Newspaper Page Text
$ho Obajflotto Homo a a d i o a o c c ; a t, 6 h o i-s 16 1 ior-flrfl
Home and Democrat.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Correspondence of the Home and Democrat.
New Yokk.Oo!. 17, 1881.
Editor Home and Democrat: At the
close of his sermon yesterday morning,
Dr. Potter of Grace Chnrch paid a beau
tiful tribute to the memory of Dr. Holland,
the Editor of Scribner's Magazine, under
whose admirable management that has be
come one of the most successful periodicals
in the world, exceeded, perhaps, only by
Harper's. It was not this, however, upon
which the Preacher dwelt, but the fulfill
ment of the divine injunction to love God
and his neighbor, which both his life and
his voluminous writings manifested. This
tribute by Dr. Potter is the more remark
able from the fact that Dr. Holland was
not a member of Dr. Potter's church, nor
even an Episcopalian, but attended Dr.
Chapin's church. His pecuniary success
is understood to have been commensurate
with his merit, for he had realized enough
from his literary labors to be able to keep
both a city and a country residence. Dr.
Potter's sermons on the death of Presi
dent Garfield have been published, by re
quest. It may be stated, by the way,
that he is the coming Bishop of New York.
There can hardly be a doubt of his suc
ceeding his uncle, the present Bishop
Potter, in that near future when this very
aged Prelate shall pass away. The Potter
family is a remarkable one. Two broth
ers, Bishops of Pennsylvania and New
York ; a son to be Bishop of New York ;
another D. D. President of Union College;
another lately a member of Congress and
would have been Governor of this State
but for John Kelly's defection.
In a family of my acquaintance here
there was a death on the 26th July, an
other on the 26th August, and a third on
the 26th September a brother and sister
and a cousin, all of mature age; and it is
not surprising that with such coincidences
a sister of the first two should feel appre
hensive about the coming 26th of October,
as she is in feeble health.
It must be a good thing to be Head
Waiter at Del monieoV. It is ttated that
that official, on whom fashionable gor
monds so much depend for the gratifica
tion of their appetites,, and who seem to
have paid accordingly, had fifty thousand
dollars worth of valuables stored in Mor
rill's warehouse which was destroyed by
fire last week. The whole amount stored
there is said to have been a million and a
half furniture, pictures, books, fine cloth
ing, &c. I know a lady who bad $2,000
worth of Wedding presents there.
A sad instance of the degeneracy of the
times is the ousting of Mr. Bayard and
the election of Davis as President of the
Senate and heir to the Presidency in case
of the death or disability of President
Arthur his "resignation" is not within
the range of possibilities. The Republi
cans were not strong enough to elect a
Republican, for Davis himself would have
voted against any Republican, and so
they bought Davis. The World puts the
matter in a nut shell thus:
u They made their bargain and put out of the
Presidency of the Senate a Democratic Senator
who commanded, the sympathies of the party, the
respect oi tne oilier ana confluence ol toe whole
country, in order to nil his place with a Senator
who is not a Republican, and who does not com
mand the sympathy, the respect or the confidence
Mahone and Davis! Par nobile fra-
trum Again says the World:
; "A prominent Protuberant Senator, (Davis
weighs 300 pounds) while occupying the top rail
of a fence which he had fitted with a Senatorial
chair, was approached by a Republican reformer,
who accosted him, saying: Why sit ye all the
day idle.' And he made answer : ' Because no
man hath hired me.' And immediately the re-
iormer garnered togetaer a caucus and Hired him.
It takes thirty-two millions of dollars a
year to support the government of this
city. John Quiucy Adams was turned
out of the Presidency half a century ago
mainly for the extravagance of spending
thirteen millions to support the govern
ment of the whole United States. Times
have bo changed that the people submit
to the thirty-two millions almost without
- The Philadelphia American preaches
strongly in favor of fair elections in the
South, and thinks that the loss of a few
Southern States woulJ do no harm to the
National Democratic party. This may
be good advice, for all we know, even
though not asked for. But why does not
the American advise its Radical friends
to lose a few of the Northern States by
fair elections ? A complimentary dinner
was given in this city four months ago to
Dorsey, by ex-President Grant, Vice
President (now President) Arthur and
other leading lights of the pirty, as a re
ward for his purchase of Indiana last
Fall. Does the American consider that
that was a fair election ? Pray set the
South a good example, for practice is
much better than precept.
The following is a deserved compliment
to the legal status of the Hon. Samuel F.
Phillips of Xorth Carolina, Solicitor-General
of the United States. It is from the
Washington correspondent of the World :
.iLkiuiucj-vrcucrai iuacveaa in oi tue opinion
that his retirement from the Cabinet will not in
any manner embarrass the President, inasmuch
as Solicitor -General-Phillips is not only entirely
competent in every respect to discharge the du
ties appertaining to the Department of Justice, but
is by law a substitute for the Attorney-General
during his absence and may assume the duties of
the office at any time "
There is much re.ion to believe that
the political marplots of this State, John
Kelly and Roscoe Conkling, are laid upon
the shelf for the remainder of their natural
lives. , Kelly, pretending to be a Demo
crat, lost this State a Democratic Gov
ernor, and lout the country a Democratic
President. Conkling has done what he
could to destroy his party, and it is to be
hoped that he has succeeded a real Kil
kenny cat business. ''
There was an eleetion at Flashing,
Long Island, last week, for a school com
missioner. It treated great excitement,
for a woman was a candidate and for the
first time women were allowed to vote.
Public raeetiogs were held, and carnages
sent in all directions to hunt up and bring
voters to the polls. 359 women and 758
men voted, and to the ehame of the men
the woman was beaten by a majority of
233. Perhaps the other women didn t
vote for her? Among many amusing in
cidents were the lollowing :
Are you a citizen, Mrs Mahon?" n
"Faith, 1 dunno My husband is a c.tizen.
We'll have to rtject your vote."
"What for will yez do that ? Aint I as good ez
enny citizen f You lets lots of them women vote
who aint got childher, and I've sent soldiers to
After a long discussion the election ofiicers
found that the woman was a citizen, and she was
allowed to vote . . . ,
Another woman said when challenged, xes,
yes. I swears to it all. I've learned this by
One woman went to the polls with her husband
and was challenged. When asked if she lived in
the district, she turned to her husband and said ;
"What will 1 say now?" .
"Say yes, of course," replied the husband.
"Yes, of course," said the woman to the in
spector. . . . .
"Are you a citizen ?" continued the inspector.
"Am I a citizen ?" she asked her husband.
"Certainly you are ; swear to it," whispered the
"Certainly I am. I'll swear to it," said the
woman boldly. Then Ehe was allowed to vote,
after which she inquired, "Anything else ? Mast
I say whom I voted for V
Nearly all the women who cast votes were mar
ried. This, according to a woman who did
vote, was due to the fact that the unmarried would
not acknowledge that they were twenty-one years
FOR THE HOME AND DEMOCRAT.!
A Family in California who live upon
The San Francisco Call gives an ac
count of a wealthy English family, living
near the town of Anaheim in Los Angelos
county, who have, for years, kept in per
fect health on uncooked food. Anaheim
is situated on a level plain, eight miles
from the Pacific Ocean and within seven
miles of the Santa Anna River. In 1857
a colony of intelligent and enterprising
Germans settltd here and have made it a
very bower of foliage, flowers and fruits ;
with a complete system of irrigation, and
every improvement worthy of a progres
sive age. Five miles from this delightful
village, an Englishman, Mr. George R.
Hinde, built hie residence in 1878, at a
cost of $12,000. In this country almonds,
oranges, English walnuts, figs, grapes,
olives, as well as the multitudinous or
chard products of the temperate zone,
grow finely. Mr. Hinde, by deliberate
choice, lurnishes his table with this un
cooked food ; aud the wisdom of his de
cision is shown by the improvement in
health of every member of his household.
Previously, Mrs. Hinde and two or three
of the children had been "ailing'' for
years. But since the adoption of the
fruit diet, not a day's sickness has oc
curred in the family. Whenever the chil
dren partake of cooked food at the houses
of the neighbors, they feel indisposed in
consequence, and have now formed such a
distaste to it, that they will not touch it.
Travellers tell us of some races who
nearly approximate to an uncooked diet.
The Arabs, and some other nomadic races,
live chiefly on dates, and milk in its vari
ous forms curds, cheese and butter.
The famous Baron de Laney, Surgeon
General of Napoleon's army in Egypt,
thus describes the Arabs: "They have a
physiognomy and character which are
quite peculiar, and which distinguish
them generally from all those which ap
pear in other regions of the globe." In
his dissections he found "their physical
structure in all respects more perfect than
that of Europeans ; their organs of sense
exquisitely acute their size above the
average of men ; their figure robust and
elegant; their intelligence proportionate
to their physical perfection; and without
doubt, superior, other things being equal,
to that of other nations."
Another race, who live chiefly on un
cooked food, are the Arancarian Indians
of Chili, South America. They also, are
remarkable for their physical superiority.
The great Von Humbolt said of them that
when he went into their cottages and saw
their smooth, un wrinkled facts, he could
with difficulty discern "who was the
father and who was the son, when he saw
the family assembled together." These
Arancarians, who are of great size and
strength, find their chief food in the nuts
of the Arancaria imbrecata. The noted
botanist, Dr. Pasppig says this tree "sup
plies the place of both the palm and corn
to the Indians of the Chilian Andes."
That is, what corn (wheat, rye, barley
aud maize) is to the inhabitants of more
northern countries, and what the palm
(date tree) is to the Arab, so is the
Arancarian nut large oily, sweet and
nutritious to these Chilian Indians.
Mr. Hinde's children, since his adop
tion of the fruit diet, have not only escaped
all ordinary illnesses but do not take the
usual contagious diseases of children, al
though they have been repeatedly ex
posed to them. A perfectly healthy child
will resist the evil influences which pro
duce whooping cough, measles, &c.
Mrs. Hinde's housekeeping must be de
lightfully easy and comfortable. Just
imagine a handsome $12,000 mansion
without any kitchen ! No spoiled dishes
no bad tempered and wasteful cooks
no sick children no wood or coal to buy
in the summer no grocer and butchers'
bills to pay. What leisure Mr, and the
Misses Hinde must have for painting
China and studying German.
I have long thought that less cooking
and more fruit and nnt-eating would give
people better health and more comforta
ble housekeeping. Let u try it.
H. M. I.
The walnut crop is so abundant in
Bourbon county that the True Kenluckian
suggests that farmers gather and use them
The Record says that from all parts of
Nelson county, Ky., comes the tidings that
the largest wheat crop ever cast in the
county will be sown this fall.
N. C. NEW S.
Concord Register: Mr. M. W. Johnston
gathered his corn on his branch bottoms
near town this week. He estimates the
amount at 1,200 bushels of shelled corn.
Salisbury Watchman : Com can now be
bought iu eastern counties at 60 cents per
bushel. A rattle snake 52 inches long,
9 inches around, with 13 rattles wa killed
iu Iredell county, Sept. 28ih.
Quits: a serious accident happened to
a lad named Scales, a grandson of the late
Col. Waighstill Avery, of Morganton, by
the accidental discharge of a gun. His
band was nearly blown off at the wrist.
Concord Register: Mr. A. M. Wilhelm's
little boy found a lump of pure gold, while
walking through his cotton patch, a few
days ago, that weighed 5 ounces avoirdu
pois. The cotton patch is on the : low
ground of South Anderson's creek, in No
The citizens of Monroe township held an
election on the stock law, which resulted
in a majority of eleven for "No stock
Big Potatoes. Mr. John II. Lucas, of
Cross Roads township dug a sweet potato,
a few days ago, which weighed five pounds
and twelve ounces, aud then he dug an
entire hill getting seven potatoes which
averages two pounds each and exactly
filled a peck measure. Mr. Lucas should
place these potatoes on exhibition at the
Rocky Mount fair. Wilson Advance.
Mr. Eugene Summey had his fingers
caught in Carpenter Summey's cotton gin
at Hardin Statioq, on the Narrow Gauge
Railroad, last Monday, and Dr. Lawing
had to amputate two of them.
Lincoln Progress: A painful and dis
tressing accident occurred at Messrs.
Phifer & Allison's cotton factory last
Thursday, whioh may yet prove fatal.
While Isaao, a little sixyear-old boy of
Mr. Philip Mooney's was playing at one
of the turning-lathes in the basement of
the factory he was caught and drawn up
to the shafting by a cord which he held
in his hand. At each revolution of the
shafting he was hurled around with
tremendous force, and the blood-stained
sleeper above bore ickening evidence of
the fact that the little fellow's heels
had struck it at each turn. His left arm
was broken in three places, and was am
putated near the shouldi-r by Drs. Reedy
Last Tuesday week Mr. Jacob Warlick
had the fingers on his right hand painfully
lacerated by being caught in a cotton gin.
Fink Wheat. A. N. Reich gave us
specimens of his Boughton wheat, which
is of a superior quality. He sowed one
bushel on about two acres of ground, and
it yielded him over 18 bushels of wheat.
Mr. Reich also presented us with some ears
of corn, the seed of which came from Texas.
It was white from Texas, but the white
seed brought yellow corn.
E. N. Sides also presented us with an ear
of Texas white corn raised on his farm in
this county, from seed seut from Texas.
The stalk, shuck ana tassel are of a purple
color. Salem Press.
Statesville Landmark: States ville sup
poses that four railroads are pointing their
noses in this direction : the North Caro
lina Midland, the Danvilh, Mocksville &
Southwestern road, the Statesville &
Jefferson and the Imboden roads; and our
neighbor the American thinks there are
grounds for hoping that when Mr. Best
gets his road to Salisbury he will build
right on to Statesville. When all these
are built we will have seven railroads, but
then two railroads to your town are bet
ter than five in your e)e.
Death of Ex-Sheriff Johnson. At
his residence four miles west of Fayette
ville, on Sunday morning, the 9th inst.,
died Alexander Johnson, in the 86th year
ol his age. He had for twenty years of
his life filled the office of high sheriff of
Cumberland county, and in a manner high
ly creditable to himself and satifactory to
the public. At the end of that time he
voluntarily retired from the office, being
somewhat advanced in year.-, and needing
rest. Since then he has engaged in no
business; living quietly at his home. He
was buried at the McPherson church,
where he had his membership for many
years. He was a good man aud univer
sally respected. layelteyille Examiner.
Bitten by a Mad Dog, A strange
dog came about the premises of Mr. R. G.
Howie near Pleasant Grove, yesterday,
and made several attempts to bite Mr.
Daniel Howie, and finally succeeded in
inflicting a slight wound on one of his
fingers. The dog afterwards bit two dogs
which were immediately killed, and two
bogs, and was snapping at bushes, and
everything that came in his path, as he
ran. John Howie pursued the dog on
horse back, for the purpose of killing him
when the dog turned and tried to bite the
horse but was idiot down. The wound
on Daniel's finger was a slight one but
soon became inflamed. He came to Mon
roe this rooming, and had the wound cut
and cauterized by Dr. Crowell. Monroe
Human Skeleton Discovered by
Railroad Hands. Our correspondent at
Webster writes us that that unusually
quiet town is all excitement over the dis
covery of a human ekeleton. Our corres
pondent says: "As some hands were turn
ing the road on the farm of Mr. W. A.
Dills,3 miles below WVbster,they exhumed
a complete human skeleton with a bullet
hole in the forehead. It has apparently
been in the ground several years. Curiosity
is on tiptoe to know who once owned these
bones. Who is missing? Can anybody
tell?" Asheville Citizen.
Winston Leader: The work of decapi
tation has commenced in the Internal
Revenue Department in this District. J.
H. Shultz, one of the appointees under
Collector Everett has been removed by
Commissioner Raum. We have not heard
the cause of his removal.
Col. McLeod Turner has recovered
from hid injuries sufficient to return to
North Carolina furnished to the armies
of the Confederacy no less than eighty-two
regiments, ten battalions, and fourteen un
attached companies, numbering altogether
122,000 men, being more in number than
those furnished by any other State. Not
only more in proportion to population, but
more, absolutely, than any other State in
Fayetteville Examiner : A lady of
Robeson county has sent us a curious sport
of nature. It consists of an egg a little
larger than a partridge egg, found within
an ordinary hen's egg. It was entirely
enclosed, and only appeared when the shell
of the outside egg was broken.
Goiteau in Court.
Washington, October 14. After the
star route cases were disposed of it became
known in the court room that the arraign
ment of Guiteau was actually to take place
to-day. So most of the spectators remain
ed, aud a very intense feeling of curiosity
and interest was manifested. There was
no unusual display of police in or about
the court room, although there were a
large number of detectives present, not in
uniform. For over half an hour business
was suspended, awaiting the introduction
of the prisoner. At a quarter past 11,
Mr. Scoville, counsel for the prisoner,
entered and took a seat at the lawyers'
table, and immediately after the door of
the witnesses' room opened and gave en
trance to Marshal Henry and two deputy
marshals, having between them and hust
ling along the bowed and cowering figure
of a man, for whom they made way to a
reserved seat next to the couusel. Then
one of the guards unlocked the hand-cuffs,
giving the prisoner the use of his hands,
which he continued, however, to hold as if
that was their usual position. Guitean
looked broken in health and nncared for
in person. . His hair is closely cropped,
but his cheek and chin whiskers are worn
thick but not long. His dark clothes
were rusty aud shabby, and his whole
person presented a miserably neglected
appearance. ; j
After the excitement attending his en
trance bad subsided, District Attorney
Corkhill rose, and addressing the judge
said : "The grand jury of the District of
Columbia have indicted Charles J. Guiteau
for the murder of James A. Garfield.
The person is in court. I ask that he be
arraigned and required to plead to the.
indictment." The prisoner was ordered
to stand up, and in a languid manner
obeyed. . .
Clerk Is youx name Charles J. Gui
The prisoner assented, by a nod.
The Clerk then proceeded to read the
indictment, the prisoner standing up with
his head most of the time inclined to the
right shoulder, his eyes half closed, or
wholly so, and his hands clasped over his
stomach, as if they still wore hand-cuffs,
and his general air that of sickly indiffer
ence. The reading occupied nearly half
an hour, and during all that time Guiteau
hardly changed his attitude or bearing,
and rarely opened his eyes. He did not
manifest the slightest degree of interest in
the scene in which he was the chief actor,
and but for an occasional slight movement
might be supposed to be asleep in a stand
ing attitude. Upon the conclusion of the
reading of the indictment the Clerk, ad
dressing the prisoner, said : "What say
you to this indictment. Guilty or not
The prisoner in place of a response
fumbled in his waistcoat pocket and
drew out a soiled and crumpled scrap of
The District Attorney (imperatively)
Enter your plea of guilty or not guilty.
Prisoner I enter a plea of not guilty,
if your Honor pleases, and I desire to make
The Court At some other time. It
would not be appropriate just now. Sit
The prisoner thereupon took his seat.
District Attorney In this case I ask
that the trial be set for next Monday
morning peremptorily. The government
is ready for trial now.
Mr. Scoville asked to read a statement,
and proceeded to read one by the defend
ant to the effect that he has no money or
means and that in his defense it is neces
sary lor him to have witnesses lrom a dis
tance. Also, one made by .himself to. the
effect that he was not ready for trial, hav
ing been in the case only about ten days;
that the defense would be the insanity of
the prisoner, and that the wound was not
necessarily mortal, and was not the cause
of the President's death. Also, that he
has failed to get the names of certain wit
nesses from the prisoner, and that he ex
pects to show by witnesses in New .York
and Chicago hereditary insanity in the
family ; that L. W. Guiteau, father of the
accused, was a monomaniac on the subject
of religion. He also expected to show
that death was the result of malpractice on
the part of the principal . physician. He
asked an order for witnesses, foityfour in
number. Mr, Scoville said that, acting
under the instructions of his client, he
had endeavored to get him suitable
counsel, being himself not familiar with
criminal practice, had applied to Emory
Storrs,. of Chicago, who had declined toR.
T. Merrick, who feared that he could not
attend. He had written to Gen Butler,
but had not yet heard from him. It was
important that the prisoner should be pro
perly defended, and he asked, if Butler
should decline, that the prisoner be allowed
to select counsel.
Argument on the question of jurisdic
tion was set down for the 30th inst., and
the trial for November 7th.
The coal area of Tennessee is 5,10Q
square miles. .
Sabine county, Arkansas, boasts of a 700
One firm in Nashville holds 30,000
bushels of peanuts.- -
The pecan crop of Louisiana is very large
Tennessee is rich in the extent and
variety of her, timber.
Corn is selling in East Tennessee at
sixty cents per bushel.
The peach crop around Morristown,
Tenn., will be 500,000 bushels.
The rice crop of the United States will
reach 150,000,000 bushels.
Neuse river, North Carolina, is much
lower than ever known before.
Last season Texas produced 1,200,000
bales of cotton, worth $60,000,000.
In Green county, Texas, there are two
millions of acres of unimproved land.
Three thousand snappers were carried
to Pensacola, Florida, in one day last
A few Florida farmers who have planted
arrow-root make as much as $1,000 on an
At the Florida state fair a premium of
six dollars was offered for the best darned
stocking. ' ; .-
Mr. George Campbell, of Hillsborough,
Fla, has egg plants which weigh five
A three pound squirrel and 26 inches in
length, has just been killed in McLean
Columbia, Ky, has shipped more dried
fruit this season than she has in any other
for 40 years.; : " ,
The dried apple crop of , Casey county,
Kentucky.will produce more money .than
the corn crop this season.
The i Western - N; C. Railroad.
Replyfthe ClydeJSyndicaU to thi ijom
i. missioners of the .Western N. C J Railroad.'-
'I'-' "---J - " i-
New York, Sept. 27, 1881.:
To Hon. Thomas X" Jarvis, Hon. Z. B"Tance,
Hon. JJorth,,X;orami3sioner8, Raleigh:
Gentlemeni-Xa. reply to yours of the
14th, we beg to express our regret that
our letter of the 24th of August to the
Commissioners hould have been so ma
terially! misconceived :by them as to its
import, terioiand spirit. We' thiuk any
impartial judge would say we had suc
ceeded reasonably in the effort. '"'""
Your communication, bear in mind, was
not merely your brief letter, but also the
agreement of the CommisMoners with Mr.
Best of the 25 th of May, of which a copy
was sent and intended to be taken as a
part of that communication. - That agree
ment revealed a new, an unknown and an
unexpected attitude of the Commissioners
towards us. Was it not most natural
that we should be startled by such a reve
lation, and to feel the uprising inquiry.
What does this mean? Do these Com
missioners mean to put,their official and
personal pressure upon us, to make it
necessary for us to abandon this contract,
and return it again to Mr. Best? The
communication looked that way the let
ter and communication, taken together,
very much that way. . . ... - . ,
But, recurring to what we understood
of the history of the whole matter, we did
not see any conceivable reason for such a
reversal of position by the Commissioners
towards us, and thought it was due alike
to the Commissioners 1 and to ourselves
that we should not mistake the true pur
port of their communication. Hence the
reply we -made. Nothing in it was in
tended, nor, as far. as we can now per
Qeive, can anything be found in; it disre
spectful, either in expression or implica
tion. We attempted to make a plain state
ment of facts, as we understood them,
without color or exaggeration, and for the
reason assigned by us in our reply. We
are not conscious of any inaccuracy in
that statement, or of having done the
slightest injustice to any party referred
to therein. We did not, in anything we
said to the Commissionero, - make any
reference to their motives. We referred
to facts only and for the purpose assigned,
that our transactions with the Commis
sioners should be in no sense ambiguous
or the results inconclusive. While we
were thus without motive, disposition or
apparent effort to be in any sense dis
courteous in our reply, we are at a loss to
conceive why it should be charged. We
respectfully and absolutely disclaim it,
and refer to a careful and dispassionate
judgment of the document for our vindi
cation. In reply to your proposition to surren
der to Mr. Best and his associates our
rights and interests acquired by assign
ment from him, we beg to assure you that
it would give us great pleasure at any
time to gratify your personal desire, but
in this matter our situation ' compels us
respectfully to decline your proposed re
quest. When by the. final assignment
from Mr. Best we became the absolute
proprietors of the Western North Caro
lina Railroad, the requirements and re
strictions in the act of March 29th, 1880,
compelled the creation of very large ob
ligations in the necessary organization of
the capital adequate to the, undertaking,
and the better to secure the success of the
enterprise we have deemed it' expedient,
at a large outlay, to acquire other inter
ests, connected with and dependent upon
the Western North Carolina Railroad. ; .
In the accomplishment of these arrange
ments our, interests, as derived from the
assignment, have become so blended with
those of others that we no longer have
the sole personal control of this property,
and, therefore, cannot , properly agree to
surrender it without the consent of others,
who decline to release their interests.
We are performing all our obligations
as we understand them under ; the con
tract, and desire and intend to continue
to do fo if permitted.: We, therefore,
recognize no just or reasonable ground on
which its surrender cad be claimed or ex
pected from us., j V : ' ' :..
In declining the request proposed to be
made to us, we desire further to say that
we do not wish to hinder Mr. Best and his
associates in any purpose .entertained by
them to construct .another road to Salis
bury. If they do so, it will be alike our
interest and policy to accord to such road
impartial access to the ; Western North
Carolina Railroad, and upon terms just
and ; equitable, to every k portion of the
State to be benefitted thereby.-:
We take this occasion to express the
strong interest . wed have felt ".in the suc
cessful prosecution of this enterprise from
the date of bur present connection with it,
and by some of us long, anterior to that
date ; and . to signify our cordial - sy m-
pathy with the citizens of North Carolina
in their desire to t-ee this .important work
fully completed, and even extended ac
cording to its original design, until con
nected with the railroad systems leading
to the Mississippi Valley ; some of our
strongest and most influential associates
urging with earnestness the direct, exten
sion of the line from Murphy to Chatta
nooga. We assure the Commissioners that it is
our intention and purpose to have the
work prosecuted on both lines of the
road with diligence and energy until they
are completed to Murphy and Paint Rock;
and iii everything to cause the' contract
we have entered into to be faithfully and
literally complied with. :
We hope to receive from you encourage
ment and co-operation, that nothing w hich
may hasten the work or help its utility
shall be left undone, nor anything done
which may retard or impair it.
Very respectfully, your obedient ser
vants, . Wm. P. Clyde,
i T M Logax,
A. S. Bcford.
Longitude on the earth's surface is now
computed from various meridians by dif
ferent countries. At the recent meeting
of the Geographical Congress in Vienna,
Prof. Barnard, of Columbia Col lege, pro
posed a new system tor universal use, the
plan being to divide the globe , into 24
meridians of 15 degrees each, corres
ponding to the 24 hours of the ..day, the
first meridian , to pass through : Behring
Strait. -..-'.i - j
There are reports in German journals of
many emigrants who have been starting
out for America with only means enough
to get to Liverpool or some other seaport.
There, utterly destitute, they have been
subjected to much suffering, and have
finally been assisted in returning to their
homes with public funds, 'merely : to pre
vent their becoming permanent burdens
on the public charities. These poor people
set out with a vague notion that they
would in some way be enabled to complete
their journey. ' : is
ffi Ipew TheoryLboat Diptheria.
.trDf Horatio 0, Wood. Professor I of
iuaiena jxieasca m iue university oi
Pennsylvania, baa delivered an interesting
lecture on diphtheria before the Academy
of Natural Sciences.", He based his lecture
on certain 'researches made " by himself
and Dr. Formad, under the auspices of
the .National Board of Health, lie claims
that diphtheria is caused by a fungous
growth, a plant known as micrococci.
A severe epidemic of diphtheria having
occurred in Ludington, Michigan, in 1880,
Dr. Formad visited that town to make
studies of the cases and to collect matter.
Up to this time nothing remarkable had
been found in the blood of .Philadelphia
patients, but in the; membrane there has
since been discovered a microscopic plant
known as micrococci, and the. blood of the
Ludington patients was always full of it,
choking up the internal organs of the
children who died, and especially in the
spleen ' and kidneys; Inoculation of ani
mals with the matter brought1 from Lud
ington always formed a false membrane
at the poiut of inoculation, which was,
with the blood, found to be full of micro
cocci after death,' and the T symptoms in
life resembled those of diphtheria in man.
The conclusion was then reached that
diphtheria had been produced in animal?.
In the membrane the micrococci exist in
several forms, sometimes scattered or in
masses, of a few or in pods known as
micrococci balls, and in masses of gelatin
ous material full of little plants. They
are generally first found in the white cor
puscle, and can be seen, ' though very
minute, in lively action, dancing about as
if eating it up.' The corpuscle was seen
to alter, growing : watery, ; and the little
plants finally filled it up until the cor
puscle burst, and its interior came out as
an irregular translucent mass C which
formed the micrococci ball seen in the pa
Plants entirely like the micrococci of
diphtheria in a general appearance exist
on the surface of a furred tongue, but
these showed in .experiments in the cul
ture apparatus very little power of
growth. The next series of experiments
were made to determine whether the mi
crococci of diphtheria is the cause of the
disease. It was known that an infusion
of diphtheritic membrane filtered lost its
virulence in direct proportion to the thor
oughness of the filtration. The liquor fik
tered through clay lost all its solid par
ticles, aud was no longer poisonous, and
this proved that the contagions matter of
diphtheria is a solid particle. The result
of the experiments served to show that
the micrococci were the cause of the dis
ease, either directly or indirectly. Diph
theritic micrococci, artificially grown by
the experimenters in its several genera
tions, produced undoubted diphtheria in
animals and caused death. The matter,
brought from Ludington; exposed to the
air for several weeks, lost its virulence,
and failed to produce the disease.
Prof. Wood and Dr. Formad both con
cluded from the experiments that these
micrococci, which exactly resembled the
micrococci of diphtheria and lost their
virulence and power of growth thus be
came converted, in other words to the
little plants of the furred tongue, and
were of the opinion that the plants are
identical in their specific nature with a
sore throat; in a child under the stimulus
of the exudation, the torpid micrococci al
ways present in the mouth begin to grow,
and to be converted into' the active stage.
Their growth further inflames the mucous
membrane of the throat and this increased
inflammation feeds it still more. "So the
starved micrococci," said the Professor,
"become converted into the bloated bond
holder, and a case of self-created diph
theria results. The active little plants
find a suitable, resting place in the throat
of the delicate child, begin to grow and
soon develop the disease. The scattered
mild cases originate in the, individual and
comprise the ordinary cases seen in Phila
delphia. When catarrh comes in the
spring, when the air is full of active mi
crococci, a malignant epidemic results."
Now that we have gotten thus far along
with this terrible disease, we sincerely
trust that the learned men of the medical
profession may be able to determine some
method to destroy the vitality of the mi
crococci and prevent them from taking
possession of the human system.
RJ; HALE & SON, "U0
, ; PUBLISHERS, J
Booksellers and Stationers,
17 Murray Street, NEW YORK,
Invite orders for School, Miscellaneous and Stan
dard Books, and for all kinds of Staple Station
ery. ' ' - ' :' ' 1
WRITING PAPERS Cap, Letter Note and
other sizes. ;
-BLANK BOOKS, of all Grades.
ENVELOPES, all sizes and colors and quali
ties. : : ; ; ..
. SCHOOL SLATES, best quality, all sizes. :
Slate and Lead Pencils, Pens, Inks, Mucilage,
&C. . : :-!--. ' -' -. .'-.!.:,.
Feb 18,1881. E. J. HALE & BON.
Some very desirable property In the city of
: Charlotte. t ", .
No. 1 A House with 7 rooms, in a large yard,
beautifully shaded with Elm trees ; Well of
water and every convenience usually desired;
located on Trade street, near the Air Line Depot.
Apply to Gen. D. H. Hill, Fayetteville, Ark.
No. 2 An English Cottage with 8 rooms, in a
very quiet, desirable part of the city ; good Well
of water, Gas, and ail necessary out-bnildiDus.
Apply to Gen. D. H. Hill.
No. 3 A large family residence, on Tryon
street, opposite J. L. Morehead'a. It contains 10
rooms, has a spacious yard and handsome
Apply to Gen. D. H. Hill, or to J. P. Strong,
.Editor Home and Democrat, or Mr. Jfrank Irwin
at City Mills, Charlotte. N. C.? : ;
ct. 7, 1381. tf
W. A. TRUSLOW,
Jeweler and Watch Repairer,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Respectfully announces taat. having succeeded
E. J. Allen, in the Watch and Je lry business,
he has just added to his stock of ' f ,
Watches, Jewelry, Silverware,
CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &c,V
And he hopes by close attention to business and
fair dealing to merit a share of patronage.
Fifteen vears constant emerience in the
WATCH REPAIRING Denartment enables
him to fully warrant every Watch entrusted to
Do not forget the old stand oh Tryon street,
near the Square. , . - -, r.
Oct 7, 1881. 1 tf - , - h J
Z. - .Ahi',A.J I ,-WKK
Hargraves & Wilhelm, ,
Wholesale and retail " dealers ia Ready-Made
Clotbine, Staple and Fancy Dry Goods, Boots,
Shoes. Hata, Caps, Nollona, Trunks, . Valiaes,
Uenta' JTorni8tilngtiOoQs,Sc.,Hmiui jtsauarag,
Oct 7, 1881.
Charlotte, N. C
ForTletail Trad?, to "which we
pay special attention, we buy the best goods to
be found. r . -j ' . - 1
V-V". s ! WILSON & BURWELL, (
Sept 80, 1881. " Druggists.
of the Cotton
: New Orleans, Oct. IS. The following
is a eummary;of special dispatches to the
Democrat from all portions of the South
showing the, condition of the cotton crop
Alabama The weather has been fine
for picking, but some damage reported
from the worms, which appeared ; three
fourths of a crop will be produced,
three7fOurths : of which has ; been gathr
ered. ' '
Af .Arkansas The weather is very .favora
ble. The yield as compared with last year
is about 50 per cent, short, damage being
done by drought and worms. The second
growth of cotton produced by the recent
rains . has proved more productive than
the first. ; ' lr J" '
Louisiana The weather has been ad
mirable for picking,and labor abundant.
The entire crop will be picked by the
end of the month. The second growth of
cotton has proved delusive; the - general
condition is better than it was two weeks
Mississippi ?The I prospects of the cot
ton crop have materially improved during
tne mat two weexs. ine weainer is nne,
and picking is. progressing. -Eighty per
cent, of the crop is already picked :
there will be about three-fourths of a crop
raised. r . . -
1 ' - .
Texas There have been frequent rains
but picking has progressed ; and $ ; of the
crop is picked : only a half of a crop will
be raised. ' ':,-" 1x4
Tennessee The weather has been rainy.
interfering with picking, which, how
ever, will be all through with by . Novem
ber 1. . - " i .-. -.
Comparative Cotton Statement. '
The following is the cotton statement
for the week ending Oct, 14th :
I 1881. ' 1880.
Net receipts at all United
States ports during the ' x ' " '
week, " - 186,035 208,088
Total receipts to this date, 776,747 859,181
Exports for the week, 93,105 73,808
Total exports to this date, 372,545 434,602
Stock at all.U. 8. ports, -: ; 503,021 X 458,552
Stock at all interior towns, 83,656 69,011
Stock at Liverpool, 591,000 396,000
Stock of American afloat for .
Great Britain, 162,000 204,000
Commencing October, 12th, Round Trip Tick
ets, between Charlotte and Yorktown Va., via
Richmond and West Point Railroad, good to re
turn until October 25th, will be on sale by the R
& D. agent in Charlotte, Price $13.80.
" ' ' 'A. POPE
Oct 14, 1881. Gen'l Pass. Agent.
.,i r't. ....
We have now removed to the . large double
Store-room, on College street, directly opposite
to our old stand, and will be glad to see all
our old friends and customers, and hope - to
make many new ones. This store has been spe
cially fitted up with new, strong floors. A large
Elevator and many other improvements, making
it one of the best arranged houses in the city to
display our goods. We will . continue to keep in
stock, 1 - ' ii ....
1 1. Implements of Various Kinds. ? V 11
Steel, cast and Roland Chilled turning Plows,
Cultivators, Harrows, Grain Drills, Feed Cutters,
Champion Reapers and Mowers, Horse Rakes,
&c. Headquarters in the State for the celebrated
unrivaled - , v adc i.x ' .'
A full line of GRASS SEEDS Rust Proof
Wheat and Oats, Rye, &c. ,
We store cotton and handle goods on commis
sion, and guarantee prompt sales and correct re
turns on all consignments.
: J. G. SHANNON HOUSE, Agent, . f
, s.t , Charlotte Co-Operative Association,"
Oct. 14, 1881. . : J .!
CottbiiV Buyer, ,
Corner Trade and College Sts , up Stairs.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Oct 14, 1881.
' : , : y ' r Onion Setts.'f Y' ! :
White and Red Onion Setts for sale by
.. . WILSON & BURWELL.
Lanterns and! Lamps. !
We have now on hand a fine stock of Lanterns
and Glass Lamps. ;
- WILSON & BURWELL,
Sept 30, 1881. ' ' Druggists.
Jdf Johnston's Ready Prepared Kal
Bomine, the best article of the kind now in use.
; . f r WILSON & BURWELL, Agents.
Laudanum Essences, Tutt's Pills, and all sucb
Goods as are sold by Country Merchants can be
bad very low at Dr. T. O. SMITH'S
8ept 17,1881. Drugstore.
Wholesale and Hetail Dealer in
FURNITURE, 7 BEDDING, &a
I have now In Store a well selected etock em
bracing everything found in a .'
First-class Furniture Store,
Such as Bedroom and Parlor Suits, Lounges,
Tet-a-Tets, Whatnots, Marble and Wood Top
Tables, Dining Tab es, Washatands, Bureaus,
Wardrobes, Book Cases, &c ? '
tST CHAIRS of all kinds and cheap Bedsteads
at prices to suit the times. , . . , ; t -
I respectfully solicit a shure of patronage.
- ALSO,'' '
COFFINS f all grades kept on hand ready
made. No. 5 West Trade Street,
J n 19, 1881 Charlotte, N. C.
Having removed my Saw and Grist Mills, on
the C. C. Railway, 9 miles North of Monroe, I
am now prepared to supply the public with the
very best pine or oak lumber, in any quantity.
Lumber at $8 per 1000 feet, delivered at the
railroad. , , ..
Special eootraets for large orders. '
Any order filled at short notice and satisfac
tion guaranteed. ; ; i J. M. CROWELL,
Oct 14, lw nt , r Stout.N. C.
Her Health and
Depend more on the regularity of her menstrual
functions than on any or all causes combined.
An actual or a living death Is the inevitable result
of deracgement of a function which makes wo
man what she is in every respect, and especially
in her mental and bodily constitution. Hence,
immediate relief from such derangements is the
only safeguard against wreck and ruin. In all
cases of stoppage, delay, or other irregularity of
the "courses' Dr. i. Bradfield'e Female Regula
tor is the only sure remedy. It acts by giving
tone to tbe nervous centres, improving the blood,
and determining directly to the organs of men
struation. It is a scientific prescription, and the
most intelligent physicians use it.
Prepared by Dr. J. Bradfield, Atlanta, Ga.
Price: trial size, 75 cents; large size, $1.50.
For sale by all. druggists.; 0K ii,-lh.i, U
Oct 14,1881. .
; ; Certincate Lost, j
' Application will be nude to the proper officers
of the Atlanta, Tennessee & Ohio Railroad Com
pany, for the re-Issue of Certificate No. 293 of the
Capital Stock of said Company, which is lost or
mislaid.' - ." . ... .v.
-,r A. G. NEEL, Executor,
Sept 16, 1881, 5w