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Home and Democrat.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
.i r u Unmnonii iiAmnnr&t. I
uorresponueuw ui i v- ;i
New York, Dec. 12, 1881.
Editor Home and Democrat : Allow
me to correct an error in yonr print of my
last letter. The walnut, tree which ten.
riintrmao mentioned as carried to Eng
land was sold for twelve hundred and
seventy-five dollars not' twelve dollars
and seventy-five cents. Doubtless it was
first sawed into thin boards, for veneering.
It was carried from Mitchell county, N.
n instead of Madison. Thai was my
Before this letter appears in your paper
I exDect to remove from 1 7 Murray street,
where I have been located for nearly I
twelve vears. to No. 55 Chambers street,
the neat building in the rear of A. T.
Stewart & Co.'s former down-town 6tore,
to which No. please address the Home
and Dkmocbat, and where I shall hope to
hear lrom correspondents, and to see such
Hnntharn friend as maV be Willing tO
favor me with a call whilst in the city
A rise of more than fifty per cent in the
rent in Murrav street is more than I can
Perhaps the most beneficent of the
many public institutions in this city is the
f!nrtnr Union, and it is the gift to the.
city and to the country of one man, Peter
Cooper who is now ninety-one years of
affe. and who was nearly three score and
age, and wno was neariy
ten when he erected the building and
gave it to the city. It is open day and
night for free tuition in arts and sciences,
and literature, and over 3,000 men and
women are annually instructed there by
thirty Professors and assistants. The
nenaes are about $45,000 a year, which is
derived from rents of stores and offices
and halls in the building. Six hundred
of the art pupils are ladies, of whom quite
a number have been and are from North
Carolina. It has a free reading room
which was last year visited by four hun
dred thousand persons. Mr. Uooper is a
native of this city, which he remembers
as having 17,000 inhabitants. Now from
the roof of his building the eye looks over
the habitations of two millions in the city
and its suburbs. He had but little school
ing and was brought up as a mechanic,
working at his trade for the first three
vears at a dollar and a half a day. He is
now not only a rich man. but a man of
unblemished character, of strong sense
and of vast liberality.
Mr. George I. Seney of Brooklyn, who
has given hundreds of thousands of dol-
lars to churches and colleges, mainly in
the South. 1 believe, has just added a
gratuity of $240,000 to a proposed Meth
odist Episcopal Hospital in Brooklyn, the
whole cost of which is to be between
$400,000 and $500,000.
A literary paper says that the demand
tor humorous literature is constantly on
the increase in this country, and as might
naturally be expected, the supply is cor
respondingly increased. "Wit and Wis
dom," one of the brightest of our humorous
weeklies, has been very successful
"Spoopendyke," "The Bad Boy's Diary,"
and "The Blunders of a Bashful Man" are
notable examples, the sales of each hav
ing exceeded a quarter of a million of
copies. ' As a rule books of thi class al
ways run to immense sales, and the pub
usher takes less mk in them than . be
would in a new book from Longfellow or
Huxley. A genuine . wit, : too, can get
from a newspaper more per column for his
matter than any college president. The
same paper says that as a rule we confine
ourselves to business and do not
enough, aud have fewer holidays than any
other people. Perhaps so, and no doubt
young people enjoy what we have and
crave more : but to me a holiday is a sad
But the same paper; says that Tour-
gee'a "oora Errand," which is anything
but humorous, has had a sale of .225,000
copies, which shows that people, at least
Northern people, like slander and sec
tional hate even more than they like fun.
a me saie ot me jjuko ot aunderiana'a
library in London several rare old books
brought fancy prices. The "Odes of
Anacreon" brought $1,105. A copy of
Orlando Furioso, with the autograph of
William Cecil. Queen Elizabeth's Secre
tary, brought $15,000. A work by St.
Angustine, printed in 1475, and having a
painted title page, sold for , $5,000. ' A
liible printed in 1462 brought $8,000:
The library cost originally $150,000, and
that sum was offered for it before the sale
was commenced. It is supposed that
will bring $500,000 at the auction.
x am glad to see that a resolution hag
been introduced in Congress to retire the
irade Dollar and re-coin it into standard
silver dollars. The Trade Dollar has been
a nuisance and a fraud, the government
which has been issuing and stamping it a
dollar, refusing to -receive it as a dollar.
Ana many individuals have behaved as
badly by buying up that kind of silver at
ot 10 vo cents and paying it out to their
employes for a dollar. It is generally
received here, except by the government
and the banks, but all who pass it asveH
A St tllltta xr V. ... 1 .,
-" nuu icucivt h Know mat it is a
swindle. Should the proposition to recoin
prevail, it will at once fall - to its
trinsic value of say 85 to 90 cents. :
The rise of property in Chicago is very
rapid. A lady many times over a jnil-
nonaire told roe a few days ago, that
- uu uougoi a m and building in that
city nve or 81x years ago for $40,000, had
. uuu u,ogq lor it last Summer
and $100 000 a few days ago. She has
noi,soia it. -
"A novel CftBA r( lwr.. 1
w. jr uw occurred in
the village of Manhasset, L. I. Samuel
Smith and his wile, two respectable coi-
a .MM.nti hive been married ten
years and are the parents of six children.
Mrs. Smith has been an invalid for four
m'nntiia nd at last became so lu that her
"r": ' y . ... rshft Wad
ziAarn w a u im kpii ixji a At it -' v
dread of leaving her children
urn u A not be properly cared
had a younger sister whom
her husband to marry
before her death.
Thev entered into a mutual agreement.
that in case Mrs. Smith should die tney
ro.r,i.i Wnmp man and wile. This the
sick woman would not listen to ana iney
' i . s
or or a a. fflw davs aero married. Since the
weddiwr Mrs. Smith No. 1 has so far re-
mfi am. tj h able to eret about, ine
WVVBWM.W ' OP
house, Smith and his two wives are
living happily together under the same
Particulars of the BumiM? of the .Vienna I
Ttflvond doubt 900 gallery tickets had
luon iaanpd One hundred holders oil
these are known to have jumped lrom the
windows. Competent judges fear that
the loss of me win oe iouou w ue muj
even hundred. Nothing has been heard
nt ihA mpmhers of the orchestra, l ne
subscription raised on the bourse now
amounts to 28,000. All the newspapers
have subscription lists. lhe emperor
has criven a large sum. An official ot the
theatre states that it was absolutely im
possible to lower the iron curtain, owing
f-.m .ii ..lit. OTkink Vi
to the lrigniiui rapuiiy
The audience at the theatre was larger
than usual, owing to the fact that the day
was a holiday. The cast consisted ol
actors ?Wtik, Rudolph
and Leindon, and actresses Stahl, Fischer
and Iona. There were about 200 persons
on the stage and in the adjoining dressing
room at the time ot the outbreak of the
fire. The ballet corps were mostly only
half dressed. On the extinction of the
lights all rushed for the stage door, and
many were knocked down and trampled
nnon. but most of them reached the street
wMt.hnnt. serious iniurv. The galleries
were crowded and the pit was fairly filled,
hnt owi hp- to the earaness of the hour
there were only a few persons in the stalls J
and boxes. In the panic the
responsible for the safety of the
neglected to use the means for telegraph-
ing to the hre engine stations, wnicn tney
had at their disposal, lhe auaience were
consequently left for ten minutes strug
gling wildly in the darkness for means ot
The life saving brigade arrived with
ladders, torches and lumping sheets.
Persons saved with the aid of these sheets
iumned from the windows by dozens at a
time, in an hour ana a nan ine wnoie
building was a roaring furnace. The per
sons whose bodies were first recovered
seem to have died mostly from suffoca
tion, but the other bodies present a shock
ins? SDectacle. Many have their feet
The managers of all the theatres
Vienna announce special performances for
the benefit of the sufferers, lhe number
of persons actually reported to be missing
oi persons auiuauv reuurteu iu uo uhboiue
t . lu ; I
is 609. In regard to the origin ot the hre, I
:t .r. . r u:
that the scenerv became ignited as the
lamps were- lit by the electric current.
The London Standard's Vienna dispatch
savs all the performers except three of the
chorus were-saved. Barron Rothschild
has subscribed 10.000 florins to the relief
fund. Among the missing are three pro
fessors and a member of Parliament.
The question of free-trade or tariff j
is threatening to become very important
in the creeds of our great politicar parties.
Both the Democrats and Republicans are
divided on the question, and the South
especially is becoming more and more nn
settled. One lournal goes so far as lo
say, it will be the wedge which will split
asunder the solid South and the solid
North. Years ago, within the memory of
men now living, tree-trade was the bhib-
boleth of the Democratic party. Until
very recently, there has been compara
tively little said about the Subject. But
the Tariff Convention, which was held in
New York last week, made this develop
ment, that a considerable part of the bouth
ia opposed to free-trade, more particularly
.the rice planters and manufacturers; and
that in proportion as the South becomes a
manufacturing community, just in that
proportion' will she oppose free-trade.
Whether it will continue thus, we do not
know, but the future may see some strange
FaYETTEVILLE , AND WlNSTON
Raileoad. During the last session of the
Legislature a charter was granted under
the above name for a railroad from Fay:
etteville via Deep River and High Point
to Winston. We understand the parties
interested in this charter have been at
work very quietly the past summer locat
ing a road through the above - named sec
tion; also to Jut. Airy and the xadkin
Valley. The matter is in , charge of Col.
Farnum, who procured the charter, and
work will commence at once. (Jol. t ar-
num, with a - party of friends from; the
have been over a large portion of the line
the past week, and are now arranging to
commence the work. . . The party arrived
at High Point Friday afternoon from
rayetteville, and lett Saturday morning
for Winston. They are to visit the moun
tain section next week. Ihis party is com
posed of men who understand their busi
ness, and if their plans are carried out in
the mountain section the Fayetteville and
Winston Kail road will be of great impor
tance to the interest ot this btate, especial
ly so to the section through which it passes,
also Fayetteville and its southern and
western connections FayetteviUe Exam
Liectenant Flipper. San Antonio,
lexas, December 9. The arguments ' in
the. Flipper case were delivered to-day,
and the court rendered its verdict, but
what it is will not be known until 'passed
upon by the reviewing authorities. The
question of embezzlement was dwelt upon
at length! by both sides. The defense
claimed that Flipper could not be convict
ed legally under the charges! That aside.
from that he was entirely innocent Of any
Kuuiy loieuiiou or conduct, lenaing 10
i 1 . .. . .-
establish embezzlement. That he had
been careless in his manner of selling com
missaries to the men and to the laundries
on time and in not collecting the money,
uui ne was not aisoonest. mat when ho
discovered his shortage he was afraid to
speak of it because of his peculiar position
in the army, and he was thus led into
making a false statement, hoping to be
auiw to raise ine money to mane his ac
California mines yielded last year $19.-
ouo.uuo, and Colorado $20,000,000.
A little daughter of Mr. John Doyle.
who lives near Riley's X Roads, Wake
county, was btiraed to death on Monday
last. ? ' ' " -- v' '
Moses Bencini was acquitted in Salis
bury of the charge of murder, as it was
proven to the satisfaction of the jury
that he killed the negro in sell de
Goldsboro 'Messenger: The1 Midland
Railway Company has cleared 18 miles,
graded mites anu im cru neo
10 miles between lioiasooro ana omun
field. The Morganton Blade says that Major
James W. Wilson, chief engineer of the
Western North Carolina Kail road, will
celebrate his birthday on the 17th of De
cember by running a train of cars tnrougn
to Paint Rock.
The building boom is still going on in
this place, and workmen and materials in
great demand, for constructing dwellings
and business houses. The tobacco boom
is on the increase, and by the early Spring
will attain huge proportions. btatesviue
Dr. C. Mills has been appointed by Gov.
Jarvis to represent Cabarrus county to
Atlanta. The Supreme Court has re
fused to interfere in the case of Alexander
Morrison, colored, who- was sentenced
to a term in the penitentiary tor steal
ing wheat, at our last court, Concord
Another fire broke out on the cotton
platform at Gaffuey City Sunday evening
and destroyed twenty bales of cotton. Four
hundred bales were on the platform and
would have been destroyed but for a timely
Bhower which began to fall. It is supposed
to have been the work of an incendiary.
Mr. R. A. Brown killed a Poland China
pig, last Monday week, 14 months old,
that weighed 420 pounds. W ho can Deat
that. Francis r isher brought a cotton
stalk in that contains 225 bolls, all of them
opened. VV. C. Coleman is going to take
it to the Colored Fair at Wadesboro.
Lehman Monument. A- very hand
some monument is erecting at the grave
of Col. R. F. Lehman in the Federal Cerae-
tery, to perpetuate the memory of one of
the distinguisneu-orinerners wno rnaue
New Berne his home after the war, and
who, as a citizen, is cherished by our
people for the many excellent qualities
he possessed. Commercial News.
Goldsboro Messenger: Mr. W. J. Best
says he has no idea of relaxing his efforts
to secure the Western North Carolina rail
road because the commissioners have, as
yet, and perhaps may altogether decline
to declare a forfeiture of the contract.
He will transfer the contest to the courts,
and while he admits that there will be de
lay, his friends say thai he is entirely con
fident ol success utimately.
Farmer & Mechanic : A gentleman, who
ought to know, informs us that Col. John
D. Whitford, late President of the New
bern R. R., and the determined opponent
of what may be termed the "Maj. John
Hughes ' party in the Elm City, or perhaps
it might be called the "Anti-Jams ele
...101:1 i. 1.
ment, was summoned to Raleigh last week
, ,' T . . , t T,
by Gov, Jarvis to hold a conference. It
was a few days after W. J. Best's speech
at Pittsboro, wherein be announced that
the failure of Commissioners Jarvis and
Worth "to keep their pledges," had delay
ed, it not frustrated, bis plans tor giving
North Carolina a grand Trunk Line from
ih-i mountains to the sea.
A Good Thing foe Raleigh. We
learn that the University Railroad will be
completed to within two miles of Chapel
Hill by next week, and as soon as so com
pleted. Col. Andrews will put on a tram
to run direct from this point, near Chapel
Hill, to lialeigh, arriving here every morn
ing and returning every evening. A cheap
ticket will be put on, thus enabling the
citizens of Chapel Hill and Orange, also
those of Durham and other points, to come
down to our city every day and remain
here during business hours and return the
same day. Our business men will see the
importance of this, and appreciate what
Col. Andrews is doing for them. Raleigh
The mad dog of Little Israel Sloan,
which left its home on the Cove Gap road,
about four weeks ago, and took the range
of Concord Township and part of Sharpes
burg, biting everything in its way, and
which was killed by - Mr. C. M; Sharpe,
bit, among other objects, a pet sheep of
Mr. J. T. Burgess of Concord. ' 1 Last
Thursday the sheep quit eating and be
gan acting suspiciously. : It chased chick
ens and everything else out of the lot.
I took rocks and chips
into its mouth and
cnewea mem, ana otherwise behaved in
such a manner as to convince Mr. Bur
gess that it was affected with h yd ro
phobia. Friday night it attacked
fence,' butting the ends of the rails,
kept this up all night long, hitting
rails steadily upon the ends, and by
Saturday morning had knocked two o
them out. At that time Mr. Burgess
took his gun and shot it. -An unsuo
cessful burglarious ' attempt was made,
night before last, upon the residence o
Mr. C. S. Tomlin. Statesville landmark.
Shooting Scbape. One day last week
i,d Gilmer, : colored, was passing along
the road near Monroe Isenhour s, when
dog made for him and was driven off with
rocKS. Air. lsennour s sou, who was
ploughing near by, remonstrated with the
negro for throwing the stones. The negro
got mad, leveled his guu at the young
man and filled his face and body full of
shot. Dr. Smith was called and cared for
Mr. Isenhour, and. the report is that be ia
doing well, although some cf the shot that
penetrated his ooay may yet do serious
harm. The negro of course, left for un
known parts. The citizens are much stir
red up about the matter, and are institut
ing vigorous search for him. He had just
been liberated from jail, where he had been
committed for some "cattle mortgage
crookedness. 'Concord Sun.
Conscience Stricken. While old crip-
piea oame vv nice was oui at wort, some
thief tore up the floor of her shanty and
stole $10 'which she had laid up for hard
times.' One can imagine her sorrow when
she found out her loss. A day or two
after this, a pocket book, containing "the
$10, was pushed through a crack and
when old Sallie returned she' found her
lost treasure and is now happy and rejoic
ing. Sallie is the worst cripple in our
town, but by hard work and economy she
saved this money, and the thief, no doubt
felt that he had committed an un pardon
able sin in robbing one so defenceless and
returned it, hoping, perhaps, to mitigate
his heinous crime. He that retnrneth
stolen treasure maketh glal the hear, but
be that returneth it not canseth sorrow in
the land; or words to that effect. Concord
Washington, Dec. 8. -In the' House,
Mr. Robinson of New York, took the floor
to offer a resolution which he desired to
have referred to the committee on post
offices and roads. He was, however, taken
from the floor by Mr. Robeson of New
Jersey, with a motion to adjourn until
Tuesday. Before making that motion,
however, he asked leave to yield to Mr.
Taylor of Ohio, who had a resolution to
offer for the appointment of s; committee
to audit the expenses attendant on the
illness and death of President Gar
field. " - " -s ' ' -
Mr. Hazleton of Wisconsin, objected at
the present time.
Mr. Mills of Texas, then appeared
at the bar ot the House and was, sworn
in. - -
The Speaker announced the appointment
of the following committees :
On the Death of President Garfield
Messrs. McGinley, Pacheco, Belford,
Waytt, JTornev, Dunn, Martin, Davidson
of Florida, Stephens, Cannon, Orth, Kas
son, Anderson, Carlisle, Gibson, Dingley,
McLane, Harris of Massachusetts, llorr,
Dunnell, Hooker, Ford, Valentine,Cassidy,
Hall, Hill of New Jersey, Cox of New
York, Vance, George, O'Neill, Chase,
Aiken, Pettiborne, Mills, Joyce, lncker,
Wilson, and Williams of Wisconsin.
12:20, adjourned I
Washington, Dea 12th. In the Senate,
Mr, Hampton appealed in his seat for the
first time this session.
A communication was .received : from
the Secretary of War, transmitting rer
ports relative to the proposed new build
ing for a pension office 111 Washington.
Referred to the committee on appropria
tions. The ohair submitted a memorial from
a delegation from Minnesota for an ap
propriation for the improvement of the
Mies, river from St. Anthony's Falls to
New Orleans, It states the importance
commercially and in point of revenue and
of the region drained by the Mississippi
and its navigable tributaries which pro
duces ninety per cent, of the corn, 73 per
cent, of the wheat, 83 per cent, of the oats,
64 per cent, of the tobacco, 77 percent, of
the cotton and 60 per cent, of . the value
of live stock of the whole country. Re
ferred to the special committee on Mis
sissippi river improvements.
Bills and petitions were introduced
and referred to appropriate committees,
as follows : .
Messrs. Edmunds and Hampton, peti
tions for the abolition of the tax on bank
Mr. Sawyer, re-establishing the court of
commissioners Alabama claims and
distribution unappropriated balance
Mr. Cameron of Pennsylvania, for relief
of the officers and crew ot the steamer
Montauk. who participated in the action
against the Ram Merrimao in 1862.
Mr. Butler, making appropriation for
continuing the improvement of Charleston
Harbor, also appropriating a portion of the
proceeds of the sale of public lands for
Mr. Morgan, by request, granting the
right of way over the publio lands in Ala-
Dam a, and granting lanas m said state in
aid of the Gulf and Chicago Air Line Rail
, Mr. Pugh submitted a resolution upon
which he said as it was a matter of great
national importance he would ask: for im
mediate action.. It requested the rresi
dent to communicate to the Senate if not
incompatible with public interests, the in
structions sent our minister in Jondon in
regard to the modification of the Clayton-
The resolution was modified at the sug
gestion of Mr. Edmunds, so as to read if
in his opinion not incompatible, etc.,
was agreed to without discussion.
Mr. Hill of Georgia, from the committee
on privileges and elections, reported back
certain memorials from members of the
New York Legislature affecting the right
of the present Senators from that State to
occupy seats in that chamber and asked
that they be tabled and the committee dis
charged from their further consideration.
He stated briefly that the committee . did
not think any one, nor all ot the hve rea
sons alleged by the memorialists as invali
dating the election were sufficient to justify
a farther investigation or did in fact in
validate it. ' V
Mr. Garland asked that the report lie
over under the rule. 00 ordered.
The tariff commission bill was then taken
up and Mr. Garland proceeded to address
Mr. Garland took ground against Mr.
Morrill and in favor of a tariff for re
Mr. Beck of Kentucky, followed Mr.
uariand, taking the same line of . argu
All the bills on this subject were finally
referred to the committee ou finance,
Bills and resolutions were introduced
to-day numbering over 80.
Washington, Dec. 13. In the Senate
Messrs Maxey, Vest, Groome and Ferry
presented a petition .to prevent unjust dis
criminations in railroad charges.
Mr. Ransom submitted a resolution con
stituting a select committee of live : to
inquire and report as to the condition of
the Potomac River in front of the City of
Washington, the navigability of the said
river, the effect of bridges across the same
upon Navigation, floods and health of the
city, and what action ought to be taken
in the premises, with . power to send for
persons and papers, examine witnesses
and employ a clerk and strenographer if
Mr.' Logan, from the oommittee on mili
tary affairs, reported with amendments
the bill to place Gen. Grant on the army
retired list. Placed on the calander.
Mr. Maxey, of the committee, said the
report just made was uot unanimous, and
he would indicate his objections to it at
the proper time.
lhe report of the committee on pnvi
leges and elections on the case of the New
York Senators, was laid on the table, Gar
land saying he saw nothing to - dissent
from. This is regarded as finally dispos
ing of the matter.
In the House Mr. Taylor, of Ohio, of
fered a resolution which was unanimously
adopted for the , appointment of a select
committee of eleven members to audit all
claims for services and expenses growing
out of the illness and burial of the late
President Garfield, also to consider what
allowance, pension or privileges should be
extended to the widow and children of the
late President. . i
Mr. Robertson, of New Jersey, ; offered
a resolution for the appointment . of the
following select committees: On caucus,
on reform in civil service, on the law re-
specting the election of president and vice -
president, on epidemic diseases, on the inter-oceanic
ship canal, on the payment of
pensions, bounty and back pay. '
Under a call of States the following
bills, etc, were introdnced and referred.
Mr. Herodon, of Alabama, a bill for the
settlement of Nicaraguan claims to repeal
the internal rervenoe tax on matches, bank
checks, anutf, cigars, and spirits distilled
from apples and other fruits; also for the.
Detter protection 01 citizens against mvo
lous prosecution.'""" ";:
Mr. bhelIy,-ot Alabama, to equalize
homesteads, also to graduate and reduce
the price of publio lands to actual settlers,
also several other bills amendatory of or
relative to . homestead r and f pre-emption
acts. 1 iUJl J I
Mr. Phelps, of Connecticut, for the ap
pointment of a commission of colored men
to enquire into the . intellectual condition
of the colored people South.
Mr. Stephens, of Georgia, relative, to
the metrio system of weights and meas
nres, also for coinage of the ; "stella" and
the goloid dollar.
Mr. White, of Kentucky, appropriating
ten millions of dollars for educational pur
ses, to be distributed among the States
and Territories in proportion to degree of
illiteracy. ' 5 " ' : 1 '
Mr. JUlis, of Louisana, requesting (he
President to notify the government of
Great Britain of the abrogation of, , the
Mr. Gibson, of Louisiana, reducing tax
on distilled spirits to 50 cents per proof
gallon, also in regard to the immediate
I - 1 . 1 1 1 P
transportation 01 auuaoie gooas, aiso ior
providing that when legal holidays shall
fall on Sunday, the succeeding shall be a
holiday in the District of Columbia.
Mr. King, of .Louisiana, for the appoint
ment of a tariff commission identical with
the "Eaton" bill, also appropriating $10,
000,000, for improvement of the Mississip
pi River in accordance with plans and re
commendations of the Mississippi River
Mr. Ellis's bill for ocean mail service
appropriates $5,000,000 for carrying mails
of the United States on the high seas,
$212,500 to be expended on mail lines be
tween Portland, Me., and Norfolk, Va.,
$2,125,000 between Wilmington, N. C,
and Galveston Texas, and $750,000 on
lines from Pacific ports.
The House then at 4:30 p. m., adjourned
until Friday, when the call will be con
- Various Items. .
A colony ; of five hundred .. Danes . is
another advance in Texan civilization. -'
Bourbon county, Ky., after paying her
indebtedness, has $8,955 63 in bank.
The income of the Indian school at Car
lisle, Pennsylvania, will exceed the expen
ses this year by nearly $200.
Small-pox has been introduced in seve
ral Massachusetts town through the me
dium of paper-makers' rags imported from
infected localities on the Mediterranean
sea. ".. .
Secretary Blaine has been informed .by
cablegram that the wife of j Baron von
Steuben, of Germany, has been presented
with a son, who has been named, in grate
ful honor of the Secretary s attentions
James Blaine Steuben.
Dr. John H. Stevens, Stonewall Jack
son's principal surgeon in the late war,
was found dead in his office - at Dallas,
Texas, last Jbnday. He was a Vir
ginian, but had lived in Dallas since the
Postmaster General James has not for-
gotton his early trade. In the printing
department of the Atlanta Exposition last
week he took up a "stick " and set the
words: "New opportunities teach new
duties Atlanta, November SO."
The lie v. T. Ji.. Aldrich a pastor at
Middletown, Conn., has been arrested for
beating his wife. He has been a success
ful temperance worker, but, it is charged,
usually got drunk alter every sermon, and
Whipped bis wile, when he got home.
The children of the public schools read
in a history ."supplied by the Cdmrinssion
ers, this sentence, attributed to- the New
York Tribune: "Whenever any consider
able section of our Union shall deliberately
resolve to go out, we Bhall resist all coercive
measures to keep them in, , , ,
A few years ago; Tryon Factory, Chat
tanooga county,. thirty, mile from ; Rome j
Ira., commenced ousiness wun $ zzo,uuu.
During the present year it has twice ' de
clared a dividend of 7 percent., and before
the close of the year will declare another
of the same amount. - .. r .
Astonishing fertility is claimed for the
soil of" Colorado."' A" vegetable"' gardener,
who owns twenty acres of land near Uan
on City, is reported by the Denver Jour
nal to have raised 80,000 head of cabbages
ot the largest size upon his small tract.
He shipped the greater I part of this crop
to Kansas Jity, and - estimates his prohls
at over 51 u,uuu. ; - -
A correspondent inquires how the name
of the new Speaker of the House of Rep
resentatives is pronounced. Well, it is
pronounced just as if it were written Kifer.
It is a German name and belongs with the
yerb Keif en' to scold, to chide. But we
are afraid that Mr. Keifers chiding will
not amount to much. '
Florida oranges will soon be .plentiful.
The crop this year is stated to be larger
than ever, and the quality superior. -Non
have been injured by frost. The Palatka
Journal, of October 27, shows that 8,283,
000 are produced in its district alone, and
says : "This is clearly the bearing year for
this section, he , yellow pommes of
Florida may substitute in some degree
the usual supply of apples at the 'North."
A press dispatch says that one of the
most important results of the French visit
at Yorktown has been the formation of
colonization society in New Yprk' for the
purpose of taking up the grape-growing
lands of Virginia and .North Uarohna, and
assisting French emigrants to settle them.
The society will have a capital .of $3,000y
000, over $1,000,000 being subscribed by
the president of the New York and Havre
Before the civil war the export! of pe
can nuts from lndiania, Texas, were re
ported at $100,000; now it is estimated
that the amount annually gathered ex
ceeds $2,000,000 in value. No care, how
ever, has been taken of the trees: in fact
in many localities trees fifty to one hun
dred years old have been cut down to se
cure the nuts. With proper care of the
trees and systematic gathering of the crop
it is believed that. $10,000,000 could be
n l xf
are the most numerous pecan gatherers.
It is said that the number of killed and
wounded in the war 1812 was a little more
than five thousand, yet ater n the lapse of
nearly seventy years twenty-six thousand
widows draw pensions. There ought not
to have been more than five thousand in
the beginning, and by this time the num-
1 ber ought not to have, been as many hun
dred. .No wonder, the pension,, office re
quires one hundred million dollars annual
ly, if pensions for. eoldiera and widows o
soldiers ol the last war are increased in
the same fraudulent manner.
J Comparative Cotton Statement. 'i
The following la ' the cotton statement
for the week ending Deo. 9 : f ; : ;
ISSt. r? 1880;
Net receipts at an United
States port daring the
Total receipts to this date,
Exports for the weelc.
Total exports to this date,
Stock at all U. S. porta,
stock at all interior towns,
Stock at Liverpool,
Stock of American afloat for
- The. Cotton Crop. 1 . ":
Mobilk, Dec 12. The following is the
Cotton Exchange report for the month of
November : ; '-" ' ' V';
' Alabama 56 tetters have been received
rom 39 counties in this state, ine
weather during November' was favorable
for gathering the crop in 30 counties and
unfavorable in,' 9; but it was generally
more favorable than during the same pe
riod last year in all of the counties! In
1 counties 'a - small top-crop has been
made j all the other counties report none.
Picking Has been finished in 28 counties,
and will be. completed in the remaining
1 about the middle of December. The
total yield, as compared with last . year, is
reported as the same in 3, and as 25 per
oent less m 16 01 the more productive
counties, and in the 20 less productive
counties a 27 per ent less. - Little or'mo
damage was done by frost. In 19 of the
more productive counties 67 per cant of
the crop is reported as . having been
marketed, and in the , 20 , less productive
counties 67 per cent.
Mississippi The weather . has been
geuerally favorable for gathering the crop,
more so than last year, A small top crop
is reported. fnvWayno oonnty ; none in the
others. Picking is about finished . in all.
The total yield, as compared with last
year, is estimated at 22 per cent less.
Little or no damage has been done by
frost. About 70 per cent of the crop is
reported as having beeu marketed.
Nfcw Orleans, Dec 12.i The' follow
ing is the Cotton Exchange report for
November: . , ,. .
. : r . ' t
Louisiana The weather daring the
month has been very favorable, compared
with last year, decidedly more favorable.
There is no top crop. Picking is general
ly finished. The yield is 11 per cent less
than last year. 1 -There has been no damage
from frost. Seventy-five per cent of the
crop has been'tnarketed. -k ' -
Arkansas The weather - d uring L the
month has been generally favorable ;
compared with last year more favorable.
Some: counties report a small top crop,
bat it has been destroyed by frost and
worms, irickmg is hnished ; the yield is
40 per cent less than last year ; 65 per
cent of the crop has been marketed.
Memphis, Dec. 12. The regular month
ly cotton report of the Memphis' Cotton
Exchange lor the month ot .November, in
cluding the districts ot North Mississippi,
North Arkansas and West Tennessee,
embraces 76 replies. ' Fifty-eight report
the weather for the month favorable for
picking, and eighteen unfavorable; com
pared with' 1880V 68 report it more favora
ble and 8 about the same ; 62 report no
top crop ; 14 report a top crop but it did
not mature: 58 report that picking is
completed, and 18 report it will be finished
from Dec 5th to Dec 15th. lhe esti
mated yield compared with that of last
year is 49 per cent less. All report frost.
but no damage has been done . Responses
indicate that 70 per cent of the crop has
been marketed. " .' ;:v:; ;
jha.ri.xstoxv a. Dec. 12. The re
port of the . Charleston Cotton Exchange
for November is based npon 54 replies re
ceived lrom 27 counties, of an average
date of Nov 30. All except 11 report the
weather during .November as favorable,
and in comparison with last year . more
favorable for gathering the crop. Forty
three state that top crop has been made,
but some of them say that it matured only
partially. Picking is expected to be fin
ished on Dec. l5th by 14, while 29 report
picking as nearly finished, . and 1 1 as en
tirely completed. lhe total yield, as
compared with last year, is estimated as
the same by 2, as by 3, f by 14, $ by 28
and by 10. ..The frost came too late to
do any damage, except to kill some of the
unmatured top crop. The proportion of
the crop marketed is reported by 2 to be
i, by 6 , by 7 i, by 21 by 18 show
ing that an average ot about J of the yield
has been marketed.
; Galveston, Dec. 12.' The Cotton Ex
change report is as follows: One hundred
and four replies have been received ifrom
seventy-seven counties. Average date,
November 30, forty-four counties report
the weather during November as favor
able, and thirty-three as wet and unfavor-
able, lhe weather has been more lavor-
able for gathering the crop than at the
same time last year in fifty-two counties,
and less favorable in twenty-five Four
teen counties report top crop; twenty-one
some and forty-two none. ' Picking is over
in fifty-four counties, and will be finished
in twenty-three by the 15th of December.
The total yield, as compared with last
year, it is estimated, will average forty per
, mt " . f .. -
cent. less. xniriy-iour counties report
damage by frost, and forty-three report
no damage. Seventy-six per cent, of the
crop has been marketed. ; ; .
: Livereool Cotton CIRCULAR. Liver
pool, Dec. D. This week's circular of the
Cotton Brokers' Association says: Cotton
was arm on t riday and , a good business
was done. The demand has since declin
ed, and with some pressure to sell low
prices have been accepted for American,
and Hast Indian. -American was m lim
ited demand and quotations gradually de
clined -Jd; ordinary from the scarcity was
exceptionally steady at l last week s rate
In sea island a small business was done at
previous rates. Future with "some fluc
tuations have generally shown a declining
tendency, closing3-32aj$d. lower. r--y.
All persons indebted to us by note or account
are reminded that the same are now due. - We
respectfully and earnetilg ask all to come forward
at once and make settlement.
On the atrenrth of vour promise to par we
have contracted debts which we are bound to
meet, it noes sot inereiore seem unreaaooaoie
in us to demand a settlement of you. Call and
1;V SPRINGS & BURWELL.
Nov. 11,1881 . , .
TORRENCE & BAILEY,
College Street, t Chablotts, N C.(
; Commission Ilercnants,' j .1
Handle Grain. Flour, Bran, &c Cotton stored
and sold. , :-: ' . "
Oct 7, 188lJ- '-' -!m. - J- -' '
-i id. Vf.'j
iSr" For Retail Trade,, to which, we
pay special attention, we buy the best goods; lo
De IOUOu. .
WILSON ft BURWELL.
Sept 30, 181. Druggists.
Gen. Daniel E. Sickles has a griev
nca ; against tha fnK..n n i- v.
- , - mmvmu VIS01l!Ufc
nnmrHtno f V.ib Vl tm i
r , A UI - iuouga ne was
absent in Europe for more than three
mnnth and ttia hnma . i
. 1 was uiuwu, wiiu me
MAM alt aWa U - . , '
uu uu b luo metre, ne was presented
k m Kill r.- t trr f... m '
urn iui lees 01 gas per month,
com nan v tVi reafun tn . u .
1 j w-.w .wuiwi q lueiro
unless the bill is paid, and he has applied
or an injunction.
The making of bapfrUia Ania i -
gular business, savs a New York oftWv
in 1L They necessarily work in secret.
and, as they must i use the best of stock
and prodace; perfect work: Itha. tools are
quite expensive. Adecent fit will cost $1,-
000, and an outfit for a big job three times
m iuuu.- xu utbii iu vuot bu k reat vn a i
.he thievea cannot alwava own their innla
and a buaioesa has erown on of renting
hem when wanted. orenrallv . fn
pf the plunder, the owner in moat caana
being either the maker .or th'ffence.'
SoyTU.CAKQUKA JuPQES. Ac The
election by the - Lesislature of Circuit
udges, resulted as follows : - ' .
First Circuit. Hon. B. C. Presley.
Second Ct,Hon. A. P. Aldrich. -.
Third Cu Hon. T. a Fraeer.
Fourth Ct.IIon. J. H. Hudson. '
Fifth Ct, Hon. J. B. Kershaw.
Sixth Ct. Hon. L D. Witherspoon.
Seventh Ct. Hon. W. H. jWallace.
Eighth CC Hon. J. It Cotbran.
Hon.- Samhel McOowan- -waa r-1prf (
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.
i xion. A. r. Butler, was re-elected Com
missioner of . Agriculture ;' and Hon. W. 1
D. Johnson and Hon. A. S. J ' Perro wnm
elected members of the Board of Agricul-.
Hon. D. F. Bradley and HortC SLMc-
Call were elected members of thi Board of
Directors of the Penitentiary, ; prr "t J
Hon. , J ames t . , izlar and CoL : J., W. :
MoMaster, were elected members . of the
Board of Trustees of 'the university of 5
South Carolina. 1 -
Sale of City Property.
We will sell at the Court Bouse in Charlotte
on Monday the 2d day of January, 1883, at IS
ML. that Lot on Tryon Street, lying between tbe
Jroperty of Jaa. Harty and the resldenca of Mrs.'
no. M. 8priDga. It will be sold ia four parcel,
two fronting on Tryon street, each 33x188 feet,
and two fronting on Church Street also 33x198
feet Un one ortne lots is a brick two-atory
bouse, and oa- another the twooden bou e now
occupied by Mr. Holt ' '
This gale w made, under an order 'of the Su
perior Court and will be subject to confirmation.
' Terms 10 per cent cash, balance in 6 and 13
months, with interest from day of sale. ; For any
information aa to the title, &c, apply to Jas.
Harty or the undersigned.
H. C. JONES.
Nov. 25, 1881. " w
In consequence of the "Hard Times" we are
offering astonishingly LOW PRICES, on our en
tire line of
Winter Goods. : ' r'
We have an clesant stock of FLANNELS.
REPELLANTS, LINSEYS, JEANS, KER-
bxCxSa, Uasaimerea, blankets, Shawls, Cloaks.
Boulevard Skirts, Boots and Phoes, Hats, Trunks,1
Ready Made Clothing.
It will pay you to give us a call.
i Good calicoes at 0 14 Cents cash.
Sixteen Rib Umbrellas, a good article. Come
and see us. J .
, ; ... BARRINGER TROTTER.
Nov. 25, 1881. , .
Administrator's Notice. ,
Having qualified as Administrator 'of Mrs.
Elizabeth McMillan, deceased, I hereby notify
all persons indebted to her .Estate to come for
ward and make settlement, and those having
Claims against said Estate must present them,
properly aumenucatea, to the undersigned with
in 12 months from date, or this notice will he
pleaded in bar of their recovery.
O. K. CUNNINGHAM,
Nov. 18, 1881. 6wpd Adm'r.
Housekeepers take Notice.
The finest assortment of first 'class Fancy Gro
ceries in Charlotte, among which are many arti
cles new for this market, nave Just been received
at . . ' ; :t ' - A
March 18, 1881. iT. ...... PERSY'S.
E. J. HALE & SON,
; PUBLISHERS, :
Booksellers and Stationers,
55 Chambers iStreet,sTl$m YORK.
Invite orders for School, Miscellaneous and Stan
dard Books, and for all kinds of Staple Station
err, r ...
WRITING PAPERS Cap, Letter Note and
BLANK BOOKS, of all Grades.
ENVELOPES, all sizes and colors and quali-
SU11UUL. BL.ATKB, best quality, all slaes.
Slate and Lead Pencils, Pens, Inks. Mucilage.
Feb 18, ISSr. E. J. HALE & SON.
Send for Photographs and Prices.
I sell as cheap as any Furniture House in the
BUte. . ... ;,, .
My store is 145 feet long on the first floor and
140 feet on second story. I carry an
Immense Stock of Furniture.
I also keen Baby Carriages. Mattresses, Pic
tures, Mouldings, Frames, Window Shades, Cor
nices and Mirrors. : . : .., i . ..
Also, a full line of Coffins and Caskets.
Thos. W. Andrews, formerly with Mr. Nichols.
is with me. - . 4$ , xrr
. :. .1 .i .! s ii . . .
: t& Come and see us at the White Front
, r V , E. M. ANDREWS,
Successor toE. G. Rogers,
; Oct 28, 1881. Trade St, Charlotte, N. C.
JAS. P. IRWIN,
At'thk old Posx-offick Stand,
Near the Court House,
Offers to the public, at lowest prices, a fine stock of
Staple and Fancy Groceries.
Including various grades of Flour, Sugar and Mo
lasses, Corn Meal, Bacon and Hams. A fine selec
tion of Teas, Coffees and Spices.
Choice Soda Biscuits and Family . Crackers.
, Canned Goods, Jellies, Pickles, &c, &e.
Chewing and Smoking Tobaccos and Cigars.
J ust received, finest quality of OatmeaL Also,
10 pound Kits of best MackereL
Also, Bran, Mill Feed, Corn and Peas always on
hand. ' ,
. Johnston's Beady Prepared Kal-
aomine, the best article of the kind now in use.
WILSON & BURWELL, Agents.
25,000 lbs, Wheat Bran Just received at ,
, ' " . , " J. MCLAUGHLIN'S.
Nov. 18, 1881. . ; .
1' n ; Cotton Buyer,
Coraer Trade itad College Stt, up Stairs.
U :, CHARLOTTE, N. C. .
' Oct 14, 1881.