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HOME AND DEMOCRAT.
J. P. STRONG, Editor and Proprietor.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Friday, October 7. 188L
Our N8w Enterprise.
We do not claim for the Chaelottk
Homk and Democrat a new niche in the
world of ournalism,but rather to retain its
wonted place in the esteem and confidence
of those who have ever given it their sap
port' and cordial welcome. In making
the necessary changes we have given
preference to the oldest paper, that those
veterans, who have for over a quar
ter of a century weekly perused its
columns may -recognize some semblance
to their old journal. Our new friends, we
are fully aware of the difficult task be
fore us, in catering to those who have,
not alone been readers of the Democrat,
but were guided by its words, of advice
and impartial judgment. We can only
promise the best of our ability, and in giv
,, ing our views upoo the current topics of
the day if they do not meet with your ap
proval, trust you will be magnanimous
enough to accord us a conscientious differ
ence of opinion. Being a larger paper it
affords much more reading matter, with no
increased price of subscription, and its
columns will contain the latest news and
. intelligence, exerting ourselves to make a
complete and comprehensive newspaper
alike acceptable to all.
The great advantages of the consolida
tion to advertisers are readily seen and
must be acknowledged by all, for the
benefits of the combined circulation
which is equivalent to two papers, they
are only charged for one. To the mer
chants we will state: The readers of the
Charlotte Home and Democrat are the
'Class of people who purchase, to a great
extent their wares, and are persons
-with farailiesto supply with the necessities
and luxuries of life, those represented in
-our columns are brought to their notice
and induces them to patronize the same.
'We start with a very large list of sub-
scribers and trust events will euable us to
: add "well-paying and ask the encourage-
ment hitherto shown the respective papers
vwill be extended to the Charlotte Home
. and Democrat.
iJx transferring' the ,H9t of subscribers to
tur new books we find a large indebted
ness to the Southern Home, many able
and we have no doubt willing to pay. It
is now the season when our subscribers are
in a condition to meet these payments and
we ask them to call at the office of the
Charlotte Home and DjEMOCRAT-and set
tle their accounts.
The communication of Dr. C. L. Hun
ter of Lincoln county, in this issue, on the
"Forests of North Carolina," will be found"
valuable and interesting to the general
reader. We hope to have many favors
from Dr. Hunter for the benefit of our sub
scribers. . -
The Supreme Court of this State met
iu Raleigh on Monday last.
Gor. Vance delivered the address of
welcome for the South on the occasion of
the opening exercises of the Atlanta Ex
A gentleman who returned from At
lanta, on Tuesday last, reports that North
Carolina will be well represented iu miner
als, &c. Gov. Vance's opening speech
on Wednesday was a splendid thing.
Union Superior Court opens on Mon-
day next, October 10th. Judge Avery
will preside. Union court will last two
' weeks, then comes Lincoln, Gaston, Cleve-
land, Hutherfordton and Polk.
The North Carolina State Fair begins
on Tuesday next, 11th inst., and will con
tinue during the week.
New Plan. The County Commission
ers of Guilford county, appropriated $15,-
000 to buy corn to be sold to the needy at
cost. Col. Buford, President of the Rich
mond & Danville Railroad, promises to
have the corn transported at low rates.
Those who are interested in the move
ments of the beavenly planets are watch
ing for the grandest meteoric shower that
has occurred since 1833. It is expected
early in this month.
The star route ring are said to be very
greatly disappointed at the attitude of
President Arthur, who has expressed a
wish that the prosecutions be vigorously
trust fund amounts to
ST The Editor of Democrat, and the
Editor of the Home and Democrat, will
be at Union Superior Court for the pur
pose of making settlements with subscrib
Notice to Delinquents. Those who
4 are in arrears for the Charlotte Demo-
crat, and especially those whose papers
.have been discontinued, will please cal
at the Office and settle, or send the amount
due by mail. Those whose names have
been erased from the list of the Demo
crat or Home must settle up to the first
Notice to Teachers W. T. Waller, Supt. Public
instruction m Mecklenburg.
Torrence & Bailey, Commission Merchants.
Jeweler and Watch-Repairer W. A. Truslow
Rust Proof 8eed Wheat J. W. Wadsworth.
Desirable Property for Sale Apply to D. II.
Hill, or J. P. Strong or Frank Irwin.
City Property for 8ale Rufus Barringer, Agent
. and Attorney.
Monroe B. Caldwell with Hargraves & Wilhelm.
Turkeys, Geese, Cabbages, &c S. M. Howell.
Houses and Lots for Sale A. G. Brenizer Sec'y
Piedmont Family Flower S. M. Howell.
I - ! II . ' -
The South at the Funeral.
It has been stated that but two South
ern State were represented by Congress
men at the funeral services of President
Garfield, at Cleveland, Ohio, but we learn
from Maj. Dowd, who was present, that
all the Southern States were represented
by one or more of their Congressmen, ex
cept Georgia and Texas.
The following memorandum was kindly
furnished us by Major Dowd :
From Defaware was Senator Bayard; from
Maryland, Messrs Talbot and Urner, and perhaps
others. Virginia had Senator Johnson and Messrs
Dezendorf and Randolph .Tucker. Senator Ma-
hene did not go to Cleveland, but was in the pro-
cession in Washington, occupying a carriage with
Blair of New Hampshire and two other Republi
cans. From West Virginia was Senator Camden,
who, with Mr. Bayard, were guests of Mr. Henry
B Payne, who was said to be Tilden's candidate
for President at Cincinnati in 1830. He is a very
wealthy man, and occupies one of the finest resi
dences on Euclid Avenue ; was on the committee
of arrangement, and was quite conspicious on the
platform, but without badge- or regalia ; very
simple and quiet in appearance, and not unlike
the late Judge Boyden. From West Virginia
also was Mr. Wilson of the House, no is one of
the party who have lately- purchased the Deep
River Coal Mine property in Chatham county, in
this State, from Mr. Lawrence Haughton, uncle
of our clever townsmen, Thos. H. and Willie
Haughton. Another member from West Virginia
in the procession in Washington was Mr. Kenner.
He did not go to Cleveland, not being very well.
He was the youngest member of the last Congress,
being about 32. But this distinction in the next
House will belong to Mr Perry Belmont, son of
the noted banker and politician of New York
City. Young Mr. B. is exceedingly quiet and
modest in appearance, is about 27 years old, and
strikingly resembling Mr. James H. Ross, the
cashier of the Traders' National Bank. Missouri
had a good delegation, names not now recollected.
Kentucky was represented by Senator Beck, and
Tennessee by Senator Isham Q. Harris, the noted
Rebel Governor. From North Carolina was C.
Dowd, and from South Carolina that genial and
clever gentleman, Col. J. H. Evins, of Spartan
burg. From Mississippi was the gallant and
popular Chalmers of Vicksburgwho, foi several
terms, has represented what is called " The Shoe
String Dish of Mississippi." His seat is now con
tested by a negro. Alabama was nobly represent
ed by her two Senators Morgan and Pugh, and by
Mr Herbert of Montgomery. Louisiana was rep
resented by Senator Jonas of New Orleans.
Florida by Senator Jones of Pensacola, and Ar
kansas by Senator Garland, wbo is said to be the
best lawyer on the Democratic side and quite the
equal of Edmunds.
We again ask our delinquents to call
and pay their indebtedness to the South
ern Home. We have paid our money for
rent, labor, etc. to publish the paper which
you have read, and the debt stands on
our books as one of honor, for it is to that
alone we trusted for our pay. We
find subscribers who have' not paid for five
years, others three and two; we cannot
send the paper to such delinquents any
longer. Will you all look at your receipts
and ascertain to what year you are credit
ed and send the amount due and start
October, 1881, with the first numbers of
the new paper. We assure you the act
will afford you much pleasure and highly
gratifying to ourselves.
Repelling the charge that Virginians are indo
lent the Alexandria Gazette says: Of our own
personal knowledge we know men who were
raised in affluence and who never did a stroke of
work in their lives until impoverished by the war,
who, with their own unaided hands, have sowed
and reaped the crops that have sustained their
families; and what may seem incredible in the
North, there are Virginia ladies, educated at tne
most fashionable boarding schools, and who had
maids to do their every bidding before the war,
who have, since that time, plowed the ground
and planted and gathered corn crops with no as
We can cite several instances in other
places, one particularly .: Among one of the
surveying parties of the Macon & Brun
swick, Ga., Extension, there were nine
boys; of these, eight were graduates of
some university, with diplomas in their
pockets. They were working hard at $1
per day, and engaged iu the hardest of
manuel labor cheerful, ambitious, and
rather proud of their hard and rough work
than otherwise. Labor incurs no sacrifice
of culture or abatement of intellectual
force, and no man ought to stand higher
than he who lives by the "sweat of his
The New York Tribune pertinently
observes that the surest way of keeping
the standards of our journalism high, and
of raising them, is for that portion of the
public which knows the value and necessity
of a dignified and able press to withhold
its support altogether from newspapers
which cater to depraved tastes and are
reckless of the truth, and to give it to
newspapers which can safely be taken
into the family, and are not only decent
mm 1 1
At the funeral obsequies of President
Garfield at Cleveland, Ohio, we learn that
Chas. M. Busbee, Esq., of Raleigh, this
State, represented the Governor of Call
fornia. Mr. Busbee was in that section of
the country, at the time, attending an Odd
Fellows Convention, and was authorized
by the Governor of California to represent
him on the memorable occasion.
Mrs. Harriet B. Stowe has written a
new story. - We have heard of her saying
that had she to write Uncle Tom's Cabin
over again, she would give it a different
-mmm 1 1 mm
President Garfield was insured in
the Equitable Life Assurance Society, of
New York, for 125.000. The company
gave their check for the amount to be paid
to Airs, liarneld.
Director Swift, says a new comet ap
peared at the very hour President Gar
field was passing away. With the aid of
a good telescope four comets are now vis
ible, a circumstance unusual, Director
Swift adds, if cot protentous.
The bullet which was cut from Presi
dent Garfield's body at the autopsy is in
the custody of private secretary Brown.
It will be used in evidence at the trial of
Senator Platt, xf Connecticut, is suf
fering from cancer in the breast.
Ohaplotto Somo and ioatJcratOhaplotio, - 13.
The Atlanta Exposition.
Col. Wm. Johnston," of this city, has
recently been on a visit to Atlanta, and
gives a cheering account of the prospect
for an extensive exhibition and a large at
tendance. In answer to an inquiry of the
Observer reporter as to the prospect for a
good show of North Carolina products,
Col. -Johnston said :
" I am happy to sav that I have evenr reason
to believe that it will be good. I assured the gen
tlemen of the management that we would beat
the world in displays of minerals and of commer-'
cial herbs and roots. In the latter field the house
of Wallace Bros., Statesville, will make an ex-
uiuii ui instinct specimens, in tne deoart-
ment of ores and minerals and woods, we wijfl
also, I think, be first The State Agricultural de
partment Las devoted itself to the collection of
these last for a display at the exposition, sSid be
sides, it will make a handsome agricultural ex
hibit The Piedmont Air-Line also diawa exten
sively on North Carolina for its display : and in
iuia cuuuevuon jl wisn you wouia. say mat every
farmer in North Carolina ought to go to the ex
position BWere frost to see the growing crops o:
the ground if for nothing else- There are patches
of all the food and grass crops of the South,
besides cotton in every variety, not only of growth
and size, but of quality, of Southern and Oriental
productions. A very interesting feature of this
growing cotton exhibition is the fertilizer experi
ments, oide by side are rows or cotton cultiva
ted with different brands of commercial fertilizers,
and also rows without these forcing agents at all.
It is demonstrated right there that cotton cannot
be raised in the climate of North Georgia with
out them. Any Southern farmer who takes any
interest in his business would feel repaid for a
trip to Atlanta in seeing these practically useful,
as well as intensely interesting experiments."
The fuueral of President 4 Garfield took
place at Cleveland, Ohio, and was partici
pated in by the members of the Cabinet,
Governors of States, diplomatic represen
tatives from all the nations, army and
navy, members of both houses of Congress,
and thousands of other people. The fam
ily, including his aged mother, attended
the services at the pavilion, and the scenes
which they were called to witness must
have borne heavily upon the fortitude of
the Christian wife and mother. The body
was finally deposited in Lake View Ceme
tery at Cleveland, Ohio. The Cemetery
lies upon a high wooded ridge in the out
skirts of that city, overlooking the waters
of Lake Erie. It possessed peculiar at
tractions for President Garfield. The New
York Tribune says :
" Within sight of the highest ground in the
cemetery is the place where the farmer boy whom
destiny had marked for great achievements and
great su lering first saw the lake while chopping
wood to earn money to educate himself, and was
fitted by the sight of its restless shining waves to
know the great world and mingle in its large af
fairs. About ten miles to the south is the site of
the log-cabin where he was born, and there is still
standing the plain little frame house which he
and his brother built with their own hands for
their widowed mother when their sturdy toil had
lifted the family out of the pinching straits in
which it wa3 left by the death of their father.
Twenty miles to the east, on the same ridge upon
which the cemetery lies (an old shore or the laKe
in prehistoric times.) is the Mentor farm he loved
so well, and longed to see once more before death
closed his eyes foiever."
Dr. Talmage delivered a sermon last
Sunday on the death of the President,
closing with the remarkable suspicion that
Guiteau was a "Mormon avenger." Gar
field's inaugural made mention of the duty
of the United States to exterminate the
sect, and it was supposed he would bring
the matter before Congress, urging some
actions for wiping out the foul blot of our
country. Brigbam Young declared that
any one who destroyed the life of an anti-
mormon "does God a service." Guiteau
says he shot Garfield "in the name ot the
Lord;" he also said while he eat in the
park and practiced shooting at a mark, he
"done it in the name of the Lord." The
Mountain Meadow massacre was done "in
the name of the Lord," and it is said that
the Mormons were known to have desired
and secretly prayed for the death of Gar
field. The Mormons declared in their
church, long ago, that their bitterest ene
mies should perish, if not one way' then
another. Guiteau was a member of the
Oneida Community whose chief doctrine
was the right of a profusion of wives
there he may have imbided the spirit
of Mormon cruelty and murder. Perhaps
in the great day when all secrets are re
vealed it may be lound he was the paid
agent of the lecherous sect.
Amoxg the floral decorations of Presi
dent Garfield's coffin was a beautiful rep'
resentation of the "Gates Ajar;" at the
head was a magnificent wreath with suit
able inscription sent by Mrs. J. S. Carr,
Durham, N. C ; at the foot a similar one
of white flowers from the British embas
sy ; a present from the Queen of England,
with her message of condolence.
Gex. Longstrekt has been asked by
the Garfield Monument Commission to
confer with the managers of the Atlanta
Cotton Exposition and arrange for solicit
ing and forwarding collections to the fund
President Garfield died on the an
niversary of the battle of Chickamauga,
the great battle between Rosecranz and
Bragg. General Garfield was Rosecrauz's
m t mm
John Dawsox, ex-mayor, and the old
est citizen of Wilmington, died on the 29th
mm til mwrnm
. Gciteau's brother-in-law, George Sco
ville, has arrived at "Washington to defend
him in his trial.
Veterans of the 42nd Ohio Regiment
have offered to guard the vault of Presi
mm m mmm
The great exposition opened in Atlanta
on the 5tb inst., and will continue three
months. A month hence will be time
enough to visit it, and see the sights.
The mourning used to drape the public
and private buildings in New York, is to
be sold for the benefit of the sufferers by
the Michigan fires.
Two women, suspected of preparing to
make an attempt on the life of the Czar,
have been arrested.
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury,
Upton, whose salary is $1,500 a year, has
in a few years accumulated a farm worth
$10,000, block of houses $40,000, and $5 00,-
000 in U. S. Secureties.
The New Cabinet and Office-holders.
Washington correspondents speak of
J udge Settle of this State, in connection
with President Arthur's new Cabinet.
Hope he will get in. ,2Xa doubt there will
be a new Cabinet' out-and-out, except
probably Secretary Lincoln.
. The Washington correspondent of the
Goldsboro Messenger thus "prognosti
cates" about Federal officers in North
"Those who profess to know say that the guil
lotine is to be kept pretty busy after a while
ptith half-breed Federal officials. In North
Carolina 1 learn that several very important de
capitations will take place. '
Collector JSventt s head is marked. He is said
to have promised some lively revelations con
cerning Air. Commissioner Raum when he was
appointed. I he tune within-which he was to
furnish the information has passed, and he will
te called upon to submit his statement or resign
his little office. Wheeler would like to get his
old shoes back, but Billy Henderson thinks he
knows why the resumption will be impracticable.
Rumor is equally unfavorable for Mr. Canaday.
The fellow who fixed things for Mr. Sherman is
not the kind of kid to suit the purposes of Mr.
Arthur. Hence the Wilmington Collector of
Customs may wake up some frosty moraine and
find on his desk a formal request to "stand and
Another victim decked for sacrifice is our
blooming friend Nichols, the young Postmaster
at Raleigh young as a Postmaster, that , is to
say ; but fresh, rosy, smiling as the morn, as man
Anions: those who will probably hold their
grip is Mr. Samuel F. Phillips, Solicitor General.
He was put in by Grant, kept a little uneasy un
der Garfield, and by all the signs should have
favor with the powers that be. And yet only
two days ago a venerable Democrat assured me
that Mr. Phillips was as good a Democrat at
heart as any of us 1"
The Mecklenburg County Commissioners held
their monthly meetings this week. The main
business was auditing bills against the county.
Besides the usual aid to the outside Poor, the
following amounts were ordered to be paid :
For inquest 'over the little negro boy, Walter
Pemberton, the Coroner, was paid $34.70, Dr.
Wilder $10, and the jurymen $36 total $80.70
for the concern ; Rev. W. T. Waller for 12 days
as school sup't. $36; for boarding Jury on capi
tal case $26 ; Superior Court Clerk, half fees in
insolvent State cases, $491.86; for medical ser
vices at Poor House and Jail for September, $50;
J. O. Alexander, for building a Bridge across
four-mile Creek, $250; Jail fees for Sept., $171.15.
Messrs. Kendrick & Bikby made application
for license to retail spirituous and malt liquors in
the city, which application was refused. Several
other dealers presented applications, but these
were withdrawn by the attorneys for the dealers
before action was had by the board.
J. A. Wilson, W. A. Alexander and J. L.
Parks, committee, reported that they had found
necessary an entirely new bridge across Mc
Dow ell's Creek, where it is crossed by the Beat-
tie's Ford road, and that they had let out the
contract for such bridge for $350.
Upon the recommendation of Rev. W. T. Wal
ter, superintendent of public instruction of the
county, and the school committeemen within the
corporate limits of the city of Charlotte, that the
four school districts within the city limits be
consolidated, it was ordered by the board that the
recommendation be adopted, and that the four
wards of the city be known hereafter as one con
solidated school distict, with J. Asbury, J. E.
Brown and E. Nye Hutchison as school commit
teemen, and that C. Scott, E. J. Allen, W. B'
Nisbet and W. M. Wilson be conststuted a board
of advisers of said committee.
John Kuck resigned as school committeeman
in District No. 27, and Wm. Wallace was ap
pointed in his stead.
The board ordered that the report of the jury
which laid off a public road, commencing at or
near Dr. Sam'l Abernethy's, on the Tuckasege
road, and from thence to Rozzell's ferry road
at r near John Frazier's, be received and con
We purchased the Southern Home
last April, and we are proud to add that
our receipts during the summer months
were considerably larger than at any
corresponding time since General Hill's
administration. We are very thankful
for this liberal support and desire a
continuance of the same-, to enable us
to carry on our extended business. We
have Incurred a heavy debt and are wil
ling to expend time and labor to further
increase the usefulness of our new inter-
prise, as an advertising medium, that our
patrons may be reimbursed and prove the
wisdom of advertising.
There is now living within four miles of Tay
lorsville, Alexander county, a mother who has
given birth to six children in a few days over
thirteen months, two daughters ana iour sons,
They seem to have a strict eye to that old com
mand, multiply and replenish. Mercury.
We commend the above to the considera
tion of the farmer and Mechanic as a
valuable contribution to the elaborate
thesis it has published on the subject of
" Multiply and Replenish."
" Wanted The names of the Democratic
clerks in the Post Office Department appointed
since the present Republican Administration
came into power. Address, confidentially, Grand
Bounce, Republican office.
The above appeared in the Washington
Republican. Is it the straw to show the
Democratic majority in the Senate which
way the wind will blow ?
In answer to those who are asking if
Arthur will endorse the administration of
Garfield, they have only to recall the fact
of his putting himself in opposition to the
President while living. Surely he will not
hesitate nowr to serve those friends that
prompted his actions then.
Tiie colored people at the North are
quite indignant that they were assigned
no place on the committees in charge of
Of the three men from Ohio who have
occupied the Presidential chair, the only
one who served a full term, Hayes, was
not elected; Harrison died after serving
one month and Garfield seven mouths.
The Ohio State election takes
place next Tuesday, 11th inst. There
seems to be very little excitement on the
subject, which is favorable to the Demo
crats. A Columbus correspondent of the
New York Times says: "Should President
Arthnr show a disposition to be advised
or led by Senator Conkling, 30,000 Ohio
Republicans will stay away from the polls
on election day. the Democratic ticket will
be elected by a vote larger than that of
Bishop in 1877, the Legislature will be
under Democratic control, and the Demo
crats will gam Representatives in Con
A Washington correspondent of the
Goldsboro Messenger gives the following;
Sergeant Mason still says he intends to
kill the - assassin Guiteau. His trial by
court-martial was arranged for to-morrow.
Gen. Hancock has suspended the execu
tion of the order for the present. ;
Rumor has it that Mr." Conkling may
be tendered the vacaut place to be made
on the Supreme Court bench by the re
signation of Justice Hunt. The Clifford
vacancy will probably be filled by Chief
Justice Gray of Massachusetts.'
Among the candidates on the; Demo
cratic side : for the Secretaryship of the
Senate are the Hons. John G. Thompson
and Pierce Young, Col. L. Q. Washing
ton, and Mr, 1 lees 13. lidmondson -of Ten
nessee. CoL Shober will remain Chief
The suggestion has been made that pos
sibly Mr. Blaine would like to take
Lowell s place at London, and that the
thing would please the President. It is
about the best use to make of such in
flammable material. The stalwarts will
find more solid comfort in having Blaine
at the English Court than iii leaving him
in Maine to set up another game of Presi
CoL John H. Wheeler, the venerable
historian, although by no means in his
former, robust state of health, has im
proved recently in sight and strength. He
occasionally walks out alone. One day
last week, while crossing G street, near
the Patent Office, he was knocked down
by the tongue of a passing wagon, . but
happily was not injured.
Comparative Cotton Statement. :
The following is the cotton statement
for the week ending Sept. 30:
. 1881. ,1880,
Net receipts at all U. S. ports, 132,113 170,544
Total receipts to this date, 420,716 456.292
Exports for the week, 68.286 86,042
Total exports to this date, 199,086 204,703
Stock at all U. S. ports, 382,655 312,495
8tock at all interior towns, 51,869 46,937
Stock at Liverpool, 655,000 395,000
Stock of American afloat for
Great Britain, 102,000 85,000
New Orleans, Oct. 1. The Democrat
nas received tne iouowmg teiegrapnic re
I. n 11 1 t "
ports from all parts of the South, giving a
full account of the condition of the cotton
crop, to date :
Alabama. There were light rains dur
ing the week, but no damage has been
done to cotton; picking is progressing
rapidly and about two-thirds of the crop
has been already gathered ; worms have
done considerable damage; about three-
fourths of a crop will be made.
Arkansas. The weather is fine and
picking is progressing rapidly ; cotton is
coming in last, and - is being shipped to
market ; the crop will be almost a failure.
Florida. The weather is good and pick
ing is progressing ; about one-half ot the
crop has been already gathered.
Georgia. -The weather is very favor
able, but the condition of the crop is bad
as compared with last year, and the qual
ity is not as good ; the increased acreage
is five per cent. ; the crop" is being gather
ed rapidly, about one-third having been
Louisiana. There has been no change
in the condition ot the cotton crop ; the
weather is fine for picking, and in some
parts of the State nine-tenths of the cotton
has already been gathered. In the North
ern portion of the State only one-third of
a crop will be raised, and some parishes
will not produce more than one bale to fif
teen acres; the crop is being shipped to
market as fast as possible.
Mississippi. The weather is favorable
for picking, and all cotton will be gather
ed by November 1st; the yield will be
only half a crop ; it is being marketed
jHf Ex-President Davis was written
to by two little Mississippi girls asking
him to prepare a school history of the
United States. Mr Davis does not prom
ise to comply but says he will bear their
request in mind. He says:
"I have long desired to see a school history
which would do justice to ur people and ances
tors, and urged the late Dr. Bledsoe to undertake
the work. He died without doing bo, and I
know of no living man as well able to perform
Mr. Davis has never examined, we sup
pose, Mr. Alexander Stephens's excellent
School History of the United States, or be
would not have failed to tell the two little
girls that the South possessed already a
work such as they desired him to prepare.
mm 1 1
Uradstreefs latest cotton report
places th6 yield at 34 per cent. less than
last year. The decrease by States is sum
marized as follows : North Carolina and
Virginia, 37 per cent.; South Carolina,
39.8 ; Georgia and Florida, 2.88 ; Alabama
24.7; Mississippi, 28.6; Louisiana, 30.6;
Texas, 39.4; Arkansas, 54.8; Tennessee,
1 1 mm .
Miss Anna Harkness, of Boston
the young lady who was awarded the first
prize for violin playing at the Paris con
servatoire, is the daughter of a paper
carrierat the South End, Boston. Her
parents are naturally in the most moderate
circumstances, and it is claimed that the
father has deAOted all his earnings for the
last twelve years to his daughter s musica
education. Her present triumph is t
sweet reward for his devotion.
ESif" It is perfectly sickening to read in
the newspapers about murderers and bur
glars and highway robbers and rapists
being sent to the penitentiary for two, five
and ten years. I here is a way to f top
crime, and it should be put into execution.
Let the capital criminal be tried within
thirty days after the offence, and if con
demned, let him be executed three days
thereafter, society is not bound to allow
criminals ample time to prepare for death.
If it is, it ought to give every murderer at
least twenty years, for he needs it. So
ciety should take the steps for preventing
crime, and if criminals understand that
death certain and immediate awaits every
villian who commits a capital felony, they
Ml 1 . 1? . 1 . lt 1 t" it
win Degin 10 realize mat aitnougu ims is
a free country, nevertheless it is a country
of law. J?ayettevule Mxaminer.
The Weather. Tennor, who, by the
way, is a young man, if the picture we
have seen ol him is correct, gives the fol
lowing diagnosis of the weather for Octo
ber. It is printed as an item of news
October Entering cold and wet; heavy
rains during the first week, with probably
snowfalls in many sections between the
7th and 10th. Cold and wintry weather
on the 14th and 16th. Warmer . weather
on the 18th, 19th and 20th. Wet every
other day lor tne rest ot tne month."
C3y Rev. E. H. Harding, pastor of the Second
Presbyterian Church of this city,' has tendered
his resignation to the Board of Elders and' Dea
cons. - Mr. Harding has been popular in this com
munity among all denominations. C 1 1 f ' -
It will be seen by the proceedings of the
County Commissioners that they refused to
recommend any one for license to retail liquor hi
the city or county. Query ; Can the city authori
ties grant license without the permission of the
County Commissioners f . i '
Another Robbery. The dwelling house of
Mr. A. L Walsh, in the 1st Wardr .was. entered"!
by a thief or thieves on Tuesday night last,; and
robbed of about $15 in money and clothing, &c
Mr. Walsh thinks that the house was entered by
turning the inside key from the outside with
some instrument : Another dwelling in the same
neighborhood was robbed on Monday night In
stead of keeping all the Police about the Public
Square, why not let Bome of them do service ' in
t3f Instead c! the last 'Legislature relieving
the tax-payers of some of the burdens cf Inquest
Juries, they have been added to by the provision
requiring the payment of Jurors. In counties
like Mecklenburg "where inquests are frequent.
the expenses are becoming intolerable. The jury
men alone, in, the.recent case ot. the little negro
Pemberton, cost the county $36. ".Y
tW The paper used for this issue of the Hoacs
and Democrat is a little too 'small; a larger
size will be used at an early day, and the appear
ance improved. '' . " n . v- i ,
t3f At the prize drill of the Hornets "Nest
Riflemen, on Wednesday night, Sergeant EVW.T.
Keuster was pronounced the champion and
awarded the Plume. ;,, ,- r ; ! '
After some very warm weather, there was
a sudden change Tuesday night, the thermometer
was down to 55 in the house. A very consider
able change. ,, .... : , ,,'.,.-; 1
E5" Bird-hunters can operate in Mecklenburg
after the 1st of October. The prohibition against
hunting expired on that day in this county. ' In
most other counties in the State the prohibition
extends to 1st of November. ' '
tWThe fast driving of droves of mules through
Tryon and Trade streets is not only! dangerous
but a positive nuisance. Why will the Mayor
allow it after his attention has been called to the
matter ? ' ' : , , i-
Miss Louise Clarke, who was here last
season as an elocutionist and reader, has exchang
ed her dramatic pursuits for a practical business,
and has opened a large millinery store at West
Point, Georgia. We hope she may make a suc
cess in her new business for she is energetic and
OF" The improvements on Mr. J. W. Wads-
worth's Livery Stables will make the establish
ment one of the largest in the South. Wadsworth
is a go-aneaa man. .
JSP The dwelling house of Mr. W. C. Morgan,
on West Tryon street, is an elegant building not
very large, but fine and neat, with nice premises
When we receive an official postal card
with Your paper directed to is not taken
out of this office," we invariable find the man
owes a long term and is ashamed to write him
self. We received one from Mint Hill, and re-
ferine: to our books found the subscriber was in
our debt $10 50. A pretty laree chanty contrlbu
tion for a newspaper man. We suggest that the
press retain all such and make a yearly collection
to be published in each paper that no one else
need he swindled. - - , -
Gov. Vance makes a stirring appeal to the.
people on railroad matters, in the Observer, which
we have not room for comments. . .
In the change of books many mistakes
and omissions may have occurred, which we will
take pleasure in rectifying if notified.
CST The merchants of Richmond, Va., have
formed a "Commercial Club," and propose to
extend its hospitalities to friends during the York-
town Centennial. Many thank? for its kind con
In this county, Sharon Township, on the 29th
ult., Mr. W. if. Koss and Miss M. T. F lannigan.
InNewbern, on the 27th ult., Dr. Chas. Duffy,
Jr., and Miss Sophia B. Moore, daughter of the
late wm. V. Moore.
In Union county, on the 26th ult, by Leander
m. secrest, .usq., iur. Memphis iselk and Miss
In Monroe, on the 28th ult, by Rev. J. K
King, Mr. W. A. Blakeny and Miss Lou Mc
Manus, daughter of John Q. Manus, Esq.
At Amity Hill, Iredell county, on the 22d ult,
by the Rev. E. F. Rockwell, Mr. John M. Pope
of Hickory, and Miss Margaret Leonora Wither-
In Iredell county, on the 24th ult . Mr. Wm
A. dunter and Miss Minnie Adams, daughter of
tne late w uson Adams.
In Beaufort on the 25th ult. Rev. J. T. Ar-
rington, pastor of the Methodist Church of that
In Union county, on the 6th ult, Julia Gribble,
daughter of Dr. W. H. Gribble, aged 12 years
and a montns. -
In Salisbury, on the 23d ult, Mrs. J. F.
Maloney, aged 22 years.
In Iredell county, on the 15th ult. of consump
tion, Miss Ella Hunter, daughter of the late
In Rowan county, on the 29th ult, Gilbert,
son ol ueo. it McNeilL
In Lancaster county, S. C, on the 26th ult,
Mrs. jsuzabetn ts. iiuey, mother ol Mr. James u.
lliiey, aged 74 years.
In Polk couDty, at the Prince Gold Mine, on
the 2d inst, Mr. John E. Chapman, aged 20
years, son of Mr. Kobt. is. Chapman of this city
Frank Davis, Esq., member of the Legislature
from Madison. '
CHARLOTTE MARKET. Oct. 6, 1881.
Cotton has been coming in pretty freely, and
former prices are well maintained. Good Mid
dling U, Middling 11, Low Middling 10,
Stains and Tinges 7 to 9. Some. lots have
brought higher figures than the above, but our
quotations are about the average rates. Market
steady and quiet .
Flour still keeps up and in demand. From the
country Mills, by the sack, $4 for best grade. No
Wheat offering. .
A alight decline in Corn and Meal since it ap
pears that the scarcity is not going to be so great
as heretofore predicted.' $1 per bushel from
wagons is about the rate this week, with declin
ing tendency. , ;
Sweet Potatoes from the country 80 cents to
$1 per bushel. Richmond potatoes from stores
$3.50 per barrel. The stock of Irish Potatoes In
store is pretty large. ; ,-. - ;.
Bacon Sides from stores 11 by the box, and
12 by retail. -
Fresh country Butter SO cents per pound, and
in demand ; Eggs 20 cents per dozen ; Chickens
18 to SOall in demand. 1
' Otto" Markets.' ,
NEW YORK, Oct 6, 1881.
Cotton quiet Middling Uplands 11.13-16, Or-
Mis 12.1-16. -
LIVERPOOL, Oct 6, 1881
Cotton easy at 7.9-16 pence for Middling Up
Mabvist Pleads Guilty. Richmond.
5. The case of Marvin, the
.1 ., . -. rt - .
uu i mr uuu pectea termina
conrt to-day. , When arraigned on
;e of forgery, he ; pleaded guilty.
v was then nwnrn in tc dorOa.,. u -
J , - - - -WIB tUU
punishment which was fixed at five years
penitentiary. A similar punishment '
so allotted him. for bigamy, he hay-
. . l - i .
guuiy w tuts cuarge, inaiung
x in prison 10 years. i . . ,
Marvin is the scoundrel who married
and fooled Miss Turpin, of Richmond, and
ten or twelve other ladies in various parts
of the countrv. . ' '!. vtui': .-f so
Frksztng and Snow ur New Eno-
T.ATflTl F?rktrr (f . R T)ianftt.r.llP fpnm
all parts of New England indicate the.
thermometer below;- f reeaing point" and
considerable damage done to the crops.
: i C?l 'iTT.'.-. "W - - ''Ti-'vlllll'-'!.!'' !L
( DTOWB, V C, JCU O. At uegau IU BUOW
here this forenoon "and lruit is frozen on
thetreesl - r-
Jib- G6v. Mosia charged with obtaining
money under falsi preten m.Nkw York, .
Oct, 4. Ex-Gov. , Moses, of . South . Caro
lina,7 who is charged with obtaining money
by false pretenses from WmfE. Hall, was
arraigned in court to-aay. umer com
plaint was made against him by John D.
Townsend, counsel for the society "for the
prevention of crime,' who': accused him of
swindling him out of money, on the plea of
iurnisning Air. xownsena witn .some valu
able papers touching the election frauds at
the South. Hit is thought that.other com-
piamis against ex-iov. .osesj.wuj oe
forthcomingV ; l . T frtvt
0 - A ' Curious1' RKiiQious 'JTrknzt'". A
singular religious frenzy 'has broken out
in Nicaragua The people affected be
lieve themselves the recipients of , Divine
communications. , Whenever; a - person
ieeis me inspiration oi a communication,
he rushes to the church" and; rings the
bell and the whole population? assembly
fQ near me message irotn.on nign.,.: .
8ir A nesro went home, from a Geor
gia camp meeting in a state of ecstasy,
declared that he was, going to heaven by
the way of a tall tree that crrewin the
door-yard, climbed to a height of seventy
feet, and then undertook to fly the rest of
the journey. The fall killed him. , a I
Notice to Teachers. ':f
Thursday, the 13th instant, is the day set anart
by law for examination of applicants for. Teach
ers' certificates. . All such are notified to be pres
ent on that day. - !f j';;'-- -
s W. T. WALLER,
Supt. Pub. In. for Mecklenburg.
Oct. 7, 1881. lw : V :.; . i; :.r v.'- '
I have 350 Bushels Rust-Proof. Wheat for sale.
cleaned, ready for seeding.
J. W. WADSWORTH,
Oct 7, 1881. " . lw - i s Charlotte, N. C.
MONROE B. CALDWELL
Hargraves & Wilhelm,
Wholesale and retail dealers in Ready-Made
Clothinsr, Staple and Fancy Dry Goods, Boota,
Shoes, Hats, Caps, Notions, Trunks, Valises,.
Gents' Furnishing Goods, &c., Smith Building, .
Oct 7, 1881. - 2w V , ' .Charlotte, N. C.
W. A. TRUSLOW, ,
Jeweler and Watch Repairer,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.; V
Respectfully announces that, having succeeded
E. J. Allen, in the Watch and Jewelry business,
he has just added to hia stock of ; . -.
Watches, Jewelry, Silverware,
CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &c, -
And he hopes by close attention to business and
fair dealing to merit a share of patronage. .'
ZP Fifteen years constant experience' in the
WATCH REPAIRING Department enables
him to fully warrant every Watch entrusted to
him. 7 v r- -
Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street,
near the Square. , '
Oct 7,1881. tf , v '
City Property for Sale.
At auction, at the courthouse, on TUESDAY
the 1st of November, 1881, 1 will sell the follow-'
ing houses and lots : - -v..
1. A front and hack Int nn nraham au -a
joining the lots of M. E. Alexander and others.
.rarcu v lias a email improvement on it And two
vacant lots on Pine street, adjoining W. B. Taylor
and others. . . ; . .. : ? - - -
2. The McLean house and lot, on Tenth and B
- Tkrvts? One-third nsVi mnA
- - . , buv inutuiQUU
one and two years' credit, with interest at eieht
. RUFUS BARRINGER,
' ASeni and Attorney for owners.
Oct 7,1881. tf -
SALE OF HOUSES AND LOTS
In the City of Charlotte.
By virtue of a Mortgage made by H. T. Butler
and L. L. Butler, to the Mutual Building and
Loan Association, registered in Book 267 pae
392, 1 will sell at the Court House door in Char
lotte, at public auction, on Saturday, the 5th of ;
November, 1881, one HOUSE and LOT on 4th
street, adjoining the property of B.T.Wheeler
and Mrs. Jackson, 54 feet front on 4th street and
running back 186 feet - : ,. ,
Also, one other HOUSE and LOT known as
Lot No. 213, in square 31 at the corner of 6th
and Pine streets, fronting72feeton 5th street and
running back 124 feet Terms cash. .
A. G. BRENIZER. .
Oct 7, 1881..' 4w SeCy. andTreasurer,
v TORRENCE & BAILEY,
College Street, Chaelottb, N. C, '
Handle Grain, Flour, Bran, && Cotton stored
and sold. r .-
- Oct 7, 1881. 6m. ; ': , ' .
Some very desirable property- in the city of
w. x a uuuov niiu 4 moms, in a large yard.
beautifully shaded with-Elm, trees; Well oi
waier wm every convenience usually desired :
located on Trade street, near the Air Line Depot.
Apply to Gen. D.H. Hill, Fayetteville, Ark.' ;
No. 2 An English Cottage with 8 rooms, in a
very quiet, desirable part of the city j, good Well
of water, Gas, and all necessary out-buildines.
Apply to Gen. D. H. Hill. A
No. 3 A large family residence, on Tryon
street, opposite J. L. Morehead's. It contains 10
rooms, has a spacious yard, and handsome
grounds. l-r--w .
Apply to Gen. D. H. Hill, of to 3. P. Strong,
Editor Home and Democrat, or Mr. Frank Irwin
at City Mills, Charlotte. N.C. , .
ct7,188L 'r. tf. ; :
Turkeys, Geese, ?
Fresh country Chickens, Apples, Cabbage, OAT
MEAL, and Richmond Sweet Potatoes by the
barrel. ' '.V '
Oct. 7, 188L V ' I : 8. L HOWELL.
All the popular Patent Medicines
are for sale by
. WILSON & BURWELL.
Housekeepers take Notice.
The finest assortment of first class Fancy Gro
ceries in Charlotte, among which are many arti
cles new for this market, have just been received
March 18,1831. . ; PERRY'S.
'L - -f