Newspaper Page Text
I I V llllllltl I I 1 I I I 111
i V . . . (
, J. YATES, Eoitok and Proprietor.
" titifjKcription Three Dollars, in advance.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, TUESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1871.
NINETEENTH VOLUME N UMBER 952.
o J "ft Win it 1 1 i l
1 1 1 1 1 ii
. rti$usiij:i ijy
WILLIAM J. YATES, Editor and Proprietor.
Terms Three Dollars i r annum In advance.
Advertisinu n will be inserted at reasonable
or in :il-. r.!.un ; with contract.
Oh't.i trv jioiirooC over five lines in length wilj
d,M- a f'"r :it udwrti-ing rates
-Robert Gibbon, M. D., -
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON".
"" OHiee over Smith k Hammonds Drug Store
lJr-i.l' ii ' n Collide Street.
Jan -. 1S70.
J. P. MeCombs, M. D.,
( ;y, rs hi' ro!Vssioniil services to th citizens of
( Ji :i !! an I - ur Minding country. All calls, both
, i m,1 ;i: 1 clay, jromjtly attended to.
utVi-r in Brown's bidding, til stairs, opposite the
C..:.! 'Jolt;' IIot.,'1.
The old firm of A LI IX A N 1) Ell S: BLAND is
l i p liv n ived, at the 1't.rmi-r stand in BrownV
I'Villh';-, o;-oV;ti the Chailotb 1 1 t 1 . Entires.it
i i.-'-iiaraiittcd, t. eth e:in !)( etra( U-d witii-
jriin. T;i' patronage of our old cu.stonu rs is
V, :r-!t 1 ! 1S.0.
Dr. V. II. Hclfaian,
I ) E N T I S T.
I !!: p"etf'i!lv iiiforms t!;e eili' ii.; of Charlotte and
th-' I'ul. i,; ; .'.u i.iliy. t.iat in' lias permanently loca
te I in C.iarioti . 1!" inlly rr;:ul to attend to
call- n l.tting to his profession.
A s;;r-i';,sl id praftie- for more tlian 10 years in
t'ui- -1 - 1 i . i i of i i : 1 1 i v and in th-' Confederate jinnv
I irrinia ("mri-er the late war, warrants him in
pi'ii.:i i. g -ittiti- sal; -iai-'uo;i to all laitiv's wao niav
l !. his siTvic s.
;.:' a! ii: idi la c n Try on Street, je.st below
T ' 1 w- 's Bank.
Hk: i.i;;-.Nn';s M. P. Pegr.nn flashier 1st Nation
al B ... ..; of , i rl .t t -; Dr. 'Wm. Sloan, Dr. .). 11. Mr
Ai;i j,,tn 1 W..J. YnU, Editor Cnarlolte Democrat.
J.i :d, ts:o. lv
I SMITH & IIAMLIOND
Have i;i Si .re a i'.dl Stov: f Drtivs, Medicines.
I cVe., v.ii--!i they are o.'i'tiiag at very low prices,
v. I.'.i' s ilc and r. tail.
i ( 'oiu.t ry Merchant and others visiling Charlott
1 will iio we.l to call and get tj iotatious.
I A . i . l .'O.
Dr. JOHIJ II. Mo ADEN,
i Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
1 ciiAULorn;. n. c,
i If :-o:i hand a J !tt-!!'--!-l stock of PUHK
Dol'S. Ci.; M ieais, Patent M.'.;id ii Family
M -licines. Paints, Oils, Varnisla-s, Dye Stalls,
I 'an an i Toil, i Ariiei- -;, wiiiea lie is d..i; nuiae-i
II -i-ll a! tae v-. ry low est prices.
J.i" i. ln.
Dc. E. C. ALEXANDER,
CiiAKLo i a-:, s. c,
)';'" !;; vices as PiiV:-:ci in to the ciii.cns of
- j i 1 1 . - ami s'.n ronnd'ev;' co inlry.
I -," Dr. A'r ;ad r m.iUe:-. a goo I ('ongli Mixture,
li t. r than any Patent Medicine. Try it.
Feb T. 1 0."
CI I A LOTTE, X. C.
Tnis w 1! known House having been newly fur-id-hed
and refined in every department, is now open
l.r iii accommodation of the
!' i ' V 1.' f I 1 ' 1 ! ' f T
I llil J.ljl. x k j ia.
1 '- " ( m i!i!i".-.ses at the Depot on arrival of Trains.
Jan ,!, ls;o. J I. C). Et'CLES.
Stoves, Tin & Sheeting Iron Ware.
Always on hand the best STOVES in the market.
S;ir's Ci.lorilic, Excelsior, Columbia and Live-
ak ( 'ool.i.i r Stoves.
' and Parlor Stoves,
. Tin and Shei.t-lron Ware,
1 billow W are, Japanese Ware, and various
Ail waies and work warranted as represented.
'"Orders respectfully solicit''!.
I . l. JS. isto. ' D. H. EYEELY.
JOHN T. BUTLER,
Watch and Clock Maker,
ami nr.Aia.u in
J EWELIiY, Fl.NH VvATCilKS C LOCKS,
Watch Materials. S.ectaeles, .-.
Augi:. is;r. CilABI.OTTF.. N. C.
Prcsei've Your Eyes.
Thes,- .enes, manuf.K'tured by the Philadelphia
'piical Institute, arc siicrior to any other Glasses
iitae ni.uket. They confer a brilliancy and dis
1 i ietness of ision not found in any otln r (5 hiss.
Tney can he used equally well wit!:out tiring or
fa! i niing the eve.
Z?r For sale onlv at JOHN T. BFTLEIi'S
b u. Irv Store. Main Street, sole agent in Charlotte,
... ( .. .ir.d vieinii v.
l'-h 21, ls;o.
D. SNYDER & SON,
Gun and Lock Smiths,
CHARLOTTE. X. C.
;,,"r.; ,Vl uuifacturers and Repairers of all kinds of
iiu.s, nstwis, Door Locks, Trunk Locks and
fL' . , f all sies
I Tiie lx u of Guns, Rifles, a..0., constantly for sale
j"r Pi-ocured to order at priee.-, I.ow down."
1 ' ik'W .joiihmg Mup to get vour Arms,
.iil.sor Srorriaj- Co.i.ls ;i- iwv,.' -.r- ot.l
v. W good :ls new.
I !"i in I '.irks' Building near the Public Srpare.
'i . v, , DAVID SNYDER,
I..: T-lV: 1S7- K- SNYDER.
I Shoes and Boots, Leather, &c.
Lv tuk Rational I'.ank Biildixo,
Has riTeiveJ :i rm- !.,.. . . .1 i-
r.ooTs, shoes. Leather,
j Shoe-Findinrjs, Belting-, &c.,
0 which he resp;ctfully a.ks tU. !nWnZn of
4 aui ictau D'lVCjS.
1 in' examination of his stock by country mer-
,. . , . ..." , ' -iiii nier-
I" S Solicit:4-'! as it will lm col 1 on t , ,
I - -. -- ..... . ... ... .... iaor;U)ie
I a- a- ci. 1 be ontamed ativwhere.
'A!! the .;,w st vie of Ladies' and GenMemans'
'."s and Boots will be found in GREAT YAKIE-
V U member tlw ,daee Store in Bank Building,
"tdoor to (Jr.miie Row.
1S70. ;;,n S. B. MEACIIAM.
i , ,r . iOR SALE.
L Nii rT, nrSa!-'-n'-v lm mi n Charlotte, situated
f ' 1 of W tlhvdii, entwining seven nnmis, line
V. ll ot AaUT,und ail under fence and in good
o;u!rv YTnt P,"mnt P-- Cabarrus
I I ciw 1 -nrai:1,! tjT-L- I:iu'h Charlotte.
J ihL ,H- lb' lm W. R. SEARS. '
The Kixg of Italy His Majesty, Kin; i
Victor Emanuel, ma4e hi solemn royal
entry into Home on Saturday, December 31.
We are informed that the King took his de
parture on Saturday, January 1, 1671, on
his return to Florence. As a practical as
sertion of his right to rule over universal
Italy the fact of the entry is no doubt quite
sufficient. The visit was an uncommonly
short one, however, scarcely extending a
twenty-four hours. We are not told wheth
er the King had an interview with the Pope,
how or where he was lodged, or whether he
retired to rest during his stay.
1 1 n i
The six per cent dividend recently declared
by the N. C. Railroad Company is payable, 3 per
cent on 1st of March and 3 per cent on 1st July,
Parti'-s indebted to the undersigned, by Note or
Book Account, will please pay up promptly, as
further indulgence cannot be given.
STENIIOUSE, MAC AULA Y & CO.
Jan 2, 1871 lm
WHOLESALE GROCERY BUYERS.
We are now receiving a large and well selected
Stoc k of
Heavy and Fancy Groceries,
Consisting in part of
50 Sacks Kio Cotfee all grades,
50 Barrels Sugar assorted,
25 " Fine Syrup,
50 " Common Molasses,
5 Tons Arrow Cotton Ties,
5,000 Yards Bagging, Dundee, Boneo aud Arrow,
50 Boxes assorted Soaps,
50 " Candles,
25 " Starch,
25 " Soda,
200 Sacks Salt,
20 1-2 Barrels Mackerel, No. 1, 2. 3,
15 1-1 " " " 1,2, 3,
50 Kitts " " 2, 3,
50 " " Family.
A large assortment of Cheese, Crackers, "Wood and
VViiiow Ware, Oysters, Pickles, and Sardines by the
ase. Bridles, Collars, llamas, Back Bands, Saddh
ii:,.gs, and many other articles too numerous to nien
;io.:, which we oiler tu the WHOLESALE ami
KETAiL TEADE at
Very low Prices.
A trial is all we ask to convince that we sell a
;ood article as low as any house in the City.
Wholesale Buyers, especially, are asked to ex
unine our Stock and Prices before purchasing Isc
wicre. It. M. MILLEK & SONS,
Oct 3. 18?0. ' College Street.
1ST. C. COLLEGE,
MT. PLEASANT, CAB A URL'S CO., N. C.
The second half-session of present scholastic term
b' giiis January 21, 1871.
Tuition, 2b - ks, - - $10 to 20
Boar!. " - to 45
Tiie sons of all orthodox Ministers will be charged
but half the usual rates of Tuition.
For f'Tther particulars apply for Catrdntme.
Address, Bkv. L. A. Iii KLE,
D-e22, 1H70 4w President
II. V. I-.CCIU.S, T..II. OAIT1IKIJ,
of Ired. 11 couiitv, N. C. of Mocksville, N. C.
ECCLES & GAITHER.
Auctioneers and Commission Merchants,
CHARLOTTE, X. C,
For the sale and purchase of Cotton, Tobacco, Grain,
Flour, Produce and Merchandize of all kinds.
Zl? ' They have removed their Store to the Brick
House below Springs' building, Trade Street.
1 1 k r K 1 : K N c 1 ; s T . W. Dewev A- Co., Bankers ; M.
P. Pe-ram, Cashier, First National Bank; W.J.
Yates, Editor "Western Democrat," Charlotte, N. C.
Stoves, Tin, Jappaned and
AT WHOLESALE AXD RETAIL,
Opposite Thos. B. Tate & Thos. W. Dewey's Bank
ing House, Try on Street,
Charlotte, N. C.
ROOFING, GUTTERING and REPAIRING
promptly attended to.
Feb 7," 1870. GEO. P. DAOUGIIERTY.
J. Y. BRYCE & CO.,
General Commission Merchants,
CHARLOTTE, X. C.
Particular attention paid to the selling of all kinds
ef Produce, Cotton and Tobacco.
ZH Highest cash price paid for Cotton.
S All orders from a distance promptly attended
b J. Y. BRYCE.
March 5, lSUO. W. II. BRYCE.
Watch Maker & Jeweler,
Being ousted by the late fire, I have moved across
the street to tiie Store between Messrs Wittkowskv
A- Pintle's and Dr. Scarr's Drug Store, where I ani
rcct ivirg a new stock of Watches, Clcx-ks, Jewelry,
Spectacles. Silver ware, &c, kc, which will be sold
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry carefully repaired
and waranted for twelve months. A. HALES.
Nov. 22, 1870.
DAVIDSON COLLEGE, N. C.
The Second Session of the present collegiate year
will begin January 5th, 1871.
Annual collegiate expenses from 150 to $200.
For Catalogues address
Rev. G. V McPIIAIL, D. D., LL.D.,
Jan 2, 1871 4w Davidson College, N. C.
W. MATTHEWS & SOX, Proprietors.
For a cordial reception, good fare, comforta
ble lodgings, and polite and attentive servants, stop
at the Charlotte Hotel.
Z3? To meet Planters, Miners, Tennessee, Ken
t u kv and Virginia Traders, stop at the Charlotte
3?" To buy or sell L?mds, sell Patents, to obtain
lalorers, to meet the traveling public, stop at the
r3f" To meet business men of all branches, to
5 rind your stay pleasant and agreeable, stop at the
1 Charlotte Hotel, (the old Jennings B. Kerr House,)
wiuea is now in good order, and kept for the people,
! '?. 1S70 lmpd
JUST ARRIVED FOIi CHRISTMAS,
1 Bbl. Ken tuck j Whiskey,
5 n. e. it mi,
" N. C). Molasses, genuine,
2 Baskt ts Champagne, ditferent brands,
2 Casks Genuine Muir Ale,
10 Bbl. Fine old Apple Brands, (N. C.,)
2 " - Water Stilled Swwt Mash Corn
For sale by GREGORY & WILLIAMSON.
FOK THE CHARLOTTE DEMOCRAT. '
A Word for the Doctors.
The old adage that "honesty 'is the best
policy," we presume no one Trill deny in
words. But we are sorry to say there are
many who deny it in deed. If any honest
man denies the truth of the assertion, ha
need only apply to his nearest Physician to
have it made an established fact. In plain
English, we mean to say that whoever pro-
cures the professional services of a Physician,
with the understanding that his services are
to be paid for, and fails to discharge the ob
ligation incurred, is just as dishonest as he
who picks the pocket of the unsuspecting
traveler. It cannot be doubted by any
thinking mind that the true Physician is the
most charitable character on earth. There
is not one in a thousand but will give as
much,time, skill and attention to 3. jcase of
worthy charity as he would to a princely
nabob who dwells in a palace.
Why is it that the medical man is so often
defrauded of his just fees '? notwithstand
ing the acknowledged charity of the profes
sion. Yet it is impossible for the Physician
to live comfortably, pay his Druggist and
support his family, merely on the pleasure
it affords him when relieving the sufferings
of his fellow creatures. The dictates of
common sense, not to say of conscience,
should teach the most stupid mortal that
those who are most prompt to pay are cer
tain, to receive very prompt attention. We
have frequently looked forward with con
siderable anxiety to the time when some of
our patrons would haul their cotton crop to
market, fondly hoping that our empty purses
would be made to stand out with the reward
of our labors ; but our cherished hopes are
as often doomed to disappointment. We
wait patiently for days and weeks, flunking
sureLv thev have not forgotten us, when we
visited them through sunshine and storm,
over froen roads or swimming, swolen
streams, to relieve the sufferings of wife, or
child, or purchance to smooth the passage
to the grave of some venerable sire of three
score years and ten. lut the "tale is soon
told," when we hiett- them at some public
gathering, "Doctor, I got so little for my
cotton that it took every cent to pay my
store bill." They are fully aware that un
less the store bill is paid their credit must
'1 here are many good people in our coun
try who be'ieve the Devil told the truth
when he said, "all that a man hath will he
give for his life." But when we carefully
scrutinize the remark of his satanic majesty,
we find the leading trait of his character
still vcrilied. If he had spoken truthfully
he would have said, "all that a man hath
will he promise for his life," but will never
As soon as health takes the place of dis
ease, and the iew'txaws of fashion or the base
pleasures of appetite are displayed before
him, the Doctor is forgotten, and the fee
which should have been paid to him is pro
bably spent for that which will not relieve
pain, but perhaps for that which will induce
disease, it may be, of both soul and body.
There are some people who think it a "cute
trick-" to cheat the Doctor out of his fee, but
they wiil find it not so pleasant, when at the
end of their Jordan they try to cheat the
Devil. He will certainly collect his.
January 0, 1871. Bkst Policy.
Come to the Corner Hardware Store, where yon
will lind Nails, Plow Moulds, Axes, Hoes, Trace
Chains, Wagon Chains, and everything kept in a
tirst class Hardware Store.
Mansion House Corner, Charlotte, N. C.
Blacksmiths and Carpenters Tools.
I have in store a line assortment of Blacksmiths
and Carpenters Tools. Call and examine.
Mansion House Corner, Charlotte, N. C.
Guns, Pistols, &c.
The largest stock of Guns, Pistols, Pocket and
Table Knives in the State, to be found at the Hard
ware Store of WALTER BREM,
Mansion House Corner, Charlotte, N. C.
Hubs, Rims and Spokes.
I have in store a large stock of Hubs, Rims and
Spokes. Call and examine.
Mansion House Corner, Charlotte, N. C.
Jan 2. 1871.
N0&TH CAROLINA RAILROAD COMPANY,
Compan y Suops, December 10, 1870.
The Board of Directors of the North Carolina
Railroad Company have this clay declared an annual
dividend of six per cent, on the capital stock of said
Company, for the fiscal year ending May 31st, 1871.
Three percent payable on first day of March, 1871 ;
three per cent payable on first day of July, 1871.
The transfer Books will be closed from first clay
of February to first day of March, lf?71, on first pay
ment, and from first day of June to first day of July,
1871, on second payment.
CHARLES M. CRUMP,
Jan 2, 1371 lm Secretary pro tem.
Thankful for the very liberal patronage bestowed
upon us during the past year, we would most re
spectfully call the attention of our numerous cus
tomers, and the public generally, to the large addi
tion of good Groceries we are daily receiving, con
sisting in part of all grades of Sugar, Coffee, Cheese
and Mackerel ; all grades of Syrups and Molasses :
i genuine New Orleans Molasses ; a large quantity of
Salt, Bagging and Ties,
And everything else hi the line of Heavy Groceries.
Our stock of Liquors are complete. Pure N. C.
Whiskus and Brandies, Rye Whiskey, Rum, Gin
and Wines of all kinds.
Also, constantly on hand, all the grades of D. R.
I Leak's celebrated brands of Tobacco at wholesale at
i manufacturers prices.
I We ask an examination of our prices and goods.
satL-fied that we are able to please the mot fastidious.
past year, we would gently remind them that their
own time is out two months, and unless thev come
z 'SY 1U lliortc: llliirLUt.u I 11 WI PUI 'lit..? AV lU.
i in and settle at once they will Ik? waited upon by
! an officer with instructions. Business is business.
I GRIER & ALEXANDER.
Jan 2. 1871.
Statistics of railway casualties in the dif
ferent States for the year ending October
31, 1870, show that more than six hundred
and fifty riassengers were killed or wounded
on our railroads during that period, exclu
sive of those run over and of employees in
the discharge of their duty. Kansas shows
the greatest number of killed, New York
comes next, California is third, Mississippi
fourth, Virginia fifth. The list is as follows :
Ohio, " 9 17
New Jersey, 10 46
New York, 21 63
California, 20 23
Iowa, 12 40
Tennessee, 1 18
Pennsylvania, 9 30
Indiana, 6 18
Vermont, 5 20
Massachusetts, 3 12
Mississippi, 21 15
New Hampshire, 1 28
Illinois, 5 26
Utah, 0 8
Louisiana, 0 10
Missouri, 1 0
South Carolina, 1 6
Kansas, 27 43
Maine, 1 9
Virginia, 15 40
Total, 168 484
Total killed and injured, 652
The comparative security enjoyed by rail
road travellers in Europe, says the Richmond
Whig, and especially in Great Britain, is at
tributed to the strict accountability to which
the railroad companies are held by the
Verdicts to the amount of thirty or forty
thousand dollars for personal injuries have
been recovered, and we read of one instance
in which a jury rendered a verdict of over
fifty thousand dollars. These heavy judg
ments do not wholly prevent fatal accidents,
but they very much reduce the dangers of
travel by rail by compelling the companies
for their own protection to adopt every pre
caution calculated to insure safety to the
travelling public. In the British Board of
1 rade returns it is stated that the railroads
of Great Britain and Ireland paid in dama
ges for accidents occurring in 1868, the sum
of 2,106,855, of which 1,407,940 were for
injuries to person, and $305,915 for dama
ges to goods. The awards for 1869 and
i870 are, as yet, only estimated, since a
number of large suits are still pending, but
the totals of both years will probably exceed
that of 186.
Skirts. The New York Bulletin furnish
es, every day, interesting statistics of trade.
The making and sale of skirts in New York,
is a heavy trade. Eighty-one firms employ
eight thousand hands, mostly women, to
make skirts. Hoop skirts are rather quiet
now. Balmorals lead the trade. A new
style of balmoral has been invented, where
by the goods are embossed by means of hot
irons, and gilded.
Fairmount Park, of Philadelphia, is said
to be the largest park in this country, being
much more than, three times the size of the
Central Park, New York. It is also much
larger than the Bois de Bologne, at Pais,
and is one of the very largest public parks
in the world.
ZzSj?"' Grant, Sherman, and Sheridan were
only the hands of Staunton. "I have no
General," said the great War Secretary,
"but I have men, and I will crowd them in
until this thing shall be smothered." And
so he did. The march to Richmond was
made a highway of bones, and this famous
General lost in killed, wounded and missing
more than Lee had under him.
A person who undertakes to raise himself
by scandilizing others might as well sit
down 011 a wheel barrow and try to wheel
m 1 1 m
Handle rough sided men carefully. It
pays to take a little time when you are
opening chestnut burs.
CHARLOTTE FEMALE INSTITUTE,
CHARLOTTE, X. C.
Rev. R. BURWELL, Princip.lr.
JOHN B. BURWELL, ) 1 bincipals.
The current session commenced 1st October, 1870,
and continues to 30th of June, 1871.
Pupils received at any time and charged from date
For Catalogue containing full particulars as to
course of study, Terms, &c, address
Rev. It. BURWELL & SON,
Jan 9, 1871. Charlotte, N. C.
Lincolnton Female Seminary.
The next scholastic year will commence on Mon
day, January 9th, 1871.
Board and Tuition per quarter, - - $-50 00
Music, - - - - - - 12 50
Latin and French, each, - - - - 5 00
For particulars, apply to .
T. W. BREVARD, Principal.
Lincolnton, N. C, Jan. 2, 1871 $5pd
The business of W. J. Black will hereafter be con
ducted by W. J. BLACK & CO., at his old stand
on College Street
tW All persons indebted to W. J. BLACK will
please make payment before the 1st of February
failing to do so" they will find their Notes and Ac
counts in the hands of an officer for collection.
W. J. BLACK.
Charlotte, N. C, Jan 2, 1871.
State of North Carolina, Cabarrus County.
Daniel Baugle, Plaintiff, r. Helm Mining Co., Deft
Attachmknt. Two Hundred and Three Dollars f
and Seventy-five cents, due by account for work j
and lalnjr clone and money advanced. j
The above named Defendant will take notice that j
.1 1.- - j Til - r .1-1 - f . t . . . . r
me auovt uameu x laiuuu iih-h ucu oui a mimu. ui
Attachment against the proix rty of the Df'-ndant,
returnable before the Clerk of tiie Superior Court of
Cabarrus counly, at hu office, on the 28tk day of
January, 1871, "when and where the Defendant is
required to appear and answer the comphiiat. ic.
DANIEL BAUGLE, Piaiathf.
Jan 2. 1S71 4wpd
The Gulf Stream.
Recent Investigation and Xew Theories.
- The study of the phenomena ot the gulf
stream has lately been .undertaken with
great earnestness by two competent ob
servers Dr. Petermann, the German geo
grapher, and Mr. James Croll, a Scotish
geologist. Dr. Petermann claims to have
been the first to show that the Gulf stream
is a deep, slow moving, and permanent
warm current from Newfoundland, not on
ly to the coast of France and the parallel of
45 deg. of north lat. to which limits most
of the former dydrographers had confined
it but to the British Isles, Scandinavia,
Iceland, towards Greenland, Bear Island,
J an Mayen, and the west coast of Spitzber
gen to Novia Zemlia and the Polar Basin,
passing the northmost capes of Siberia as the
"Polyuia" of Wrangell, its influence being
felt even as far as Cape Jukon, near Beh
ring Strait. This view he still maintains,
supporting it by the vast number of obser
vations which he has collected; but his
opinions are challenged by several distin
Mr. Croll now comes forward with some
new suggestions, founded upon some recent
observations. In a series of papers on
'Ocean Currents," published in the Philos
ophical Journal, he answers two questions,
viz: "What end and purpose does the Gulf
Stream serve?" and "What influence has it
upon the condition of the globe?" He shows,
by a chain of evidence which is apparently
trustworthy, that the current of the Globe
Stream carries as much heat from the trop
ics as is received by the globe within sixty
three miles on each side of the equator, an
amount which probably equals the entire
quantity of heat received by the whole Arc
tie regions from the rays of the sun. Mr.
Croll estimates that the stoppage of the
Gulf Stream would deprive the Atlantic
ocean of a quantity of warmth equal to one
fourth of all the heat received from the sun
by that area; that rf the current ceased to
flow, and each place was dependent upon
the direct rays of the sun alone for its heat,
the equator would be 55 degrees warmer
than at present, the poles 83 degrees colder.
The mean temperature of the latitude of
London would be only 10 degrees. Lon
don, therefore, its present aciual mean tem
perature being 50 degree, it is benefited to
the extent of 40 degrees of heat by the Gulf
Mr. Keith Johnston, Jr., in summing up
the results of Mr. C roll's investigations,
Basing upon Mr. Croll's estimate of the
temperature (ten degrees) of the latitude of
London if deprived of the warmth of the
Gulf Stream, this seeming paradox must be
true that an ice-bearim; current may raise
the temperature of a reigon. Labrador has
really a warm friend in the icy current
which clings to its shores, for though the
mean annual temperature of that country is
but thirty-two degrees, still, according to
Croll' s showing, this would be reduced by
no less than twenty-two degrees were the
polar stream to fail. Though considerable
uncertainty necessarily exists regarding the
data used, yet the general results arrived
at of the enormous influence of ocean cur
rents on the climate conditions of the globe
in distributing the heat received from the
sun cannot be materially affected, and al
most warrant the conclusion come to by Mr.
Croll that Avithout ocean currents the
earth would not be habitable.
These discoveries appear to Mr. Croll to
throw a new light on the mystery of geo
logical climate. Were the warm currents
from the equator Northward to be turned
off, the Northern hemisphere would speedily
pass into a state of general glaciation.
Such a deflection of the current, it is believ
ed, might take place by a change in the ec
centricity of the earth's orbit. A high con
dition of eccentricity would tend to produce
an accumulation of snow and ice in the hem
isphere, whose winters occur in aphelion,
while axactly the oppsite effect would . take
place in the other hemisphere, which has its
winters in perihelion. Then, since the trade
owe their existence mainly to the difference
of temparature which exists between the
polar and equatorial reigons, it follows that
the trade winds of this colder hemisphere
would greatly exceed those of the warmer
in strength, and would impel the warmer
waters of the tropics entirely over into the
opposite hemisphere, in the same manner as
the southeast trade winds of the present
state of the globe, from the Southern (cold
er) hemisphere, now overcome the north
eastern; and aid in transferring a larger
share of the equatorial waters to the wann
currents of the Northern hemisphere. A
similar condition of things to that which
prevailed during the glacial epoch would
then exist in the one-half of the earth, while
a climate equal to that which geologists
know to have prevailed in this hemisphere
during a part of the Miocene jeriod, when
North Greenland enjoyod a climate as mild
as that of England at the present day,
would reign in the opposite hemisphere.
GREGORY & WILLIAMSON.
NEW STOCK OF GROCERIES,
Bryce's Building, Charlotte, N. C.
The attention of strictly CASH buyers L called to
onr large slock of Groceries and Provisions, micu as
Sugar, Coffee, Molasses tnd Teas,
Salt, leather, Fish of all sorts.
Cotton Ties, Rope and bagging,
Pure Liquors and Wines for Medicinal purposes.
And every thing usually kept in a whoLale ami
retail Grocery establishment
ti?" We offer special inducement to those who
buv for Cash.
Jan. 2, 1371. Bryce's B lilding. Trade Street.
WiL, Char. & Ruth. R. R. Co.
Through Tickets to Wilmington are for sale at
the stage office in this City at 0 each, by Wil.,
Char. fc Ruth. Railroad, and stage via Monroe and
F. L. FREMONT, Eng. and Sap't
Dee 22. 1870 lm
Raise More Stock in the South.
BY A SOUTHERNER.
One of the great defects of the farming
practice of the South is want of attention
to stock of all kinds. On many places well
adapted to the raising of cattle, sheep, hogs
and horses, the farm work is done by mules,
obtained from abroad; the laborers are fed
on pork produced in the West, the butter
used by the family comes from the grocer,
the cattle and sheep are poor, ill-fed nd
neglected, and the hogs few and unthrifty
in comparison with what they should be.
Our farmers should understand that the
great reliance for the improvement of the
soil is upon the stock of the farm. Without
stock a sufficient supply of domestic manures
cannot be made, and the vine will inevitably
decline in fertility until its cultivation ceases
to be profitable. Moreover, the farmer who
tries it will find that it is more profitable to
turn his surplus grain and roots into beef,
pork, mutton, butter, and a copious supply
of valuable home-made manure than to send
it off to market at a heavy expense for
transportation. These remarks are more
especially applicable to our uplands of mod
erate fertility. On rich alluvial lands and
swamps grain is made in sufficient quanti
ties to justify its sale. And in the interior
wheat on improved lots is generally a good
farming crop. Our farmers generally ac
cept the principle that it is not profitable to
raise corn for market on their uplands, but
they do not inquire sufficiently into the
question whether on such lands grain may
not be profitably raised for stock.
In Europe they keep large herds and
flocks, by means of their fine meadows and
pastures, and by raising large quantities of
roots, for winter feeding. By this means,
they not only have the finest meat, but
milk, butter, cheese and wool; and raise
manure enough to keep their lands up to
the highest point of productiveness. We
might adopt their system here, with some
modification, with great advantage. There
are no better natural pastures iu the union
than may be found in tne mountain districts
of the South, as well as those below tide
water, in the Eastern parts. As our Win
ters are short, it will require comparatively
a small area to be planted in roots, and clo
ver, and other grasses, to support a large
The manure raised, instead of being ap
plied to the grain crops, as in the old coun
tries and in the Northern States, where the
system has been adopted to some extent,
should here be applied to cotton. I know
from my own experience, that even under
the old system, where the stock are allowed
to run in the woods, during summer, and
are sparingly fed during winter, with the
oflal of the grain crops, sufficient manure
can be raised per head to make a 400 lb.
bale of cotton. If they were provided with
good summer pastures, aud with plenty of
hay, and turnips, during the winter, the
quantity of manure would be incalculably
increased and its quality much enhanced.
The more root crops, there would be the
more stock ; the more stock, the more
manure ; the more manure, the more cotton.
Under this system we might make as much
cotton as we do on one-third of the land,
save the money paid for fertilizers, and sup
ply ourselves with an abundance of fat beef
and mutton, milk and butter, articles that
are extremely rare, even on the tables of our
wealthiest farmers the more shame to
them that it is so.
But the only way our farmers can be in
duced to keep a large stock of cattle, is to
convince them they can make more cotton
thereby, and at less cost. No system will
be adopted by them that does not revolve
around his pivot.
There is now an awakening among the
agriculturists of the South to the necessity
of improv ing the breeds of their domestic
animals. Almost any person of projey
qualifications who will undertake the busi
ness of raising animals of improved breeds,
will find it a profitable business. Such
animals are being constantly brought south
ward at great expense and with some risk,
on account of change of climate, food, Sec.
A trader at the South possesses many and
obvious advantages, which may be summed
up in one sentence. He has the market at
The raising of fine horses is & business
which may be profitably followed in some
portions. American Stock Journal.
A number of persons were poisoned in
Barton county, Miss., recently, by eating
buckwheat cakes made from flour the wheat
of which had been ground up with night
shade. A lady in Lrtah glues her husband's eye
lids together when he gets drank, and when
he promises better things she soaks them iu
warm water and restores his vision.
"I find, Dick, that you are in the habit of
taking my jokes and passing them off as
your own. Do von call that gentlemanly
conduct V "To be sure I do, Tom. A true
gentleman will always take a joke from a
There is a fanner in Yorkshire who has a
mile of children. His name is Furlong, and
he has four girls and four boys eight fur
longs make a mile.
j Many jK-rsons suffer extremely from fel
ons on the ntiger. inese annexions are ut
only very painful, but not unirequeniiy oc
casion permanent crippling of the memlers
affected. The following simple prescription
is recommended as a cure for this distress
ing ailment : Take common rock salt, such
asls used for salting down pork or leef, and
mir uritli fci .i rit a fkf t II ITnt i IIP ill ftOtial DartSt
put it on a rag and wrap around the affected
part, and as it gets dry, put on more, anu
m twenty-four hours you are cured. The
felon will be dead. It will do no harm to