Newspaper Page Text
Home and Democrat
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Correspondence of the Home and Democrat.
New York, Nov. 21, 1881.
Editor Home and Democrat :l read
everything that I see in regard to the At
lanta Exposition, pot .only because it .is
opening the 'eyes of ' the country and the
world to the wealth and resources of that
section, bo formed by nature, but especial
ly because lor the first time in her history,
North Carolina has put herself forward
and shown that she can be, when she will,
first among the foremost. The last Phil
adelphia American devotes three columns
to the Exposition, in which I find such
sentences as these:
" The fair is well worth coming a long distance
to see. It presents little that is not very inter
esting; but that part of it which will interest
Northern men most surely is the portion which
is devoted to the display of raw products of the
South and to the manipulation of cotton fiber
and cotton seed. It is the custom to speak of
the Southern States as if they were poor ; but
the visitor who examines the materials contribu
ted by them to this exhibition will be reasonably
certain to conclude that in natural wealth they
may fairly be said to rival the most favored
State of the North. Every one of them is repre
sented by mineral products which, if the speci
mens indicate the existence of large deposits, as
commonly they do, show that the South, in con
fining her operations chiefly .to agriculture, has
neglected sources of great wealth."
The American mentions a sample cot
ton grown in Delaware county, Penn
sylvania, and suggests that perhaps, when
Georgia opens her iron ore beds and un
locks her coal beds, Pennsylvania may go
into the cotton culture." A great deal is
said about the value of the cotton seed,
in making the finest oil, affording food for
stock, and fertilizers for the fields. This
is a part of the Southern wealth very lit
tle valued till receutly, yet the seed
weighs nearly two millions of tons.
This city has an accession of three dis
tinguished Republicans Gen. Grant, spe
cial partner, in a Wall . street banking
house, and Roscoe Conkling and James G.
Blaine, practicing lawyers.
You doubtless recollect the appearance,
ten years ago, in England, of a political
pamphlet entitled "The Fight in Dame
Europa's School," describing how the Ger
man boy thrashed the French boy, and
how the English boy merely looked on.
Its author had so little idea of its popu
larity that he had an edition of only 500
copies printed, and it was not sterreotyped.
When a 2d edition of only 500 was called
for, the type had to be set up again.
Then followed editions of 1,000, then from
8 to 10,000 a day, then 50,000 in one edi
tion. In four months 189,000 were .sold.
It was extensively reprinted in this and
other countries, and in various languages.
I was rather surprised last night on en
tering Dr. Deems church to see a stranger
on the platform, and still more when the
usher told me that it was a- minsonary
from Ireland. I concluded that we must
be far gone in depravity for Ireland to
send a missionary to convert us. But it
turned out that he had come to beg help
in his missionary labors in converting
Irishmen from the Roman Catholic faith.
He thinks that can be done, so that
in twenty years there will not be any
Romanites left there. People seemed to
have faith in him, for the contribution
basket had many bank notes in it as it
came to me. I did hot add another, being
a hard money man for the time.
I see that a man who was not very
drunk fell off the Weldon ' bridge, a dis
tance of 35 or 40 feet, and "was not much
hurt." Whereupon " the Weldon News
says, "Had he been sober he would pro
bably have been killed.." More probably
he would not have fallen at all, and there
fore not hurt at all, if he had been sober.'
But if a man will fail 35 or .40, feet, per
haps he had better get very drunk, for it
is said that the syBtera is so-relaxed when
in that state that it is apt to escape seri
ous hurt. And beeides, it may not be of
so much consequence to the rest of man
kind if he should be killed.
It is given as a never failing mode of
getting rid of a tiresome visitor, . to talk
to him of yourself ; but if you have one
that you wish to remain, talk to him of
himself. . . ... '
' - ' , i i'
A woman in Vermont, convicted of mur
dering her child, has been sentenced to
prison till the last Friday of March, 1883,
and then to be hanged. , , -....,
A phylosophio writer' says' that it is
worry, not work, that breaks down people,
and that stimulants don't help to sustain
energy. There is enough in the remark
to make people think, and possibly to in
duce some to give up worrying.
In an enumeration of odd prayers, the
World included the eloquent and vigor
ous prayer" with which the Illinois Re
publican Convention was : opened last
year, and which " was received with ap
plause." But the chaplain of the Slate
House of Representatives in that same
city deserve credit for a departure from
the usual style of official petition wlun lie
begged that " the Omnipotent would give
the members more wisdom and greater
promptitude." This, however, was less
vigorous than the Pennsylvania chaplain's
request: "OLord, give these legislators
more brains!! more brains 1!!" which, be
it said, was followed by a fervent
"Amen!" from the reporters' table. An
other prayer of the same purport was de
livered in Maine during a legislative
deadlock: "O Lord, have com passion on.
onr bewildered Representatives and Sen
ators. They have been sitting and sit
ting, and have hatched nothing. t O L6rd
let them arise from their ' nests and go
home, and all the praise shall be thine."
A rather amusing incident occurred in
Brooklyn last week. A museum engaged
a. Chinese giant for exhibitionj' and snt
out its two walkers on stilts to distribute
advertisements of the fact. One of these
stilts was 15 feet high, the other 12 feet,
onrl .h men on them were enabled to call
v - js
at 3d and 3d story windows, to the 'great'
amusement of the boys." ; Buta horse was
frightened by the stilts and a (shower of
hand-bills falling before his eyes,- and ran
away, smashing the carriage. The owner
directed an officer to arrest the man.
The officer ordered him down. "What
for?" asked stilts. "To be arrested. I
can't arreet you up there." "But I don't
want to be arrested. If you want to ar
rest me come . apjjr?. J'ilSJliu.
amusement of the crowd that collected
was not diminished wheri the officer called
a carpenter with a saw and told ; him to
saw off the fellow's legs. . Like Capt.
Scott's coon he concluded to "come down."
But the Justice before whom he was
taken discharged him, as there was no
law against stilts or against scattering
hand-bills in the street. , IL - ,
FOB THE HOME AND DEMOCRAT.
' New Southern Resources.
We live in a progressive age an. age
of wonderful discoveries in the arts and
sciences. Every intelligent person knows
that "Cotton is King." Commercial sta
tistics of this great Southern staple for
the last fifty or sixty years prove this im
portant fact beyond all doubt or contro
versy. But it is only within a few years
that Cotton seed, with its important de
rivatives, is justly beginning to be re
garded as the rightful Queen of his white,
fibrous Majesty. All over the South and
Southwest, we hear of mills being erected
for the manufacture of cotton seed oil, now
extensively used for machinery and other,
domestic purposes. So great is the value
of this new production that, it is now as
certained bat a small quantity of the olive
oil. sold in our, markets is the genuine
article, being largely adulterated with
purified cotton seed oil. Indeed, adultera
tiou in the preparation of many commer
cial commodities wines, brandies, baking
powders, &c, seems to be the order of the
day, loudly invoking scientific and legis
lative action for its prevention.
' From the encouraging reports already
made by those who have embarked, in the
manufacture of cotton seed oil, may we
not say "there's millions in it" for all
those who will diligently pursue this new
and profitable Southern enterprise, des
tined, at no distant day, to be a source of
vast commercial importance, and national
prosperity. But, besides the production
of oil, cotton seed yields after pressure a
rich cake, abounding in nutritive elements,
making it extremely valuable as cow feed,
and already entering the list of such ar
ticles for exportation.
A late number of the "Wilmington Re.
view" calls attention to the importance of
"Beargrass" ( Yucca Jilamentosa.) It is
found in numerous localities from North
Carolina to Florida, and in the West. It
usually grows from three to four feet
high, and is furnished with rather rigid
and spine-pointed leaves, having thread
like filaments on the margins. The leaves
have been long used on the sea coast lor
stringing fish, and in the interior, fre
quently for hanginq meat, while curing in
the smoke houses. The fiber of the leaves
is stronger than that of hemp, or jute
The "Courier-Journal" in speaking of it
says, "The plant grows more than one
hundred years; loses less than one tenth
in cleaniug ;' it is the strongest coarse fiber
in the world ; will not shrink when it is
wet aud made into rope; yields largely,
and is worth from ten to fifteen cents per
pound after it is properly cleaned. This
plant, hitherto regarded as of little value,
is now beginning to be manufactured into
a fair quality of paper, and is especially
adapted for making durable bags and
rope. It is certainly worthy of receiving
more careful and extended experiments
The Palmetto Tree (Sabal Palmetto) pos
sesses properties nearly similar to the
Bear's grass for strength and durability.
It is the only representative in the United
States of the family of Palms attaining
the size of a tree, r rom the leaves of this
and a dwarf species are manufactured
Palm leaf hats and 'fans, giving rise to
useful occupations. The most Northern
limit of this remarkable tree is in North
Carolina, becoming more abundant along
the Southern seaeoast. The wood has
long been. known to be extremely, valua-
ble'iu the construction of wharves, resist
ing the attacks of sea worms, and for
structures of naval defence. But it is
now found to possess other valuable pro
perties, commanding our most attentive
consideration. Late experiments go' to
prove that, under judicious manipulation,
it forms a good pulp, from which a
smooth, strong, and pliable parchment
can be made. It is said this material
can be, washed, rubbed, and haudled like
cloth. As much; as sixty per cent ol the
Palmetto can be utilized in the process.
This is certainly an encouraging result,
and points out another new Southern re
source, promising to bo the basis of a pro
fitable industry.1 For several years the
preparation oi wood pulp at the North for
the manufacture of paper, has been
monopolized by a few individuals, and,
under the protection of an iniquitous
tariff, shuttiug out, to a great extent,
cheap foreign materials,' they have grown
rich: The woods. used by these monopo
lists are those of the Tulip Tree Lirio
dendron) commonly called White Poplar,
and the common Cedar, procured 1 rom
Florida, where it is found in the greatest
abundance, and of large size. Strange,
our Northern manufacturers have to send
to Florida "way down South in Dixie"
to get their cedar wood !,. .From the same
place, Faber and Son, of New York city,
procure their . supply : of "cedar . wood to
make the neatly .finished pencils with
which, they furnish up. Besides .the. soft
woods just mentioned, should be included
our Southern Linden . or Linn Trees,' the
Maples, Poplars, and Willows, ; all of
which could Ve utilized, and made profit
able in building up a new Southern' in
dustry. C. L. H.
Letter -from California
Mr.'JMUor,: In compliancefwrtb your-
rnn n t a . trt Vt,v vnur read era 'occasional
VlimSf Southern Califorr'tfear I4retcb with our chtldwha
have very little of interest to write. We
are such a quiet, well-behaved little com
munity, its hard to realize we are "wild
Western folks." We are in reality sim
ply a transplanted Eastern cfojony &rjdas
the twigs" were ibeht, before 'removal "so
we reuuu our forme4-wya and' manners.
While we must, admit thaCjtbsjis a most
desirable state of , things for the. people,
yet il is most . wofully . disastrous for. a
newspaper correspondent, s So those of
your readers who expect blood curdling
stories had better stop right here, ' Yet
have patience with me, and in time when
the climate has affected my imagination, I
hope to encounter a grizzly, scalp an In
dian, and find a bonanza of a gold mine.
We are so soon to be connected directly
with our dear, Sunny South, that the far
away Calitornia will be brought near, and
a trip out here will not be half as formida
ble as going1 to New'' York twenty-five
years ago. The many railroad schemes
are now beginning to take some tangible
shape. : First we have tho California
Southern (ihe terminus ol the Atchison,
Topeka & Santa Fe.) The track is com
pleted from San Diego some 15 or 20
miles, and cars running; the connection
w- . 1
will be completed this coming December
or January, and give this section of the
State a through route to the Atlantic
coast. I clip the following, extracts from
the San Francisco Examiner, which will
prove of far more interest to Southern
people : " ,! ' '
TEXAS AND PACIFIC.
Next Christmas Day is the time appointed for
driving the silver spike perfecting a through line
of railroad from St. Louis, Memphis, Vicksburg
and New Orleans to El Paso and the line of
Mexico. On that day, if not before, the Southern
Pacific and Texas Pacific Will form a junction,
thereby opening a direct through line from ban
Francisco to New Orleans and the Southern
States generally. But this junction of the South .
em Pacific and Texas Pacific Roads is not, by
any meaus, the terminal point of either of the
two Railroad lines. They both form portions of
two rival lines, and while the one will extend its
steel bands Southeasterly to San Antonio, Texas,
the other will continue its rapid course North
westerly across Arizona toward San Francisco.
Less than one year ago the Texas Pacific Rail
road passed from the control of the late Tom
Scott to that of Jay Gould, who has been steadily
extending his Railroad West and South, until
now he is about to enter California from two di
rections from . Utah, over the Utah Southern,
and from Texas and Arizona by the main line of
the Texas Pacific.
The W est end of the Road is now Jes3 than
one hundred miles East of the point of junction
with the Southern Pacific, and is said to be com
ing West at the rate of tw6 miles' per day. A
late dispatch from the end of the track: "About
twelve miles of track-laying is the average every
week, at which rate El Paso will be reached be
fore January 1, 1833. Grading is all completed
except a few miles in Carises Pass, which will
be finished in three weeks. From El Paso the
route of the Texas Pacific Road to the Pacific
coast is like all other similar enterprises head
ing this way a matter of surmise. ; It is reason
ably certain that Jay Gould will avail himself of
all the rights and privileges acquired by Col
Tom Scott in the vicinity of San Diego. These
include depot grounds, harbor rights, water
privileges, rights of way, and valuable lands
The old Texas Pacific roadbed is still visible as
left by Tom Scott's working parties some years
ago, and it is highly improbable that Gould will
neglect to secure that Southern outlet to the
ocean, when a short and feasible route stands
open to him from Arizona westward. The main
line, so it is announced semi-offlcially, will be ruu
from El Paso, via Tombstone, Globe and Pres
cott, to a convenient point of junction with the
projected Califo;nia Central and Ocean-Side
Road3 near Crystal Springs, where, after making
connection with the Utah Southern, a direct line
to Bodie will be built, the California Central and
. Ocean-Side Railroads forming connecting links
in the Gould system of roads connecting : San
Francisco with the Southern States and St
Louis. The proposed route and progress being
made by the California Central Company will be
found explained elsewhere, under the title of the
"California Central." The Texas Pacific and its
direct connections East of El Pa4o brings Cali
fornia into almost daily intercourse with all the
States South of the mythical Mason and Dixon's
' . r
the same paper I subjoin
; The Southern Pacific and the Central Pacific,
with all their branch lines, are controlled by one
ana lue same combination of capitalists Unas.
Crocker, Timothy Hopkins, C. P. Huntington
and Leland Stanford. Aside from the Central
Pacific.this syndicate of California capitalists own
and control nearly 2,000 miles of railroad between
San Francisco and the Texas line, and about 700
miles of continuous line, built and in operation,
in Texas. Within the next year : they will own
or control at least 3,000 miles of railroad in and
about S in Francisco bay and its connecting lines
with New Orleans and Mexico. - ' ' : .
The main line of the road, commencing at
Goshen, near 1 nlare,. lake,, . runs direct to Fort
Yuma, 550 miles,' where the Southern: Pacific, of
Arizona and New Mexico commences, and runs,
to El Paso, Texas, 537 miles further east. From
El Paso, .Texas, it is the : intention of Messrs.
Crocker, Huntington and. Stanford to make a
direct line to New Orleans.- To accomplish this
they have obtained control of the Louisiana West
ern Railroad of 112 miles; Orange to Houston,
100 miles; and the Galveston, Harrisburg and
San Autouio road (Sunset Route,) 431 miles.
This, with the Morgan road, from New Orleans
to Vermilliouville, gives the Southern Pacific
about 700 miles of road already constructed east
of San Antonio, and leaving only the unfinished
gap between El Paso and San Antonio to build.
Of this, Mr. Crocker says: '.'We have two corps
of surveyors out south of El Paso. The first
of the two corps of engineers now out 13 about
seveniy-five miles south of El Paso. At this
point and along the course of the Rio Grande
some difficult surveying has been encountered,
but the location has. now been definitely fixed
and the rails are being laid as fast as passible."
"When we have got to the other side of that diffi
cult piece," added MrTCroeker, "there is a clean
stretcH of over 800 miles where three miles of line
a day can be built right straight along.' Another
building party is working up from the south,, to
that by the 1st of August at the latest, we Will
have the pleasure of drivin the last spike in the
through southern road from San Francisco to
New Orleans." -Mr. Crocker announces : that
with the completion of the Southern, Pacific next
Summer, they will be prepared to carry wheat
from San Francisco to New Orleans and bring
back emigrants at rates which.will discount all
prospective competition-. The projected exten
sion of the Southern Pacific likely to be built
next year are as foliows; ((Ajq extension of the
Los Angelos branch to San Diego from Sante
Ana, already determined on. to anticipate the ad
eut of the Atlantic and Pacific and Jay Gould's
Texas Pacific lines, both of .which will make San
Diego Bay a Western. terminus; the Yuma, Port
Isabel and Guaymas Railroad, recently incor
porated by Crocker, Stanford and Huntington, to
build a , road from Yuma. to Guaymas, there " to
connect with the Southern Mexican system of
Railroads.-' The capital stock of thia road is said
to be $10,000,006. There- is a report that the
same company has secured important railroad in
terests in Northern Mexico, in connection with
their road at El Paso, but what these : are the
future will develop. The. Southern Pacific will
soon be running through. ara. from Sao: Fran
cisco, to New Orleans., and. therebv. oDeninir a
short and direct rcuW between' San Francisco
and Europe. " ': . :; . ,
There, can be but little douVt
these roads will add grea
y to , the pros-
perity of the New South;,
Our Summer has : been Extremely pleat-
ant with no intense heat, and the exhfl-
lrating ocean breeze, besides every varie-
ho ;nnoi. man TU
Jty ofiruit to tempt the inner rnan. The
iuifcii tjium upon yur ittjr ctruutrjf arts
the poor degraded Indiana. Hi
jwsdciat&these poor, cringing, hilf?i
1 i i i 4. - -1 i
Drave warriors commons oiscovereu uere.
If Darwin's theory had been, that man
can return to beasts, it would seem far
more feasible in regard to the Indians of
SonhernCaliforriiai Theyire?far worse
than" savages, "for ihW bkvJ imitated
Why is it that the same Government
which gushes and sentimentalizes so, ver
one dusky, race, treats with such contempt
and indifference another, which has equal
claims for consideration ? If the negro
has been whipped with cords, the Indiau
has been whipped' with' scorpions' . Not
that we would have them do . less, for our
dear .old servauts, but more fori both.
Let them establish ' training " schools and
teach them not only the "three Its (read
ing, riting and rithmetic)"' but' the .three
Ls also (labor, la wand ligiou.): A small
school of this kind was started for - the
Indian children in our town. It is pre
sided over by a noble christian -woman,
who spent many years as a missionary to
Japan, and her success ic teaching ;the
Indians has been very encouraging. At
first the little heathen wanted to know
how much she would pay them to come,
but they soon found that it did pay them
and . pay : well.. ;? : ' .-, - ;.
Accept many congratulations on 'the
improved type and style of the HoM:il",
and wishing you many years of increased
prosperity. , . f . . ,-.
' Yours most truly, . .
A Former North Carolinian.
N. C, NEWS. . , .
We learn that W. J. Black, Esq. has
traded his Kocky River Factory property
with his son for property, in Charlotte.
The Factory will be operated by its. new
proprietor. Concord liegister. .
Mr. Nash Legrand, of this' county,
brother of our townsman, James T. Le
grand, Esq., had one of his arms caught in
a cotton gin and badly injured a few days
ago. MocKingnam noiim. , ..
1 Mr. C. J. Edwards of Alleghany, after
reaping his" wheat crop, this year, planted
some of the stubble land in- corn which
has come to maturity, making two in one
season on mountain land. L.enotr Topic.
Mr. M. D. Smith tells us of a family on
Lower Creek, consisting, of four women,
who during the past year,-have spun 58,-
000 yards ot thread, woven 133 yards of
cloth and made up 383 yards of cloth into
garments, besides doing the cooking and
house work for a large family. " Noble wo
men! Lenoir Topic. '
Mr. Phuo Hefner, living near the foot
of Ilibriten, met with a serious misfortune
last Thursday night. He had iust finish
ed gathetiug his corn, which he had stor
ed away in a out house which contained
fodder and shucks. 'Mr. Hefner, un-
thoughtedly entered this house last Thurs
day night with a torch, and the house
with all that it contained was burned np.
T T i mm m
sentence r ASSEP. j oun iviorris was
re-sentenced by Judge Avery at Cleave
land court last week to be hanged on the
23d of next month for the murder of Joe
Row ark.' The circumstances connected
with the killing of Rowark are ! fresh in
the memory of our readers, and for cruelty
of conception and atrocity of character it
has few parallels' in the annals ot "crime.
On oue of the public streets of this place,
covered only byr the drapery ol night',
John Morris Waylaid his 'victim and shot
mraaown witnout giving him one mo
ments warning, and now on the axiom' ol
the law says he must atone for it with his
own life. 1 ' ' v -' .
It is said that Mofris is! writing a state-
men i, wnicn win ue maue puouc alter nis
death, and as it is thought by ' those fami
liar with the crime that'he'had an accom
plice, he may Confirm this '-conjecture' by
he was inspired by the : treachery of Row
ark to take his life, it would hot be consis
tent' with his record to drag 'a1 second party
into the crime, thus he may' carry th
secret to the grave. Lincoln Progress. "
A Few FlcTS.--It may hot be generally
known that 'North Carolina 'bo W "tanks
fifteenth in population, and j twenty-siith
in size. The order of States now run thus:'
New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio,1 Illinois,
("westward the star of 'Empire take its
way !") Missouri, Indiana, Massachusetts,
.Kentucky, Michigan, Iowa, Texas, Tenn.,
Georgia, North Carolina, Wisconsin; Ala
bama, New Jersey, Kansas, &c. North
Carolina in stte exceeds New- York,
Pennsylvania, and Tennessee' by about
3,000 acres each. RaUiah Farmer.' r ''
Mr. Cline, who lives in the lower part
of the Globe in this county, informs, ns
that he recently assisted in" killing a large
bear in John's RiverK at the foot of the
"Sidney Hill." Bad Bruin bad. been con!
mitting extensive depredations in the porn;
fields of the Globe farmers, devouring the.
corn and 'parrying away the pumpkins,,
and his death was determined on. A party of
hunters, who laid in wait for him on his trail
discovered his bearship- as he "was '; return
ing from one of his expeditions to theeprn
fields, and sho.t and killed.' him. as he '.was
swimming the river, on his way to the
mountains..'. He was of great sizeti'and his
hide when removed from' his bb'dyt meas
ured 6x7 feet. The hunters found the re:
lies of numerous large pumpkins which
this mountain robber had carried, for near
ly a mile up the 8teei Iiih's before devour-;
iug. Lenoir Topic. - '
According to the statement of Superin
tendent pf Public Instruction,1 Scarboro,
there are' 460,000 children,- between the'
ages of six and twenty-one,,attending Sun
day 'schools in North Carolina. ' 1 ' :
Mr. ' John Jones, youngest son of Major
Wiley D." Jones, was Bhot yesterday while
hunting near his home,' this" side of For
estville. The shooting was accidental, the
gun being in hU own hands. ' The load of
shot struck his jaw but' grazed itand is
thought not to haf injured the bone. The
wound is not serioui -Raleigh Observer'.
The Synod of Nojrth Carolina baa within
its bounds five Presbyteries, 228 ehurcbe
and 18,582 comnxunicauts a net gain of
two churches and 226 meraberslesg than
an average net increase of one member to
WS , ; SZ
iThn SraJ-a 'fcnMtttitotvrVn btm sit! rl t h n .West Ai-ff
The State UonauSsrbners and the .Westera
The! Commissioners to oversee or ins
HtrlE ofJLWestern N. C.Raf lrta4
dnipoe'Sjrt. Jarvis, Trea&urel
Wortii..andSena6rAr ance, held a meeting
at Clintoliisiripson county, on the 17th
inst., where they were attending a County
Fair, and took action in regard to extend
g th-ej tmfe pep thfej cdmbletifjn of the
Western If. C. Kailroad. We copy
follows: . -VV Hi: ir. ;cV '-ill
Clinton, N. C, Nov.
The commissioners met at
utiuton . ac-
cording to adjournment' 'ahd 'by'' previous
n w m n . . . n n . h. i a rt . sv.. 1T m in i ' 111
ttUICCUICUb. VyUllJIlllDDIUUCt TOUbCVUCIu
the following resolution, viz: ' :
Resolved,1 That 'the Governor of "the
State be informed that the failure of the
assignees of the Western ' North Carolina
Railroad to complete said road :. to : Paint
Rock and Pigeon River by .July 1881,
as heretofore reported , has continued for
ninety days and' more, vtzV'fronVsaid July
1st until this dale, November 1881,
arid that the United StatesTrust Company
be also informed of said failure on the part
ot saia assignees to penorm tneir con
tract, and that, in the opinion of .. the
commissioners, Lh-y .have . forleited.i the
same. M n.:.r ,.!.- j j .ltr;! oK
Commissioners Worth and Jarvis1 te
cord their votes in opposition to the .fore
going resolution of Commissioner -Vance,
and assign the following reasons therefor,
to wit :
1. The commissioners . on, 1 the, 30th ..of
April made the following record, to-wit:
The . commissioners, Z. B. Vance, J; M
Worth and T. J. Jarvis, met in the city ol
Raleigh on the 30th day of April, 1881, to
consider an application made lor an exten
sion of four months' time in which to'eom
plete the Western NorthCarolina Railroad
to Paint Rock and Pigeoir River:-5 The
application was in' writing and signed by
A. B. Andrews, president. After reading
the application and"cohstdering the reasons
therein setiortn, tne commissioners agreea
to give ibis, extension of time .upon .the
! ".,. .1 "
paper peing presemea to inem signea.oy
A. S. Buford, W. P. Clyde and.T, M
Logan, assignees, and upon its Containing
an additional .agreement to put six hundred
additional hands to, ..the, oonyjet force atj
work on the road as aoon as they conld be
employed at reasonable compensation, or
its equivalent in contract work, .and, that
at least three hundred of this. force, be put
at work aud kept at work on. the; Duck
towu liiw, aud a further- provision , that the
extension should ,npt apply to any. other
provision of the -contract. H j .tj. -fj -1 mnht
: 1. .The application, refof med strictly,,
agreed upon, signea; oy,vue assignees-, ana
containing all the required conditions, was
presented to Commissioner . Jarvis .for
signature on ,the:9th day.pfIay: . and., to
Commissioner ..Wprth on .the 15th day of.
May... When the application, was presented
to Commissioner Jarvis, on theiOthday of
iuay, tne oiaie ioara, pi n.qucaiion .was
then in;se8sion, and without calling Com
missioner Worth's attention to it,, he . di
rected Col. Andrews, who : presented : the
application, to hold it until the meeting of
the . commissioners, which was then ex
pected to take place the, next week.. The
assignees, , relying . upon the -- agreement
with the commissioners, were actively en
gaged in collecting a large force on - the
work, and in perfecting their arrangements
to let the most of that part of the work
trom Asheville to .risreon Kiver .to con-
tract'on the 1 8th of Mav. Od thd 13th -of
May Commissioner Jarvis received a letter
from Commissioner Vince, requesting that
Col. Andrews be at once notified that he
withdrew "his: promise to any '"extensioh"'6f
.v.. t::i u i.u i.:i
iiiiir, auu mat lie uiu nut iiuiu uiiuscn auy
longer bound to' aecVpt bis pfoposition
when made. The withdrawal of Commis
sioner Vance frotnthis agreement was. if
the declarations.-of the managemefltof the
road were to be believed,'about to stop the
work on the road, so that: in the opinion
of Commissioners' Worth : and Jarvis, ' i
condUion of -things had boon ' orooiuitated
at once. This .was done by Commissioner
Worth on the 15th, and by Commissioner:
Jarvis briefly oh the lih',' but more form
ally on the 16th of May.' ' At the time
tljey signed,-the-exteniQnii "ft was rinknon
to them, that there was another party wil
ling to undertake the' work if ' abandoned
by the assignees. They" had' thenf 'neVff
heard of the Boston 'syndicate, it is true
that the Hon: It. R. Bridgers -visited the
dmrhJssioners at1 their April mWetitfg .'and
offered' to fake the cohtracl and to pay the
State bonqs, but be was tqld. by;the com
missioners, Commissioner Vance acting as
speaker for the commissioners, that they
had no.rmertQjput hjm, in ppssessipn o
tHeTOadevn Wth'ey' should declare 'tm
contract forfeited, and put the assignees
out; that the only poweHHhe commission
ers, had was .to declare", the contract, for
feited, and. the sole ' resultV p(,: -this, j would
be to throw th road back upou the State,
arrd that before hc'or any one else 'could
get it, the Legislature would have to pass1
anomer aciaausorizing it'io-oe soia a
second' time.- It was under these circum
stances, and :in the' belief, then as iabw''
that they were serving the best interest
of the fetate, they signed 4.the exten-
SlOtk'i :' -'tiut . ? H It.'r. f :;
3. Commissioners Worth and Jarvis
have all the time regarded their acts as
binding upon them both in law and in
congcienroeiT 0 15? .:L V 'I r? l
4. That the time given by said extension
did not expire till the first day of Novem
ber laati U a rn; : Tl. ;M
5. That the notice set out in the motiou
of Commissioner Vance cannot be given
till after the expiration of ninety days from
the fir'sf day 0fi November inst; ' ' rI
- Commissioner Vance, in. declining to
assent to the application of the assignees
of the Western North Carolina, Railroad
for an exteusior. of the timetpr the . com
pletion of said road to Paint Rock and
Pigeon River, enters his reason on the
record, briefly, as follows: - (; t , ;-;, : j
1. Since acquiring possession of said
road the assignees have developed a pur
pose to obtain' control ol all the trans
portation lines in. NjOrthCarolina, from
Raleigh we,st,'ratid''icorisiitute-;SaIready a
monopoly dangerous-to both the politi
cal and material interests of the State; k"
fyThey. ,hve given" earnest i of: these
purposes by discriminating against the
people of North Carolina fjjor of stran
gers aqd between the people thereof, in
vioUtion f 'law. in the matter of ';freightfl
and charges. A"A ."-il u -.:jr'
3. Another party, that -from whom the
assignees obtained hi'propcrty, offers to
repurchase and hnisb, according to con-
traet the said road,' and build another, con-
ncuogv merewun, irom oaiisoury ,o
Goldsboro, at their own expense, thus
establishing a direct line from Dncktown
jhtht:wHhdrawfll of Com rais-
nce whch made it absolutely
TX : TT7
roaf i toai jKocabci wrjgjeon ui jej
arWe ffOnlauses lor Nrhichthe-assignees
were responsible, and which they could
easily have surmounted by diligence and
energy, in my opinion, the cause lor indul
gence provided for in the law is "not "meri
torious, and I, for one, am not disposed to
graut favor in behalf of the State to those
who show her none, and especially will I
I which is peeking to enrich the people and
IdngWerifehHT idea '6f grahd central
trunk rhjfe from the Mississippi , Valley to
Beanfpft liarb'or without cost to'the Siate
and said lihd from Goldsborb.tb Salisbury
will not! be built1' unless 'the party con
structing it can obtain 'possession of the
We'sterh North Carolina ! Railroad! oS
For these and other reasons T "have de-
clined to appro vertKe application for an
extension of time.1'""
i 'tt . -t.il tii.l i: it! H'i: '-8 VVi e
Commissioners Vance and ..W.ortb.i T.e?
servtng to themselres the "tight ' to make
still furthtirGntrkaJnponthelTecord of
their reasons for their action, the Com-
miipsion adjourned., , ; ' -,
Synopsis of il. C. Supreme Court Decisions.
rnk tlfaU Tepni 1881;. ? S -.If
"Morris vs. Sanders. I.' Where
parties, having , agreed upon
change of lands, execute a bond . in the
sum of $400, conditioned to make title
and . give . possession in . pursuance of an
agreement, and providing that- in default
ot performance the disappointed party
may sue the other and recover the,sum of
$200 and all damages, the-instrument will
be construed as a. bond: for. -the penal sum
of $ 400, to be void upon certain conditions,
and in case of non-performance to secure
$200 and damages.
2. Where theJioldeT of such bond has
no. option but to take judgment , for the
uiu penally, 10 oe aiscnargea upon ine
payment ot $200 and damages, the sum
demanded is beyond ihe, jurisdiction of a
Justice of the Peace. ;-; .-'.; ,
Vincent vs. Corbin. 1. A tenant from
year to year is entitled to a written or
verbal notice to quit, to begin three
mouths before the expiration of the cor
rent year; a mere .demand lor possession
is insufficientT'But? where the tenant dis
claims to hold as such- a notice' to quit is
not necessary,' ahd need not'be proved' in
a summary proceeding in ejectment. ,
2. Where a Question of law is imnron
- j a r , - . " - r
erly left to the jury, and they decide it
correctly, the verdict cures the error of
the court. ,nnsiaiioO CjU
Daughtry vs. S. & B. War-
Where the jury find that the rebuilding
oi a proposed mm and dam would over
flow and render useless th plaintiffs land,
and injure the health of his family, but
tnat tne mm would be a public conve
nience, pecuniary compensation is all that
the. plaintiff can: claim, and an ini unction
agaiusi sucn erection win De reiusea, upon
the principle that private advantage must
yield to public benefit.
Ellison vs. Rix. 1. The defense of pay
ment being one which confesses the cause
oi action ana seeks to avoid.it by new
matter, the party' si lting it up must plead
and prove it.
2. Whether.-or, not; the loss of a paper
has been sufficiently proved to admit parol
evidence'bf its conteuts, is a question for
the court, but if the judge, not content with
his ruling, leaves the matter to the lury
whose ' finding agrees with that of " the
court, there is no harm. done, and, there-.
tore, no error, i ' -
' 3. -It is not error to refuse to charge that
the lailureu produce tbe ubftcribng wit
ness to a note is evidence that it was never
executed, when there is no evidence that
there ever was a witness.
J. W. Wiley vs. G.
Mecklenburg: continued bv consent.
G W; Chaik vsrader8, National Bank,
from Mecklenburg:! continued.
. Alexander fc Wilson vs. John Robinson,
from Mecklenburg ;' argued by Wilson fc
Son for the plaintiffs, and T. M. Pittman
and Armstead Burwell for the. defend
'TiM. Torrence vs. J. P, Alexander et
als., frdra 'Meckiehhurg; argued by Bur
well &' Walker for the plaintiff, and Jones
to jQbnston.lor the defendants.-- r .'
F. E. Barrett vs. John L. Brown, trus
tee, from Mecklenburg -continued by
rjWilliam -Johnston vs. -:S. Pv Smivh,
ffbmMeekleibuVg contlftrjed cunder Jtnel
rules. - t
J. M. Runyans vs. William Patterson,
from Cleaveland ; continued, for- absence.
of. counsel. .).:-. ' .. ,;
i; P. Allen vs. Gilkey fc Gilkey,;admin-
istrators, from Rutherford j; continued for
absence' ofcoiinsel.' r" '' ''
Da'vid Mauney'vs." J.' W Gi3riey,'admin
wlxvXQt ) eti ala,: from Cleaveland ; con
tinued by consent. v t;
; J. ' D. Williams vs. John Mnllis et als.,
from Union: continued for absence of
Shuford & Weithers Vs. Sidney Haynes
et als., from Lincoln ; continued for want
of counsel. u:-:. , .tiv
Paul ' Bernhardt, executor, vs. W. A.
Smith el als., from Cabarrus continued
for absence of counsel. . . . .
J. II. Wilson, Jr., and wife' vs. C. J.
Uneberger; appeaJs y-both plaintiffs and
oeiendant, irom Uastonj Writs of Uerti
arari ordered and cause continued by con-
sent" : UiL J . 5 X
TVni.'.'Uennis A. Coropanjr ys. D. L. S.
Summit two appeAUJby plaiotlffs, froifa
Gaston ; continuetT'tor "want of counsel.
Richard IIarrTyfj6hn M. iWsfrom
Stanly ; con tin tied forabseiice of couufiel.
Housekeepers take - Notice.
The finest assortment of first class Fancy Gro
ceries in Charlotte, among which are many arti
cles new for this, market, have just been received
March 18, 1881.:
Our stock'-i norw Coaleie -In all 'details, and
we invite an inspection of ondg aod pridea, fWe
guarantee fo self the very Befit goods i tne Very
We' carry in our stock a g ood assortment of
Dress ? Goods, Dojuestic ' . Goods.
Cassimer es; 3?larxnels Jeans,1 ;,
Tickings; I Olires, n Hosiery.' Cloth inr, ' Shoes,
Boots. Hats, Caps, Trunks, Valises, and all other
goods adapted to general household and family
uses.: ; -.a ;it; fi itt.M--'-r,n'i t-.-i- en
,,r- , -. .v f-.f ftt
Every body is invited to call and examine 'our
stock. " Respectfully. "
Oct. 21, 1881.
T. L. 8EIGLE & CO.
irt. harbor, .und' furffislkTHf jnS-
petIUoCgtmst flb&Qtf op the rt
feeUrM! m wm -jf! Hi
! 14 Infrsranch b.s; the failure to; finish thte
TT- J vwue U t 1IOJJ LLltf II HrA
tworKinff ?on a farm at Le Mam TnTOO
T:hey are pupils of an Englishman who
ownr large tract there, and are learning
the business with a view to conducting ex
tensive farming operations in the far West.
There is a large English colony at Le
Mars, including many sons of aristocratic
famlfe JJiM :3ISiH. ,Ut
Prominent among the glories of veeta.
ib vue uiu iree, wnicn wonderlufly um
brageous, bears beautiful large glossy
Jteates, and attains a Jieight! of 60 f eeU Tire
trunk is often, 30 feet in circumference. A
native often apostrophizes the Supreme
Bei ng as Thou Mighty Utu Tree.
Aq extensive establishment for the man
ufacture ol "macaroni,' vermicelli, and all
other sorts of Italian pastry in Philadel
phia has seriously . damaged the importa
tion of such articles from' Italy, ft was
hatched by the CentenniaK
The London.-La.ncet urges upon tthe pub
lic the iniportancef Treathing through
the nose in damp, cold, or foggy weather.
It is nature's respirator and protection to
jThere will be four clergymen in the
next Massachusetts Legislature, and they
are to be called upon to perform the devo
tional exercises, thus saving .the post of a
chaplain. ' ' "
Wheat Bran.' ;
25,000 lbs. Wheat Bran just received at
' j. Mclaughlin's. '
" Nov. 18, 1881.
By virtue of an execution against Jefferson
Hurd in my bands, I will proceed to sell the two
Lots in ihe city of Charlotte at the corner of Hill
and Grahirm streets, fend known on thtfilap of
the city, of Charlotte as the Hurd Lots safe to
take place at the Court House door on - the 6th
day of December, 1881. ;.-
M. E. ALEXANDER,
Oct 28. 1881. 6w --; Sheriff.
E, J. HALE & SON,,
; PTjBLisiiERs; ; ;
Booksellers and Stationers, -
17 Murray Street, NEW YORK ! .
Invite orders for School, Miscellaneous and Stan
dard Books, and for all kiads of Staple Station
ery. WRITING PAPERS-CapLetteV Note and
other sizes. , - - .... v
BLANK BOOKS, of all Grades
ENVELOPES, alt sizes and colors, and quali
ties. . - i - . ,.' .
SCHOOL SLATES, best quaUtyyall sizes.
Slate and Lead Pencils, Pens, Inks, Mucilage,
Feb 18,188.1.,: t t T E.f J. HALE & SON.
t f 1 ff ' ' I
Send for Photographs and Prices.
I sell as cheap as any Furniture House in the
State. . . '., .
My store is 145 feet long on the first' floor and
140 feet on second story. I carry an
". v : ; - - 7.' f'v- ")'
Immense Stock of Furniture.
I also keep Baby Carriages, Mattresses, Pic
tures, Mouldings. Frames, tWindow Shades, - Cor
nices and Mirrors. ; ' ' . i
Also, a full line of Coffins and Caskets.
Thos. W. Andrews, formerly with Mr. Nichols,
is with me. r , . . , ... . . :
t" Come and see us at the, White Front.
e! M. ANDREWS,
Successor to E. Q. Rogers,
Oct. 28, 1881. Trade St., Charlotte, N.C.
EST" For Retail Trade, to which we
pay special attention, we buy the best goods to
WILSON & BURWELL,
Sept 30, 1881. - ' ; ; Druggists.
, JAS. P. IRWIN,
At the old Post-offick Stand,
Near the Court House, '
Offers to the public, at lowest prices, a fine stock of
Staple andrPancy Grocsries.
Including various grades' of "Flou S'ugar and Mo
lasses, Corn Meal. Bacon and Harm. ' A. 11 ae selec
tion of Ttas, Coffees and .Spices.
Choice Soda Biscuits and Family Crackers.
; Canned Goods, Jellies, Pickles, &c, &c.
: Chewing and Smoking Tobaccos and Cigars.
J ust received, finest quality of Oatmeal. Also,
10 pound Kits of beat Mackerel.
Also, Bran, Mill Feed, Corn and Peas always on
hand. ' .
Lanterns and Lamps.
We have now on hand a fine stock of Lanterns
and Glass Lamps. ,.
r X0i i OU WILSON & BURWELLl ' J
Sept 30, 1881. Druggists.
.. ;'..(',, , FIRST. CLASS ; . ; '
First Mortgage Bonds ($150,000,
30 years, .Six, Per, Cent Inter
est) Atlantic, Tennessee & Ohio
Railrqad i extending 47 - miles
from Statesville to Charlotte.
The undersigned, having been appointed agents
of the Atlantic, .Tennessee & Ohio Railroad, to
place the 1st Mortgage Bonds recently author
ized by the Board of Directors, beg leave to offer
them to the public by subscription.
The recent lease of this Road to the Charlotte,
Columbia & Augusta Railroad for the term of 99
years at tfn Annual rental 1 of $23,000, secures the
payment ,of interest beyond , persdventure, be
sides paying 8 percent on the stock of the Com
pany. 'As these Bonds' run 30 years, and the In
terest is thus secured,' they become one ol the
best investments that can be oflered. The Board
of Directors have authorized the issue. of $200,-
uuu, dui onij nop,uutL (or $3U per mile) will
be issued at, present, and perhaps this latter
amount will never be exceeded.'
For further particulars apply to !
. ,i M. P. PEG RAM, .
Cashier 1st Nat. Bank,
or A. G. BRENIZER,
Cashier Com. Nat Bank,
OcLZfrmiJ tUfu: : it Charlotte, N.U.
S5T", Jo Ssrto'a- Ready Prepared Kal-
somine, the best ardcle of the kind now in use.
vfllioUa & BURWELL, Agents. , :
To the People of the South.
i Kuro's MocsTAiw and its Heroes A His
tory of the Battle, Oct. 7, 1780, and the events
which led to it, after- two years spent in pre
paration, i now published and .ready fr- deliv
ery, i be author. .Lyman O. Drsner. LL. D.. has
spent 40 years in gathering materials for this
work, which abounds in stirring recitals of ad
ventures and hair-breadth escapes, alike interest
ing to old and young. The decendants of such
men as Campbell, Shelby, Sevier, Cleveland,
Lacey. Williams. Hambngbt. McDowell. Win
ston, Hammcnd, and their officers.' now living by
tlie thousands throughout the South, will wel
come this permanent record of that glorious event
which turned the tide -of the Revolution. The
work contains 912 pages, on fine paper, beauti
fully bound, with seven steel portraits of the He
roes, ad 2 bodieftjuswcod Cats,' witbinde of
5.P09 references.,, Price, $4, sent postpaid on re
ceipt of price, or may be had of Agen ts in every,
county." ' " , ,.. . ' '
. ... . . ' luvjirouii. ruoiuner, ,
. . j No.79 Vihef9tJigiriCinnati,0.
tST Agents wanted for 'nnaashrned territnrv.'
Send for terms, circulars and sample copy.
tST Mr! 8. "Watson Reid Is the A.Vent for sel
ling the above Book in Mecklenburg county.