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9h(f Oh'tirlotio Hooo anfl Ooaoosat, Bbaslotto, D. 6.
Home and Democrat.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Correspondence of the Home and Democrat.
New Yobk, Nov. 7, 1881.
Editor Home and Democrat: I am
rery glad to see that the World's travel
ling correspondent (understood to be Mr.
Page, of Wake county, N. C.f) is more
just to his native State in hia letter from
Atlanta on her physical resources, than
he was lately on her educational and men
tal' progress. His letter in the World ot
the 1st inst. , describing what be saw at
the present great Southern Exposition,
is exceedingly gratifying, and may well
excite the strongest feeling of pride in the
bosom of every North Carolinian. Some
of you no doubt are familiar with the
facta stated by him, though they may be
new to the great majority. I hope his
letter will be copied in North Carolina
DiDers. Ita publication here at the North
mayjopen the eyes of some here who
have heretofore underrated the resources
of the South but are at last beginning to
In the Herald of the same day is a
scarcely less important letter, so far as
the whole South is concerned, than that
of Mr. Page. It is from the great Boston
manufacturer, Edward Atkinson, whom
the ITerald claims as the original sug
gester of the Exposition, who writes on
hia own behalf and that of a committee
representing one-eighth of all the cotton
spindles of the United States, to express
his and their "profound convictions of the
great importance and grand success of
this Exposition.' "The Exposition in its
cope, in its influences, and in its com
pleteness, exceeds anything that I had
dared to dream," says Mr. Atkinson.
"Few can conceive the magnitude, the
variety and the representative character
of what is here." "These are the begin
nings of great improvements and, results
profoundly affecting the whole industry
of this country more than any exhibition
, ever held anywhere." "The potentiali
ties of the future are to be found here in
the ores, in the timber, in the coal, in the
productions of agriculture, in new - ap
paratus, new machinery, and absolutely
new inventions for the treatment of cot
tonall in wonderful variety." This is
strong language, not from a Southern man
but from a citizen of Boston. It is one of
the many indications of the awakening of
the North to the great truth that this
generation will not pass away before the
South will have become the most pros
perous section of this great country. It
will rise from the ashes in which Sherman
Since the above was written I have seen
and read with intense delight the state
ment by Mr. McGehee, the Commissioner
of Agriculture, of the showing made by
North Carolina at Atlanta, far surpassing,
as he says, that of any other Slate, in its
miueraU, its ores, its metal, its marbles,
its granit, its marl, its mill stones, its
corundum, its mica, its woods, its jute, its
wheat, its rice, its tobacco, its cotton, its
wines, its cotton and - woolen manufac
tures, and its silk. We have known here
tofore that North Carolina possessed all
these riches, but she has never heretofore
taken the trouble to show them to the
rest of the world. All honor to those
who have been patriotic enough to collect
and forward them to the. Exposition.
Their labor yrill bring its reward, pos
sibly not to themselves, but to their pos
terity and the State. -'i ; ''
The World relates how a' New York
Judge, of the Tweed ring, consented to
sign a certificate in favor of a candidate
for office. "Certainly, with pleasure.
Don't know the man, and don't want to
know, him, but I will sign anything except
a promissory note." :
Passing along Pine street a few days
ago I saw two news-boys on opposite
corners, eaoh with bundles of papers on
hit arm; crying out lustily, "Here's the
first newspaper ever published in America
gives a full account of the death of the
first President of the United States,
George Washington." These newsboys
are generally sharp enough to know that
the first newspaper was published a cen
tury or two before the death of the first
President, but they doubtless supposed
that not everybody was as well informed
as themselves. - v
On the same street trenches were being
opened to lay the pipes for Edison's Elec
tric light the first that I know of in the
street below Brome street. From that up
Broadway and Fifth Avenue, as well as
in many side streets, stores, dec, the elec
tric light, either Ed i hod's or Brash's, is
introduced already. It makes a light
almost like that of day. J As to its , cost
compared with gas I am not informed,
but its illuminating power throws gas in
The following epitaph is attributed to
the Rev. Legh Richmond, of Bedford
shire, England : ? ; "i
"Here lies Jim, the wandering Gipsy, '
Who was sometimes sober, yet oftener tipsy ;
But with the world he seemed to thrire,
r .r he lived to the age of a hundred and five."
. '-'.'' "V; '; . : . , ii.
The Griffin correspondent of the Atlan
ta Constitution tells the following story of
a cow in that city: - "One of the most re
markable cows 10 the history of the bov
ine race has just come under the observa
tion of your reporter. Her cowship is
owned by Mr. 8. B. Mc William, of this
eity. She isjust like any other ordinary
cow. with an exception which I shall name
within a few lines. She gives her two gal
Ions of pure, rich milk twice every day,
and goes about her business without say
ing a word. The strange history connect
ed with her is that she has had eleven
pairs of twins, and every morning wh. a
sent to the pasture carries in her wake the
twenty-two oalyes. There is no myth
about this story, but it is vouched for by
some of onr best people."
. Gov. Vance's Address.
"'r: The Raleigh Observer gives the follow
ing synopsis of Gov. Vance's Address at
the Colored People's Industrial Fair at
Raleigh on Nov. 3d :
"Senator Vance was pleasantly intro
duced by the colored master of ceremonies
as a man who had won in the highest de
gree the regard and respect of the colored
people of North Carolina, and as one
whom theydelight to honor. The Sena
tor then began a speech of an hour's
length, whicb, from beginning to end, was
full of admirable things, good, cheering,
commendatory words for the colored peo
ple. It was an earnest, intensely practi
cal talk, with just enough of wit and hu
mor to give it zest.
; Senator Vance said: "The world
moves. If any one had told him ten years
ago that he would to-day be here address
ing the third annual fair of the colored
?eople he would have been astounded,
'be exhibition you make does your race
credit and does your State credit. The
people of other States cannot realize its
extent, its merit, its importance, Sixteen
years ago you were slaves, set free by
violence, after a long civil war, with no
land, no houses, no property of any kind,
and now wonderful to relate, you are con
tending with your late masters for the
prizes of peace, while one of your late
masters addresses you and others sit with
you and wish you God speed in your work
of progress and advancement, moral, so
cial and industrial. It does our common
humanity credit, a credit the future will
not fail to give. No man can deny that
you have had a hard time of it. But yes
terday a race of slaves, iguorant and un
educated, you were set free in a manner
calculated to ipfiame haired. Yet, not
withstanding all these things, peace reigns
and good feeling between the rapes in?
creases, day by day, month by month,
season by season. No man will deny
that you were unfitted for the duties of
freedom ; that you lacked that foresight
and manly self-dependence that was need
ed to make you self sustaining. And yet,
while these were all against you, you have
had such good as rarely falls to the lot of
any people. Your lot baa been cast in
pleasant places in the genial and fertile
soil of good old North Carolina, among a
people with whom you were raised and
to whom you are bound by a thousand
ties. Yes, your lot is cast in a State
which has no equal in the plentitude of its
old-fashioned freedom ; handed dpwn by
the ancestors of the white race, but in
which you are free , and full participants,
To-day you are precisely upon the same
footing as the while people in all matters
of law and of public education."
The speaker then said he had never
asked colored men for their votes, but
that when he became Governor he at
once made it a duty and a pleasure to see
that the negroes of North Carolina bad
exact and equal justice before the law,
with full participation in the privileges of
the public schools. In thus benefiting
the colored people, he declared that he
had benefited himself and the State.
Then the Senator went on to speak of the
vast responsibilities resting upon the col
ored race, responsibilities which grew
greater day by day as ignorance gave
place to intelligence. The duties of citi
zenship, so varied and so important, are
onerouo, but cannot be lightly observed.
So far, the speaker declared, he had no
reason to feel dissatisfied with the pro
gress made by the colored race in North
Carolina since the war, lor in all respects
it had been equal to that made by the
white race. Your percentage of increase
in population is larger than that of the
white people, while the percentage of
your children at the public schools is
greater than that of the white race. You
have accumulated much property, and if
you continue to progress will soon be a
Senator Vance adviged his auditors not
to lay too much stress on education, but
to learn how to work. He urged a care
ful compliance with contracts, paying that
character and integrity were the poor
man's capital. Again he alluded to the
good feeling between the races, and to hia
delight at the exhibition, and then urged
his hearers to acquire land, not to be ten
ants, but owners. With much su eh good
advice and amid continuous applause he
closed his admirable address." 1
Electric Light Wonders.
Mr. Edison, has just completed and
transmitted to Prof. F. G. Fairfield, of the
New York College of Veterinary Sur
geons, an electric lamp which has the
novelty of being probably the most minute
ever constructed. The electrodes, or car
bon points, are only onetenth of an inch
in diameter, the object being to obtain
the highest attainable intensity within
the smallest possible space. It requires a
battery of about 40 cells. The flame will
not exceed the dimensions of a silver five
cent piece, but will concentrate within
this limited area the power of five hun
dred candles. The conductors are scarce
ly larger than a hair, and the electrodes
are adjusted by means of a delicate screw
movement, capable of altering the dis
tance of their points from each other one
ten-thousandth of an. inch, if necessary.
The instrument was made to illuminate a
microscopic objective constructed upon
the neWly discovered law of homologous
sections. This lens renders it possible to
obtain a power o 60,000 diameters. At
such a power only a section of a colored
corpuscle of human blood can be viewed
at a time. : Computing the molecule of
living matter to be about a twenty mil
lionth of an inch in diameter. Prof. Fain
field believes it possible to project the
image Of it upon a screen with the help of
the lamp, and to take photographs Bhow.
ing the molecular constitution of such
complex bodies as albumen.
A Tbibctk to Southern Loyalty.
The Boston Transcript, a staunch Republi
can journal says : "The Confederate shout
is in the Southern blood. , Years qpon
years will be required to eliminate it.
When the recollection of dangerous ex
periences flashes upon the apprehension of
individuals, bringing back the times when
the thud of bullets and whizzing of shells
cemented a comradeship that only death
could disrupt, the, pent-up emotions will
find an utterance identical to that signaliz
ing the period of the utmost peril This
leeling can coexist with the most perfect
loyalty, as is now evident. If occasion
demanded, Southern battalions, mingling
the Confederate y el 4 and Union cheers,
would rally to the support of tfre general
governmentwith the same enthusiasm that
inspired them in their unequal contest
against American nationality,"
Shipments 'of coal from the Sewanee
coal niine9 during the month of October
amounted to 769.331 bushels. ' This is
149,859 bushels more than last Octo
N. C" NEWS.
Th North Carolina M. E. Con
ference meets at Durham on Wednesday,
Nov. 23rd. " ;
" Col. John D. Cameron has purchased a
half interest in the State Journal, and that
paper will hereafter be issued semi-weekly
as well as weekly.
o OnQ innDSnla in ilia iipn! t fn-
tiary, of which number 75 are f white and
234 colored ;,50 females, 2 white and 48
After an illness of some length the Rev.
Branch H. Merrimon died at Aaheville, on
Monday, in his 80ih, year. The deceased
was the father ot the Hon. A. S. Merri
Sam Rives, colored, of Cameron, ex
hibited at the Industrial Fair at Raleigh
a spirit barrel, made of oak, in five separ
ate compartments, so that it will contain
five different fluids. So well is the bar
rel made that it looks like a solid pieoe of
We learn that worms are destroying
the wheat in some sections of this coun
ty. The farmers in this section are
complaining about their timber being des
troyed by persons who eo through their
lands on hunting excursions. Shelby
Dr. J. T. Graves, one of our most suc
cessful farmers, left at our office yesterday
a stalk of cotton, of second growth, in full
bloom, containing 19 white blooms, and
several nearly grown bolls. This is from
the Georgia Extra Prolifio seed, and this
growth is almost unprecedented. Wilson
Mr. W. M. Day found a stalk of corn in
his field, bearing three ears, which, when
shucked and measured one after the other,
averaged 26 inches in lengtb. Mr. Day
also gathered irora a ten acre field, four
two horse wagon loads more of corn, this
fall than he got from the same piece of
ground, last year. He has also a turnip,
raised this year, nine inches across.
Thisdosen't sound much as if the drought
had ruined this county. Lenior Topic.
Westkbit Cokn.- Within the past
month the Western North Carolina Rail
road has laid down at Statesville fifteen
car loads of corn from Chicago. This corn
is delivered here at 90c. per bushel. All
of it is for purposes of distillation, and it
is to the credit of the distillers that they
have, in view ot the supposed short
crop in North Carolina, looked beyond
the borders of the State for corn to
convert into whisky, Landmark.
tdST Mr. H. E. Bonner, our Post Mas
ter, met with a paiulul accident on Tues
day last. On his return from Abbeville
in a buggy with Prof. : Young, and when
in about a mile of Due West, as they were
going down a hill, a part of the harness
gave way. The mule began at once to
run, and Mr. Bonner jumped out of the
bnggy; in doing so he broke bis leg about
the ankle. Prof. Young remained in the
buggy and was unhurt. Mr. Bonner suf
fered a good deal the first night, but is
now comparatively comfortable. A. R.
On last Friday, James Warden, Bill
Woddte and Jiramie Barker were shot by
a man named Roberts, who was stilling
near Laurel Springs, in this county. War
den lived twenty-six hours after he was
shot lived long enough to tell his family
that liquor had been his ruin, that there
was no hope for him in eternity. He died,
leaving a broken-hearted wife, and a
large family of little children. The other
two boys are said to be fatally wounded,
though they are still alive. From what we
can learn. Warden, Woddie and Barker
were trying to forcibly take liquor from
Roberts, and the shooting of the three was
the result. Lenoir Topic.
We yesterdiiy watched some well-diggers
at work. They were aboutj20 feet
from the surface of the earth, and at that
depth the soil was as dry as : powder.
There, was nut the slightest evidence of
moisture. This shows the effect of the
long drought. Capt. R. F. Laswell, of
Durham, who has been suffering for the
last six months with a large internal tumor
in the neighborhood of the liver, had a
surgical operation performed on Thursday
last, and was relieved of sixteen poinds
(two gallons) ot water or fluid substance.
He is now doing well, and hopes, under
the skillful , treatment of his physicians,
to be speedily cured. Raleigh Obser
ver. 1 The quantity of rice now coming into
our market has never been even approxim
ately equaled heretofore; it arrives in
carts, waggons, canoes and even the im
posing corn cracker is pressed into its ser
vice. We learn, that the work of grad
ing on ihe Midland N. C. Railroad has
been pushed about eight miles beyond
Goldsboro, and is more - satisfactorily ad
vancing day by day. It is stated that
more than 500 laborers are employed on
the work. Rough rice is coming in in
enormous quantities and sells readily at
from 95 cents to $1.10 per bushel. New
corn at 60 and 75 cents per bushel. New
bernian. Mr. Patt Abernethy was acquitted at
Bakersviile court this week for the killing
of Mr. Sparks last summer. The trial
terminated last Wednesday. The jury
were not out more than five minutes
before they brought in a verdict of "Not
guilty." Mr.' James Winkler, of Burke
county, came to Hickory last week and
purchased a revolver and on his return
home he was examining and carelessly
handling it not once thiuking of it being
loaded, wheu the pistol was discharged, the
ball entering his thigh. Surgical attention
was given, but no ball could be found.
The finest lot of wheat that we have seen
this fall was brought here by Dr. Scott, of
Caldwell county. The grains were large
and well matured and it was entirely free
from all kinds of trash. , Messrs. Shuford
& Abernethy paid fl.?0 per bushel for
it. Messrs. Shuford, Gwynn & Coare
cow erecting a large cotton factory on the
waters of Gunpowder, in Caldwell county.
The location is known as the old Beard
Forge and is only one mile from Lovelady,
and about seven miles from Hickory,
Water, is plentiful and the dam has a fall
of about fifty feet. The factory is a two
story building 50x100 feet, and will be
completed in a few week. Two mem
bers of the firm, Messrs. A. A. Shuford, of
Hickory, and N. H. Gwynn, of Patterson,
have returned from Lowell, Mass.; and
Providence, Rhode Inland, where they
have been to purchase their machinery
which is the latest improved and the very
best make, a part of which will be here
about the first of next month, when it will
be put up and the factory started at once.
They will ran about thirty thousand
spindles, . which will ..consume a large
quantity of cotton every day. The com
pany is putting up on the grounds six
residences for tenants and a building for a
store of general merchandise. Hickory
... , NEWS ITEMS.
The Nashville merchants pay over $300,
000 annually for snufE -"
- Cotton has been about all picked out in
the hill counties of Arkansas.
The cotton production of Arkansas for
the year 1880-81 was 705,000 bales.
W. H. Gardner has been elected presi
dent of the Mobile cotton exchange.
- The "dried fruit crop in the Knoxville
section of Tennessee, will be 400 cars.
Diphtheria is playing havoc with the
children in Allen oonnty, Kentucky.
Forty-two acres of land in Mason coun
ty, Kentucky, recently sold for $125 per
The wells end water courses are lower
in Jackson connty, Florida, than ever
It takes $30,000,000 for freight and
insurance to place a year's cotton crop in
the New England market.
Thirteen hundred and ninety-one farmers
have paid for their fertilizers in Greenville,
South Carolina. :-
Bainbeidge, Ga., November 4. Judge
Wm. O. Fleming died at his home in this
Martin Kinkawski, the murderer of
Nina Muller in Jersey City, has been sen
tenced to be hanged on the Qth of January
The railroad ; bridge over the Licking
River at Cythiana, Ky., on the Kentucky
Central Railroad, was totally destroyed
by fire last night.
Suppose Hancock had been elected last
year. How the present queer little boom
in confederate paper would have alarmed
all the republican organs ISpringfield
A prominent merchant of Athens
Ga, says that he is daily besieged by
young men from the country soliciting
positions as salesmen, and they are willing
to work at the mere price of board. But
they are not willing to work in the field at
any price. It would brown and roughen
their little hands,
. The Philadelphia Record tells us that
the Holland hydrogen process, which in
volves the disintegration of water, making
it serve the place of fuel, has proved a suc
cess. It also says that last summer we
were thrown into a state of alaim by re
ports of ice-worms eating np the ice; and
now comes the coal bugs to make qs trem
ble for our quota of fuel. There is noth
ing like something new to talk about.
The Keeley motor man is threatened
with trouble. Everybody has heard of
this genius who can develop incredible
power out of a drop of water. He has
been at work for several years on a motor,
and his experimental machine has been
seen; by hundreds, and none can account
for the extraordinary power exhibited
through it by the nse of water only. His
stockholders, after paying in large sums,
have grown weary of waiting for results,
and have threatened him with legal pro
ceedings nnless he patents gome of his
The Bristol and North Carolina Narrow
Under this head the Lenoir (Caldwell
county) Topic speaks very encouragingly
and enthusiastically of the prospect of the
speedy construction of a road across the
mountains along the proposed roate, and
copies extracts from the Bristol Courier of
October 27th, which, after alluding to the
opening of subscription books, the organiz
ation of the company, the election of a
Board of Directors, and the eleotion of
Gen. Imboden as President for the ensuing
year, closes as follows : "Full power was
conferred upon the Board of Directors to
take the necessary steps and adopt mea
sures for the speedy construction of the
company's railroad, and for its equipment
and operation. The President is entirely
confident that he can consummate negoti
ations, within 90 days, that will insure
rapid work on the road during the coming
year. He has lately returned from an ex
tensive examination of the country, and
finds that Carter and Johnson counties,
Tenn., and Mitchell and Watauga counties,
N. C, composed a region next to, if not
equal, to the Lake Superior Iron and Cop
per District. The mineral wealth between
Bristol, Tenn., and Lenoir, N. C, a dis
tance of 113 miles by the railway survey,
is so vast that capital is eager for its de
velopment. Wilmington is now certainly
settled upon as the Atlantic seaport to
which the road will be built."
The Search for the Jeannette.
Sax E'eancisco, Nov. 5. The schooner
Golden Fleece, which left here July 18,
with Lieut. Ray and a signal service
party to establish a Meteorological sta
tion at Point Barrow, returned this after
noon. Capt. Jacobson reports that on
Oct. 1 he spoke the whaling bark Dawn
in Behring Strait, and learned that in the
latter part of September the Dawn had
spoken the United States relief steamer
Rogers in the Arctic Ocean. Capt. Berry
reported that he had completely circum
navigated the so-oalled Wrangel Land and
had landed in several places, but bad
failed to find any trace of the Jeannette.
He intended to winter either on Wrangel
Land or on the neighboring Siberian coast.
Beyond establishing the insular character
of Wrangel Land, the cruise of the Rogers
bad been barren of result. Capt. Jacob
son reports that he left Lieut. Ray and
party September 17th at a new station
c lied Oagla Lamie, five miles west of
Point Barrow. All were in the best of
health and spirits. Capt. Jacobson ex
pressed entire unbelief in the story of a
wreck and white men having been seen
by the natives eastward near MacKenzie
River. He heard nothing of the kind
while at Point Barrow, aud is positive that
if any such information had existed among
the natives of the northern coast it would
have come to his knowledge. His theory
is that the story referred to the whaler
Vigilant on the Siberian coast. He con
firms previous reports of an open but very
stormy season in the Arctic ocean.
Govenor Bigelow of Connecticut
says of the suit which was made for him
at the Atlanta Exposition: "That coat was
made in a day. The cotton was growing in
the morning, and I was. receiving in it in
the evening. It was brought to meat
Gov. Colquitt's inanition, two miles outside
of the city of Atlanta. You couldn't tell
it from broadcloth in the evening, but of
course in the daytime and under a close
inspection, it looks rough and shows its
true character." It has a coarse but not
nnseemly appearance, and is lined with
silk. The vest was made of a sort of
basket cloth pattern. It is colorless and
of - the regular reception style. It is
backed and lined with an elegant pattern
of white brocaded silk.
The Growing Cotton Crop. -The
members of the Cotton Exchange
have estimated the growing cotton crop.
There is a wide difference between the
highest estimate, which is 6,505,000 bales,
and the lowest, which is 5,175,000 bales.
That the latter estimate approaches some
where to correctness is shown by 900 re
spondents to tfradstreet', representing
over ninety per cent of the counties in the
cotton belt. The following table fhows
the average probable out-turn of each
State, Oct. 24: i
Below Last Year, per Cent.
North Carolina and Virginia, 31.4
South Carolina, 36.5
Georgia and Florida, 25.3
Average for cotton belt, 30.5
Last month's report showed the condi
tion of the crop to be 34.5 per cent below
that of the preceding year.
The reports received this month indi
cate that in every State a portion of the
crop is still healthy and making fruit
which may mature. From North Caro
lina, Tennessee, and Arkansas, however,
nearly all the reports are that the top crop
is not likely to mature before the frost, as
it requires several weeks of clear warm
weather to mature. From Texas, also,
the prospects for a top crop are reported
bad, in consequence of too much rain hav
ing made the plant green and sappy.
From South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama,
Missouri, and Louisiana the reports are
that in th portions of the State where the
plant is healthy, and where worms have
not destroyed the new growth, the pros
pect for a top crop is fair, and, with fa
vorable weather and frost delayed till
November 10, the out-tnrn there may be
somewhat improved, though not much.
If the top crop in Texas, Arkansas, and
Tennessee does mature, it will materially
add to the yield in those States.
A special telegram from Gen. Hazen of
the Signal Service Bureau, Washington,
indicates that the heavy rains which have
generally fallen throughout the cotton
belt since Oct. 24 must have injured the
grade of the unpicked cotton, and must,
for a time, have put a stop to picking and
the further maturing of the crop. Tele
graphic reports mention light frosts in
parts of Tennessee, Arkausas, and north
ern Texas, which will most probably kill
off all the seoond growth, and destroy the
chance for a top crop in those States.
The following per cent age of each
State's crop is reported still fruiting and
liable to make a top crop : North Caro
lina 30 per cent, South Carolina 20 per
cent, Georgia 23 per cent, Alabama 16
per cent, Mississippi 20 per cent, Louis
iana, 18 per cent, Texas 45 per cent,
Arkansas, 25 per cent, and Tennessee 37
per cent, the average for the entire coun
try being 29 per oent of the crop.
The reports in many instances mention
that the yield of lint cotton from seed
cotton is very light, and that the result
of ginning shows it '.o be smaller than re
ported last month. It is also noted that
the bales are very light, the cotton being
dry and fluffy. It is impossible to get as
full weight of cotton into the bales as was
the case last year.
On the above thowing, a fair estimate
of the crop of 1881 would be about 4,500,
About Confederate Bonds and Money.
Statements have been made, and again
have been denied, that there is deposited
quite a sum of money in the Bank of Eng
land to the credit ot the Confederate
States. We have not deemed it at all
possible that this should be so. The Con
federate government had money abroad,
but it was in the hands of agents, and
probably in nqcase was a dollar of it ever
deposited In the name of the Confederate
authorities. The agents deposited it in
their own name, and were responsible to
the government for the disbursement of
the fund committed to their charge. The
amount in their hands was never large,
and there were continual demands upon
them; so there is no likelihood that any
thing of consequence remained at the end
of the war. We doubt if the assets of the
Confederacy in England at the termina
tion of hostilities amounted to fifty thou
sand dollars. We notice, however, that
the officers of the United States pretended
that the balance, if any over there be
longs to the United States government.
That is hardly so.
Were there any moneys in the Bank of
England, or elsewhere, held as the prop
erty of the Confederate States, the States
formerly composing the Confederate
States would be entitled to it, and on ap
plication we think would get it. Right,
reason and law were entirely lost sight of
in the days following the end of hostilities.
But now law would be observed and the
rights of the parties interested would be
respected. North Carolina and the other
Southern States in 1865 had a fund raised
for a purpose which J.he . courU of the
Union would hold to be unlawful, but,
nevertheless, the fund so raised belonged to
them if it has not been covered into the
treasury of the United States. If there is
any money deposited abroad to the credit
of the Confederate States, North Carolina
would be entitled to her part of it. We,
however, do not think there is any euch
fund. Raleigh Observer.
The Star Roctk Cases. It is reported
says a Washington dispatch, that the
President has given distinct intimation to
those concerned that be desires the prose
cution of the star route cases to be pro
ceeded with without any further delay.
The President realizes that the dilatoriness
of the counsel employed by the govern
ment does not look well, to say the least
of it, and he is determined that none of the
responsibility for delay shall rest on bis
shoulders. It is said on the authority of
a prominent ex-official of the Post Office
Department that the late President Gar
field expressed only a few days before
the 2d of July his belief that the star
route prosecutions would amount to
nothing. The ex-official says General
Garfield made the remark to him per
sonally. The St. Louis Republican says : "There
are many farms in Missouri now on which
the crop is worth more than the land.
Twenty dollars per acre is above the aver
age price of good land, and yet the crop
on ' every acre which has produced fifty
bushels of corn 1 worth more than twenty
dollar. We have heard of several in
stances where farmers who have purchased
land this year have raised crops on it
which they could sell for more than the
Comparative Cotton Statement,
The following is the cotton statement
for the week ending Nov. 4: :
Net receipts at all United
States ports during the
week, 215.216 252,657
Total receipts to this date, 1,375,848 1,575,897
exports lor toe weefc, 113,722 149,501
Total exports to this date, 652,764 825,163
Stock at allU. S. ports, 696,602 702,471
Stock at all interior towns, 182 550 116.741
Stock at Liverpool, 509,000 417,000
Stock of American afloat for
Great Britain, s .t 161,000 231,000
Cotton Crop Report.
New Oeleans, y .November 5. The
Democrat has received a number of spe
cial dispatches concerning the condition of
the cotton crop, of which the following is
a summary :
Alabama Rain and frost have occurred,
the weather is fine and cool, and good for
picking, which will soon be over.
Arkansas The cotton crop in some
sections of the State is all gathered, but
not yet marketed in consequence of the
rain lately, but the rain has damaged the
crop very slightly, except to interfere with
the picking. The crop, it is estimated, is
now smaller than it was a month ago. The
farmers are holding back their cotton for
Florida The weather is good for pick
ing, which is nearly finished. Two-thirds
of the crop hag been marketed. .
Georgia The past week has been fa
vorable for gathering. The dry, hot
weather has caused the cotton to open un
usually last, and it is being picked as fast
as it opens. Very little of the crop has
been marketed, the planters being too
busy. A heavy frost occurred on Thurs
day, but did no damage.
Louisiana The weather has been rainy
and very little field work has been done.
There has been no change in the yield.
Most of the crop has been marketed.
The balance! is rapidly being shipped to
market. ! ' '
Mississippi The cotton has been dam
aged somewhat of late by rain, but the
weather is now fine. A frost occurred on
Friday morning. The picking will be
finished by December if the weather con
tinues as at present.
Tennessee tThe weather during the
past week has been unfavorable for pick
ing. The crop will be gathered by No
Texas A heavy frost occurred on Thurs
day. The cotton crop ebows no change.
The worms still continue. The yield is
now calculated at five-eights of a crop.
Ninety percent, of the crop has been pick
ed and half marketed.
Some Facts Abont Mormonism.
Mormonism is not a dead institution.
It is a thing of the present, as well as the
past, and is stronger to-day than ever
before. There are 109,000 Mormons in
Utah. Of these 33,000 are under eight
years of age. All above this age are
members of the "Church of Latter Day
Saints." Of these 76,000 members, 23,000
are officers ; so that there are two officers
out of every five men. The Territory of
Utah is divided into about twenty "stakes,"
or districts, Salt Lake City being the cen
tral stake. These stakes are again divided
into wards. There are 231 wards in the
Territory, twenty-one of which are in Salt
Lake City. Over each ward are placed a
bishop and two counselors, and under them
are deacons and teachers. It is the duty
of these deacons and teachers to visit those
who live in their respective wards, the
wards being portioned off in districts for
their convenience. Thus the control of
the Mormon hierarchy over every mem
ber is complete. A telegraph runs from
the Endowment house, in Salt Lake City,
through all the principal wards, passing
through the houses of the bishops, and
operated by members of their families.
The net proceeds of the tithing, for
the year ending April, 1879, were $493,
000. Prof. J. M. Coyner, principal of the
Salt Lake Collegiate Institnte, in an
interesting pamphlet entitled "Letters
on Mormonism," states that the income
of the church from the tithing is about
$1,000,000. All this money passes into
the hands of the officers, and no report of it
is ever rendered to the people. Chicago
Napoleox, Ohio, November 5. This
morning the jury, in the trial of ex-Gov.
Scott, ot South Carolina, for the mnrderof
young Drury, brought in a verdict of not
Ex-Governor Scott was tried for the
murder of W. G. Drury on January 2,
1880. He was indicted for murder in the
second degree. Drury was a drug clerk
in Kneeland's drug store, and on the even
ing of the murder was taking care of a
young son of Governor Scott, who was
drunk. The Governor went to get his
son, and says that Drury refused to admit
him to the bedroom and made a movement
to draw a weapon, whereupon the Gover
nor drew a pistol aud fired the fatal shot.
The defence is that the shooting was
Oeaxgebueg, November 5. Mr. L. R.
J. Ziegler, while on a deer drive, accident
ally shot and killed himself, in attempting
to handle the gun of a friend who wished
to call off the pack from a false trail. . The
entire load of buckshot entered bis body,
tearing his vitals through.
Our stock is now complete in all details, and
we iBTite aa inspection of goods and prices. We
guarantee to sell the very best goods a", the very
We carry in our stock a good assortment of
Dress Goods, Domestic Goods,
Cassimeres, Flannels, Jeans,
Tickings, Gloves, Hosiery, Clothing, Shoes,
Boots, lists. Caps, Trunks, Valises, and all other
goods adapted to general household and family
Every body is invited to call and examine our
stock. Respectfully, , -
Oct. 21, 1881.
T.L.SEIGLE & CO.
Wine and Whisky.
We have fine brand of wine and whisky, for
Oct 21, 1&81. WILSON Ss BCRWELL.
Burton Cough Syrup Is the best Simple, safe
and ture. 8old by
Oct 21,1881. WILSON & BUR WELL.
Soaps, Perfumery, and all kinds of toilet arti
cles, can be found at
WILSON & BURWELL'S
Oct 21, 1881. Trade Street
White and Red Onion Setts for sale b
WILSON & ,BUR
Seizuek of Distiixeeiks "and Whis
KY.For some irregularity at the distil
lery of Fries, near this place, last week,
19 barrels of whisky were seized with
stills and other property, by Revenue offi
cials, and likewise the distilleries of W. A.
Daniels, and he bound over to Court by
Commissioner Anderson, upon waiving an
examination. It seems that the whisky
had been removed during the night, and
buried in a recently plowed oatfield, with
due regularity covered with the plow, and
was found after the fashion of Federal
soldiers dnring the war, banting - for hid
den treasures secreted by the Southerner!,
sticking their bayonets in the ground, the
officials in this case using sharpened rods.
; Nash viixk November 6. Massy Hill,
colored, who attempted to commit an out
rage on a little girl near Manchester, was
taken from jail by a mob last night and
EXECUTION S SALE.
By virtue of an execution against Jefferson
H urd in my hands, I will proceed to sell the two
Lots in the city of Charlotte at the corner of Hill
and Graham streets, and known on the Map of
the city of Charlotte as the Hurd Lots sale to
take place at the Court Bouse door on the 5th
day of December, 1881.
M. E. ALEXANDER,
Oct 28. 1881. 6w Sheriff.
Send for Photographs and Prices.
I sell as cheao aa anr Fnrnitnre TfonaA In th
State. V V
My store is 145 feet 1nni nn thn flmf itnn-
140 feet on second story. I carry an
Immense Stock of Furniture.
I also keep Baby Carriages, Mattresses, Pic
tures, Mouldings, Frames, Window Shades, Cor
nices and Mirrors.
Also, a full line of Coffins and Caskets. '
Thos. W. Andrews, formerly with Mr. Nichols,
is with me.
Come and see us at the White Front.'
E. M. ANDREWS,
Successor to E. O. Rogers,
Trade St, Charlotte, N. C.
Oct 28, 1881.
First Mortgage Bonds ($150,000,
30 years, Six Per, Cent Inter
est) Atlantic, Tennessee & Ohio
Railroad, extending 47 miles
from Statesville to Charlotte.
The undersigned, having been appointed agents
of the Atlantic, Tennessee A Ohio Railroad, to
place the 1st Mortgage Bonds recently author
ized by the Board of Directors, beg leave to offer
them to the public by subscription.
The recent lease of this Road to the Charlotte,
Columbia & Augusta Railroad for the term of 99
years at an annual rental of $25,000, secures the
payment of interest beyond peradventure, be
sides paying 3 per cent on the stock of the Com
pany. As these Bonds run 80 yean, and the In
terest is thus secured, they become one of the
best investments that can be offered. The Board
of Directors have authorized ; the issue of $200,- '
000, but only $150,000 (or $3,200 per mile) will
be issued at present, and perhaps this latter
amount will never be exceeded. . -
For further particulars apply to
M. P. PEGRAM,
Cashier 1st Nat Bank, .
or A. G. BRENIZER,
uasmer uom. nat Bank,
Oct 28, 1881. 4w Charlotte, N. O.
tW For Retail Trade, to which we
pay special attention, we buy the best goods to
be found. -;; - "
WILSON & BURWELL,
Sept 30, 1881. Druggist.
JAS. P. IRWIN,
At the old Po8t-offick Stand,
Near the Court House, 1
Offers to the public, at lowest prices, a fine stock of
Staple and Fancy Groceries.
Including various grades of Flour, Sugar and Mo
lasses, Corn Heal, Bacon and Hams. A fine selec
tion of Teas, Coffees and Spices.' -, - -
Choice Soda Biscuits and Family Crackers.
Canned Goods, Jellies, Pickles, &c., &c
Chewing and Smoking Tobaccos and Cigars.
J ust received, finest quality of OatmeaL Also,
10 pound Kits of best Mackerel.
Also, Bran, Mill Feed, Corn and Peas always on
Turkeys, Geese, ;
Fresh country Chickens, Apples, Cabbage, OAT
MEAL, and Richmond Sweet Potatoes by the
Oct 7, 1881.
. M. HOWELL.
Housekeepers take Notice.
The finest assortment of first class Fancy Gro
ceries in Charlotte, among which are many arti
cles new for this market, have just been received
March 18, 1881. PERRY'S.
Cooper's Eliz. Buchu, Juniper, Cubebs and
Holland Gin, unsurpassed for all diseases of the
kidneys. Sold by WILSON & BURWELL,
Oct 21, 1881. Druggists.
Lanterns and Lamps.
We hare now on hand a fine stock of Lanterns
and Glass Lamps.
WILSON & BURWELL,
Sept 30. 1881. Druggists.
e: j. hale son;
Booksellers and Stationers,
17 Murray Street, NEW YORK.
Invite orders for School, Hiscellineoas and Stan
dard Books, and for all kinds of Staple Station
ery. WRITING PAPERS Cap, Letter Note and
BLANK BOOKS, of all Grades.
ENVELOPES, all sizes and colors and quali
ties. SCHOOL SLATES, best quality, all sizes.
8lte and Lead Pencils, Pens, Inks, Mucilage,
Feb 18, 1881. E. J. HALE 4 SON.
g3? Johnston's Ready Prepared Kal
aomine, the beat article of the kind now in use.
WILSON & BURWELL, Agents.
Laudanum, Essences, Tutt's Pills, and all suck
Goods as are sold by Country Merchants can be
bad very low at Db. T. C. SMITH'S
Some very desirable property la the city of
Charlotte. r '
No. 1 A House with 7 rooms, in a large yard,
beautifullv shaded with Elm trees: Well of
water and erery convenience usually desired ;
located on Trade street, near the Air Line Depot.
Apply to Gen. D. H. Hill, Fayetteville, Ark.
No. 8 An English Cottage with 8 rooms, is a
yery quiet desirable part of the city ; good Well
of water, Gas, and all necessary out-buUduES.
' Appij u ura. if. xx. xiiii.
No. A large family residence, on Tryon
street, opposite f. L. Morehead's. It contains 10
rooms, has a spacious yard and handsome
grounds. . : . .- -
Apply to Gen. D. H. Hill, or to J. P. Strong,"
Editor Hom& and Democrat or Mr. Frank Jjrwra
at City MUls, Charlotte. N.C.
t'ct 7,1881. tf