Newspaper Page Text
Home and Democrat.
. CHARLOTTE, N. C. .
1 Correspondence of the Home and Democrat.
New Yokk, Oct. 3, 1881.
Editor Home and Democrat I was under the
impression that when my old friend 3Ir. Yates
placed himself on "the retired list," I too would
' be entitled to a discharge ; but it is hard to resist
your united application to continue my desultory
paragraphs, and so you may .regard, me as still "a
picker-up of unconsidered trifles," for the amuss
. mentor otherwise of your joint readers.,
i.- The Fall trade is well nigh orer, and it has not
Z been equal to its promise in its earlier days. The
- disaster to the crops in many parts mt the South
. ..became greater as the season advanced, and mer-
- chants have consequently been deterred from
coming here, or from buying largely if they came.
The North Carolinians whom I hare seen lately
are but few, and mostly not merchants, as Capt
Wilkes of Charlotte, A. W. Graham of Hillsboro,
W. B. Mason of Raleigh, Mr. Bryan of Jonesboro,
Mr. Williamson and bride of Tarboro, Mr. Branch
of Folkton, and Mr. McDuffie of Guyser.
Bishop Beckwith of Georgia, (a natiTe of North
Carolina,) is here, and preached yesterday morn-
ing in Calvary Church, of which Dr. Hawks was
' the former minister. Strangely enough, he re
repeated a sermon that I had heard him deliver
in Dr. Tyng's Church when he was last here, a
year or two ago. It was on "the education of
the conscience," from the text, "Herein do I ex
ercise myself, to have always a conscience void
of offence toward God, and toward men." He
- was probably asked to repeat it, for otherwise he
would hardly have selected the same sermon, able
though it was, for an audience many of whom,
probably, like myself bad heard it before.
. Public feeling is very thoroughly aroused on
the subject of the spoils system, and there is
. really hope that President Garfield's death, be
sides other good which has already flowed from
.It, will effect some reform on that subject, restore
the country to something of the purity of its
earlier and better days, and relieve Congressmen,
Cabinet officers and the President of an intolera
ble nuisance. A Cabinet officer lately declared
that he had 72 persons to visit him between
March 4th and June 4th, 1881, of whom 710 were
applicants for office 1 To think of being bored
for office by eight men (or women) every day for
ninety days, Sundays included 1 How can hu
man nature endure It I And if Congress had
been in session during those ninety days, the
. members would have been subjected to a like an
noyance, every office-seeker feeling that he has
a right to demand the influence of his Represen
tative, and the latter fearing to decline lest be
should lose influence at home. The only ap
parent remedy is to adopt a proposition made in
the Second Congress, which is thus stated by the
Rev. Dr. Sampson, in an address at Cleveland on
the occasion of the funeral :
"In the Second Congress, in 1791, there was a
man like Garfield, a sincere Christian named
Nathaniel Macon, from North Carolina. John
Randolph said of him : 'He is the last of the old
Romans.' Jefferson said of him: 'He is the
wisest and best man I ever knew.' Macon was
thirty-seven years in Congress. In 1826 he of
fered a resolution that thereafter men employed
in the civil service of the Government should re
main for life or during good behavior. If the
- resolution of Macon had passed," said Dr. Samp
son, "you would have had no assassination and
no Guiteau. Garfield would be alive to-day."
We get some curious facts if they be facts
from the Philadelphia American, an able Repub
lican Weekly. It asserts that Garfield's nomina
tion for the Presidency at Chicago was "no
thunderbolt out of a clear sky, as some people
thought it ;" but "the result of hard, earnest work
of plans laid months beforehand, and carried
eut to the letter by those who had made up their
minds that he, of all the prominent Republican
leaders, would best satisfy the independent ele
ments of the party. Before a vote was taken in
the Convention, the delegates had been canvassed
in his behalf, and many pledged to him as their
second choice. In all this he took no part and
gave no consent. His advocacy of Mr. Sher-
man's claims was in good faith throughout."
The same paper, which does not like Arthur,
predicts that his administration will.be a stormy
one, and full of peril for the Republican party.
A German was before a Justice here on Wed
nesday on a charge of setting a bloodhound upon
his wife. He had gone home drunk, as usual, on
Tuesday night, and when his wife raised the
broom-stick it him, loosed the dog at her; her
arm was considerably lacerated before her hus
band released her and tied up the dog again.
And after all this, woman like, she declined to
press her complaint before the Magistrate, saying
that she thought she would when she went to the
Court, but when he spoke to her she could not
h&lp feeling pity for him. "I always think he
' will do better," she said, "but he never does and
he never will." The Justice fined him and sent
" him to jail for three months. "I own the store,"
she said, "and I support my husband. He drinks
all day and comes home at night drunk. He
spends all my money, and that makes me mad
He did not know what he was doing last night ;
he was too drunk and when he is drunk he is
The law is a costly luxury here. In a suit
where the property was sold by the Sheriff for
$2,700, the Sheriff's bill of costs was $1,169.06.
The Judge cut it down to $834.10. Would not a
Sheriff in North Carolina be liable to indictment
for tuch an attempt at extortion r
I have been struck with the good taste in which
one house of note in Broadway was draped in
mourning last week. It is the large double store,
, 50 by 200 feet, 5 stories high, between Bleecker
and Houston streets, which has been vacant
within my knowledge for about fourteen years.
It would be worth, probably, twenty-five or
thirty thousand dollars a year. Fourteen years
at thirty thousand, $420,000 lost to the owner.
Compounded, about $600,000. It is said that the
property belongs to a wealthy individual in
France, whether a Frenchman or American I
know not, who has fixed a price as rent, from
which he will not recede, and which no one will
"Can you tell me where the oyster house is
where they sell tickets to Virginia?" inquired a
large elderly woman, with hands full of bags and
bundles, and speaking with that "sweet Irish
brogue" that Gen. Scott admired so much when
he was a candidate for President I replied that
there were oyster houses In abundance on Broad
way and all over the city, but that I was un
acquainted with the particular one that sold
tickets to Virginia. And thereupon I resumed
my walk down Broadway. Before I had gone
ten teps it occurred to me that Mr. Turk, at the
Astor House sold Railroad tickets to Virginia,
1 tttrned aboul Mld 80011 ,oand ttat 8he
had befogged another man with the same inquiry
for the "oyster house." I said to her, "Perhaps
A fv ,t0r HoUM that TOTl " looking for?"
towS."that"it', "Th" mile down
Anew kind or dueling has been inaugurated
in Prussia. The parties drew lots to determine
which of the two should commit suicide on a
certain day. The loser twice asked for an exten
sion of tlm fixed on, which was
the 15th of May To the second application the
winner replied, "Coward and rasctf 1 I am wait
ing to attend your funeral 1" Whereupon he at
once shot himself. - The objection to thia new in
vention is, that only one of the two fools can rid
the world of his folly. n.
(FOR THE HOMB AND- DKMOCRAT.1
The Forests of North Carolina.
The most Valuable Woods pointed out.
The great variety of the forest-growth
of North Carolina, surpassing that ol any
other State in the Union, has long elicited
the admiration of every intelligent ob
server. - It constitutes one of the most at
tractive features of the landscape of Na
ture spread around us. And hence, in
every age of the world, trees, the most
exalted objects of the vegetable kingdom,
have receired a large share of regard and
Owing to the rapid and extravagant
destruction oi our forests for almost in
numerable domestic, and national pur
poses, the necessary supply in many parts
of oar country, has become seriously di
minished, and its value greatly enhanced
in the last twenty years. For the benefit
of those who have not closely investigated
the subject, it is here proposed to point
out briefly some of oar most valuable and
Thk Pines. Of this noble genus, or
family of trees, we have 8 species. The
most widely known and useful are the
Long-leaved Pine, (Pinus australis,) cov
ering the whole Eastern sandy portion of
the State; the Yellow Pine, (P. mitis,)
found from the sea-coast to the mountains;
the Oldfield Pine, (P. Taeda,) common
and abundant in the interior, and termi
nating near the base of the lofty moun
tains ; and the White Pine, (P. Strobus,)
found in considerable abundance on the
dashing water courses of our mountains,
frequently associated with the graceful
Hemlock Spruce, and greatly contributing
to the enchanting scenery.
The Oaks. Of this grand genus we
have 19 species, with several varieties.
The most useful species are well known
under their popular names, and need no
scientific description. They are as fol
lows : The White Oak, Post Oak, Spanish
Oak, Ked Oak, Chestnut Oak, Water Oak,
Black Oak, Live Oak, confined to the sea-
coast, and other species of less notoriety.
Of this enumeration, the White Oak is
undoubtedly the most valuable. Its wood
is used extensively for agricultural imple
ments, vehicles, of various kinds, coopers'
ware, ship building and other purposes,
Its fruit (acorns) is the most nutritious ol
all the Oaks for fattening hogs.
The Hickories. This genus, or family
of trees, containing 9 species, is peculiar
to North America. In North Carolina,
we have 6 species. The most valuable are
the Common Hickory, (Corya tomentosa);
the Pignut Hickory, ( C. glabra.) and the
Shellbark Hickory, (C. alba?) found in
the middle of the State. The nuts of this
species are highly prized, and deemed by
many equal to the Pecan nut of the South
western States. The woods of the Com
mon and Pignut Hickories are particu
larly valuable for their great strength,
toughness, and elasticity, and are now
used extensively in our spoke and handle
The Walnuts consist of two well
known species, the black and the white.
The Black Walnut is an extremely valua
ble tree, found in considerable abundance
in the middle and western portions of the
State. The wood is fine grained, com
pact, receives a fine polish, and is mach
used in cabinet work. The camphorated
properties of the wood render it free from
the attacks of worms. If tree-planting is
ever introduced into the South, this tree,
together with the White Oak, and the
Common and Pignut Hickories, should re
ceive especial attention for their great
value and increasing importance.
The Locusts. Of this handsome genus
Robinia) we have 3 .species. The Black
Locust is a well known tree extending
along the Alleghanies from Pennsylvania
to the Carolinas and Georgia. . The wood
is hard, compact, resists decay for a long
time under water, and is hence valuable
for posts, and in ship building. The re
maining species, the Clammy Locust, (R,
viscosa,) a small tree, found in the moun
tains ; and the Rose Locust, (i?. hispida,)
a mere shrub, with handsome rose-colored
blossoms, are occasionally seen in cultiva
tion. Associated with the dazzling Aza
leas, Rhododendrons, Laurels, Honey
suckles, and other beautiful vegetable
forms, they contribute largely to the
adornment, and picturesque scenery of
our mountains, the "Land of the Skies,"
and the "Switzerland of America." The
Chestnat consists of two species, the com
mon Chestnut and Chinquapin, both
found in considerable abundance through
out the State. The wood of the Chestnut
is light, splits easily, and resists, in a re
markable degree, the effects of atmos
pheric changes, its durability above ground
gives it great value for fencing, the rails
generally estimated to last 30 or 40 years.
Its fruit is much smaller than that of the
European Chestnat, but is sweeter and
The common and well known Wild
Cherry is found throughout the State, but
in the greatest abundance in the moun
tains,, where it finds a more congenial cli
mate, and attains a large size. The wood
is of a light red color, fine grained, and
extremely valuable for cabinet work.
The Maples. -Of this beautiful family
of trees we have 5 species. The common
Red Maple is among the first trees to
throw out in early Spring its bright scarlet
flowers, giving a pleasing aspect to the
naked forest. The wood is close, fine
grained, and receives a brilliant polish.
It is extensively used in cabinet work,
and for other domestic purposes. .The
wood of the Sncrar Made, abundant in
several of our Western counties, is also
frequently used, but the production of
agar from its sap gives it its highest
value. It is only in the colder regions of
our own State, and in high northern lati
tudes that the sap of this tree becomes
abundant, and may be turned to good
The Ashes. Of this genus of hand
some trees, we have 4 species. The most
useful of these is the White Ash, widely
diffused through the United States. The
wood possesses great strength and elas
ticity, and is extensively used by carriage
maker 8, wheelwrights, coopers, . and in
the manufacture of a varietv of agricul
The Elms. Of this genus we have 3
well known species. The common Ameri
can Elm, and small-leaved Elm form orna
mental shade trees, and are frequently
seen along streets, and in private grounds.
The Slippery Elm is chiefly valuable for
the large amount of mucilage contaiued in
its inner bark, and is worthy of trans
planting, and careful protection.
The Tulip Teee, (Liriodendron,) im
properly called White Poplar, is one of
the most noble trees of the American for
est. In Europe, where it has been long
introduced, it is highly prized as an orna
mental shade tree. It is abundant in
many parts of North Carolina, and is fre
quently met with of immense size. The
wood works easily, and is of sufficient
hardness to receive a fair polish. It is
largely used in cabinet work, in coach
making, and for other purposes. Of late,
it has been ascertained its wood forms a
palp from which good paper can be made.
It is also believed, the soft wood of the
Linden, (Tilia,) of which we have 3 spe
cies may be used for a similar purpose,
and thus form the basis of a new and pro
The Persimmon, common in many
parts of the State, has a firm elastic wood,
susceptible of a fine polish, and has been
long used for mallets, shoe lasts, the shafts
of vehicles, and quite recently, for shut
ties, now in growing demand.
The Magnolias. This magnificent
genus consists of 9 species, all of which
are found in North Carolina. The Mag
nolia of Florida, (M. grandiflora,) with
fragrant white flowers, and dark, ever
green foliage, is found in Brunswick coun
ty. It varies in height from 50 to 80 or
90 feet, and presents a most attractive ap
Dearance as an ornamental tree. The
Broad-leaved Magnolia (M. macrophylla)
is of more limited extension. It is found
in Gaston and Lincoln counties, and spar
ingly in a few other localities. The Sweet
Bay, (M. glauca,) found along branches
and Bays, is a . small tree, or shrub, with
purely white flowers, of sweet and grate
ful odor. The remaining species, the Um
brella Tree, (M. Umbrella.) Cucumber
Tree, (M. acuminata?) frequently found
on watercourses of the interior, and two
other species, inhabitants of our moun
tainous slopes, are all ornamental trees.
In addition to the preceding, the woods
of other well known trees should be
named ; the Sassafras, Black Gum, three
species, Beech, Birch, three species, Syca
more, Sweet Gum, Dogwood, Holly, Red
Cedar, Cypress, of our swampy lands, and
Firs and Spruces of .our mountains, all
combining to make a grand display of our
rich and extensive forest wealth. To im
migrants, desirous of improving their con
dition, and engaging in new industrial en
terprises, we would say, come one, come
all to our genial climate, and assist us in
developing the numerous-resources of the
South. c. l. h.
Lincoln county, N. C.
Fine silver was selling last week, in
New York, at $1.12 per oz. Out of this
ounce our government will coin $1.32f,
and so will gain 20 cents in every dollar.
Is it any wonder then that"counterfeit
silver money is frequent? For a counter
feiter can put the proper weight of pure
silver into his dollars and gain 20 percent
by the operation. That is, he will be
honest and yet act illegally. He will
give what the law of trade allows ; but
not what the law of the land requires.
Legislation has no right thus to lead men
into temptation. There should be no dis
tinction between honesty before the law,
and honesty in trade. The law ought not
to give the same name to different things.
A dollar in gold is worth 20 cents more
than a dollar in silver. Yet it pays no
more debt. These eighty-seven cent sil
ver dollars, that are so common, make
prices rise while value are at - the aamo
level. They grind men of wages to dust.
The Cotton Crop for 1880-'81.
The regular statements of the cotton
crop issued each year are compiled entire
ly from the shipping port movements, and
do not in any way indicate the place of
growth of the cotton. We have therefore,
compiled a careful estimate of the actual
growth of each State, based on the census
return of 1880, to which we have added
the increased acreage planted, and the in
creased yield of the past year. These
figures are interesting as showing the
actual growth of each State, and will also
be valuable in connection with our month
ly reports of the growing crop, as from
this statement it can be seen how much
cotton is effected by each of our detailed
state reports :
' 602,000 "
Indian ' ,
The Senate sub-committee on the
judiciary, considering the subject of a
nauonai oanicrupi law, are understood to
incline to the measure recommended by,
the' National Board of Trade.
N. C. NEWS.
.. . , ...
The Presbyterian Synod of North Caro
lina' holds its sixty-eighth annual session
in the First Presbyterian church, Salis
bury, on Wednesday, November 2d. y
y The Baptist State Convention will hold
its next annual session in November next.
Those expecting to attend are requested
to forward their names to. Rev. II. A.
Brown, pastor of the Baptist church in
Winston, or one of the following commit
tee: C. J. Watkins, J.'R. Pierce, A. J.
Hunt, and I. W. Durham, as early as possi
ble, in order to avoid confusion.
Large quantities ot Walnut timber are
being shipped down the road, destined, it
is supposed, for foreign work shops, then
to be returned from whence it came and
sold at higher prices, while our boys loaf
around, smoke and curse.- Hickory Caro
linian. t . . ."
Speaking of the beginning of work on
the North Carolina Midland Railroad, the
Goldsboro Messenger say s ; "Mr. Best and
his corps of engineers have been here for
several days earnestly at work in their
preparations. Some of the land owners
have given the right of way, bat in several
instances Mr. Best felt himself compelled
to appeal to the law in such cases made
and provided. : The land owners objecting
were perfectly willing to donate the right
of way if substantial assurances were
given that the road jjfould be oompleted.
On the other hand it would seem that the
Midland means business, but this, not
withstanding, there are. some doubting
Cababbus Supebiob Coubt. Some of
the cases Judge Avery disposed of at our
court last week, are given below. The
Judge fined 'en right and left and made
some realize that fighting is a luxury to be
indulged in only by those who don't care
for expenses. Four rogues were sent to
the penitentiary: Sidney V. Shields,
white, horse stealing, sentenced to 10
years ; Chas. Meachem; col., larceny, 3
years ; Chas. Philips, col., larceny 3
years and Abram Morrison, col., larceny 2
years. The fighting scrapes were numer
ous at a colored festival sometime ago,
Gus Gibson, Sandy Melchor and Bob Gil
mer had a row. The Judge sent Melchbr
to jail for two months, and fined Gibson
$25 and Gilmer $10. The following fines
were imposed fcr assault and battery
cases: Alonzo Love, 25 dollars ; Beef Har
ris, 10 dollars; Jerry Ury, 25 dollars;
Tom Crooker, 25 dollars ; Tom Mitley, 25
dollars. The cost were attached in each
case. Concord Sun.
Mr. James T. Webb, of Nash county,
one of the most intelligent of our Chris
tian citizens and successful larmers of the
State, related on Thursday last some of
his own experience. He ran a small crop
on one of his places last year and kept a
scrupulously and rigid account of debt and
credit. He planted nothing else but grain,
not a stalk of cotton. The expense ac
count was $600 and -the yield. $1,300.
Again,' a . man owed Mr. Webb $800 or
$1,000 and was placed on one of his farms
the Alsey Taylor place to work it out.
He endeavored to do this with cotton, but
made poor headway. At Mr. Webb's sug
gestion he tried a grain crop, so as to en
able him to raise supplies sufficient for
home consumption, and leave his cotton
clear. He is now rapidly getting out of
debt. Tarboro Southerner.
-The recent rains raised the Yadkin
several feet on the afternoon of the 17th
ult. There were upwards of 20 bushels of
fish caught in one trap at Nissen & Co.'s
mill. The rains have started the farmers
to plowing, preparatory to sowing wheat.
A few barns of tobacco were cured before
the rains, but with poor success. Wins
ton Leader. '
The Farmer and Mechanic, describing
"the North Carolina Lowell" in Randolph
county, says: "It may open the eyes of
our Northern brethren to learn that on
two small streams, either of which would
be called a creek at the North, and both
of which have to run an hundred miles be
fore they unite to form the Cape Fear, are
no less than twenty cotton factories, aggre
gating several millions of dollars capital,
employing more than 5,000 persons, and
using more man ou oaies ot cotton per
day, or 16,000 bales a year."
Landmark: We hear of winter oats in
this county which were sowed when the
weather was at its dryest in August,
winch are now up and looking finely.
Wondebful Occubbences. We learn
from an observant gentleman, who has
just returned from a long sojourn at Nag's
Head, that the sickness on the north end
oi xvoanoKe xsiana and along tne coast is
unprecedented. ' The prevalence of sick
ness is ascribed to drying of the salt
marshes by the excessive d rought. Anoth
er peculiar condition is the unprecedented
quantity of fish in the waters of the sound.
fill 0 . . m.
xue waters are iuu oi tnem. lney are
caught in large quantities with hook and
line ana otner ways. at DacKs are so
thick you can hardly push a pole through
them. The fish are fat and healthy, but
the quantity is astounding. From the
Nag's Head pier one catches fish enough
in a short time to supply a family for days.
Ibis unusual condition of thincra in the
lower sounds along the coast, coupled with
the signs and predictions of evil times to
come at no remote date, has caused a feel
ing of alarm among persons sensitive to
the'supernatural. Elizabeth City Econo
"Wrecking and Robbing Trains.
Quite a mania seems to prevail in differ
ent parts of the Country, for wrecking
and robbing railroad trains. In California,
Missouri and Arkansas, train rnhherien
have been of such frequent occurrences of
late as to become quite alarming. An
attempt was made the other day, by high
waymen in California, to wreck a train for
the purpose of capturing millionaire Fair,
whom they expected to hold as a hostage,
until a heavv ransom war nairf. Th rnh.
bery of a train recently near Kansas City
in juissoun, Dy the James Brothers, and
the more recent daring and successful rob
bing of the JxDres a cent and nasapnerpra
on the Iron Mountain railroad in Arkansas,
in open daylight by an undisguised band
of VOUncr men. shown hnnr nnnnlar thia
j -! 1 '- J-
method of "raising the wind" is becoming,
ana cans lor prompt action and severe
punishment on the part of the civil authori
ties. A -few instances have occurred in
North Carolina, of train wrecking, in all
of which we believe the guilty parties have
been promptly - arrested and punished.
Our laws Dunish severe! v and verv nrn.
perly all attempts to jeopardize the lives
PengerH. ; occasionally we near of a
rock being thrown at a train, or through
the WIDdoT of l tiMMnewr vtx.n anil
sometimes of an obstruction being placed
upon a railroad track, but such instances,
to, the credit of our people, are a rare oc
curence. . .
" NEWS ITEHS. .
, Foster, the Lotorious spiritualist hum'
bug, whose tricks have . tooled so many
persons is now in Danver's, Mass., Insane
Asylum, a hopeless maniac, requiring the
' The dead body of an aged citizen whose
life was insured for $70,000 in some of the
speculative concerns of Pennsylvania, has
been found m the canal at Wilkesbarre.
The murderous effect of the. grave-yard
insurance business-are becoming fearfully
plain in that otate. -
The catafalque erected in Monument
Square, in Cleveland, where the remains
of the President lav in state until their
removal to the cemetery, was a beautifnl
structure. It coubisted of a platform five
teet six mcnes nign, a square pavilion,
covered by a canopy, on the apex of which
rested a large globe, upon which stood the
figure of an angel represented in the atti
tude ot blessing, the hands outspread. The
wings were extended, the tips approaching
above the head.
A riot occurred at Atlanta, Ga., during
the Garfield , commemoration services on
Monday uight September 26th, caused by
the police arresting a disorderly negro.
Thousands of people were in the streets,
when a panic ensued and ; many were
crushed. The leaders of the rioters were
arrested and taken to jail, and in an
attempt to rescue them many persons were
Advices from Philadelphia represent
Senator Hill as doing very well after the
second operation on his tongue. He is
rapidly recovering, and it is believed that
the last operation has entirely removed
the cancer, and that neither his articula
tion nor his voice have been affected by
the surgical operations.
When President Arthur look the oath of
office and kissed the open Bible held before
him by Mr. McKenney, the clerk of the
Supreme Court, his lips fell on the first and
second verses of thirty-first Psalm, which
are as follows: "In Thee, O Lord, do I
put my trust; let me never be ashamed ;
deliver me in Thy righteousness." "Bow
down Thine ear to me; deliver me speedily;
be Thou my strong rock, for a house of
defense to save me.
When President Garfield was battling
for life, millions of prayers for his recovery
were daily sent up, and now that he is
dead, instead of distrusting the efficacy of
prayer, we find that, even more than before,
faith in prayer, in God, is-strong among
the people. Nothing can destroy the reli
gious .sentiment in man. No successful
assault can ever be m de on the funda
mental principles of Christianity. ATI Y.
Sun. . -
The number of bushels of shell-oysters
taken this year from Virginia waters will
be about three million, and more than one
third of this amount is handled by the
packers of Norfolk and Portsmouth. The
average value of oysters is about thirty
five cents a bushel, which would make the
value of the oysters handled in Norfolk
yearly reach $350,000. The oysters are
shipped in every conceivable manner
known to the trade. The business has
been built up since the close, of the war,"
and is steadily increasing.
Scientific American: A mysterious star
called the Pilgrim, which was observed in
945, 1264, and 1572, is expected by astron
omers to appear before long. It was
described in 1572 as brighter than Jupiter,
and such was its brilliancy that persons
were able to detect it at noon in a clear
sky, and at night when the . sky was so
overcast as to hide all other stars. If it
appears it will probably be visible for
several weeks in the constellation of Cas
liopeia. Miss Mainwaring, of Portsmouth, Eng
land, a few days before the time fixed for
her marriage sickened and died. Her
body was taken in a coffin to church, fol
lowed by her friends in wedding costume,
the deceased's wreath of orange blossoms
placed at the head of the coffin, several
clergymen officiated, and after reading the
marriage service,, that for funerals was
proceeded with, when, at its close, the cor
tege drove to the cemetery, where the
interment took place. The father of this
young lady, is reported to be an army offi
cer and one would suppose had better
sense than indulging in such ridiculous
From a recent bulletin issued by the
Census Bureau, on the subject of cotton
production, we learn that Mississippi, with
955,808 bales, stands at the head of the
cotton States in respect to quantity of cot
ton grown, the figures, obtained in June,
of last year, of course, referring to the
crop of 1879. Georgia stands next, with
814,441 bales ; then Texas, Alabama and
Arkansas; 17,000 bales were grown in the
Indian Territory. In area cultivated,
Georgia leads, Alabama ' and Texas fol
lowing. In production per acre, Missouri
leads ; then come Louisiana, Arkansas and
Kentucky. In Mississippi, which leads as
to quantity produced, the colored popula
tion is to the white, roughly speaking, as
65 to 47 ; in Georgia, which ranks second,
It is as 72 to 61 j batp this' apparent ratio
between cotton product and colored popu
lation fails in case of other State,Jfor
South Carolina, where the colored is as 6$
to 39, ranks sixth as to product, and Texas,
where it is as 39 to 119, ranks third. In
all but two cases these being Mississippi
and Arkansas, where the ratio is two
thirds to three-fourths of a bale per bead
the production through the cotton belt
power approximates half a bale (of 475
pound 8 each) per head of total population;
but, as is indicated by the statement made
just above, no obvious deduction can be
drawn by comparing, through all the
States, the total product with the number
of colored population or with their ratio
to the total, although detailed comparisons
by counties may perhaps show some con
Mississippi, sixth in population and first
in quantity of product, grows 84 of a bale
per bead, being first in this respect as well,
although eighth in quantity per acre.
Georgia is behind her neighbor on either
hand, yet her relative position is made
high by thrift and belter cultivation.
Texas stands eleventh in point of product
per acre, but this is'attributed to the special
drynebs of the season in 1879, by which
the black uplands soil in that State is par
ticularly affected. In the Carolinas the
product per acre is very high, and the in-
orAftBPfl noo nf -fcrtilizArfl. crnpa. far t.n tmrnnnt
for it, these two States having been thej
first to place cotton-growing upon a re-1
manent foundation by adopting a svafeltn
of regular returns to the soil. Missouri
stands first in point of product oer-acre.
but her small crop of less than -20,000
bales per acre is grown on picked soil,
being almost exclusively on the lowlands
in the southeastern corner of the State.
-. Trial of Guiteau.
; Chicago, Sept. 29. George Scoville,
brother-in-law of Guiteau, is in this city.
In answer to the question whether he will
act as counsel for the assassin,' he said he
would rather leave it to the Government
to appoint counsel for him, but his wife,
Guiteau's nearest relative, and almost his
only friend on earth, insists that he shall
appear as counsel and he supposed he
would have to grant the request. He
would, therefore, be on hand in Washing
ton when the assassin was called on to
plead. ': ' "
The question was asked, "Do you antici
pate a speedy trial w - :
l Ann't VnniiT aVinnt tliat T rlrtn't think
Guiteau can be tried right a way. When
he is called upon to plead the time for his
JL V. S I. H AUW WW '
trial will be fixed. We will have to se
cure time in order to prepare for the de
fence. Witnesses will have to be summon
ed from all parts of the country, and that
will take time." -
"What will be your defence ? was ask
ed. . :- . .- : ' ; -
"I think that has been pretty well out
lined. Iam not in favor of making any
technical objection .to the form of indict
ment or to the question of the jurisdiction
of the court. Our defence will be insanity
and I shall not advise anything else. .Wt
have known nothing of Guiteau for three
vears past, until this summer. I do not
apprehend but that he will be accorded
fair trial. Our greatest effort will be to
get men on the jury who will have judicia
minds men who have read ot the case,
know the facts, and who will be fair in the
trial. I believe that the Government Wil
see that Guiteau is protected, and that he
shall have an impartial trial."
Washington, Oct. 3. The grand jury
met to-day at 10:45 with a full attendance
and immediately, proceeded to the con
sideration ot the case of Chas. J. Guiteau,
charged with murdering Jas. A. Garfield.
1 he only witnesses beard were burgeon
Gen. Barnes who testified as to the wound,
and Geo. W. Adams, who was at the
Baltimore & Potomac depot at the time
the fatal shot was fired. Dr. Lamb, who
conducted the autopsy was also given
Uct. 4. A bill ot mdictement was
found to-day and reported against Guiteau.
The Number of Vice-Presidents.
A correspondent asks an explanation of
"a pictorial chart of the present Adminis
tration which represents Garfield as the
twentieth President of the United States
and Mr. Arthur as the twenty-fourth Vice
President." He wants to know how it is
that there have been twenty-four Vice-
Presidents and only twenty Presidents,
The lact is that twenty-tour is not a cor
rect computation of the Vice-Presidents.
Only twenty different persons have been
elected to the Vice-Presidency and served
as such, although if the nine persons who
have been Presidents pro tern, of the ben-
ate when there was a vacancy in the Vice-
Presidential othce be added to the num
ber, on the ground that they were Acting
Vice-Presidents, it would swell the count
to twenty-nine. But seventeen different
persons have been elected to the
office of the Presidency, General Garfield
being the seventeenth. John - Tyler, Mil
lard t illmore and Andrew Johnson, who
were respectively the tenth, thirteenth and
seventeenth Presidents, were elected to
the Vice-Presidency, and succeeded to the
higher office by reason of the death of
those who were chosen President upon the
same ticket. General Garheld s ad minis
tration is the twenty-fourth Presidential
term, counting the double terms of Wash
ington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Jack
son and Grant as two terms each, and also
making two terms each of the four years
of Harrison and Tyler, of Taylor and Fill
more, and of Lincoln and Johnson; but
the present Administration is only the
twenty-first full Presidential fonr years'
term, lhat is, there have been but twen
ty-one elections of Presidents. While
seven persons have been twice elected to
the Presidency, only four Vice-Presidents
have been re-elected. These were John
Adams, who served during both of Wash
ington's terms ; George Clinton, who serv
ed during Jefferson's second and Madison's
first term ; Daniel D. Tomkins, who serv
ed eight years with Monroe, and John C.
Calhoun, who was first elected on the same
ticket with John Quincy Adams and. the
second time with Andrew Jackson. Den
Goldsboro Messenger : There is a great
scarcity of laborers throughout this sec
tion, and many of the farmers find it dim
cult to gather their crops, while the effect
of it is also felt by our builders and others
requiring laborers. The Midland N. C
enterprise was began at a most untimelv
period for our farmers. They are paying
a dollar a day and this has completely
demoralized tne labor system.
Lanterns and Lamps.
We have now on hand a fine stock of Lanterns
and Ulass .Lamps.
WILSON & BURWELL,
Sept 30, 1881. Druggists,
Laudanum, Essences, Tutt's Pills, and all such
Goods as are sold by Country Merchants can be
naa very low at Dr. T. C. SMITH'S
JAS. P. IRWIN,
At the old Post-office Stand,
Near the Court Howe,
Offers to the public, at lowest prices, a fine stock of
Staple and Fancy Groceries.
Including various grades of Flour. 8uffar aiid Mo-
lasses, Corn Meal, Bacon and Hams. A fine selec-
nuu ui i t&s, uonees ana spices.
Choice Soda Biscuits and Family Crackers.
. Canned Goods, Jellies, Pickles, &et &c.
ChewiDg and Smoking Tobaccosind Cigars.
Just received, finest quality of Qatmeal. Also,
10 pound Kits of best Mackerel. -
AlsoBran, Mill Feed, Corn ar-i Peas always on
hand. -K .
For Retail Trade, to which we
pay special attention, we bay the best goods to
WliiSON & BURWELL.
Sept 30, 1881. Druggists.
anj Crockery Store,
Established in 1857.
New Stock jas t received of
Direct from England.
Also, a good assortment of
French China Table Ware,
And GLASS-WARE in every
Certificate Lost. v
Application will be made to the proper officers
of the Atlanta, Tennessee & Ohio Railroad Com
pany, for the re-issue of Certificate No. 293 of the
Capital Stock of said Company, which is lost or
mislaid. . "
A. G. NEEL, Executor. -5w
Sept. 16, 1881.
.What ' Congress Did for Mrs. Lincoln.
It is a matter of disenssion at this time
what Congress will do for Mrs. Garfie!j
In this case the act passed in relation to
Airs. Mary . Lincoln, whose husband w48
also assassinated while President, is of iD.
terest. There were three acts of the kind
passed by Congress. The first act passed
when Congress came together after the
assassination of President Lincoln was as
follows: "That the Secretary of the Treas
ury pay out of any money in the treasury
not otherwise appropriated to Mrs. Mary
Lincoln, widow of Abraham Lincoln, late
President of the United States, or in the
event of her death, before payment, the
sum of 125,000 ; Provided always, that
any sum of money which shall have been
paid to the personal representatives of the
said Abraham Lincolti since his death, on
account of his salary as President of the
United States for , the current year shall
be deducted from the said sum of $22,000."
The. amount thus granted to Mrs. Lincoln
was the salary of. the; President for one
year. Now that salary is ; $50,000. In
February 1866, Congress s passed the . fol
lowing act-: "That all lettere and packets
carried by post to and from Mary Linclon
widow of the late Abraham Lincoln
be carried free of postage during her natur
al life.'.V In 1870 the following act was
passed : "That the Secretary of the Inte
rior be and is hereby authorized to place
the name of Mary Lincoln, widow of Abra
ham Lincoln, deceased, late President of
the United States, on the pension roll, and
allow and pay her a pension at the rate of
$3,000 per annum from and after the pas
sage of this act." Washington : Star.
E. J. HALE & SON,
Booksellers and Stationers,
17. Murray Street, NEW YORK,
Invite orders for School, Miscellaneous and Stan
dard BookB, and for all kinds of Staple Station
err. ' ' ' " - . -- . . i '
WRITING PAPERS Cap, Letter Note and
other sizes. ;
BLANK BOOKS, of all Grades. '
ENVELOPES, all sizes and colors and quali
ties. SCHOOL SLATES, best quality, all sizes.
Slate and Lead Pencils, Pens, Inks, Mucilage,
Feb 18, 1881. E. J. HALE & 80N.
White and Red Onion Setts for sale by v
WILSON & BURWELL.
A fresh Cbest of He2To-Tea lust received by
WILSON & BURWELL,
Sept 30, 1881. . . ' Sole Agents.
J. S. SPENCER A CO. have removed from
their old stand on. tho corner, to the Holt build
ing on College street, where they havo a good
stock of fresh , .
To which they invite the attention of wholesale
and retail purchasers.
They thank their customers for the liberal
share of patronage heretofore extended them,
and ask a continuance, with the assurance that
satisfaction shall be given. - '
J. S. SPENCER & CO.
Charlotte, Sept. 2. 1881.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
FURNITURE, BEDDING, &c
I have now in Store a well selected stock em
bracing everything found in a
First-class Furniture Store,
Such as Bedroom and Parlor Suits, Lounges,
Tet-a-Tets, Whatnots, Marble and Wood Top
Tables, Dining Tab es, Washstands, Bureaus,
Wardrobes, Book Cases, &c.
CHAIRS of all kinds and cheap Bedsteads
at prices to suit the times.
I respectfully solicit a shure of patronage.
COFFINS of all grades kept on hand ready
made. No. 5 West Trade Street,
J n 19, 1881 Charlotte, N.C.
North Carolina Railroad.
Cliarlolte Goldiboro and Richmond.
TRAINS GOING XOBTB.
Date, May 15, '81.
Lv.. Charlotte. 4.03 am
" A. L. depot"
" Junc't 4.11 am
" Salisbury 5.56 am
Ar. Greensboro 8.03 am
Lv. Greensboro 8.25 am
Ar. Raleigh 1.40 pm
Lv. u 1.45 pm
Ar. Goldsboro 4.00 pm
for Richmond 8.25 pm
Lv. Danville 10 21 am
M N.Danville 10 27 am
" Barksdale 10.58 am
" Drak'sBr'h 12 37 pm
" Jetersville 2.24 pm
Ar. Tomahawk 3.20 pm
Ar. Belle Isle 4.05 tun
Lv. " .4.10 pm
Ar. Manchester 413 pm
Ar. Richmond 4.18 pm
TitAINB GOING SOUTH.
Lv. Richmond 10.45 pm
12 00 m
6 05 pm
' Burk'eville 2.25 am
Ar. N.panville 7.00 am
Lv. " 7.25 am
MDiville 7.27 am
Ar. Greensboro 9.26 am
Lv. " 931am
Ikr. A.L. Junc't 12 45 pm
" Charlotte 1.00 nm
2.55 p m
Ar. A.L. Junc't
No. 48 Daily, except Sunday.
Leave Greensboro, 9.40 p. m..
Arrive Salem, 11.40 p.m.-
No. 47 Daily, except Sunday.
Leave Salem, 7.30 a. m.
Arrives Greensboro, : 9.00 a. m-
No. 42 Daily, except Sunday.
10.00 a. mi.
11.30 a. m
7.30 p. m.
Limited mails Noa. 49 and 50 will only make
short stoppages at points named on the schedule.
Train 49 makes close connection at Greensboro
for Raleigh, Goldsboro, Newbern and all points
on Wilmington & Weldon Railroad.
Pasaencer trains No. 47 and 43 make all local
stops between Charlotte and Richmond, and be
tween Greensboro, Raleigh and Goldsboro; No
47 making connection with W. N. C. Railroad at
Salisbury for Asheville (Sundays excepted), and
also connecting at Greensboro with Salem Branch
Passenger trains Noa. 42 and 43 make all local
stops between Charlotte and Richmond, except
Query's, Harrisburg, China Grove, Holtsbtu? ,
Lin wood and Jamestown.
No. 43 connects with Salem Branch at Greens
' A- POKE,
Gen. Pas?, and Ticket Agent,