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OLD SERIES : VOLUME XXX.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1881.
VOLUME XI. NUMBER 516
Charlotte Home and Democrat,
Published every Fhipat bt
J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor.
Terms Two Dollars for one year. "
k- One Dollab for six months.
Subscription price due ia advance.
"Entered at the Poet Office in Charlotte. N.
C, as second class matter," according to the
rules of the P. O. Department
ROBERT GIBBON, M. D ,
. CHARLOTTE, N. C,
(Office corner 5th and Tryon Streets,)
Tenders his professional services to the public,
as a practical Surgeon. Will advise, treat or
peraie in an tne different departments of Bur-
arch 5, 1881.
Dr. JOHN EL Mc ADEN,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Has on hand a large and well selected stock of
PURE DRUGS, Chemicals, Patent Medicines.
Family Medicines, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye
Stuffs, Fancy and Toilet Articles, which he is de
termined to sell at the very lowest prices.
Jan 1, 1879.
DR. T. C. SMITH,
Druggist and Pharmacist,
Keeps a full line of Puie Drugs and Chemicals.
White Lead and Colors, Machine and Tanners'
Oils, Patent Medicines, Garden seeds, and every
thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he
will sell at low prices.
March 28, 1879.
J. P. Mc Combs, M. D .,
Offers his professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
both night and day, promptly attended to.
Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite
the Charlotte Hotel.
Jan. 1, 1873.
DR. J. M. MILLER,
Charlotte, N C.
All calls promptly answered day and night.
Office over Traders' National Bank Residence
opposite W. R. Myers'.
Jan. 18, 1878.
DR. M. A. BLAND,
D en t i s t,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Praetioe Limited to the
EYE, EAR AND THROAT.
March 18, 1881.
A. BCBWBIX. P. D. WALKER.
BURWELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts,
Office adjoining Court House.
Nov 5, 1880.
WILSON & BURWELL,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
. Trade Street, Chabxotte, N. C,
Have a large and complete Stock of everything
pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they
invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale
Oct 7, 1880.
HALES & WARRIOR,
Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers,
Charlotte, N. C,
Keeps a full stock of handsome Jewelrv. and
Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair
Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c,
done promptly, and satisfaction assured.
Store next to Springs' corner building.
July 1, 1879.
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Grocers and Provision Dealers,
Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar. Molasses.
SvruDS. Mackerel. Soaos. Starch. Meat. Lard.
Hams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c, which we
offer to both the Wholesale and Retail trade. All
&re invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar
Jan 17, 1880.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Groceries, Provisions, &c,
College Street t Charlotte, N. C
Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Ca'sh,
and buys Country Produce at
highest market price.
tSP Cotton and other country Produce sold on
commission and prompt returns made.
Nov. 1, 1881.
Cotton Buyer and General Commission Merchant.
In Sanders & Blackwood's Building,
North College St , Charlotte, N. C.
March 2B, iai.
H. W. HARRIS,
Attorney at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in the Henderson building, nearly oppo
site uoun nouse.
Sept 8, 1881. 8mpd
Charlotte Marble Works.
W. G. BERRYHILL,
Charlotte, N. C,
Dealer m MONUMENTS, TOMBS & GRAVE
. v STONES, ' and j MARBLE-WORK
of every description.
: Having just returned from the North, where
raiwhOAH lam aAHmpnr f1 finA Ifnnnm anr a
Marble Blabs, and a good assortment of Stone ia
my line, I am prepared to offer lair terms to suit
and guarantee satisfaction. -1 have in my employ
some or roe oesi workmen 10 d iouna in the
Southern States. W. G. BERRYHILL.
Sept 16. 1881. ' 3mpd
Peas and Pea Meal.
The very best food for horses and cows. For
Aug. 19.1881,..; ' r. :
Central Hotel Barber Shop.
GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen
tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonsorial Art in its
various branches: He and bis assistant Artists
are well known for their skill that it needs no
multiplicity of words to Inform the public where
bearda i can be shaved smoothly and hair cut ' and
dressed m fashionable style and "with dispatch.'
Give him a trial. , GREY TOOLE
July 29, 1881. Under Central Hotel!
The following hymn was Bang at the
uneral services of President Garfield and
was a great favorite of his during his life :
Ho, reapers of life's harvest 1
Why stand with rusted blade.
Until the night draws round thee
And day begins to fade;
Why stand ye idle, waiting
For reapers more to come ;
The golden morn is passing,
Why sit ye idle, dumb?
Thrust in your sharpened sickle,
And gather in the grain.
' . The night is fast approaching,
And soon will come again.
The Master called for reapers,
" And shall he call in vain :
Shall sheaves lie there ungathered,
And waste upon the plain?
Mount up the heights of wisdom,
And crush each error low ;
Keep back no words of knowledge
That human hearts should know.
- Be faithful to thy mission
In service of thy Lord,
And then a golden chaplet
Shall be thy just reward.
Notice to Tax-Payers
OF MECKLENBURG COUNTY.
The Tax Books have been placed in mv hands.
and I will attend at the times and places men
tioned below, for the purpose of collecting the
State and County Taxes for 1881 :
Steel Creek, Monday, Oct. 3rd, 1881.
Berryhill.Collins'Store, Tuesday, " 4tb, "
aw (jreeK, Wednesday, 5th, "
Long Creek, Thursday " 6th, "
Lemley's, Friday, " 7th, -
Davidson College, Monday, " 10th, "
Huntersville, Tuesday, " 11th, "
Mallard Creek, Wednesday," 12th, "
Crab Orchard, Thursday, " 13th, "
Clear Creek, Monday, " 17th, "
Morning Star, Tuesday " 18th, M
rovidence, Wednesday," 19th, "
Sharon, Thursday, " 20th, "
Pineville, Friday, " 21st, "
The Taxes for the present year must be paid
promptly, and all those who are in arrearages for
past years must meet me at these appointments
and settle if they would save costs.
Jfersons living in Charlotte Township will find
myself or Deputy always in the Office ready to
settle. M. E. ALEXANDER.
Sept. 30, 1881. 4w Sheriff.
ALEXANDER & HARRIS
Are now opening a very large and beautiful
LADIES' NECKWEAR, a tremendous stock
of Table Linens, all grades. A large stock of
Marseilles Omits. All kinds of Flannels .Basket,
Opera and Plain.
Tbej are making a specialty of
'or Gentlemen and Youths, this season.
They have Hoop-Skirts, White Goods. Laces,
Embroideries of all kinds, and other goods too
numerous to mention
Remember we have a large stock of Carpets ;
also cheap Csssimeres, Jeans, &c, for pants and
Bgr "Foster" Kid Gloves, patented June 13th,
1878. Ask for a pair of the Foster Kid Gloves,
the best in the market.
ALEXANDER & HARRIS.
Sept 30. 1881.
J. C. Burroughs
Offers to the public the celebrated
Universal and Star Cotton Gins-
Sept. 23, 1881. 2m.
From all persons indebted to me for Fertilizers,
I will receive Middling Cotton, at 12J cents per
J. U. UUKKJUUM.
Sept 30, 1881. 4w
A lot of the improved Griswold Gins, made by
O. W. Massey of Macon, Ga., just received and for
sale by J. MCLiAUUULiIJN, Agent.
Aug. 26, 1881.
Bushels SEED RYE for sale
SPRINGS & BURWELL.
Sept. 16, 1881
Call at Kyle & Hammond's Hardware House
and examine their "Dexter Corn Shellers" and
"Feed Cutters" the latest and best out. Also,
new style adjustable Iron Foot Plow Stocks, a
great improvement on those sold in this market
We have a heavy 8tock of Steel Plows, Clevises
Single Trees, Steel and Iron Harrow Teeth, Heel
rews, Gross Rods, &c, which we can and will
sell to the Farmers at prices lower than they can
possibly afford to make them. .
Jan. 1, 1881. iiiljiii SB UAMMUrilJ.
We have a complete stock of Blacksmiths'
Tools of the best quality and at prices that will
put them within the reach of every Farmer.
JNOV. 1,1880. JV.xlj.Ej oS JiAMMUJNJJ.
A complete Stock of Rubber Belting, Rubber
and Hemp Packing. Also, all sizes and kinds of
Rope at bottom prices.
Nov 1, 1880. KYLE & HAMMOND.
Train up a Child in the way he should go"
If you send your daughter to the
WILLIASIST0N FEMALE COLLEGE,
She will be trained in the habit of concentrat
ED ATTENTION TO ONE PBINCIPAI. PUB8UIT at a
time, and she will not be trained for the Bab, the
stump or the stage.
Fall Session opens August 1st, 1881.
Rev. S. LANDER,' Pres't,
July 22, 1881. ;
Administrators' Notic e.
Having qualified as Administrator on the Es
tate of Uapt Alexander liner, notice is hereby
given to all persons indebted to the Estate of said
Alexander Uner to maxe immediate settlement ;
and all persons having claims against said Estate
must present them for payment within the time
prescribed by law, or this notice will be pleaded
in bar of their recovery. J. u. swainw,
Sept 9, 1881. fwpd Administrators,
Carriages, Phaetons, Buggies, &c.
I have a good
of the latest
style & superior
Call and exam
ine the work.
'A CHAS: WILSON, sk.;
in front of Sanders is Blackwood's Warehouse,
Jan 14, 1881 yr Charlotte, N. C.
An Eloquent Flea for Honest Dealing.
A poor man's credit is of inestimable
value to him, and without it be can do bat
Utle. A Dae of cotton is of little moment
in a life time. Act honestly. Surrender
all that you have promised, and more. too.
if necessary. Stand to your merchant in
this extremity, and even if he is unable to
help you again, your honest act will inspire
confidence in another, who will appreciate
the worthy act on your part, and will be
ready to help you when help is needed.
With us "all is lost save honor." ' Let us
not now lose that. It is our only source
of credit, and without credit we are un
done. Let no man who deserts his crop,
or leaves it to the merchant to crather.
again hold up his head or lay claim to
horoesty. Let the poor men of this country
rum their credit. It is bad policy, to
say nothing of bad principles. The dis
honest actionbf every man will be noted,
and in after years the dishonest man will
be brought to shame, while the man who
withstands the present temptation has
forever established an honorable record, of
which his children's children may well be
proud. In a country like this no indus
trious honest man will go hungry, even
though he be penniless, nor will the seed
of righteous suffer for food. Let the most
discouraged citizen gather his crop and
surrender it. Then he must work a little
more industriously, live a little more econo
mically, and encourage the hope which
prompts us to make the efforts which finally
secure a competency. Let no man sacri
fice his honor, or give up to disgrace him
self and his children for the sake of a store
bill. There is no man in Abbeville who
cannot survive the loss of a crop. Many
have lost more than that, and still pre
served their good name. Abbeville IS.
There is no difficulty in cutting glass
with a red hot iron. The method is very
simple, and to those who have failed with
the recipes usually published (strings wet
with turpentine and set on fire ; friction
with strings, etc.) the results are rather
surprising. We have never found auy
difficulty in cutting off broken flasks so as
to make dishes, or to carry a cut spiral
round a long bottle so as to cut it into the
form of a cork-screw. And, by the way,
when so cut, glass . exhibits considerable
elasticity, and the spiral may be elongated
like a ringlet. 1 be process, as we have
just said, is very simple. The iron rod (a
common poker answers very well) should
be somewhat pointed, and the line along
which the cut is to be made should be
marked by chalk or by pasting a thin
strip of paper alongside of it ; then make
a file mark to commence the cut; apply
the hot iron and a crack will start ; and
this crack will follow the iron wherever
we chose to lead it. In this way jars are
easily made out of old bottles, and broken
vessels oi ainerent Kinds may De cut up
into new forms, flat glass may also be
cut into the most intricate and elegant
A boy of twelve, dining at his
uncle's made such a good dinner that his
auntie obser' id : "Johnny, you appear to
eat well." "Yes," replied the urchin,
"I've .been practicing eating all my life."
Cotton Gins Insured
AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE.
The undersigned is ready to issue Policies of In
surance on Cotton Ums or Mills run either by
steam or water. This ia an important matter to
farmers and owners of Gins and Mills, and their
attention is especially called to it.
Sept, 9 1881. Agent
Halt ! Read ! Ponder !
The Drought, so universally prevailing both in
North Carolina and the upper portion of South
Carolina, are themes for your most serious con
sideration, when making this J! all s Jf urcbases.
To buy light is the great point : but to buy light
and at lowest prices is almost an impossibility 10
Northern markets. Tnere - Uuantity Kules
Prices." but you have a "Home Market" where
your purchases, however small, will be appreciat
asI f IViovli-htto ia waiii hnma martot on1 W i 1 1
kowsky & Baruch s the House.
VI. Vliuiivikv .0 V WU. . . U Ui v uam. nv. IWU It ...
In purchasing of us you avoid the danger of the
"Brisk Trade Infection" of the North, and are
less liable to be wrecked on "This Year's most
dangerous Rock of Overbuying." You can from
us make up your assortment with half the amount
that you can at me jxorth. mere you nave to
buy from a dozen or more bouses, each one of
whom worries you into buying more Goods than
you want ; here you can get your whole stock
iruui us iu as BLaan tjuauinicsiu jruu pietuse.
We present you a Stock in value of over $200,
000 to make your selections from, and from our
large experience, ample capital and superior
facilities, we assert our ability to cope with any
We manufacture our own Clothing and had
manufactured for us specially our Boots and Shoes
aDd Uats, and therefore not only otter you upe
rior Goods, but at less price than others.
All our Stocks are now complete, and we hope
our old customers and new ones will avail them
selves this season of their "Own Home Market."
WITTKOWSKY & BARUCH.
Sept. 9, 1881. Charlotte, N. C.
Hargraves & Wilhelm.
Our Fall Stock is now complete, and the hand
somest and cheapest ever offered in this market.
It embraces a full line of Silks, Satins and Surahs,
in all shades and qualities.
' Our Stock of Dress Goods and Dress Trim
mings is the most varied and attractive ever
seen in this city.
Ulsters, Walking Jackets, and Children's Cloaks,
in all qualities and shades.
Shawls. Balmorals. Repellants, Cloakings, Oi
Cretonnes. Worsted Fringes, to match. Velvets,
Velveteens. Plush, &c.
- A complete line of Flannels, Cassimeres, Da
masks and Towels.
A large assortment of Ladies' and Gents' Neck
We have an immense stock of
Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing,
That we are selling at extremely low prices. .
All we ask the public and our patrons is to give
our stock a careful inspection. I bey will nna
the greatest variety and cheapest stock of Goods
ever snown in in is place.
We will save you money by calling to see us.
. All-wool Plain Black Bunting at 15 cents.
HARGRAVES & WILHELM.
Sept 80. 1881.
' ; Mosquito Notts!
A large variety, just received, very cheap at
BARRINGER & TROTTER'S.
July 23, 1881. ,.: y
Among sign beliefs two distinct classes
are observable.- The first - includes those
that have some foundation of fact,' and
are suggested fey real occurrences, while
the second embraces an immense number
of utter absurdities, mostly relics of that
profound superstition whose dominion was
once well nigh universal.
There are many signs which modern
thought respects, without submitting
them to scientific investigation, believing
them to be so rude as to be unadaptable
to present times.
But this is a mistake. For those who
originated them were without our scien
tific machinery and thus, from necessity,
very keen observers. . ; Ages before the
barometer was invented people foretold
the approach of storms by the effect which
change in atmospheric density had upon
their systems". ' And to-day a limb through
which a bullet has passed so as to leave a
permanent imperfection, is, when scien
tifically observed, a perfect weather
guide, the part thus made weak and deli-
te being fully as sensible to atmos
pheric "conditions as either mercury or
spirit. Birds ot passage were anciently
considered good season guides, their gen
eral migrations indicating that winter or
spring was at hand. Careful observation
proves this sign is nearly always true, as
these interesting travelers seem to be en
dowed with a prophetic perception that
invariably tells when their time for seek
ing another climate has arrived.
An immense number of sign beliefs are
connected with the moon, and this planet
gets the credit of very nearly governing
the affairs oi our globe. Most of these
signs are without loundation, and those
which invest our satellite with the func
tions of weather-governor are especially
so, years of record-keeping having demon
strated to the writer that lunar phases
and positions have nothing whatever to
do with our weather, except through the
slight influence they may have on atmos
pheric density by producing very high or
ow tides. A little reflection shows that
unar influence could not possibly direct
an earthly, storm. Thus, were such a dis
turbance caused or sustained by the full
moon, it is evident the storm would ex
tend to all places on which the full moon
shines, which includes the entire globe ;
and such a storm could not occur. Our
atmosphere is incapable of producing it.
All storms of wind or ram are the results
of chemical agitation among materials
above our heads, and always imply an
opposite condition in adjacent localities.
A storm may traverse an entire continent,
but will always leave a calm behind,' and
never extend over a very large tract cf
territory at any one time.
On the other hand, the sign which says
a luminous circle about the moon, denotes
an approaching storm is eminently correct,
the circle being a refraction of lunar rays,
caused by that misty formation wb:ch
always precedes an important storm. It
has also been proven that moolight makes
the air colder. Place two thermometers
near by, one in moonlight and one iu
shade, and they will often show a differ
ence of one or two degrees in favor of that
on which Diana does not shine.
In some pre-historic age an important
comet made its debut while two kings
were preparing to settle their disputes in
bloody war ; and the misfortunes which
followed were naturally attributed to the
ferocious-looking stranger. From that
day comets have been considered as har
bingers of war and other disasters.
Go through the entire range Of terres
trial appearances, there is scarcely an ob
ject or occurrence to which some sign be
lief is not attached. With savage and
barbarous nations such superstitions seem
strong as ever. Thus, during the' late
war between Kussia and lurkev. an
eclinse of the moon so frightened the
Turks that their enemies obtained an easy
With nations that walk in the lull blaze
of culture and refinement the rule is some
what different. But even ; here great
numbers refuse to be instructed, and still
believing as their ancestors' did, with
every unusual manifestation in earth or
sky launch forth a host of predictions,
which are sometimes very pleasant, out
usually of a most . direful nature. Ad
dison J?. Browne in Cottage Hearth.
"I Can Swim, Sir." ;
During a terrible naval battle between
the English and the Dutch, the English
flagship, commanded by Admiral Nar bo
rough, was drawn into the thickest of the
fight. The two masts was shot away, and
the main-mast tell with a leariul crasn
upon the deck. k Admiral Narborough saw
that all was lost, unless he could bring up
his ships from the right. Hastily, scraw
ling an order, he called for volunteers to
swim across the boiling water under the
hail of shot and shell A dozen sailors at
once offered their services, and among
them a cabin boy.
"Why," said the Admiral, "what can
vou do "my fearless lad?" ?
"I can swim, sir." the boy replied. "If
I be shot, I can be easier spared than any
Narborough hesitated,- his men were
few, and his position was desperate. ' The
boy plunged into the sea amid the cheers
ot toe sailors, and was soon lost to sigoi.
The battle rasjed fiercer, and as the time
went on defeat seemed inevitable. But
just as hope was fading, - a thundering
cannonade was heard from the right, and
the reserve were seen bearing down upon
the enemy. Bv sunset the Dutch ' fleet-
were scattered far and wide, and the cabin
boy, the hero of the hour, waa called in to
receive the honer due him. 1 His modesty
and bearing so won the heart of the old
Admiral that he exclaimed: -
"I shall live to see you have a flagship
of your own."
- The prediction was fulfilled when the
cabin boy, having become Admiral Clouds
ley Shovel, was knighted by the king.
The number of female physicians,
having diplomas and all the benefits of
the schools, is rapidly increasing. There
are how 390 well-equipped female doctors
in active practice in this country. It is
claimed that this is the beginning of a
change that will go ou very rapidly here-
aiter. .-j --m ;: ., -;. -,!-:. -
Definitions of Old Words and Phrases.
Hooker 'wisely says of law: . "There
can be no less acknowledged than that her
seat is me Dosom ot. bkxl,- and her voice
the harmonv of the universe : the verv
least as feeling her care, and the greatest
as not exempted from her power. Some
of the greatest and best men have been
the greatest " lawyers, whose illustrious
characters and abilities have adorned and
graced every path and pursuit in life.
What noble impulses and generous senti
ments most have filled the mind and heart
of the great lawyer, Mi t ford, brother of
the historian of Greece, when he implored
the House of Commons, ; on the prosecu
tion of Hastings, to adhere to two princi
ples:' never to bring forward a fact that
was a matter of calumny to the accused,
and never to inflame the passions of those
who are to decide as judges." "
i How"wortby of comment and praise was
the modesty and humility ti' the great
Judge Park, who after King George said
to him, "It is wonderful that this little
head contains all the law of Ennland," he
replied, "Not so, sire. It but contains the
knowledge where the law may be found."
Some men have the faculty to discover
great ability through talent and bring it
light and application, as was the case with
Premier Pitt when he took Sir William
Grant from the position of Canadian ex-Attorney-General.
Though he was hardly
known at the bar,, yet Pitt gave him a seat
in Parliament, where he proved himself
not only a great lawyer,- but of such
judicial eloquence that Lord Brougham
said the charm of it was so indescribable
that its effects on the hearers was that of
which Milton describes when he paints
Adam listening to the angel after the angel
ceased to speak.
The pure spirit and gracious feelings of
the great Pemberton Leigh, after he won
his first election .to Parliament, he thus
describes : "I never shall forget the night
on which, after so much excitement, I
found myself a member of Parliament. I
threw myself upon my knees and earnest
ly prayed to the Source of all strength
that I might be enabled to perform faith-
fully and buccessfully the duties which be-
long to that position." And on his-retire
ment, after the lapse of seventy years,
"and I can safely say that I never had one
hour hang heavy on me, nor felt'any thin g
but regret. at being called upon to forsake
my solitude in arder to attend the sittings
of the judicial committee.";
The power of industry and perseverance
is strongly illustrated in the extraordinary
character and ability of the barber's .son,
Lord Chief Justice Tenterden, who was
raised from the barber-shoo to be the first
of lawvers and one of the most acute and
upright of magistrates. Lord Campbell
says of the court of which Lord Tenterden
was the chief, there was no pretence for
being lengthy or importunate. Every
point made by counsel was understood in
a moment; the application of every
authority was understood at a glance.
The counsel saw when he might sit down,
his case being safe, and when he might sit
down, all chance of the success of his client
at an end. During that golden age law
and reason prevailed.
From the Cottage Hearth.
Early to inculcate in the minds of our
children the nobleness of bearing the
blame of their frequent failures, is to fore
am them asraiost many dancers in alter
life. Let us impress them with the truth
that no course is so upright, or so direct a
return from error itself, as to make the
earliest confession, and reparation if pos
sible. This requires great wisdom and
constant watchfulnrss in parents. Having
ourselves passed, long years before, the
slippery ways their tender and - wayward
feet are now treading, and having also
gained our wisest lessons from our own
sad failures, we insist that being told of
the pitfalls where we have stumbled, they
can avoid them and should do so. , But an
eminent writer tells us that it is of little
use for the old sailor to forewarn his young
comrade of the shoals and quicksands and
shipwrecks he has r encountered, for the
latter will still insist on trying his own
fortune and making his owu shipwrecks.
We forsret. too oiten. the sensitive na
tures of children and how greatly they
shrink from reproof for a mistake unwit
tinsrlv made, and still more, if in an un
guarded moment they have yielded to the
temptation to sin. We wound them too.
deeply oftentimes, and when the offense is
repeated they plan some way ot escape
from a like censure. On the contrary, the
child ouzht to feel that in confessing to
his parents he finds the safest and surest
refuge from every failure. Let him expect
eympathy and not chiding (however great
has been his error), when with honest pur
poses he comes back to make atonement.
"There is an untruthful time in the
early years of almost every child," said a
wise-hearted mother, lint ; we mu&tn t
make too much ado over it. it we are
petient and gentle in our counsels, and
never allow them to be stigmatized as
liars, they will soon get over it, in most
cases. I think this "time" comes frequent
ly when a clild has learned by experience
that he cannot always be good, and so
tries to bide his faults by evasion.
A mother once inquired, after baying
punished her little son for some offense,
?' Why can't you be a good boy just as well
without a whipping t" " W by, mother-
replied he ingeniously, "I can't always be
good." A little self-examination will con-
vmce older people ot a like lnaointy in
them selves, Jb the same need of forgiveness.
Whether truth or fiction, the story of
"George and his little hatchet" has helped
many a little boy over the dread of con
fession, when recollecting the clemency of
Mr. Washington he hoped his own lather
would be eauallv lenient. It were well
for both parents and children if the same
principles prevailed more ; generally.
Choosinsr to tell the truth and bear the
blame, or suffer the penalty, evinces the
same heroism in the child as cbaracteriz -
ed the man. when, having dared all things.
ana s utter ea an inings in oenaii ox ms op -
- , ..... i i i r r '
pressed countrymen, they, gave .him the
dearest of all titles, ; The Father of his
Country." Much as we admire the ster
ling worth of George Washington, we are
equany impressed witn me icuuer buu ju
dicious nurture of. his honored parents.
Let us go and do likewise.
Shall we say 'Lady" or "Female."
From Forney's Philadelphia Progress. ; -
Col Foriiey:ln Progress of ; October 1
1st you speak of Mademoiselle Marguerite I
Dim as me "iaay tenor." is this correct r
If it be, you must have a reason "for the
faith that's in vou." Is not the word
'lady", in this case entirely superfluous.
Her name points out her sex and the word
lady" is only another instance of its so
frequent use as to . border on polite vul
garity. "The word "lady" is quite 'run
into the ground in this connection. It is
now "lady clerk " ''lady saleswoman" as
if the latter word does not exm-ess the
gender of the employe, if it be necessary
to give it at all--"lady physioian," "lady
artist, etc. . We have never yet heard
the woman who cooks oar food spoken of
as the "lady cook," or the girl who does
upstairs work in our dwelling as the "lady
chambermaid." And why not .call them
thus it it be necessary to prefix "lady" to
the ocpupations? . , ?
The term "lady," as well as "gentle
men," is conventional in modern society.
I cannot call to mind a single instance
wherein the term is used in the Old or
New Testament. In Icelandic it means
"bread-keeper," and in Anglo-Saxon "feed
er ot the poor." JNone of the definitions
found in W ebster make it a fit prefix to
one's occupation. If it be the thing to
say "lady saleswoman, or "lady clerk "
why not do the other sex equal honor.
and ; say "gentleman salesman" not ; a
euphonious expression "gentleman clerk;"
extending it a little further, there can be
no objection to our saying "gentleman
horse-jockey," . "gentleman bootblack,"
etc. We submit the proposition, that
when it be necessary to distinguish the
sex of an employe or professional,, we
should do it by using the proper gender,
as the "male" clerk or the "female" clerk.
To use the word "lady" in any such con
nection is vulgar and snobbish. The high
est authorities are against it from the
standpoint of culture and good breeding.
" asbion" does not come in as a factor in
making up a verdict.
Many years ago I wrote to the late J.
Fenniraore Cooper, and asked him for his
autograph lor a "lady lnend," and" from
him received the following reply, which
bears on the question under consideration :
Hall, August 8th, 1850.
Sir: Allow me to advise you - never to
use such a phrase as "lady friend." This
habit of saying "lady passenger," "lady
this and that," is a new corruption of the
English, and is a marked vulgarism of the
American press. "Jb emale friend" is the
proper phrase, and the one which a well-
bred man mark me, not a well-bred gen
tleman, which is almost as vulgar as
"lady friend" would be certain to use.
The words "man" and "woman" cannot
be omitted in many forms of speech, and
their proper use is an infallible sign of
a person accustomed to good company.
lours respectfully, '
J. Fennimoee Coopee.
Good and Bad News.
Bad news weakens the action of the
heart, oppresses the lungs, destroys the
appetite, stops the digestion, and partially
suspends all the functions of the system.
An emotion of shame flushes the face : fear
blanches, joy illuminates it; and an instant
thrill electrifies a million of nerves. Sur-1
prise spurs the pulse into a gallop.
lirium infuses great energy. V olition com
mands, and hundreds ot muscles spring to
excite. Irowertul emotions often kill the
body at a stroke. Chilo. Liagoras. and
Sophocles died of joy at the Grecian
games. The news of defeat killed Philip
Y. One of the popes died of an emotion
of the ludicrous on seeing his pet monkey
robed in pontificals occupying the chair of
state. Muley Moloch was carried upon
the field of battle in the first stage of an
incurable disease; upon- seeing bis army
give way, he rallied his i panic stricken
troops, rolled back the tide -of battle,
shouted vistory, and died, lhe door
keeper of Congress expired on hearing of
the surrender of Corn wallis. Eminent pub
lie speakers have often died in the midst
oi an impassioned Durst ot eloquence, or
when the deep emotion that produced it
has suddenly subsided. Lagrave, the
young Parisian, died when he heard that
the musical prize for which he had com
peted was adjudged to another.
The Camel and the Needle's Eye. , . .
The passage from the New Testament,
"It is easier for a camel," etc., has per
plexed many good men who have read it
literally. . '
In oriental cities there, are in the large
gates small and very low apertures, called
metaphorically "needle's eyes," just as we
talk of windows on ship-board as "bull's
eyes." These entrances are too narrow for
a camel to pass through them in the or
dinary manner, or even if loaded. When
a loaded camel has to pass through one
of these entrances it kneels down, its load
is removed and then it
on its knees,
"Yesterday," writes Lady Duff Gordon
from Cairo, "I saw a camel go through the
eve of a needle, that is, the low. arched
door of an inclosure. He must kneel and
bow his head to creep through ; and thus
the rich man must humble himself."
If 1 were a bov again I would strive to
become a fearless person. I would culti
vate courage as one of the highest achieve
ments of life. "Nothing is so mild and
gentle as courage, nothing Is so cruel and
vindictive as cowardice," says . the wise
author of a late essay on conduct. . Too
many of us nowadays, are overcome
fancied lions in the way. Hons that never
existed out of our own brains. Nothing
is so credulous as fear. . Some weak-mind
ed horses are forever looking around for
) white stones to shy at, and if we are hunt-
I ine for terrors they will be sure to turn
I up in some shape or other.
up in some shape or other. Dangers will
1 arise in any career, but presence of mind
1 will often conquer the worst of them.: Be
I prepared for any , fate and there is no
I, - . ! 5 m -1 -1 f ' .
1 narm to do leareo. acBmen, yoa remem
ber, was said to be invulnerable, but he
never went into oaiue witnout oeing com
pletely armed. James T, Jbxeld. ;
A tn&idpn ladv has resolved to change
her name to "Conclusions,'! having heard
tnt man inniBumH inmu uuw wot.
; ;f; Various Items.
Harmv are the nurs in heart who tleen
of nishts. guarded by God's care. If they
are struck dead, their souls soar right into
To do wrong is to inflict the surest injury
on our own peace, sso enemy cao ao us
equal harm with what we do ourselves
whenever i and however we violate ; any
moral or religious, obligation. .. i : -
Life is what we. make it Let us call
back images of joy and gladness rather
than those ot gnetand carev xne iauer
mav sometimes bo our guests to sup and
dine, but let them never Ie permitted to
lodge with us. . ' . ''
A clergyman in Alabama is the recipient
of one of the highest compliments ever
paid to a preacher; in, warm, weather. A '
Southern' newspaper says of him ; ''His
auaience can listen wuuu iur uuuiq, ouva
then express regret when he has finished.'
A certain " peculiar plant is known in
New South . Wales as the "shoe-black
plant," The flowers, contain a large pro
portion of a mucilaginous juice, which
forms an excellent , substitute . for shoe
blacking, producing' a brilliant polish.
This iuice is used by Chinese ladies for
dyeing the hair. - i:
Camels were tried for carrying freight
across the California desert, a number of
years ago, but the experiment proved a
failure. Some abandoned camels, however,
lived and bred in the Gila and Salt River
bottoms, and it is now1 said that consider
able herds run wild io Arizona and New
Mexico.. : ' ;:
A darkey, having climbed to the top of
a high tree iu pursuit of a coon, fell to the
earth with a tremendous thud. Startled
and surprised, he gathered himself up,
looked around him,' and, taking in the sit
uation, remarked: "I thought I beard
something drap; and sure enough, It was
uis niggar uisseiu - x r
A man strolfed into a newspaper office
the other day and on asking for his account
found he was five years ; in arrears, m. On
ascertaining the fact he said: "Well, sir,
as you've waited five years for your , pay,
you may credit me with five years in
advance," and paid the money. - W hat a
pity, every newspaper subscriber has not a -
conscience like that. -, . - -- : '
Poker has ruined Dr. E. J. Hoffman of
Louisville. He had a large practice, was
an active church man, and his reputation
was excellent. ' Becoming infatuated with
the game, he neglected his patients to play
it, borrowed all the money he could to
meet his loses, and finally forged cheeks,
amounting to $2,000, for .which be is now
in jail. ' " ."
A writer in '.'the Baltimore Sun 'says i
Nothing is better established than that
the color of the sky at any time is due to
fine particles of solid matter suspended in
it. Eronauts and climbers of very high
mountains (such as the Alps for example),
who get above the : dust laden lower
strata of air, find the heavens black as
jet. . . I i ' ;- i . ..-- ; r
A monster milt is to be built in Minnea
polis which will turnout 5 barrels of flour
per minute, 333 oarreis per nour, 8,000
I barrels of flour per-day, 2,400,000 barrels
per year (300 days.) It will require 10,-
000,000 bushels of wheat per year to sup
ply it, and the value of its annual products
will be at least f 14,000,000. It will make
one-third of the . present ; wheat crop of
Minnesota into flour, and require an army
of men to carry on the work growing .out
of its operations. ' " .
Between the mouth of the Mississippi
River and Galveston Harbor, fifteen miles
away from land, is a haven for which the
small craft that ply in those waters i steer
when caught out in a gale. The i place is
known as the "Oil Ponds." Oil. which is
believed to come from the bed of the Gulf,
fifteen feet beneath the surface . of the
water, covers the water with a thick scum.
In the heaviest gales the force of the sea
is broken when it strikes the oily- surface,
and the skippers drop anchor. there, and.
are secure irom narm.
A non-combatant: "Uid yon serve in
the war uncle V "No, sah : I was a cow
ardly niggah. I was a Kentucky triggah.
And what did I want to 'list foh ?' " Were
not the white .. men fighting r for . you ?"
j "S'pose dey was.: Dat was no sign 'why
we should fight. Massa, did you ebber
see two dogs fightin' over a bone "Well,
what's that got to do with your fighting?".
"A heap, massa. Did you, ebber see the
bone fight?" The questioner left amid a
fed" Some time since the use of saw
dust in mortar was recommended as supe
rior even to hair for the prevention of
cracking and subsequent peeling off of
rough casing under the action of storms
isome one by, the name of Siehr
I says that his own house, exposed to pro-
I longed storms on the seacoast. had pieces
J of mortar to' be renewed each Spring ; and
after trying without ' effect a number of
substances to prevent it, he found sawdust
perfectly satisfactory. It was first thor
oughly dried and sifted through an ordi
nary grain sieve to remove the larger par-
ucies. x ne mortar was ; made py mixing
one part of cement, two of , lime, , two of
sawdust and five of sharp sand, the saw
dust being first well mixed dry with the
cement and sand.' - 1 ; ' : Jli.
A Nbw Islahd -, Discovered- nr the
PAcmcCapt. Meyer, of the German
schooner PhcenixJ' at, Callao, from' San
I Jose de Guatemala, Sept. 12, reports' hay-
ing uiBCUvereu new isituiu ia lauiuue 7
deg. 48 min. south, and longitude 83 deg.
4 8 min." west, about 1 00 miles west of Punta
Aguja, the nearest land. It is said to be of
volcanic origin, about fifty feet high at the
highest elevation, one mile Jong and one
TT T If o-viri.. t m . r-r n ,
I mile wide. , IL B. M. S. (Kingfisher, U. S.
a ai..t rik;i;M . . .
have gone to verify the new : addition to
the geography of the worlds , ; f
f37T Bismarck knows how to deal with
Mormonism. - He sends all the Mormon
missionaries, out of the country under
police escort. If. other countries - would
do . likewise, fewer people would be de
I luded by the false representations of these
iiuiHuim uuui umui : . -