, J. YATES, Enrroie and Phopeietor.
Term of ,Subcrij)tioi Three Dollars, in advance.
CHARLOTTE, N.. C, DECEMBER 22, 1870.
NINETEENTH VOLUME N UMBER 949.
v m mm a at m 'u i & am a jr aifp ! a w m t a m a k m a i wit m - - w a at at a w maw mam. m a m a a m m w t m m a a, m
VIhLIAM J. YATES, Editor and Proprietor.
Tkk.ms Three Dollars per annum in advance.
Advertisements will be inserted at reasonable
r ,;, s. or in accordance with contract.
((Miliary notices of over live lines in length will
li.nyed for at advcrtiiiig rates.
SMITH & HAMMOND
;ive in Store a Full Stock of Drugs, Medicines,
iVr., which they are olfc-ring at very low prices,
v lu.lesale anl retail.
Country .Merchants and others visiting Charlotte
m ill ! well to call and get quotations.
want to purchase a large amount of "WOOL,
l.ii li we will pay the highest market-price.
McMUIiUAY, DAYIS & CO.
S-;.tiT.lliT , 1870.
Dr. W. II. Hoffman,
DK.N T 1ST,
:.-;. -el f'lily informs the citiz ens of Charlotte and
.ijliic geiKTiilly, that he has permanently loea
! I in CharloMe. He is fully prepard to attend to
a!! e il!.- relating to his profession.
A s'i rrKsful practice ii.r more than 10 years in
t; ; . . 1 1 lion of country ami in the Confederate arm'
el Vii-iaia during j'lie I., le war, warrants him in
I ru iii 1:14 entire satisfaction to ail parlies who may
,1 hi- .-cr vices.
;,i-K!ii:nc::a M". I. IVgram Cashier 1st Nation
:.; I'.i-.-.k !' Charlotte; i)r. Win. Sloan, Dr. J. II. Mc-A-lr:;.
and W.J. Yates. Editor Charlotte Democrat.
T!, .'! firm of ALEXANDER & BLAND is
l,'i,!.v revived, at the former stand in Brown's
li i di e , oj; o .t the C ail )ttc Hotel. Entire sat-i.-fae
j - 1 1 i l e.aranteed, teelii car. be extracted witli-
,1 j.a:n. 1 lie patronage ot our old customers is
1 c.ia.i solicited.
in 11 -Is;o. .
Robert Gibbon, M. D.,
1MIVSICIAN AND Sl'RGEOX.
!iee over Smitli & Hammond's Drug Store
i I. nee on College Street.
I:.il -.M. IS T().
J. P. McCombs, M. D.,
Oli'd-s liis professional services to the citizens of
( ii.ulult am! sarrounding country. All calls, both
i:i. !il ::n 1 day, promptly attemh-d'to.
Cilice in Iirown's building, up stairs, opposite the
( ct -Jti, 1H;H.
Dr. JOHN II. McADEN,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
CHARLOTTE, X. C,
! I ! ua hiiml a large and well selected stock of PURE
Pil ;.S, Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Family
M-acin s. Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye Stall's,
E-i-iey and Toilet Articles, which he is determined
lis -II iit the very lowest prices.
Ian 1, S71.J
Dr. E. C. ALEXANDER,
CIIAHLOTTi:, X. C,
Oilers his services as Phvsician to the citizens of
t '.iiii.ir- and surrounding country.
i ':'- Dr. Alexander makes a good Couivh
ha:t any Patent Medicine. Try it.
CIJAi.LOTTK, X. C.
well-known House having been newly fur-
ind refitted in every department, is now open
t 'l lae accommodation of the
Oinmbusscs at the Depot on arrival of Tr iins.
J:m21, 1S70. 11. C. ECCLES.
Stoves, Tin & Sheeting Iron Ware.
Always on hand the best STOVES in the market.
'i"ai's Ciilorii'ic, Excelsior, Columbia and Live
o.ik Cm iking Stoves.
II. and Parlor Stoves,
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware,
Hollow Ware, Japanese Ware, and various
All wares and work warranted as represented.
Z'-y "Orders respectfully solicited.
d) L'H, 1S70.
D. II. BYEltLY
JOHN T. BUTLER,
Watch and Clock Maker,
AM) DKAT.T-Ut IN
IKWELRY, FINE WATCHES CLOCKS,
Watch Materials, Spectacles, kc.
A i-1!. 1SIJ7. CHARLOTTE, X. C.
D. SNYDER & SON,
Gun and Lock Smiths,
CIIAULOTTE, X. C,
D ili n. Manufacturers anil Repairers of all kinds of
';iii;s. L'illes, Pistols, Door Locks, Trunk Locks and
K';ys nf all mzcs.
l'lie 1m .-t of (Jims, Rilles, &c, constantly for sale
"r pi-.H-nred to order at prices i.ow uowx.
On to the new Jobbing Shop to get your Anns,
K llis or Sporting Goods, or have your old work
ii;a;;r jis jrood as new.
Shop ia Parks' Building near tho Public Square.
Angi, 1S70. W. E. SNYDER.
Shoes and Boots, Leather, &c.
S. li. MKACIIAM,
In thk National Bank Buiidino,
Has received a verv lanre stock of
n DOTS, SHOES, h E a t her,
Shoe-Findings, Belting, &c.,
To which he respectfully asks the attention of
wholesale and retail buyers.
The examination of his stock bv country mer-
har.ts is solicited, as it will be sold on as favorable
terms as can be obtained anywhere
All die new styles of Ladies' and Gentlemans'
vjluH-s and Boots will be found in GREAT VAR1E-
Oct. 10, 1S70.
S. B. MEAXIIAM.
r . unders.gned has opened a Shop in the Brick
Lan luiK next to th Charlotte Hotel, where he S
to do any work in his line, such as makirjr
,lM 1 rcit.-lirinrr
as SPCTnlworkn,an aml has a good
tT on halul; ll,s,- Guns and
Sionmwifn0tll5n- cle tlian ex-i-fa.
t ,n ' he w Wlllmo always toguarantee sa'.
'lt. 2(5, 1S70.
0 4 ft ivLESTER.
Orator and Newspaper.
Compare tie orator, one of the noblest
vehicles for the diffusion of thought, with
the newspaper, and we may gam a faint
glimpse of the ubiquitous power of the latter.
The orator speaks but to a few hundreds,
the newspaper addresses millions. The
words of the orator may die in the air, the
language of a newspaper "is stamped on tables
imperishable as marble. The arguments of
the orator may follow each other so rapidly
that a majority of the audience may struggle
in a net of ratiocination the reasoningof
the newspaper may be scanned at leisure
without a fear of perplexity. The passion
of the orator influences an assembly, the
feeling of a newspaper electrifies a continent.
The orator is for an edifice, the newspaper
for the -world the one shines for an hour,
the other glows for all time ; the orator may
be compared to lightning, which flashes over
a valley for a moment, but it leaves it arain
-in darkness; the newpaper to a sun blazing
steadily over the whole eartii, and "fixed on
the basis of its own eternity." Printing has
been happily defined "the art which preserves
all arts." Printing makes the orator more
than an orator, 'it catches up his dying
words, and breathes into them the breath of
life. It is the speaking gallery through
which the orator thunders in the ears of ages.
He le ans from the tomb over the cradle of
To Wholesale Buyers,
I Manufacture, constantly, CANDIES of all
kinds, which will be sold as cheap as can be bought
in the Northern market.
21 Try on Street.
New Millinery Goods.
lias just returned from the North with a large as
sortment of Millinery Goods. She invites the Ladies
to call and see the latest styles and fashions.
Oct. 10, 1S70.
Read This! Read This!!
OSBORNE & SCHIFF,
Manuka cruREiis of IIaukkss and Saddi.ks,
Have removed from opposite the First National
B ink to the store f-rmeily occupied by E. Lowen
gard, two doors above Messrs. Breni, Jirown fc Co's
Hardware Store, where they keep the most extensive
stock ever kept in this market for
Wholesale and Retail.
Thev will compete in prices with any house in the
Unit jd States
Leather for Sale.
D pot for SCHIFF & BliO'S Tannery
Oct 10, 1870.
GREGORY & WILLIAMSON.
XEAY, STOCK OF GROCERIES,
Biyce's Building, CirAitioTrn, N. C.
The attention of strictly CASH buyers is called to
our large stcck of Groceries and Provisions, such as
Suuar, Coilee, Miasse; and Teas,
Salt, leather. Fish of all sorts.
Cotton Ties, Rope and ba-cging,
Pure Liquors and Wines for Medicinal purposes.
And every thing usually kept in a wholsale and
retail Grocery establishment.
tt" We offer spe cial inducement to those who
buv for Cash.
GREGORY & WILLIAMSON.
Oct, 10, 1870. Bryce's B dlding, Trade Street.
At Smiths' Shoe Stores.
You can buy the best and cheapest Boots, Shoes,
Leather, Hats, Trunks and Tobacco.
Oct 17, 1870. s. r. smith & co.
R. M. MILLER & SONS,
GENERAL FKODUCE DEALERS
Coilexe Street, CiiAKEoriE, N. C.
May 10, 18 SO.
Watch Maker and Jeweler,
Has taken 'the Store formerly occupied by MrBeck
with, adjoining Mrs. P. Query's Millinery Store,
where he intends carrying on the
Watch and Jewelry Business
In all its branches. Having had an experience of
thirty years in North Carolina he considers himself
competent to do any work in his line. He will also
kc-'p on hand a good stock of Watches and Jewelry
and. other goods usually kept in Jewelry Store.
He respectfully solicits the patronage of the citi
zens ot Charlotte and vicinity.
All work done will be waranted for 12 months.
March 14, lb70.
To prevent return of Chills.
DR. E. C. ALEXANDER makes a Pill that will
prevent the return of Chills in a very large majority
of cases. Try them. Office in Parks1 Building.
Oct. 3, 1870. 8m
Stoves, Tin, Jappaned and
AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
Opposite Thos. R. Tate & Thos. W. Dewey's Bank
ing House, Try on Street,
Charlotte, N. C.
ROOFING, GUTTERING and REPAIRING
promptly attended to.
Feb 7: 1870. GEO.
J. Y. BRYCE & CO.,
General Commission Merchants,
CHARLOTTE, X. C.
Particular attention paid to the selling of all kinds
of Produce, Cotton and Tobacco.
3$" Highest cash price paid for Cotton.
All orders from a distance promptly attended
to. J. Y. BRYCE.
March 5, 1309. W. II. BRYCE.
Watch Maker & Jeweler,
Being ousted bv the late fire, I have moved across
the street to the Store between Messrs Wittkowsky
& Rintle's and Dr. Scarr's Drug Store, where I am
receiving a new stock of Watches, Clocks, Jewelry,
Spectacles, Silver ware, &c., &c, whjch will be sold
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry carefully repaired
and waranted for twelve months. A. IlALES.
Nov. 22, 1870f
A New Trick vUpon Travelers.
A gentleman recently traveling from
Philadelphia to Xew York, fell into a chance
conversation in the smoking car with a
stranger having all the outward appearances
of respectability. After some quarter or
half hour's talk, the stranger politely asked
the gentleman if he would take a cigar, at"
the same time holding out two cigars, one
looking like a Kegalia, the other smaller,
such as is usually called a London size. The
gentleman happening to take the larger one,
being the nearest to him as presented, the
stranger recommended him to take the
smaller one, remarking that he thought it
was of better flavor. After smoking about
quarter to a third of the cigar, the gentle
man discovered that he was suddenly be
coming very dizzy. A suspicion flashed
through his mind that that cigar, was not all
right. lie immediately threw it away : but
his giddiness increased so much that it was
with the greatest difficulty that he preserved
his self possession. In a few minutes a most
copious perspiration started from every pore
of his body and the water ran off his person.
The stranger meanwhile was apparently
sound asleep on tJie other end of the seat.
On his arrival at Xew York the gentleman
with great difficulty got out of the car and
took a carriage for his hotel, where he was
soon after violently attacked with vomiting,
and passed a verv sick night. He had been
for several years a resident of Cuba, a great
smoker, and is fully convinced that the cigar
was drugged, and that this is a new dodge
to entrap the. unwary for the purpose of rob
bery. He attributes his escape to the fact
of his smoking but little of the cigar, and to
his very robust constitution. Our railroad
managers will be obliged to issue a supple
ment to the "notice" sometimes seen in the
cars : "Beware of well-dressed men who ask
you to play euchre," cautioning the public
to "JJeware of well-dressed men who offer
you a cigar." liost-on IVavcLr.
Reward for Gallantry.
In the year 18G2 Congress appropriated
$20,000 for medals for private soldiers who
distinguished themselves by individual acts
of conspicuous bravery in battle during the
war, and in 1863 this act was amended so as
to include officers equally meritorious. L'n
til a few days ago but four medals had been
given to officers, ami the fifth was recently
presented, by general orders from the head
quarters of the General of the Army, to Dr.
J. F. Thompson, of this city, who was medi
cal director attached to the start' of General
Foster at Xewbern, N. C. This is the only
medal vet awarded to a member of the niedi-
cal corps, and the act it honors was the fol
One morning Gen. Foster's army was pre
paring to attack the enemy, who were known
to be near by in force, but owing to a thick
fog it was impossible to discover their posi
tion or strength, lien. Foster was of course
exceedingly desirous of getting information
on these points, but declined to order any
one to undertake the work because of its
hazardous .nature. In this juncture Surgeon
Thompson volunteered to make the recon
noi.sauce alone. He advanced through some
woods, and then cautiously over a cleared
tract. When he had got some distance the
dense mist suddenly lifted, and revealed him
standing alone and unprotected, in plain
view and easy range of long lines of the
enemy, formed in line of battle, as if await
ing an attack. They opened lire on him and
he ran for cover, liy a most wonderful for
tune, he was not harmed bejore reaching the
woods, when he got behind a tree and made
a rapid sketch of the enemy's position, and
returned with it to the camp, lie had never
regarded this act as specially meritorious,
but the army authorities, while looking over
some records 01 that campaign the other
day, came upon a narration of the exploit,
and at once determined to signally reward
so simial a service. Hie JJoctor was as
much surprised as gratified at this recogni
tion of his daring act of patriotism.
Fine Dressing of Clmrch-Goers.
Appleton's Journal thinks that the wear
ing of line dresses by church-going ladies is
not so reprehensible a practice alter all. It
"Men and women in pure linen, in unstained
apparel, in choice personal adornment, have
a sense of dignity and elevation which those
in a slovenly garb do not experience. And
it is 110 particular sin if this sort of elevation
is carried a little too far. Pride of course,
often enters into line dressing, and many
women particularly are fnd of flaunting
their tine feathers in the people's eyes; but
a great majority love handsome dressing in
obedience to an instinct of refinement in
consequence of that sense of personal purity
wnicn accompanies me wearing 01 emme
apparel and hence Ave see perfect congruity
in the well dressed crowds that pour through
our streets on Sunday, wending their way to
the place of prayer. And our most fashion
able congregations, if exhibiting too much of
ultra elegance, even it showing unmistak
ably the presence of pride and vain-glory in
too lame a proportion for the spiritual wel
fare of the worshippors, have yet an air of
sobriety, are reverential in manner at least
conditions that seem to have been different
in former times, if we can credit M. J. C.
Jefferson, who in his new "Book about the
Clergy," gives us some striking pictures of
church assemblies in the olden times.
n. C. ECCLES,
of Iredell county, X.-C.
T. H. GATTHER,
of Mcksville, X. C.
ECCLES & G AETHER.
Auctioneers and Commission Merchants,
CHARLOTTE, X. C,
For the sale and purchase of Cotton, Tobacco, Grain,
Flour, Produce and Merchandize of all kinds. .
cir" They have removed their Store to the Brick
House below Springs' building, Trade Street.
References T. W. Dewey & Co., Bankers ; M.
P Pc-rani, Cashier, First National Bank; W.J.
Yate "Editor "Western Democrat," Charlotte, X. C.
March 23, 1870.
A Few Instances of Strange Nuptial Con
tracts and Ceremonies.
The "most married" woman of which there
is any record was undoubtedly the "Harlem
woman spoken of by Evelyn in his diary,
whose propensity for re-marrying had to be
checked by law. "She married to lur twenty-fifth
husband, and being now a widow.
was prouiuiteu to marry in the tuture.
JMany years ago, a man in Hartsville. X.
Y., became attached to a young and beauti
ful damsel, who died before their intended
marriage could be consummated. lie then
married the mother of the deceased, who was
some twenty years her senior, but with whom
he lived quite happily until she was eighty
and he six t y years of age. As the wife had
fyy this time become quite decrepit, they
adopted a maid of some thirty summers, who
had lived with them a year and a half when
the old lady died.
Before the time appointed for the funeral.
the man himself was taken sick, on which
account the funeral services were postoned
four weeks. But in less than two weeks he
sent for a justice of the peace, and was mar
ried to the maid he had adopted. The next
day the couple applied to the town for sup
port, and the next day the man himself died,
his luneral being attended belore that of his
first wife, and the woman he had so recently
married being the only mourner.
When Socrates was asked whether it were
better for a man to get married or live single,
he replied : "Let him do either and he will
repent it. ith due respect to Socrates,
we must object to the above. We once knew
a fortunehunting young man who. married a
maiden lady on the wintry side of the hit y.
She was worth about one hundred thousand
lollars, and died in less than a month after
the celebration of the nuptial ceremonies.
lie inherited her property, and he never re
pented his marriage.
Among the ancient Germans it was death
for any woman to marrv before she was
twenty years old. By the laws of Lycurgus
the most special attention was paid to the
physical education, and no delicate or sickly
woman were allowed to marry.
In the Koyal Library of Paris is a written
contract, drawn up in 1207, between two
persons of noble birth in Armagme. The
document bound the husband and wife to
faithful wedlock for seven years. It stipu
lated that the parties should have the right
to renew the tie at "the end of that time if
they mutually agreed ; but if not the children
were to be equally divided ; if the number
should chance not to be even, they were to
draw lots for the odd one.
In Borneo, marriages, which generally
succeeded a lengthened routine of enigmati
cal courtship ptculiar to those people, are
celebrated with great pomp and consideiable
originality. The bride and bridegroom are
conducted from the opposite ends of the vil
lage to the spot where the ceremony is per
formed. They are seated on two bars of iron
symbolic of the vigorous and lasting bles
sings in store for them. A cigar and betel
leaf, carefully prepared with area nut, are
put into the hands of each. One. of the offi
ciating priests advances, waves two fowls
over the heads of the betrothed, and in a long
address to the Supreme Being and a short
one to the couple, calls down eternal bles
sings on them, implores that peace and hap
piness may attend the union, and gives some
temporal advice, sometimes of a character
more medical than saintly. The spirtual
part being thus concluded the material suc
ceeds. The heads of the affirmed are knock
ed together three or four times; then the
bridegroom puts his betel leaf and cigar into
the mouth of the bride; and thus they are
acknowledged a wedded couple, with the
sanction of their religion. At a later period
on the nuptial evening, fowls are killed, the
blood caught in two cups, and by its color
the priest foretells the happiness or misery
of t lie newly married. The ceremony is
closed by a feast, much dancing and noisy
The following romantic story is told of
Lord March (grandson of Charles II,) who
afterwards became the second Duke of
Richmond, and who, while vet quite young,
was engaged, without being consulted as to
the choice to a lady still younger. The
bride was Lady , the daughter of the
Earl of Cadegan, Marlborough's favorite
general. Their union (according to Xapli
er's account) was a bargain to cancel a
gaming debt between the parent, and the
young Lord ilarch was brought from col
lege, and the lady from the nursery, for the
ceremony. The bride was amazed and
silent, but the bridegroom exclaimed, "Sure
ly you are not going to marry me to that
dowdy V"' Married he was, however, and
his tutor instantly carried him oft' to the
Continent. A few years after this event
Lord 31 arch returned home from his travels,
a most accomplished gentleman, but having
such a very disagreeable recollection of his
wife that he avoided home, and repaired,
on the first night of his arrival at the theatre.
There he saw a lady of so fine an appearance
that he asked who she was, and on being
answered that she was "the reigning toast,
the beautiful Lady 3farcli," he hastened to
claim her, and they lived together so affec
tionately that one year after his decease, in
1750, she died of grief.
ZST Five years ago, 31 r. Greely wrote
to a friend in Wheeling, Va., advocating
universal amnesty and universal suffrage.
He then predicted that in five years young
men enough would come to their majority
men whom no political disabilities could
reach to wrest the State from Republican
rule, unless some liberal and conciliatory
policy were adopted. The prophecy has
been lulhlled. est irerinia is now a ?
Democratic State. And the same policy
which has wrested that State from the Re
publicans has given the Democracy gains
enough throughout the country to enable
them to see a fair prospect of gaining control
r r ' 1 , . 1
of the Government at the next election.
North Carolina at Gettysburg.
The Gallantry of North Carolinian Yiudicated.
Communicated to the Wilmington Journal.
The opinion is wide-spread, beyond the
limits of our State, that the Xorth Carolina
troops under the command of the lamented
Pettigrew behaved very cowardly on the
third day at Gettysburg. It is not difficult
to trace the source of this slander. Certain
newspapers, immediately after the disastrous j
battle, in their effort to glorify the deeds of
Pickett s division, misrepresented the facts
in regard to the Xorth Carolinians in the
division of Gen. Heath, of Virginia, which
was temporarily commanded by Gen. Petti
grew. And so the falsehood, with its "seven
league boots," has traveled throughout the
land, and as gallant a body of men as ever
charged a battery or fought for human liberty
have been grossly villitied year after year,
and their splendid courage has been turned
into arrant cowardice. But these brave men
will yet be vindicated in the providence of
God, and the South at least will learn the
truth concerning Pettigrew's Brigade at
Gettysburg. Veritas vinu et mora, falmt
J'tstltadioite et hicertls va'cscmit.
W ithout intending to enter into any de
fence of our "boys in gray" in this brief
article, there is one fact that ought to be
stated. In Helh's division there were four
brigades. Such, at least, is my recollection.
Of these only one was from Xorth Carolina,
and that was commanded by Pettigrew him
self the Sir Philip Sydney of the South.
On the first day of the battle Gen. Ileth was
wounded, when Gen. Pettigrew, as senior
Brigadier, took command. The result was
that on the third day the division of Ileth
was led by a soldier from this State. 1 do
not positively assert that there were two
Virginia brigades in this division, but such
is my impression. I regret I have not by
me official records so as to accurately deter
mine this point. But at any rate, the im
pression has been made that the division
under Pettigrew, which is reported to have
behaved badly in the face of the enemy, were
composed for the most part of North Caro
linians, Avhen, in fact, as above stated, only
ojtc of four brigades was from this State.
That brigade, on that terrible day, did no
discredit to the general reputation of our
troops for valor, but behaved with consum
mate bravery, despite what slanderers have
said or may bay. Let any one examine the
list of killed ami wounded, and he will find,
unless my memory fails me here, that Petti
grew lost nearly as many men in his oirn
Oi'ifftide as Pickett's entire division. The
20th X. C. T., formerly commanded bv Gov.
Vance, but then under the leadership of the
youthful but dashing Harry Burgwyn, sus
tained a greater loss on the first and third
davs of that fearful battle than was sustained
by any one regiment in any one battle dur
ing the whole war. Such, at least, is the
impression made upon me.
But, 3Iessrs. Editors, my main purpose in
this communication is to request you, who
have always exhibited a hearty Xorth Caro
lina sympathy and pride whenever the cause
of our soldiers was concerned, to republish,
at an early day, the defence of Pettigrew's
Brigade, made after his death by the sur
viving officers, and published in many of
our papers at the time. It was written, I
think, by Capt. Young, of Charleston, S. C,
who was a member of Gen. Pettigrew s staff.
You M ill doubtless find it among your files,
Bring it out and let it be set in motion once
more. There is need for it, for Swinton, the
fairest of Yankee writers uku the war, in
rus elaborate work, perpetrates the same
slander against our Xorth Carolina boys
He falls into 'the same error (doubtless mis
led by certain newspapers and by sensational
writers) of supposing Helh's Division to be
composed almost entirely of Xorth Carolina
troops. Thus supposing, he is gracious
enough to speak of them as being "compara
tively green." But let me quote a passage
entire. Ihis lankee says ot our boys:
"To animate them, they had been told that
they would meet only the Pennsylvania
militia. But Avhen, approaching tfre slope,
they received the feu denfer from I lav's
line, there ran through their ranks a cry, the
effect of which was like to that which thrilled
a Greek army, when it was said that the god
1 an was among them the Army of the
Potomac!' Thus suddenly dis-illusioned.
regarding their opponents, Pettigrew's
troops broke in disorder, leaving two thou
sand prisoners and fifteen colors in the hands
of Hay's Division."
I believe every word of this, as applied
to the Xorth Carolinians in Heth's division,
to be utterly false. The article I call upon
you to publish amply refutes the whole
Again, if you will read an article in the
lid uti tt of the Soidh, of the date of Novem
ber 5th, published at Augusta, Ga., in review
of Swinton's work, you will, I apprehend,
agree with me, that there is a necessity for
the republication of the aforesaid article.
Whilst ridiculing Swinton's statement, as
made in the above extract, that paper fails
to expose the falsehoods put forth by him.
It dees not apear to know that there was
but one Xorth Carolina brigade among the
troops composing Heth's division, and seems
to be ignorant of the magnificent courage
displayed by Pettigrew's brigade in its
charge up those awful heights. This brigade
had fought well and often before. It was
no exception to our other brigades. The
Jianner quotes Swinton as saying that "Fred
ericksburg and Chancellorsville had raised
the wonre of Lee's army to the highest
pitch." The Banner says that the troops
a- -v .1 r 1: . v !.j..j,t :
from Xorth Carolina must be included in
this remark of Swinton. I should think so,1
when over half of the killed and wounded at
Chancellorsville were Xorth Carolinians. I
suppose at Fredericksburg nearly half of
Gen. Lee's army was from this State. Xorth
Carolinians hnmn that half of the casualties
in the battles around Richmond were among
the Xorth Carolina brigades. The proof of
l this can be easily established. But such
! e . . . 1 ...... ...".1 t ......
facts as these and thev are facts you can
never learn from the writers of other States.
1 learn that Gov. Graham stated in the
Confederate Senate, that A?hen Gen, Grant
crossed the Bapidan, half of the forces that
confronted him under Gen. Lee were from
our honored old commonwealth. If Gov..
Graham so stated, it may bo relied upom
implicitely, for no one is more careful in his
statements, or more certain in his sources
nf inform ?t irm Wnothnr hn sr s-ilil rr not
r bcliove that it is nonc the less true thai
half of the troops were from-this State,
In conclusion, I make this statement that
may be relied upon. One of the ablest
members of the Petersburg bar, when living,
the late Mr. Wallace, told Rev. Dr. Pritch
ard, of Raleigh, and myself, whilst we were
sitting in his porch, that Gen. A. P, Hill
once said to him, at the time that Grant's -hordes
were beleaguering Petersburg, that
he would rather command Xorth Carolina
troops than anv other. Why this pre
ference? Gen. Hill had seen those troops
on scores of battle fields, and he knew that
they could always be relied uionfor patient5
endurance or for hard fighting. Gen. Hill,
be it remembered, was a lrginian.
Oxford, X. C. T. 13. IC
Sleep, Fainting, Apoplexy.
When a man is asleep his pulse beats,
and his lung8 pby but he is without sense,
and you can easily wake him p.
It a person taints, he too is without sense,
imt he has no pulse and does not breathe.
Apoplexy is between the two the heart
beats, the lungs play as in sleep, and there
is no sense as in fainting, but you can t shake
the man back to life.
In sleep the face is natural.
In a fainting tit it lias the pallor of death
In apoplexy it is swollen, turpid, and fair
If a man is asleep, let him alone; nature
will wake him up as soon as lie has got sleep
When a person faints, all that is needed is
to lay him down on the floor, and he will
"come to" in double quick time. He fainted
because the heart missed a beat, failed for
an instant, failed for only once to send the
proper amount of blood to the brain. If
you place the patient in a horizontal position,
lay him on his back. It does not require
much force of the heart to send the blood
on a level to the head ; but, if you set a man
up, the blood has to be shot upward to the
head, and this requires much more force;
yet, in nine cases out of ten, if a person faints
and falls to the floor, the first thing done is
to run to him and set him up or place him
on a chair.
In apoplexy, as there is too much blood
in the head, every one can see that the posi
tion is to set a man up, and the blood natu
rally tends downward as much so as water
will come out of a bottle when it is turned
upside down if the cork is out.
If, then a man is merely asleep, let him
alone, for the face is natural.
If a man has fainted, lay him fiat on his
back, for his face is deadly pale.
If a man is apopletic, set him in a chair,
because the face is turbid, swollen, and livid
with its excess of blood.
What is apoplexy ? From the suddenefes
of the attack and the apparent carlessness
of it, the Greeks connected it in their own
minds with the idea of a stroke of lightning as
coming from the Almighty hand; it literally
means "a stroke from above." As instan
taneous as the hurling of a thunderbolt in a
clear sky, there comes a loss of sense, and
feeling, and thought and motion : the heart
beats, the lungs play, but that is all they
soon cease for ever. The Romans sonsider
ed the pei son to be "thunderstruck" or planet
struck, as if it were of an unearthly origin.
The essental nature of apoplexy is an un
natural amount of blood in the brain.
Whatever sends too much to the brain may
cause apoplexy. Whatever keeps the blood
from coming from the brain -dams it up
may cause apoplexy. This is the king
of apoplexy which seems to come with
out any adequate cause. Tying a cord
around the neck, or holding the head down
ward two long, can bring on an attack of ap
oplexy, darning up the blood in the brain,
and keeping it from ret unrig from the body.
A sudden mental emotion can send too
much blood to the brain ; or too great men
tal excitement does the same thing. It is
the essental nature of all Avines and spirits
to send an increased amount of blood to the
brain ; hence alcohol is said to stimulate thp
The first effect of taking a glass of wine
or stronger form of alcohol is to send the
blood there faster than common, hence it
quickens the circulation ; that gives the red
faces; it increases activity of the brain, and
so does the tongue. But as the blood goes
to the brain faster than common, it returns
faster, and no special permanent harm re
sults. But suppose a man keeps on drinking,
the blood is sent to the brain much faster, in
such large quantities that in order to make
room for it, the arties have to enlarge them
selves ; they increase in izc, 3nd in doing o
press against the more yielding flaccid veins
which carry the blood out of the brain, and
thus considerably diminish' their sizr
their pores; the result being that the blocxl
is not only carried to the arteries of the brain
faster than is natural or healthful, but it is
prevented from leaving is as fast as usual,
hence a double set of causes of death are set
in operation. Hence a man may drink
enough brandy or other spirits in a feir
hours, or even minutes to bring on a fatal
attack of apoplexy; this is literally being
dead drunk Halte Journal of Htalth.
Ju?t as a traveler was writing his name on
the register of a Leavenworth hotel, a bed
bug sallied and took its way across the page.
The man paused and remarked : "Pve been
bled by St. Joe fleas, bitten by Kansas spidery
and interviewed by Fort Scott gjay-backs,
but I'll be blamed if I was ever in a place
before where the bedbugs looked over the
hotel register to find out where you room,
xml | txt