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OLD SERIES : VOLUME XXX.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1881.
VOLUME XL NUMBER 55
Charlotte Home and Democrat.
Published kvery Friday by
J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor.
Term 8 Two Dollars for one year.
Oke Dollar for six months.
Subscription price due in advance.
"Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte w
C, as second class matter." according tn the
rules of the P. O. Department
.a t T "k T . I
BOBERT GIBBON, M. D ,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
(Office corner 5th and Tryon Streets,)
Tenders his professional services to the public,
as a practical Surgeon. Will advise, treat or
operate in all the different departments of Sur
gery. March 5, 1881. ly
Dr. JOHN H. McADEN,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.,
Has on hand a large and well selected stock of
PURE DRUGS, Chemicals, Patent Medicines,
Family Medicines, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye
Stuffs, Fancy and Toilet Articles, which he is de
termined to sell at the very lowest prices.
Jan 1, 1879.
DR. T. C. SMITH,
Druggist and Pharmacist,
Km full linp nf Pn, Fir,, m,,:i
;rr t" i , ; , A
White l,fA(1 find fVilnra Mnr nno unH Tannm' I
White Lead and Colors. Machine and
Oils, Patent Medicines, Garden Beeds. and everv
thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he
will sell at low prices.
March 28, 1879.
J. P. Me Combs, M. D ,
Offers his professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
both night and day, promptly attended to.
Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite
the Charlotte Hotel.
Jan. 1, 1873.
DR. J. M. MILLER,
Charlotte, N. C.
All calls promptly answered day and night.
Office over Traders' National Bank Residence
opposite W. R. Myers'.
Jan. 18, 1878.
DR. M. A. BLAND,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Practice Limited to the
EYE, EAR AND THROAT.
March 18, 1881.
A. BURWELL. P. D. WALKER.
BURWELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts,
Office adjoining Court House.
Nov 5, 1880.
WILSON & BURWELL,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Trade Street , Charlotte, N. C,
Have a large and complete Stock of everything
pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they
invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale
Oct 7, 1880.
HALES & FARRIOR,
Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers,
Charlotte, N. C,
Keeps a full stock of haadsome Jewelry, and
Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair
Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c,
done promptly, and satisfaction assured.
Store next to Springs' corner building.
July 1, 1879.
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Grocers and Provision Dealers,
Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses,
Syrups, Mackerel, Soaps, Starch, Meat, Lard,
Hams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c, which we
offer to both the Wholesale and Retail trade. All
are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar
Jan 17, 1880.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Groceries, Provisions, &c.,
College Street, Charlotte, N. C.
Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash,
and buys Country Produce at
highest market price.
W Cotton and other country Produce sold on
commission and prompt returns made.
Nov. 1, 1881.
Cotton Buyer and General Commission Merchant.
In Sanders & Blackwood's Building,
North College St , Charlotte, N. C.
March 26, 1881.
H. W. HARRIS,
Attorney at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in the Henderson building, nearly oppo
site Court House.
Sept 2, 1881. 3mpd
Charlotte Marble Works.
W. G. BERRYHILL,
Charlotte, N. C,
Dealer in MONUMENTS, TOMBS & GRAVE
STONES, and MARBLE-WORK ,
of every description.
Having just returned from the North, where I
purchased a large assortment of fine Monuments,
Marble Slabs, and a good assortment of Stone in
my line, I am prepared to offer fair terms to suit
and crnarantek liirf .ctlnn. 1 hav Sn W
the times, to persons wanting work in my line,
some oi ine oesi workmen to oe lound in tne
Southern States. W.
Sept. 16. 1881. 3mpd
Peas and Pea Meal.
The very best food for horses and cows. For
Aug. 19. 1881.
Central Hotel Barber Shop.
GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen
tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonsorial Art in its
various branches. He and bis assistant Artists
are so well known for their skill that it needs no
multiplicity of words to inform the public where
beards can be shaved smoothly and hair cut and
dressed in fashionable style and "with dispatch."
Give him a trial. GREY TOOLE.
July 29, 1881. Under Central Hotel.
rw -- va
Killed by the New Fast
When the fast trains now nnpm-
ted between New York and Chicago ar-'
nv ai, me ena ot their ran each engineer
steps around to the front of his locomotive
and brushes the dead birds from the plate
over the "cow catcher." Birds miscalcu-1
late the speed of these trains, and attempt
n . .. i
r UBB l"e iracK immediately in
ront ot the engine, and are struck bv the
smokestack or headlight and fall
enAb..l..1. 1 IP . m .. . -
upon the plate at the boiler head.
We have a complete stock of Blacksmiths'
Tools of the best quality and at prices that will
put them within the reach of every Farmer.
Nov. 1, 1880. KYLE & HAMMOND.
ALEXANDER & HARRIS
opening a very large and beautiful
LADIES NECKWEAR, a tremendous stock
of Table Linens, all erades. A laree stock of
Marseilles Quilts. All kinds of Flannels Basket,
Opera and Plain.
The - making a specialty of
For Gentlemen and Youths, this season.
They have Hoop-Skirts, White Goods, Laces,
"i ' "u uiuer kuuus 100
numerous to mention
Remember we have a large stock of Carpets ;
also cheap Cassimeres, Jeans, Ac, for pants and
"Foster" Kid Gloves, patented June 13th.
1876. Ask for a pair of the Foster Kid Gloves,
the best in the market.
ALEXANDER & HARRIS.
Sept 30, 1881.
Hargraves & Wilhelm.
Our Fall Stock is now complete, and the hand
somest and cheapest ever offered in this market.
It embraces a full line of Silks, Satins and Surahs,
in all shades and qualities.
Our Stock of Dress Goods and Dress Trim
mings is the most varied and attractive ever
seen in this city.
Ulsters, Walking Jackets, and Children's Cloaks,
in all qualities and shades.
Shawls, Balmorals. Repel 1 ants, Cloakings, Oil
Cretonnes, Worsted Fringes, to match. Velvets,
Velveteens, Plush, &c.
A complete line of Flannels, Cassimeres, Da
masks and Towels.
A large assortment of Ladies' and Gents' Neck
wear. We have an immense stock of
Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing,
That we are selling at extremely low prices.
All we ask the public and our patrons is to give
our stock a careful inspection. They will find
the greatest variety and cheapest stock of Goods
ever shown in this place.
We will save you money by calling to see us.
All-wool Plain Black Bunting at 15 cents.
HARGRAVES & WILHELM.
Sept 30, 1881.
Cotton Gins Insured
AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE.
The undersigned is ready to issue Policies of In
surance on Cotton Gins or Mills run either by
steam or water. This is an important matter to
farmers and owners of Gins and Mills, and their
attention is especially called to it.
E. NYE HUTCHISON,
Sept, 9 1881. Agent.
We are now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock
Containing all the latest styles and qualities of
Ladies', Misses and Children's
Hats and Bonnets.
Also, all the novelties for trimming : Feathers,
Flowers, Ribbons, Silk, Flashes, Satins, Orna
Also, our usual large and attractive stock of
White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Neck Wear,
Gloves and Hosiery, Corsets, Shawls, Cloaks,
Skirts, &c. Another large stock of Ladies' Mus
lin Underwear just received, that we are offering
at very low prices.
Oct. 14, 1881. MRS. P. QUERY.
TIDDY'S CITY BOOK STORE
A well selected Stock of
Including Note, Letter, Sermon, Legal and Fools
cap, which they propose to sell cheap for cash.
Also, French Paper of every description, with
Eavelones to match.
Also, Paper in boxes, to suit the most fastidious.
SOCIAL ETIQUETTE OF NEW YORK.
A standard treatise upon tne laws of good society
in New York.
VUHUIVIiOO ilia XJJ. UiiUl "
Edward Todd & Co.'s Celebrated
A Pen by some considered superior to a Gold Pen.
TIDDY & BRO. are also Agents for Emer
son's celebrated Rubber HAND-STAMPS ; and
any orders given them will receive prompt atten
Cash paid for Rags.
Carriages, Phaetons, Buggies, &e.
I have a good
of the latest
style & superior
Call and exam
ine the work.
CHAS. WILSON, Sr.,
in front of Sanders & Wackwood's Warehouse,
H 1881 y Charlotte, N. C.
A. A. GASTON,
And House Furnishing Goods,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
He keeps the largest stock of Stoves and Tin
Ware ever offered in this market $100 reward
will be paid to any party that ever sold a larger
or heavier Stove than the "Barley Sheaf." I have
sold the "Barley Sheaf for eleven years.
Call at my Store under Central Hotel building,
and examine my stock.
tW Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware manufactured
to order, and all Sepairing promptly executed.
Feb 1, 1881. A. A. UABTUtt.
A. Winter Artist
Jack Frost is a wonderful fellow.
And he wields a magical brush ;
Such beautiful delicate pictures
As he paints in the midnight hush.
When we are soundly sleeping,
And are dreaming of Summer time,
This artist is busily painting
With only a brush and some rime ?
He covers our chamber windows
With pictures pretty and quaint,
And many a sweet, old fancy
y No Summer artist could paint.
There are crumbling old-time ruins,
And castles with turrets and towers,
And dainty angel faces
That smile from their setting of flowers.
There are dim and shadowy forests,
Where never birdling sings :
Bright pictures of fact and fancy
This wonderful artist brings.
He whitens the upland and meadow,
He frings the fern-plumes with pearls,
He silvers the gnarled old tree trunks,
O'er the brook a mantle he hurls.
Prove it by Mother.
While driving along the street one day
last winter in my sleigh, a little boy six or
seven years old, asked me the usual ques
tion, "r'ledse may I ride?
I answered him, "Yes, if you area good
lie climed into the sleigh ; and when I
fttain fisk-pd ''Are von a onnrl hnv ?"
o j - j j
he looked up pleasantly and said, " es,
"Can you prove it ?"
"By whom ?"
"Why, my ma " said he promptly.
I thought to myself, here is a lesson for
boys and girls. When a child feels aud
knows that mother not only loved but his
conhdence in him or her, and can prove
their obedience, truthfulness and honesty
by mother, they are pretty safe. That
boy will be a joy to his mother while she
lives. She can trust him out of her sight,
feeling that he will not run into evil. I
do not think he will go to the saloon, the
theatre or the gambling house. Children
who have praying mothers
who have children they
can trust, are
Boys and girls, can you "prove it by
mother" that you are good ? Try and
deserve the confidence of your par
ents and every one else. Childrens
Mfr lieology teaches that the con
tinents of the world were once beneath the
ocean. It is natural, therefore, to suppose
that there are inequalities in the bottom
of the ocean like those on the land. The
recent deep-sea soundings confirm this
opinion, and reveal mountains and hills,
valleys and table-land. The greatest
depths reached in sounding is 27,000 feet,
which exceeds the height of the loftiest
mountain in the Himalayas.
W. A. TRUSLOW,
Jeweler and Watch Repairer,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Respectfully announces that, having succeeded
E. J. Allen, in the Watch and Jew Atj business,
he has just added to his stock of
Watches, Jewelry, Silverware,
CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &e.,
And he hopes by close attention to business and
fair dealing to merit a share of patronage.
Fifteen years constant experience in the
WATCH REPAIRING Department enables
him to futtu warrant every Watch entrusted to
Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street,
near the Square.
Oct. 7, 1881. 6m
CONFECTIONERIES, GROCERIES, &C.
Cakes and Bread.
C. S. HOLTON, at the Risin? Sun Store, oppo
site the Old Market, still keeps a large assortment
of Confectioneries, &c, and a good selection of
choice Family Groceries all of the freshest and
Bread and Cakes.
His Bread is considered superior by all who use
it, and his assortment of Cakes is fine.
EST" Wedding Cakes and Cakes for Parties pre
pared in the best style at short notice.
Give me a trial wnen you need anyimngin my
C. S. HOLTON.
Jan. 14, 1881.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
FURNITURE, BEDDING, &c.
I have now in Store a well selected stock em
bracing everything found in a
First-class Furniture Store,
Such as Bedroom and Parlor Suits, Lounges,
Tet-a-Tets, Whatnots, Marble and Wood Top
Tables, Dining Tables, Washstands, Bureaus,
Wardrobes, Book Cases, &c.
tST CHAIRS of all kinds and cheap Bedsteads
at prices to suit the times.
I respectfully solicit a shure of patronage.
COFFINS of all grades kept on hand ready-
iVb. 5 West Trade Street,
J. n 19, 1881 Charlotte, N. C.
A complete Stock of Rubber Belting, Rubber
and Hemp Packing. Also, all sizes and kinds of
Hodc at bottom prices.
Nov 1. 1880. KYLE & HAMMOND.
Chickens. Cranberries. Chestnuts, Oat Meal and
iMaccaroni.at S. M. HOWELL'S.
November 4, 1881.
A fresh Chest of He-No-Tea just received by
WILSON & BURWELL,
Sept 30. 1881. Sole Acents.
Wine and Whisky.
We have fine brand of wine and whisky, for
Oct 21. 1881. WILSON & BURWELL.
Burton's Specific Vermifuge
is safe, sure and of the best quality.
WILSON & BURWELL,
w . . A). 8016 A18 f or North Carolina-
.Nov. 4, lool.
Tapping Vesuvius for Oil.
It has been reserved for an Italian citi
zen of Harrisburg, now perfectly Ameri
canized, and therefore imbued with the
Yankee genius, to conceive the idea of
boring at the side of Vesuvius to ascer
tain the source of its volcanic fires, and
utilize the tremendous power which has
for ages produced this amazing eruption
by fire, smoke, and great streams of lava.
Angelo Possi Ponti is the name of the
gentleman who has devoted a long time
to this subject, and who has now come to
the conclusion, after a study of the pecu
liar phases of the petroleum region ot
Pennsylvania, that the causes of the vol
canic forces in Vesuvius are the same as
those which produce the gases in the oil
region, only that those of the volcano are
the greater and more powerful in their
character. His idea is to have a shaft on
the land side of the mountain, or a num-
ber of them, and by that meaus reach the
bed or beds of oil wiiUirrf'he Argues flow
into a great basin immediately under the
crater of the volcano, and thus, by cur
rents of electricity, are made to burn and
overflow in great floods of lava. By
means of the shafts in question, Angelo
Possi Ponti hopes to attract the oil from
the source of its flames, thereby prevent
ing eruptions and utilizing for mechanical
purposes the vast accumulation of oil
which has for ages been consumed in the
crater, lhisisa tremendous proiect, in
the pursuit of which the inventive Italian
believes the source of earthquakes will be
reached and controlled, whereby the hu
man race will be shielded irom an engine
of destruction that has produced such
enormous amounts of loss to mankind.
This gives the affair a philanthropic phase
highly creditable to the humane feelings
of the generous Italian. Arrangements
for a stock company have been made to
take out a charter with a capital stock of
$500,000. Mr. Angelo Possi Ponti has
been in consultation for some time with a
number ol eminent geologists and civil en
gineers in this city, who, while not being
able fully to graep the tremendous sub
ject, still give its projector much encour
agement. It is as possible as the Panama
Canal, for which $50,000,000 has been
subscribed, or the excavations at Pom
peii and the search for the wonders of
Troy, the discoveries of which have as
tounded the archaeologists ot the world.
Carried his Case.
A lawyer in Cleveland, Ohio, was de
fending a very handsome young woman
accused of stealing from a large unoc
cupied dwelling in the night time; and
thus he spoke in conclusion : "Gentlemen
of the jury, I have done. When I gaze
with enraptured eye on the matchless
beauty of this peerless maiden, on whose
resplendent charms suspicion never dared
to breathe when I behold her radiant in
this glorious bloom of luscious loveliness,
which angelic sweetness might envy, but
could not eclipse before which the star
on the brow of the night grows pale, and
the diamonds oi Brazil are dim, and then
reflect upon the utter madness and folly of
supposing tnat so mucn Deauiy ana genue-
ness would expose itselt to the terrors ol
an empty building, in the cold, damp, and
dead of the night, when innocence like hers
is hiding itself amid the snowy pillows ot
repose gentlemen ol the jury, my leeiings
are too overpowering lor expression, and
I throw her into your arms for protection
against this foul charge, which the out
rageous malice of a disappointed scoundrel
has invented to blast the fair name of this
lovely maiden, whose smile shall be the
reward of the verdict which I know you
will give ! Gentlemen ! you may hang the
ocean on a grape-vine to dry ; lasso an
avalanche ; pin a napkin to the mouth of
a volcano; skim the clouds Irom the sky
with a teaspoon; throw salt on the tail of
our noble American eagle, whose sleepless
fie weTre oTthe
it' upon the moon
eye ever watcnes over tne wen
nation ; paste 'tor Kent' upon
and stars but never for a single moment
delude yourselves with the idea that this
charming girl is guilty of the charges here
preferred against her." The jury acquitted
her without leaving their seats.
Spotted Eagles. A question as to the
existence ot spotted eagles on the west
coast of Ireland has elicited a very inter
esting letter from Mr. J. R. Sheridan, of
Dugort, Achill Island, Mayo, to a London
paper. The writer asserts that this eagle,
distinguished by a white spot on each
shoulder, is still to be seen there, lhese
birds are a terror to the inhabi
tants. They will even goad horses to
wards the cliffs that the latter may fall
over and get killed or injured, and so af
ford them food. Mr. isheridan tells a
story ot a child being carried away by an
eagle, and says it is an event which might
easily happen. The mother was tending
sheep, and her baby, swathed in red nan-
nei, was lying on me grouna. uue sue
was absent a while the bird swooped
down seized the flannel in its beak, and
carried the child to a nest on the cliff. A
man descended the cliff and found the baby
(now a fine woman, not long since resi
dent in Achill) lying on a ledge of rock.
The Turcoman women are scarce
ly ever veiled, and live a very unrestrain-
ed life up to their sixteenth or seventeenth
year, when they marry. The arrange-
ments for the match are usually made by
a female friend or relation, after which
the mollah draws up the contract and fixes
the day of ceremony. As in other unciv-
ilized countries, a pretense is made of
carrying off the bride. A swarm of riders
assemble around the bride's house and a
sham fight takes place, at which there is
much firing and clatter of swords. The
bride is then placed on a carpet and luted
on to the back of a camel, after which a
veil is thrown over her, and she is carried
to the tent where the marriage ceremony
is to be performed.
measures 9 feet in diameter, a poplar in
t3F A correspondent of the Rural Isew Haywood that measures 8 feet in diame
Yorker stops a cow or steer from jumping ter anj a cypress in the Roanoke section
over fences, by nailing a horseshoe on one
forward foot. This prevents the hoof
from spreading, and consequently renders
the animal unable to spring. This is cal-
culated to be very effectual.
rjg The key that winds
J man's business is whisky.
up many a
Here is how a brother journalist puts it:
We presume that some people think that
neWBDaDer men are nerftistent nnn- lot a.
. . rT : ., , . - i
farmer place himself m a similar business
position and see if he would not do the
Suppose thai he raises one thousand bush
els of wheat, and his neighbor should come
and buy a bushel, and the price was only
a small sum of two dollars, or less, and the
neighbor says, "I will pay you the amount
in two days." As the farmer does not
want to be small about the matter, he says
Another comes in the way, until the
whole of the one thousand bushels of
wheat are trusted out to one thousand dif
ferent persons, and not one of the purchas
ers concerns himself about it, for it is a
small amount they owe the farmer, and ol
course that will not help him any.
He does not realize that the farmer has
frittered away his large crop of wheat andj
that its value is due in a thousand little
driblets, and that he is seriously embar
rassed in his business because his debtors
treat it as a little matter. But if all would
pay him promptly, which they could do
as well as not, it would be a very large
amount to the farmer, and enable him to
carry on his business without difficulty.
The above comparison is too true of the
difficulties that the newspaper man has to
Reform the Fences.
Somebody has made a calculation show
ing that the money invested in fences in
tne united states amounts in tne aggre
gate to more than the national debt.
These fences, moreover, must be renewed
on the average once in every ten years.
They are growing more expensive with
the scarcity ot timber and the increasing
demand lor lumber for more important
purposes, borne substitute must be found.
Wire is exteusively used, but there are
serious objections to it in all its forms.
Why not adopt the Osage orange?
Properly treated, it makes an excellent
hedge. When the plants are allowed to
grow up untrimmed they make beautiful
trees, and a few of them, permitted to
shoot up at intervals in the hedge, are
very desirable both for shade and orna
ment. With good attendance a hedge
may be obtained in three or lour years
that will turn the largest or the smallest
stock. Belter still, it will turn men and
boys. The lawless trespasser will have a
bard road to travel when he has either to
bolt through an Osage hedge or run a
quarter of a mile to find a gate.
Nothing would go further to relieve the
farmer from this annoyance, which in the
neighborhood of towns is almost unen-
uurauie, man me general imrouucwun oi
the hardy Osage hedge. The sportsmen,
who are annually urging the Legislature
to greater stringency in the laws for the
preservation of game, may also profitably
consider how much this cheap and sim
ple expedient would contribute to their
object. The hedge is the best friend of
the bird, and the worst enemy of the tres-
passer and the
pot hunter. JVeto lork
A Black Walnut Grove.
The smartest Texan, and in fact the
smartest farmer I ever met, is old Sam
Graves, who lives on a one hundred acre
farm west of the Waxahatchie, in Central
Texas. After Mr. Graves had shown me
bis woods :
"Well, what of it?" I asked, as he
pointed out a ten-acre forest.
"What of it ? Why, them's black wal-
nust. sir. Ten acres of 'em. Planted
'em myself, ten years ago. See, they
are ten inches through. Good trees,
And sure enough, there were ten acres
of hand-planted walnut trees. They stood
about twenty feet apart, 200 to thacre-
in all 2,000 trees.
how do you get your money
"lilack walnuts are
walnuts are worth $2.50 a
bushel, ain't they ? I'll
this year that's $1,000.
lars a year is good rent
get 400 bushels
for land worth
$15 an acre, ain't it?"
"Well, what else ?" I inquired, growing
"The trees," continued Mr. Graves,
"are growing an inch a year. When they
are twenty years old they will be nine
teen inches through. A black walnut
nineteen inches through is worth $15.
My 2,000 trees ten years from now will
be worth $30,000. It I don't want to
cut them all I can cut half of them, and
raise a bushel of walnuts to the tree-
that is, get $2,500 a year for the crop.
Two hundred and faitv dollars an acre is
fair rent for $10 land, ain't it ? ' Chicago
North Carolina Woods.
In North Carolina there are 112 species
of woods, and of this number 104 varie
ties are displayed at Atlanta. In all of
the Northern States there are only about
140 species ot woods, and in all the South-
a.n Qfotao nnls 1 OR ar0ioa Tn tKo Stoto
geological museum are two collections of
woods, made eighty years ago. One of
these, complete, was taken to the Vienna
exhibition of 1873, where it attracted much
attention. Prof. Kerr, at the close of the
exposition, presented these woods to the
German government, by special request,
anj now the magnificent collection is one
cf the sights in the Imperial Museum at
Among the very uncommon trees found
jn North Carolina are the live-oak and
palmetto. There is a very fine specimen
Qf palmetto in the State museum at Ral-
eigh from Beaufort. The palmetto also
grows in the Cape Fear section. Speak-
jDg recently about the size of our trees,
prof. Kerr mentioned a chestnut tree
near Old Fort, McDowell county, that
that measures 7 feet in diameter. North
Carolina has the only collection of woods
at Atlanta. Greensboro Patriot.
A negro man and a white woman were
convicted in Greenville, South Carolina,
last week, and sentenced to the peniten
tiary for intermarrying.
What is a Home?
a home is the place where character is I
formed, where education goes on, and
i i ' 5
wuere peopie are impressed ior time ana i
for eternity. It is a place to be good, hon-
est and earnest living. Very great is her
responsibility who is oueen of this king-1
uom. AO a very important extent sne
makes or mars its completeness. A fret-
ful fault finding, narrow, incapable wo-
man, in the position of a wife and mother,
can cloud a home with misery while she
3 m . . . . . I
still keeps house well and scrubs floors I
till they are white as snow. But the re-1
cording angel, surveying her performances, j
will surely say, "This ought vou to 1
have done, and should not have left the I
other undone." ' In a home there should I
be liberty without license, time for family I
intercourse, and space for personal solici-1 Moffat, the distinguished missionary, read
tude, room for the entertainment . of ng placard announcing -a missionary
guests, and maintenance of social life, and I
over all, a tender, trustful daily atroos
pherfeSi irae dotwa and -commffnio
with tlod. All this is not wholly, but
largely the hands of her who is the cen
tral thought and the well-spring of pleas
ure in every comfortable, Christian home,
the dear, honored, and gracious mother.
Let nobody who is a housekeeper fear to
magnify her office. It is very a sacred one,
and if she perform its duties faithfully, she
is worthy of no stinted praise. Christian
Luxury in the Metropolis.
The luxury and perfection of detail in
New York dwellings is passing into a
proverb. Nowhere in the world, proba
bly, is so much time and money expended
upon the furnishing and ornamenting of
the homes of the rich as in this city. The
draping of curtains has become a distinct
branch of art, and every decorator and
upholsterer has one or more employes,
whose sole business it is to arrange in
graceful folds the draperies, which are
now indispensable, at doors, windows and I
J 1 T7 . I 1 . i I
nrepiaces. xuveu lue uauisiera niusb now
be Btuffed and tufted and draped on either
side with heavy fringe. Ceilings are fres
coed and painted in the studios of dis
tinguished artists, and then transferred to
the houses that they are to embellish.
Hundreds of women are employed, at an
expense of thousands of dollars, upon em
broidery and art needlework which are to
adorn the sumptuous palaces in which our
rich men live. Paintings, statuary, carv
ings in stone and wood, the richest fabrics
of French and Indian looms, indeed, all
that is most rare and beautiful in nature
and art, are brought to bear upon the
decoration of these republican palaces.
Even the stables in which the horses,
coachmen and grooms are to be housed
are far m0re luxurious than the simple
homes in which the lathers ot our race
passed tlreir lives. The newly-finished
tables of Mr. Cornelius Vanderbilt in
Fifty-eighth street far outshine those of
the Koman Umperor whose sumptuous ap
pointments have become a matter of his
tory. jy. 1. Sun.
The "Shoeblack Plant" is said to be the
name properly given to a species of Hibis-1
cus growing in JNew ooutn vvaies, and
remarkable for the showy appearance of its
scarlet flowers. Growing freely in almost
any kind of soil, the plant is frequently
cultivated for the flowers, which, when
dry, are used as a substitute for blacking.
The flowers contain a largo proportion of
mucilaginous juice, which, when evenly tnen strained through linen and left to de
applied, gives a glossy, varnish-like sp- pOSit itg geaimentf which is the essence in
pearance, which is said perlectly to replace
orainary macKiug, wim m uuwige
mat it la cieamy iu ubw auu uau uc appueu.
til a tew iiioujcubs. vi uvv uv vw v
ok iwJt wwi lilhino
brush may be applied afterward, if, desif-
a a (Jm io r u tt ;K;.n.
sinensis growing in the garden would
move one of the minor disadvantages of a
day in the country, where the roads are
dustv and blacking almost unknown.
Chinese ladies use the juice of the flowers
for dyeing their hair and eyebrows. The
I Darts of Asia. It would be interesting to
ascertain to what extent, if any, the Aletha,
I or Hibiscus Syriaca, and the Swamp Rose
Mallow, another member of the Hibiscus j
family, possess the same property.
I2T" The famous tree called the "Char
ter Oak," near Hartford, Conn., which fell
August 21st, 1856, was thirty-three feet in
circumference at the ground, and it fell
broken off so as to leave eight feet of stump
on one bide, and six feet on the other. A
double-trunked oak-tree is standing in a
garden in South Beaver, Pa., which begins
at wie root witu a Biugiu uuui.
vides into two, about one foot from the
ground, continuing thus for ten feet, and
then becomes united again. Each of tho
twin-trunks, at the point of division,
measures three feet in circumference. On
the Hubbard farm in North Andover,
Mass., stands a magnificent elm-tree,
measuring twenty-seven feet in circum
ference. A barberry bush has taken root
noicu, iwcui,y m
which can be remembered by some of the
At Hingham, Mass., netr the former site
ot the Old Colony House, is an elm-tree
measuring twenty-four feet in circum-
ference. There is a cypress-tree on the
Neuse River, N. C, in the hollow of which
a horse could be turned around.
A night operator on railroads tells
the inter-ucean now to ciean iamp-cnim-neys.
In one end of a stick half of an inch
square and a foot long, drive four or five
small nails, brads, or small tacks, letting
them project a quarter of an inch, then set
your lamp-chimneys for a moment where
they may become cool as possible; next
take a piece of soft rag, fold or twist it
into a bnnch, place it in the chimney, and
taxing your suck piace me ena containing
the nails on the cloth, and it will be seen
that the stick acts as an arm, and the nails
as fingers to grasp the rag. Now all that
remains is to moisten the inside of the
chimney with the breath and rub, repeat
ing the breathing into the chimney as
often as necessary. The cleaning can be
done as well and twice as quickly this way,
as by water or powders.
More depends on little things than we
think. It is said that Voltaire, when five
i j v
jom" viu, icameu au iuuuh pveu, iuu no
was never able to free himself from its ef-
Scott, the commentator, when de-
spairing, read a hymn of Dr.
wu lurneu irum a me oi iiucnceuuu biu
to one of usefulness.' Cowper, about to
drown himself was carried the wrong way
by his driver, and went home to write
"God moves in a mysterious way." The
J r Z ,; : J t .
rebuke of a teacher aroused Dr. Clarke to
great action, and who had up to that time
been slow in acquiring knowledge. Ole
iuu, tne great violinist, rescued irom
suicide by drowning and taken to the near
residence of a wealthy lady became her
protege, and soon acquired fame. Robert
meeting, was led to devote himself to
work for the heathen. One step down
ward often leads Into the greatest guilt.
It is the -little words and actions that
make or mar our lives. Congregation'
A Monkey Witness. A monkey wit
ness is shortly to appear in a murder trial
in an Indian court at Sattara. A traveling
showman, whose living depended on, five
monkeys and a goat, was recently mur
dered near a village, his troupe being
killed with the exception of one monkey,
which ran up a tree and watched the
assassins bury his master and his com
panions. When all was quiet the monkey
ran off to the "patel" of the nearest vil
lage, and made him understand by
screeches and signs that something was
wrong. The "patel" followed the monkey
which led him to the place where his mas
ter was buried, and the murder was duly
discovered. The monkey is now kept for
the identification of the assassin, a
Elan which recalls the time-honored
istory of the dog of Montargia. London
A person consulted Dr. Samuel
Johnson as to what to put on : his sign
board, proposing "John Williams : boots
and shoes sold here." Dr. Johnson began
to criticise it: "What's the use of 'here V
Is not your shop seen to be here, and not
at the North Pole ?" The word "here"
went out. " 'Sold.' Does any one expect
to get them for nothing? 'Sold' is an
insult; you hint to your customers that
they are idiots who expect to get boots
for nothing." Out went "sold." " 'John
Williams.' Ah! What care I whether
John Williams or John Gumpus sells
them?" "John Williams" went out.
" 'Boots and shoes 1' But suppose a man
passes who can't read ? His money is as
good as that of the most learned pro
fessor? Pray off with 'boots and shoes,
and paint on the board a boot and
C3f In France,' a pearl costing sixteen
dollars is now imitated for fifty cents or a
dollar, and so successfully as to be sold at
the price of the genuine article to any one
not a veritable expert, and even the lat
ter class are often puzzled. The artificial
peari however, is simply a glass bead or
gi0be which is first coated on the inside
I wjtn a eue maje of parchment. then
treated with a peculiar so-called "essence,"
after which it f8 fined with wax Tho e8.
ence is the nhief nearlv inarediflnt. and i
obtained bv rubbfnff together white fish.
I BO M t0 remove the scales: the whole is
question. It requires about 1 7,000 fish to
i pro(iace a pound of the pearly essence.
A AAA AS A X JUW Al A T C VUI I CDUVU'
dent of the Scientific American says: "Let
u? e who has an attack of lockjaw take
small quantity of turpentine, warm it
w " T w.-B v
PPVU TBre.,Y" ?r urtt,"B nn ?Sar
"rPenw.ne "wiu give certain reuet
aimo". mwanuT. xurpenune is aiso a
piece of flannel with it and place the flan
nel on the throat and chest and in every
severe case three or four drops on a lump
of sugar may be taken inwardly.
The skin of a boiled eaz is the
most efficacious remedy that can be ap
pled to a bcil. Feel it carefully, wet and
apply it to the part affected. It will draw
off the matter and relieve the soreness in
a few hours.
In one year, Huntsville, Ala has put
np a cotton factory, cotton seed oil mill.
cotton chopper manufactory, iron foundry
and machine shop.
D. J. Pipkin, of Williamsburg. S. C.
gathered this year 3,500 bushels of corn
from fifty acres of old swamp rice lands,
which be bad drained.
J. F. Leambias, of St. John's county.
Florida, has cotton growing on his place
eight feet high.
E5f It is estimated that the loss to the
J0" c.roE.f.hro.ag.h thert gamon River
flood, m Illinois, is $250,000.
ixuisiana's sugar crop is estimated at
I : Seven hundred Italians are to be em-
I ployed on the Sunset railway in Texas.
Northern men are purchasing a good
deal of land around Richmond, Va.
SW Last year the United States pro
duced 70,000,000 tons of coal.
I Kentucky is the only state that raises
-Birmingham, Alabama, has a well of hot
water. ' :
The pink-eye is prevalent among the
horses of Selma, Ala. - , 1
Hancock county, Mississippi, has made
a fine rice crop. ' '