ol
ethics applies to the city as to indi
viduals in the treatment ana solution
of questions like this. Now my Idea
Is this: That the city deal witn tne
water comn&ny with a view of talc
ing over this property; that a thor
oughly competent expert, a man who
Is- above suspicion and without price,
and there are plenty of them in the
country even If we have to go' as far
as New York for nlm, lot such a man
be empluyed I say, aud let him come
here and thoroughly expert this prop
erty and say what it is worth, he to
take into consideration what the com
pany owns, including the franchise
which lias yet fourtetn years to run
and tho contract with the city, and
all that. When this work has been
done by a man, such as I have Indi
cated, the price fixed by him, it
should lie satisfactory alike to the
city and to the water company.
Then you have some basis for an
agreement, and upon such a basis it
should nut be difficult for the two par
lies to get together.
"It has been suggested, and It may
be a good suggestion, as to that,
however, I do not care to express an
opinion, that the mayor and city
council appoint a commission of say
five or seven men, selected from our
leading business men, whose duties
would be to take up and go into this
whole matter, and as advisory only
to the city council, solve the prob
lems Involved and settle this matter
Intelligently and fairly for all time.
In the language of the day, my sug
gestion Is, 'Do it now.' "
Mrs. Own Dlntdala, Prop't.
JEMEZ HOT SPRINGS STAGE LINE
Carries the United States mall; only
line with a change of stock enroute;
good rigs, horses and drivers; leaves
Alblquerque every Tuesday and Sat
urday at 5 a. m. For particulars, ad
dress V. U Trimble & Co., agents,
Albuquerque, or J. B. BLOCK, pro
prietor, Perea, New Mexico.
The Chlckerlng Bros. Piano.
Sold by Learnard & Llndemann, Al
buquerque's music dealers. Is manu
factured in Chicago by Clifford C. and
Fred Chlckerlng, two brothers who
have had years of experience. They
know how to make a piano that
speaks for Itself. You can see and
hear the Chlckerlng Bros' pianos at
Learnard & Llndemann's, 206 South
IT IS EASY TO MAKE GOOD
BREAD WITH CLUB HOUSE
GROCERIES, FLOUR, HAY, GRAIN
AND THE BEST OF MEATS. IM
PORTED GOODS A SPECIALTY.
Call at No. 624 West Tijeraa Road.
Automatic Phone 109.
Old Telephone 276.
THE SOUTHWESTERN EMPLOY
Have applicants for office men, collec
tors, stenographers, dry goods and gro
cery clerks, men for real estate office,
porters, cooks, waitresses and laborers
If you are In need of such help. Com
municate' with them. References fur
nlshed. 110 So. Second St., Upstairs.
Telephone 195, Red.
See us before you buy a piano. That
is all we ask, Learnard & Llndemann,
New Mexico's Largest Music House
on Dental Work. Plates, $8.00;
Gold Crowns, $6.00; Fillings,
$1.00 up. Teeth extracted with,
out pain, 50c. All guaranteed.
IF YOU DO
Go to the mountains, let us give you
prices on camp outfits and eatables.
We have most everything needed In
We handle the finest canned meats
put up. Deviled ham, 6 for 25c; corned
beef, 2 for 25c; dried beef, 2 for 25c;
roast beef, 2 for 35c; lunch tongue, 2
for 35c; ham loaf, 15c; veal loaf, 15c;
beef loaf, 15c; chicken loaf, 15c; pot
ted chicken, 10c; very fine red salm
on, 15c per can; baked beans, 2-lb
can, good quality, 10c, or $1.10 per
dozen; condensed milk, good quality,
2 for 25c; Red Cross cream, 10c; good
quality cream, 3 for 25c; soda crack
ers, 3 lbs for 25c, 7c per lb by tha
box; fine ginger snaps, 3 lbs for 25c
Don't forget to take along some of
our 35c M. & S. coffee, at 25c.
Canned Fish Sardines, domestic
5c, of 6 for 25c; Sardines, Imported.
10c per can; aardines in mustard,
large, 10c per can; salmon, good qual
ity, 10c per can or 3 for 25c. Ail other
goods In proportion. Remember, we
guarantee all our goods. Your money
back If you want it. Goods delivered
to any part of the city.
THE CASH BUYERS' UNION,
Wm. Dolde, Proprietor.
Auto 'Phone, 592. 122 N. Second.
First-class board at 506 South Arnoj
Hear the tone of a dickering Bros'
piano then you will understand why
hundreds have been sold to musici
ans. You can see a magnificent line
of these beautiful pianos at Learnard
& Llndemann's, The Square Music
B. F. COPP, D. D. S.
Boom 12. N. T. Armio Sldg.
Something good. That free lunch at
the Whue i.ephant tonight.
TOO LATE T0 CLASSIFY
WANTRI Lady or gentleman of
fair education, to travel for a firm
of IL'OO.000 capital. Salaiy. 11.072
per year, and expenses; paid week
ly, and expenses advanced. Address,
with stamp, J. A. Alexander, Albu
querque, N. M.
FOUND A lady's watch. Owner
may have same by calling at this
office and describing property.
FOR SALE Alaskan refrigerator
and gasoline stove, very cheap, 124
South Bdltb street.
FOR SAir Three or four No. S
Smith Piemler typewriters. In good
condition; cheap lor cash. Geo. S.
Ramsay, corner of Fourth street
' and Railroad avenue.
Rio Grande Lumber Co.
General Building Supplies
Both Phonrs. A. H. EYN, Mgr.
3da d Marquette
H. E. FOX, New Mexico's Ladtng Jgwefor
Good Investment We are ACKNOWLEDGED HEADQUARTERS for
FINE DIAMONDS, WATCHES tha NEWEST CREATIONS In
JEWELRY. EASY MONTHLY PAYMENTS to RESPONSIBLE CUS
TOMERS. We are prepared to do Fins Watch' Work, Engraving and Stone
Setting Promptly. 8il AgenU for Celebrated
TECO POTTERY -
No risk is taken when you place
your order for drugs or family medi
cines with us. Ws fill every prescrip
tion in a careful, accurate wav and
guarantee the quality. Ask your doc
tor. J. H. O'RIELLY CO..
Free delivery In the city. Mall ord
ers sent out the same day they are received.
GLARKYILLE PRODUCE GO
HAY, GRAIN AND FEED
Wholesale and Retail.
HIDE8, PELTS AND WOOL.
J. B. McMANU8, Manager.
602 South First Street Both Phones
Boarding Horses a Specialty
EYES TESTED, GLASSES FITTED,
BEBBER OPTICAL COMPANY, 115