Newspaper Page Text
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Home and Democrat.
CHARLOTTE, N. U.
Correspondence of the Home and D emocrat.
Nkw York, Oct. 31, 1881.
Editor Home and Democrat : If any of
your readers are among the "early birds,"
who can look out at 3 or 4 o'clock in the
morning, let me suggest . to them to de
vote a few moments to a consideration of
the brilliant display of planets in the
Southern part of the heavens.' I don't
ihink I ever, saw such a collection.' It
recalls Ellenwood's beautiful poem, the
"Marriage of the Sun and Moon," written
on the occurrence of a total eclipse of the
Sun, when the bride, as brides are in the
habit of doing, eclipsed the bridegroom,
throwing him entirely in the shade, and
bringing to light many of the lesser
luminaries, with "Venus a-peeping," as
Ellenwood expressed it. There may not
be a "marriage" vow, but there is evi
dently a "reception," at which all the
gods and goddesses, the elite of the
heavenly circle, are present. It is a eight
JfbTsome:of our poor mortals to peep at,
-f$ Tenuslike, before the dawn of day.
Speaking of the heavenly bodies, re-
HP minds me of an article on the Sun, by
Prof. Sbirblees of Haverford College, in
which it is stated that there are at present
spots on the Sun's surface, indeed there
are frequently, even generally, such spots,
but a long series of observations has
shown that they are most numerous every
eleventh year. The year 1882 will be
one of those eleventh years. 1 heir origin
is a matter of conjecture only ; but their
influence upon the earth and other planets
is suDDOsed to be material. In 1859 an
English astronomer was studying a group
of spots, when there burst out among
them an intensely bright object, like a
star, which moved across the solar disk
with great velocity, and vanished in the
short time of five minutes. At the exact
instant a great magnetic storm broke out
on the earth, telegraphic lines refused to
work, and severe shocks were given to
the operators; and in the evening bright
auroras were seen, even in latitudes as far
South as Cuba. A storm was on the sun
and the earth, and probably the other
planets quivered simultaneously with it
Schwabe, a German astronomer spent the
greater portion of his life in studying
these spots. He established their period
icity. People will of course be careful
how they attempt to look at these spots.
even through a smoked glass, for it is
ruinous to the eyes, if carelessly done.
At a Republican meeting in Brooklyn,
an orator eulogising his favorite candi
date for Mayor, said, "He was one of the
few good citizens who were willing to go
to the polls after an election and see a fair
count." The inference is that there are
dangers of an unfair count. Can such
things be in thin section ? Yes, they can
beat the South out of sight at that game,
even after having provided themselves
with glass ballot boxes. Indeed these
glass boxes were provided because of the
cheating, and is Certainly a help but not
a preventive of fraud.
The firm of Hayes fc Sanger has failed,
stating its liabilities at $150,662.87, and
92,947.84 of assets. One of the partners
gives in his "individual assets to be a pair
of sleeve-buttons of the nominal value of
1, but which are actually worth but 50
cents, and a scarf-pin, which though of the
nominal value of 75 cents, is really worth
but 10 cents. Mr. Sanger states his in
dividual assets to be a gold watch f the
actual value of $50, though the nominal
price is $125."
Chinese laundrymen abound in all parts
ol the city, Lee Sing and Ah Sin, and all
sorts of names on their signs. They wash
cheaper than others, probably, and so are
monopolizing the business and increasing
the hate of the civilized natives, who have
resorted to all sorts of annoyances, break
ing their windows, fcc. The Mayor has
been appealed to by them, and has warned
the police that he will hold them responsi
ble for such wrongs.
I have been so much occupied for a few
days past that 1 have not been able, and
am not now, to give as much attention as
usual to my correspondence. II.
A New and Curious Instrument.
One of the most carious uses of the
light from an incandescent piece of plati
num wire is furnished by an instrument
recently devised to enable physicians to
look into a patient's stomach and get
ocular information as to its condition. It
is a wonderful piece of mechanism, consis
ting of two tubes at right angles with each
other. At the, end of one is the piece of
plttinum wire in a glass case, and above
it is a window through which a view of a
part of the stomach may be projected upon
a mirror and thence reflected and trans
mitted by mirrors and prisms to the eye
piece at the other end. The piece of plat
inum wire is made incandescent by an
electrical current carried on wires inside
of the tube. The glass having been pas
sed down into the stomach, which is there
by illuminated, the physician, looking
through the eyepiece at the outer end of
th instrument, can see a reflected image
of that part of the stomach opposite the
window of the tube. By turning a little
wheel he can revolve the window so as to
bring different parts of the stomach suc
cessively into view. A great many very
delicate pieces of machinery are required
to give all the necessary motions in the
machine, and besides the features hereto
fore mentioned, a constant current of
water is kept circulating about the little
electric lamp to keep it cool. The metal
tube that enters the stomach is so jointed
as to be somewhat flexible, and yet it
presents no edges or joints that are likely
to do injury to the patient. Philadelphia
" II ,s predicted that corn will not
average over CO cents per bnshel this win
ter. It has been ascertained that a very
large amount of old corn is on hand in the
western graneries more than enough to
supply the demand.
FOR TEB HOVE ASD DEMOCRAT.
' Heroism of the Jewish Race., V ft
The unpopularity of the Jews during
tha middle: ages, has always prevented
their receiving that historical justice wnicn
is their due. Many painters and poets
have united to immortalize the Roman
father who drove the dagger into his
daughter's heart to save her from dishon
One painter, at least, Zichy, has left upon
canvass, a scene from Jewish history, com-
pared with which the slaughter ot the
beautiful Virginia seems tame. In the
year 1398, the Black Plague ravaged
Europe. The people, instigated by ig
norant and fanatical Romish priests, ac
cused the innocent Jews of poisoning their
wells, and at Teledo, Spain a terrible mas
sacre took place. During its continuance,
a wealthy Jew, son of the famous Rabenn
Asher, heard the crash of his bo! ted gates,
and knew that he had no mercy to expect
from the Infuriated mob. He determined
that the lovely women of his family and
his tender children should not fall into the
hands of lawless desperadoes, and with
his own hands he killed his wife, his
daughters and little children and then
himself. He did not like the father of
Virginia spare his own life, after taking
the lives dearer to him than his own; he
died with them. Zichy's splendid paint
ing gives the moment when the mob, led
by the priests bearing the crucifix, are
crossing the portal of the silent home, and
start back with horror, as they meet the
gaze of the dying husband and father,
still clutching the dagger with one hand,
while the other tenderly embraces a beau
tiful dead daughter. The wife, with a cheru
bic infant on her knee, and with the death
agony still upon her face has fallen at his
side. All, all dead, except the father, and
he in the act of drawing his last breath.
In the fortress of York England, in
1190, five hundred Jews shut themselves
up to escape the fury of the mob. When
they found there was neither hope nor
help for them, they first killed their wives
and children and then themselves. This
is, beyond question, the most painful epi
sode in Enerlish history. Th? governor of
the fortress had received them within its
walls, with the understanding that they
were to be protected. A monk urged the
populace to exterminate them, the gover
nor left the fortress, and the unfortunate
JewB naturally suspecting treachery, shut
the gates against him. They then saw
him join their enemies, and with the sher
iff of York, commence preparations, for
assaulting the place. Seeing every hope
gone the leader, a very learned Rabbi,
who had been but a h rt timein England,
thus addressed his dispairing comrades,
"Men of Isreal, God bids us die in defence
of his law, and our glorious ancestors have
thus died in all ages. If we fall into the
hands of these our enemies, not merely
death, but cruel torture awaits us. Let
ns therefore return to our Almighty Crea
tor the life which he gave; let us die
willingly- and devoutly by our own
hands." Then the Rabbi Jocen cut the
throat of his own . wife, : before kill-
ins himself. The others followed his ex
ample. On the uext morning when the
assault was to be made, a few Jews less
heroic than their brethren, and pale as
ghosts called to their assailants that they
complied with their demands abjured their
religion and would surrender. On this
condition, the mob promised to save their
lives! But as soon as they reached them
the little handful of cowards were
murdered. Oh, England, dear England,
would that this black and shameful page
in thy records could be blotted out.
: During the sway of the Moors in Spain,
the Jews found protection, and established
colleges of learning of brilliant reputation.
For three centuries, a civilization flourish
ed in which the Jew was the masterspirit
The great college, at Cordova the centre
oftcieuce in the west, was founded by two
distinguished Jewish scholars, Rabbi
Moses and Rabbi Haroch. The wife of
the former was captured in the Eg an
sea by a Moorish corsair, and to escape
the fate of such captives, plunged into
the Mediterranean sea. Rabbi Haroch
had, with all his learning, the Jewish
weakness for display, and is said to have
made his journeys with a retinue of seven
hundred richly drt ssed retainers. A modern
Jew, Disraeli, in commenting on beautiful
architecture, says nothing that he has
ever geen so exquisitely beautiful as a
Moorish shrine and chapel at Cordova.
"The blue mosaic and golden honey comb
roof, as brilliant and vivid as when the
santen was worshipped. The materials
are the richest the ornaments the most cost
ly, and in detail the most elegant, the
most fanciful and most flowing that I have
ever contemplated. And yet nothing at
the same time can be conceived, more just
than the proportion of the whole, and more
mellowed than the blending of the parts,
which indeed Palladio could not excel."
Going farther back in Jewish history a
noble example of heroism is found in Mar
iamne the wife of Herod the Great.
She was descended from the Asmonean
princes, and always regarded her own
race and family with a veneration which
was very distasteful to her tyranical hus
band. Although he loved her with idola
trous devotion, in a fit of mad jealonsyj'he
condemned her to death. She "submitted
to her fate with the intrepidity of inno
cence," not even changing color at the
moment of meeting a violent death. In
beauty and every feminine charm, sheta
said to have excelled all the women of her
age. "She died" say Prideany "as she
lived, great, firm and fearless to the
end." ' . ;
The Jews of the present day, have many
virtues, but they have not advanced a sin
gle step during the last thousand years.
They are like lamps which have once burn-;
ed brightly, but the oil is now exhausted.
A religion without the great atonement of
which alt winof-atonementsare mere types
and shadow, is likea light-house without .
its light.; felt is riot entirely useless, it fur
nishes the lighthouse keeper and bis family
with a shelter and a home; but the main
object of its erection is lost. No despair
ing mariner is saved by its light; no foun
dering ship escapes destruction by its aid.
Christians lose much by rejecting portions
of the Old Testament, cf which their Lord
nljl " yj rt i-kna lAf'kf 1 1 1 f 1 1 fihall naaa otirarv "
But Jews lose infinitely more by reject
ing the New Testament. When they
awake to the great ' central truth of the
untversej-the atonement of the Jewish Mes
siah, they will probably become the great
est, best and noblest race in the world.
They are at present, a manly race they
provide for their own; never shrink from
shouldering their duties to their own fami
lies and to sooiety. They require no orphan
asylums or widows' homes. ' As a lady
once remarked to me "You never see a ne
glected Jewish child." Still as rarely do
you see a Jewish woman who, ha. to make
her own living. The Jews are provident
husbands and fathers. But compare the
best class of Jews with the best class of
Christians, and I think the superiority is
greatly in favor of the latter. The power
of God a renewing grape makes them new
men. They have sweeter and more intel
lectual faces, they have nobler aims; -they
have, in their fullest results, the virtues of
faith, hope and charity. They liye for a
life beyond the grave, and the glory of the
future heavenly life is reflected upon the
present one. When we ' remember how
very transitory this life Is what folly it
appears, to bound our views and aims by
our earthly existance. A man may, for
his own comfort and well being, faithfully
perform many of the duties required by
the social and political codes but he
cannot raise himself from earthly and selfish
aims, unless he accepts the proffered hand
of Jesus Christ, the man-r-God, who raises
us supernaturally, from all that is "earth
ly, sensnal, devilish," He opens to our
wondering gaze, the gate of escape from
sin, sorrow, and suffering, to never ending
holiness, happiness and glory, n. m. i.
Washington, Oct. 29. Owing to' the
late hour at which the Senate adjourned
last night there was but a small attendance
of Senators when the Journal was read
Hill, of Georgia, offered the following
Resolved, That appointments to office
under the Federal government ought not
to be made to control or influence elections
in the several States, and appointments
made with such intent are unwise, unpa
triotic and contrary to the spirit of our
political institutions, and If continued
without rebuke by the people will become
dangerous to the perpetuity of our institu.
Hill aked for the immediate consid
eration of the resolution, but McMillan
objecting it was laid over under the
Washington, Oct. 29.--The Senate at
2.50 on motion of Allison, went into exe
cutive session. While the doors were still
closed, but after the transaction of execu
tive business had been concluded, Sher
man offered a resolution for appointment
ot a committee ot 2 to wait upon the i'resi
dent and. inquire if he had any further
business to lay before the oenate. lhe
resolution was adopted and Sherman and
Bayard was appointed as said committee.
Subsequently they reported that they had
performed their duty, and that the Presi
dent had nothing further to communi
cate. Maxey moved that when the Senate ad
journ to-day it be sine die. Agreed to.
Bayard offered the following resolu
Resolved That the thanks of the Sen-.
ate are hereby tendered to Hon. David
Davis for the courtesy,: the impartiality
and the ability with which, ;he. has per-
lormed nis auties as rresiaent pro lem.
Agreed to unanimously, and Mr. Davis,
having resumed the chair which for the
moment he had vacated said ;
Senators: I am touched by the gener
ous expressions in the resolution which it
has pleased the Senate to pass in my honor;
and I am grateful for the courteous co
operation which has been extended me
from all sides in administering the duties
of presiding officer of I this . high and en
lightened body. Hoping that every mem
ber of the Senate will return happily and
safely to his home and be permitted to re
sume his duties here at the next meeting
of Congress, it only remains for me to de
clare the Senate adjourned without a
day. . ,
The doors were then at 4:30 opened and
the usual leave-takings exchanged, and in
a few moments the Senate chamber was
A $1,500,000 Diamond Found. ,
From all accounts the wonderful Koh
inoor, or "Mountain of Light," the pro
perty of Her Majesty, is eclipsed by a re
cently discovered diamond lately found
in South Africa, aud now in the possession
of Mr. Porter Rhodes, who is, I believe,
the fortunate discoverer of the gem. The
weight of. the newly found stone is 150
carats. It is uncut, but from its peculiarly
favorable shape is not expected to lose
more than ten carats during the process.
The diamond is as big a a very large wal
nut, and. is described as "like a hailstone
in sunlight, of a bewitching transparency
and brilliant whiteness no other; precious
crystal, can vie with."" Most Cape dia
monds are of an inferior yellowish, tinge,
which detracts from the value of the
stonet; but-this specimen is not only the
largest ever discovered, but . of a purity
unsurpassed by any of its- compeers. I
understand that the stone was . receutly
shown to the Prince Of' Wales at Marl
borough House, : aud that his best dia
monds, when placed beside the Porter
Rhodes stone, were seen to be "off color."
Offers for his property . flow in upon the
lucky owner lrom all parts of Europe".
The first offer 'received was. 50,000; the
last made; last week, was 100,000. The
owter's bankers, I hear, are willing to adr
vance 50,000 against the security. The
stone will not, it is thought, change hands
under 200,000 more than 'the famous
Koh-i-noor .' is ' valued ' at. ' Mr. Porter
Rhodes asks the trifling sum'' of 300,000,
or $1,500,000 for his "property,5 and' does
not seem in any hurry to disposed it. It
is 'rumored that a Russian Prince is in
treaty for the jewel. London Letter.
Abolish the Internal Revenue Taxes.
Jd. Randall, who willrfwrhaps. be the
leader of the Democrats in the next House
Of Representatives, in his recent speech at
New York undertook to foreshadow what
would be the cardinal points of the Demo
cratic policy. He insists that President
Hayes committed a great wrong and in
jury to the people when he vetoed the
3 per cent, lunding bill, and says that the
Democrats will urge the passage of a new
act providing for .funding the'debt at 3
percent.'' He also declares himself to be
in favor of a revision of the tariff! As to
that the general opinion is that the tariff
ought to be revised and put on a basis dif
ferent trom what now exists. lint how
far the revision should go, and what policy
should be adopted in reference to it, are
questions on which there is much differ
ence of opinion.-. Mr. Randall represents
the views 'of. the Pennsylvania manufac
turers and belongs to that class of Demo
crats who advocate protective duties. His
constituents are all imbued with those
notions, and they. think that their interests
are largely promoted by a protective tariff!
Because of this Mr. Randall urges a re
vision of these duties from the standpoint
of protection. Aud the better to effect
his purpose he declareshimself in favor of
abolishing all internal revenue taxation.
He finds it to the interest of his manufac
turers that the tax should be removed
entirely from tohacoo and whisky, as well
as from matches, patent medicines and
bank checks. . . :
Our understanding of the matter is that
many large Northern manufacturers of
whisky and tobacco seriously object to a
repeal of the tax on these articles, because
they have invested great sums of money
in buildings and machinery for : their
manufacture, and do not desire to have
the competition which smaller concerns
springing up all over the country would
necessarily bring. Being established, and
having in some measure the run of the
business, they do not desire such a great
change as would result from a total abol
ishment of , all internal revenue taxes.
Generally the people of the South have
been free traders, and believe that a pro
tective tariff is against their interest. But,
nevertheless, they are heartily opposed to
the internal revenue laws, and would re
joice to see them wiped from the statute
book. But there are two horns to the di
lemma ; or. , rather an apparent choice is
presented to abolish the internal revenue
and retain the protective tariff, or retain
the former and abolish the protective fea
tures of the tariff. Mr. Randall takes the
first. That is his preference, as it is to the
interest of his manufacturers. While the
subject is not a new one with us, we have
not considered it sufficiently maturely to
pronounce irrevocably for one course or
the other. . But the weightier argument
seems to us to be in favor of abolishing the
internal revenue taxes. The internal rev
enue system is a part of the war legisla
tion ; it is an outgrowth of the war, and
we want to see .it gotten out of sight.
Besides the system is a corrupting influ
ence in politics, and is a hot bed prolific of
evils, and we favor getting rid of it at
almost any cost. The tobacco interest,
being largely a Southern industry, ought
to be relieved trom this oppressive tax.
We would hail with great satisfaction that
day which would free us from the pres
ence ot: collectors, and inspectors and
deputy marshals, who scour the country
and arrest our citizens, and break up their
business, and keep certain sections of the
State in a whirlwind of turmoil. We have
said there is an apparent choice. It is
only apparent, for there is no reasonable
hope of our being able in the near future
to overcome the power of those who insist
on a protective tariff.
. No matter what we may do they will
have their protective tariff! By taking
the other course we would lose all and
gain nothing. We still oppose and shall
never agree to the evils of a protective
tariff, but it is not practicable to relieve
ourselves of its burden at this time ; we
sacrifice then nothing of. principle in advo
cating the abolishment of all internal rev
enue taxes, for it is odious and hurtful to
our people, and lends greatly to consouda
tion ; nor do we sacrifice anything that is
practical, for experience teaches us that
we need not hope to get rid of the tariff.
We can only hope in the future to ameli
orate its worst features. Nor are we sorry
to see those ; whose long purses enable
them to buy ; silks and wines from abroad
pay something out of their abundance to
wards the support of the government for
those luxuries. Kaleigh Observer.
The Georgia State Flag.
It does look as if some people in the
Worth will never recover the frightful
shock to their nerves caused by the "old
rebel yell," during the late unpleasantness.
It will be remembered that the Legisla
ture of the State adopted a State flag
about two years ago, which nag is com
posed of three striped red, white and
red with the Georgia coat-of-arms on a
blue field for the Uuion. This flag, it is
ture, bears some resemblance to the Con-
iederate nag of classic memory, but it is
Bimply nothing more nor less than the
colors of the Empire State of the South,
and as each comoany or regiment at the
Yorktown Centennial bore the colors of
its respective State, so the gallant Chat
hams bore with them a - by no means
large flag of their State.
.. The sight of this pretty piece of silk
was enough to throw the special York-
town centennial correspondent of the New
York Herald into a tremor. - Ignorant of
the real character of the nag, he immedi
ately rushed to the conclusion that the
Chatham Artillery, about twenty-five
stiong, had deliberately come to the Cen
tennial for the purpose of starting another
''rebellion," so he immediately sits down
and writes his paper regarding what he
evidently imagined was a great discovery,
calling attention to the fact that the Chat
hams were displaying to the gaze of the
world the offending, and, at one time,
greatly, dreaded stars and bars of the
South. He must have been terribly
frightened, too, for he magnified those
twenty-five or twenty-six artillerists into
ten whole companies (see his letter in
Friday's Herald): Perhaps he had Once
been at Olustee, and, if so, as he then
probably imagined each member of this
corps to be about twenty-five feet high,
so now his fears led him to see in about
every two men of the visiting detachment
a formidable company.' ""' .
; We trust the frightened correspondent
of this prominent New York paper has
had his nerves somewhat quieted by this
time. At any rate it is to be hoped that
after he reads this article his ignorance
will be bo far enlightened that when next
be beholds the Georgia State flag the
sight' will not throw him into a conniption
fit, iw , . : ....
-) The great English historian; Ed ward
Freeman, is on" a visit to 'the 'United
- Comparative Cotton Statement.
: The following Is tbe cotton statement
for the week ending Oct. 28th :
1 1 f-3 : 111 ! ,' .JcC 1881.
Net receipts at all United
States porta during the,
week, , y 202,114 248,932
Total receipts to this date; 1,163,632 1,320,500
Exports for the week, ; 86,628 131,113
Total exports to this date, - -539,042 678,785
Stock at all U. S. ports, ' 646,270 643,507
Stock at all interior, towns, - 104.194-' 98,635
Stock at Liverpool, f ? t ; 1 533,000 -360,000
Stock of American afloat for
Great Britain, 164,000 268,000
- Cotton Crop Report.""
Nkw Orleans, October 29. The fol
lowing is a summary of the Democrats
cotton crop specials:
Alabama Reports from a number of
points indicate the crop to be about 86
per cent, of that of last year. The weather
has been very wet and unfavorable for
picking. About one-half of the crop has
been marketed. Picking will be over by
Arkansas The yield is 63 per cent, ot
that of last yar, or 43 per cent, of the
average orop. Picking will be finished by
Florida The yield is 82 per cent, of
last year's crop. The weather is favorable
for picking, which will be over by No
vember 15. One half the crop has been
Georgia The weather is favorable for
picking. An average crop will be gath
ered. Picking will be over by Novem
Louisiana The yield is 58 per cent, of
last year's crop. The weather is wet and
unfavorable for picking, which will be over
by November 15th.
Mississijpi The yield is 77 per cent,
of last year's orop, but is better than was
expected. The weather is very wet, in
terfering greatly with picking. Picking
will be over by November 15th. About
80 per cent, of the crop "has been gath
ered. Tennessee The yield is 60 per cent, of
last year's crop. Three-eighths of the crop
has been marketed. - Picking will be over
by November 20th. . ; :
Texas The yield is about 58 per cent.
Picking will be over by December 1st.
To Shoot Ten Miles.
Possibly the largest cannon ever cast in
this country was run into the mould iuthe
foundry of the Reading (Pa) Iron Company
recently. The gun is known as : the
Lymann-Haskell accelerating or multi
charge cannon. It has a six-inch bore.
Its peculiarity is that along t he bore are
located four pockets from the chamber to
the mouth of the piec. These pockeis are
filled with powder, and when the powder
in the chamber is discharged and the ball
moves, the pocket,: powder discharges as
the ..ball passes -each- pocket -and the
accelerating force is thus produced The
cnamber powder is ol coarser gram and is
therefore slower burning than that used
in the pockets. The inventors claim that
this revolution in heavy ordnance will
enable them to throw a solid shot three
feet in length and weighing 150 pounds a
distance of at least ten miles, and that it
will penetrate through a solid mass of
wrought iron twenty inches thick. They
claim also a velocity of 3,000 feet' per
6econd. ILach pocket will be loaded with
twenty-eight pounds of powder, and the
chamber will contain but eighteen pounds.
The mould will be left in the pit for several
days to cool, when the great gun will be
taken to the maohine shops of the company
- -The Richest Find Yet:- :r 1 -
A remarkable pocket of emeralds, quartz
crystal, etc., has been .found in the "Hid
denite mine" in Alexander county. On
Monday last an open cavity, having the
extraordinary dimensions of sixteen feet
in depth, three feet in width and seven
feet in horizontal length was discovered.
The surface walls of this cavity were thick
ly studded with beautiful- crystals of
quartz, varying in size from those weigh
ing twenty-five pounds down to minute
crystals. Jb ully four hundred pounds were
obtained in all. In this pocket were dis
covered nine of the finest emeralds ever
found at the mine, or in the whole United
We had the pleasure of viewing the
"find" yesterday. In color they were nne
grass-green and were for-the most part
transparent, lbey were 'all twelve-sided
and had a smooth flat termination. Placed
end to end their combined length was
over thirty inches. The largest emerald
was eight and one half inches long and had
an average diameter of one inch. The
other varied in length from two to six
Mr. Hidden states that the finding of
emeralds of the above size is without a
parallel in the mineral history of the
United States, and he doubts if the famous
mines of Siberia have yet produced
emeralds of these lengths and color. He
says further, that while these North Caro
lina emeralds are not quite equal in color
to those from Bogota, in South America,
yet they are fully equal to anything from
other known localities, and as the work
progresses in Alexander county and the
mine gets deeper, the color and tranf par
aucy of the emeralds improve. Statesville
tdHT" Howard M. Kutchin, of Wisconsin,
who was confirmed last week as collector
of internal revenue for the district of Mil
waukee, was first nominated for that posi
tion by Mr, Hayes. He bad,; however,
published iu hi paper an article advising
that Northern Democrats be treated as the
negro was alleged to be treated by the
Southern Democrats, that the shotgun
should be used and their wives and daugh
ters be outraged, all of which aroused a
strong opposition to him in the Senate.
Under the leadership of the late Senator
Carpenter, who ' led the fight against
Kutchin, the opposition, including all the
Democrats, wis strong enough to defeat
the confirmation. Kutchin was. again
nominated by the late President Garfield,
but the nomination went down in the
Conkling-Robert8on fight and was not
acted upon. President Arthur again
nominated him and he was confirmed,
by a strict' party vote Senator Davis
voting with the Republicans. Washing
ton Post: '
The telegrams announce the ap
pointment of Chief Justice Folger,of New
York, to the head of the Treasury De
partment' Some question having arisen
as to whether or not the term of Post
master General James did not expire
thirty days after Gen. Garfield's death, he
has been reappointed; This, we presume,
is merely to set at rest all qnestions of the
kind and Mr. James will go out in Decem
ber with the rest of the cabinet.
h Ml v-$ fUi : -
j GoVl5Jarvi9,-)rdered " special;; terms fof
superior Uourt for tne lol lowing counties:
Hertford county, December Judge
Graves';' Northampton, January 9, Judge
Graves; Davidson, January 9, Judge Sey
mour; Mecklenburg, January 9, Judge not
The citizens of Rockingham county are
rising np with indignation against the
County Commissioners for levying high
taxes to meet current expenses. They
say the levy is in "excess of coustitutionaf
limitation, and, in const queuce unconstitu
tional. Winston iSentinal . ,; k v
E2f' We hare known for sometime past
that negotiations were pending to sell the
Cape Fear & Yadkin Valley railroad (run
ning from Fayetteville towards Greens
boro) to certain Northern capitalists,1 and
we are pleased now to learn that there is
a reasonable certainty of the sale being
made. The present management have
worked most faithfully to complete this
road, but the want of money has hindered
them. President Gray and the ' directors
have done all they could to push forward
this great work of internal improve
ment;" but "there ""seemed no " prospect of
their being' able to buy the iron and lay
the track upon the road-bed already grad
ed. It is the intention of the purchasers
to speedily complete the vlaying of the
track to Greensboro, and to open a line
direct from Cincinnati. Pittsboro Record.
A little son of Mr. H. G. Maxwell,
residing in this county, died recently from
the effects of a solution of lye, prepared
for washing purposes, which the child got
hold of and swolled in an unguarded mo
ment. The' little fellow was an intense
sufferer for some weeks, but human skill
could not save him. Let 'this sad affair
prove a warning to others who carelessly
leave lye and potash within reach of chil
d ren.- Ooldsbord Messenger. ''
Committed Suicide. Mrs. M. J. Stout,
of Stokes county, committed the horrible
crime of suicide, a short time since, by
drowning herself in Town Fork Creek,
near what is known as Kiger's Pond. The
coroner's jury summoned in the case rend
ered a verdict of "voluntarily drowning."
The cause of her untimely death is attri
buted to family troubles of which she had j
from time to time made mention as being
many and grevious. Winston Senti-
A Budding Town. The sale of town
lots in the prospective city of Troy, at
the junction of the-Augusta fc Kooxville
and the Atlantic & French . Broad Rail
roads, took place last week. We. are , in
formed that ; seven . acres realized. - over
twenty-seven hundred dollars. We 'are
glad to see that the work of building a
church there, is being pushed in earnest.
We have no doubt it will succeed. A..R.
Presbyterian. - '-
OfT" A rumor has prevailed in town
this week that the Richmond & Danville
syndicate had leased the Carolina Central
Railroad, extending from Wilmington to
Shelby. As yet, however, the report lacks
confirmation. Mr. A. M. Vannoy, of
this place has received from his brother at
Ore Knob, Ashe county, a cabbage head
which weighs twenty-Beven pounds. To
say that it is a whopper would seem to be
a work of supererogation. Statesville
North Carolina at Atlanta.
. Notwithstanding the failure of the State
to make an oppropriatiorf for an exhibi
tion of North Carolina's resources at At
lanta, our State will still make a credita
ble appearance at . that grand Southern
fair. " .
The Agricultural Department has made
the necessary arrangements and the Old
North State will hold her head well up
alongside ber sisters. Too much credit
cannot be given to Commissioner McGehee
Prof. Kerr, . Mr. Wilson and the others
who have busied themselves in the matter
for accomplishing' these results under ad
verse circumstances. Indeed, North Caro
lina will practically have two separate
exhibits there, for besides that made under
the auspices of the Agricultural Depart
ment, the Richmond and Danville Railroad
Company also has one embracing Virginia,
INortn Uaroiina and outh Carolina as
well. -" -'--! - -: i '
This undertaking on the part of that
road will inure to our benefit, and more
than that, that company has been unusual
ly liberal to the Department of Agricul
ture, giving , free transportation for the
whole of our State exhibit. We gather
from the Wilmington Star that the exhibit
of North Carolina products made by that
road is fairly satisfactory; and we are
sure that, the exhibit made -under . the
superintendence "of v Commissioner Mc
Gehee and Prof. Kerr-will be -highly
creditable. Mr. Wilson obtained 1,300
feet of space, and this, we think, will be
entirely nlled. ,
There will be in our State collection
more than a hundred specimens of our
native woods, and a hne collection of mar
bles and building stones, : besides those
rarer stones and minerals that are used in
commerce or the arts. In addition there
will be an exhibit of our fine North Caro
lina tobacco, including the celebrated yel
low leaf; of cotton, jute, rice,' both low
land and upland ; and of our home-raised
silk; of our mill stones, and of all our
ordinary field products. In fine, specimens
will be shown of all we produce. Raleigh
Our stock is now complete in all details, and
n i m , - . nr
we mvue an inrpeciion oi gooas ana prices, we
guarantee to sell the very beat goods a . the very
. Lowest Prices, f 7
We carry in our stock a good assortment of
Dress Goods, Domestic : Goods,
il Cassimeres, Flannels, Jeans, ?
Tickings. Gloves, Hofekry," Clothing, Shoes;
Hoots. Hats, Caps, Trunks,; values, and all other
goods adapted to general .household and family
uses. ... , p.
Every body is invited to call and examine our
stock. V, Respectfully, . - .if..
Oct. 21, 1881. ' T. L. 8EIQLE &CO. 1
Wine and Whisky.
We have fine brand of wine and whisky, for
medical use. -
Oct 21,1681.'- WILSON & BUR WELL.
' Cough-Syrup.1 '
. Burton Cough Syrup is the best. '- Simple, safe
and sure. Sold by
Oct. 21,1881. . WILSON & BCRWELL. :
v;'- Perfumery. '. ' ' :-
Soaps, Perfumery.' and all kinds of toilet arti
cles, can be found at .
! WILSON & BUniYIiIi D - ;
" ' Drug Store, "" ?
Oct 21,1881. , . ,J,-. Trade Street.
; 'xlSic Onion Setts. '
White and Red Onion Setts for sale by
WIL90N & BURWELL.
N. -C Supreme Court Decisions.
State 'ysi Howell Spier, from Pitt Mo
tion byv the' State for a writ of certiorari
to correct the record.
Abram Cox vs. W. B. Fort, administra
tor, from Pitt. Put to the end of the dis
trict. Owen W. Dail vs. Julia A. Jones, from
Greene. Put to the end of the district.
Alex. Oldham and wife vs. First Na
tional gapk et 1 als J DffendanV appeal
from New Hanover. Argued by McKae
and Strange (bv brief) and D, J. Devane
tor the plaintiff, and . Martin for the
defendants. . m :
W. H. Dail et als. vs. Sarah W. Sugg,
from Greene. Put to the end of the dis
trict. " ' ... , .,
Alex. Oldham' and wife ' vs. First Na
tional Banket alsl Plaintiffs' appeal from
New Hanover.- Argued by McKae and
St ran ere fbv brief and D. J. Devanafor tha
plaintiffs, and K S. Martin for the de
fendants. " ' ' .
EXECUTION" SALE. "
By virtue of as -execution 'against Jefferson
Hurd in my hands, I will proceed to sell the two
Lots in the city of Charlotte at the corner of Bill
and Graham streets, and known on the Map of
the city of Charlotte as the Hurd Lots sale to
take place at the Court Bouse door on the 5th
day of December; 1881.
M. E. ALEXANDER.
Oct 28. 1881. 6w Sheriff.
Send for Photographs and Prices.
I sell as chean as anv Furniture TIouha in th'
Mir fitnro in 145 fut lnnor nn ha tnt flnn. mr.A
J " UVA1 .UU
140 feet on second story. - I carry an
Immense Stock of Furniture.
T a Ion tppn RaVhV . f.mwa (roe Xf.(M..A. O!.
r invs, AtaiuoacB, na
tures, Mouldings, Frames, Window Shades, Cor
nices and Mirrors. V.JZli'.L i ' J -
Also, a full line of Coffins and Caskets.
Thos. W. Andrews, formerlv with Mr TI fohnia
is with me. :
Come a ad see us at the White Front
; - . E. M. ANDREWS,
Successor to E. G. Rogers,
Oct. 28, 1881. Trade St, Charlotte, N. C.
; ; : first class v .
First Mortgagef Bonds ($150,000,
; 30 years, SiPerent Inter
est) Atlantic, Tennessee & Ohio
Railroad, extending 47 miles
', - from Statesville to Charlotte.
The undersigned, having been appointed agents
of the Atlantic, Tennessee A Ohio' Railroad, to
place the 1st Mortgage Bonds recently author
ized by the Board of Directors, beg leave to offer
them to the public by subscription.
The recent lease of this Road to the Charlotte,
Columbia & Augusta Railroad for the term of 99
years at an annual rental of $25,000, Secures the
payment of interest beyond peradventure, be
sides paying 3 per cent on the stock ot the Com
pany. As these Bonds run 30 years,- and . the in
terest is thus secured, they become one of the
best investments that can be offered. The Board
M Y" ... I. . 1 . nnn
000, but only $150,000 (or $3T00 per mile) will'
be , issued at present, and perhaps this latter
amount will never be exceeded.
For further particulars apply to
. n : V. . 7M. P. PEGRAM, K
. v . i Cashier 1st Nat. Bank,
or A. G. BRENIZER,
. Cashier Com. Nat Bank,
Oct. 28, 1881. 4w ' Charlotte, N. C.
(EIF" For Retail Trade, to which we
pay special attention, we buy the best goods to
be found ' " v "
? WILSON & BURWELL,
Sept 30, 1881. , v . - v Druggists.
"i AJiceuiura unvo auuionzeu sine issue oi szuu.-
JAS. P. IRWIN,
; At the - old PosT'OFFick1 Stand, .
.:!-." Near the Court LTouse, ;
Offers to the public, at lowest prices, a fine stock o f
; Staple and Fancy Groceries.
Including various grades of Floor, Sugar and Mo
lasses, Corn Meal, Racon and Bams. . A fine selec
tion of Teas, Coffees and Spices. ' '
Choice Soda Biscuits and Family Crackers.
Canned Goods; Jellies, Pickles, &c, &c.
Chewing and Smoking Tobaccos and Cigars.
Just received, finest quality of Oatmeal. Also,
10 pound Kits of best Mackerel.
Also, Bran, Mill Feed, Corn and Peas always on
hand. i- w.-'..'- ...'
Turkeys, Geese, '
Fresh country Chickens; Apples, Cabbage, OAT
MEAL, and Richmond Sweet Potatoes by the
Oct 7,1881. " J 8. M. BO WELL.
Housekeepers take Notice."
The finest assortment of first class Fancy Gro
ceries in Charlotte, among which are many arti-
filftB new fnr this market hava Inot hum
March 18, 1881.. . . r , PERRY'S.
Cooper's Elix. Buchu, Juniper. Cubebs and
Blland Gin, unsurpassed for all diseases of the
kidneys. Sold by WILSON & BURWELL,
Oct. 21, 1881. Druggists.
Lanterns and Lamps.
We have now on hand a fine stock of Lanterns
and Glass Lamps.
WILSON & BURWELL,
Sept 30, 1881. . . Druggists.
E. J.. HALE & SON,
. . PUBLISHERS,
Booksellers and Stationers,
IV Murray Street, NEW YORK.
Invite orders for School, Miscellaneous and Stan
dard Books, and for all, kinds of Staple Station
WRITING PAPER8-Cap, Letter Note and
other sizes.- . - ? . -
BLANK BOOK8, of all Grades. . ': ' :
KNVKIDMirU ll anI yr1M - J 11
SCBOOL SLATES, best quality, all Sizes. J
Slate and Lead Pencils, Pecs, Inks, Mucilagey
I Feb 18, 1881. J ? 1 ' E J. HALE & SON.
Job naton's Read jr Prepared Kal
somine, the best article of the kind now in use.
WILSON & BURWELL, Agents.
j A .::; Castor , Oil, .
Laudanum, Essences,- Tutt's Pills, and all such
Goods as are sold by Country Merchants can be
bad very low at . . - Db. T. a SMITH'S
lool. . i .. : . Drug Store.
' i FOR SALE.
Some very desirable property in the city of
TkT . . TT T . . m) . . .
beautifully shaded with Elm trees: Well of
nu. j. xiuuse who i roomiL in m. mrcm vnrrt
water and every convenience ; usually desired;
located on Trade street, near the Air Line Depot. '
Apply to Gen. D. H. Hill, Fayetteville, Ark.
No. 2-An English'Cottaze With-S rooms. ' in a
very quiet, destraDie part of the city ; good V
of water, Gas, and ail necessary out-bu.ldiogs.
Apply, to qen. v. tx. mil.
No. i 3 -A larze f amil v residence, on Trron
street, opposite J. Li Morehead'a. It contains 10
rooms, a has a , spacious yard - aud handsome
45ramda.:.r:Kij'm' i.t & et.s.:t---. m i--
i Apply to Qen J D.IH. Hill, or to J. P.Btrong,
Editor Home and Democrat, or Mr. Frank Irwin
at City Alius, Charlotte, N. C.
ct. 7, 1881. U