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ALBUyrERQl'K rl TIZKN
TUESDAY. AUGUST 31, 199.
rhe Albuquerque Citizen
WJUL1SHED DAILY AND WEEKLY
y che Citizen Publishing Company o! Albuquerque, New Mexico.
. S. STRICKLER WILLIAM. F. BROGAN
"gSIDCNT MANAGING EDITOR
THE OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER.
March 19. 1909.
Territory of New Mexico. Office of the Secretary.
Public) notice It hereby given that In compliance with Section 9 of
Council SubaUtute for House Bill No. SIS of the Thirty-eighth legls-
latiT assembly, approved March 17, 1909, requiring the Secretary of
tLw Territory to designate an official newspaper of New Mexico, The
. Albuquerque Cltlsen la hereby designated as such official newspaper of
Wew lfaxlco. (Signed,) NATHAN JAFFA,
(Seal.) Secretary of New Mexico.
Om Tea by Mall, In Advance $5.00
On Montb by Mall.. 80
One MootH by Carrier Within City Mmlts.... W
Entered ae second class matter at
Act of congress of March , 1879.
Tbe only Illustrated dally newspaper la New Mexico and the best a dyer
ttstaMj aadtnai of tbe southwest.
THB ALBUQUERQUE CTTTZEN IS:
The Leading Republican Dally and Weekly Newspaper of the South next.
Tbe advocate of Republican principles and tbe "square deal."
TUB ALBUQUERQUE CITIZEN HAS:
Ttw Finest Equipped Job Department In New Mexico.
Tbe Latest Reports by Associated Press and Auxiliary News Service.
"WE GET THE NEWS FIRST."
STATEHOOD FOR NEW MEXICO
TTe favor the Immediate admission of the territories of New Mexico and
suisona as separate states In the Union. Republican National Platform.
The terrible flood which devastated Monterey Is another Instance whereby
New Mexico may profit from comparison.
In the entire history of our territory, there has been no great calamity.
Residence In New Mexico Is one of peace, under the bluest sky. in the purest
air and the most healthful conditions existing anywhere In all the wide
Within the past few years, many localities have been visited by the
scourges of nature. Earthquakes,
have served to reduce great cities and
and piles of ruins, but In this territory
ia oar entire history to disturb the
beauties of a country naturally beautiful.
Within a short space of time, we can recall the Oalveston flood, the San
Francisco earthquake, the seismic horrors of Southern Italy, and many h s.-er
catastrophic s, where death, suffering, want and ruin came In a night.
In Sunny New Mexico, however, the sun still shines, the zephyrs still
blow a bit strenuously at times, 'tis true but beyond the fuct that now and
then a resident drops off, from sheer old age after a long and successful life,
there Is nothing to mar the wonted calm.
Let us therefore again be thankful that we live In Albuquerque, Santa
Las Vegas. Keswell, Isleta or Tres
T,trttrlclknp world. "
'Blve em tfte imit
Tle American Bar association, in
way of a care for desertion of family, doesn't go far enough. It proposes
to pv. tht deserter in prison for not more than a year and make htm pay te
the oeserled 50 cents a day from his earnings as a convict
This will be well enough, provided that 50 cents represent his entire
earnings per diem.
The theory that convicts should not be turned loose with nothing Is very
beautiful as a general proposition based on mercy and humaneness, but there
arc at least two sorts of brutes whom merciful theories dont' reach wife
beaters and the contemptible wretches who desert their little children.
Lock up either of these sorts and the chances are ten to one that the
Innocent wives and children suffer the most, mentally and physically.
If anything at all can be got out of the deserter of family, get it all.
Certain It la that the convict who deserves to be turned loose to a diet of
ascot grass Is the fellow who has run away and left his own Utile children
to starve for all he cares.
This is the silly season when a lot of New Mexico people are coming
home from California, worn and haggard after a "vacation," short of money
suid shorter of pleasant recollection. There are some, however, who come
trooping Into town from New Mexico mountains, with enough money to pay
the grocery bill in advance and fish stories to tell, that would stagger even
There must have been something wrong at Dallas, N. M., when seventeen
freight cars ran away yesterday. It Is. strange indeed when freight cars
atthout an engine attached will run, whereas Santa, Fe passenger cars aided
by the moat powerful locomotives, are running about a day behind time.
In trying to shoot a bird, District Attorney Hervey of Kosweli shot the
top out of his buggy. , Should the district attorney ever feel that he has a
arudge agaftuH any member of the Citizen staff, he is respectfully requested
to come after said member with a loaded shot gun.
On Saturday, Santa Fe will hold a special election to take Into her city
limits enough additional territory to bring her population up to 12,000. Now
the question Is, what are we going to do ub'iut it when the census taker
eotnes around? ., -'
Kansas City man has Invented a machine that will kill ten thousand
files au hour. Many an Albuquerque man has killed ten thousand llles in
lens than an hour, while trying to get a snatch of sleep about daylight In
Nathan Jaffa, territorial secretary, says that he Is not going, to resign,
tlespite the statement In the Las t'egas Optic to the effect that he had quit,
As tht- report came solely from the Optic, no further denlul was necessary.
That earthquake In Panama would indicate that In digging the cnnsl
:wime vi r xealous workman dug too deep. More care should be exercised
Jn this respect. There is no ni cessity in digging the big ditch so deep.
All of the New Mexico silver tongu- s are puzzling their heads these days
thinking up witty thins to grt off, In case by any chance lin y are permitted
to make even a I'ttlu speech, when the president comes to Albuquerque.
The decision Uit Judg.- Abbott recently handed down to the effect that
a elephoic company ran not charge for installing a telephone, U about the
iaily loophole the average citi.n has found of beating the game.
liarriman's life must !. carefully guarded, if he is to regain his health.
Supposing be were to stop railroad and stock manipulations and expend a
little of his energies in building li'uarles?
In making Thaw I'lirnrUn nt Matteawan. the authorities of that institu
tion show commendable foresight. What Harry really need is a dip Into
sumething bi sides French literature.
A Chicago doctor says niln.e pie
eaten for breakfa-t. Now that obi
be can attend to.
The report from Sa!alnr, tli.it a '.
Iteneral must have In en ruimbt oi tne
la one group.
Madam St' -wart-Lamb's statement
more cosily. Is doutitUss not cxpci ted to
The Highland siret ear system appear to lie a certainty. It will likely
be built and in operation before we (jet that new sewer system.
Lots of people come to . w Mexico to live, but nh they get older
the y go back to the stales to ill. ;imI be b i'. 'td.
the poetoffioe of Albuquerque, y. SI.,
floods, storms, and other disturbances
provinces to huge burying grounds
there has been nothing of the sort
tranquility of life or to mar the
Piedras, anflv not in the balance of
its attempt to offer something In the
Is good for indigestion und should be
ure doctor has a larger practice than
volution Is feared. Indicates that Mime
i f talking with two or thnc men
that the new hats ;n,. very pretty hut
cheer up the married men.
Should Be Reformed
"Unless police conditions in Amer
ican cities improve, the people will
demand radical changes ptrhaps asi
Knaliinil made under l'eel. when it
put the London police under the eo - I
trol iifAc national gov rrnn t " i
Thlrul the pnsir-t! n or :-r R.-'-t. j
Anderson. K. ('. II.. ri tired !n a,l .'
ine lamous rcoiianii lain, in an a.
tide written for this paper. Sir Rob
ert has been called "the greatest pol
iceman in Europe," and Is continually
being borrowed by foreign govi rn
ments. He Is an expert In police
Condemning the "third degree' a;
hurbnrlc, and asserting that Ameri
can people do not trust thdr police.
Sir Robert ends with a short sig
nificant statement of the effectiveness
of London police.
In the metropolitan police district
live 7,250,000 people. Last year there
were 12 murders, 35 cases of man-1
slaughter. 69 robberies, 547 burglaries!
In all that vast territory.
There Is much for city officials and '
police officers to think about In Sir
Robert's article, which follows:
liy Sir Robert Aixlcrxon, K. C. It.
To British police officials tho rev
elation of the "third degree" meth
ods, as they are called, used by the
American police to extract evidence
from persons accused nf crime, seem
to savor of oriental" barhnr'sm.
Kvtn the French system of ques
tioning prisoners, though abhorrent
to British notions, affords neither
precedent tior parallel for the one
which prevails In America. In
France the interrogation of un ac
cused person Is a formal magisterial
Inquiry. The magistrate sits at one
side of the table, the prisoner at
the other. An official stenographer
attends to report tho proceedings.
Even with these precautions, the
SIR ROUT. ANDERSON,
system is liable to great abuses, and
only a few years ugo a prominent
magistrate was summarily dismissed
for having recourse to methods of the
kind which the American police are
said to adopt to wear out und bully
In England no Investigation of this
kind is tolerated. A too communica
tive prisoner Is checked by a warning
that what he says may be used against
him. An intelligent police officer will
encourage his prisoner to talk, but ho
must not question him and any abuse
of his opportunities of getting Infor
mation in this way would be severely
These old-fashlond ways that char
acterize the English polftii adminis
tration have one result which visitors
to England often notice with surprise
the police arc the friends of tho
When an Englishman, strange in
London, applies to the London police
for aid of any kind, tho particulars of
bis ease are usualb' communicated to
tho police of his home town. Expe
rience has proved that If a man ob
jects to revelations of his affairs to his
own police there to generally a slnis-.
ter motive for his objection. I
Americans however, do not come
under this rule. Trans-Atlanpie visi
tors who are men of hjfih character
and excellent repute often protest
against the practice. They declare
this; the American police will use the
information to blackmail them on
their return home. t
I do not assume that such fears are
well founded. 1 merely slate the fac-t
for it Is a fact, within my own ex
perience of police administration In
London tljit Americana have no con
Hdenec In the police of their own
The metropolitan police system of
Lonatm was created by a great states
man and administrator Sir Robert
Peel. It was the result of years of
study,, and took the department out
of the hands of city authorities, and
vested it in the home office of the n
Abuses, similar to those attracting
attention in America, led to feel's :
intervention, i flrrcdv believe that un
lis police conditions in many of Am
erica's thief cities Improve, reforms
as radical as Peel's will be required.
London has ' had splendid results
from the Peel sjstem. One Is in the
character of the men. Ties was kept
up at first by iron discipline and un
flagging vigilance. Now It maintains
Itself through long traditions and tho
"spirit of the department."
I know of caos where officers
evi n nt red' officers refused large
sains of money for Information they
hud gained in the course of police
duly. I do not pretend thnt such a
high sense nf honor is universal. I do
.'.sort that it Is typical. of course,
we h:ie black sheep, but the sentl
in' nt of tin force is against them
end genernlly detected. Their com
rades would not shield them.
it vvo-i'c! 'o highly invidious for ni"
- c u.pare the crimes of London with
.rimes '! the large cities of the
d Stat' s. but a few figures will
un' others to frame such a com
London's metropolitan police dis
trict rmli'-yi s tin an a of "ml square
miles, ' V a population of 7,250.000.
i in ago the reported murders
...l only 12. Fifteen or IB has
.he av rage f 'f many years.
reported manslaughter cases
were 35. the robberies 69, the bur
glaries 547 an unusually large num
ber. The actual loss incidental to
these crimes was re turned at $672,000.
This, it must be remembered. Is in an
area where the rateable value of pro
perty for police purposes Is 1258,193,
28. It should he borne In mlnd too,
that it Is much more difficult to police
a town of 7.000,000 than to police
three separate towns totaling that
number of Inhabitants.
The Dollar Mark
The origin of the sign S, as repre
senting the unit of our money sys
tem, has long been the subject of
discussion and not a little doubt. If
bus been variously accounted tor, the
derivations generally advinoe.l being:
1. A combination of th letters U.
S. After the adoption of thf federal
constitution these Initia.s were pre
fixed to the federal currency, and, ac
cording to many who have given
study to the subject, the two Utters
were simply run together so as to
make the magic I. the loop of the U.
disappearing in the operation.
2. An adaptation or modification of
s-8 once used to denote a piece of
i igfit reals, or, as a dollar was then
culltAl, a piece of eight.
3. A form of H. S., which was used
to mark the Roman unit of money.
4. A contraction of P. and S used
in Spanish accounts to Indicate peso,
5. A device formerly seen on the re
verse of a Mexican Pillar dollar (a
Spanish coin), representing the Pil
lars of Hercules, connected by a scroll
displaying the words Plus I'ltra.
6. A contraction of the Spanish
"fuertes" (hard;, to distinguish the
silver, or hard, dollar from paper
.In all of these cases it must be art
nf 'ted that there Is no little spcculu
tit"i, and up JothlB time there Is no
prospect thatf the question will ever
be definitely settled. The student of
tho subject can take his choice, and
doubtless will be able to find some
kind of uuthorlty for any one of these
Works a Miracle
Everybody got acquainted In tnc
last three rows of a Broadway trolley
car the other day, all owing to ' Stti
presence of William Collier. Broad
way has not known him. nor the
Lambs' club, either, since the mourn-fsl-faced
but nimble-minded com
edian lockstepped hit way out of the
Oarrlck theatre at the end of the run
of "Thu Man From Mexico." There
is a new millionaire along Million
aire's Row at St. James, Long Island,
and this is Mr. tfdlier with a million
laughs to his credit for every dollar
possessed by his neighbors. But the
other day a little note signed "C. F."
brought the comedian back to New
Vork restoring him to the mercies
of the jostling, hustling crowd be
tween the 34th street ferry and Broad
way. Entirely In a meehanlcal way
the actor accepted the transfer prof
fered by the conductor, had his ride
uptown, called at his manager's of
fice, and then "Just a lsok In" at the
Lambs' club. But like a dutiful com
muter he felt that he must get that
8:15 boat back to St. James, no mat
ter whose sory he interrupted by
rushing away from the club, j
When "Fares" thrust his hand un
der Mr. Collier's nose, it seemed the
most iSitural thing in the world fori
the cefmedian to dip into his pocket
and ham) him the transfer procured
early In the morning. But he wasj
soon brought to his senses by a loud
ye 11 "That's three hours old."
"Yes, 1 know," Mr. Collier answer
ed, "but Isn't it pretty?" I
And then tbe stolid countenance of
the human conductor cracked and j
cracked as might the side of a blank
wall until it iinloioeu into a smile,
then n grin and finally a long, re
verberating laugh. It was a modern
mirucle wrought along a busy way,'
nd Mr. Collier could not let it go
without comment. j
"Look at him!" he shouted to
everybody about him, at the same,
time Jumping up from his seat. "I
give you my word, he's laughing
the hardest audler.ee In the world. 1
have made a Hroadway conductor
luugh during working hours. I am
Albuquerque Business College
DAY AND NIGHT
r rom ujq rress
HI N o Kit 11V TRAIN.
Juan AlUercte, a native of
t'n;:as, was run over by the canta
loupe train last Saturday and was
crush' d to death. -No one saw him
until the whole tialn hud passid over
his body, t.u.ifore )t is not known
bow Hie accident occurred. Las
sxaki: i. ins norsi;.
E. H. Davis, who has a claim
northeast of Estuncla. came in from
Kansas city last week, and has been
doing Improvement work. He has
planted five acres of tree seed, and
expects to put out something like
twenty acres more. Tuesday morn
ing he shot a rattlesnake near his
bed In his ranch house. Estancla
ALL ABOUT A BABY.
Last night a young editress arrived
at the home of "Te Editor," who has
already taken charge of the home
and expects ere long to "run the
shop." Even Ruth has come under
the dominating power of the little
Miss and is doing homage to her
shrine. A co-Incident rather remark
able is the fact that the birthday of
both the young ladles was on Aug.
2. AH concerned are doing well,
except the "papa," who expects to be
able to attend to his regular duties
again next week. Estancla News.
Reports from the North Star are
to the effect that the company is be
ing driven to desperate straits to stop
the stealing of high-grade ore by the
miners working In the shaft. So rich
is the North Star rock that small
quantities, easily secreted, yield rich
returns. So wholesale has been the
looting that It has curtailed the out
put of the mine and Impaired the
efficiency of the company's plant.
The management dares not Increase
the force greatly by putting on num
bers of strange men, until they have
secured themselves against "high
grading." Yuma Sun.
COUNTY SEAT 1TGIIT.
Torrance county's former county
seat, Progresso, is hutting in on Es
tnncia's new court house deal. An
injunction restraining county officials
from starting the erection of the new
court house lias bei n asked for of
Judge McFie, and a temporary In
junction granted, the case to be heard
on Sept. 16. Wo presume that this
means the ttart of a struggle that
will determine the future of the coun
ty seat, and it is well that it is so. If
Estancla has any permanent claim on
the county seat and county buildings,
now is the time.. to show the rest of
the county residents. The state of
affairs seems to show that a great
many people are from
STOLE A LOCOMOTIVE.
Through the activities and zeal of
police of the Fifth demarcation yes
terday morning a rising Industry
which possibly might some day have
grown into on? of Importance was
smoothed out because of the alleged
dishonest methods empleiyed by the
chief of the concern, Manuel Violante.
alsi chief of the repair department
of the national railroad shop at San
tiago. On his Initiative Violante had
launched out In a small way to man
ufacture locomotives and had Just
completed the construction of a mar
velously complete and practical loco
motive of several horse power. Un
fortunately for the future of his In
dustry," however, he Is alleged to hate
appropriated materials belonging to
the National Railroads of Mexico in
Its construction, and to have used his
own time and that : a number of
men under him, paid by the company
in order to construct the machine!
What use he was going to put the
locomotive has not been given out.
locomotive has not been given out.
"VT. H. Ames a telegraph operator
ef Corono, N. M., in a letter to friends
In this city, tells of his remarkable
transfiguration from an Invalid,
stricken with what la known as the
telegrapher's paralysis, to his old
time vigor twelve years ago, before
he was stricken, Ames attributes the
change to supernatural power and
says the voice of some invisible spirit
whispered to him.
The following Is the story told by
Ames of his remarkable recovery,
which he says is a miracle:
"Friday morning at 2 o'clock I was
sitting in the railroad office when
something seemed to whisper in my
ear, 'try your right hand.' Now my
right hand has been dead for these
past 12 years and I thought that it
would never again be of service to
me. but Just mechanically I tried to
move it and It worked as if it never
had been affected nt all. I became
wild with Joy and Hied to see if 1
could telegraph and it worked the
same as it had always done in the
days gone by. 1 don't know how it
happened, but 1 can now use my
hanels and my friends know that for
yoars past I have been paralyzed und
unable to work with my right hand.
Li Cruces Citizen.
We DARN your Books.
Prof. J. E. Goodell, Manager.
FALL TERM OPENS SEPT.
t ; XiU.- ma
Capital and Surplus, $100,000
I NTEREST ALLOWED
WITH AMPLE MEANS AND UNSURPASSED FACILITIES
BANK of OOMMBROK
OF ALBUQUERQUE. N M.
Extends to Depositors Every Proper Accommodation
and Solicits New Accounts
orricKms and ommcrcRm
SOLOMON LUNA, President
W 5. STRICKLER, Vice President and Cashlti
W. J. JOHNSON, Assistant Cashier
William Mcintosh, J. C. Baldrldtre.
A. M. Blackwe t, U. E. Cromwell.
First Hat ion a 1
ALBUQUERQUE, N. M.
OF A GOOD
Is important not only for the present, but
also for the years to come.
The right bank connection will be a material
help to your every day business.
This bank has a successful record of safe, con
servative banking from the day of its organi
zation. THE BANK OF COMMERCE
ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO
CAPITAL AND 9URRLU8 .... 9200,000
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Native and Chicago Lumber, Sherw in -'Williams Paint None Better.
Building Paper, Planter, Umc, Cement, Glass, Rash, Poors, Etc.
J. C BAJLDRIDGE
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