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AIJiUOUKItQUK RV EKING CITIZEN.
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1905.
Woman Spy, the Best in Europe, I
Caught by Germany at Last
CHALLENGES THE PREMIER OF GREAT
BRITAIN TO FACE THE SUFFERINGS
OF LONDON'S POOR
MISS SMOLIANIHOFF. YOUNG
RUSSIAN LADY OF HIGH BIRTH.
CEAKN3 50 OP THE KAISER'S
MOST IMPORTANT MILITARY
SECRETS RUSSIA PAID HER
$15,000 A YEAR FOR HER
CLEVER WORK HOW SHE
WORKED HIGH OFFICERS.
SENT TO JAIL.
Berlin, per. 23. Tim sensational
i areer of a py. Miss Zlnalda Smol
lanlholT, a Russian t,py. Ima been nit
short by a sentence of Hit pen months'
imprisonment at Loip.-'ir. Her case
demonstrates t.i what methods the
European govornmt ma xstirt in ol
der to ferret out ojch ot lifts' mili
Miss Pmolianlhoff was a typical
JOtli century spy, pietty. dashing, of
high birth and pood education. In
St. Petersburg, Miss Smolianihoff was
feted during one or two reasons as a
society " beauty. Suddenly, when she
had attained her L'oili birthday, her
father lost all his money and com
mitted BUicide. Her mother died short
ly afterward, and Smolianihoff was
left alone In the world, without a
com. She became a- governess. tj,p
life, however, was Irksome and humll
Uttng to her.
Xfter a year of drudgery. Miss Smn
lianlhoff met by chance a young of
ficer of the Russian headquarter?
staff, who had formerly been one of
ner admirers, and wan genuinely dis
tressed at her unhappinoss. He sug
gested to her a career which would
enable her io live In luxury that Rhe
become a spy in the service or ttip
Russian government. He promised to
use his Influence at the war office
to obtain employment for her. Miss
Smolianihoff consented and was short
ly afterward engaged 'as a spy.
Dashing and Dangerous.
She was dispatched to Germany, to
learn as many military secrets as pos
sible. She arrived in Berlin provided
with exceptional letters of recom
mendation, which, combined with her
appearance and manners, enabled hen
to achieve a grent social success in
t) ;German capital. She appeared to
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Z I X A I DA SMOLIANIHOFF.
have unlimited funds, and drove about Russia. .She obtained sketches of im
In lur carriage and pair with liveried portant fortifications and copies of
domestics, and maintained a gorgeous weighty military documents. Precisely
apartment in princely stylo in the how slie achievrd all I his has not been
mast fashionable, street in Berlin. revealed.
Her soclaj connections gave her ex-
rollout opportunities. She bewitched Tragedy Her Downfall.
state officials and army officers into Suspicion was first directed toward
telling ' secrets which they ought to llur ''' ,tu' suicide of a young officer
have guarded as jealously as therr ,,f brilliant prospects, out of whom
own lives. She waH so adroit that MIh Smollanlboff had wormed a
her victims had not the slightest idea m8' Important military secret, He
of how they were being duped. She ,f;ft n letter giving this us the cause
continued her operations unchecked r Ms srlf destruction,
for four years. During this period The Oernian authorities closely
she ascertained plans for the defense watched Miss .Smolianihoff from that
of Germany's eastern frontier against day. After several months they hnd
a possible Russian Invasion, as well sufficient evidence to justify her ar-
as the scheme of mobilization If Ger- rest. ,
many became Involved In a war with The trial at Lelpsic was behind
I closed doors, owing to the nature of
! the military secrets discussed. It nus
I transpired thai Miss Smolianihoff re-1
j ceived a salary of $15,(100 n year and
hnd communicated to Russia over "oj
Important mllitny secrets. Hud it;
'been possible to prove this legally!
she would hardly have escaped with!
a smaller penalty than 20 years' penal
servitude. She had ensnared over H'O
state offlcliilH and nrttiy officers and!
exploited them to her purjK'Se. When j
she emerges from prison, in lf
months she will be expelled from!
Germany and prohibited from eve
again entering the country. German'
military authorities regard ner as the'
most dangerous and succv pyj
of recent times. I
TTIf i r in
LONDON UNF.Mri.OYEn WHO HAVE SLEPT
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ON THE PAVEMENT
Quality of Beer Depends Upon Superiority of
Materials, Treatment and Maturity
WHAT THE LEADER OF 6,000 WUES OF THE UNEMPLOYED WOULD
HAVE ,SHOWN BALFOUR STARVING CHILDREN WAIT IN THE
STREET FOR CRUMBS AT MIDNIGHT.
Mrs. Crooks, wife of the labor lead
er member of parliament, is the one
woman who knows all the details of
the terrible "unemployed" problem
that will face London during this win
ter. Mrs. Crooks led 600 wives of
unemployed workingmen, who waited
on the prime minister recently to de
mand government relief. For years
Mrs. Crooks has been In close touch
with the poorest people of London's
East. End. She nnd her husband live
in a iitiie "worKman s cottage in a
decidedly poor stret. Mr. Crooks
himself nas seen all the vicissitudes
of poverty in London. Today flo is
chairman of the Board of Guardians
or the very workhouse which kept
mm iroin. starvation as a vouth. Mr
Crooks invited Mr.v Balfour to come
ana live at her home for a month
so that, the premier could understand
the terrible distress of the district.
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V- ''A-'ilii:ib.u &fry
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Purity is a universal essential in all beers. The observance of
cleanliness and sterilization will secure it.
HealtM Illness, ' combined with flavor and taste, constitutes real
quality, and these are impossible without the very best materials and
the highest order of treatment. This is what science and experience
Materials: To provide the public with a really good, palatable
and wholesome beer of the Highest Quality, we use the best barley
malt, the highest grade hops, superior yeast, and in our pale beers a
small percentage of rice. In all our beers we use the best and purest
materials, regardless of cost.
Com we never use, although it is not excluded by authority, and
has the advantage of cheapness. We use no substitute of any kind
to reduce our expense. We spare neither money nor care to fortify
and increase our well earned and long established reputation.
Treatment and Maturity; We employ only the most modern
methods of brewing, and our present storing capacity of 600,000 barrels
is more than that of any two other breweries in the world.
These facilities enable us to age our beer the length of time
necessary to guarantee its purity and maturity not in printers' ink
but in fact.
Quality, depending upon the character of materials and the
methods employed, is the real goal for competition among brewers.
At this goal we have been for many years.
It is for these reasons that
I BY MRS WILL CROOKS,
Wife of the Labor Member of Parlla
Written Especially for The Evening
If Mr. Balfour had accented the In
vitation I gave him when our women's
deputation called on him to come and
nvo. our district for a month, he
would never have treated our deputa
"on m ho indifferent a manner as he
nia. He said we should not have
brought women with babies as a part
of our deputation. But we brougnt
mem ror the very reason that It Is the
women and children who will suffer
so terribly this coming wjnter. One
woman who went with us fainted
in the prime minister's office because
fbe had bad so little to eat and had
Loudon lodging house dormitory for
the unemployed, where a man can geL
sleep and a pint of tea and half a loat
In the morning for 4 cents.
her case is only one of very many,
who toils day and night at r.iaklng
match boxes. She has three little
children. She spends hour after hour
In a dim cellar her children kept in
bed so as to be out of the cold while
she makes these boxes and only gets
5 cents for 144 boxes, or rather
pieces, for which she has to make
both the outside and Inside, which Is
two pieces. When the boxes are
made she has to put them in packages
of one dozen and take them to the
factory, over a mile away. Some
times many of the boxes are rejected
from being defective, simply liecauae
the ood or tissue supplied her Is
faulty. This poor woman' haa to sup
ply her own paste and string. She.
only makes 75 cents a week at match
boxes, and her wretched room costs
her 50 cents which leaves 25 cents
for her to live on. She would starve
IT charity didn't step in and give her
75 cents In money and 75 cents in
food and coal. She Ja a widow.
I would also have taken the premier
outside some or tho factories and let
him see little children begging the fac
tory hands for "leavings" from their
lunch; and at night between mid
night and 2 a. m. standing in long
lines outside hakeshops and fried fish
It r H i
h Mm l Will. ;
The King of Bottled Beers
must and does command a higher price than any other beer, and at
the same time has a greater sale than all other bottled beers.
AnheuserBusch Brewing Ass'n St. Louis U.S.A.
come so far.
We are terribly disappointed that
the government did not do something
practical for us. If they wanted money
to build a new battleship t a cost of
several millions, they would get is
quick enough. But they couldn't see
tnelr way to putting the machinery
in operation for keeping thousands of
people from starvation. Wo had been
led to expect something from the fact
that the king had. at the opening of
Kingsway, the new London thorough
fare, received a deputation from the
unemployed of our district.
It Is useless for them to say the gov
ernment Is powerless. They could
easily give out public work that would
solve our problems, if they only would.
But we don't propose to stop our
agitation one instant. We intend to
go on until something is done. With
Mr. Balfour out of office, perhaps
some practical help will come. I only
hope our poor, starving people will
nut get too desperate. People can't
wait patiently while their little child
ren are crying lor bread.
if Mr. Balfour had come to live
with its I would have taken him Into
homes that would have put him to
shame, and made the manhood In
him blush to think of the richest coon
try and city In the world tolerating
such distress in it midst.
1 know of one poor woman, and
places waiting for "scraps." I know
women who do tailoring work, sewing
from daylight until way into the night
and making less than tZ per week,
tun of which they pay 75 ceuts a week
rent and 24 cents a week for their
machines, and have to keep as many
as four children on the balance. God
knows how they do it. Some of them
don't, as cases of starvation at the
London hospital prove. Our work
houses are crowded and pour people
have to be turned away.
1 would not encourage and help to
lead all this agitation if there were
noi a remedy. There has been an
Unemployed Workmen's act passed by
parliament, and It could be put In op
eration If a schedule of all the work
required to be done anywhere in Eng
land were prepared. The work would
repay the government and nothing
would If lost. Besides all this, farm
colonies could be created. All over the
country the land is hungering for
laborers to work it, and there are
thousands of whom would gladly go.
These farm colonies would prevent
thousands f,f in. ii from degenerating
and becoming a dead weight on the
community and the nation.
If It Is not done, if the government
neglects the warning that has ieen
given, who knows but what, before
long, England may have to face a
problem worite than Russia's?