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OLD SERIES : VOLUME XXX.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, FRIDAY, JANUARY 6,1882.
VOLUME XL NUMBER 557
if ffiSTw flM 1 1 'fl
I I I 1 1 V lllllllllilllllllll Jill Villi. Ill
Charlotte Home and Democrat,
Published every Friday by
J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor,
Terms Two Dollars for one year.
One Dollar for six months.
Subscription price due in advance.
"Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte. N.
C, as second class matter," according to the
rules of the P. O. Department. .
ROBERT GIBBON, M. D ,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
(Office corner 5th and Tryon Streets)
Tenders his professional services to the public,
as a practical Surgeon. Will advise, treat or
operate in all the different departments of Sur
gery. March 5, 1881. ly
Dr. JOHN H. McADEN,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Has on hand a large and well selected stock of
PURE DRUGS, Chemicals, Palent Medicines,
Family Medicines, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye
Stuffs, Fancy and Toilet Articles, which he is de
termined to sell at the very lowest prices.
Jan 1. 1879.
DR. T. C. SMITH,
Druggist and Pharmacist,
Keeps a full line of Pure Drugs and Chemicals,
White Lead and Colors, Machine and Tanners'
Oils, Patent Medicines, Garden seeds, and every
thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he
will sell at low prices.
March 28, 1879.
J. P. McCombs, M. D ,
Offers his professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
both night and day, promptly attended to.
Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite
the Charlotte Hotel.
Jan. 1, 1873.
JOHN E. BROWN,
Attorney at Law,
Charlotte, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts.
Office on Trade Street, opposite the Court
House, No. 1, Sims & Dowd's building.
Dec 23, 1881 y
DR. M. A. BLAND,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
Feb 15,1878. :
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE' N, C.
Practice Limi t e d "to t h e
EYE', EAR AND THROAT.
A. burwell. p. d. walker.
BUR WELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
. CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts,
., Office adjoining Court House.
Nov 5, 1880.
WILSON & B UR WE L L,
wholesale and retail
Trade Street, Charlotte, N. C,
Have a large and complete Stock of everything
pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they
invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale
Oct 7, 1880.
HALES & FARRIOR,
Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers,
Charlotte, N. C,
Keeps a full stock of handsome Jewelry, and
Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair
Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c,
done promptly, and satisfaction assured.
Store next to Springs' corner building.
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Grocers and Provision Dealers,
Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses,
Syrups, Mackerel, Soaps, Starch, Meat, Lard,
Hams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c, which we
oner to both the Wholesale and Kstail trade. All
are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar
Jan 17, 1880. -
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Groceries, Provisions, &c,
College Street, Charlotte, N. C.
Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash,
and buys Country Produce at
highest market price.
tW Cotton and other country Produce sold on
commission and prompt returns made. . .
Nov. 1,1881. ,
Cotton Buyer and General Commission Merchant
In Sanders & Blackwood's Building,
North College St , Charlotte, N. C,
March 26, 1881.
W. A. TRUSLOW,
Jeweler and Watch Repairer,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Respectfully announces that, having succeeded
is. j. Alien, in the w atcn ana jew iry Dusiness
he has just added to his stock of
Watches, Jewelry, Silverware,
CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &c .
And he hopes by close attention to business and
fair dealing to merit a share of patronage.
S3F" Fifteen years constant experience in the
WATCH REPAIRING Department enables
him to fully warrant every Watch entrusted to
Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street,
near the Square.
Oct. 7. 1881. 6m
Housekeepers take Notice.
The finest assortment of first class Fancy Gro
ceries in Charlotte, among which are many arti
cles new for thi3 market, have just been received
March 18, 1881. PERRY'S.
Central Hotel Barber Shop.
GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen
tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonsorial Art in its
various branches. He and his assistant Artists
are so well known for their skill that it needs no
multiplicity of words to inform the public where
beards can be shaved smoothly and hair cut and
dressed in fashionable style and "with dispatch."
Give him a trial. GREY TOOLE.
July 29, 1881. Under Central Hotel.
Within each heart there lies apart
From all its cares and sorrows,
A paradise which knows no sighs,
A world of happy morrows ;
A heaven of light unknown to blight
Of winter bleak and dreary,
Whose days are long and sweet with song,
Whose hour 8 are never weary.
What matter though earth's pathways glow
No more with springtime gladness t
What if each June has flown too soon
And left a look of sadness ?
No real love so true will prove,
No tones one-half so tender,
No lips so pure as those which lure
The soul to visioned splendor.
ISif Miss Leonora Horn, of Peru, Neb.,
has a head of bair sixty-eight inches in
length. She baa refused $500 for the
treasure. ..- -
1,200 Acres of Valuable Lands.
By virtue of a decree of the Superior Court of
the county of Mecklenburg, we will'sell at Pub
lic Auction, at the Court House door in the city
of Charlotte, on Monday the 16th day of January,
lootf, tue Lanas wnicn were owned by the late
Mary M. Wallace.
The Home Place, 4 miles from the citv of
Charlotte on the Lawyers road, contains 408
acres, wiih a large Brick Dwelling House, good
Barns and other improvements.
rlhe Allen Place contains 267 acres, is 4 miles
from the city, adjoins the Home Place, and lies
between tne JLawyers road and the Monroe road.
lhe Wynens Place, on the Potter road, con
tains 133 acres, adjoins the Home Place and is
about the same distance from the City.
The Wilson Place, on the Lawyers road, 6 miles
from Charlotte, contains 822 acres.
The Brumley Place, on Reedv Creek. 7 miles
from Charlotte, contains 97) acres.
We will also sell a valuable Gold Mine, in
Union county, near Matthews', known as the
Henry Phifer Mine;
lhe llome tract, the Allen tract, and the Wil
son tract, each, will first be offerjed in lots and
then as a whole.
This sale is made subject to the ratification and
approval of the Court. ?
Terms One tenth cash: balance in two eoua
installments at one and two years, with security
and interest from date.
Deeds and Plats can be seen at the Law office of
OSBORNE & MAXWELL,
Charlotte, N. C.
Parties desirina: to examine the property will
apply to S. H. Farrow, at the Brick House Place.
JOHN R. MORRIS,
W. C. MAXWELL,
Dec 2, 1881. tda . , , . Commissioners.
Trees for Delivery.
My trees are now ready for delivery, opposite
Mr. Allen Crnse's residence, C 'Tryon street, be
tween 5th and 6th. A fine lot of Trees, Plants.
Flowers and Flower Seed on hand. Any thine:
in my line furnished on short notice..
, T. W. SPARROW,
Dec 9, 1881. ' Charlotte, N. C.
Har graves & Wilhelm.
Our Fall Stock is now complete, and the hand
somest and cheapest ever offered in this market.
It embraces a full line of Silks, Satins and Surahs,
in all shades and qualities. '
Our Stock of Dress Goods and Dress Trim
mings is me most varied ana attractive ever
seen in this city.
Ulsters. WalkiDg Jackets, and Children's Cloaks,
in all qualities and shades.
shawls, Balmorals. Repel 1 ants, Cloakmgs, Oil
Cretonnes, Worsted Fringes, to match. Velvets,
Velveteens, Plush, &c.
A complete line of Flannels, Cassimeres, Da
masks and Towels
A large assortment of Ladies' and Gents' Neck
wear. . We have an immense stock of
Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing,
That we are selling; at extremely low prices.
All we ask the public and our patrons is to give
our stock a careful inspection. Ihey will find
the greatest variety and cheapest stock of Goods
ever shown in this place.
We will save you money by calling to see us.
All-wool Plain Black Bunting at 15 cents.
HARGRAVES & WILHELM.
Sept 30, 1881.
We are now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock
Containing all the latest styles and qualities of
Ladies', Misses and Children's
Hats and Bonnets.
Also, all the novelties for trimming : Feathers,
Flowers, Ribbons, Silk, Flashes, Satins, Orna
Also, our usual large and attractive stock of
White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Neck Wear,
Gloves and Hosiery, Corsets, bbawls (Jloaks,
Skirts, &c. Another large stock of Ladies Mus
lin Underwear just received, that we are offering
at very low prices.
Oct. 14, 1881. MRS. P. QUERY.
TIDDY'S CITY BOOK
A well selected Stock of
Including Note, Letter, Sermon, Legal and Fools
cap, which they propose to sell cheap for cash.
Also, French Paper of every description with
Envelopes to match.
Also, Paper in boxes, to suit the most fastidious.
SOCIAL ETIQUETTE OF NEW YORK.
A standard treatise upon the laws of good society
in New York.
CONGRESS TIE ENVELOPES a new lot
Edward Todd & Co.'s Celebrated
A Pen by some considered superior to a Gold Pen.
TIDDY & BRO. are also Agents forEmer
san's celebrated Rubber HAND-STAMPS; and
any orders given them wjll receive prompt atten
tion. Cash paid for Rags.
A. A. GASTON,
And Hoose Furnishing Goods,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
He keeps the largest stock of Stoves and Tin
Ware ever offered in this market. $100 reward
will be paid to any party that ever sold a larger
or heavier Stove than the "Barley Sheaf." I have
sold the "Barley Sheaf" for eleven years.
Call at my Store under Central Hotel building,
and examine my stock.
tSF" Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware manufactured
to order, and all Repairing promptly executed.
Feb 1,1881. " A. A. GASTON.
Registration of Deeds.
We wish to urge upon our readers, or
at least those who own land, the import
ance of having their deeds registered, a
matter that but few seem to appreciate.
By the laws of North Carolina (see Bat
tle's Revisal, chap. 35, sec. 1,) "no con
veyance of land shall be good and availa
ble in law, unless the same shall be ac
knowledged by the grantor, or proved on
oath by one or more witnesses in the man
ner hereinafter directed, and registered
in the county where the land shall lie,
within two years after the date of the
said deed." But every legislature ex
tends this time for another two years, so
that practically the last clause of the
above quoted section is inoperative, and a
deed may be registered at anv time.
Still it must be registered before it is
"good and available in law," and we must
express our disapprobation of every Legis
lature extending the time within which
deeds may be registered. It makes our
people too careless about the titles to
their land, creates litigation, and optus
too wide a door for fraud. Every man's
deeds ought to be recorded in the Regis
ter's office for his own protection and for
the protection of those who may purchase
from him. For his own protection, be
cause they are not "good and available in
law" until they are registered, and if lost
or destroyed before registration (as is fre
quently the case) he may be put to much
trouble and expense. And for the pro
tection of purchasers, because unless the
deeds are registered how can a purchaser
trace out the title or know that he is ob
taining a valid title? If all deeds were
registered a purchaser could very easily
ascertain whether he would acquire a
good title, but as the Liw stands he cau-
not. A prudent purchaser may now
thoroughly examine the books of the
Register's office in any county in North
Carolina, satisfy himself that the title is
good because he there finds a deed duly
recorded in the name of the vendor and
no deed purporting to have been executed
by the vendor, and yet the vendor had
sometime previously made a deed to an
other person who has not had it recorded.
This uncertainty about titles is calculated
to repel the investment of capital in this
State and indeed does repel it. An in
stance of this has recently occurred. A
large number of thrifty Germans had ne
gotiated for and .agreed upon the pur
chase of a large body of land iu Hender
son county, but upon close examination
the title was found defective because cer
tain deedshad not been ' registered and
could not be found, and so they gave up
their trade and are probably lost to our
State. We have heard of other - similar
cases. Ve hope that no future Legisla
ture will lollow this pernicious practice of
their predecessors in extending the time
for registration of deeds, but require
every deed to be promptly recorded.
Pittsboro Record. ?
English Speaking Mkx. At the pres
ent time this race numbers rising 100,000,
000. Outside of the Chinese, they are the
largest body of men speaking a common
language. They rule in all the conti
nents. Two continents that of North
America and the island continent of Aus
tralia are absolutely dominated by
them. They are in possession of the
southern part of the continent of
Africa. They own groups of islands and
strategic positions in all parts of the globe.
Two hundred millions are subject to them
Peas and Pea Meal.
The very best food for horses and cows. For
CONFECTIONERIES, GROCERIES, &c.
Cakes and Bread.
C. S. HOLTON, at the Rising; Sun Store, oppo
site the Old Market, still keeps a large assortment
of Confectioneries, &c, and a good selection of
choice Family Groceries all of the freshest and
Bread and Cakes.
His Bread is considered superior by all who use
it, and his assortment of Cakes is fine.
I3P Wedding Cakes and Cakes for Parties pre
pared in the best style at short notice.
Give me a trial when you need anything in my
C. S. HOLTON.
Jan. 14, 1881.
Lumber ! Lumber ! !
LUMBER ! ! !
I am prepared to furnish Lumber to persons
desiring the same in any quantity.
I have Steam and Water Mills, and can saw
Lumber or Giind Grain at any time.
Address, Dr. I. J. Sloan, Charlotte, N. C.
I. J. SLOAN.
Dec. 2, 1881. 3mpd
Everybody wants it, but very few get it, be
cause most people do not know how to select
coffee, or it is spoiled in the roasting or making.
To obviate these difficulties has been our study.
Thurber's package Coffees are selected by an ex
pert who understands the art of blending various
flavors. They are roasted in the most perfect
manner (it is impossible to roasc well in small
quantities,) then put in pound packages (in the
bean, not ground,) bearing our signature as a
guarantee of genuineness, and each package con
tains the Thurber recipe for making good Coffee.
We pack two kinds, Thurber's "No. 34," strong
and pungent, Thurber's "No. 41," mild and rich.
One or the other will suit every taste. They
have the three great points, good quality, honest
quantity, reasonable price. Ask your Grocer for
Thurber's roasted Coffee in pound packages, "No.
34" or "No. 41." Do not be put off with any
other kind your own palate will tell ycu what
Where persons desire it we also furnish the
'Ideal" Coffee-pot, the simplest, best and cheap
est coffee-pot in existence. Grocers who sell our
Coffee keep them. Ask for descriptive circular. .
Respectfully, &c ,
H. K. & F. B. THURBER & CO.,
Importers, Wholesale Grocers and Coffee Roast
ers, New York.
P. 8. As the largest dealers in food products
in the world, we consider it our interest to manu
facture only pure and wholesome goods and
pack them in a tidy and satisfactory manner.
All goods bearing our name are guaranteed to be
of superior quality, pure and wholesome, and deal
ers are authorized to refund the purchase price
In any case where customers have cause for dis
satisfaction. It is therefore to the interest of
both dealers and consumers to use Thurber's
Dec. 16, 1881. 5w
Internal Revenue in North Carolina.
We have received a copy of the annual
report of Commissioner Raum, the presid
ing genius of the Internal Revenue Bureau.
His report contains many details of interest
to North Carolinians, for we are contri
buting somewhat to those revenues of the
government which are collected through
this bureau. Among his recommendations
is one providing for the payment of pen
sions to disabled revenuers,and the widows
and families of those who may be killed in
their encounters with the moonshiners.
We have pensions enough to pay now
without entailing additional burdens of
that kind upon the people.
Mr. Raum devotes considerable space
to the discussion of civil service reform.
No one ought to have a greater familiarity
with the dark side of the civil service and
its abuses, and therefore Mr. Raum does
not surprise us when he indulges in round
ed periods on fixture of tenure, and the
theories relating to the matter. So far as
the internal revenue service is concerned,
we favor a very easy and speedy mode of
reforming it abolish it. Some of the de
tails found in his report supply ample rea
sons for this CsDsarean operation.
We will confine our attention particu
larly to the 6th collection district of North
Carolina. The report for the fiscal year
euding June 3, 1878, shows that there
were then in all of North Carolina but
ninety-seven registered distilleries usiner
grain, and 1,483 fruit distilleries. The
ninety-seven grain distilleries used 55,518
bushels of grain, those of the 6th district
using more than one half 34,551 bushels.
Wo may take it, therefore, that there were
about sixty distilleries in that district in
1878; The amount collected was $253,
874, while the pay or cost of collection
was $2 1,785. That was the situation three
years ago. For the last fiscal year Commis
sioner liaum paid out in that district to
collectors $48,417 ; per diem to storekeep
ers and gaugers $211,437, and for their
traveling expenses $8,470; in all $268,324,
as agaiust $21,785 three years ago. The
collections in the meantime had risen to
$499,455. In three years the collections
had iucreased $245,5S1, and the expenses
had iucreased $246,539. For every addi
tional dollar collected it cost the
ruent a dollar to collect it !
Besides this, Dr. Mott was allowed
$3,0il as expenditures to detect frauds.
The number of bushels of grain used in the
State had risen to 280,000, of which 206,
877 were used in the sixth district. In
that district there were 298 distilleries in
operation, of which 286 did not exceed the
capacity, of five bushels of grain a day,
and the others did not use ten bushels a
day.: From these figures it is very apparent
howl the thiug is done. Large distilleries
pay potter than small ones, but only the
Bmalltrnt kioJ ave pat. up in the sixth dis
trict. Therris.4a regular combination,
doubtless with tb$ concurrence of Com
missioner Raum, to )Jit up the distilleries
intoVmail ones, each distillery being al
lowed a storekeeper at $3 per day, paid
by the government. So that where three
years ago oue man had a distillery of fair
capacity, to day he has several of smaller
capacity, side by side, each provided with
a storekeeper, paid by the government,
who divides his money between the Re
publican party and tho distiller, and who
combines with the distiller to defraud the
government. This is said to be the solu
tion of the matter. It is a regular system
of fraud from beginning to end, corrupting
the morals of the people and leading them
to think there is no harm in cheating the
government. Such is the view taken of
it by those familiar with the matter.
Mr. Raum winks at it because it pre
vides places for hundreds of men who are
thus bribed to become supporters of his
party by the paltry place of gauger oi'
storekeeper. It gives him an opportunity
to put a quarter ot a million ot dollars in
election years where it will do the most
erood. And he does it. And while doingr
it he prates about civil service reform
iust, as we suppose, Brady talked about
an honest administration ot postal attairs
while expediting star routes and aiding in
robbing the government of millions of dol
In the second district there are three
stills; in the fourth fifteen, and iu the fifth,
one hundred and thirtv-one: of which
eighty-seven have a capacity not exceed
ing five bushels of grain per day.
In the sixth district there was not a
single person arrested last year for illicit
distillincr. In the fifth district the cost of
collecting in 1878 was $18,700. and last
year $106,000, of which $SO,000 was paid
to gaugers and storekeepers.
The tax on tobacco in its various forms
yielded, last year, $41,106,546.92. There
were manufactured 161,000,000 of pounds
of tobacco and snuff, and 3,300,000,000 of
cigars and cigarettes. There are 15,000
manufacturers and 400,000 dealers in to
bacco. One hundred aud forty-five mil
lions of pounds of leaf were manufactured
into tobacco and snuff, and 61,000,000 of
pounds were made into cigars and ciga
rettes ; of the latter 6,000,000 of pounds
were imported, leaving the total domestic
leaf used 200,000,000 of pounds. There
were exported 227,000,000 of pounds, mak
ing the total crop about 425.000,000 of
There are twenty-seven States in which
tobacco is manufactured, and forty-four in
which cigars aud cigarettes are made.
The quantity of leaf used in manufac
turing was 145,911,385 pounds, scraps
6,280,333, stems 3,0S0,249, making a total
of 155,27, 1,967 pounds. This was manu
factured as lollows : Into plug 89,806,795
pounds, tine-cut chewing 17,362,174
pounds, smoking 35,283,301 pounds, snuff
3.977.121 pounds, making a total manu
factured ot 146,429,391 pounds. Leaf used
in cigars and cigarettes, 61,389,178 pounds,
making 2,519,582,149 cigars and 534,082,
196 cigarettes. There are twenty-seven
cities and towns in which 1,000,000 pounds
and upwards are manufactured, and ninety-
five cities and towns in which 2,000,000
and upwards cigars and cigarettes are
made. The aggregate quantity of leaf
used is 207,300,563 pounds, and including
scrap and stems is 216,661,145
North Carolina stands second in the
manufacture of smoking tobacco,and fourth
in plug. Of smoking she makes 4,379,565
pounds, and plug 6,405,585 pounds. The
stems are mainly used in smoking tobacco,
and as onlv 89.438 pounds are. used in
North Carolina, it is reasonable to sup
pose that it is much purer than any
Maryland used 970,735 pounds of stems
and Illinois, Missouri, New Jersey, Ohio
and Wisconsin each used more than North
Carolina, so that it seems that for the
purest smoking tobacco North Carolina
stands at the head.
Winston takes the lead in the State on
the manufacture of plug; and Winston,
I 1 . . .. K 1 11... ' 1 1 . 1 . I
Durham and Reidsville each consume over
1,000,000 pounds leaf. Durham takes the
lead of any city or town in the United
States in manufacturing smoking tobacco,
and registers 4,189,937 pounds.
W. T. Blackwell & Co., of Durham, are
the largest manufacturers of smoking to
bacco in the United States, and Lorrillard
& Co., of Jersey City, are the largest man-
ufacturers of plug.
addition to the
manufactured in Durham, there were
2,347,206 cigarettes made and reported
by W. T. Blackwell & Co. North Caro
lina and Virginia raise the lightest and
best tobacco lor smokers raised in the
n. In the West the plant is larger
ot gross or coarse texture, with large
uf amd an3 i a Kitf oi onit M
oi, cn .o .1 DUticu iui piug auu
uue-i:ub uuevwug. xveiiiucsy proauces
what is known as "black fat." which has
very large black leaf with a peculiar
flavor. Large quantities of this are ship
North Carolina raises,according to Col.
Cameron's estimate, about 50.000.000 of
pounds of tobacco, and. according to the
census estimate, about 30,000,000. Strik
ing an average, we put it at 40,000,000,
for which she realizes about ten cents a
pound, or $4,000,000. That is what her
tobacco planters get for their crop, while
the government gets, in the way of taxes,
about $6,000,000 from it. Our manufac
turers make about seven cents a pound.
They use less than 15,000,000 of pounds
of leal, stems, scraps, fcc, 292,000 pounds
of licorice, 1S1,000 pounds of sugar, and
180,000 pounds of other material. Their
product i-t 13,000,000 of pounds, on which
they make less than $1,000,000 profit.
The leaf tobacco brings into the farmers
about $1,500,000, and to the government,
in the way of taxes, $2,400,000, or just
about as much as the tobacco is worth
with the profit of the manufacturer added.
The smartest man I've met in Iowa is a
farmer near Fort Dodge. His name is
Bill Uuggles. He lias a 4UU-acre farm, a
splendid dairy, a coal mine under his farm I
and a fine belt of hard timber within
sight of his house.
When I went into Mr., Ruggles's large
tiog room I noticed a very large stove.
It was the shape of a parallelopipedon-1-about
four feet long, three feet high, and
ther same broad. It heated.. the sitting
room and hall very nicely.
"1 see you burn wood, Mr. Kuggles, I
remarked, as I held my hands to warm
No, sir; I can't afford to burn wood.
It's too much work to cut it."
"Then coal, I suppose," I continued.
"No, sir; too much work to dig coal.
I'm burning something that beats coal or
wood cheaper than either of them,
though I have both coal and wood on the
"Well, what can you burn cheaper than
wood or coal?" I asked, desiring to solve
"Why, I burn corn stalks, sir. Corn
stalks are the cheapest aud best fuel on
earth. It is ten times as easy to gather
corn stalks and tie them into bundles as
it is to cut down those trees. Why, I can
go into the corn field with two men, and
in a day bundle up corn stalks enough to
warm my house all winter."
"Let me see you put some corn stalks
into the stove," I said. - !
Mr. Ruggles stepped to the door and
brought in a bundle of corn stalks about
three feet through. They were bound
tightly together. The bundle weighed
about forty pounds. Then, lifting the
top of the stove, he laid them in upon the
embers, and closed up the Iront damper.
"How long will they burn?" I asked.
"Three hours. I don't let them burn
with a flame. My stove closes air-tight
1 let them burn slowly without flame. I
get all the heat there is in them. The
stove is large, with an immense radiating
surface. It uoesn t have to be very hot
'VNow," said Mr. Ruggles, "five such
bundles a day keep my sitting room warm
- -v 1 .
or buu bundles lor the winter. 1 can
bind up 600 bundles of corn stocks in two
days alone. 1 couldn t chop the wood to
warm this room in a week. Then m the
spring I have a load of strong ashes for
my wheat field, while my neighbors have
to cut up the same cornstalks in the spring
to get them away from the harrow. It
makes me smile when I hear about those
idiots up in Minnesota who have fifty-acre
cornfields, and still go cold or buy coal
Why, I'd rather burn cornstalks than cut int0 the street and give them to the ras
maple wood within sight of the house." ai Ti,n A aoon ,hh a Wk
"How would wheat straw dor 1 asked.
"Just as well, only the stove would
have to be twice as large, I d have it
made of sixteenth-of-an-inch boiler iron,
four feet long, and four feet high, with
one little damper, which could be closed
The True Wife
Oftentimes I have seen a tall ship glide
by against the tide as if drawn by some
invisible bowline, with a hundred strong
arms pulling it. Her sails unfilled; her
streamers were drooping, she had neither
side-wheel nor stern-wheel; still she moved
on stately, in serene triumph as with her
own life. But I knew that on the other
side of the ship, hidden beneath the great
bulk that swam so majestically, there was
a little toilsome steam-tug, with a heart of
fire and arms of iron, that was tngging it
bravely on; and I knew that if the little
steam-tug untwined her arm, and left the
ship, it would wallow and roll about and
drift hither and thither, and go off with
the refluent tide, no man knows whither.
And so I have known more than one gen-
ius, high-decked, full-freighted, idle-sailed,
gay-pennoned, but that for the bare, toil
ing arms and brave, warm-beating heart
of the faithful little wife that nestles close
to him, so that no wind or wave could
part them, he would have gone down with
tne stream, and have been heard ot no
more. Oliver Wendell Holmes.
Steam and Water Power.
General Wilson, the President of the
New York and New England Railroad
Company, at the late annual meeting of
the stockholders of that company, made a
very important revelation. He was dis
cussing the coal supply for the New Eng
land mills, and the necessity for establish
ing low rates for its transportation. 4 He
8tated that "many mills in Massachusetts,
. . . -
which have depended upon water for their
motive power, have been obliged to stop
during dry seasons, and most of them are
now putting in other machinery, and will
in luture rely upon coal as their motive
power." "This," says the American,
'brings into view both the decrease of
tho wntpr nnvnr nf t.fin cnntitrr nrViiK ia
everywhere going on in consequence of
r.f ,-mv.Q ? un
fact that, in consequence of their loss of
this power, the factories of New England,
driven to the use of steam, are stripped of
one important advantage which they have
enjoyed. Iheir great aggregation of capi
ityf and the skiU of their operatives, have
!! i,Ppn nmntu nf vanta W. t.h
t.a t hpir Arr.iat.m ann mnphAniAa I inrrAmi.
abundance ot water nower fcas been one
0f equal importance."
The South presents an opportunity for
inn ii i r l nraaanrn
capital to secure ample dividends without
the use of coal, because our water supply
Doctor Jurie, a prominent physician
of Vienna, tells of two complete cures of
dipsomania effected by him in an extraor
dinary manner. One of the cases was
that of an habitual drunkard who was
picked out of the gutter by the police,
and was handed over to the Doctor's treat
ment, in the "Correction Hospital," for a
period ol fourteen days. ijie doctor at,
once ordered that every article of food or
drink given him should receive a liberal
addition of whiskey of a not over refined
quality. Water, milk, soup, meat, and
vegetables were all treated in this way,
and whiskey was even infused into the air
that he breathed through saturation of the
walls, floors, and bedding. At first the
man proclaimed himself highly satisfied
with his treatment, and said he would
always like to have such a sensible phys
ician. The second day however, he be
gan to feel nausea, the third day he vom
ited immediately after eating, and there
after not a meal was taken that was not
followed by vomiting. From day to day
he experienced increasing torment, and
finally begged' pitiously for relief. The
result was that at the end of two- weeks,
though much reduced in flesh, he was fill
ed with such repugnanco" for strong drink
that he was never afterward able to in
dulge in it again. The other case men
tioned by Dr. Jurie was of a similar char
acter, and was treated by him in the same
way, and with equal success.
The full-dressed male animal abounds in
pockets; he has coat-pockets, vest-pockets,
and pants-pockets, side-pockets, hind-pock
ets, hip-pockets, pockets in his overcoat,
his ulster and his rubber overalls; never
less than 16 to 20 ot the economical hiding
places for lots of articles, cash in loose
change, cash in bills, lawyers' briefs, ser
mons, trademen's accounts, doctors' pre
scriptions, architects' drawing, tax gath
erers' lists, blank books of all sorts and
sizes, enough to stock a book seller's stall
or merchant's counting-room. All kinds
of pocket articles are enumerated and de
fined in the dictionary pocket comb,
pocket, compass, pocket pistol, pocket
money, pocket knile, pocket glass, pocket
volumes, pocket inkstand, pen pencil and
the like. A schoolboy's pockets are a cu
riosity; a repository for nails, balls, jack
knives, ginger bread and apple cores, fish
ing twine and angle worms, and, as he
grows older, billets from the girls, "ex
cuses" from his mother, and extra prob
lems from his teacher. A female lecturer
of some celebrity said "the only thing lor
which she envied a man was his multitude
of pockets." Troy Times.
Columbus Ga. has a bad man who
trained his dogs to steal. A night or two
ago one of its most prominent citizens
was aroused by a terrible fluttering among
the ducks out in the yard. He had thir
teen ducks in the drove and the unusual
commotion at such an hour in the night
caused him to get up and see what was
the cause of the disturbance. Imagine
his consternation when he found seven of
his ducks lying dead in his yard and four
others in the hand of a negro thief, lhere
is nothing strange about this, but the
mauner in which the thief was committed
is the singular part. The negro had two
dogs one a large white one and the other
a small black one. lhese dogs he
into the yard to catch the ducks, which
t lit-tr (tfl and wmilrl t.hn narrv them out
cal. The dogs were seen each with a duck
carrying them out to their master. If
the truth was known, there is hardly any
doubt about the fact that these dogs have
been traiued to this kind of theft, and that
the owner has made it profitable in send
ing them on raids among the fowls. A
watch should be upon this rascal, and it
may be that his dogs will yet be the m
strument of bringing to him a well de
Cure for Dropsy. A gentleman of
this city gives the following, which he
terms an infalliable cure for dropsy. To
one quart of sweet cider put one quarter
j of ounce of saltpeter, together with a suf-
ficient quantity of horse-radish and pars
ley root to make the mixture taste
strongly of those ingredients, and take a
good draught three times a day after eat
ing. Our informant says he has known it
tried in various instances and always
with success. Wilmington Star.
A Valuable Petrifaction. An ex
hibition in an Eureka. Nev.. bakery is a
piece of petrified wood, about the size of
a very big man's hand. It assays $1,500
- to the ton in silver, horn silver glistening
all over it. About one-half of the singular
specimens is the clearly marked bark of
the fossil tree with leaves embedded there
in and tinged with copper stains, the ether
part being the grain of the wood, seeming
ly nut pine, plainly defined.
FOB THE HOME AND DEMOCRAT.
A Problem for Children of the Common
Three persons, A, B and C agreed to
purchase together a tract of land contain
ing 249 acres, 1 rood and 5 poles, at six
teen dollars per acre, of which A wanted
30 acres and' 12 poles, B wanted 16 acres,
2 roods and 15 poles, C the remainder,
being 142 acres, 2 roods and 18 poles.
lhe parcels wanted oy A and B being
less valuable than that warned by C, A,
B and C mutually agreed that A and B
should pay less than sixteen dollars per
acre, and that A and B should each pay
the same price per acre, and that C should
pay more than sixteen dollars per acre,
and that C should pay just one dollar "per
acre more than that paid by A and B.
What is the value ot the tract at six
teen dollars per acre? What did A and
B have to pay per acre ? And what did
C have to pay per acre ? How much did
A pay for 30 acres and 12 poles? How
much did B pay for 16 acres, 2 roods and
15 poles? And how much did C pay for
142 acres, 2 roods and 18 poles?
Jrlease give a solution of this problem
and a proof of its solution.
Charlotte, Dec. 9th, 1881. ' -
Time a Great Conforter.
"What are they?" the reporter inquired.
"Those," answered Mrs. Souby, "are pho
tographs of dead wives. They were
brought here a long time ago, and the
owners have never returned lor them.
These you see here are not a quarter of
what 1 have had. Ihey began accumu
lating at such a great rate that I had to
pack them up in boxes and stow them
away in tho lumber room. They were
left here by husbands, and, my! you just
ought to see the sorrowful and pitiful-look
ing faces they brought with them! lhe
poor men would come in and, with tears
in their eyes, present photographs of their
deceased wives and ask for portraits of
them. 'Spare neither pains nor money in
making the pictures,' they would say,
and, of course, I would follow out instruc
tions. The pictures were finished,, but
never called for, and hence it is that you
see this collection. Some of the men have
been married, and the others, I suppose,
have forgotten that they ever wanted por
traits of their dead wives. Perhaps they
think it wouldn't do to let a second wife.
be,confronted constantly with a picture of
a first wife." New Orleans Times. ' '
A Young Lady Cured by Prayer
and Married one year - after. -The
wedding of Miss Lillie D.Tyler of Damas
cus, Wayne county, Pennsylvania, to Mr.
John G. Mitchell, of the same town, took
place a day or two ago, precisely one year
from the mysterious cure of the young
lady. Miss Tyler had been an invalid for
upward ot six years with a peculiar dis
ease which kept her confined to her room
most of the time. She was treated by
eminent physicians from New York and
Philadelphia, but in vain. In October,
1880, she heard of a female in Connecti
cut who cured people by prayer, and to
this person Miss Tyler wrote, receiving a
reply appointing the 26th ot November as
the day when Lillie should, with her
riends, pray lor ber restoration to health.
The day came, and Miss Tyler was so
weak she could scarcely raise her head
rom the pillow. The company included
her iamiiy and pastor, Kev. 1 nomas
Weetcot. At noon they commenced their
prayers, and before night the young lady
was able to go about the house, and, as
her cure has been entirely effected, she
has just redeemed the pledge made long
ago to Mr. Mitchell, and they were mar
ried last Saturday by the same clergy
man who prayed so fervently only a year
before for her recovery. The case has at
tracted widespread attention, and the
story as told by the bride is true in every
Slate Pencils. The hard, black Ger
man slate pencil has been superseded of
late years by' the round white pencil of
clay elate. At the quarry near Castleton,
Vt., about 35 workmen produce 50,000
pencils daily, and it is proposed to increase
the daily output to 100,000. The blocks
when quarried are sawed into pieces
seven by twelve inches, split to a thick
ness ol a half inch and smoothed by a
planer. The block is passed under a
semi-circular knife, and, after having been
turned over, the process is repeated. The
result is 50 7-inch pencils. A particle of
quartz in the block would break all the
pencils. 1 hey are pointed by a grindstone
turned, assorted, and sent to market in
boxes of a hundred.
Proportion of Farmers. The last re
port of the Commissioner of Agriculture
shows that 7,600,000. persons in the
United States are engaged in agricultural
pursuits. The total value of farms and
implements is $13,461,200,433, or two
thirds of the productive wealth of the na
tion. The value of farm products and live
stock for 1878 was $3,000,000,000, against
$2,800,000,000 of mining and manufacture
ing products. Thus it appears that only
a majority of the adult male population of
the United States is engaged in agricul
ture, but more than one-half the wealth of
the Union is invested in that industry.
Prayers on a Railway Train. A
petition is now being circulated and has
received the signatures of those accus
tomed to travel on the New York and
New Haven Railroad, requesting the
directors of that road to set apart the
rear car on each of the morning trains to
New York for the use of those who desire
to hold religious services on the train
The services are to be held between Mt.
Vernon and New York, and will consist
of Scripture reading, singing and prayer.
One hundred signatures to the petition
are required by the superintendent before
granting the request.
2T The richest person to-day upon
the Sandwich Islands is Claus Spreckles
of Honolulu. A few years ago he was
laughed at when he purchased 10,000
acres of land for ten cents an acre, as the
tract was at the foot of an extinct volcano,
and covered with a crust On the surface
like a flagstone walk. He broke up this
crust, mixed the dust with a small quan
tity of vegetable mould, thoroughly irri
gated the soil thus formed, and planted
sHgar cane. To-day he is a millionaire.