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OLD SERIES s VOLUME XXX.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1881.
VOLUME XL NUMBER 552
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Charlotte Home and Democrat,
Published evert Fhidat by
J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor.
Terms Two Dollars for one year.
One Dollar for six months.
Subscription price due in advance. '':
. , o
"Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte. N.
C. as second class matter," according to the
rules of the P. O. Department.
ROBERT GIBBON, M. D ,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
(Office corner 5th and Tryon Street,)
Tenders his professional services to the public,
as a practical 8urgeon. Will advise, treat or
operate in all the different departments of Sur
gery. March 5, 1881. ly
Dr. JOHN H. McADEN,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.,
Has on hand a large and well selected stock of
PUKE DRUGS, Chemicals, Patent Medicines.
Family Medicines, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye
Stuffs, Fancy and Toilet Articles, which he is de
termined to sell at the very lowest prices.
Jan 1, 1879.
DR. T. C. SMITH,
Druggist and Pharmacist,
Keeps a full line of Puie Drugs and Chemicals,
White Lead and Colors, Machine and Tanners'
Oils, Patent Medicines, Garden seeds, and every
thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he
will sell at low prices.
March 28, 1879.
J. P. McCombs, M. D ,
Offers his professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
both night and day, promptly attended to.
Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite
the Charlotte Hotel.
Jan. 1, 1873.
DR. J. M. MILLER,
Charlotte, N. C.
All calls promptly answered day and night.
Office over Traders' National Bank Residence
opposite W. R. Myers'.
Jan. 18, 1878.
DR. M. A. BLAND,
D e n t i 8 1 ,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
Feb 15, 1878.
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Practice Limited to the
EYE, EAR AND THROAT.
March 18, 1881.
A. BURWELL. P. D. WALKER.
BURWELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts,
Office adjoining Court House.
Nov 5, 1880.
WILSON & BURWELL,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Trade Street, Charlotte, N. C,
Have a large and complete Stock of everything
pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they
invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale
Oct 7, 1880.
HALES & FARRIOR,
Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers,
Charlotte, N. C,
Keeps a full stock of handsome Jewelry, and
Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair
Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, fec.
done promptly, and satisfaction assured.
Store next to Springs' corner building.
July 1, 1879.
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Grocers and Provision Dealers,
Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses,
Syrups, Mackerel, Soaps, Starch, Meat, Lard,
Hams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c, which we
offer to both the Wholesale and Retail trade. All
are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar
Jan 17, 1880.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Groceries, Provisions, &c.,
College Street. Charlotte. N. C.
Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash,
and buys Country Produce at
highest market price.
tW Cotton and other country Produce sold on
commission and prompt returns made.
Nov. 1, 1881.
Cotton Buyer and General Commission Merchant.
In Sanders & Blackwood's Building,
North College St , Charlotte, N. C.
March 20, 1881.
H. W. HARRIS,
Attorney at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in the Henderson building, nearly oppo
site Court House.
Sept 2, 1881. 3mpd
Charlotte Marble Works.
W. G. BERRYHILL,
Charlotte, N. C,
Dealer m MONUMENTS, TOMBS & GRAVE
STONES, and MARBLE-WORK
of every description.
Having just returned from the North, where I
purchased a large assortment of fine Monuments,
Marble Slabs, and a good assortment of Stone in
my line, I am prepared to offer fair terms to suit
the times, to persons wanting work in my line,
and guarantee satisfaction. 1 have in my employ
some oi me dcbi w or Km en to De round in the
Southern States. W. G. BERRYHILL.
Sept. 16. 1881. 3mpd
Peas and Pea Meal.
The very best food for horses and cows. For
sci 1 6 by
Central Hotel Barber Shop.
GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen
tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonsorial Art in its
various branches. He and bis assistant Artists
are so well known for their skill that it needs no
multiplicity of words to inform the public where
uearua can De sn&vea smoothly ana hair cut and
drpflsfri in fashmnahln a tula Uaiih J:in.(ili
v..vuw.w. wj v nuv. miiu uiouaivu.
Give him a trial. GREY TOOLE.
July 29, 1881. Under Central Hotel.
The French aoM lAra in Tnnii wm
presented with little plates of metal on
nruiuu meir names were engraved, to be
D v iv Vllvll
necks. The soldiers were told that these
tags would enable the survivors to identify
the bodies of those who should fall in battle.
It is not difficult to think of an occasion
more cheerful than , these presentations
must have been. "
as loner as we are in ft rnndltinn in ranAay
We have & rnmnlf utnr-k- nf ni.nk.mttini
Tools of the best quality and at prices that will
iu iucui wuu id me reacn oi every jrarmer.
riov. i, iosu. & HAMMOND-:
ALEXANDER & HARRIS
Are now opening a very large and beautiful
LADIES' NECKWEAR, a trPmendnna atk
of Table Linens, all grades. A large stock of
Marseilles Quilts. All kinds of Flannls Rakt
Opera and Plain.
Thej are making a specialty of
For Gentlemen and Youths, this season.
Thev have HooD-Skirta. Whit CinnAa T
Embroideries of all kinds, and other goods too
numerous to mention
Remember we have a larp-e stork nf Pamota
also cheap Cassimeres, Jeans. Ac. for oants and
:W "Foster" Kid Gloves, natented Jnn Iftrli
1876. Ask for a pair of the Foster Kid Gloves,
the best in the market.
ALEXANDER & HARRIS.
Sept 30, 1881.
Hargraves & Wilhelm.
Our Fall Stock is now complete, and the hand
somest and cheapest ever offered in this market.
It embraces a full line of Silks, Satins and Surahs,
in all shades and qualities.
Our stock of Dress Goods and Dress Trim
mings is the most varied and attractive ever
seen in this city.
Ulsters. Walking Jackets, and Children's Cloaks,
in all qualities and shades.
Shawls, Balmorals, Repellants. Cloakines. Oil
Cretonnes, Worsted Fringes, to match. Velvets,
velveteens, riush, oec.
A complete line of Flannels. Cassimeres. Da
masks and Towels.
A large assortment of Ladies' and Gents' Neck
We have an immense stock of
Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing,
That we are selling at extremely low prices.
All we ask the public and our patrons is to give
our stock a careful inspection. They will find
the greatest variety and cheapest stock of Goods
ever shown in this place.
We will save you money by calling to see us.
All-wool Plain Black Bunting at 15 cents.
HARGRAVES & WILHELM.
Sept 30, 1881.
Cotton Gins Insured
AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE.
The undersigned is ready to issue Policies of In
surance on Uotton Uins or Mills run either by
steam or water. This is an important matter to
farmers and owners of Gins and Mills, and their
attention is especially called to it.
12. JN 112 HUTCHlSUrt,
Sept, 9 1881. Agent.
We are now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock
Containing all the latest styles and qualities of
Ladies', Misses and Children's
Hats and Bonnets.
Also, all the novelties for trimming: Feathers,
Flowers, Ribbons, Silk, Flashes, Satins, Orna
Also, our usual large and attractive stock of
White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Neck Wear,
Gloves and Hosiery, Corsets, Shawls Cloaks,
Skirts, &c. Another large stock of Ladies' Mus
lin Underwear just received, that we are offering
at f ery low prices.
UCt. 14, 1881. MKO. i. (JUJSKX.
TIDDY'S CITY BOOK
A well selected Stock of
Including Note, Letter, Sermon, Legal and Fools
cap, which they propose to sell cheap for cash.
Also, French Paper of every a scnptioj, with
Envelopes to match.
Also, Paper in boxes, to suit the most rastidious,
SOCIAL ETIQUETTE OF NEW YORK.
A standard treatise upon the laws of good society
in New York.
CONGRESS TIE ENVELOPES a new lot
Edward Todd & Co.'s Celebrated
A Pen by some considered superior to a Gold Pen.
TIDDY & BRO. are also Agents for Emer
son's celebrated Rubber HAND-STAMPS : and
any orders given them will receive prompt atten
Cash paid for Rags.
Carriages, Phaetons, Buggies, &c.
I have a good
of the latest
style & superior
Call and exam
ine the work.
in front of Sanders & Wackwood's Warehouse,
Jan 14, 1881 y Charlotte, N. C.
A. A. GASTON,
And House Furnishing Goods,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
He keeps the largest stock of Stoves and Tin
Ware ever offered in this market $100 reward
will be paid to any party that ever sold a larger
I or heavier Stove than the "Barley Sheaf." I have
sold the "Barley Sheaf for eleven years.
Call at my store under uentrai uotei Duuaing,
and examine my stock.
tW Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware manufactured
to order, and all Repairing promptly executed.
Feb 1,1881. A. A. UADlUfl.
The Wayside Well.
He stopped at the wayside well,
Where the water, was cool and deep ; ,
There were feathery ferns 'twixt the
And gray was the. old well sweep.
He left the carriage alone ;
Nor could coachman or footman tell
Why the master stopped in the duty road
To drink at the wayside well.
He swayed with his gloved hands
The well-sweep creaking and slow,
While from seam and scar in the bucket's
The water splashed back below.
He lifted it to the curb,
And bent down to the bucket's brim ;
No furrow of time or care had marked
The face that looked back at him.
He saw bnt a farmer's boy
As he stopped o'er the brink to drink,
And ruddy and tanned was the laughing face
That met his o'er the brink.
The eyes were sunny and clear,
And the brow undimmed by care,
While from under the brim of the old straw
Strayed curls of chestnut hair.
He turned away with a sigh ;
Nor could coachman or footman tell
Why the master stopped in his ride that day
To drink at the wayside well.
The Lost Books of the Bible.
A correspondent writes to the New
York Sun as follows : Mr. H. W. Turner
says the appearance of the revised edition
oi the New Testament reminds him that
he heard long ago of a lost Gospel to the
Hebrews. It Mr. Turner will take the
trouble to read the Bible over carefully
he will find therein proof that twenty-three
books of it have been lost, a few of which
will name for his information. In the
Book of Numbers, xxi, 14, occurs the fol-
owing reference : "Wherefore it is said in
the Book of the Wars of the Lord.' Now
where is that book? Lost. In the Third
Book of Kings i t is recorded that Solomon
wrote three thousand proverbs, lhere
are not more than hlteen hundred in the
present Bible : the rest are lost. In the
same book it is mentioned that he wrote
one hundred and five canticles. Then we
find an allusion to the Book of Nathan
the Prophet. There is no such book ; it
is lost. In Chronicles we read that the
acts of David are written in the Book of
Samuel the Seer and Nathan the Prophet.
There is no such book ; it is lost. There
was an epistle of St. Paul to the Collosians;
it is lost. St. Paul wrote five Epistles to
the Corinthians ; we have only two of them
the rest are lost. Altogether twenty-
three books of the Bible have been lost :
nineteen from the Old Testement and four
rom the New.
3T It has been demonstrated time and
time again that plain, blunt men are the
safest, truest aud best persons to trust, the
ones to depend on in lair or foul weather
alike, but as a rule these men are delegated
to back seats, while the demagogues come
to the front, to be watched, suspected, but
all the same to succeed.
Stories first heard at a mother's
knee are never wholly forgotten, a little
spring that never dries up on your journey
through scorching years.
W. A. TRUSLOW,
Jeweler and Watch Repairer,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Respectfully announces that, having succeeded
E. J. Allen, in the Watch and Jev lry business,
he has just added to bis stock ol
Watches, Jewelry. Silverware,
CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &c.
And he hopes by close attention to business and
fair dealing to merit a share ol patronage.
tW Fifteen years constant experience in the
WATCH REPAIRING Department enables
him tofuUy warrant every Watch entrusted to
Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street,
near the Square.
Oct. 7, 1881. 6m
CONFECTIONERIES, GROCERIES, &e.
Cakes and Bread.
C. S. HOLTON. at the Risine Sun Store, oppo
site the Old Market, still keeps a large assortment
of Conf ectioneries tc, and a good selection of
choice Family Groceries all of the freshest and
Bread and Cakes.
His Bread is considered superior by all who use
it, and his assortment of Cakes is fine.
tW Wedding Cakes and Cakes for Parties pre
pared in the best style at short notice.
Uive me a trial wnen you neea anytmngin my
C. 8. HOLTON.
Jan. 14, 1881.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
FURNITURE. BEDDING. &c
I have now in Store a well selected stock em
bracing everything found in a
First-class Furniture Store,
Such as Bedroom and Parlor Suits, Lounges,
Tet-a-Tets, Whatnots, Marble and Wood Top
Tables, Dining Tables, Washstands, Bureaus,
Wardrobes, Book Cases, &c.
tW CHAIRS of all kinds and cheap Bedsteads
at prices to suit the times.
I respectfully solicit a share of patronage.
COFFINS of all grades kept on hand ready
No. 5 West Trade Street,
J;nl9, 1881 Charlotte, N. C.
A complete Stock of Rubber Belting, Rubber
and Hemp Packing. Also, all sizes and kinds of
Rope at bottom prices.
Nov 1, 1880. KYLE & HAMMOND
Chickens. Cranberries. Chestnuts, Oat Meal and
Maccaroni,at S. M. HOWELL'S
November 4, 1881.
A fresh Chest of He-No-Tea just received by
WILSON & BURWELL,
Sept 80, 1881. Sole Amenta.
Five and Fourteen.
The following article, containing a wise
ana netpiui suggestion to mothers, ap
pears in the "Home and Society" depart
ment of The Century Magazine for Novem
ber (late bcnbner's) :
There are two periods in the moral and
intellectual development of a girl which
cause the profoundest anxiety to a mother.
At five years old, or thereabouts, the
period of babyhood is past, while the
period of girlhood is not yet reached, and,
between the two, comes a time of anarchy
and chaos. The little soul is now burst
ing its shackles and trying to readjust
itself to new -conditions. The child is
ceasing to be a mere pet and plaything,
and is beginning to live an individual life.
.Nothing is more common than to see a
docile well-trained child suddenly develop,
without any apparent reason, a willfulness
and insubordination entirely at variance
with its previous habits. The mother,
who has been dreaming of a sweet
daughter who is to walk beside her all
her days, making life fragrant and beau
tiful to her by sharing with all her youth
ful hopes and toys, aud trusts, and turns
heart-sick at the naughtiness of the half-
fledged termagant. For it is the good,
cherubic little girl who usually manifests
the change ; a spoiled child is so thor
oughly disagreeable all the while that
any accession of badness is not noticeable.
A great deal of self-condemnation and un
happy foreboding would be spared the
mother if she would only recognize that
much of what is so very unlovely is not
essentially wrong that it is merely what
is good in a state of unripeness. The fra
grant blossom has withered and fallen
away, leaving in its place the hard and
acid embryo fruit. A wise' mother will
be very careful to distinguish between
those qualities which promise evil in their
developed form and those which are mere
crudities, aud ber aim will be to foster all
the unfolded possibilities in her child's
nature, and help to bring them to a beau
Every one knows how tiresome and un
attractive a little girl usually is when she
has outgrown her infantile sweetness.
The little impertinences, the saucy retorts
and unflattering personalities, which have
won for her smiles and caresses, or, at
worst, an admiring reproof, all at once be
come intolerable, and are rebuked with
acerbity. The very ways which she has
been taught to consider charming become
subjects for displeasure when the baby
roundness and dimples are gone. Her
sense of justice is outraged, and the un
warped sense of justice in a child is often
very strong. She becomes a little Ish
mael, her hand against every man's, and
every man's hand against her. In a cer
tain sense this can scarcely be avoided,
but, if the mother's love be unfailing, and
her sympathy always ready, she can keep
sweet the fountain oi love ana trust
which, without that refuge, might become
very bitter. Just when this new life is
unfolding a mother's wise care is most
earnestly needed. The soul which has
seemed to draw its life from hers is begin
ning to lead an individual existence. It
is to the perfect development of this in
dividuality that the mother should bend
all her strength. Hach human soul con
tains within itself the germ of its own life.
To make of it all that may be made, the
mother should only guide the growth,
eaving it free within the limits of moral
probity to grow into its fullest possibility.
She cannot lop it off here and there, or
suppress its growth yonder, without maim
ing and stultifying the whole nature.
The dangerous quicksands of this pe
riod safely past, the mother begins to
breathe freely again. She again begins
to see visions, and to dream dreams, till
the second and more serious season of
anarchy comes to try her faith. Child
nooa is over, ana womannooa is yet iar
1 a. P
awav. rne wnoie Deiusr. moral, iniei-
eclual, and physical, is in a state oi ler
ment. .New motives, new principles, new
emotions, are battling for predominance,
and, until these relative claims are ad
justed, no peace can be hoped for. This
i - i i-i -
secona cuaotic period wnicn comes ai
about fourteen years of age lasts longer,
and brings a more hopeless and radical
overturning of that which had seemed so
firmly established. If a mother's care
were needed in the earlier change, it is in
finitely more needed now. New traits
uuitciy uiuie uccucu uuw. ncn
seem to be starting into life, new develop-
:rr.i Q . ir
ments are manifested. Changes not only
in purposes and ideas are taking place,
but changes in temperament, in disposi
tion, in tone are manuesting themselves
There is need of a wise hand which shall
?nide without calling, a tender heart
which shall sustain without compromising
with evil. To aid in the conflict and in
sure victory, nothing will help a mother
more surely, nor direct her more easily in
this difficult task, than the recognition
that this, also, is merely a stage of growth
necessary to a full and perfect develop
ment of her child's nature, and that to
her is entrusted the privilege of fostering
the growth, while she shall be looking to
the end with the prophetic eye of love.
Aixigatobs' Nests. Ibese nests re
semble hay-cocks. They are four feet high,
and five in diameter at their bases, being
constructed of grass and herbage. First,
they deDOSit one layer ot eggs on a floor
of mortar, and having covered this with a
stratum of mud herbage eight inches
thick, lay another set ot eggs upon
and so on to the top, there being common
ly from one to two hundred eggs in a nest.
v ltn tneir tans tney tnen neat uown
round the nest the dense grass and reeds,
fiye feet high, to prevent the approach of
unseen enemies, lhe temaie . watcnes ner
eggs until they are hatched by the heat of
the sun. and then takes her brood under
her own care, defending them, and provid
ing for their subsistence. JJr. Lutzem
burg, of New Orleans, told me that he
once picked up one of these nests in a box
for the museum of Su Petersburg, but he
was recommended before he closed it, to
see that there was no danger of the eggs
being hatched on the voyage. On open
ing one, a young alligator walked out,
and was soon followed by the rest, about
a hundred, which he fed in his house,
where they went np and down stairs, whin
mg barking like young puppies.
Virtue and happiness are mother and child.
Live Up to the Mottoes.
There is no use in pntting up the motto
"God bless our home," if the father is a
cross old bear, and the spirit of discourte
sy and rudeness is taught by parents to
children, and by the older to the younger.
There ie no use in putting up the motto
I'The Lord will provide," while the father
is shiftless, the boys, refuse to work, and
girls busy themselves over gewgaws and
finery. There is no nse putting up the
motto "1 he greatest of these is charity,"
while the tongue of the backbiter waeres
in the family, and silly gossip is dispensed
at the tea table. There is no use in niacin?
up conspicuously the motto "The liberal
man deviseth liberal things" while the
money chinks in the pockets of the
"head of the household," groaning to
get out and y see the light of day,
and there are dollars and dimes for
wine, tobacco and other luxuries, but posi
tively not one cent for the church. In
how many homes are thesd mottoes stand
ing let us say hanging sarcasms which
serve only to point a jest and adorn a sa
tire! The beauty of quiet lives, of trust
ful, hopeful and free-handed, free-hearted.
charitable lives, is one of surpassing loveli
ness, and those lives shed their own in
comparable fragrance, and the world
knows where to find them. And they still
remain fresh and fadeless when the colors
of the pigment and the floss have faded,
and the frames have rotted away from
their joints. Housekeeper.
Gtpst Loee. Perhaps the reason that
gypsies understand so well how to work
upon the sympathies oi others, is because
they are superstitious themselves. Some
gypsies set their boots crosswise oetore
going to bed, fancying thereby to keep
away the cramp ; a female gypsy carried
the skeleton of a mole's foot, which she
called a "fairy foot," because she believed
it good against rheumatism ; and it is a
standing truth among them that children
in teething should wear .a necklace made
of mytle stones, which for a boy must be
by a woman ; by a man lor a girl.
An adder's slough, or a bit of mountain
ash, is certain to bring good luck ; and
with the same object, some ol the children
wear round their necks black bags con
taining fragments of a bat. In order to
hurt an enemy, you have only to stick pins
into a red rag and burn the same ; others,
for the same end, resort to the cruel prac
tice of sticking pins into a toad till it looks
like a hedgehog, and then bury it with
certain observances. One old woman,
called a ghost seer, carried in her pocket
a little china dog, dressed like a doll. 1
mind," says the gypsy, who tells the
story, "she lost it once, and she was iu
such an awful state till it was found : and
she used to fancy it would talk to her,
when she was all alone smoking her pipe,
in the wagon. You should see a pack, she
had. of very old lortune-telhng cards,
which was painted in different colors.
She used to select the different ones for
each day ; sometimes she would have those
with the devil and serpents on 'em, then
she would carry those with birds and
palaces." Now if superstition could be
confined to the lower clases, it would be
something of a blessing.
Road Etiquette. Perhaps there
good reason in despising some of the rules
of etiquette imposed by fashionable society.
If a man wishes to eat his mashed potatoes
with his knife, or prefers to pour his hot
coffee into a saucer rather than to burn
his throat, we are willing he should have
his liberty. But there are some things no
man has a risrht to do. and that no well-
bred man will wish to do. No man will
wish to put his fork into another's plate,
or drink from another's cup. It two men
sleep in the same bed, and one of them
crowds the other to the rail, he is called a
hog. Now, there are certain rules of good
breeding .that apply to the road as well as
to the table and fireside. We are not
talking about any laws in regard to the
road, other than the laws of common sense
and good breeding. When two teams
meet, good breeding requires that each
give half of the road. Yet we often meet
those who refuse to obey this simple rule,
because they have the advantage at the
time. A man with a heavy lumber wagon
has no more right to crowd a light carriage
or buggy into the ruts or bushes than a
burly lubber would have to force his
, tarn . i i :i Tr
"eaker bed-fellow to sleep on the rail. If
some peculiarity in his load requires him
to keep the track, he can stop
and politely ask for it, and thank the other
for giving it. When a person wishes to
pass another on a dusty road, he should
ask the privilege of doing so, especially if
there is a lady in the forward wagon.
When the forward team finds that his
own team travels slower than the other,
he should hold his horses to their slowest
pace till the other passes. A man has
no more right, under these circumstances,
to whip his slow team just to keep
the other in the rear, than he has to
build a fence across the public high
Ten Cents a Day. No matter how
large your salary, you will save nothing
if you spend money too freely. Men are
continually indulging in small expenses,
saying to themselves, that its only a trifle,
vet lorgetting that the aggregate is seri
ous, that even the seashore is made up of
petty grains of sand. Ten cents a day is
even thirty-six dollars and a half a year
and that is the interest of a capital of six
hundred dollars. The man that saves ten
I cents a day is so much richer than he who
does not. as H he owned a ate estate in a
I house worth six hundred dollars ; and if
j invested quarterly, does not take half that
some will exclaim, wnen, jonn jacoD
a mm tITI T T V
Astor used to say, that a roan, who wishes
to be rich, has saved ten thousand dollars,
he has won half the battle. Not that
Astor thought ten thousand much, but he
knew, in making such a sum, a man ac
quired habits of prudent economy, which
would keep him advancing in wealth.
How many, however, spend ten thousand
in a few years in extra expense, and then,
on looking back, cannot tell, as they-say,
"where the money went to." lo save, is
to get rich. To squander even in small
sums is the first step toward the poor
house. The habit of extravagance is
easily formed, but almost impossible to
The Transplantation of Bone.
The engrafting of flesh is a surgical feat
which has been frequently accomplished
with success : but the first-known instance
of transplanting a piece of bone from one
uving person to anotner was announced
at a recent meeting of the Royal Society of
England. In 1878, a young child was ad
mitted into the Glasgow Infirmary with ne
crosis, or mortification of therigh humerus,
or bone of the upper arm. The mortified
part was removed from the bone, but even
after til teen months no fresh bone had
grown to fill up the gap. This extended
to two-thirds of the entire shaft: and it
became necessary to try and transplant a I
piece ot alien Done into the place. On
three several occasions portions of living
bone were transplanted into the child's
arm, the pieces being obtained from osse
ous wedges which bad to be excised from
the healthy bones of other patients. The
pieces were divided into many small frag'
ments before being applied, and in course I
oi time iney united together into a solid
rod, thereby converting a helpless arm
into a useful one. The operation is of
great importance as demonstrating that
a piece of transplanted bone is capable of
living and growing on another system, to
the benefit of the latter.
A Stange Phenomena.
While some drillers, near Sarnia,
Ont., were boring for oil recently, thev
were astonished to find that a huge
volume of gets was escaping from the well.
The gas was accidently ignited by the torch
of a man twenty-five feet from the well, ac
cording to a local paper, and the flames,
which are described as "vivid and silvery,
leaped to height ot thirty feet.
niteen minutes "by the watch" there is a
grand eruption of water, which, instead of
putting out the names, drives them in
sheets above the highest tree, and falls in
snowers for a considerable distance around
the well." The scene at night is a bril
liant one, and is thus described by The
"The mixture of the water, which, by
the way, is said to be strongly impregna
ted with sulphur, with the flames pro
duces effects in color which are dazzling
in their brilliancy and beauty, various
shades of yellow and purple predominat
ing, lhe spectacle especially, if witness-
ed at night, is indescribably beautiful, and I
its enect is heightened by a Blight dash of I
wellness caused by the unusual color ot l
the flames, and the corresponding reflec
tion which it throws on the foliage of the
surrounding trees. The birds seem to be
paralyzed by the unwonted illumination.
All night long, so the drillers say, they
skim around the names, uttering shrill
cries of alarm; and become either so fright
ened or so bold that they alight alongside
the men, by whom they are frequently
caught." All efforts to stop the flow of
gas or to quench the flames have thus far
proved of no avail.
The Capital Dome.
The dome of the capitol at Washington,
D. (J., is the most ambitious structure in
America. It is 108 feet higher than the
Washington Monument in Baltimore, 68
feet higher than Bunker Hill Monument,
and 23 feet higher than the Trinty Tower
in New York. It is the only considerable
dome of iron in the world. It is a vast
hollow sphere of iron, weighing 8,000,000
pounds. How much in that? About 4,000
tons, or a weight of about 70.000 full
grown persons, or about equal to a thou
sand coal cars, which holding four tons
each, would reach two miles and a half.
Directly over your hand is a figure in
bronze, "America," weighing 14,985
pounds. The pressure of the iron dome
upon its piers and pillars is 12,447 pounds
to the square loot. ot. Jreter presses
nearly 20,000 pounds more to the square
foot, and St. Genevieve at Paris, 77,000
pounds more. It would require, to crush
the supporters of our dome a pressure of
557.270 pounds to the square foot. The
cost was about $1,000,000. The new wings
rnsL 500.000. The architect has a nlau
for rebuilding the old central part of the
capitol and enlarging the park, which will
cost about 3,200,000.
Fight it Oat.
The following, clipped from the Citizen
Soldier, is respectfully recommended to
the serious consideration of lazy and de
spondent young 'men :
Peter Cooper failed in making hats; fail
ed as cabinet maker, locomotive builder,
and grocer, but as often as he failed he
tried again, until he could stand upon his
feet alone, then crowning his victory by
giving a million dollars to help the poor
boys in time to come.
Horace Greely tried three or four lines
of business before he founded the Tribune,
and made it worth a million dollars,
Patrick Henry failed at everything he
undertook until he made himself the orna
ment of his age and nation.
The founder of the New York Herald
kept on failing and failing and sinking his
money for ten years, and then made one
of the most
profitable newspapers in the
Stephen A. Douglas made dinner tables
and bedsteads, many a long year before
he made himself a giant on the floor of
A Daughter's Affection.
She is the delight of her parents at
home, their pride abroad, the solace of
their labor and their cares and the antici
pated hope and joy of their declining
lives. The love of offspring, the most
forcible of all our instincts, is even stron
f er toward the female than the male child,
t is wise that it should bo so it is more
wanted; it is just that it should be so it is
more requited. There is no pillow on
which the hand of a parent, anguished by
bickness or by sorrow, can so sweetly re-
nose as on the bosom of an affection
ate daughter. Her attentions are
unceasing. Even after her marriage her
filial affections are unimpaired; she may
ive her hand and ber heart to her nus-
and. but still she may share her cares
and attention with her parents, without a
pang of jealously or distrust from him.
He only looks on them as the assured
pledges of her fidelity , and the unerring
evidences oi a gooa disposition.
A Brave Woman.
An interesting story is told of a young
wife who went West with her husband.
and there encountered all sorts of "hard
luck." Crops failed, cattle died, the young
farmer sickened. During all this time
the young wife never, grew discouraged,
but did all in her power to keep her hus
band from getting "the blues." lint one
morning the boy. who did the chores,
came in and said he could not find the old
cow on the farm. So our heroine set out
with the boy in search of the lost animal,
and finally found her where she had fallen
over between two large logs dead. The
young woman was at last discouraged and
for a time would not go back with the
bad news to her husband, but finally over
came her own feelings, went merrily to
the house and, upon entering, said: "Well,
Rollin, our luck . has changed." How is
that?" he anxiously inquired. "Why,"
said she, "the old cow is dead; you can
skin her. sell the hide, and we will have
some money." And it proved to be true,
tor their luck did change from that day.
They sold out their interest 1 in the farm
and bought another one, began over, and
to-day are well-to-do people. Does not
this teach a lesson to repining wives, and
show what power there is in a hopeful
spirit? ; .
Sunshine in its Midst.
The family with children has unceasing
sunshine in its midst. What is more de
licious in the early hours of the morning
than to have the merry, wide-awake little
fellow tumble out of his crib and intro
duce himself to you by dancing a matuti-
Zfry I nal hornpipe on your stomach, or by gent
Every j j crawling all over you and smothering
you with the kisses of first-proof inno
cence? How his eyes sparkle and how
merry his laugh as he sees you gradually
awaken from your night of troubled
dreams, and it isn't long before you catch
his spirit, and then what a frolic you have.
If you haven't any of these little streaks
of sunshine in your family you are "short"
just so much happiness.
E2f Secret prayer is the life of the
Christian. We cannot definitely fir the
number of times in a day for this exercise;
but we have never known; one to grow in
grace who did not make a serious matter
of private prayer at least three times a
day, and those most distinguished in the
history of the Church for piety and use
fulness, have insisted upon five, six, or
seven special periods in the twenty-four
hours, for pouring out the soul alone be
fore God. While, therefore, we insist
upon frequent and regular private prayer,
we are even more anxious in regard to the
manner in which the duty is performed.
A few formal words with the thoughts
wandering, and with no real interest, can
not be acceptable to the Being who
searches the heart. Let it, therefore, be
your habit, when you go away to pray.
to fix your soul on God, then on what you
want, then on your own unworthiness,
then on the glorious Redeemer, and then
carefully to mention, one after another,
your requests, and urge them through liv
ing faith in Christ, until you feel that
your Heavenly father hears and answers.
Signing One's Name Pkomiscuousj.y.
Every one, particularly if he be posses
sed el means, should avoid signing his
name promiscuously. In one instance, a
young man traded a poor for a good horse,
giving his note for ninety dollars, payable
by agreement, six months after date with
out interest. When called upon for pay
ment he claimed that it was not due by
v means, and a careful examination
showed that it read "payable six months
after death." This shows how easy it is
to change entirely the purport of a writ
ten agreement so as not to be noticed by
the casual observer. Millions of dollars
have been filched from farmers who - have
I thoughtlessly, or carelessly, or ignorantly
signed : their names. Beguiled by the
promises of large profits, they have under
taken to act as "agents" for this, that,' or
the other invention, or a lot of implements)
new patents, spring mattresses, etc., with
the guarantee that all not sold would be
taken back. The only safety is to not
write one's name and not even make a pen
mark for any stranger under any circum
stances. This warning should be kept
continually before the public. -1
An Office Seeker Rebuffed.
Governor Marcus Morton, of Massachu
setts, had the name, of making more
promises to his political friends than he was
able to fulfill, even if he had the disposi
tion to redeem them, which a great many
doubted. Among the ' disappointed gen
tlemen was one named Wilder, to whom
it was claimed he had promised something
fane whenever the opportunity offered.
When Gov. Morton was annotated col
lector of the port of Boston, Wilder sought
an interview, but was unable to obtain
one. He became satisfied that Mr. Mnr.
I ton was dodging him, and followed him
like Puck in the tempest, up hill and down
dale. Finally he treed him in the United
State Hotel. The Governor was slow to
meet his friend, but finally came out, and
said in an off-hand way, "Ah, Mr. Wil
der, I am glad to see you. Why haven't
you shown yourself before?" Wilder re
plied, "Probably the reason yon hare not
seen me is that yon have not looked, be
cause I have been near you a great many
times." "Well," said the Governor. I am
glad to see you. What can I do for you?"
"Only do what you promised for the ser
vices I have rendered. Yon promised to
do something handsome by me.". "Oh,
yes," said the governor. . Then pausing a
moment, ne saia. "X nave made a pecu
liar arrangement about my applicants ; I
have registered their names in alphabetic
cai order,- and I have now some seven
thousand applications on file. - Your name
is in the W's WL When I arrive at
that point, I shall confer with you.' '
iSf According to Zeno, it is a very
suggestive fact that we have two ears and
j only one tongue. It is better to listen than
to talk, and always sale to tell no more
I than half we hear,