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OLD SERIES: VOLUME XXX.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, FRIDAY DECEMBER 16, 1881.
, VOLUME XLr-NUMBER 555
Charlotte Home and Democrat,
X P. STRONG,' ; Editor & Proprietor!
", : " " " 1 " ; ' 7
; Term Two Dolulrs for one Veii'.!;U (
rt ? n : On Dollab for six moatbs.'
... -8qbcriptteB:;pric0':-dq iQi adTsno&v n ?
"Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte.' H3.
C. aa second class matter," according to the
rules of the P. O. Departmentr
ROBERT GIBBON, 1L D j !
CHARLOTTE, N. a, : s
Office corner 5th and Tryon Streets,)
Tenders his- professional services to the public,
as a practical Surgeon., i Will advise, treat or
operate in all the different departments of Sur
gery. . !
March5,1881. ly ;
Dr.; JOH. H. MoADETt' Vt
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Has on hand a large and well selected stock of
PURE DRUGS, Chemicals, Patent Medicines,
Family Medicines, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye
Stuffs, Fancy and Toilet Articles, which he is de
termined to sell at the very lowest prices. ;
Jan 1, 1879.
DR. T. C. SMITH,
Drugeist and Pharmacist,
Keeps a full line of Pure Drugs and Chemicals,
White Lead and Colors, Machine and Tanners
Oils, Patent Medicines, Oarden seeds, and every
thing pertaining to the Drug business, which be
will sell at low prices.
March 28, 1879.
J. P. McCombs, M. D,
Offers his professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
uoia mgm ana aay, promptly attenaea to,
Umce m Brown's building,
the Charlotte Hotel.
up stairs, opposite
Jan. 1,1873. -
DR. J. M. MILLER,
Charlotte, N. C.
All calls promptly answered day and night.
Office over Traders' National Bank Residence
opposite W. R. Myers'.
Jan. 18, 1878.
DR. M. A. BLAND,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Hotel. - - - -
Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
Feb 15, 1878. ......
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Practice Limited to the
EYE, EAR AND THROAT.
March 18, 1881.
A. BUKWELL. P. D. WALKER.
BURWELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts,
Office adjoining Court House.
Nov 5, 1880.
WILSON & BURWELL,
WHOLESALE AND BETAIL
Trade Street Charlotte, N. C,
Have a large and complete Stock of everything
pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they
invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale
Oct 7, 1880.
HALES & PARRIOR,
Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers,
Charlotte, N. C,
Keeps a full stock of handsome Jewelry, and
Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair
Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c,
done promptly, and satisfaction assured.
Store next to Springs' corner building.
July 1,1879. ... F l4
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Grocers and Provision Dealers,
Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses.
Syrups, Mackerel, Soaps, Starch, Meat, Lard,
Hams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c, which we
offer to both the Wholesale and Retail trade. All
are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar
Jan 17, 1880, :
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Groceries, Provisions, &c, .
College Street ',' '4 Charlotte, N. C.
Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash,
and buys Country Produce at
highest market price.
tW Cotton and other country Produce sold on
commission and prompt returns made.
Nov. 1, 1881. , . . .
Cotton Buyer and General Commission Merchant.
In Sanders & Blackwood's Building;
North College St , Charlotte, N. C.
March 26, 1881.
H. W. HARRIS,
' Attorney at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in the Henderson building, nearly oppo
site Court House.
Sept 2, 1881. 3mpd
Charlotte Marble Works.
W. G. BERRYHILL,
Charlotte, N. C,
Dealer in MONUMENTS, TOMBS & GRAVE-
STONES, and MARBLE-WORK "
of every description.
Having just returned from the North, where 1
purchased a large assortment of fine Monuments
Marble Slabs, and a good assortment of Stonn in
my line, I am prepared to offer fair terms to suit
the times, to persons wanting work in my line,
and guarantee satisfaction. I have in my employ
some of the best workmen to be found in the
Southern States. W. G. BERRYHILL,
Sept 16. 1881. 3mpd
Peas and Pea MeaL
The very best food for horses and cows. For
8& ic by
JOHN VANL AND1NGHAM.
Aug. 19. 1881.11 1 5 X sUVj
Central Hotel Barber Shop. -
GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen
tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonsorial Art in its
various branches. He and his assistant Artists
are so well known for their skill that Jt needs no
multiplicity of words to inform the public where
beards can be sh&ved smoothly and hair cut and
dressed in fashionable style and "with dispatch.'.'
Give him a trial.' " ; - - ' GREY TOOLE. ' J
July 29, 1881 :- .Under Central Hotel.
A iovelv dove wines it.afliwfct nvor
the waste of waters that sweep round and
round a deluged j world, finding, no rest
BnVwTlAfA frtv iha ala a( iti. TT
. j ------ ov v xtn iccbi ,UVW tU
1 ; i 1 ... . "
pireies aooui wat one solitary ark of shel-
prt.i I IT 111 VU. UUBIB
n a a 1. n 1 n n n a
wearied and beaten with tha winu
andflempest, ready to perish, until a! last
miiuuw is upueu ana ,w nana ot
Noah is pnt'forth, andlthe .bird' Is talcen
in 1 Thou art like that dove, if thou hast
not yet come to Christ, and been taken
nj,o ine neart of his love. . .
- s . Blacksmiths Tools.
TOOlS Of the best OUalitv and nt rrta that will
put them within the reach of every Farmer.
VT - . nv w t. .
xtov. ij itwu. . JS.XL.Jfi & HAMMOND.
I ALEXANDER & , HARRIS
AW'nbw opening, a eryf large fand Tjeauliful
stockof ! ? ::,'.
m Dress Goods.
LADIES'- NECKWEAR, a tremendous stock
of Table Linens, all grades. "A large stock of
Marseilles Quilts. All kinds of flannels Basket,
Opera and Plain.
Thej are making a specialty of .
For Gentlemen" and Youths, this season. '
They have Hoop-Skirts, White Goods, Laces,
Embroideries of all kinds, and other goods too
numerous to mention
; Remember we have a large stock of Carpets ;
also cheap Cassimeres, Jeans, Ac, for pants and
t" "Foster" Kid Gloves, patented June 13th,
1876. Ask for a pair of the Foster Kid Gloves,
the best in the market
ALEXANDER & HARRIS.
Sept 30. 1881.
i Hargraves & Wilhelm.
Our Fall Stock is now complete, and the hand
somest and cheapest ever offered in this market.
It embraces a full line of Silks, Satins and Surahs,
in all shades and qualities. ' . ' '
Our Stock of Dress Goods and Dress Trim
mings is : the most varied and attractive ever
seen in this city. . ,
Ulsters. Walking Jackets, and Children's Cloaks,
in all qualities and shades. ;r
I Shawls, Balmorals, Repellants, Cloakings, Oil
Cretonnes, Worsted Fringes, to match. Velvets,
Velveteens, Plush, &c
A complete line of Flannels, Cassimeres, Da
masks and Towels. , (,
A large assortment of Ladies' and Gents' Neck
We have an immense stock of
Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing,
That we are selling at extremely low prices. 1
All we ask the public and our patrons is to give
our stock a careful inspection. They will find
the greatest variety and cheapest stock of Goods
ever shown in, this place.
We will save you money by calling to see us.
All-wool Plain Black Bun ting at 15 cents;
HARGRAVES & WILHELM.
Sept 30, 1881.
Cotton Gins Insured
AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE.
The undersigned is ready to issue Policies of In
surance on Cotton Gins or Mills run either by
steam or water. This is an important matter to
farmers and owners of Gins and Mills, and their
attention is especially called to it.
E. NYE HUTCHISON,
Sept, 9 1881. Agent.
We are now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock
Containing all the latest styles and qualities of
Ladies', Misses and Children's
Hats and Bonnets.
Also, all the novelties for trimnriW: Feathers,
Flowers, Ribbons, Silk, Flashes, Satins, Orna
Also, our usual large and attractive stock of
White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Neck Wear,
Gloves and Hosiery, Corsets, Shawls Cloaks,
Skirts, &c. Another large stock of Ladies' Mus
lin Underwear just received, that we are offering
at very low prices.
UCt. 14, 1881- Juno. Jr. tUJlirtl .
. -' AT
TIDDY'S CITY BOOK STORE
A well selected Stock of
Including Note, Letter, Sermon, Legal and Fools
cap, which they propose to sell cneap ior casn.
Also, French Paper of every description, with
Envelopes to match. . . .,
Also, raperin boxes, to suat toe most fastidious.
SOCIAL ETIQUETTE OF NEW YORK.
A standard treatise upon the laws of good society
in New York. . 'V ..
CONGRESS TIE ENVELOPES a new lot
Edward Todd & Co.'s Celebrated
A Pen by some considered superior to a Gold Pen.
TIDDY & BRO. are also Agents forEmer-
ssn's celebrated Rubber HAND-STAMPS; and
any orders given them will receive prompt atten
tST" Cash paid for Rags. .
Carriages, Phaetons, Buggies, &c.
I have a good
supply of ,
of the latest
stvle & superior
Call and exam
ine the work.
CHAS. WILSON, Sr.,
W h College Street,
in front of Sanders & Blackwood's Warehouse,
Jan 14,1881 y Charlotte, N. C.
A. A, GASTON, :
. DEALER HI :
: Stoves, Tin-Ware
And House Famishing Goods,
fY 01 CHARLOTTE, ; y.I C;i H O X
He keeps the largest stock of Stoves and Tin
Ware ever offered in this market n $100 , reward
will be paid to any party that ever sold a larger
or heavier Stove than the "Barley Sheaf." I have
sold the "Barley 8heaf" for elevenyeare. ? ; ;
Call at my Store under Central Hotel building,
and examine my stock.
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware manufactured
to order, and all Repairing promptly executed.
. Feb t,188Lsf . .A. A. GASTON. : '
I do not murmur at God's will, l i
I know that it is best ; J J -
I know that in His heavenly fold -
My darling is at rest . i :
- : - -'sits.?. ; . -.1
, I know that now he needs no more
My earthly watchi end care; ;j ,f
Kept safe beneath the Father's eye
From every sin and snare.
- Forever safe J at this glad thought-'
" I can almost rejoice, ,;: " '
" And patient wait until I too, ' ! - :s
Shall hear the Master's voice.-' ' ' . " ' '
. , : " ( ". ' . i . .. i i . '. i'.
. But, oh 1 the aching, aching void,
s The weary, longing heart, !.!..
The bitter thought that in my home s ,f
. He has no more his part I :t 0 .
J The empty bed, the vacant chair; 4 ' ' - ' ' 1 '
-iV The toys "all laid aside'1" ; J ' ; "
The listening for his merry step,
Bring tears I cannot hide. .
Dear Saviour, who didst mourn Thy friend,
Who wept o'er Lazarus dead, . . . .
Have pity on me in my. grief,
, Lift up my drooping head.
Ob, come ! and fill the empty place '
With Thine own presence bright, :
Shine in upon my darkened heart
1 With Thine eternal light; ' . ' ' '
.Until I reach the heavenly home, ;
Where parting cometh never,
: And I shall have my dear one there . .
Forever and forever ! i
., Tht ChurcJiman.t
The rarest of all gems is not the dia
mond, which follows after the ruby. This
in its turn allows precedence to the chry
soberyl popularly known as the cat's eye.
The true stone comes from Ceylon, though
Pliny knew ol something similar under the
f l t 3 . 1 i r
name oi zimuainpis, iuuiiu m lue oea oi
the Euphrates. Can we wonder, when we
look at one of these singular productions
of Nature, with its silvern streak in the
centre, and observe, as we move it ever so
slightly, the magic rays of varying light
that illumine its surface, that it was an
object of profound reverence to the an
cients ? The possessor was supposed never
to grow poorer, but always to increase his
substance. ' The largest known is now in
the possession of Mr. Bryce Wright, the
well-known mineralogist. It is recorded
in the annals of Ceylon, and known to his
tory as the finest in the world. Two
stars of lesser magnitude shine by its
side, and we are informed that three
such stones are not known to exist
elsewhere in the wide world. London
Graphic. 5 i
B3ir" The exhibit of Southern woods at
Atlanta includes the sweet gum, light col
ored, often worked up into coffins; the tu-
pello, a tree that cutB like cheese, bat can
not be split, used by the negroes for corks;
the palmetto; the Spanish bayonet, with
stiff blades, sharp as needles, and serrated
edges; the swamp cypress, with its point
ed excrescences, three leet high, spring
ing from the root; and the curled pine,
which takes a grain polish like the curled
maple, but infinitely more vivid and beau
tiful. W. A. TRUSLOW,
Jeweler and Watch Repairer,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Respectfully announces that, having succeeded
E. J. Allen, in the Watch and Je :lry business,
he has just added to nis stock oi
Watches, Jewelry, Silverware,
CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &c.
And he hopes by close attention to business and
fair dealing to merit a snare oi patronage.
W Fifteen years constant experience in the
WATCH REPAIRING Department enables
him to full warrant every Watch entrusted to
Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street,
near the Square.
Oct. 7. 1881. 6m
CONFECTIONERIES, GROCERIES, &ci
Cakes and Bread.
C. S. HOLTON, at the Rising Sun Store, oppo
site the Old Market, still keeps a large assortment
of Confectioneries, &c, and a good selection of
choice Family Groceries all of the freshest and
pest quality. ; , ,
Bread and Cakes.
His Bread is considered superior by all who use
it, and his assortment of Cakes is fine. . .
S"T Wedding Cakes and Cakes for Parties pre
pared in the best style at short notice.
uive me a trial wnen you neea anytmng in my
line. ; , , .
' ; C. S. HOLTON.
' Jan. 14,1881.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
FURNITURE, BEDDING, &c.
I have now in Store a well selected stock em
bracing everything found in a
First-class Furniture Store,' ,
Such as Bedroom and Parlor Suits, Lounges,
Tet-a-Tet8. Whatnots. Jttarble and Wood Top
Tables, Dining Tab'es, Washstands, Bureaus,
Wardrobes, Book Cases, &c.
lT CHAIRS of all kinds and cheap Bedsteads
at prices to suit the times.
I respectfully solicit a share of patronage.'
ALSO, '" '"
COFFINS of all grades kept on hand ready
made. .-, , . - ? ,
...... No. 5 West Trade Street, .
J.n 19, 1881 : i: .; . Charlotte, N. C.
A complete Stock of Rubber Belting, Rubber
and Hemp Packing. Also, all sizes and kinds of
Rope at bottom prices. -Nov
1, 1880.. KYLE & HAMMOND
.V'Tf...., He-No Tea. ,
A fresh Chest of He-No-Tea just received by
WILSON & BURWELL,
. Sept 80, 1881. J - s SoleAeenta
Wine and Whisky.
We have fine brand of wine and whisky, for
medical use. '' - - -i
Oct 21,1881. WILSON & BURWELL.
Burton's Specific Vermifuge
is sale, sure and oi the best quality. .
u afe iruus.-i. 'WILSON & BURWELL,
lo faulitt hi Sole Agents fox North Carolina,
Not. 4, 1881.' im
This Year of -Wonders.
A correspondent ot the Charleston S.
CI, News and Courier, writing from Kings
tree, S. C, say s:' This eventful and disas
trous year is.fast appoaching its end, .and
the reader of current history will remerh-.
ber it is a year of incidents ana accidents.
More strange things have . occurred dur
ine the year -1881 than f have probably
ever been crowded into that space of time
since'America became a nation. To recapitu-
ate them, here would require too much
space, bat those wno nave reaa caretuiiy,
wiH call to mind "the trulh of the asser
tion j ust made., f 'And ' it looks like "won
ders will never cease' ., '
The farmers say, that ' the . late warm-
dry; fall has been of great benefit to the
cotton crop, frfgivirig the top crop time to
mature, which has added afcout one-sixth
more to'thV erbp th4n would have been
made if there had been an early fall. In
this county, from the best data that I can
get, there will be about 65 per cent, of a
cotton crop made, and' about 35 per cent
of a corn crop.' The pea and potato crop
is very short generally, but in some locali
ties there is a good yield. Mr. D. J. Pip
kin, who plants fifteen miles southeast ot
this place, gathered this-year from fifty
acres of land 3,500 bushels of corn. He
reclaimed and drained an old rice field,
and has been making such crops of corn
as this for several year?. His brother and
some of his neighbors are doing the same
thing on similar lands. : When the larmers
generally learn to do like Mr. Pipkin has
done, clear and cultivate their rich swamp
lands, there will be no scarcity of corn in
this country. j ! '- :
My observation shows me that the best
land in this ' Country as well as in many
Other countries in the State is lying idle,
and that if one-third of the money and la
bor that are spent in buying and applying
commercial fertilizers was used in prepar
ing lands, like Mr. Pipkin s, upon - which
no fertilizers are needed, it would relieve
the farmer of great expense and enable
him to produce larger crops.
The lower counties ot this btate need a
teeming, working, frugal population to de
velop the best resources . of this section of
country. A population is required that
will not be satisfied with making enough
for a bare subsistence, but one like the
first white settlers, who found this a prim
eval forest, and by industry and energy
made it what it was before the ' war a
country full of comforts, and abundantly
supplied with all the products that make
a people happy and independent. It
seems to me if such progress could be
made then, it is possible to do so again
with the improvements and facilities ot this
modern age. Through this section we
now have railroads,steamboats, telegraphs",
&c, and other improvements that were
not known in those days. Ample and
ready facilities for transportation are open
to all. Why cannot'this country be' re
vived and the people made rich and com
fortable again? It can be done, and I be
lieve it will be done.
It was stated some time ago in a report
frorA the agricultural bureau at Washing
ton that this county only produced five
thousand bales of cotton. This was er
roneous, and it occurred in this way. The
county auditor, from whom the bureau
obtained its information did not receive
instructions to collect this information un
til he had nearly completed listing the
property of the county, hence he did not
have an opportunity of getting a full
statement. The county produces between
fifteen and sixteen thousand bales.
One of the largest industries in this
county is the naval stores, timber, and
cross-tie business. It pays better, and
therefore absorbs a great deal of the capi
tal and labpr that otherwise would be en
gaged in the cultivation of cotton. The
value of the taxable property ot this coun
ty, according to the last returns to the
auditor, is $2,086,228. Number of acres
of arable or plouach lands, 54,380 : wood
uncultivated and marih lands, 52,000 ;
number of buildings. 6.158 : number of
horses, 1,444 ; cattle, 13,335 ; mules, 887 ;
sheep and goats, 10,716 ; hogs, 14,097
pleasure carriages. 1,717. These are some
of the principal items which go to make
up the aggregate of taxable property, and
may be oi interest to persons who have
been making inquiries recently about the
The New Trousers for Ladies.
Take a pair of overalls: sew a goreshap-
ed piece between the two inside seams of
the two legs in front; sew a plain wide
piece from one outside seam to the other
at the back, and there you' will have
perfect pattern of the newtrousers for
ladies. Ji course any amount ot over
dress, panniers, and fur-belows can be put
over this design at the back, by way of
ornament. The bottom of the - legs and
the added pieces should be trimmed with
the same ruffling all around. Now, if this
design be cut in silk or satin, it is clear
that the two legs of-it will show little, un
less the wearer be walking in which case
the unusual freedom and ease of her move
ments will betray the trousers. "As far as
appearance goes, no lady can be shocked
by the difference between the tronser
dress and an ordinary dress at the back,
and the front gore-piece carries out the
resemblance to an ordinary costume when
the wearer is sitting or standing. But
when she walks about the trouser shape is
confessed. -, . . .
-Two- advantages, one of comfort and
the other of adornment, are claimed for
this Parisian discovery. In the first place
the movements of the ladies will be as un
shackled as those of any man in an ujster.
In the second place a dress may be worn
much more tight in the skirt than at pres
ent without any of the - present inconven
iences. Ladies have recently been so pull
back; tied-back - and ' sheathed in tight
skirts that they could scarcely walk. The
trousers-skirt permits them' to dress still
more closely and yet? leaves their ' limbs
free. It is seldom that convenience and
fashion are so adroitly combined in an ar-
licie oi leminine apparei, nuu u vudmu--eration
will induce many sensible ladies to
give the new invention a fair ' 'trialNew
York Star.- ,vnt . ju....-.!
; 5' The heavens declare the -.'glory of
God. but -the Gospel makes known' his
The Demon Star.
'I have been watching the star' called
the Winking Demon,' said the astronomer.
as he extended his hand to pall the report J
er ap on the roof. . ''These aatamn morn
ings are: a little chilly, bnt th air is so
deliciously pure and clear that' one does'nt
miau , ui untjs a tiiuie. .xesiaes, 11 IS
worth the risk of catching . cold to see the
Demon wink. Yon are iust fin time to
watch him as he gradually, opens his eve.
If yon had come a few minutes earlier von
mignt nave seen mm shut it. " r
"Where is this remarkable demon star?'
"There, almost overhead at this hoar.
If you- want to . point him out to your
friends you have only to observe that he
is a little south , of that bending row of
stars that marks the constellation Perseus,
andhat there, s & littlrf group of 'smaller
Stars near him. Nowj yon see, his light
is pretty faint, but not so faint as it was a
few minutes ago. In three or four hours
his eyes will be wide open again, and he
will 6hine as a star of the second magni-
tade. The winkings of Algol, or the De-
little ottener than once in
"What causes them.
"Ah, now you come to the strangest
thing of all. Is there anything in the ap
pearance of the sky, all glittering with
stars, that suggests to your mind that it
may be a vast cemetery?" No, ridiculous!
you say. very well. lou will not dis
pute that the earth we tread is, from point
of view, only a great burying ground.
which contains the Remains not only of
countless generations of men but of whole
races and , tribes of various , animals and
plants. Just so in the heavens above us
the dead are mingled with the living. It
is to my mind the most suggestive discov
ery of modern astronomy that the universe
is full of dead suns suns whose light has
gone out, , whose fires have been extin
guished and , which no longer shed life-giving
and life , preserving rays upon the
worlds that may be imagined yet circling
in coldness and gloom about them. What
has this to do with the winking demon?
Why everything. I believe it is general
ly conceded, though Professor Newcomb
seems to dissent, that the variations in
the light of Algol are caused by some
huge dark body revolving around it at a
frightful rate of speed. There are other
variable stars whose phenomena can be
accounted for in the same way. In the
case of Algol there is evidence that the
dark body is rapidly approaching the star, j
drawing nearer with every circle. When
it sirises, ii it is to stride, wno can picture
. 1 ja . a anr-ia
tne extent ot tnat catastrophe r Then, in
deed, that mysterious dark body will be
come visible, blazing with the light of a
hundred suns, and unable to escape from
the fiery destruction that it has brought
upon the 6tar. - - ; '
"Are there any other dark bodies like
this known to astronomers ?'
"Oh, yes; the great star Sinus is ac
companied by a -huge body of the kind.
It is not altogether dark, for with large
telescopes it can occasionally be seen glim
mering faintly close to the star. Astrono
mers knew it was there before' they got a
glimpse of it, for it caused disturbances in
the proper motion of the star. Another
of these dark bodies which astronomers
are sure exists, is dogging the star Procyon,
one of the brightest in the sky. You may
see the star now low down , in the east.
north of Sinus, and below the Twins. The
invisible body that hovers about it is
evidently of large size, for it causes con
siderable perturbations in the star's motion.
It may once have been a : sun as brilliant
as Procyon itself, but now not a ray comes
from it. btul, astronomers can point out
the changes in its position, as its attrac
tion pulls the star now this way and now
that. , . f . , L , . , ,
: "If space is filled with these mysterious
dark bodies, collisions between them and
the living or light giving suns are not
impossible. You know that our sun is in
rapid motion carrying his family of worlds
So all the
along with him in his night.
stars: are instinct with motion. Our
are so short and their distances are
great that we can hardly appreciate these
wmtistna T?nf V i rr o a anriff- IATTi-knl " AAm-
prehension. Some of the stars are approach-
incr. others receding, all moving in some
directiod. The constellations whose forms
are so laminar to ns are falling to pieces
like card houses. In a few thousand years
there will be no Great Dipper, no Orion
with his Club, no Southern Cross. The
heavens would look like a new universe to
one of us who revisited the earth in the
ten thousandth century. Now, if we sup
pose that there are as many dark or dead
suns as there are living ones it is not diffi
cult to . believe that occasionally - there
might be collisions between them. Of
course the chances against any such col
lision would be very, very great ; and yet
some of the cases of stars that have sud-
rfonW YAht.pA nnt with asinrnshf ncr Trtril-
nancy and then disappeared may be ac
- . - : t
counted for in this way. To show you
that there is no exaggeration in what I
am saying about the multitude of dead
suns in the universe, see what Sir John
Lubbock said in his inaugural address at
the meeting ot the JJntish Association in
"The floor of heaven is not only thick
inlaid with satmes of bright gold, but
studded also with extinct stars, once pro
bably as brilliant as onr own sun, but now
dead and cold as Helmboltz tells us what
our sun will be some 17,000,000 years
"But we need not wander on m space
of thesky's nntombed dead.
right at hand, circling about
our own earth not an instinct , sun, but a
dead world. The moon is dead, and has
been dead these million years. 'There the
astronomer, if he fancies himself v the
world's surgeon, may study the effect of a
maiaav mat no surgery couia cure.
Even worlds and 'suns, like men and wo -
m nAA'.a..' nnirta mark
men grow- old and die: but unlike men
and wpmen, they have no grave but the
open and '. boundless ' heavens." N. Y,
' Strive to win the esteem rather than ex
cite the envy of vonr neighbor by the self
ish dinnlav nf nofMeaRions which VOU know
thev do not possess? and .with which fiyou
yourself would not be blessed but for the
goodness of Hini who lores not, aelfiah-
nesa. .j--i jqi x
St' t .
Art in Manners.
As manners can . only be considered I
from a social point of . view, . conversation 1
will necessarily occupy a prominent trtacei f
and to excel in this art it is essential tof be f
a good listener People are generally more
anxious to speak , than listen., ; They , are,
frequently thinking of what they are go
mg to say rather of what is being said;
and even those who are more i polite men
often fancy it is sufficient, if they seem to I
be attractive; and yet at the same time I
their eyes betray an absent mjnd and
show an impatient desire to continue, their
own train of thought. When listening,
the attention should never be engrossed
by any ideas but those of the speaker,
Auoi.ueriuipon.aui element is ine arc oi i
saying the right word in the right place,' I
i difficulty which seems, insuperable idi
m sin fl.n-l whJ.h ruallv in crrant.t'T thn tv. 1
pears a. nrs. signt. y nen listening to
the cares and troubles of others, . it is
scarcely gracious, and certainly not com
forting, to give a long list of similar griev
ances. Nor is it polite, when a friend is
shown a painting, sculpture or other work
of art, for him instantly to describe a sim
ilar thing, only more valuable, that he has
seen elsewhere, or possibly has in his own
possession. Several instances might be
given of saying the right word in .the
right place; but one is sufficient. For a
host or hostess to introduce subjects with
which they know their triends to De. 1 ami
liar is a delicate attention which may pass
unnoticed at the time, but will have the
good effect of making their guests feel at
their ease, and leave a pleasant recollec
tion, as every one likes to talk upon a sub
ject upon which he can talk well. Good
humor, or the habit of being easily pleas-
eu, is essential io politeness; out. as iuey
are often occasions when annoyances - will
arise, irritation may be concealed by a
little attention to Art in Manners, and
thus the discomfort being felt by others..
UUCCIlUIUCOD TV UXVIl 19 ailVVUCl ICUiOlhC,
enables its fortunate possessor to make the
best of circumstances. A gloomy or mel
ancholy individual never loses his self-con
Manners should be to a man what col
oring is to a picture; nothing clashing or
contrary to good taste, but all beautifully
blended in one harmonious whole. ;' Such
a result eannot be obtained by mere out
ward polish. . Its root lies deeper and
springs from the soil of the heart. As our
bearing towards others is guided and
shaped by the feelings, the cultivating of
chanty greatly helps to tone dawn or
modify any rough or uncouth manners.
Politeness may be a social virtue, but can
only be true and sincere when springing
from refinement of mind. Kindness of heart
will cause its influence to be felt in a gen
tle bearing towards all; and the secret of
Art in Manners may be found by acting
on the principle of making, every one as
happy as lies in our power. Chamber?
Journal. , . '
A Glasgow Factory Boy.
Just above the wharves of Glasgow, on
the banks of the Clyde, there once lived a
factory boy, whom I will call Davie. At
the age of ten he entered a cotton factory
as "piecer." He wa3 employed from six
o'clock in the morning till eight at night. ,
knew that his must be a boyhood of very
hard labor. J5ut then and there, in that
buzzing factory, he resolved that he would
obtain an education, and become an intel
ligent and useful man. With his very first
week's wages he purchased Kuddiman's
Rudiments of Latin. He then entered an
evening school, which met between the
hours oi eight and ten. , lie paid the ex
penses of his instruction out of his own
hard earnings. At the age of sixteen he
could read Virgil and Horace as readily
as the pupils of the English grammer
SChoolS. ?-;; !'.):..'-".! ;-
He next begun a course of self-instruc
tion. He had been advanced in tne facto
ry from "piecer" to the spinning-jenny.
I "e brought his books to the factory, and,
olacing one of them on the "ienny," with
the lesson. open oeiore mm, ne aiviaea ma
attention between the running of the spin-
I dies and the rudiments of knowledge. He
t0 to become a preacher
and missionary, and to devote his Ine m
some self-sacrificing way to the good of
mankind, lie enterea wiasgow universuy.
lie knew that he must work his way; but
he also knew the power of resolution, and
. mi! . i t . :
he was willing to make almost any sacri
fice to gain the end. He worked at cotton
spinning in the summer, lived irugauy.ana
applied nis savings to ms conege 6tuaies in
and . at the close was able to say, with
praiseworthy pride, "I never had a farthing
. . v i . n rwn. 1 , T
tnat x am not earn. luat uuy ww ir.
Nearly all the disagreeable habits which
people take up, come at first from mere
accident, or want of thought. They might
easily be dropped, but they are persisted
in until they become second nature. ' Stop
and think before you allow yourself to
form them. ' There are disagreeable habits
nf wr liVfi iumwlincrj wintine-- twistincr
the mouth, biting' the nails, continually
. i A. .1. ' .1 :i-
picking at something, twirling a key or
fumbling at a chain, drumming with the
fingers, screwing and twisting a chair or
whatever you lay your nanas on. ' uon's
do any ot these things. Learn to sit
auietlv like a gentleman, I was going to
say, but I am afraid even girls fall into
such tricks sometimes. There H are much
urn habita than these! to be sure : but
we are speaking only of these little things
I ae oniy annoying when they are per -
sis tea in. xnere arenaoits oi epeeco, aiso,
such as beginning every speech with yott
see," or .you Know," -now-a," . i aon .
care." "ten ye wnan,
7.. . . .
Yt It. - t.-. t U.1
indistinct utterance., sharp, nasal tones ;
avoid them all. Stop and think what you
1 are eoDS to say. and then let every word
I , - - & .'. -
drop from your lips just as perfect as a
new silver coin. . Have a care, about your
way ot sittiug ana stanaing ana wanting.
Before you know , it ; you will find that
your habits have hardened into a coat of
mail that you' cannot get rid of without
terrible effort., ,-... t . -, , ,
The , Daily1 Falcon, published by the
Falcon Publishing Company, "Prank E.
Vaughn editor, is a new paper published
at Elizabeth city. t;.b- f:un(iyfU'x:
Talfc tto the ClUldren, vmr$:tiK
t Children ? hunger, perpetually for j,new;':
idoas.They will learn with pleasure from the ,
lips of parents what they deem drudgery
to study In books: and even if they have J
the misfortune to be deprived of many 2
educational advantages, they will grownp
intelligent people. We sometimes see par- ,
dts who are the life of every company 1
which "-they enter, dnll, silent and nainter- '
eating at home among their children. v If t
they have not mental activity and mental
stores sufficient for both, let them first use
Irhat bey have for their own households. '
A silent home is a dull place ' for young
people W place from" which they wiUes-
cape if they can How much, useful in! a
lormauon. ana wnat unconscious. vais?y
telJerit mental training, JiyelyiociaJ arifU-.
menfT Cultivate io the"utmdrtthetilH of , .
Anvarulinn t frm'--.'-!9,KSIiI,rj :'-! . .
i Gas Treatment of Whooping Congh..w r
: In the treatment of whooping cough 'in
gas works, as lately resorted to, especially
in London, the purifying chamber consists 1
of a large room with doors and windows 3
freely open, and each contains twenty-four -
vessels, holding. five cubic, meters of;de)
mrating substance lime and sulphate of
ron mixed .with sawdust through which
the gas has to pass. When the workmen
are emptying and refilling these vessels :
the children with the whooping cough, are t
placed aronnd it and inhale , the,( vapors .
which escape; they are in an atmosphere.,
containing ammonium sulphide, carbolic
acid, and tairy products. As to i the 1
efficiency of this treatment one physician j
reports that of 120 cases persevered i with, ,
in twenty there was an entire failure, forty-s
eight showed improvement, and the rest
were cures; it is thought,' however;, that.
it acts only upon one element of the malady
"Ki63 Mb, Mikma." 5'Kiss me, :mami,
ma, before I sleep." How "simple a boon, f
and yet how soothing to the little suppli
ant is that soft, gentle kiss. The little
head sinks contentedly on the pillow, if or -;
all is peace and happiness within.' The;
bright eyes close the irosy lips part in a
sweet smile, for the little heart is reveling'
in the bright and sunny dream of inno
cence. Yes, kiss it, mamma, for that
good-night kiss will linger in its memory;
when the giver , lies mouldering in, the ,
silent grave. The memory .. of a gentle ,
mother's kiss has cheered many a lonely
wanderer's pilgrimage, 'and has beeD the
beacon-light to, illumine, his desolate heart;
for remember life has i many stormy
billow to cross, a rugged path to climb, .
jtuu w &uvw uub wuai id tu stuie iui tun
little one so sweetly slumbering with no'
care or sorrow to disturb its i peaceful
dreams. Anon. .. , , ;t. ..,;,t
ISF 'A man who has treated 40 cases of 4
well defined diphtheria where 140 others'
were exposed to the contagion. "finds the
following, which he sends to the New '
York Tribune as a preventive, and not a?
cure: : ,.;
"I use one drachm of Monsel's salt, or
the sub-sulphate of iron, in eight ounces
cold water, adding plenty of sugar, simply
to overcome the taste of the iron. , Of this
solution I give from two to eight teaspoon-'
each day, according Jo the .proximity
of the disease.'
" Not one of the 140 who took this caught '
the disease. '-. " - v yt
Thb Lovjb that Honobs. Of all . tlje,
love affairs in the world, none can surpass ,
the true love of a big boy for his mother.'
It is a love noble and honorable in 'the
highest degree to both. I do not mean
merely dutiful affection. I mean a lover
which makes a boy gallant and courteous,
to his mother, saying to everybody plain
ly that he is fairly in love with4, her.
Next to the love of her husband; nothing
so crowns a woman's life with honor' as
this second love, this devotion, of the - son
to her. And I never yet knew a boy .to
"turn out bad" who began by falling in'
love with nis mother.
. . .:..
How wonderful is life! How elo
quent is death! Less than two years ago;
this man Arthur was only known as a de-f
capitated office-holder, who lost his place s
now ne is rresiaent oi tne united mate,
I wiin an nis enemies at mm ieei, ana an tne
offices in his hands, His nomination for
Vice President was as the1 death of Gar
field, and his rise to the head of the
government the most, unexpected , ; of
contingencies. After these evolutions all
the other novelties are in order. . , The first
disillusion is the removal of the1 Garfield1
Cabinet. " Mr. Arthur Iwas committed
early to Us retention. But that was wben
he was regarded . by the Republicans as
the inspiring cause of the Guiteaa ballet. '
Never was there a more ' insatiate hate,,
Those who read these lines will never for
ge t how these Republicans ' stlgmati zed
Arthur and his friend, the great Roscoe.
Gniteau was forgotten. He was the hand
but they were the brains. Arthur quailed
before the storm. He felt the Republican
snspicion like a stab. , He fled! before the
I TJonnVilirnn hnnrl lilra a. criminal - TT5
friends insisted that he should not travel
unarmed or alone: and he1, hid before the'
unreasoning wrath of the men who 'had
made Garfield President. - This was the
fact of yesterday. To-day it is all forgot
ten by the Republicans. , The Stalwarts,
are in power at Washington.. The Gar?
I neiu uamnet is gone or going. ; uuueau
is boasting his brutalitt ' in the court, ' in'
suiting the judges, quizzing the lawyers,
1 coquetting with the jury, and making the..
i oi.tui wugujwuuwuiw fii luowur.
J dors and comedians in the gallery join, in
tue buuw iiko tue crowus in b lvumaa nm
phitheatre, watching the gladiators in the
arena. Such is the ghastly sequel of the
election of 1 880! Such the harvest of one "
I campaign of sectional .animosity 1 Phila-
I 7 7 J, BU.V $" 4 ' '
I delphia Press.
WsANTsro thb Bxbt Elbphaot. Bar,
n urn's baby elephant; now nineteen months
old is being weaned' from its mother,'
taken from the elephant : room,' but ( is
chained 'to a stake opposite its mother;
Its diet js crakeTs and mijk, which, fbe
infant seems to like. Hebe didn't make
much trouble, but is melancholy' and
groans a good deal Boston; TVflwscr
'.( i ,