Newspaper Page Text
"VyE GET THE NEWS FIRST"
Ceaw, Cola., Oct. 24 Rail tinlght
irI Friday, Coder li tti soulk portloi li.
ALBUQUERQUE. NEW MEXICO, THURSDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 24. 1907.
No. I 7.45 p. m.
No. 4 8. 10 p. m.
No. 7 11.35 p. m.
No. 8 11.55 P-
No. 9 11.45 p. m.
BUTTER TRUST CHARGES
ALL PEOPLE WILL
President Rueb. of Board
Which Controls. Chicago
Prices. Tells How
Market Is Fixed.
LEADERS III RACE WERE
IS GRAND STAND
Dr. Samuel Blair, Superintendent of the English Mission
of the Methodist Episcopal Church in New Mexico
ONLY FIVE MILES
X XJI BRIGHTER
SUPPLY AND DEMAND
ARE NDT CONSIDERED
Tills Exchange Practically Rules
East and West as Far as Farm
Products are Concerned.
"Charge All They'll
Pay" the Motto.
Chicago, 111., Oct. 24. In making
Its investigation of prices of com
modities and the usual price of la
bor in this city, the bureau of stat
istics of the department of agricul
ture has uncovered the fact that the
prices paid by the people for toutter
and eggs are based, not on competi
tive values, not upon market condi
tions, nor the laws of supply and
demand, but upon the arbitrary rul
ing of a few men who merely esti
mate .how much the consumer can
be forced to pay. One of the in
spectors who Is making this investi
"There Is a food trust In Chicago
which, broadly speaking, fixes the
price each morning that all America
must pay for butter and eggs, as
well as many other commodities.
Underlying this trust Is an organiza
tion known as the Chicago butter
and egg board. This Is composed
of less than 100 Chicago .butter and
egg commission merchants.
"Among the 'privileged member
are American Refrigerator & Tran
sit Co., Dairy Shipper Despatch, Brie
(Despatch, Merchants Despatch
Transportation Co., Missouri River
Despatch, (New York Despatch Re
. frlgerator Jine, and a number of
"This board Is a duly incorporated
body, the purpose of which, accord
ing to its bylaws, is 'to establish,
for the 'benefit of its members, daily
market quotations and prices on
butter an4 eggs.'
Chicago Rules Market.
'There are other butter and egg
boards In the country which are not
supposed to be affiliated with this,
but in the last analysis it is found
that the Chicago first prices rule the
markets of the nation. The prices
made today in Chicago are usually
merely reflected in the markets of
Philadelphia, Boston and New York.
"In the shabby exchange of the
Chicago butter and egg board, in the
Marine building, this morning, per
haps fifty men were gathered in a
room before a blackboard, on which
were" chalked such Items as receipts,
weather conditions, previous prices
and market reports from other cities.
In the rear of the board room was
a dark little committee room, with
nine chairs drawn around a long
black table. At 9 o'clock nine mem
bers of the board, duly elected for
the purpose, comnosinsr the butter
pritfe committee, filed Into the little
black room and, locked the door.
"Five minutes of discussion and
then the committee communicated
by telephone with a secretary, who
marKeu upon a Blackboard the fol
lowing: Prices "Fixed."
"Extra creamery butter 27V&6
28c: firsts 25 & to 26 V4o, seconds 23V4
i 25c, and so on through a list of
"These prices were instantly tele-
grapneu to an parts or the country.
These figures formed the base of the
price buyers paid.
"In the same manner another
committee of nine, a few minutes
later, retired to "the room and fixed
the prices of eggs. The secretary
marked up: Prime first 24c, first
23c, seconds 11H14C. dirties 114il
"On the surface this seems all
right. But there is no buying or
selling on the floor ot the exchange.
The price Is simply fixed arbitrarily
by the ruling majority of each com
mittee. "As the food trust, which Is an
other name for Armour, fiwlft and
other great packers of the middle
west, really dominate the markets,
It is reasonable to suppose that they
dominate the spirit of the price com
mittees. The transportation and
refrigerator lines, 'privileged mem
bers of the board,' are the great
shippers and the tentacles of the
Charge All You'll Pay.
"The milk and cream of the farm
er goes to the creamery buyer, who
In turn sells his product to the same
branch of the trust. The small mer
chant buys eggs from the farmer
and in turn sells them to other
agents of the trust. Thus are the
two great commodities of this con
sumption turned Into the hands of
a few men. The pressure brought
upon the farmer and small dealer to
effect this corner can easily be sur
mised. "Prices fixed by the committees
are the prices the trust agrees to
imy the shipper or Jobber. If they
name 24 cents as the egg price, out
of that must come the profit to the
farmer, .the egg gatherer, the coun
try merchant, the commission mer
chant and sometimes other middle
men. Each profit reduces the- re
turn to the producer, the farmer.
"When extra creamery butter was
quoted wholesome aT 27 H to 28c,
Chicago retailers were selling it to
the consumer at 32 to 36 cents a
pound. In "fashionable districts of
the city this grade of butter selling
at 36 cents, wh.le In the poorer dis
tricts It sold at 32 cents. The re
taller has his own little system of
(Continued on Page Four.)
Secretary Cortelyou Makes
Deposits of Twenty-Five
Million Dollars In New
MEN OF r.lDNEY
RE GIVING AID
Aloit Acute Local Crisis Since
1884 Is Fast Passing Away In
Empire City and Confidence
Is Resuming Sway
New York, Oct. 24. A series of
conferences host night participated in
by Secretary Cortelyou, J. Plerpont
Morgan, John A. etewart. James
Mtillman, and other representative
men ox affairs, disclosed an agree
ment in opinion that the banking
situation is well In hand and that
with government deposits to be made
by secretary cortelyou today, there
will not only be enough cash on
hand, but even more than might be
needed safely in any emergency.
Early this morning Secretary Cortel
you said he had directed deposits
in this city or twenty-nve million
dollars and predicted a speedy re
turn or confidence, which circum
stances, he declared, warrant.
Factors In Improvement.
The run on the Trust Company of
America was continued this morning.
The determination of other trust
companies to aid the Trust Com
pany of America, Mr. Morgan's pro
nounced part in the efforts to stay
the panic, and the reassuring state
ments by John D. Rockefeller and
other men of money, It Is believed,
cannot fall to help what la In some
respects, the most acute money crisis
tvew xom nas seen since the Grant'
Ward failure In 1884. ,
Governor Hughes' prompt appoint
ment of a new superintendent of
oanns in the person of Clarke Will-
lam, a prominent 'banker .here, to
nil the vacancy created this week,
and steps to have the Knickerbock
er Trust company resume business,
are other satisfactory signs.
The Hamilton bank on West 125th
street, and the 12th Ward bank to
day suspended payments to deposi
tors. The banks claim to be solvent
and propose to reopen when public
conndence is restored,
The Tmplre City Savings bank,
also posted a notice of suspension
for thirty days under the banking
laws, its oltlcers feared a run. they
said, because of the suspension of
the Hamilton and Twelfth Ward
banks, which are In the same neigh
borhood. The Empire City Savings
bank owes depositors about three
millions of dollars.
The (Hamilton bank was not a
large institution but had deposits of
about seven millions. K. k. Thom
as, who was associated with Helnze
and Morse in several financial ven
tures, resigned as president after the
break in United Copper, and Will
iam R. Montgomery was elected
president of this bank.
No Trading; Today.
Pittsburg, Pa.. Oct. 24. At a
meeting today of the members of the
Pittsburg stock exchange it was de
cided not to re-open for business to
day. BUBONIC PLAGUE
Inspectors at Work Eradlcat
lng Disease From Fris
co's Oriental Quarter.
Seattle. Wash., Oct. 24. Dr. A. S.
Oliver, special medical Inspector, who
Is directing the campaign here for
the eradication of the bubonic plague
started out with a force of sub-inspectors
today to clean up the orien
tal quarter. No new cases of the
plague have developed.
The plague situation is much im
proved and there seems reason to
believe that the efforts of the in
spectors will be rewarded by the dis
ease being eradicated. The theory
mat rats aided In spreading the germ
has also proved a tenable one, and
the destruction of rodents In all parts
of the city doubtless aided in the
work of sanitation.
The disease, which is the genuine
bubonic plague of the Orient, was
bi ought here by Asiatics, and was
allowed to spread by them before
they notified the white officials of
their plight. There have been 76
cases to date with a mortality of S3
per cent, and of the remainder, 16
are still 111, though Improving. Ten
are still confined In the detention
camp, though none of these were af
flicted, having only been exposed to
MIM(i IIOSS M1.I.K1)
BY AN KX PliOSIOX.
Tucson. Arix., Oct. 24. Y. Ocha,
night shift boss at the Old Pueblo
mine near here, was Instantly killed
by the explosion of a "missed" shot
early today, and C. A. Holguln, a
miner, was badly hurt.
SECOND DAY SESSION
OF NEW MEXICO M.
First Day's Attendance Dou
bled By Last Night's
REPORT IN FULL
The second day of the twenty-
third annual conference of the Meth
odist Episcopal church of New Mex
ico opened at the Fir&t Methodist
church this afternoon at 3 o'clock
with a business session.
The attendance of yesterday was
doubled today by new arrivals,
though there are some churches In
the territory not yet represented.
The arrivals last night were as fol
Rev. M. A. Hoag, of the Silver City
circuit, which Includes congregations
in mining camps and small towns In
Rev. William Reese, pastor of the
First Methodist church at Raton.
Rev. J. M. Jackson, pastor of the
First Methodist church of Silver
Rev. A. J. Steel, pator of the First
Methodist church of Santa Rosa.
Rev. W. A. Pratt, pastor of the
new First Methodist church of Es-
From all parts of the territory the
ministers are reporting prosperity in
church work, as well as in industrial
The conference promises to be one
of the most profitable ever held in
New Mexico. liishop Earl Cranston
l.i present and has infused much en
thusiasm into the work in hand.
Though the reports are not all in
as yet it is already evident that the
membership of the church has been
materially Increased during the past
year. The various churches or the
territory are in very good nnancial
condition. The congregation at Es-
tancia has lust dedicated a new edi
fice costing over 13,000.
The report of Rev. Samuel Rlalr,
Ulierintetidellt of Methodist mis
sions of the territory, which is pub-
llehej herewith, shows the conditions
of the Methodist church in New
Mexico to be particularly prosperous.
This report Is a very Intelligible re
sume of tne years worn and con
tains much Interesting and valuable
Information as well as a history of
the church In New Mexico.
The conference will continue In
session until Sunday. The appoint
ments will probably be made Sun
day. The program tonight includes a
song and praise service at 7:30
o'clock and an address by Bishop
Cranston at o'clock.
Superlntenuent Ulair report fol
(CouUuued 4n Pge Throe.)
" .: 'i.. -., . v.... . i v,
" J V .. :
. 'I' ?
MASONIC GRAND LODGE
TO MEET HERE
Officers Chosen by Order of
New Mexico at Meeting
KNIGHTS TEMPLAR ARE
HOLDING SESSION TODAY
Carlsbad, N. M., Oct. 24. After
electing officers and selecting Albu
querque as the place for meeting
next year, the grand lodge of New
Mexico Free and Acepted Masons
adjourned Wednesday night, and the
Royal Arch Masons' grand chapter,
which had been in session during the
day, followed suit in adjourning last
night. Today the grand command
er' of Knights Templar of New Mex
ico 'is In session. It will adjourn to
night and tomorrow nnd Saturday
will be devoted to the- meeting of the
Eastern Star of New Mexico.
The officers elected by the grand
lodne of New Mexico are as follows:
Orand master, Colonel James W,
Wlllson, Roswell Ldge No. 18, Ros
well; deputy grand master, Chester
O. Stephens, Gate City Lodge No. 11,
Raton; senior grand warden, Frank
Johnson, Hiram Lodge No. 13, San
Marclal; junior grand warden, Ed
ward L. Medler, Temple Ixdge No. 6
Albuquerque; grand treasurer.A. J.
Maloy, Temple Lodge No. 6. Albu
querque; grand secretary, A. A. Keen
Temple Lodge No. 6, Albuquerque;
grand senior deacon, M. R. Williams,
Chapman Lodge No. Z, East Las Ve
gas; grand Junior deueon, William H.
Walton, Silver City Lodge No. 8, Sil
ver City; grand chaplain. Rev. E.
McQueen Gray, Eddy ldge No. 21,
Carlsbad; grand sword bearer, J. P.
McNulty, Cerrillos Lodge No. 19,
Cerrlllos; senior grand steward, H.
H. Majors, Sacramento Lodge No.
24. Alamogordo; junior grand stew
ard, li. W. Randall, Lonlsburg Lodge
No. 30; grand tyler, A. M. Whltcomb
Temple Lodge No. 6. Albuquerque.
The present officers of the grand
commandery of Knights Templar
are u follows:
Arthur Everltt, Albuquerque, R. E.
grand commander; J. C. Slack, Clay
ton, V. E. deputy grand commander;
O. L. Gregory. East Las Vegas, E.
grand generalissimo; J. II. Wroth,
Albuquerque, E. grand captain gener
al; George Shepard, Ueming, E.
grand senior warden; Frank lien
n i rig, Raton, E. junior warden; C. 1.
Stevens. Raton, E. grand prelate; A.
J. Maloy, Albuquerque, E. grand
treasurer; A. A. Keen, Albuquerque,
E. grand recorder; C. D. Boucher,
East Las Vegas. E. grand standard
bearer; W. P. Fox, Albuquerque. E.
grand sword bearer; John W. Poe,
Stoswell, E. grand -warden; A. M.
Whltcomb. Albuquerque, E. (fraud
captain of guard.
. CURRY WORKING
People of Pecos Valley Enthu
siastic for Statehood Off
for Otero and Lincoln.
RETURNS TO CAPITAL
DURING COMING WEEK"
Roswell, N. M., Oct. 24. "The
people of the Pecos valley are for
statehood unanimously. I will leave
today for Lincoln and Otero coun
ties. George Curry."
The above telegram was received
by The Citizen office txday and It
Illustrates the system by which the
new governor does things. Governor
Curry as a man of action, Is making
a trip through the territory and will
visit as many counties as possible for
the purpose of Interesting the people
in the organization of statehood
leagues. He Is well aware that many
districts do not have to be visited by
himself or any one else for the peo
ple are alive to the work before them
Ju.-t as in Bernalillo county.
On other districts, while every one
is for statehood, some do not realize
that an organization, which will
present the solid front of every par
ty and faction, Is required.
As a result of the governor's work,
statehood leagues will be organized
in the counties of the Pecos valley
and the people will co-operate with
him In the statehood fight.
Governor Curry desires to first or
ganize the territory thoroughly and
he will then carry the fight to Wash
ington, leaving behind him the solid
vote of the territory and the sup
port of all her people regardless of
party or of party beliefs.
The governor was scarcely In of
fice until ha opened the statehood
campaign and he has prosecuted it
vigorously ever since with the aid of
the party leaders and county chair
men. He expects to return to the capital
during the coming week.
TWENTY INJURED IN
Chicago, 111., Oot. 24. Over twen
ty persons were Injured in a colli
sion last night between Madison
street and Western avenue cars at
a crofting. Robert E. SmiLh was so
severely crushed that he will die.
The crash was due to wet rails which
thwarted the efforts of the motor
men to stop the cars.
III'TTK I'XIO.V DF.CLAIIF.S
WIRE STK1KI0 OFF
Helena, 'Mont., Oct. 24. Ten op
erators are working In the Western
Union office here, having been re
Instated, following a resolution of
the local union which declared the
strike off. The Postal force has also
French Balloon Traveled
Nearly as Far as German
Winner of Bennett
IT HOLDS RECORD
"L'Isle de France" Remained In
Air Many Hours Longer Than
Any Competitor All Trav
eled Many Miles From
New Tork, Oct. 34. -Alfred Le
Blane, pilot of the French .balloon,
LTsle de France, and E. WNix, Ills
assistant, who landed at Herbert
ville, N. J., last evening finishing sec
ond In the great race from St. Louis,
which was -won by the German bal
loon. Pommerln, arrived in ithls city
today. They reached here cold and
hungry but aside from minor dis
comforts had a fine trip.
'Nix was born in Franklin county,
Ohio, and recognized familiar scenes
when .passing over that neighbor
hood in the balloon.
Pleased With Races.
St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 24. The offi
cers of the Bt. Louis Aero club re
ceived many telegrams of congratu
lation over the success of aeronautic
week. There seems to be little doubt
that a determined effort will be made
next year by American aeronauts to
regain .possession of the Bennett cup,
won this year bv the German. The
race next year Roes to Germany.
Brigadier General James Allen,
chief officer of the signal corps of
the United, States army, who wit
nessed all the ascents made here this
week, was much impressed by the
performance of same of the airships
yesterday, and declared tnat he
would recommend In Ills nxt report
to the secretary of war that several
balloons of dirigible quality be
bought as an experimental work.
Order of Landing;.
The victorious German balloon, the
Pommerln, which landed at Asbury
Park by slightly more than five
miles the advantage of the French
contestant, L'Isle de France, second
in the race, which descended at Her
bertvllle, N. J., a few .miles from
the Atlantic coast, and slightly north
west of Point Pleasant. Another Ger
man balloon, the iDusseidorf, stands
third in the race. American entries
are fourth and fifth, a third German
team Is sixth, a French team seventh
an American eighth, and the English
The unofticlal estimated airline
flight of the Pommerln is 880 miles
and that of the L'Isle de France is
875 miles. The iDusseidorf, third,
which landed near Dover, Del., is
estimate! to have covered 790 miles.
The ofilclal measurements will be
completed at the geological survey
of the United Stales government at
Washington. Onlv tile proilmlty of
the AtUn'tc mean btrppol the won
derful flight of the Pommerln. The
balloon could have remained in the
air many hours longer, and undoubt
edly would have added several hun
dred miles to her record but for the
expanse of water ahead.
Keoord for Endurance.
While losing the record and pos
session of the cup, the French team
which sailed L'Isle de France gain
ed the honor of the record for dura
tion. Starting from St. Louis at 4:10
p. m., central time, they landed yes
terday at 1:10 p. m., eastern time,
making their time In the air just forty-four
hours. The previous record
was forty-one hours and five min
utes, .held by Count de la Vlaux of
France. The record for the Inter
national race set by the balloon Uni
ted States In the flight from Paris
last year, was 402 miles. This was
more than doubled by the German
and French balloons, Pommerln and
L'Isle de France. In fact, but one
of the nine contestants in this year's
race failed to exceed the 1906 record.
The result of the race, the first
of Its character ever held in this
country, has qualified the United
States, In the opinion of all balloon
ing experts gathered ihere, as the
most favorable aeronautic grounds
In the world and many regrets were
expressed that the race of next year
could not be fought out over the
same territory. Germany has ob
tained possession of the trophy .pre
sented by James Gordon Bennett,
and the race next year will be at
the home of the German holders.
Final possession of the trophy rests
with the club which wins it three
times. The Ljlloon United States,
which finished eighth in this year's
contest, was the winner In 1906,
gaining a claim on the cup for the
Aero club of America.
Won $2.5M) and Cup.
Aside from possession of the cup,
the Germans won a rash prise of
$2,500. also offered by Mr. Bennett.
Although the world's record for
distance, known as 1,200 miles. is
held by Count Henry de la Vaux,
there Is some doubt as to whether
thrs distance means a measured air
line flight or the total number of
miles traveled In drifting currents.
All of the balloons in this year's
race traveled many more miles than
the figures with which they are ac
credited -show, but only the air line
measurements are considered in the
award of the prizes.
Iladlr Hurt by Mine Ex1omIhi.
Phoenix, Arlx., Ott. 24. Fred An
derson was stricken blind and badly
burned, and his partner, William
Sayre, Is dying as the result of in
juries received by a premature
blast on one of the Harcuvar copper
properties near here yesterday.
Ex-Comptroller of Currency Ar
raigns Department of Jus
tice Before Civic Feder
SAYS DEFENDANTS V
ARE SINGLED OUT,
He Concluded Address by Defense
of NewjYork Financiers Whom
He Declares Benefit the
Whole Country In In
estimable Measure. "
Chicago, Oct. 24. Delegates to tha
iNatlonal Civic federation today were
eagerly discussing remarks uiade at
me meeting last night by Charles O.
iDawes, ex-comptroller of the cur
rency. Dawes made a sharp attack
upon the federal department of jus
tice, virtually charging the officer,
of the attorney general's depart
ment, with making "srallerv .ulava."
He said In part:
"I cannot say that It Is intentional
on the part of the department of Jus-
nue, uui sume or us actions look re
markably as' if 'favoritism was belnar
displayed In the selection of combi
nations to be investigated, and In
the manner of attack. It is remark
able that cases handled by the de
partment of Justice always are tried
In the newspapers before thev eat
into the courts."
He then entered uoon a dnfensa
of the financiers of New York, as
serting that they are doing a good
work for the whole country, tha
value of which Is bard to estimate.
"They are seeking," he said, "to
uphold the credit upon which pros
tin conclusion he urged an amend
ment to the Wierman anti-trust ' law
so as to avoid the Implication that
all combines are of criminal charac
ter, and then more specifically Indi
cate which are criminal.
Address Much Discussed.
Dawes' address today was tha
chief topic to discussion, and whlla
several papers on topics of consid
erable interest were read before tha
federation by leading1 men of the na
tion, the remarks or the ex-comptroller
took precedence over all else,
and overshadowed all other expres
Just what was Dawes' idea at this
fime in taking up such a .procedure.
is not known, nor did he give any
reason, further than his desire to
show that the department of Justice
is 'making a farce of itself. Ha
arraigned At tors,' y General Bona
parte In no uncertain terms both
during lila address and In discussion
The general trend of the meet lnr
of the federation has been toward
the idea that most trusts and com
binations are "criminal" hence
Dawes' speech was somewhat dif
ferent from the usual order.
Village Destroyed by Fire.
Rome, Italy, Oct. 24. Earth
shocks (throughout Calabria Yester
day caused considerable damage, de
stroying two villages, but so far as
known only ten lives were lost. The
cathedral at Towre di Gerace was
thrown down, as was an ancient tow
er which has Withstood the earth
quakes for centuries.
CHINESE MAKE VICIOUS
ATTACK ON CREW
Were Angered Because Coun
trymen Were Held By
Santa Cruz, Me., Oct. 24. Because
two hundred of their countrymen
were delayed on board ship by sani
tary Inspectors at this port, four
hundred Chinese, w.ho had Just land
ed, made a murderous assault lust
night on the Kngllsh ship Woolwich
and her crew. Many of the white
men were seriously injureu. r iva
may die of the wounds. The Chi
nese would have swept all before
them but for the timely aid brought
by a large force of federal troops
The orientals were enraged beyond
measure when the sanitary inspec
tors refused to permit all the pas
sengers in two sections of the steer
age on the Woolwich to land, many
of those who did, land being related
to those who were detained.
A plot was arranged during tha
early evening and as soon as dark
ness came, the Chinese on shore
scrambled over wharf boats and by
other means to it he ship where their
countrymen were confined. Their
attack nearly released the Imprison
MTKO MlIJi HM)WS
IT, KltXJXa rXU'K
Ashland, Wis., Oct. 24. Two mix
ing mills of the Atlantic Dynamite
company's faotory, six miles from
here, blew up today killing Arnold
Hustland, KMe Wicks, Peter Wicks
and an unidentified man. Two hun
dred pounds of nltro-glycerlne esx
ploded. The cause Is unknot u.