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OLD SERIES : , VOLUME XXX.
CHARLOTTE, N. 0., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1881.
VOLUME XL NUMBER 553
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Charlotte Home and Democrat, j
Published every Friday by
J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor.
TermsTwo Dollars for one year.
One Dollar for six months.
Subscription-price due in advance.
"Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte. . N.
C. as second class, matter," According to Jhe
rules of the P. O. Department.
ROBERT GIBBON, M. D ,
. CHARLOTTE, Nr C,
(Office corner 5tk and Trgon Streets,)
Tenders his professional services to the public,
as a practical Surgeon. Will advise, treat or
operate in all the different departments of Sur
March 5, 1881. ly
Dr. JOHN H. McADEN,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
IIus on hand a large and well selected stock of
PURE DRUGS, Chemicals, Patent Medicines.
Family Medicines, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye
Stuffs, Fancy and Toilet Articles, which he is de
termined to sell at the very lowest prices.
Jan 1. 1670.
DR. T. C. SMITH,
Druggist and Pharmacist,
Keeps a full line of Puie Drugs and Chemicals,
White Lead and Colors, Machine and Tanners'
Oils, Patent Medicines, Garden seeds, and every
thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he
will sell at low prices.
March 28, 1879.
J. P. McCombs, M. D,
Offers his professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
both night and day, promptly attended to.
umce m JJrown s building, up stairs, opposite
the Charlotte Hotel.
Jan. 1, 1873.
DR. J. M. MILLER,
Charlotte, N. C.
All calls promptly answered day and night.
Office over Traders' National Bank Residence
opposite W. R. Myers'.
Jan. 18, 1878.
DR. M. A. BLAND,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
Feb 15, 1878.
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
Practice Limited to the
EYE, EAR AND THROAT.
March 18, 1881.
A. liURWELL. P. D. WALKER.
BURWELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts,
Office adjoining Court House.
Nov 5, 1880.
WILSON & BURWELL,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Trade Street, Charlotte, N. C,
Have a large and complete Stock of everything
pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they
invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale
Oct 7, 1880.
HALES & FARRIOR,
Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers,
Charlotte, N. C,
Keeps a full stock of haedsome Jewelry, and
Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair
Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c,
done promptly, and satisfaction assured.
Store next to Springs' corner building.
July 1, 1879.
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Grocers and Provision Dealers,
Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses,
Syrups, Mackerel, Soaps, Starch, Meat, Lard,
llams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c, which we
offer to both the Wholesale and Retail trade. All
are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar
Jan 17, 1880.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Groceries, Provisions, &c,
College Street, Charlotte, N. C.
Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash,
and buys Country Produce at
highest market price.
ZW Cotton and other country Produce sold on
commission and prompt returns made.
Nov. 1, 1881.
Cotton Buyer and General Commission Merchant.
In Sanders & Blackwood's Building,
North College St , Charlotte, N. C.
March 26, 1881.
H. W. HARRIS,
Attorney at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in the Henderson building, nearly oppo
site Court House.
Sept 2, 1881. 3mpd
Charlotte Marble Works.
W. G. BERRYHILL,
Charlotte, N. C,
Dealer m MONUMENTS, TOMBS & GRAVE
STONES, and MARBLE-WORK
of every description.
Having just returned from the North, where I
purchased a large assortment of fine Monuments,
Marble Slabs, and a jrood assortment of Stnn in
ray line, I am prepared to offer fair terms to suit
the times, to persons wanting work in my line
and guarantee satisfaction. I have in my employ
some of the best workmen to be found in the
Southern States. W. G. BERRYHILL
Sept. 16. 1881. 3mpd
Peas and Pea Meal.
The very best food for horses and cows. For
Central Hotel Barber Shop.
GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen
tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonsorial Art in its
various branches. He and his assistant Artists
are so well known for their skill that it needs no
multiplicity of words to inform the public where
beards can be shaved smoothly and hair cut and
dressed in fashionable style and "with dispatch."
Give him a trial. GREY TOOLE.
July 29, 1881. Under Central Hotel.
The American Consul at "Manila
tta' cotton-seed oil has already found its
WIV InlO t.hft rpmntnat mnnno!n uilUno
j -- tUUUUI,U4U TlliagCO
of Italy, so that unadulterated olive oil is
as rare there as here. If the resemblance
is, as he says, so great that the most ex
pert cannot detect the mixture, what real
harm is done? Why not save the freight
from here to Italy and back, as well as the
double duties, erive to it some less obiec-
uonaoie name than it
it most carefollv. and
A f , a
now has, refine
use it as salad
We have a complete stock of Blacksmiths'
Tools of the best quality and at prices that will
put them within the reach of every Farmer.
Nov. 1,1880. :. KYLE & HAMMOND.
ALEXANDER & HARRIS
opening a very large and beautiful
LADIES' NECKWEAR, a tremendous stock
of Table Linens, all grades. A large stock of
Marseilles Quilts. All kinds of Flannels Basket,
Opera and Plain.
Thej are making a specialty of
For Gentlemen and Youths, this season.
They have Hoop-Skirts, White Goods. Laces,
Embroideries of all kinds, and other goods too
numerous to mention
Remember we have a large stock of Carpets ;
also cheap Cassimeres, Jeans, Ac, for pants and
tST" "Foster" Kid Gloves, patented June 13th,
1876. Ask for a pair of the Foster Kid Gloves,
the best in the market.
ALEXANDER & HARRIS.
Sept 30, 1881.
Hargraves & Wilhelm.
Our Fall Stock is now complete, and the hand
somest and cheapest ever offered in this market.
It embraces a full line of Silks, Satins and Surahs,
in all shades and qualities.
Our Stock of Dress Goods and Dress Trim
mings is the most varied and attractive ever
seen in this city.
Ulsters. Walking Jackets, and Children's Cloaks,
in all qualities and shades.
Shawls, Balmorals, Repellants, Cloakings, Oil
Cretonnes, Worsted Fringes, to match. Velvets,
Velveteens, Plush, &c.
A complete line of Flannels, Cassimeres, Da
masks and Towels.
A large assortment of Ladies' and Gents' Neck
wear. We have an immense stock of
Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing,
That we are selling at extremely low prices.
All we ask the public and our patrons is to give
our stock a careful inspection. They will Una
the greatest variety and cheapest stock of Goods
ever shown in this place.
We will save you money by calling to see us.
All-wool Plain Black Bunting at 15 cents.
HARGRAVES & WILHELM.
Sept 30, 1881.
Cotton Gins Insured
AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE.
The undersigned is ready to issue Policies of In
surance on Cotton Gins or Mills run either by
steam or water. This is an important matter to
farmers and owners of Gins and Mills, and their
attention is especially called to it.
E. NYE HUTCHISON,
Sept, 9 1881. Agent
We arc now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock
Containing all the latest styles and qualities of
Ladies', Misses and Children's
Hats and Bonnets.
Also, all the novelties for trimming : Feathers,
Flowers, Ribbons, Silk, Flashes, Satins, Orna
Also, our usual large and attractive stock of
White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Neck Wear,
Gloves and Hosiery, Corsets, Shawls Cloaks,
Skirts, &c. Another large stock of Ladies' Mus
lin Underwear just received, that we are ottering
at very low prices.
Oct. 14, 1881. MKS. r.
TIDDY'S CITY BOOK STORE
A well selected Stock of
nr r r w t at m r A - V J?
Including Note, Letter, Sermon, Legal and Fools
cap, which they propose to sell cheap for cash.
Also, French Paper of every descriptioj, with
Envelopes to match.
Also, f aper in boxes, to suit the most tasiiaious.
SOCIAL ETIQUETTE OF NEW YORK.
A standard treatise upon the laws of good society
in New York.
CONGRESS TIE ENVELOPES a new lot
Edward Todd & Co.'s Celebrated
A Pen by some considered superior to a Gold Pen.
TIDDY & BRO. are also Agents for Emer
son's celebrated Rubber HAND-STAMPS ; and
any orders given them will receive prompt atten
Cash paid for Rags.
Carriages, Phaetons, Buggies, &c.
I have a good
of the latest
style & superior
Call and exam
ine the work.
CHAS. WILSON, Sr.,
in front of Sanders & Blackwood's Warehouse,
Jan 14,1881 y Charlotte, N. C.
A. A. GASTON,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
He keeps the largest stock of Stoves and Tin-
Ware ever offered in this market $100 reward
will be paid to any party that ever sold a larger
or heavier Stove than the "Barley Sheaf." I have
sold the "Barley Sheaf" for elevenyears.
Call at my Store under Central Hotel building,
and examine my stock.
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware manufactured
to order, and all Repairing promptly executed.
Feb 1, 1881. A. A. GASTON.
BY W. "W. STORY.
I sing the Hymn of the Conquered, who fell in
the battle of life; .
The hymn of the wounded, the beaten, who died
overwhelmed in the strife ;
Not the jubilant song of the victors, from whom
tne resounding acclaim
Of nations was lifted in chorus, whose brows
wore the chaplet of fame
But the hymn of the low and the humble, the
weary, the broken id heart,
Who strove and who failed, acting bravely a silent
ana desperate part ;
Whose youth bore no flower in its branches,
wnose nopes burned in ashes away,
From whose hands slipped the prize thev had
grasped at, who stood at the dying of day
With the work of their life all around them, un-
pmed, unheeded, alone,
With death swooping down o'er their failure, and
an but their iaith overthrown.
While the voice of the world shouts its chorus.
its pa;en for those who have won
While the trumpet is sounding triumphant, and
high to the breeze and the sun
Gay banners are waving, hands clapping, and
Thronging after the laurel-crowned victors I
stand on the held of defeat
In the shadow, 'mongst those who are fallen, and
wounded and dying and there
Chant a requiem low, place my hand on their
pain-knotted brows, breathe a prayer
Hold the hand that is hapless, and whisper, "They
only the victory win,
Who have fought the good fight, and have van
quished the demon that tempts us within
Who have held to their faith unseduced by the
prize that the world holds on high ;
Who have dared for a high cause to suffer, resist,
hght if need be, to die ( '
Speak, history ! Who are life's victors ? Unroll
thy long annals and say
Are they those whom the world called victors,
who won the success of a day r
The Martyrs, or Nero? The Spartans who fell at
Thermopylae s tryst,
Or the Persians and Xerxes ! His judges, or Socra
tes? Pilate or Christ?
How to Live on Ten Dollars a Week.
A man with $10 a week and another to
support must live at home. If he live out
he will get inferior food and those depen
dent on him will have to go short at home.
He should spend on lodging $2 ; on lood
for two $5 ; on coal, light, dress, etc., $3.
Pieces of fried meat are extravagant;
stews, with vegetables, are profitable; fish,
dressed with sauce and vegetables, to
make meals, is profitable ; so are fish-pies;
good, well-thickened soups; fruit pud
dings; small pieces of roast for Sundays
with accompanying vegetables and well
selected pudding. A small piece of chuck
beef roasted and well-covered during the
process with a Yorkshire pudding, a few
Darsnios and some baked potatoes: for
desert, some pears stewed. A home
made cake and a little cold meat, with
home pickles or cresses, for tea or supper,
These are the combinations. New I ork
Food and Health.
2dif The full capacity
about 320 cubic inches.
of the lungs is
W. A. TRUSLOW,
Jeweler and Watch Repairer,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Respectfully announces that, having succeeded
E. J. Allen, in the Watch and Jew :lry business,
he has just added to his stock of
Watches, Jewelry, Silverware,
CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &c,
And he hopes by close attention to business and
fair dealing to merit a share of patronage.
tW Fifteen years constant experience in the
WATCH REPAIRING Department enables
him to fully warrant every Watch entrusted to
Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street,
near the Square.
Oct. 7, 1881. em
CONFECTIONERIES, GROCERIES, &c.
Cakes and Bread.
C. S. HOLTON. at the Rising Sun Store, oppo
site the Old Market, still keeps a large assortment
of Confectioneries, &c, and a good selection of
choice Family Groceries all of the freshest ana
Bread and Cakes.
His Bread is considered superior by all who use
it, and his assortment of Cakes is tine.
ZW Wedding Cakes and Cakes for Parties pre
pared in the best style at short notice.
Give me a trial wnen you neea anyiuingin my
C. S. HOLTON.
Jan. 14, 1831.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
FURNITURE. BEDDING, &c.
I have now in Store a well selected stock em
bracing everything found in a
First-class Furniture Store,
Such as Bedroom and Parlor Suits, Lounges,
Tet-a-Tets. Whatnots, Marble and Wood Top
Tables, Dining Tables, Washstands, Bureaus,
Wardrobes, Book Cases, &c.
83f CHAIRS of all kinds and cheap Bedsteads
at prices to suit the times.
I respectfully solicit a shure of patronage.
COFFINS of all grades kept on hand ready
No. 5 West Trade Street,
J; n 19, 1881 Charlotte, N. C.
A complete Stock of Rubber Belting, Rubber
and Hemp Packing. Also, all sizes and kinds of
Rope at bottom prices.
Nov 1, 1880. KYLE & HAMMOND.
Phikpns. Cranberries. Chestnuts. Oat Meal and
Maccaroni.at S. M. HOWELL'S.
November 4, 1881.
A fresh Chest of He-No-Tea just received by
WILSON & BURWELL,
Sent 30. 1881. Sole Agents.
Wine and Whisky.
We have fine brand of wine and whisky, for
Oct. 21. 1881. WILSON & BURWELL.
t5f Burton's Specific Vermifuge
is safe, sure and of the best quality.
WILSON & BURWELL,
Sole Agents for North Carolina.
Nov. 4, 1881.
On a Diligence Road to Mexico.
In Mrs. Mary Hallock Foote's "Dili
gence Journey in Mexico," in the Century
Magazine (recently Scribner), occurs the
following : Thus far we had met no ve
hicles except the two-wheeled carts drawn
by oxen wheels without tires, hewn out
and showing the separate strokes of the
ax, but many humble travelers on foot,
trotting into Mexico with back-loads of
market stuff. Fruits and vegetables were
carried in a fonr-sided hamper or ?asce
called a huncal, made, of osiers ; often it
was tilled with live fowls, the tail-feathera
of the cock gay ly fluttering through the
bars of the cage, or was divided into com
partments, with eggs below and fowls
above. "We met huge masses of pottery
ingeniously woven together with the cords
of the ; agave, -' and towering perilously
above the bearer's head : rolls of matting,
woodeu trays, bundles of sugar cane,
camote (a kind oiisweet potato), and to
matoes wrapped in green leaves. A, pair
of live hens never came amiss, swinging
by the legs from a disengaged hand, or
tied to an available corner of the load.
Whole families were en route, even to the
baby, rolled in one end of the long cotton
scarf which the Indian mother wears over
her head, or suspended in its folds at her
back. I do not think a stranger proces
sion could be met with on the high-roads
of this century.
Steadily climbing, the country growing
poorer and wilder, we pass many heaps of
stones supporting the iatal cross the
place of a murder making a mute appeal
to the traveler to pray for one cut off in
his sins. We enter the mountain passes,
dark with pines and firs, and ascend to the
battlefield of Las Crnces, on the divide
which separates the valley of Mexico from
that of Toluca. We pass the monument
to Hidalgo, and I ask with shame who
was Hidalgo, and am answered : "He was
our V ashington this is our liunker
Hill !" It was here on the 30th of Octo
ber, 1810, that Hidalgo with his Indian
insurgents, armed chiefly with slings,
bows, clubs, lances and machetes, met the
troops of the Spanish government, under
Colonel lruxillo, and drove them back
upon the capital. The loss of the Indians
must have been frightful ; in their ignor
ance of the nature of artillery, they charg
ed Truxillo's guns and "tried to stop the
mouths of them with their straw hats,
until hundreds had perished by the dis
charge." Alter the battle a sad train of
Indian women went up on the mountain
to bury their dead, and the many crosses
that were raised by their hands gave the
spot its name.
Six Hundred Doctors Assembled to
Witness an Operation Beyondthe Skill of
the Best of 7 hem.
Mr. George O. Starr sent 2,312 invita
tions to physicians in this city and here
abouts to attend an interesting clinic by
Dr. Lynn of London at a certain number
on Broadway. Some 600 doctors respond
ed, many of them accompanied by ladies.
Thev were ushered between the lines of
living curiosities which Mr. bunnell has
collected and into the auditorium, where
Dr. Lynn said he should be happy to de
capitate and otherwise dismember one or
more of them, it any felt like submitting
to the operation.
None responding, he said he would take
a stage carpenter lor his subject, and in
vited two of the doctors to assist him.
After propounding to them an intricate
question in bislogv. asking them if the
solution was clear in their minds, and be
ing answered by the shaking of heads, he
confessed that neither was it clear in his
mind and the stage carpenter who was to
be his subject was strapped against a
board at the rear of the stage, a curtain
being first drawn in front of him to con
ceal the painful process. Then, the cur
tain beiug withdrawn, Dr. Lynn seized a
heavy pruning knife, and with a neat
twirl removed the left arm of the figure
strapped to the board. The left leg was
next sacrificed. lhen a black cloth
was thrown over the head, which was un
doubtedly that of the stage carpenter,
and when the cloth was removed the fig
ure was headless. The doctor offered this
part of the man to any lady in the hall
who would hold it while the dissection pro
ceeded, but none volunteered. The fig
ure pointed in mute appeal with its right
band to the place where the head ought to
be, the Doctor kindly restored the head,
which smiled with gratification. 1 he oth
er members of the body were then thrown
at the stage carpenters feet or more
properly, at his foot and he was told to
put himself together while the curtain
was drawn for half a minute. At the ex
piration of that time he walked forth, to
all appearances whole, though Dr. .Lynn
tola the lookers on that thev must not
trust wholly to appearances.
At any rate, what was done had been
accomplished without loss of blood, and
the assembled doctors acknowledged that
this was more than they could them
selves hope for in performing the amputa
tion of a man's head, one arm, and one leg.
-New 1 ork Sun.
Damp Walls. An exchange save
"Moisture may be kept from a brick wall
oy a ssoiving uiree-quartera in a mm. u ui
rv ri t cxrt OAnn in nna fvollAn rvt nrillirifT
water and spreading the hot solution
steadily with a large flat brush over the
surface of the brick work, taking care that
it does not lather. This is to be allowed
to dry for twenty-four hours, when a solu
tion tormed of a quarter of a pound ot
alum dissolved in two gallons of water is
to be applied in a similar manner over the
coating of soap. The soap and alum mu
tually decompose each other and form an
insoluble varnish which rain is unable to
penetrate. The operation should be per
formed in dry settled weather.
Ihe largest masonry arch in this coun
try and in the world is that which carries
the Washington Aqueduct over Cabin
John Creek. It has a span of 220 feet ;
it is 101 feet high, and twenty feet wide,
and it forms an arc of a circle having a
radius of 134.2852 feet. The engineer in
charge of the aqueduct was General M. C.
Meigs. The work was begun in 18o3 aud
finished in 1863.
Decatur, Tennessee, has given up its
charter of incorporation to get rid of its 1
The Boy of the Period.
The boy of to-day is not receiving the
proper home culture. Children slip away
from parental care. This is due to the
rigorous old-time home culture. Educa-1
a innUoo.l l .V, , U I
T. , W I
n Willa K.ncrlanH tho V. n a-ai a. Af tlA I
...vuivmiu v r iiic uiviucr.
.. .uv, vuui.vi vm. mv
. 1 - - c .vw.u.uu.v.vu .
iur iuc buii. xue
other pious places, yet has a fathomless
tenderness ior nis mother, but be wants
iu cpcwoiui. iis is vuarauienzeu uy a
passionate loyalty to whatever he espouses,
uu tutu Bense ui nonor to wnicn appeal
can safely be made in most cases. One
thing in his teaching is imperative moral
purity, iet the mother inculcate this
wnn loving care, putting aside taise no
tions of modesty and all prudish ness. Let
us have done with the belief in the saying,
"Wilfl fl9t mil at. snmn timn . anmaA "
vuw ' S S 13 W. V
He who thus sows inevitably reaps a simi
lar harvest. Jivery boy should be trained
to respect womanhood. Nothing so much
adorns American manhood as his respect
r tu i 1 i j i j - i
iui nuiuaii. j.uv wuv suuuiu ub iraiueu in
politeness. This has a commercial value
nowauays. ne maKes nis way in tne
j tt i . , I
world more easily for a pleasing address,
lhere is no reason why the boy of to-day
Biiouiu nui oe taugiu tne ordinary rules ot
etiquette. tood manners are to a man
what beauty is to a woman. But best of
all, train boys in honor, in integrity and
trustworthiness. Every boy should have
an industrial occupation, and this should
be in harmony with his tastes, bo with
girls. To sum it all up, train the boy
into manliness, that standard of manliness
that combines the strongest virtues with
the gentlest weakness. Let him be like
hand of iron in a glove of velvet. There
is nothing higher or nobler than this.
An Incendiary Telephone.
A Chicago paper gives this account of a
curious tire, which might have been both
costly and inexplicable had it occurred at
night, "lhere was a peculiar hre Jbriday
afternoon at the office of the Chicago Tele
phone Company, on La Salle street. At
tour o'clock the answering board was
found to be on fire, blue and white flames
appearing. It was suggested that a cross
with an electric wire caused the fire, and
an investigation was at once made. The
flames jumped two feet and the transmit
ter began to burn. Then the fire was ex
tinguished, and fifteen minutes another
board began to burn. At the same time
the telephone at the Chicago Music Com
pany's store began to burn. It was found
that a wire had become crossed with one
of Willoughby, Hill & Co.'s electric light
wires and had resulted in a fire. The
total damages was about $300, It will be
seen how dangerous the electric light wires
are. Had the fire occurred at night whole
stores could have been burned and the
cause remained a mystery." New York
An old farmer once said that he
would not have a hired man on his farm
who did not habitually whistle. He al
ways hired whistlers. Said he never new
a whistling laborer to find fault with food,
his bed, or complain of any little extra
work he was asked to perform. Such a
man was generally kind to children and
to animals in his care. He would whistle
a chilled land into warmth and life, and
would bring in his hat full of eggs from
the barn without breaking one of them.
He found such a man more careful about
closing gates, putting up bars, and seeing
that the nuts on his plow were all proper
ly tightened before he took it into the
field. He never knew a whistling man to
beat or kick a cow or to drive her on a
run into the stable. He had noticed that
the sheep he fed in the yard or shed gath
ered around him as he whistled without
fear. He never had employed a whistler
who was not thoughtful and economical.
Dr. Chandler, of California, has
lorty acres of the Muscatel grape in vine
yard from which he has made this year
5,000 boxes of raisins worth $12,500, and
this without irrigation. He also realized
$318 from one-fourth of an acre of apri
cots. Prunes and the Zante currant are
also quito profitable to grow. He says
there is to-day no business in California so
pleasant, snre and profitable as fruitrais-
ing. it is tar more prontaoie man wheat.
His forty acres of iruit pay more than bis
neighbor s five hundred acres of wheat.
Profits are this year greater than ever.
Raw fruits for canning have sold at three
times the price of last year. One man
with eleven acres of tree fruit realized a
net profit of $13,000, chiefly from apricots,
peaches and cherries. Good canning fruit
is worth five cents a pound there. The
coddling moth is becoming quite a formid
able enemy and is seriously damaging the
apple and pear crops, lhey have no cur
culio to bother them in that State.
It is not every cross-road black
smith who can nail it on after a well made
horseshoe is placed in their hands. But
of one thing we are quite certain, that no
owner of a good horse can afford to have
him bad, 8h()d
Jbven a cheap horse can
often be made of greater service by good
shoeing. Indeed, the foot ot the horse is
such a fine piece of mechanism that it
needs fine artisaus to take care of it. No
country carpenter can do the horse's foot
justice. It is therefore folly to presume
that incompetent men can till competent
places in shoeing shops.
Greenland was so called by Eric the
Red, a Northman, in 983, he having sailed
from Iceland in search of land said to have
been seen by Gunnbjorn a hundred or
more years previously. When he first
drew near the land, he observed large
herds of reindeer feeding on the meadow
lands, and the sight pleasing him, he called
A silver dollar of the United
States, of 1804, only eight of which are in
existence, was bought lately by a. L.
Cohen for one hundred and fifty dollars.
The British Museum has one which cost
eight hundred dollars: so it would seem
as if Mr. Cohen had made a bargain.
People's intentions can only be de
cided by their conduct.
average dov. noisv. lm-1 rememshed in dn timoV i in vnn aver I nnai nn Mnnii ,n ..niniin nmmr
petuous, detesting home work, bankrupt think of the multitude of her cares and while very young from its mother and in ; -in
education and a dodger of churches and duties? She must rise mlv m nrenare oniAminT it tn it. fninr nnmnnniona. . ti
Farmer's Wives. .
Did yon ever think of the amount of
thought requisite to plan three meals a
day for three hundred and sixty-five days
in succession ? To
t 3 r . i , I
UUI IUU U1UCU. and Kir innsfl II Vincr HI. 1
f . . V
Al . V :n .
uiBwiive 11 uui .ue vuisce io rememoer i
tuoi. mo biweui liuur, Bugsr, itss, ' eic, is i
breakfast or oversee it. Perhaps there I
are children to wash, dress, and feed, or
to eel reaav lor scnooi witn tneir dinners. 1
There is baking, sweeping, dusting, mak-
ing beds, lunch tor the men ; may be
dinner, supper to be made ready , at the 1
proper time, the washings starching, fold-1
mg, ana ironing. 01 ciotnes; vne care di i
milk including the making of batter and
cneese, ano tne lnevuaoie washing ot
dishes. . In autumn there is an additional
work of pickling, preserving, canning of
fruit, drying apples, boiling cider, making
apple sauce, with the still more unpleas
ant task which falls to her lot in butcher
ing time. Then there is havinc. harvest- I
- , , i
ins. sneen-snearintr. etc . when mnra npin i
is needed, bring an increase of her labors.
' " . - r ; -
Twice a year comes house cleaning. By
the wav. of all the foes a housekeener has
to contend with, dirt is the greatest. She
may gain a complete victory and think to
repose on her laurels after the semi-annual I
engagements but it is only temporary,
ihe enemy returns, and even daily skir
mishmg does not keep it at bay.
lhere is the mending, too. oewmg ma
chines are great blessings, but they can
not set in a patch or darn stockings. I
don't mention these things by way ol com-1
piaiuiug iu nuuiau o tun m ;cuciai, vi iuv
ing for her any rights which she does not
possess. I don't know as there is any
remedy in the present state of the world. I
It seems to be one of the ills of life which I
must be borne as we bear other ills, but I
what I do, ask is due appreciation of the I
important part that woman acts, and a I
concession that her labors, mental and
physical, are as great, all things consider
ed, as those of the other sex. .Women are
not so childish that a little sympathy now
and then, or acknowledgment of their
efforts and sacrifices, make them imagine
their case worse than this. I tell you men
and husbands, "It doeth good like a medi-
ne, and many a poor crushed, broken
down wife and mother is dying for
want of it. Mrs. B. in Cleveland Her
A Good Fence Idea.
A Western farmer writes to one of our
exchanges as follows: . .
"Every farmer has his ideas about fences.
I have mine. Here they are: liaise
black walnut posts on the lot were they
are wanted. If they grow fast they will
do in from five to seven years. Use the
barb wire. Fasten brush on the top so
that horses and cattle can see it. Black
walnut injures crops the least of any green
tree that I am acquainted with. JSo stock
will gnaw it or hurt it. The roots run
straight down so you can plow against
the trunk. The tree gives black color to
the soil as far as the leaves reach. It
grows straight and tall, and has but very
tew limbs. Ihe workings oi the tree will
not break the wire. Black walnut will
pay all expenses in a few years in fruit.
If. J&. U., Kalamazoo, Mich.
The Man with the Wheelbarrow.
Capt. Lyman Potter, the "man with
the wheelbarrow," is at Westham, about
five miles above Richmond, with his
wheelbarrow, having rolled it from Cali
fornia. He has with him many rare col
lections which he picked up on his journey
across the continent. About April 1,
1878, Capt. Potter left Albany, N. Y.,
with a bran new wheelbarrow. He jour-
neyed through the various States between
the Atlantic and Pacific north of South
Carolina, rolling it wherever he went.
Whenever he filled his wheelbarrow with
collections which he gathered on his way.
he boxed them up and shipped them to
Albany, his home. The wheelbarrow
shows unmistakable evidence of having
been pushed or drawn many hundreds of I
mmm . a a a a al
miles. The spokes in the wheel are held
together with cords, and the iron taps on
Capt. Potters shoeheels have worn down
to about a thousandth part ot an inch.
About the eighteenth century, a
West India captain brought home some
mahogany logs as ballast for his ship, and
gave them to his brothern, Dr. Gibbons,
who was then building a house. The
wood was thrown aside as too hard for the
workman's tools. Sometime
his wife wanted a candle-box. The doc
tor thought of the West Indian wood,
and out of that the box-was made. Its
color and polish tempted the doctor to
have a bureau made of the same material,
and this was thought so beautiful that it
was shown to all his friends. The Duch
ees of Buckingham, who came to make
another bureau for herself. Then the de
mand arose for more, and Honduras ma
hogany became a common article of
. Ax Impoktant Ruling Pelvted Mat
tee May be Mailed with Merchandise.
The Postmaster-General has advised
that the ancient rule of the Department,
that matter of a lower grade may be in
closed in that of a higher, authorizes print
ed matter to be inclosed with merchan
dise, and that to make a distinction be
tween printed matter inclosed with mer
chandise; and printing upon a tag, attach
ed to a sample, or upon the sample itself,
where the latter consists of a paper, is
not within the reasonable intendment of
the law. It is therefore decided that upon
all papers sent as merchandise there may
be printed any matter not having the
character of an actual or personal corres
pondence; and that with such merchandise
and merchandise of other material, there
may be inclosed such printed matter. All
former rulings in conflict are revoked.
More Cuba cigars are exportedannually
from Cuba than the bland produces to
bacco ; more champagne from France than
is produced in its vineyards for home and
foreign consumption ; more olive oil from
Italy than is manufactured from olive
trees. The world is being humbugged
more and more, from year to year.
Training Shepherd Dogs.!
Darwin thus describes the training of
shepherd dogs: "When riding it is a com
mon thing to meet a large flock of sheep :
, .. -r
nlinniA mi Mlmm inn hmisa nr man . -1 '
WWAUW VU U W UWWW V mMM '
r. - . n , -
ouen wonaerea , now so, nrm a inenasnm .,(.
naa Deen estaousnea. ine nieinoa 01 pa-
A ewe is held three or four times a day for
the little thine to suck, and a nest of wool ,
is mudn tnr it in ih ihn n At tm
time is it allowed to associate with other
dogs, or with the children of the family.
From this education it has no wish to
leave the flock, and just, as another dog-
will defend its master, man, so will these
dogs defend sheep. - It is amusing1 to 6b-
serve, when approaching-a flock, how the -dog
immediately advances barking and
the sheep all close in his rear, as if, round
the oldest ram. The dogs are also taught
to bring home the sheep at a certain hour ""
iu mtj evening. xueir most vruu uicbouiu
fault when vnnncr i thoir desire tn nlav
. . : : j . . . k
mtth tho thssn fm n thotr unnn thov
anmptimpR onilnn the nnor things most un-
mercifully. The shepherd dog comes to
o r I
th hnime everw Uv tar hia meat, and as
soon as it is given him skulks, away as if
ashamed of himself. On these occasions
the house dogs are very tyrannical,, and
the least of them will attack and pursue the
stranger, The minute, however, the lat
ter has reached the flock hew turns round
and begins to bark, and then all the house
dogs take quickly to their heels. . In a
similar manner a whole pack of hungry
wild dogs will scarcely ever venture to at-
tauK. a uuuK guaxueu uy onv ui iucbd iivu-
ful shepherds. In this case the shepherd
dog seems to regard the sheep as his f el-
low brethren and thus , gains confidence;
and the wild dogs, though knowing that
the sheep are not dogs, bat ' are good to
eat, yet, when seeing them in a flock with
a shepherd dog at their head, partly con-
sent to regard them as he. does.'
Apples as Food.
A correspondent of the Country Gentle
"From the earliest ages apples have
been in use for the table as desert. The
historian Pliny tells us that the Romans
cultivated- twenty-two varieties of the
apple. In these latter days we probably
possess over two thousand. As an article
of food they rank with the potato, and on
account of the variety of ways in which
they may be served they are far prefera
ble to the taste of many persons; and if
families would only substitute ripe, lus
cious apples for pies, cakes, candies, and
preserved fruits, there would be much
less sickness among the children, and the
saving in this one item alone would pur
chase many barrels of apples. - They have
an excellent effect upon the whole system,
feeding the brain as well as adding to the
flesh, and keeping the blood pure; also pre
venting constipation, and correcting a
tendency to acidity, which produces rheu
matism and neuralgia. They will cool off
the feverish condition of the system; in
fact, they are far better for these purposes
than the many nostrums which are so
highly praised in the advertisements and
so constantly purchased by sufferers. A
ripe, raw apple is entirely digested in an
hour and a half, while a boiled potato
takes twice that long."
tSf Philadelphia has an asylum for
cats, where 4,000 were cared for daring the
past year. They . are fed on milk, and
liver. Starved cats, sick cats, and home
less cats are picked np and: brought here.
Many are mercifully killed with the fumes
of charcoal. Cats are received as board
ers, the owners, who are absent from the
city, paying twenty-five cents a week for
keeping their pets. The asylum last year
cost $3,418 69, and this under the protec
tion of the Woman's Branch of the Penn
sylvania Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals. It is supported by
ISP" "A New York firm has contracted
recently . for 5,000,000 feet of the ash, wal
a a a a .a
nut, hickory and poplar in the three coun
ties of Madison, Buncombe and nay wood,
North Carolina. Many of the trees in
Western North Carolina are of great size."
53 The institution of the "Order of the
Bath" originated in the custom of the
Franks who, when they conferred knight
hood, bathed before they performed the
I ceremony, and .from this habit came the
gT" Christians names are so called by
having been given to converts in baptism
as substitutes, for their former pagan ap
pellations, many of which were borrowed
irom ine names oi ineir goos, ana were
therefore rejected as profane.
If a little vinegar or some cider is
mixed with stove polish it will ' not take
much rubbing to make the stove bright,
and the blacking is not likely to fly off in
EcsT A piece of zinc placed on the live
coals iu a hot stove will effectually clean
out a stovepipe, the vapors produced
- carrying off soot by chemical decomposi-
tW The first gold discovered in Geor
gia was in 1799 in the shape of large
lumps. One nugget weighed no less than
1ST" About two-thirds of a pint of air
is inhaled at each breath in ordinary res
piration. . V,
The herring has' two spawning
seasons one in the hottest and one in the
coldest months of the year. .: .
C3f Virtue dwells at tfie head of a
I river tn wttinli pa nrniAt nat Vint Tit v w.
snff a",.. the stream.
I3f Poverty often deprives a man of
all spirit and" virtue. It is hard for an
empty bag to stand upright.
Strive for the
best, and provide
against the worst.