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ALUUQUEKOUE EVENING CITIZEN.
THURSDAY AUGUST 3, 1905.
THE ALBUQUERQUE CITIZEN
By The Citizen Publishing Company
Published Daily and Weekly
W. 8. STRICKLER W. T. McCREIGHT
President liuslncss Manager
THE HUNGARIAN CRISIS.
The Citizen prints today, on another page, an Impor
tant article on the trouble between Hungary and Austria,
written by Francis Kossuth, the leader of the Hungarian
nation In Its struggle against Emperor Franz Josef, and
the man who will guide, the deBtinles of Hungary If the
Magyar nation follows the example of Norway and re
solves to set up in business for itself.
We In America need not take sides In the debate on
the expediency of the question that has led to the paraly
sis of parliamentary government in Hungary. The crux
of the controversy Is the demand of the Hungarians that
their language be the language of command In the Hun
garian army. There are sound arguments for both sides'
of the question, not the least powerful of them being
against the use of the Magyar tongue. Almost certainly,
If Austro-Hungary should be engaged in war and one-half
of the army were unfamiliar with the language In com
mand of the other half there would be confusion and dan
ger of disaster.
But this question has now given way to the far great
er Issue of the will of one man against the will of a na
tion. Hungary for reasons that are sufficient to itself, de
mands that its own language be the language of its own
army. The emperor, Franz Josef, demands that the lan
guage of Austria, the German tongue, be continued in the
Hungarian army. In the struggle over that Issue Ameri
cans can have but one opinion. The king-emperor must
bow to the will of the people. Hungary is a self-contained
monarchy with a constitutional government, and what
its people demand through a majority In Its parliament
must come to pass, or, as Mr. Kossuth says, there is no
difference between absolutism and constitutionalism.
LESSON IN IRRIGATION.
"Chicago, the Great Central Market, a Magazine of
Business," published by the Chicago Commercial associa
tion, is authority for the statement that the entire pop
ulation of Japan is about forty-five million, of which
thirty million is a farming, or ratHer gardening, popula
tion and this vast population of thirty million farmers
and their families is sustained on nineteen thousand
square miles of irrigated land. There is no agriculture iu
Japan but irrigated agriculture. They have learned that
water is the greatest fertilizer known to nature, and save
and utilize it with the same care that they use every
other available process for the fertilization of their fields.
Nineteen thousand square miles would be comprised
In a strip of land a fraction over 135 miles long and 135
miles broad, or which could be contained In New Mexloo
neariy seven times.
This statement Is simply astounding, and yet It Is
true. On this country, which If put together in rectan
gular form would be approximately 1:55x135 miles, 30,000,
000 of farmers and families are maintained, and the pro
ducts of the land in addition serve for the principal sup
port of the remaining 15,000,000 of Japan's population.
The cultvated fields of Japan sustain more than 1,500
people to the 640 acres, not to Include the 15,000,000
whose sustenance, as already said, Is almost exclusively
derived from the same acres.
This Is an indication of what New Mexico may be
come under rational farming and efficient irrigation.
THE SOCIAL. EVIL.
The sociai evil has been the most refractory of ail
problems since man first entered on the experiment of
civil government. It has come to be called a "necessary''
evil and many have adopted the theory that It Is insepar
able from the existence of the human race. Some hav.,
gone farther and have contended that It Is essential to
protect from attack the purity of the ordinary family.
In recent years the effort by municipal governments,
almost universally in Europe and quite generally In Amer
ica has been to regulate the evil rather than to attempt Its
suppression. This regulation has had reference to health
Inspection, confinement to designated localities, and the
Infliction of heavy nionetery exactions to prevent Its un
due li.crease and to pay for the extra police expenses
which the control of the evil, of necessity, imposes ou the
This matter has been brought with grt-at emphasis
to the attention of the people of Albuquerque by the sui
cide of a young woman, charged by the police as having j
belonged lo the demimonde, though this charge seems to
lack somewhat of proof and is denied witn. vehemence
equal to that with which it is asserted.
The truth or fa.sity of the charge will probably never
now be known, since the pitiable girl pitiable if false,
more pitiable if true has gone to that account where hu
man testimony is not considered. She claimed, it is said,
that she had been hounded by the police from the time of
her arrlvru in tow n and that finally a "line" had been laid
upon her as a common courtezan, the disgrace of which
she could not survive; and thus it came about that:
"One more unfortunate,
Weary of breath
Went to her death."
It cannot be denied that there is a great deal of In
dignation in the town, and that but litt.e else has been
talked about in the last two days. The fault Is generally
laid at the door of the city government, which lias been
carrying out a system of largely paying the expenses of
the police department by Imposition of fines phic-jd upon
women whose virtue was deemed to be not above sus
picion. The Citizen thinks' that this system is radically
wrong, and that when ever Albuquerque procl'iims to the
public that, the receipts from her department of police
are greater than the costs to the city of the department,
she is proclaiming her own shame. The conclusion Is In
evitable, either that vice superabounds in Albuquerque or
Albuquerque permits and encourages vice for the revenue
the city derives from it. The Citizen sincerely hopes the
city council will look into this matter, and place the gov
ernment of it upon an entirely different basis, so that the
temptation may be removed from the police dejmtment
to impose fines where not due, and thus the politv force
be relieved from criticisms quite prevalent In tl.e la a few
The Citizen invites attention to an Interview iu this
Issue with Marshal McMillln, in which he not only pre
sents the side of the unfortunate question fro tuc po
lice standpoint, but in which he also expresses the desire
of himself and of his entire force that the council shall
make a complete investigation of the affair.
HARRY FERGUSON WIRES
SMPATHY TO CZAR NICHOLAS
Dear Czar of all the Itusslas:
1 feel for you. I've often had tough luck myself. I've
had the main cog break on press day and the devil off at
a ball game. And out on my experiment farm, I've had
the off mare kick the hired hand In the lumbar regions
tight In harvest time and tho same day the sow laid on
five of my best pigs. We all have to contend with some
kind of Japs or other troubles.
it's hard luck, to be sure. Hut brace up! Instead of
fighting Japs for more sea coast and Korea and getting
licked once a day, give your office hours to fighting op
pression and Ignorance nearer home. You need more
gray matter In the average Russian cerebrum and less
yellow In Korea.
At any rate, a sea coast is an expensive thing to
maintain after you have gotten it once. We have tried
it here In the Vnited States.
First, we shed our blood in getting possession of our
east coast. .Now every summer we are giving some of
the best blood of the nation to those Atlantic mosquitos.
Then we fought for liberty. Now we fight bad beer and
l-ach boarding houses.
Then we suffered at Valley Forge. Now we spend our
substance eating clam chowder and turtle soup, embell
ished with orangeade and seltzer water, in big summer
hotels, while the band plays.
Then we bought government bonds to support a war
for freedom. Now we buy Amalgamated Copper, Steel
common and other aqueous vapor to fortify Wall street
against any encroachmeuts of Inland power and a Just
distribution of wealth.
Then wo went into the trenches at Bunker hill and
Brandy wine. Now we bask in the breakers of Atlantic
City, Coney Island and Newport, fighting Cupids darts,
and sometimes flirt and be co-respondents and other
evils of the social fabric.
The pace grows faster and faster and costs millions
to keep up.
The columns of bayonets are no more. But mighty
battalions of bare limbs fortify our otherwise upprotected
And tralnload after trainload of munitions of war are
shipped from Milwaukee and other great dispensaries,
greater than Russia ever knew.
I sincerely advise you to give up all designs on that
eastern sea coast.
Even though the Japanese were willing, which you
no doubt see Is not the case, it would be an expensive
luxury. A Wall street and broadwalk would spring up
before you knew it.
The first think I think you ought to do for the na
tion's future welfare ,1s to make the game laws open all
the year around for dukes and other bureaucrats.
Put a liberal bounty on them. Eradicate the evil as
soon as you can.
And instead of buying more powder and Cossack
saddles man your barracks with school teachers armed
with text books. i
Get Mayor Weaver of Philadelphia a few days if you
And give the press of the nation freedom to lampoon,
harpoon and cartoon everything that is loose, from the
Neva to the Yellow sea.
Nicholas, you have lost heavily in some respects;
but you have gained in others. You have learned some
.Trusting these words of comfort may cheer you and
help sustain you in your trials, I am Yours truly,
' HARRY FERGUSON.
SOME STORIES WISE
AND SOME OTHERWISE
A Virginia mountaineer who had strayed to Rich
mond on an excursion, and who, as his holiday progress
ed, became rather hilarious, grew overconfident of his
own greatness. Looking around at his companions, says
the Baltimore Sun, he boasted vainly.
"Gentlemen," ho said, "I kin lick any man in Rich
mond." No one offered to dispute the assertion, and he tried
"Gentlemen," he said, "I kin lick any man In the
whole Btate of Virginia."
The words were hardly out of his mouth before a
tall, sinewy man from his own part of the state entered
the game and gave the boaster a good thrashing.
The mountalner had a sense of humor. He slowly
picked himself up and faced the group to which he had
"Gentlemen," he said, "I am now ready to acknowl
edge that I ilvvered too much territory in that last statement."
The Las Vegas Optic complains that the Sunday
closing law is not observed in Its home city, and the New
Mexican thinks that "while the Sunday observance law is
on the statute books, its provisions should bo carefully
and consistently carried out. What is sauce for Santa Fe
should be sauce for all the larger towns In the territory
as Las Vegas, Albuquerque, Roswell, Raton, Silver City
and so on and so forth. It not, why not?" The Citizen
would suggest that this is a question of local will. If the
people of any incorporated town want Sunday closing,
they can very easily secure it under the existing law.
If they do not want It, the law cannot but be Inoperative.
Not so very long since, a certain organization In El Paso
determined to abolish gambling and enforce Sunday
closing. They succeeded in the first, failed in the second.
WhyT Because THE PEOPLE, the supreme power, op
posed gambling and opposed Sunday closing. In gambling
cases conviction followed indictment In Sunday closing
cases not a conviction could be obtained. Every man
prosecuted was cleared by a Jury of his peers. The ef
fort was abandoned, and Sunday observance does not ob
tain In El Paso today.
David B. Hill has also lost $5,000 a year by the revis
ion ot the Equitable salary list It is bard to strike a
streak of "high finance" in this country without uncover
ing a "conservative democratic" politician, either on the
round floor or In the cellar.
At The Captain's Table.
As the liner cleared the heads, and the heavy swell
of the open Atlantic became noticeable, dinner was
served. The twenty-six places at the captain's table were
filled; and as as the soup appeared, the captain addressed
his table companions:
"I trust that all twenty-six of you will have a pleas
ant trip," he said, " and that this little assemblage of
twenty-four will reach port much benefitted by the voy
age. I look upon the twenty-two smiling faces as a father
upon his family, for I am responsible for the lives of this
group of nineteen. I hope all fourteen of you will Join me
later In drinking to a merry trip. I believe we seven
fellow passengers are admirably suited to each other, and
I applaud tho Judgment which chose from the passenger
list these three persons for my table. You and I, my
dear sir, are"
The captain chucked. "Here, steward, bring on my
fish, and clear away these dishes." Puck.
Mother Was Satisfied.
Robert is the only child of a Chicago couple. He is
just six years old and started to school with the begin
ning of the year. At that time his parents made him an
allowance of twenty-five cents a week. But Robert has
developed a great loquacity in slang during his two
months at Bchool, a fact which causes his doting mamma
"Now, Robbie, said the mother, after she pondered
over the problem, "every time you use a slang word I
will fine one cent and take It out of your allowance.
When you say 'darn it' you will be fined five cents."
Robert appeared to be impressed and bis mother was
pleased ,but finally he spoke up.
"Huh!" he uuswered. "I know a word that would
cost a quarter."
His mother did not press him for any further information.
General Sherman once had occasion to stop at a
country home where a tin basin and a roller towel on the
back porch sufficed for the family ablutions. For two
mornings the smart boy of the household watched In
silence the visitor's efforts at making a toilet under the
unfavorable auspices, but when on the third day the
toothbrush, nail file, whisk broom, etc., had been duly
used and returned to their places in the traveler's grip.
he could suppress his curiosity no longer, so boldly put
the question; "Say, mister, air you always that much
trouble to yo'se'f?" July Lipplncott.
Mother Wat Satisfied.
There Are Several Reasons
Leamard & Lindcmann Are
You know this is vacation time. Mr.
H. L. I.lndemann will spend two
weeks In Alhuqiit: quc's mountain re
sorts. UHn his return, business will
take Mr. Lenrnard to Portland. Mr.
H. Jay Stone is thinking about Cali
fornia, and will shortly leave on his,
first regular semi-annual touring trip
ot all western towns, including Gal-i
lup, Holbrook, Wlnslow. Flagstaff, WU-
lanis and Needles. I
Notwithstanding our unequaled sales'
during the past few months, this mu-1
sic house has a very large stock of
pianos, including a number of re
turned rented pianos, and in order to
make room for the two car loads of i
pianos recently purchased for early
September shipment, we will sell all
the pianos on our salesroom floor at i
special reduced bargain prices. I
If you are Interested or want to .
talk business or find out Just what!
we mean, drop in and talk it over
with the Square Music Dealers. DO
When out (o buy a PIANO call and see our Fine
You are welcome to look, whether you Intend to buy now or are merely
In search of suggesti6ns.
LtARNARD & LINDEMANN,
THE SQUARE MUSIC DEALERS.
EVERYTHING KNOWN IN MUSIC. .
CATALOGUE FREE. Write for It.
San Jose Day at Portland.
Portland, Ore., Aug. 3. This was
San Jose day at the .exposition, and
It proved one of the most successful
of the special days set aside In honor
of the chief cities of the Pacific slope.
I here was a large delegation on hand
ftoni the California city, headed by
Mavor Worswiek and other tity.olli-
The -visitors gathered In the Cali
fornia building this forenoon and
listened to addresses of welcome by
President Goode of the exposition
company, and others, to which felic
itous responses were made. After
the formal exercises were concluded,
the visitors dispensed to Inspect the
sights of the exsition, and particu
larly the interesting displays Illus
trating the products of the famed
Santa Clara valley.
FAIRVIEW AND SANTA BAR
Ready for Great Athletic Meet.
Portland, Ore., Aug. 3. Everything
Is In readiness for the opening tomor
row of the g eit athletic meet to de
termine the championships of the Am
ateur Athletic union of America. The
meet, will undoubtedly be the greatest
affair of Its kind ever pulled off on the
Pacific coast. Crack athletes have
traveled thousands of miles, from
New York, Chicago, Milwaukee and
other points throughout the east and
middle west to contest in the various
Thomas Hall, the well known pi
ano tuner, is in town, and will be here
all this month. Any one desiring to
hnve their pianos tuned will please
send orders to 506 South Arno street,
or telephone automatic No. 306.
George Arnot, the well known and
popular manager of the local grocery
establishment of Gross, Kelly & Co.,
returned last night from a business
visit to Rwanda, Willard, Santa Rosa
JEMEZ HOT SPRINGS STAGE LINE
parries the United States mall; only
line with a change of stock enroute;
good rigs, horses and drivers; leaves
Alblquerqne every Tuesday and Sat
urday at 6 a. m. For particulars, ad
dress W. I Trimble & Co., agents,
Albuquerque, or J. H. BLOCK, pro
prietor, Perea, New Mexico.
The Albuquerque Transfer Co.
handles any old thing. Call at
No. 110 West Gold avenue. Au-
tomatlc 'phone 362. Bell 'phone
A NEW BANK
Will not do you any good unless you
have some money to put In It. The
surest way to get money ahead Is to
buy all your Clothing, Shoes, Dry
Goods, Underwear, Enamelware, Tin
ware, Crockery, and of course, your
Groceries, at our store. We are the
acknowledged low price store in the
whole city. A few prices will give you
an inkling of our fine goods:
If you pay $3.50 for a shot, come
; and look at ours at $2.50. If you pay
: $4 for a shoe, come and look at ours ,
at $3. If you pay $5 for a s'ioe, come !
: and look at ours at $3.50. If you Day
$6 for a shoe, come and look at ours
at $4. All plainly marked; one price ,
to everybody. If you pay 35c or 40c
for your coffee, try ours at 25c. No
risk. Your money back If you want
it. If you pay 30c for coffee, try ours
for 20c. If you pay 75c or $1 for tea,
try ours, any kind Gunpowder, Eng
lish Breakfast or Japan, at 50c. If
you pay 60c for tea, try ours any
kind you want, at 40c. Remember,
we guarantee all our goods. Your
money back If you want It.
THE CASH BUYERS' UNION,
Wm. Dolde, Proprietor.1
Auto 'Phone, 592. 122 N. Second.
All goods delivered.
107 South Second St.
FOR MOVING THE SICK OR IN'
Prompt Service Day or Night.
0. W. STRONG'S SONS,
Colo. Phone, 75 Automatic, 147.
THE HAPPY HOUSEWIFE
Who takes pride In her bread and
cake making knows the pleasure and
satisfaction to be had by the use of
Empress mills flour. She knows her
bread will be the whitest, sweetest,
most nutritious and healthful, and
her cakes, pies and pastry dainty,
delicate and light.
TI4 West Copper Ave.
lelini & Eakin
WHOLESALE LIQUOR A NO CIGAR
Exclusive Agents for Yellowstone
and O. F. C. Whiskies, Moet & Chandon White Seal Champagne, St. Louis A.
B. C. Bohemian and Jos. Schlitz Milwaukee Bottled Beers, and owners and
distributors of the A lvarado Whiskey. Write for our illustrated catalogue and
price list. Automatic Telephone l9. Salesroom HI South First Street,
Alhnoiieroiip New MptIco
Scale For Discounting Legal Tender Notes
ThefE M 96 K
If you have an y busine ss of a f inancial CF PflRflllllCPPC
natu re or if you hav e any re ason U U IV I ill L H U L
to change your Ba nk Acco unt
call or write us. AL BIQUER QUE, NE W MEXI CO
v Capital a nd Surp lus, $1 75,0 00. 1
The above Is a fac simile of the discount-glass used by the Treasurer of the United States. United States
notes, fractional currency notes, gold certificates, silver certificates, and Treasury notes of 1800, are redeemable
by the Treasury, and when not mutilated so that less than three-fifths of the original proportions remains, by
the several Assistant Treasurers, at face value. United States notes are redeemable lu coin, in sums not less
than $50, by the Assistant Treasurers in New York and San Francisco. Treasury notes of 1890 are redeemable In
coin, In sums not less than $50, by the Treasurer and all the Assistant Treasurers. Silver certificates are redeem
able in standard slier dollars only, or exchangeable for other silver certificates. National bank notes are re
deemable by the Treasurer, but not by the Assistant Treasurers. United States notes, fractional currency notes,
gold certificates, silver certificates, Treasury notes of 1890, and National bank notes, when mutilated so that less
than tbree-fifths, but clearly more than two-fifths, of the original proportions remains, are redeemable by Treasury
only, at one-half the face value of the whole note or certificate. Fragments not clearly more than two-fifths are
not redeemed, unless accompanied by the evidence required in paragraph 13. Fragments less than three-fifths
are redeemed at the face value of the whole note when accompanied by an affidavit of the owner or other persona
having knowledge of the facts that the missing portions have been totally destroyed. The affidavit must state the
cause and manner of the multilatlon, and must be sworn and subscribed to before an officer qualified to administer
oaths, who must affix his official seal thereto, and the character of the affiant must be certified to be good by
such officer or some other having an official seal. Signatures by mark iX) must be witnessed by tv.-o pe'sons
who can write, and who must give their place of residence. The Treasurer will exercise such discretion under
this regulation as may seem to him needful to protect the United States from fraud Fragments not redeemable
are rejected and returnd.
Large new stock just in.
Everybody welcome to look through
our large three-floor repository.
Pleasure is yours when
you have one of our
...VEHICLES AND HARNESS
PRICES LOWER THAN EVER.
J. KORBER & CO
L. M. WOOTTON
R. L. WOOTTON
WOOTTON & WOOTTON
(Successors to I II. Thompson)
Real Estate. Loans and Rentals
Special Attention Given to Business and First-class City Residence
Property and Its Management for Non-Resident Owners.
Our Motto: "Close attention to all business intrusted to us, and
We Solicit a portion of your business, twenty-five years' experience
in this line. Call and see us.
......123 SOUTH THIRD STREET.