Newspaper Page Text
The Democrat. a
CHARLOTTE, H. C.
SEPTEMBER 30, 188 1.
New York Correspondence of the Democrat.
Nbw Yobk, Sept. 26, 1881.
Editor Democrat : Daring the past few
days this city has presented the most ex
traordinary spectacle that my eyes ever be
held, such as hardly any man may expect
to see twice in the course of even the long
est life. There is an almost universal
decoration of stores, dwellings, churches,
public buildings, animate and inanimate
things, with the deepest badges of the
mourning which the world feels on account
of the melancholy end of the country's
chief. The employment of mourning in
signia is not confined to any class or quarter
of the city. It is everywhere, and among
all people, from the palace to the hovel,
from the millionaire to the day laborer, and
it has included all sorts of materials, from
the simplest black and white muslins to
merinos, cashmeres, crapes, silks, satins and
velvets. One store, Ulaflin's, has used
twenty thousand yards of material, and
another, Tiffany's, expended $500 upon the
mourning decorations of its exterior. The
City Hall and adjoining public buildings
have required nearly 50,000 yards, and an
appropriation of $5,000 will not near cover
the cost. Some are simple black cloths,
others a mingling of black and white, in
tertwined in every variety of style. . Many
extend from the roofs of six and eight story
houses to the pavement ; and I trembled
for a man whom I saw sitting on the very
edge of one of these high edifices, with his
feet dangling in the air, leaning over to ar
range the folds of the blecded black and
white which he was lowering, to cover the
front of the building. If 1 had been in his
place I should have felt an unconquerable
inclination to jump off. I suppose it is all
habit, this cool-headedness in elevated
Broadway is more decorated than any
other street, and a walk through that great
thoroughfare was full of interest. It would
have seemed fantastical, if any thought but
one of solemnity could be admitted. It has
attracted crowds, male and female so that
it has been difficult in an afternoon to work
one's way through. It is indeed "a griev
ous mourning," as the Cananites said of the
Israelites who buried Jacob.
Amidst all these impressive testimonies
of sorrow, the subscriptions to the fund for
Mrs. Garfield and family have gone on with
a bound, having reached three hundred and
six thousand dollars up to Saturday night.
In the World's notice of the International
Review for October I find the following :
"Mr. Walter H. Page has an interesting paper
on the "Southern Educational Problem," in which
he includes not only the problem of universal pub
lic education but of higher education. The great
est stumbling-block in the way of the former he
finds to be that the ignorance of the South is a
contented ignorance, "Statistics show the number
of persons who cannot read and write ; but sta
tistics cannot show the number who do not want
to read and -write. The bulk of the ignorance is
not so bad as the density of it." He discusses also
the "university training5' of the South, and exposes
the futility of Its pretensions to make scholars,
while doing full justice to the work it has done in
developing admirable traits of character."
Mr. Page is, I believe, a North Caro
linian, and has some reputation as a young
man of learning. The identity of some of
hisviews as here quoted, with those upon
which I commented last week, (presented
In a long anonymous article in the World
on the University of North Carolina,) leads
inevitably to the conclusion that he is the
author oi Dotn. They do him no credit.
"It is an ill bird that befouls its own nest,"
and Mr. Page might well have left it to
some outsider to affirm, falsely, that the
ignorance of the South is a contented ig
norancea statement flatly contradicted
by the efforts everywhere making by the
Southern States, poor as they have been
and are, to extend their common schools
throughout all their borders, so that every
one, black and white, may learn to read
and write. Should Mr. Page himself write
a book, as we suppose he will, since he ap
pears to regard that as a test of greatness,
it is to be hoped that he will avoid such
unjust allusions to his own people, who
have slanderers and sneerers enough in the
section where the World and the Review
circulate, without aid from him. He is
a young man : Let him "tarry at Jericho
till his beard be grown."
Since the above was written, I have seen
In the last Nation a review of the letters of
a correspondent of the N. Y. Tribune, sent
by that paper through all the Southern
States, who, Northern man and Radical as
he is, comes to conclusions more creditable
to the South than those of Mr. Page. The
Nation says t
"On the whele, hopefulness predominates In his
generiii view. He finds the great need of the South,
at it it the great need indeed of the North atio, to be
education, intellectual and moral The South, ac
cording to his report, feels this need widely t and in
many regions is making creditable effort to supply
it It is eager that the National Government
Should assume the duty of assisting in the work."
So much for Mr. Page's enlightenment.
On another point the Nation's views are
worth quoting :
"The suppression of the negro vote is nothing
more than was natural, nay inevitable, as we have
often shown, under the conditions of the recon
structed States. It is a proof not so much of the
pertersity of the Southern whites as of their per
plexity. They were in a desperate dilemma, and
they chose that horn of it which seemed to offer
the best chance of protecting the immediate mate
rial interests of society. New England itself, un
der similar circumstances, could not be trusted to
choose differently. Improvement in education,
improvement in material conditions, the gradual
increase of confidence in established order, the
slow diffusion of property among the negroes, and
the consequent quickening of their intelligence.
Will ultimately make the ballot-box as open and as
honest in Mississinni as it fa in Wow Vm-v Th
shot-gun and the tissue-ballot are already dropping
rti.t ...... tt
VUt VI use
I am glad to see that several among the
most influential naDers in North CnmUna
are advocating the establishment of a Chair
t . rr . .. -
oi jingusn at ine u mversity, ana the selec
tion of Prof. : Henry E. Shepherd as its
head. If the means at command of the In
stitution will iustifv it, of wWTi T
informed, I think there could not be a wiser
investment, nor any better selection than
that suggested for filling the chair. Prof.
Shepherd, since he was released from
Johnson's Island at the close of the war,
has devoted himself wholly to study and
the cause ,rf , learning,", and especially1 to
that brandh of learoiog-Hhe English lan
guage.. He w'trald ieven bear the test sug
gested by Mr. Page, having "written
book to prove his i power" a book "which
has received high - praise from the first
philologists in this country and Europe a
"History of the English Language." He is
a native of the State, whose erudition and
high personal merit have received emphatie
endorsement out of the State, in spite of his
great modesty. :
Allow me to express the regret which I
strongly feel at your proposed retirement
from the Editorial chair. Honesty and in
dependent men do not abound in every
business, but they are especially needed in
yours. May your successor, whom I have
not the pleasure iof knowing, worthily fill
the place which you vacate.
I have received a catalogue of Albemarle Male
and Female Academy, Albemarle, Stanly county,
and am surprised to find so many as 108 students,
under the tuition of five Instructors. . Having an
affection for Stanly county, on account of its old
time Whig politics and its patronage of the Fay
etteville Observer, I am rejoiced to see that it has
so flourishing an institution of learning. A. W.
Spinks is Principal.
I am grieved to see that my old friend Jesse
Harper Lindsay has departed this life, suddenly
indeed but I am sure not unprepared. He was a
good man, and a useful citizen. In one of ; my
visits to Greensboro I found that his good advice
and kind offices were more sought for and more
highly valued than those of any other citizen in a
community that contained Moreheads, and Gilmers,
and Gorrells, and Sloans, and Swaims, and Dicks,
and other prominent men.
There are 23,163 tenement houses in this city.
Dreadful 1 Supposing an average of only 10 per
sons, men, women and children, to every house, it
would make 231,630, or one-fifth of the entire pop
ulation that inhabit these moral and physical pest
There is a romance connected with the South of
some interest. When Mason and Slidell were cap
tured by Com. Wilkes, Mr. Slidell's daughter was
along, and resented an impertinence by one of
Wilkes' officers by a slap in the face. Being re
leased with an ample apology, they proceeded to
Europe, where Miss Slidell, young, beautiful and
accomplished, became a belle and had many offers
of marriage. She married Baron Erlanger, one of
the richest bankers in the world, and has used her
influence with him to get up the "Erlanger syndi
cate," with a cash capital of twenty-five millions
of dollars, all to be used in building up her beloved
South. This has formed part of the hundred
millions of recent investments in the South, of
which we have heard so much, and I suspect that
it was the pioneer in such enterprises.
As I close my letter, the tolling of the bells an
nounce the approach of the hour fixed for the sad
dest funeral that ever took place in this country, if
not in the world one in which more hearts are
stirred. I go to unite in the religious services.
f Correspondence of the Charlotte Democrat.
The Census Report on Sheep.
Washington, D. C, Sept. 25, 1881.
Editor Democrat : A few weeks ago I
read a short article in the Democrat, giv
ing an account of the capture of a "Sheep
I have just closed an investigation of the
reports from Virginia of the number of
Sheep "Killed by Dogs," "Died of Disease,"
and "Died from stress of "Weather."
In the report there is no mention of the
number of lambs killed by buzzards and
eagles; there is very little doubt, how
ever, but large numbers are destroyed in
this way. In fact, I think it safe to say
that the birds mentioned, and dogs, are
the direct cause of the loss of one-third of
the whole number of sheep that die other
than for market.
The whole number of sheep on hand in
Virginia the first of June, 1879, was 821,
310. The number killed by dogs 22,192, or
percent; cnea oi aisease 32,987, or 4
per cent; died from stress of weather 7,800,
or I of one per cent ; making a total loss of
62,978 or 7 per cent.
The greatest loss by dogs was in the
counties of Buchanan, Lee, Scott and Wise.
all adjoining, and forming the extreme
Southwestern point of the State. The
number killed was 2,859.
I should judge that they have some
pretty lively dogs in those four counties.
Of course, no significance can attach to the
names of the oounties.
The largest death rate from disease was
in the counties of Albemarle, Culpepper,
rauquier ana louden 5,039 being the
number. These counties lie immediately
on the East side of the Blue Ridge. The
greatest loss by stress of weather was in
Albemarle, Culpepper, Fauquier, Louden,
Frederick and Shenandoah.
These combined losses, 62,978, are en
tirely too heavy to make Sheep Husbandry
i - mi . i . . -r
pruuiauie. iuen me question arises, Is
there no remedy? It would seem that
some one should be a"ble to make a sug
gestion. The loss by stress of weather suggests a
want of proper shelter and attention during
the winter and early spring. The remedy
is within the reach of the farmer, and will
more than repay for the trouble and ex
pense of good shelters and attention, by the
manure that will be saved, which, by the
way, is of the best quality.
The loss by disease is not definite enough,
as it does not specify any particular dis
ease ; the loss being heaviest in counties
bordering on the Eastern slope of the
mountains, may be local and not general.
Still there is no doubt but a large per
centage of the loss is occasioned by clip
ping the wool too early or before the warm
weather is fully set in. The deaths caused
by too early clipping is of sufficient mag
nitude to cause a halt in the abominable
This brings me to the veritable sheep
killing dog, whose warmest friend seems
now to be, his owner and the politicians
The former will not consent for his dog to
be killed if even suspected of sheep killing,
and sometimes will not, if caught in the
act ; and the latter will not pass a law to
protect the sheep from these pests, for the
reason given by the Indiana politician,
who said : "Every man has one dog, every
poor man has two, and every d d poor
man has four ;" and as that is where the
votes come from, politicians fear the dog.
Then what is the remedy? Tax the
people per capita fifty cents each,' to raise
a fund to pay for sheep killed by dogs, and
make a provision that said tax may be paid
with an ordinary size dog-skin untanned.
If that does not clean them out, let every
sheep raiser resolve himself into a commit
tee of one to kill every cur found upon his
premises. That will soon abate the devas
tation by worthless dogs. B.
(Bhavloile xttocxaL (SLhavlalU.
J .i- im iIM i , M iiiidfc.il ii .1 I - -- - At. -fc
trTne last hour of President rMdrf
f At about 10 P. M. on the 19tn,nri Bl$l,
seeing that the end Was inevitable, bordered
that the -other physicians and membera Iof
the household be sent for and'iir a few
minutes they had all arrived, except Dr.
Hamilton, who could not be found.
The dying man did not appear to. recog
nize any . of them. untilfMrs. Garfield apj
proached4 The& -Msl partly closed.' eyes
were seen to fasten upon her, moving as
she moved, until- she-stopped on the left
side of the bed, and, bending over, placed
one hand upon his forehead and the other
upon his breast. Col. Rockwell stood , be
hind the head of the bed. Gen. Swaim,
the dying President's most intimate friend,
was near him on one side of the stricken
wife, and CoL Rockwell on the other.- On
the opposite side of the bed were Drs.
Boy nton, Agne w and Bliss. Private Secre
tary Brown stopped at the foot, and the
three servants remained near the end of
the room. Mrs. Rockwell, her daughter,
and Miss Mollie Garfield sat in the hall
looking tearfully upon the scene through
the open door. Dr. Boynton fanned the
President, and occasionally put his ear
against his breast. Dr. Agnew every now
and then felt of his pulse. Not a word
was spoken. The dying man lay as still as
death, but for a convulsive tremor in his
hands and limbs, and a deep drawn gasp at
intervals, which became more and more
widely separated. His face was free from
any expression of pain, but he grew more
ghastly every moment. This lasted 20 min
utes, when, with a final gasp, the President
stiffened out and all was over.
Mrs. Garfield almost instantly left the
room, remaining away about three minutes.
"When she returned she was apparently
more composed. She sat down in a chair
near the head of the bed and shook convul
sively, the tears streaming down her face,
but she uttered no sound. Miss Mollie fol
lowed her in, and, throwing herself upon her
dead father's shoulder, cried as though her
heart would break. Her mother's example
had a quieting effect upon her, after a while,
and her grief manifested itself thereafter
in subdued sobs. Mrs. Garfield remained
without ever moving until nearly 2 o'clock,
when, in compliance with Dr. Boy n ton's
admonition, she retired to her room, but
not to sleep. Dr. Bliss, whose chamber ad
joined hers, heard her pacing the floor all
night. In the morning the proposed arrange
ments for the funeral were submitted to
her. She was at first violently opposed to
the idea of an autopsy, but on being in
formed that the law required it and that it
was necessary to justify the doctors and
complete the medical record of the case,
gave a reluctant consent. She would also
have preferred to take the body directly to
Ohio, but was easily persuaded to recog
nize the claims of the Nation and to agree
to the public funeral in Washington.
The Closing Scene at ' Cleveland, Ohio.
Funeral Services of the late President.
Cleveland, Sept. 26. Early in the
morning the sky was cloudy, but by 8
o'clock the heavens were clear and the
weather extremely warm. The city is
much overcrowded, all the hotels being
overrun with guests, and, notwithstanding
the hospitalities which have been extended
by residents, many have great difficulty in
finding meals and lodgings. Arrange
ments have been made all along Euclid
avenue to supply the thirsting multitudes
in the procession as they pass. Firemen
have been stationed at the different fire
plugs and will draw water constantly
therefrom for distribution along the line of
march. Many citizens along Euclid avenne
also made arrangements to distribute
lemonade to those in the procession. The
scenes throughout the entire oity during
the morning, notwithstanding the unavoid
able bustle and confusion, were very im
pressive. The immense multitudes through
out the streets are orderly and apparently
deeply impressed with the solemnity of the
occasion. , .
Promptly at 10 o'clock, the ceremonies
at. the pavilion began in the presence of
thousands of distinguished guests. An
immense multitude blocked all the adjacent
streets for squares around. There was one
continuous wall on either side. The funeral
train passed nearly the whole way along
The immediate members of the dead
President's family and near relatives and
friends took seats about the casket.
Dr. J. P. Robinson, president of the
ceremonies, announced that the exercises
would open with the singing by the Cleve
land vocal society of the "funeral hymn"
Portions of the Scriptnre from the burial
services of the Episcopal Church, were
then read by Bishop Bedell, of the Episco
pal diocese of Ohio. Rev. Ross C. Houghton,
pastor of the First M. E. church, then
offered prayer. The vocal society then
sang as follows :
To thee, O Lord, I yield my spirit,
Who breaks, in love, this mortal chain,
My life, I but from thee inherit,
And death becomes my chiefest gain :
In thee I live, -In
thee I die,
Content for Thou art ever nigh.
Rev. Isaac Errett, of Cincinnati, of the
"Disciples" or "Christian" church, then de
livered an eloquent address, taking for his
text the following :
"And the Archers shot King Josiah, and the
King said to his servants 'have me away for I am
sore won uded.' "
The minister said there was never mourn
ing in all the world like unto this mourn
ing. He was not speaking extravagantly
when he said that as the result of calcula
tions carefully made from such data as are
in possession that certainly -not less than three
hundred millions of the human race share in the
sadness and lamentations and sorrow and mourn
ing that belong to this occasion here to-day. It is
a chill shadow, a fearful calamity that has extend
ed itself into every home in all this land and into
every heart and that has projected itself over vast
seas and oceans into distant lands and awakened
the sincerest and profoundest sympathy with us in
the hearts of the good people of the nations. It
was worth while to pause a moment and to ask
why this is. It was doubtless attributable in part
to wondrous trmmpnsor science and art within
the present century, by means of which time ' and
space have been so far conquered that nations once
far distant and necessarily alienated from each
other, are brought into close communication, and
the various ties of commerce and of social inter
ests and of religious interests bring them into con
tact of fellowship that could not have been known
in former times. It was likewise unquestionably
due to the fact that this nation of ours has grown
(o iuch OBdrouimigfl perjar UefcftS
whole ecrthJ rjid fehichis fc. fact tlie hODe Lf tL
wCfld in all t -at relates to highest -civilization; that
sydpathjl for this fcation and respect fbf this great
power leads "Acj these offers jbf condoles 6e d ex
prea3ionaoi eytnp&thy atcqgnei 'womjthe wiou
nations of the earth, and because they have learned
to respect and recognize that the nation is stricken
in the fatal blow that has taken away our Presi
dent from us, and yet this will by no means ac
count for this marvelous and world-wide sympathy
:f which we' are speaking. YT it cannot be
attributed to mere intellectual ere&tness 'for there
have been other and there are other great men.
and . fJaiming all that -th -caoat enthusiastic- heart
could claim for our beloved leader, it is but fair to
gay that there have been more eminent educators.
There .have been greater- soldiers. ' There have
been more skillful and experienced and powerful
legislators and leaders of mighty, parties and
political forces. There Is no one department in
which lie has an eminence where the world may
not point to others who attained higher and more
intellectual greatness. It might not, he said, be
answered more righteously here than in many
other cases, yet perhaps it is rare in the history of
nations that any one man has combined so much
of excellence in all those various departments and
who as educator and lawyer and legislator and
spldier and party chieftain and ruler has done so
well, so thoroughly welL in all departments and
brought out such successful results as to inspire
confidence -and command respect and approval in
every path of life in which he has walked, and in
every department of public activity which, he has
occupied. Yet, he thought, when we come to a
proper estimate of his character and seek after the
secret of this world-wide sympathy and affection,
we shall find it rather in the richness and integrity
of his moral nature, in that sincerity and in that
transparent honesty, in that truthfulness . that laid
the basis for everything of greatness to which we
do honor to-day. '
Dr. Errett was listened to with close and
earnest attention. He spoke for forty min
utes, and when he closed, a hush for a mo
ment hung over the vast audience.
lhe Kev. Jabez Hall then read Gen. Gar
field's favorite hymn, which was beauti
fully sung by the, Vocal Society. The
"lio, reapers at lire s harvest !
Why stand with rusted blade ?"
At 11:45 o'clock Dr. Charles S. Pomeroy
delivered the final prayer and benediction.
There were then a few moments of com
motion and of preparation. The Washing
ton marine band played "Nearer my God
to Thee." The funeral procession moved
from Monumeutal Park at 12:35. '
The six miles of Euclid avenue, through
which the procession passed were appropri
ately decorated in a manner becoming the
occasion. Designs were varied and hand
somely and tastefully arranged. Life size
pictures of the President hung in front of
many of the beantiful mansions along the
avenue draped with national colors en
twined with black crape relieved by fes
toons of white. In the lawns in front of a
large number of residences tasteful designs
have been erected. Broken shafts mounted
with smilax, of massive crosses, shields,
anchors, harps and crowns were seen on
every hand elaborately decorated with
evergreens and flowers suitable for mourn
At 3:30 o'clock the procession entered
the cemetery gate way, whioh was arched
over with black with appropriate inscrip
tions. On the keystone were the words
"Come to Kest." On one side were the
words, "Lay him to rest, whom we have
learned to love ;" on the other, "Lay him to
rest whom we have learned to trust." The
mourners' carriages and those containing
the guard of honor comprised all of the
procession that entered the grounds. The
cavalry halted at the vault and drew np in
line facing it with sabres presented. The
car drew up with the mourners' carriages
and those of the cabinet behind. As the
military escort lifted the coffin from the
car and carried it into the vault the local
committees of reception, Secretary Blaine,
Marshall Henry and one "or two personal,
friends, were standing at each side of the
entrance. None of the President's family,
except two of the boys, left their carriages
during the exeroises, which occupied less
than half an hour.
The exercises in the cemetery closed
with the benediction by President Hinsd all.
At the conclusion of the exercises at the
grave -the mourners - re-entered-their-rarH
riages, and drove .hurriedly (back to the
city, to avoid a shower which was threaten-
Where the Presidents were Born.
Gen. Chester A. Arthur is the twenty
first President of the United States.
George Washington was born in Virginia.
John Adams was born in Massachusetts.
Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and
James Monroe were all natives of Virginia.
John Quincy Adams was' born in Massa
chusetts. Andrew Jackson was born in
North Carolina. Martin Van Buren was
born in New York. William Henry Harri
son and John. Tyler were natives of Vir
ginia. James K.1 Polk was born in North
Carolina. Zachary Taylor was born in
Virginia. Millard Fillmore was a native
of New York. Franklin Pierce was born
in New Hampshire. James Buchanan was
born in Pennsylvania. Abraham Lincoln
was born in Kentucky. Andrew Johnson
was born in North Carolina. 'Ulysses S.
Grant was. born in Ohio. Rutherford B.
Hayes is a native of Ohio. James A. Gar
field was born in Ohio. Chester A, Arthur
was born in Vermont.
So Virginia ' has had seven sons who be
came President ; Massachusetts two; North
Carolina three: New York two; New
Hampshire one; Pennsylvania one; Ken
tucky one ; Ohio, three and Vermont pne.
But not all of these hail froiif their
native States. Harrison is put down from
Ohio, where he resided when elected ;
Jackson, Polk and Johnson from Tennes
see ; Taylor from Louisiana; Lincoln from
Illinois, and Arthur from New York.
Virginia is credited in the list of ' Presi
dents with five ; Massachusetts with two ;
Tennessee with three ; New York with
one ; New Hampshire with one : Pennsyl
vania with one; Illinois with one: Ohio
with three. " It is singular that the three
Presidents credited to Tennessee should
have been born, in North Carolina.
Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe,
Jackson, Lincoln and .'Grant: were all
elected for two terms five from the South
and two from the North. HalTrisonrTaylor,
Lincoln and Garfield died, in oihee Lin
coin and Garfield were assassinated. Of
the twenty-one Presidents twelve were born
in the South and nine in the North. Wil
mington Star. .
President Garfield's life was insured
1 mbling in Futures.
Corresf idence of the Raleigh C
WiUjotillow me to call yonr attention
and the eUention of the public, to afejy
. -i'.V -e vi: La.
miscnievous species oi gsmuuag wuwu us
become auite popular of late years, and
which seems to be regarded, even -by
Christian people, as entirely legitimate and
'It is called "speculating in lupres, dul
this is a misnomer. It is. in no just sense
foTThe wdrpecufatfon. " To speculate
is to purchase with the expectation of an
advance in price and of selling at a profit
by means of such advance.- It is based
upon' an actual, absolute -purchase and re
ceipt of the "article "purchased, and' an
actual, absolute sale and delivery ot the
article sold: This is a legitimate' exercise
of judgment, and a proper use of capital,
subject, perhaps, to the abuse of 'extor
tion " which is satdby Eftrd Coke to signify
anv oppression 1 dv color or pretence oi
right, and, in this respect, is said to be more
heinous than robbery itself. - But buying
and selling futures in cotton, corn,--wheat,
pork, &c, are not purchases and sales in
aiiyiegiamaieeMe Oithoseterms. The
articles are not received or.dejivered, and,
though I believe that, according to some
"rule of the game," as to notice, &c, the
receipt or delivery, may be .demanded, yet
this is not usual or expected. No receipt
or delivery is contemplated r expected,
and, stripped xf its thin guise, "speculating
in futures" .ia? nothing but. : gambling, bet
ting, and one of the worst species of gamb
ling ana ueiung. it completely ancuis
the ordinary law of - supply and demand
which governs prices in legitimate trade,
and enables the gamblersif they can. con
trol a moderate amount of capital, to make
such - staples as cotton, wheat, corn, pork,
&c, high or low, iust as they may choose,
(a genteel name for
shrewd swindling,) and getting the control
of the market. . . ...
Take cotton to illtfstfatel The gamblers
put np their "margins," (which, in honest,
old-fashioned betting were called "stakes,")
and, with a comparatively small amount of
money, they will buy more cotton, we will
say, for December delivery (so called, for
no cotton is to be delivered) than is made
in the country. Wnen JJecember comes,
the buyer or seller, as the case may be,
pockets the difference between the actual
price of cotton on the day named and the
sum agreed upon: in other words, the
buyer bets that the price will be what ; he
offers and the seller bets that it will not be,
and the sum bet (represented by the "mar
gins," that js, the J'fitakes"j put up) is the
difference between the actual , price on the
day named, and the price named in the pur
chase. In the meantime, the speculators
the gamblers without any regard to the
law of supply and demand (for they buy
and sell many times more than is made) are
putting the price up or down, as the bulls
or the bears pretty and appropriate
names may be able to bellow or growl
In all this, the producer, by whose sweat
the cotton is made, has no voice, and the
law of supply and demand; which - shonld
govern the price, having been nullified, he
is without anv euide and at the mercy ot
the gamblers, and it is by those meretri
cious and wicked means that the prices of
grain, pork and cotton are controlled In
this country. .''
Never has this spirit of gambling been
wilder than now. Christian people, mem
bers 'of the churches, who would feel
grossly insulted and aggrieved if it were
intimated that .they couldnba induced to
- 9- 1 J
Dei on cara s or a norse-race, are engageu
in "buying and selling futures," which, in
its results, is much, more mischievous than
betting at cards or horse-racing. By .the
latter no one is affected but the parties en
gaged; by -the former - the pxiceaiof wthose
staples upon which the support of millions
of people depend are controlled, and the
fair and just price which the producer
would always get, if left to be governed by
the law of supply and demand, is made to
yield to the interests of these gamblers,
who usually manage to keep the pric down
till the bulk of it is gotten out of "the Hands
ot the producers, we ..know tnat the in
mand, the farmers would- realize a high
price as some c6mpensatibn for the short
crop, but no one can safely say that this
will be the case. ' s . - . '
In 'its effects upon the interest of the
public, "gambling in futures" is, in the
opinion of the writer, the worst species of
gambling.11 "Compared with it, betting at
fare is a gentlemanly pastime, and betting
on a hone-race a Christian amusement.
The, press is the great protector of the
interest of the country, and I submit . that
the time has come when it should warn the
people against this most . vicious system of
gambling and present it in its true light.
b Country j Bacon- and Hams, , r -
Lard, Baltimore Hams, Smoked Shoulders, Water
melons, etc. fttf ij-T
Aug.l9,188i: ' s
A TPftiiOrTfTh'T J'
If those indebted imrbTnoteLraauninfr:io.450
and upwards, wiUjcdmeiforward and payone
third or one-half (if theycannot ty all) farther
indulgence will be givjrn. I Fneed money, and hope,
my debtors will pay jrpartat least, of whatthey
owe me. - " " """"
Sept. 16, 1881. 4w . . .
The Rise and .'Fail of -fee IConfe&aratai Govern
ment, by Jefferson Davis price, $10. ,
Guide to the Mountains of' North Carolina, by a
Lady of North Carolina price, 50 cents.
Revised New Testaments, in various styles, from
20 cents to 12.50. , r , . . .
For sale by ljA u TIDDY &RO.
Charlotte, N.C., July 1,1881. , x
. Horsford'a Aqd, Phosphate
Is recommended f or Dyipepsia, menfal and $fcyai
cai exnaustion, waKeiulnest nervousoeMrAQL
cents a bottle aP
ui DiJ T. C. SMITH'S
July 1, 1881.
This old and reliable brand of itrictlypaxe Wite
Lead in Oil, can be found at . .
f . : M - - , ?' . i Db. T. CV SMITH'S -July
- f-: j B!n Items.
r&ident lrjthltrB inauguration address,
onwassfmingLe Presidency, is very favora
tf. commented upon. The London Times,
summing uplhvevents of the week, says
"Such a spectacle has never before been
approached, as the mourning with which
the whole civilized world is honoring the
JUtev President ,. Garfield Emperorjs and
JingsK Senates, and Ministries are in , spirit
jn8pall-bearers ' "but the people, from the
TngnesVto the IowesFclaTm tooe equally
visible and audible'as sorrowing assistants."
TesympathydUcited )y the; death of
President Garfield is-ipther increasing than
otherwise., A moyementin favor of some
national sign of mourning grows. The
London Times supports ; the idea , in a
prominent paragraph. In many churches
where harvest festivities , were to be held
they have been postponed " in favor of
special sermons on the calamity.
The -Manchester Guardian appears in a
deep mourning border At various towns
requcatedMheAiWta&ilB to;.)ahow their
respect for the late President Garfield by
closing some of their shutters, more par
ticularly during the funeral. In London a
number of offices connected with 4 America
are draped -in- black.: All the omnibus
drivers are ordered by the omnibus compa
nies to haye crape on their whips. All the
flags onheTrverTbameS-ras'at half-mast,
as fare alsa( lh6se orflrriany. of 'the I halls of
the city. ' y. A V' H'.H
v.Paris,, Sept., 26.--President Grevy and
the diplomatic; body were represented at
the service in memory tf President Gar
field at the chapel in the rue de Berri.
Wehaveijusi reoefved "sms new Calicoes la
Ouf'Stbclrlir141 l'Ul -,'
- 1 ' Bleached Goods
la complete. Plenty of that popular Bleached Do
mestic a 10 cents.
Another slock of Tninfcg and Valises.
We are offering BARGAINS inaeveral lines of
Goods. Come and see us.
Sept. 2. 1881. ,uiiii& . 5 .
, - - Rubber Belting.
A complete Stock of Rubber Belting,' Rubber and
Hemp Packing. "Also, all sizes and kinds of Rope
at bottom prices. . . .
Nov. 1. 1880. KYLE & HAMMOND.
CHAZNT3 ! .:U
Head lo Ponder!
The. Drought, so universally, prevailing both in
North Carolina and the upper portion of South
Carolina.' are themes for your most serious con
sideration, when making this Fall's Purchases.
To buy light is the great point ; but to buy lignt
and at lowest prices is almost an impossibility in
Northern .Markets.? There 'Quantity Rules
Prices," bill you have aofne Market" where
your purchases, however small; will be appreciated.
Charlotte is ypur home . market and Wittkowsky
& Baruch's the House.
In purchasing of us you avoid the danger of the
"Brisk Trade Infection" of the North, and are less
liable to be' wrecked on "This Year's most dan
gerous Rock of Overbuying." You can from as
make up your assortment with half the amount that
youxan at the North. There you have to buy
from a dozen or more houses, each one of whom
worries you into buying more Goods than you
want ; here you can get your whole stock from us
in as small quantities as you please. 1
We present .you a Stoqkfin value of over $300,
000 to make ? your selections from, and from our
large experience, ample capital and superior facili
ties, we assert eur ability to cop6 with any market.
' We manufacture our own Clothing and had
manufactured for us specially our Boots and Shoes
and Hats, and therefore not only offer yon Superior
Goods, but at less price than others., , s
j All our Stolks are now complete, and we hope
our old customers and new ones will avail them
selves this season of their "Own Home Market.'
WITTKOWSKY & BARUCH,
Sept. 9, 1881.
"Charlotte, N. C.
m it teay concern: Notice -is
given that the firm of Davidson & Beajl, heretofore
doing business as Grocers in Charlotte, is this day
dissolved by mutual consent. ' All unsettled bills
Will be paid by LeRoy Davidson, and all bills due
he late firm will be collected by hirri. '
LbROY DAVIDSON, .
Sept. 1, 1881. A. J. BEALL. '
I Having purchased all the interest owfled 'by A.
J. Beall in the kite firm, and business-ot Davidson
& Beall, I delator Wcuifthe Woks to Bept. 1st,
1881. .Payments, -must jbc made promptly, aa in
dulgence cannot be'given." Twill still conduct the
business at the old stand. ''
! Sept. 0,1881.. LbROY PAYIDSON.
i Pine Millinery; White Goods,
5 ' J And all kinds of Hi 1
! FANCY DRY, GOODS
For Ladies and Children we have ever had the
Our Stock of Gloves, Hosiery, Fans, Parasols,
Trimmings, Neckwear and Corsetf is not surpassed
in the City. We hatfc " ' 4 '
Hats or Bonnets
To fit the head and pocket of 'every Lady, Miss
Our Pattern Hats and Bonnets was' opened on
Monday, April 4th.
An examination! 6f teal Stock will Convince any
Lady that we stand head in styles and prices in
our line. v . . a ,
MRS. P. QUERYwill E found inthe Store to
wait on her friends and customers. .
April 8, 1881; . : . MRS. P. QUERY.
WHEN COTTON COMES
(Branch. Music House Ludden dt Bates at Char
lotte. Prices and Terms exactly the same.)
"Keep in De Middle ob De Rode" and Read
McSmith1! Special Summer Offer.
Cash Prices and'S Month's Credit.
Five Hundred Pianos t and Organs on hand and
contracted for that' must be closed but before
Octoberjst., - .x f . ,
A LITTLE CASH DOWN and balance when
Cotton comes in. ; . i -
Lowest Cash Pkicks Psyable, $10 cash on
an Organ, $25 cash on a Piano, and the balance
In Three Months without interest. This ' offer em
pires October 1st Bay now and buy as cheap as
you can next ajl wnh cash in your hand, r? r i
This is neither PJ'i r SorJTafly!' 5
JBut good ,old Hog. and njiny. tI - ,v
Write to. me lor a little reading-matter and be
happj. uumr . , J ' c'i .-:
Order from THIS nOUSE and save time, freight
and money. Address, H. McSMITH,
July 29, 1881. 3m Charlotte, N. O.