Newspaper Page Text
E EVENING CITIZEN".
AIJIUQUEIIQUE, NEW MKXICO. TH UK SI) AY EVENING, JULY IS, 11)05.
On His Trip to the Frozen
in Detail of How He Expects to Fight His
Way Through to the Pole.
New York. July 12. With $35,000
subscribed today toward his expedition
to reach the north JkjIo, Robert E.
Peary announces that he will start
this "week for the no.th. Commander
Peary's new Arctic ship, the Roose
velt, has been waiting several days
lor supplies, which could not be
bought on account of lack of funds.
The polar expedition, which has
been in preparation since October 15,
1904, has cost. $150,000, including to
day's subscriptions. The entire
amount has been given by American
business men to the Peary Actic club,
whose members are anxious that none
but Americans nave a hand in tuis
Mori is K. Jessup, president of the
club, subscribed $25,UO0 today, and
Thomas II. liubbard'gave a check for
Mr. Hubbard also offered to Join
wlti any "believer" in the north
pole expedition in putting $25,000 into
a fund to be divided among the mem
bers of the Peary party In case they
succeeded In reaching the pole and re
turning to New York within eighteen
months after their departure.
In announcing that his ship Is at
last ready. Commander Peary today
made public for the first time a dona
tion of $50,000, given by George
Crocker, in January.
The $u5,uou received yesterday
would be expended, Mr. Peary said,
for hand-picked coal and additional
scier-Mflc instruments. His party , is
complete, with the exception of a
Mrs. Peary will probably sail with
the expedition. Prom here the Roose
velt will proceed to Sydney, Cape Bre
ton, where the New York crew will
give up the ship to a picked crew,
which is already waiting on the Erik.
a, '"ip, it j i . ii n i av,vuiiijauj nic
Roosevelt to altitude 79. The Erik
will then return south, bringing Mis.
Peary with her.
(Photographs taken by Commander Pearv himself, on "his last expedition in 1902.
No. I. FORT CONGER, WINTER Ql'ARTKKS AND METEOROLIGICAL, STATION IN NORTH GREEN
LAND. No. 2. CAPB HAWKES, A HOLD LANDMARK IN NORTH GREENLAND. No. 3. ICE NAVIGATION
PEARY WRITES HIS
PLANS FOR THE DASH
THE FAMOUS EXPLORER TELLS
OF THE ROUTES TO THE POLE.
AND THE ONE HE HAS SELECT
ED FOR THIS TRIP.
By Commander R. E. Peary.
(Copyright, 1905, by the Newspaper
A little less than four centuries
ago the first expedition started out
time, with periods of greater or less
Intensity, practically all the civ
ilized nations of the earth have made
attempts to reach the charmed spot.
Millions have been expended in
these efforts, and, though they have
brought back information and acces
sions to scientific knowledge, which
have fully repaid the expenditures,
the main object remains 6ti!l unat
talned. The ablest writers, scientists,
geographers, statesmen and rulers
have been interested in the matter,
and have urged the prosecution or
toward the north pole. Since that
the work with all the eloquence at
l4 s li
Country Peary Writes
their command. Many of their re
marks upon the subject have be
As a result of all these explorations
extending through nearly four cen
turies, the possible routes to the north
pole have dwindled to three. In my
own personal opinion, they have
dwindled to two, but I note the three.
Kirst. the drift method, as devised
inaugurated and put into execution by
Nansen. The possibilities of this
method are acknowledged by every
one, but It by no means follows that
another ship or even the Fram her
self in a second attempt, would be as
fonuuaie as she was iu the first voy
Again, It requires a man of excep
tional temperament and a crew of al
most superhuman qualities to under
take a voyage which means that for
four or five years at least, ship and
ptople are but a helpless bit of flot-
sam, entirely at the mercy of the ice
Ill . -W
in which they are drifting, and prac-jthe
tit-ally unable to control their own
fortunes or contribute by their efforts
Presumably Nansen and Sverdmp
are advocates of this route, yet
neither has to my knowledge ex
presHed a desire to repeat the ex
perience of the Pram's voyage. Der
nier is reported as contemplating a
repetition of the voyage.
The second route is the so-called
Franz Josef land route, Wellman,
Baldwin, and the late Mr. Ziegler were
advocates and adherents of this route.
If there are other, I do not lecall
them at present.
Payer and Weyprecht, Leigh Smith,
Jackson, Wellman. Abruzzl, and Bald
win have all exploited the Hranz Josef
land route with greater or less suc
cess. Of these various expeditions,
however, Abruzzi'i is the only one
that has succeeded in pushing beyond
the northern limit of the Fianz Josef
aieblpelago. He is not at all In favor
of this route. In fact, he uncompro
misingly advocates, in words I snail
quote later, the third the Smith
sound, or "American route"
I assume that all of my hearers
are familiar in a general way. with
what I shall attempt to do, and how
I shall attempt to do it, but I have
. T : 1
M l by COMMANDER
vy - tMi-.Sp-p'-
l 1 , - J
-r ' 1 at ft. i-i-V L.'r c
rr" tr-i-V-fr-fr- 'l"MM,iiWi"',."-ilwrwgimM i .i rvtl lrr-'-V " mam m
-Jti - -. mWk
TUB ROOSEVELT, PEARY'S NEW SHIP. THE STAUNCH EST,
BK3T KITTED SHIP THAT EVER SOUGHT THE NORTH POLE,
noticed so many misapprehensions At this sub-base I expect to as
& o details on the part of otherwise semble a considerable portion of the
well informed people, that I feel a least effective members of the tribe
brief exposition of certain points may with such surplus dogs I do not
not be out of place. care to take with me further north
The Peary Arctic club's new ship, on the Roosevelt,
the Roosevelt, built by the club for; Here they will be in touch with the
the purpose of Actic exploration, will walrus hunting grounds of Ktah and
sail from New York, proceeding thence Sountag bay, and the musk ox pas
from Sydney, Cape Ureton, wheie she tures of Ellesmere land,
will take on all the coal possible, and; This sub-base will be "properly
then steam north across the Gulf of supplied with provisions and equip
St. Lawrence, through the Straits of ment. and will be in oharzo of two
Belle Isle, thence to the west coast
of Greenland, and follow this to Mel
ville bay, where the first ice barrier
is likely to be encountered.
At the time when the Roosevelt ar
rives here, however, the latter part
of July, this ice barrier is likely to
he so weakened and disrupted as to
permit the comparatively easy pass
age of the Roosevelt to Cape York,
H degrees north latitude, which is
the southern limit of the stretch of
Greenland coast line inhabited by the
u hale Sound Eskimos.
The bark rigged Bteam whaler, Erik,
foimerly belonging to the Hudson Bay
company, now owned in St. Johns,
Newfoundland, will leave St. Johns
about the 10th of July, and proceed to
Sydney. Cape Breton, where she v.
then steam north, following the same
route as the Roosevelt, to rtndesvous
with the Roosevelt at or near Cape
The Erik will then proceed to
Etah, near Littleton Island, where
she will deposit a depot of 200 or 300
tons of coal on Reindeer Point,
where I had my coal cache in 1898
to 1902, while the Roosevelt will visit
native settlements along the coast
and in the bays secure the necessary
dogs and take on board the Eskimo
- I v 5 1 .. ..
hunters and families who are to assist
in the work of the expedition.
These Eskimos will gladly welcome
my return, and will eagerly come on
board tor another scout with me to
the far north, the "Oomingmuk Nuna,"
' (Musk Ox land), of their ancestors,
land I shall have no difficulty In util
izing the utmost efforts and resources
of the entile tribe for the work be
Both ships will meet again In
Whale, or Wolbtenholme, sound, where'
a number of days will be devoted to
hunting walrus, dozens of which can
be secured in a single favorable night, i
and tons of their meat and blubber
obtained In a few days.
The individual animals weigh from
1,500 to perhaps 3,000 pounds apiece,
and the rich, dark meat, the heat
giving blubber and the tough, fibrous
skin afford valuable food for the Eb-i
klmo dogs and their masteis.
Both hlps will return to the vi
cinity of Etah and Littleton Island.1
and, If the ice conditions permit, I
will establish my contemplated sub-1
base at Cape Sabine, or the eastern
end of Bacbe peninsula, on the Elles
mere Land side of the channel. I
white men, who in addition to their
duties in connection with the work of
the expedition, will devote all the
time .possible to collecting in this
rich zoological region.
England's Master Pied Equal
to Any Two Wow
ONLY BIG GUNS ARE. TO i IftED
London, July 13. The construction
of the largest and most powerful bat
tle ship in the world is soon to begin
at the Portsmouth dock yard. It is
planned to build the vessel, from the
laying of the keel to the hoisting of
the pennant, in a period of sixteen
months. Thirty to thirty-six months
is the average time at present devot
ed to the, building of battle ships of
smaller si.e. This rapidity is calcu
lated to result in great economy, but
nevertheless, the cost is estimated at
nearly $o.noo,0u0. So heavily will
this vessel be armed that Bhe will be
equal to any two battle ships now
afloat, and her striking power at such
a range as that at which the engage
ment opened in the battle of the Sea
of Japan, will he as great as any three
battle ships of the oidinury type. The
displacement will be about 18,000
tons. The Deadnought, as this bat
tle slilp will be called, win mount
twelve 12-inch guns of the latest type,
throwing three 600-pound shells every
two minutes. The vessel will be
driven by turbines, and will be able
to steam at upwards of twenty knots
an hour. She will carry no secondary
The elimination of the six-Inch guns,
borne by practically all the battle
ships of the world hitherto, In one of
the main lessons dedurted from the
long range actions which have been
fought in the far east. The essential
reatme of a battle ship in modern
conditions. It is now realized, must
be ability to deliver stunning blows
at a distance of five or six miles, and
this, the Deadnought. wlfh her dozen
great jruns, wITl be able to do with ter
rific effect. No battle ship has hith
erto mounted more than four of these
A St. Louis Ex-Alderman on
Trial and Denies He
HIS ANSWERS ARE POSITIVE
Troy. Mo., July 13. The trial of
I. fcdward Albright, a former mem
ber of the Su Ixjuis house of delegates,
on the charge of bribery In connection
with the passage of the suburban rail
way franchise bill. Albright took tlie
stand in his own defense today. He
ueniea ueing present at any meeting
of the combine, when It was announced
that the suburban bill bad been In
troduced, and the sum of $40,000
could be obtained by the "combine."
or being present at a meeting at the
house of delegates at which there was
talk of boodle money.
"Did you at any time take a bribe
to cast your vote for this suburban
bill, or did you promise to accept
gratuity or reward for voting for the
bill?" was asked.
-No, never; 1 gwcar to that; never,"
"You took $2,B00 for voting for
the city lighting bill, didn't you?"
asked Circuit Attorney Eager.
"I did not," was the quick reply.
TO GOOD JOB
He Has Not Resigned as
Director of the
Tramp Killed Identified as
One of Escaped Convicts
from McNeill Island.
A FATAL .POWDER EXPLOSION
New York, July 13. Senator Depew
has not resigned as a, director of the
Equitable Life Assurance society.
. iiis announcement was made today
by Chairman Paul Morton, when bis
attention was directed to an Interview
with the senator In Paris yesterday.
Morton said before Depew sailed for
Europe a few weeks ao, that he called
at the Equitable offices and told fh?
chairman be would lesign as a di
rector and that ho had no objections
to his $20,0oo a year position as
special counsel to the society being
abolished. No formal presentation
has ever been made, however,, and
Morton said he was unprepared to
say whether or nrt It would be ac
cepted if tendered.
INSTITUTE OF INSTRUCTION
Portland. Me.. July 13. Today will
see the close of the seventy-fifth an
nual convention of tae American In
stiute of Instruction. The foimal pro
gram will be completed this evening,
with the general session, at which
president Carroll D. Wright of Clark
college and Prof. Herbert E. Mills, of
Vassar college, will be present. A
number of addresses were made dur
ing the afternoon.
TRAMP KILLED WAS
Tacoma, July 13. The tramp who
was shot at Ellenburg yesterday by
Sheriff Thomas lias been Identified
by a guard from McNeill island as an
escaped ronvict from the federal
prison. Thirty tramps were arrested
and one of them was identified as an
other conylct. Of the eight convict
who escaped on the Fourth of July,
only one now remains at liberty.
CHINAMEN KILLED BY
Oiikland. Cal., July 13. William
Dwyer and seven Chinamen were
killed this morning by an explosion
at the giant powder works, ten mllPB
from here. Fire broke out after the
explosion and other explosions may
occur. The first explosion occurred
in the mixing house.
Chautauqua Gathering in
and Druggists Convene.
DEMOCRATIC EDITORS MEET
Marinette, Wis., July 13. The
tenth annual session of the Northern
Chuatauqua assembly opened auspl
ciously today and will continue until
the end of the month. The attend
ance Is large and the program the beat
ever prepared for the assembly meet
ing. The prominent speakers to be
heard include Governor La Follette,
Oliver W. Stewart and the Kev. Dr.
Newel Dwlght Hlllis.
Hawkeye Hardware Dealers.
Mason City. Iowa. July 13. The an
nual convention and outing of the
Iowa Hardware Dealers association
began here today and will continue
over tomorrow, the time being dlvld
ed between business sessions in town
and features of entertainment and
amusement at Clear Lake. The at
tendance is unusually large and the
convention gives promise of being one
of the most successful ever held un
der the auspices of the association.
Iowa Druggists Meet.
lKs Moines, Iowa, July 13. Sev
eral hundred druggists from various
parts of the state are taking part in
the annual meeting of the Iowa State
Pharmaceutical association, which
began its sessions at the Elks' club
today. An elaborate program for the
entertainment of the visitors has been
prepared by the local members of the
association. The discussion of mat
ters of interest and importance to the
trailo' will occupy the business ses
sions. Democratic Editors of Indiana.
French Lick Springs, lnd., July 13.
The men who work with pen and
brain the year round to keep the Dem
ocratic party in lighting nbape in the
HooHler state, are gathered here in
force for the annual midsummer meet
ing of the Indiana Democratic Ed
itorial association. Thomas Taggart,
chairman of the national committee,
and proprietor of the French Lick
hotel, id the host of the convention,
and he has prepared many surprises!
in the way of entertainment. The
onventlon will remain in session for
three days. I
PLOT TO BLOW UP
THE CZAR DISCOVERED
Dynamite Found Under
Peace Delegates-Terrorists After General
TrepoffRussian Horrors Growing.
Ixndon, July 13. The following
from the correspondent of the Tele
graph at Vienna says:
"Private letters from St. Petersburg
state that the police have discovered
elaborate preparations for blowing up
the castle of Ilinskoje, near Moscow,
where the czar with the imperial fam
ily Intended to take up brief residence.
Beneath the apartments destined for
his majesty's use, a subterranean pass
age is said, to have been found leading
to the cellar where 250 pounds of dy
namite iay concealed. The police have
made many arrests, apprehending,
among others, two engineers who con
ducted the cleaning and decorating of
the apartments at the castle. The ciar
has given up all idea bf staying at
WITTE WILL REPRESENT
RUSSIA AT CONFERENCE
St. Petersburg, July 13. Emperor
Nicholas has signed the appointment
of M. Witte, president of the commit
tee of ministers, to be chief plenipo
tentiary representing tho Russian gov
ernment in the peace negotiations to
be conducted next month in the Uni
ted States. The appointment, which
was signed after midnight, clothes
Witte with plenary powers. The offi
cial notification of the designation of
Witte to head the mission was for
warded to Washington this morning.
Serglus Witte, Russian plenipotent
iary may be regarded as the loading
liberal statesman of Russia. For the
last thirteen years he has been one
of the strongest personalities in Rus
sian beaucraey, although his political
fortunes received a eet-back when he
was compelled to resign the portfolio
of minister of finance in August, 1903
and again, when after being appointed
president of the council of ministers
In the same month bis office gradually
lost Its importance until rumors of his j
intention to resign and go abroad had I
been persistently circulated. Witte Is J
at years oiu ana nas steaany worneu
himself up from the position of under
paid railroad clerk, who occasionally
acted as porter to leading Russian
statesmen. He was created a count In
1901. Witte is thoroughly familiar with
the far eastern question In all Its bear
ings. He understands the Japanese,
position and fully realized before the
war that aggressive po'icy being push
ed under the lead ot Viceroy Alexleff.
At one time Witte talked over the
situation with Marquis Ito, president
of the Japanese privy council and one
of the leading statesmen of Japan. ;
Practically It was Witte's disapproval j
of Russia's far eastern policy and the
creation of vlceroyalty in the far east 1
which caused the down fall of Witte. !
BY THE TERRORISTS !
St. Petersburg, July 13. The resig
nation of M. Douligon, as minister of
the Interior, Is daily expected. Genera!
Trepoff, assistant minister of the in
terior, will probably bo hU successor.
Terrorises have renewed their warn
ings iiftaln.st Trepoff with ' ominioua
persistence. The general is constantly
receiving letters signed by the exe
cutive committee of tho fighting or
ganization Informing hlrr of hid hour
to come. They say:
"Your sentence will be executed in
your room. Yon will die in bed."
Moreover Trepoff knows enough of
the desperateness of the organization
to firmly believe the terrorists are
able to execute their threat. He makes
no concealment of tho fact that he ex-
Has Opened a Campaign
Against "The System"
AFTER ARIZONA POLYCAMISTS
St. Paul, Minn., July 13. Thomas
W. Lawsou, the Boston financier who
has been doing platform "stunts"
through Kansas, Nebraska and Iowa
and telling the people of those states
of the wickedness of the Staudard OH
crowd, Is due in St. Paul today and it
Is expected that he will give the peo
ple of the Twin Cities a chapter or bo
on "Frenzied Finance" before he
leaves for the east. While in the city
Mr. Lawsou will be the guest of Gov
ernor Johnson, who, on behalf of the
state of Minneasota, is deeply inter
ested In the fight against tho oil mon
opoly. AFTER ALLEgTtJ
Prescott. Arizona, July 13. Twenty
one federal grand jurors have com
menced to Investigate ten cases of
alleged polygamy brought to their at
tention by United States Attorney F.
S. Nave, who for two months has had
secret service men In Apache county,
among the Mormon settlers, gathering
Attorney Nave is acting under In-
structlons received from Washington, j
During the recent visit of several Ben-j
ators to i-noenix me auegeu polygamy
in Apache county reached their ear
and they at once communicated with
Deputy United States Marshal W. F.
Hill has returned from Apache county,
where he subpoenaed between thirty
and forty witnesses, who have arrived
at Prescott to testify before the fader-
Castle-Witte Will Head
pects to be killed but bis nerv la
"I will at least die at my post of
duty," he says.
Privately. Trepoff takes a gloomy
view of the future of autocracy la
which he believes. He is confident It
given untrammeled power, he could
restore the old status in a year, but
the present vaccllat.lnff policy h
thinks, wili end only in ruin.
Paris, July 13. A St. Petersburg
correspondent of "Echo d'Parla"
states that the declination of M. Mursy
vieff to head the Russian peace ml
sion was based partly on the state
of his health and partly on the fact
that his allowance for expense to
cover the period of his sojourn In
America was only 15.000 rubles which
amount he considered Insufficient
owing to the great cost of living in tho
United States. Witte twice refused
to become successor to Muravleft oa
the mission on the ground that ha
did not wish to be a mere figurehead
In the transmission to Emperor Nicho
las or peace terms offered by Japan.
His selection, thprefnro la kn n
mean that the emperor has yielded to
n-.s insistance that real powers of
p:enlpotentlary be conferred upon
Russla'a principal representative oa
the peace mission.
St. Petersburg '.Till 1.1 Vowa rmP
the horrors committed at Nakichevan.
in tne province of Erlvan, which Is
published here, relate that the Ar
menians In that reelon havn hem mm.
pletely ruined. Their houses havw
been demolished and burnt down, their
personal belongings looted, their cat-
ne carried orr, their crops destroyed
or left to perish, churches and schools
sacked, and holy Images torn down
and broken. At BadamJu 800 Cnrla
inns and a priest were converted by
force to Islamlsm, a dozen boya were
mutilated, and the church was trans
formed Into a mosque. At Djagrakh
women are stated to have been out
raged before their husbands and sons,
while thirty-seven men were beheaded
in the presence of their- wives and -children.
These atrocities are said to
have been the result in part of, tho
agitation carried on by certain per
sons who find excellent ground for
their propaganda in the gross Ignor
ance and brutality of the Tartar and
Russian population, and enjoy the se
ret protection and encouragement of
St. PerersburK, July 13. Rumors
are current that four grenadier regi
ments at Moscow have mutinied and
that at Warsaw yesterday certain of
ficers refused to give the command to
their men to fire on tho people who
were making demonstration. Not tho
slightest confirmation, however.
LEADERS OF RIOTS
HANGED AT ODESSA
Odessa, July 13. Twenty-four lead
ers of the recent disturbances hero
were hanged today in various prisons.
Another batch of seventeen -will be
publicly executed upon the arrival of
General Ignatleff, president of special
conference for the revision of excep
tional laws designed for safeguarding
al grand Jury. Twelve of them ap
peared before that body and admit
having been questioned about nothing
save the polygamy cases. One of
them is known to have given testi
mony about one Mormon settler who
may be Indicted for having five wives.
Though no Indictments have been
made public, It is nevertheless true
that Deputy Marshal Hill has returned
north. It is hinted that he baa gone
to Apache county to make an import
"I am not divulging anything as
yet," says Attorney Nave, "but sensa
tional developments can be expected
from this grand Jury investigation.
A PRIVATE BANK
FAILED THIS MORNING.
Springfield, July 13. The Cltiens .
bank of Yellow 8prlngs, a private in- '
stitution. failed to open its doors to
day. It is thought that the depos
its are between 125,000 and $30,000.
TON CASE LEAK
Washington, !. C, July 13 Inves
tigation by the United States district
attorney into the cotton case leak,
wih a view of evolving evidence upon,
which to secure indictment or lBr
dit-tuients, will begin today or tomor
row. DEATH WAVE OF
HEATJN NEW YORK
New York, July 13. Five deaths
from heat were reported un ta 11
o'clock today. The temperature was
degrees. The weather bureau re
ported that no relief was in sight.
Crop Outlook In the Northwest.
Chicago, 111., July. Officials of the
Northwestern, Durlington, Rock lal
and other ralirods of the northwest
are pessimistic regarding crop condi
tions in that section. Tbey declare
that while there has been more or leas
bad weather the reports have been
much exaggerated as to the damagts