Newspaper Page Text
Ul.nry of CongrcM
ALBUaUERaUE EVENING CITIZEN
ALHUOUEHQUE. NEW MEXICO, FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMHEU 12J). 1JM)5.
XUMHKIl 23 L
HOW CONGRESSMEN AND HIGH OFFICIALS IN VARIOUS
DEPARTMENTS "GRAFT" THE GOVERNMENT PAYROLL
IIUBBELL COMMITTED TO JAIL
FOR CONTEMPT OF COURT
Acting Upon Order Issued by Court Sheriff Perfecto
Armijo Locks Removed
FINE FOR THE FAMILY!
Wives, Sons, Daughters and Brothers Given Dummy
Jobs to Help Pay the Family Expenses.
SECRETARY SHAW, GROSVENOR, HOPKINS. HEMENWAY, OVER
STREET AND OTHER BIG BUGS AMONG THE MANY WHO WORK
RELATIVES INTO SOFT JOBS AT GOOD PAY.
" " "
A Congressman Who Supported the
Whole Family on His Clerk Hire
Money Another Regarded as Ec
centric Who Refused to Draw the
Washington, D. C, Sept. 29. Con
gross and the higher officials of the
government are morally responsible
for a large share of the petty graft
which abounds In the public service.
When United States senators, cabinet
officers and members of the house of
representatives, and even the vice
president of the United States, make
Improper connection with the public
treasury, the: e is not much hope for a
high moral tone among the subordinates.
Few people have any idea of the
extent to which government omciais
and congressmen are accustomed vu
use employes who are carried on the
government pay rolls to decrease their
own private expenses. By employing
government "charwomen as cooks,
or "messengers" as butlers or valets,
the personal expenses of these public
men are considerably reduced. Then,
when a wife or daughter can be car
ried on the rolls as a "secretary" or
a son as "clerk," the living problem Is
made quite simple.
It will be noted that no denial was
ever made of the charge of the dis
gruntled Addicks, of Delaware, that
his former friend, Senator J. F. Allee,
was, by himself and his relatives,
"drawing down" about $12,000 a year
of government money.
Neither does Vice President Fair
banks denv that hi3 son draws the
the assistant secretaries of the treas
ury department, under Mr. Shaw's
administration, Inaugurated the cus
tom ol using the colored messengers
In his home also for butlers and
The practice of using government
employes as coachmen was exploited
a year or so ago, and at that time this
secretary and some other suo-oni-clals
lost the privilege of using the
"official carriages" for making after
noon calls and doing marketing.
The late Secretary Hay would not
use the official carriage for any pur
pose not in the strictest sense of offi
cial. Secretary Shaw, on the other
hand, sees no reason why he or Mrs.
Shaw should not use the official car
riage for Sunday or secular calling,
or for marketing, If convenient.
But then Secretary Shaw sees no
reason why his son should not draw
pay as a special agent, or why the
boy should not travel to Hawaii at
public expense, as he did this sum
mer. Ir. the recently reported roster of
United States senators who carry
sons or other relatives on the govern
ment rools, the name of Senator Al
bert J. Hopkins, of Illinois, was inad
vertently omitted. He has an able
bodied son in one of the executive de
partments. One of the most notable cases of
nepotism among the members of
the house of representatives, is in
the family of thai veteran and hon
orable pillar of republicanism and
tariff, Charles H. Grosvenor, of Ohio.
I The government is obliged to carry
his brother Dan, who does not seem
to be a very useful citizen in any ca
racity. Fc a long time he was ear
ns d on tne rolls as assistant deputy
HAD TO BATTER DOWN DOORS TO COUNTY JAIL
saiary oi a pi.vuie seu.ia " auditor for the treasury department.
cnai does noi rai i ie wuu.e ; niIl one day Brown, the deputy aud-
for I am most reliably Informed that wg killcdehot by an enraRed
it nas been tne custom oi j man. with a pistol. It was up to Dan
vica.uc.n, uu i uji,.ucu - t take hold of the office, but he was
man of largo wealth, to make use of i availablp and wa8 dsnllssed. Then
a colored man as a house servant who . ,ed on th house of
is on the rolls of the government bu- resentative rollf) a8 clerk to tnQ com.
reau or printing ana engraving, uuu
of a white woman as personal secre
tary, who Is a J900 clerk in the office
of the quartermaster general. .
It was the rather notorious Mr.
mittee on fisheries.
James., A. Hemenway, lately chair
man of the house committee on ap
propriations, but recently elected to
George W. Beavers, lately chief or. me senaie o uiwU "
salaries and allowances in the post- a Mother, Win. I. Hemenway, on the
office department, who brought this , ""use rolls as a messenger,
species of graft to a high degree ofj Co!. Dan Hansdell, sergeant-atarms
perfection by making use of one of(of tie senate has a son in Mi employ
the colored messengers of the govern-1 there. Representative Jesse Over
ment as his personal valet. One of i street, of Indianapolis, has a brother
who is assistant to the doorkeeper of
the house of representatives, and I
l.eiieve he has a brother-in-law and
other relatives in the service. Repre
sentative James T. McCleary, of Min
nesota, has a son as clerk of his com
mittee on library, anil as his secre
tary. This summer McCleary took an
extended trip to Europe at govern
ment expense to study styles in monu
ments and memorials.
Each member of the house is allow
ed $1,200 a year for "clerk hire." As
a good any know, this money is drawn
and pocketed by a majority of the
members without being expended for
that purpose. Sometimes the mem
ber Indulges in the pleasant fiction
that "wife" or "daughter" is "clerk"
and has earned that Bum. Quite as
generally even that pretense is dis
carded and the member merely makes
the necessary certification that this
sum has been expended, and puts the
money into his pocket. The fact that
he signs a He does not trouble him.
Last winter Representative A. J. go that the clerk is abie to earn about
oclstead, of Granite Falls, Minn., $1 no altogether. Last winter a group
made the boast that he wa-i living ami of these professional secretaries
supporting his fami.y on the $1.21111 ; agreed that the scale of wages was
clerk hire allowance, and saving the
Ij.UUU salary and the 12. allowance
for stationery. Being a thrifty Nor
wegian and accustomed to the simple
life of Granite Falls, this was a very
easy proposition to him.
There are very few of the southern
congressmen who employ becretaries,
but there are fewer who fail to certi
fy to the expenditure of the entire
amount of the $100 a month, winter
and summer. Once a northern con
gressman did fail to draw this allow
ance. He was Franklin Bartlett. of
New York, now out of po:.-tlrs. Ho cer
tified to the expenditure of $18 a year
for actual clerk hire. Bartlett was re
garded as very eccentric.
It is the common practice for groups
of congressmen to combine and have
one clerk between them. Each pays
the common clerk $16 or $20 a month.
being cut to an intolerable degree, and
that It was time to form a union and
strike for higher pay. The congress
men began to get nervous about the
publicity threatened, and the result
was the Insertion of an item In one of
the appropriation bills providing an
annual salary of $2,000 for one of the
committees which previously had en-
joyed no such perquisite, and this
money was used to satisfy the ma!
contents. The strike was declared
It was only very recently that Jim
WatBon, of Indiana, a member of the
ways and means committee, found ft
necessary to have a regular secretary.
Representative Griffiths, of Indiana,
had his wife or daughter as secretary.
as did ex-Congressman Robinson, of
the same state, while Holliday had
INCREASE IN USE OF COFFEE,
ESPECIALLY IN UNITED STATES
Twenty Years Increase in Six Largest Coffee Using
Countries Was 60 Per Cent, Here
Was 100 Per Cent.
department of commerce and labor
has Just given out a monograph on
the coffee trade of the world, which
will be printed In the forthcoming is
sue of the "Monthly Summary of Com
merce," published by that department.
The report shows an enormous in
crease in the cultivation and consump
tion of this stimulant, which is one of
C, Sept. 29. The has become part of the poular diet.
tends to increase couuiiuauy. mu
consumption In the United States has
increased enormously, and at present
the Americans consume between two-
fifths and one-half of all the coffee pro
duced. The statistics show that the
per capita consumption of coffee in
some of the principal countries for
l'je3 was as follows:
United States, 10.79; United King
dom, .71; Germany, 6.80; France, 6.27;
To New Hebrides to Punish
Natives for Treatment
CAPTURE THREE OF THE CHIEFS
SOME MORE THINGS ARE TOLD
BY SCHIFF OF KUHN, L0EB & CO.
He Would Not Accept Position on Executive Com
mittee Because His Company Had Extensive
Dealings With the Equitable.
the most strikinc features of tne last
quarter of a century. According to.nonana, n.jy;.
the report, the center of production In these five countries, with Aus
of coffee, which is an Indigenous plant trla-Hungary added, the use of coffee
of Africa, may be said to have been i from m- to I9U4. or during twenty
transferred to South and Central years, increased GO percent, while the
America, alxiut three-fourths of the population increased only about 30
wo.ld's supply being furnished at pros-i per cent. In pounds, the increase in
tnt bv Brazil. The terms Mocha and consumption has been. In the same
. .. .. .... .1..-. ... 1 1 .it null
Java, which in olilen times muicateu ieuiy years, num i,n,iw,v
pouinis in to l,8lt,4i (,uuu pounus
in 19i4. While the increase for all
the countries named was 60 per cent,
in the United Stay s alone it was al
most luiJ per cent.
the .source of origin, have now become
mere characteristics of quality and
it is an interesting fact that the
rates of consumption wherever coffee
New York, Sept. 29. Jacob H.
Schlff, head of the firm of Kuhn,
Loeb & Co., bankers, formerly a di
rector of the Equitable IJfe Assur
ance society, was the first witness
called before the legislative insurance
investigation committee today.
Schlff said that he became a di
rector of the Kqultable society lateanilor or nyde It Buems to me that
in 18!3 or early In 1894. His firm
had been dealing with the society for
a quarter of a century prior to that
time. He was advised that there was
nothing to prevent his firm from prop
erly maintaining such relations. He
was a director for several years be-
fo;e he became a member of the
LESSON FROM JAPANESE WAR
ADOPTED BY WAR DEPARTMENT
man, and who had charge of the na
val academy fencing last year, have
also given valuable advice along the
President and Family Back.
Oyster Hay, Sept. 29. President
Roosevelt, wife ami children, will
leave here tomorrow morning for
FAIR EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
MEETING CALLED TONIGHT
i i it
The following notice was mall-
ed to members of the fair execu-
tive committee for a meeting to-
You are requested to meet at
the otllce of the fair association
this (Friday) evening, September
these matters, you are urgently '
requested to be present.
D. K. 1$. SEUJEItS,
9 9. f . t 9 t A I
Victoria, B. C, Sept. 29. From the
New Hebrides news was received by
the steamer Mlowara, of an attack by
natives upon a French punitive ex
pedition sent to punish the blacks for
outrageous actions against the while
settlers and for several murders at
Bullies, on Mallicolo Island.
The French warship, Muerthe, land
ed a party of marines who arrested
three chiefs. As the party took their
captives from the village, a shot was
fired from ambush which killed one
marine gunner. The party then at
tacked the tillage, dispersing the na- finance committee. j
tives and killing four men. Scbiff also stated that the Kquita-
The landing party returned to the Me was in the hands of the executive
bay. where It was again fired on and 1 officers, and that ho had no way of
a marine wounded. knowing more than these olliceirs
chose to tell him. lie refused elec
tion to the executive committee be
cause of tiis relations to the society,
lie thought it would be Improper for
him as a member of the executive
riumtiit f.-n to nnss iiiKin anv dealings
.! of his firm with the society.
He was qualified to be a director
by shares transferred to him by Mr.
liyiie, uMn which Hyde drew divi
dends. Ills position on the finance
committee he did not regard as of
much Importance because; he could
twit insist that his advice on the nur-
29, at 8 o'clock sharp, for the pur- i ,.ljIlSt) or Kal(, of securities cshould be
pose of hearing a report from V followed
the secretary. As It will require schiff'sald there was practically no
a full attendance to act upon f.,r a flnnnr committee, hm the
executive committee took the Initia
tive in all Investments, and there was
the auditing committee with powers
equalling those of the finance commit
tee. In reply to a question by Coun
sel Hughes whether hu did not think
there ought to be more supervision of
insurance companies, Schlff said:
"There is no doubt of It, but uo law
can secure It."
richiff said he would like to see in
surance companies looked after, us
well as his own banking firm, and its
ofheers held to as s'ri' t accountability
as his cashier. SciiitT said that be
Sept. 29. A de'ermin-1 wit h the American federation of Ia- thought Hyde male- a mistake, as tie
be made on the part i bur s purely a question of time. kept the lioard of di rectors absolutely
American Federation of laUirl The leaders of the federation are; at the mercy of on.- man himself.
to bring alstut the unionization of the nuniy enthusiastic over tne prospect witness never n
farmers of this part of the country, 1 ot an alliance between the city wage numerous tuisti
and their affiliation with the Federa-! workers, the farm hands and the farm-1 never brought
New Sheriff Now in Full Possession of County Jail and
Prisoners and Court Will Not
IIUBBELL MAY SECURE RELEASE BY HABEAS CORPUS
The sheriff squabble took a sudden
and decidedly sensational turn this
afternoon, with the result that Thos.
S. Hubbell, recently removed as sher
iff of Bernalillo county, is confined in
the county jail. The commitment of
Hubbell was the result of his being
In contompt of court by refusing to
obey an order Issued this morning by
Judge Ira A. Abbott. The order Is
sued by the court and which Hubbed
flatly refused to obey Is as follows:
The Court's Order.
This day came Perfecto Armijo,
sheriff of the county of Bernalillo, and
represents to the couit that Thomas
S. Hubbell, late sheriff of the county
of Bernalillo, Is in possession of the
county Jail of the said county of Ber
nalillo, and of the prisoners contain
ed therein, as well as of a room In
the court house of said county, and of
the records and paraphernalia of the
office of said sheriff, and refuses to
surrender the same to him, the said
Perfecto Armijo. to the obstruction of
the public business, and thereupon,
it is ordered by the court that the Bald
Thomas S. Hubbell forthwith deliver
to the said Perfecto Armijo posses
sion of the county Jail of the said
county of Bernalillo, and of the pris
oners contained therein, as well as of
a room In the court house of said
county, and of the records and para
phernalia of the office of said snerifT,
without prejudice to the rights of the
said Thomas S. Hubbell to contest
the right of the said Perfecto Armijo
to the office of sheriff of the said coun
ty of Bernalillo In any proper pro
ceeding. The said rnomas s. nun
bell, by his attorney, obejeted to any
action by the couit upon said repre
sentation for want of Jurisdiction In
the court to proceed In this way, and
because there is no proceeding pend
ing before the court in which it can
act, IRA A, ABBOTT,
The above order was made by Judge
Ablott this morning and turned over
to Sheriff Armijo to serve upon Mr.
Hubbell. The sheriff took a car for
new town at once and hunted up Mr.
Hubbell. He found him In the Stur
ges club rooms and there the ex-sheriff
read the court's order. He return
ed it to Sheriff Armijo and stated that
upon the advice of his attorneys he
would refuse to comply with it.
The sheriff returned to the court
house and reported to the court that
he had served the order on Mr. Hub
bell and that he had refused to obey
It. Attorney Nelll B. Field thereup
on appeared before the court and alli
ed that Mr. Hubbell be cited for con
tempt of court and that a warrant ba
issued for his arrest In order that b
might be brought before the court.
The warrant was at once Issued and
delivered to the Bheriff to serve. It
was served on Mr. Hubbell during tha
noon hour and he was cited to appear
and show cause why he refused to
obey the order of the court.
At 2 o'clock this afternoon Mr. Hub
bell and his counsel appeared before
Judge Abbott. The court asked Mr.
Hubbell If he had anything to say and
he replied that he had not. Mr. Field,
appearing for Sheriff Armijo, then
asked the court to order Mr. Hubbell
committed to the county jail until he
should purge himself ot contempt by
complying with the court's order. The
order was at once prepared and sign
ed by Judge Abbott and turned over
to Sheriff Armijo to carry out. The
sheriff took charge of his prisoner and
started with him to the county jail.
Battered Down Jail Doors.
Sheriff Armijo was followed to the
county jail by quite a large crowd.
Arriving at the jail, he demanded ad
mittance, but the jailer refused to op
en the gate of the barricade. A dep
uty was sent for an ax and sledge
hammer and the gate was broken,
down. It was also necessary to batter
down the door to the Jail before the
sheriff could gain admittance to the
jail proper. Mr. Hubbell was thea
taken into the jail and locked up.
Armijo Now Hat Jail.
As a result of this afternoon's pro-'
ceeilings Sheriff Armijo la now in full
possession of the county jail. It ls
understood that when the district
court convenes on Monday he will
have full charge as sheriff and no da
lay will result on account of the pres
Will Resort to Habeas Corpus.
Although it Is not known what tha
counsel for Mr. Hubbell will do now
that their client Is in jail for con
tempt of court. It is very probably
that they will swear out a writ of ha
beas corpus in an attempt to secure
bis release. Mr. Hubbell took his com
mltment calmly and does not seem la ;
the least worried about the outcome.
THE PACKERS MUST
,IT WAS NOT THE
STAND FOR TRIAL
chase of $500,000 of Union Pacific pre
ferred stock for "holding account
Schlff said be was present at the meet
ing and no such transaction was made.
Schiff expressed the opinion that It
was wrong for Hyde to participate
personally In syndicate transactions.
"The Kqultable," said Schlff, "was at
the mercy of one man, either Alex
Chicago, Sept. 29. Federal Judge Tokio, Sept. 29. Lieut. Gen. Harar
Otia J. Humphrey today sustained the gulsht, commander in chief of the Jap
demurrer, filed by United States Iis- anese military forces on Sakhalin Ul
trict Attorney Morrison, to the plea in and, arrived here today, and was wel
abatemeut made by the packers In 'corned by a large party ot officials
noi-klnir in luvu th indictments for nud others.
-t, .-. .., torU,tl Kepresentatlves of
a ladles' asso-
vold. Judge Humphrey said that ha ..We a.'re son-yy one halt of tha
had made the dlalon on broad , lsland ha(j wa no
B.uuuua. ' fault of your." The statement caused
cruuou mo lecuuiuauiica viuitu iu ., nu.inioBi
. ,l.,u..o,..l oualnut tho I "
It was all Hyde, vice president, and
the 'entire insurance situation has
been one of Irresponsible power."
MISS ALICE ROOSEVELT
AND PARTY GO TO JAPAN.
Seoul, Sept. 29. Miss Alice Itooose
velt and party left Seoul by a spec la!
train today, via Fusan. whence they
will go to Shinionoskl ami Yokohama.
The visit to Japan will be entirely pri
vate. Miss Roosevelt will decline any
public recognition or hospitality. The
emperor of Korea leceived Miss Roose
velt In a privato audience and pre
sented her with his photograph with
his autograph attached. The Koreans
made every effort to make Miss Roose
velt's stay pleasant.
plea in abatement.
It Is likely that the Jury for the trial
will be drawn about the middle of
October. The defendants were or
dered by the court to plead next Thurs
day morning, the pleadings to be
taken up on argument before Judge
Humphrey by the following Monday.
.Meantime the bill ot exceptions to the
ruling made by Judge Humphrey to
day, is to be prepared.
ARIZONA'S CAPITAL GETS
Phoenix, 'Ariz., Sept. 29. A severe
ram storm occurred hero yesterday
afternoon, the total piecipitatiou be
ing .79 of au inch, of which .07 fell In
fourteen minutes. The wind, which
reached a maximum of forty miles an
hour, did considerable damage.
Washington, I. t, Sept. 29. The
aunouuci ment has just been made that
the new manual for the sabre and
bayonet drills for the army, on which
the officers of the general staff hae
been working for some weeks, will
soon be given out. Hitherto these
manuals have called for much skill on
the part of the enlisted men, so much,
indeed, that few of them were ever
able to acquire the art of wielding
either weapon in a satisfactory man
ner. It is proioscd to omit from the new
manuals everything of a fancy fenc
ing character, such as is taught in the
private drill rooms. It is intended
that there shall be a return to the
simplest methods, and that evirytbing
shall be on th-mos t practical and Chicago, 111.,
useful basis. Both weapons are in-ie.l effort will
tended for u se in time of war, es- of tin
peclally the bayonet. i
The officers who have been on duty j
at Manchuria with the Japanese and;
Russian armies have furnished spe- tlon of Labor for mutual benefit aal cm. It is exptcte.t that the western
cial reports on the subject to the g. u- protection. farmers will be well represented at the
eral staff, and such experts as Captain) 111 Wisconsin and Minnesota a num- next meeting of the Federation of l.a
llt ruiaii J. Koehler, the master of her of farmers' unions have been . bor, which will be held In J'ittsburg
the sword at the military academy, fortied alieady and according to thelln November. It is not expected that
and Civil Kngineer Cunuingham. of st tteinent of the officials of the fed-! the plan of atliliaiion will meet with
the navy, who is an expert swords- eration, the affiliation of these uulonsjauy opposition from the federation.
FEDERATION OF LABOR WORKING
FOR UNIONIZATION OF FARMERS
WAS NOT COMPLETE.
Port Said, Sept. 29. The fore part
GIVES BIG BOND
Christiana, Sept. 29. A special com
mittee of the Btorthlng, to which the
question was referred, decided today
by a vote of 12 to 6 to recommend to
parliament a government bill em
bodying a draft of the treaty prorld-
ing for the separation of Norway and
Sweden, as signed at Karlstad, Sep
Money Demands Six Per Cent.
New York, Sept. 29. Before noon
today call money advanced to 6 per
cent, the highest rate In many
months. Large sums were loaned at
Indianapolis, Sept. 29. David K.
Sherrick, former auditor of the stale,
of the wreck of the Uritish steamer of Indiana, recently removed
Chatham, which was blown up yes- governor, was arrested today
terday, has entirey disappeared, but indictment returned by the Marion
ihe stern must be further demolished county grand Jury, charging him with
by dynamite. There la a hole lit) feet grand larceny, embezzlement ami con
deep at the spot where the wreck oc- s .piiticy to defraud, lie gave bond for
curred. I $70,ono.
ANCIENT GERMAN ARTIST IS
HONORED BY TOWN AND NATION
1 anything of
K i .Hints, and it w ;is
to i.is attention that
were carried uu
h they did nut i
Dusseldorf, Germany, Sept. 29. An
drtas Acheubach, one of the most dis
tinguished artists of the once famous
Huessebloi f school of landscape palm
ers, is celebrating his ninetieth birth
day today, and the whole city and the
ar'ists ail over Germany have com
bined their efforts to commemorate
the event and to Jn honor to the jircat
monies of the SOCK
cli-r account i" u
SchifT testified that the minutes of I The Jubil.st re eived hundreds of
the meeting of the finance committee lettirs and tt-b grains of congratula
of the F.iu:table s-iciety In February, lion Loin all parts of Germany. Among
I'.hiH. were false iu recording the pur- the nu-esages were congratulations
from Ktnperor William and the Km
peror of Austria, aud many other Eu
In the afternoon a monumental
fountain erected In honor of Achcn-
San Francisco. Cal., Sept. 29. A
complete fusion was effected last night
hv democratic and republican munici
pal conventions and a Joint ticket was
nominated. John Partridge was nom
inated for mayor. The Ruef faction
i:i the republican convention, gave no
tice that it would not be bound by the
choice of the majority.
Witte Goes to Emperor.
St. l'etersbuig, Sept. 29. M. Witte
left Si. Petersburg today by boat to
meet Kmperor Nicholas, who, with
his family. Is prolonging his trip la
the Finnish gulf.
AN AMERICAN IS
MURDERED IN MEXiCO
Nogaies, Ariz., Sept. 29
bach was dedicated to the presence' Consul Morawetz ut Vitules, Sonorn.
of the junilist. In the evening the j Mexico, ytsterday received u telegram
aitists and students paraded through ; from Choix, a town mar Fucrte, Sln
the streets and serer.a I. d the veteran 1 ala, Mexico, announcing the asuas-paint.-d.
Thm a couuueres was g:eiilsinatlon, by a Mexican, of William V.
in his honor, and notwithstanding his () la!y. a prominent civil and niliing
ae, Mr. Achetihach attended the fes-t engineer, w ho w as one of the Cananea,
ttval and addrc.-ed a few words ofi Vatful & Pacific railroad engineers.
uianhs to the nro'her artists and the I lie muidcrer was captured but
d a. I' mic youth. 'further particulars were learned.