Newspaper Page Text
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OLD SERIES: VOLUME XXX.
CHARLOTTE, N. 0., FRIDAY, JANUARY 13, 1882.
VOLUME XL NUMBER 558
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Charlotte Home and Democrat,
Published btekt Friday bv
J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor.
. O ' '
Tcrms-rTwo Dollabs for one year.
One Dollar for six months.
Subscription price due in advance.
"Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte, N.
C., as second class matter,", according to the
rules of the P. O. Department
ROBERT GIBBON, M. D ,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
(Office corner 5th and Tryon Streets,)
Tenders his professional services to the public,
as a practical Surgeon. Will advise, treat or
operate in all the different departments of Sur
March 5, 1881.
Dr. JOHN H. MeADEN,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Has on band a large and well selected stock of
PURE DRUGS, Chemicals, Patent Medicines,
Family Medicines, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye
Stuffs, Fancy and Toilet Articles, which he is de
termined to sell at the very lowest prices.
Jan 1, 1879.
DR. T. C. SMITH,
Druggist and Pharmacist,
Keeps a full line of Puie lDrugs and Chemicals,
White Lead and Colors, Machine and Tanners'
Oils, Patent Medicines, Garden seeds, and every
thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he
will sell at low prices.
March 28, 1879.
J. P. Mc Combs, M. D
Offers his professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
both night and day, promptly attended to.
Office m Brown s building, up stairs, opposite
the Charlotte Hotel.
JOHN E. BROWN,
Attorney at Law,
Charlotte, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts
Office on Trade . Street, opposite the Court
House, JNo. 1, bims & Dowd s building.
Dec 23, 1881 y
DR. M. A. BLAND,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
used for the painless extraction of teeth.
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Practice Limited to the
EYE, EAR AND THROAT.
March 18, 1881.
" DR. J. M MILLER,
Charlotte, N C. V
All calls promptly answered day and night.
Office over Traders' National Bank Residence
opposite "W.Ti. My tTo
Jan. 1, 1878.
A. BTjBWKLL. P.D.WALKER
BUR WELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
"HVill practice in the State and Federal Courts,
Office adjoining Couit House.
Nov 5, 1880.
WILSON & BURWELL,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Trade Street, Charlotte, N. C,
Have a large and complete Stock of everything
pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they
invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale
and retail. ' ' ' '
Oct 7, 1880;''
HALES & PARRIOR,
Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers,
Charlotte, N. C,
Keeps a full stock of handsome Jewelry, and
Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair
Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c,
done promptly, and satisfaction assured.
Store next to Springs' corner building.
July 1, 1879.
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Grocers and Provision Dealers,
Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses,
Syrups, Mackerel, Soaps, Starch, Meat, Lard,
Hams, Floury Grass Seeds, Plows, Ac, which we
offer to both the Wholesale and Retail trade. All
are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar
Jan 17, 1880. '
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Groceries, Provisions, &c,
'College Street, Charlotte, N. C.
Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash,
and buys Country Produce at
highest market price.
tW Cotton and other country Produce sold on
commission and prompt returns made.
Nov. 1, 1881.
TORRENCE & BAILEY,
College Street, Charlotte, N. C,
Handle Grain. Flour. Bran. &c. Cotton stored
Oct. 7, 1881. . 1. 6m..:
W. A. TRUSLOW,
Jeweler and Watch Repairer,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Respectfully announces that, having succeeded
E. J. Allen, in the Watch and Jev. Ary business,
ne has J usi added to his stock of ... " '
Watches, Jewelry, Silverware,
CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, fcc, ,
And be hopes by close attention to business and
lair dealing to merit a snare oi patronage.
t Fifteen years constant experience in the
WATCH REPAIRING ; Department, enables
him, to fully warrant every Watch entrusted to
Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street,
near tne Square. 77
Oct. 7. 1881. 6m j
Central' Hotel Barber Shop.
GREY TOOLE, hi the Basement of the Cen
tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonsorial Art in its
Various branches. He and bis assistant Artists
are o wen known for tneir skill tnat it neeas no
multiplicity of words to inform the' public where
beards can be shaved smoothly and hair cut .and
dressed in fashionable style and "with dispatch."
uive him a trial. - GREY TOOLE.
July 29, 1881. Under Central Hotel.
A Little Cotton History.
The water-power of Lowell began to be
improved for manufacturing purposes in
1822. The first cotton planted in this
country was in 1721, in South Carolina.
The plant was discovered growing wild
on the Island of Hispahiola: also as far
North on the banks of the Mississippi as
the thirteenth parallel of latitude, and .it
has been proved to be indigenous to the
soil of the lower latitudes of North Ameri
ca. W. Ellitt, iu 1790, gathered the first
successful cotton crop in South Carolina,
and within a tew years cotton cultivation
became general in the extreme Southern
1,200 Acres of Valuable Lands.
By virtue of a decree of the Superior Court of
the county of Mecklenburg, we will sell at Pub
lic Auction, at the Court House door in the city
of Charlotte, on Monday the 16th day of January,
1B92, tne lianas wnicn were owned by the late
Mary M. Wallace.
The Home Place, 4 miles from the city of
Charlotte on the Lawyers road, contains 408
acres, wiih a large Brick Dwelling House, good
Barns and other improvements.
1 he Allen .Place contains 267 acres, is 4 miles
from the city, adjoins the Home Place, and lies
between the "Lawyers road and the Monroe road.
The Wynens Place, on the Potter road, con
tains 133. acres, adjoins the Home Place and is
about the same distance from the City.
'lhe Wilson Place, on the Lawyers road, amiles
from uiiariotte, contains 322 acres.
The Brumley Place, on Reedy Creek, 7 miles
from Charlotte, contains 7J acres.
We will also sell a valuable Uold Mine, in
Union county, near Matthews', known as the
Henry Phifer Mine. . -
The Home tract, the Allen tract, and the Wil
son tract, each, will first be offered in lots and
then as a whole. ,
This sale is made subject to the ratification and
approval pi the Court.
Terms One tenth cash; balance in two equa
installments at one and two years, with security
and interest from date.
Deeds and Plats can be seen at the Law office of
OSBORNE & MAXWELL,
Charlotte, N. C.
Parties desiring to examine th property will
apply to S. II. Farrow, at the Brick House Place.
JOHN It. MOKK1S,
' ' W. C. MAXWELL,
Dec 2, 1881. tds Commissioners.
Valuable City Property.
By virtue of a Mortgage Deed executed by R.
Jti. .brown and wife to Martin Icehour, for cer
tain purposes therein mentioned, and registered
in the Register of Deeds' office in Mecklenburg
county, N.C., Book 25, page 286, lwill sell at
the Court House door, in the city of Charlotte,
on the 13th day of February, 1882, that valuable
City property located in tne city or Char
lotte, on uranam street, adjoining the pro
perty of T. L. Alexander and A. R. Nesbit,
fronting 99 feet on Graham street, and extending
DacK "zvs reeu ora2 dr.iim6 txxM j. -other. J
improvements, ana excellent wen oi water on
the Lot. Terms cash.
Jan. 6, 1882. 5w Mortgagee.
Notice Sheriffs Sale.
I will sell for cash, at the Court House door, in
the city of Charlottp, on Monday, the 6th day of
February 1882, to satisfy executions in my hands
for State and County Taxes for the years 1880
and 1881, the following described city property,
viz : One house and lot on Trade street, adjoining
the property of J L Brown and others, and known
as the BankmgUouse of the Merchants and Farm
ers National Bank.
ALSO, one house and lot on Tryon street.
adjoining the property of the Second Presbyterian
Church, Ed. Henderson and others, known as the
property of the Merchants and Farmers National
ALSO, at the same time and place, one Lot
in Ward 4, Lot No 1564, Square 190, known as the
City Mills, adjoining the Air Line Railway and
others, known as the property of the Traders
.National Bank of Charlotte.
M. E. ALEXANDER,
Jan. 6, 1882 5w Sheriff.
We are now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock
Containing all the latest styles and qualities of
Ladies', Misses and Children's
Hats and Bonnets.
Also, all the novelties for trimniins : Feathers.
Flowers, Ribbons, Silk, Flashes, Satins, Orna
Also, our usual larere and attractive stock of
White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Neck Wear,
tiloves and Hosiery, Corsets, Shawls Cloaks,
Skirts, Ac. Another laree stock of Ladies' Mus
lin Underwear just received,, that we are offering
at very low prices.
Uct. 14, 1831. MKS. i. tJU-Eltl.
TIDDY'S CITY BOOK STORE
A well selected Stock of
Including Note,' Letter, "Sermon, Legal and Fools
cap, which they propose to sell cheap for cash.
Also, French Paper of every descriptioj. with
.haveiopes to match.
Also, raper in boxes, tosu.it the most fastidious.
SOCIAL ETIQUETTE OF NEW YORK.
A standard treatise upon the laws of good society
CONGRESS TIE ENVELOPES a new lot
Edward Todd & Co.'s Celebrated ,
Rubber Pens '
A Pen by some considered superior to a Gold Pen.
TIDDY & BRO. are also Agents for Emer-
san's celebrated Rubber HAND-STAMPS ; and
any orders given them will receive prompt atten
Cash paid for Rags.
A. A. GASTON,
And HoHse Furnishing Goods,
. CHARLOTTE, N. C.
He keeps the largest stock of Stoves and Tin
Ware ever offered in this market. $100 reward
will be paid to any party that ever sold a larger
or heavier Stove than the "Barley Sheaf." I have
sold the "Barley Shear' for eleven years.
Call at my Store under Central Hotel building,
. -- i -, J
ana examine my siock. a
JST Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware manufactured
to order, and all Repairing promptly executed.
; Feb 1,1881. , A. A. UASTOJN.
Trees for Delivery.
My trees are how ready for delivery, opposite
Mr. Allen Cruse' s residence, on Tryon street, be
tween 5th and 6th. A fine lot of Trees, Plants,
Flowers and Flower Seed on hand. Anything
in my line furnished on short notice.
T. W. SPARROW,
, . Dec, 9, 1881. . . , . ; Charlotte, N. C.
Foreive and Forget.
When streams of unkindness as bitter assail,
Bubble up from the heart to the tongue,
And meekness is writhing in torment
By the hands of ingratitude, wrung ;
In the heat of injustice, unwept and unfair,
While the anguish is festering yet ;
None, none but an angel of God can declare
'I now can forgive and forget."
But if the bad spirit is chased from the
And the lips are in penitence steep'd,
With the wrong so repented the wrath
Though scorn of injustice were heaped ;
For the best compensation is paid for all ill
When the cheek with contrition is wet,
And every one feels it is impossible still
At once to forgive and forget.
Brood not on insults or injuries old,
For thou art inj urious too ;
Count not their sum till the total is told,
For thou art unkind and untrue ;
And if all thy harms are forgotten, forgiven,
Now mercy with justice is met,
Oh, who-would not gladly take lessons
Nor learn to forgive and forget ?
The Prompt Clerk.
I once knew a young man, said an emi
nent preacner tne otner day in a sermon
to young men, that was commencing life
as a clerk. One day his employer said to
"Now to-morrow that cargo of cotton
must be got out and weighed, and we must
have a regular account of it.
He was a young man ot energy, lhis
was the first time he had been entrusted
to superintend the execution of this work ;
he made his arrangement over night, spoke
to the men about their carts and horse,
and resolving to begin very early in the
morning, he instructed the laborers to be
there at hall-past four o clock. So they
set to work and the thing was done ; and
about ten or eleven o'clock his master came
in, and seeing him sitting in the counting-
house, looked very black, supposing
that his commands had not been exe
'I thought," said the master, "you were
requested to get out that cargo this morn
"It's all done' said the youug man,
"and here is the account of it."
He never looked behind him from that
moment never ! His character was fixed
confidence was established. He was found
to be the man to do the thing with prompt
ness, lie very soon came to be tne one
thax" coma "noTrjepaTirti , bo-n-M xuJ4aarj
to the firm as any one of the partners,
He was a religious man, and went through
a life of great benevolence, and at his
death was able to leave his children an
ample fortune. He was not smoke to the
eves nor vinegar to the teeth, but lust to
ST There is dew in one flower and not
in another, because one opens its cup and
takes it, while the other closes itself, and
the drop runs off. So God rains goodness
and mercy as wide as the dew, and if we
lack them it is because we will not open
our hearts to receive him.
A complete Stock of Rubber Belting, Rubber
and Hemp Packing. Also, all sizes and kinds of
Rope at bottom prices.
Hot 1,1880. Kl LiHi & HAMMUHD.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
FURNITURE. BEDDING, &c.
I have now in Store a well selected stock em
bracing everything found in a
First-class Furniture Store,
Such as Bedroom and Parlor Suits, Lounges,
Tet-a-Tets, Whatnots, Marble and Wood Top
Tables, Dining Tab!es, Washstands, Bureaus,
Wardrobes, Book Cases, &c.
tiT CHAIRS of all kinds and cheap Bedsteads
at prices to suit the times.
1 respectfully solicit a shure of patronage.
COFFINS of all grades kept on hand ready-
No. 5 West Trade Street,
3 n 19, 1881 Charlotte, N. C.
Lumber ! Lumber ! !
I am prepared to furnish Lumber to persons
desiring the same in any quantity.
1 nave steam and Water Mills, and can saw
Lumber or Giind Grain at any time.
Address, Dr. I. J. Sloan, Charlotte, N. C'
I. J. SLOAN.
Dec. 2, 1881. 3mpd
Everybody wants it, but very few get it, be
cause most people do not know how to select
coffee, or it is spoiled in the roasting or making.
To obviate these difficulties has been our study.
Thurber s package Coffees are selected by an ex
pert who understands the art of blending various
lsI Si inPSl
flavors. They are roasted in
manDer (it is impossible to roasc well in small
quantities,) then put in pound packages (in the
bean, not groundS bearing our signature as a
guarantee of genuineness, and each package con
tains the Thurber recipe for making good Coffee.
We pack two kinds, Thurbers "No. 34, strong
and pungent, Thurbers "No. 41," mud and rich.
One or the other will suit every taste. They
have the three great points, good quality, honest
quantity, reasonable price. Ask your Urocer for
Thurber s roasted (Joffte in pound packages, "Jso.
34" or "No. 41." Do riot be put off with any
other kind your own palate will tell ycu what
is best. : - ' '
Where persons desire it we also furnish the
''Ideal" Coffee-pot. the simplest, best and cheap
est coffee-pot in existence. Grocers who sell our
Coffee keep them. Ask for descriptive circular,
II. K. & Pj B. THURBER & CO
Importers. Wholesale Grocers and Coffee Roast
ers, New York.
P. S. As the largest dealers in food products
in the world, we consider it our interest to manu
facture onlv pure and wholesome goods and
pack them in a tidy and satisfactory manner.
All goods bearing our name are guaranteed to be
of superior quality, pure and wholesome, and deal-
ers are authorized to refund the purchase price
In any case where customers have cause for dis-
satisfaction. It is therefore to the interest of
both dealers and consumers to use Thurber'
Dec. 16, 1881. ' l w -
Ben Hill on Civil Service Reform.
We present a portion of the stinging
speech made by the Hon. Ben. II. Hill of
Georgia, in the senate last week, when
the question of civil service reform was
under discussion :
"lhe Senator irom unio toofe occasion
to remind ns that the late President of
the United States was the victim of a cor
rupt civil service in this country. That
everybody says is eo, and therefore it is
not necessary for me to discuss it. But,
sir, the President was scarcely laid away
in his final resting-place, the people of the
United otates everywhere were still weep
ing for his departure, when in the midst
of their very sobs a Federal Judge was
soiling his ermine by inditing a letter to
the successor oi that very President who
succeeded by reason of that very corrupt
civil service, appealing to him to make
upuiutmciHB xui tu cA-prcsB pui uusc ut i
aiding a coalition to control a State elec-
tiuu, aim nie uuujuc lauguagc ui iuai I
Judge was that the President should
make the aDDointment "to cement onr
nnalition " Fnr what, nnmnao icon thp
coalition ? Simply to secure Republican
w- ww mvruv mm m. s
officers in the State. The Senator read
that much, but he stopped there. He did
not tell the beuate, as he miht have done,
that that very President to whom the
letter was .addressed, with the weeds of
mourning all around him, with the sobs
ofthecouutry still echoing from every
nook and corner of the land, sat down and
made the very appointment that that
Judge designated lor tne purpose ot ce
menting our coalition." and that Presi
dent, as soon as he made that appoint
ment for the express purpose of "cement
ing our coalition," turned right around
before the ink on the commission was dry
and used tne very same pen, dipped in
the very same ink, to write a learned dis
quisition or homily upon civil service re
form to be inserted m his message to (Jon
gress. Ihat is the way we treat civil ser
vice reform in this country.
Do you blame the President for that ?
Has he not a right from his own ex peri
ence to assume that everybody in this
country who talks about civil service re
form is simply playing with the people?
hy, sir, are there not scores of men now
listening to me who sat in their seats in
this very Chamber and heard read from
that very desk official communications
from a former President and his Secretary
of the lreasnry, insisting upon the re
moval of this very President from the
custom-house in New York, upon the
ground that he had made it the head
quarters of a political party, and that his
removal was absolutely necessary to se-
cure an honest administration of affairs in
that public office? Did you not all hear
tKat read, from the desk ? v as it not
puuiiciy given 10 me country And y
that very man who was removed from the
custom-house in New York, upon the
ground that the honest administration of
the civil service required his removal, that
very man the next year was nominated
by that very party for the second office in
the gift of the people, and the very men
who asked tor his removal supported his
election, took the stump for bim. And
that is civil service reform! And all the
crowd of civil service reformers at the
North, with homilies upon civil service re
lorm, and who have been at it tor years,
voted tor that very man for Vice-Presi
dent. What do vou think of that?
Well, is anybody surprised that when
that President made his nomination to the
Senate for the purpose of "cementing our
coalition," in Virginia his party friends
should an nave supported that nomina
tion when every one of them holds an
office here due to that very coalition ? Do
not half this Senate absolutoly hold office
in this body which they never could have
obtained except for that coalition ?
Do we not all know that five years ago
immense clamor was raised in this coun
try about certain frauds upon the ballot,
upon the popular will, in different States
01 tne union returning-ooard irauos
by which (the charge was made) the
Presidency itself was secured ? And does
not everybody know that every man, high
and low, black and white, who was
charged with connection with those frauds,
received an ofhee from that very adminis
tration which obtained the Presidency by
these frauds ? Did I not hear, did not
other members of the Senate hear, wit
nesses come before a committee of this
body, and the testimony was printed and
spread before the body, in which the wit-
nesses testified and admitted under oath
that they had committed deliberate per
offices and he n nor their nartv Andl.i;j nM iA ru
1 a 1 j
does not evervbodv know that men who
did that did secure the offices, and, as far
as l know, hold those offices to this day,
hold them now? I have not heard of
their removal vet: thev certainly held
them up to the end ot the last administra
Great is modern invention. A
Massachusetts physician was called by
telephone about 1 o'clock at night not
long ago to attend a child suffering with
the croup two miles away. It was a dark
and stormy night and the doctor rebeled
attheidea of making the weary journey.
However, he prepared to start when just
as he was leaving the house the thought
struck: mm tnat ne misrnt solve tne cum-
culty by the aid of the telephone. He
requested the parents to bring the sick
child to the telephone transmitter, listened
intently to its croup cough, prescribed a
remedy, which was promptly administered,
waited until he was informed in a short
time that the patient had been relieved
and then sought his couch, calling down
blessings on the inventor of the tele
Flipping the Pbnny. He was asking
the conductor how he managed to build a
house' and buy a fast horse out of his fifty
dollars a month. "You see," said this
nobleman, "sometimes we get a way pas
senger who pays a quarter or half dollar
for his fare. Well, we flip the money up
heads for the conductor, tails for the
company.?' "But," persisted the investi-
gator after truth, "sometimes it must turn
t:ia What do -vou do then?" "Oh"
v .. , ,i. ui
replied the conductor, with an ineffable
contempt, "then we flip it up again bo
that passenger went home and sold out his
' railroad shares. Anon. ' -
Where Great Men Come From.
The way "Blood" tells.
Senator Miller, of California, was a gal
lant soldier. He was poor at the close of
the war. . lie secured the lease of the
Alaska seal furs, and has made millions.
Senator Jones, of Nevada, is poor now
compared to the millions he used to wear
at his belt; but he is just as good a lellow
all the same. He never did put on much
style about society, but if his beautiful lit
tle wife does leave her Gold-Hill home
and preside at the granite mansion this
winter there will be several reunions
there long to be remembered. Sen
ator Davis, of West Virginia, was once a
brakeman on the Baltimore and Ohio rail
road, and arose and arose, until he has
reached fortune and fame. He is worth
millions and still a making it. He never
did astonish "society." here and as
w v v i
1 endletOn IS
ciety man, with an accomplished family
hi,.f .BLfti. xr;a wQ ,i
u . i i . .u i.
will Lll LllUUnallua LI J L. 1 1 1? HLtlir lire I ICl H - l
- I "
Edmunds is rich, and hiafamilv are of the
best New Eno-land stock. Ravard has a
regiment of children delightful they are,
too. and of the dozen or more that are al-
ready in society none know them but to
l0ve, admire, and respect. He is kept
poor by the continual pouring in of school-
charges and milliners' bills.' Mrs. Con-
ger has bought a $30,000 house, and also
a carriage and Dair of horses, and thev
n r j j
have left the National hotel and gone to
house-keeping. They will now form part
of the society people. Ferry is a bache
lor, Morgan is poor, and Beck resides with
his daughter. We 11 speak of Sherman
after the investigation closes. There isn't
any other very special case, except, in
deed, it be dear old Senator Saunders, of
Nebraska. He left Kentucky a poor boy,
.......i ni,;. ,i .1.
t ,j 1. ,i t I
handle friction; couldn't work, and had to
loaf around the country store; did chores
for the proprietor; worked his way up; be
came the head clerk; commanded a com
pany of young men who emigrated from
Ohio to Kansas: became one of the leaders
in the Kansas-Nebraska fight; and al
though a Southerner, was an uncompromis
ing anti-slavery man; went into dry goods
and politics, and made fortune and fame;
was the first Governor of Nebraska, and
the man who stuck the golden Bpade that
threw the hi st shovel-full of dirt that com
menced the building of the Union Pacific
railway. His daughter is the handsomest
young lady in society. His son, who has.
just graduated at law in New York, is a
proud and gallant-fellow; while Mrs. Saun
ders is loved by hosts ot friends; but not
withstanding all this, the benator will tell
of Java when he chopped wood and
drilled the boys for the Kansas .and . Ne
braska light. Washington Chronicle.
'"- , .
Repaieixg Mutilated Currency.
In the fall of 1880 a bachelor of Wayne
Township, Crawford County, Pa., Coon
Hart, gave to Mrs. Coulson, the lady of
the house, his pocketbook for safe keeping.
Tt mntainPfl fivp Sun hills thrpp nf thpm
it contained five bills, three ot them
being greenbacks and two national bank
notes. She put the pocketbook away in a
little trinket box. As Mr. Hart had no
occasion to use the money, the box was
not called for until the 1st of April last.
when on opening the box it was found the
mice had been there and made a very nice
nest of the bachelor's savings. In fact,
the notes were cut as fine as a carding
machine could have done the work, in
pieces from the size of a pin head to that
of a finger nail. No one who saw the
''remains" ever thought there could be any
identification of the money. But about a
month ago a friend of Mr. Hart's sealed
the contents of the box and mailed it to
United States Treasurer Gilfiilan. 1 On
Tuesday of last week a draft was received
lead pencil and about an inch long could
be lit at one end and held with the fingers.
It melted like wax, and it was only after
a little while, when hot drops ran down,
t,o fl V. l u KlA
danger of fire is considerably less than
with liquid petroleum. The product can
be easily liquified when required by the
addition of vinegar, and . the process is
rapid. The vinegar in time separates out
below and the petroleum above. It is not
stated whether the same vinegar can be
used repeatedly. It appears that the
uscu icucuiguiv, jLb auucaio tuai. tuc
yzu nMnn ua :
crude naphtha are not affected by the
solidifying agent, in which case the costly
apparatus for fractional distillation might
hp rtisnpnsprl wit h Thp ad vanl awpa nf
buiiu ijc iiuicu ui ni-'uiu 10 ucvuuaiiv iciu
I : ; n...,
nantn,a indnat.rv snffers throng the dearth
of suitable wood tor barrels.
SagT" Bronson Aleott's latest instruction
for his aesthetic disciples is that the purest
food is fruit, and that, if animal food be
eaten at all, it is best in the mild form of
oysters and eggs. "Beautiful diet, beauti
ful form," he exclaims. "All pure poets
have abstained almost entirely from ani
mal iood. iLvery animal leeaer is some
times a tyrant. If one would abate that
ffltft lip mnt. nm:t :t pnt;rei unt hv a
gradaal prooe88. Compare a table of the
DreBent day with that spread by the hands
to feed her ethereal
guests. Then was gathered together a
least of the purest, a banquet of right.
We are composed of atoms, and every
atom must be musical and tremulous with
harmony to give the body that harmony
that is musical. The consent of our atoms,
the absolute consent of every atom to
every other atom that is harmony. Every
passion leaves its impress, we know not
how; long. Every atom sympathizes with
every other atom."
-. : ..
Vineoab feom an Oak. While the
Rev. Daniel McHorton, colored, was cut
ting down a large red oak tree near But
ler's Creek, Ga., he observed a clear liquid
running from the cut. Upon tasting this
he found that it was strong vinegar. Pro
curing a vessel, he caught the liquid as it
ran out and obtained about three gallons
and a half. The. liquor. has the taste and
odor of good, strong cider vinegar. There
was a small crack in the centre of the tree,
and it is supposed that the sap collected
in this, fermented, and turned to vinegar.
How a French Court Would Have Tried
The French wav of conducting the trial
of the murderer Guiteau may be stated I
The murderer being presented in court,
the Judge would have addressed him:
Judge Hal miscreant! You murdered
our good President. He has done no
wrong His wife and children mourn; his
country has lost him. Your life has been
traced. You are a scoundrel. What can
Prisoner I was impelled by the Diety
to remove the President. It was not a
personal matter. Some of our politicians I
were abusing the President, and for the
sake of peace the Deity put it into my I
head to remove him. The Deity did it,
not I, as I was but the instrument. I
Judge Miserable. Then you plead in-
sanity. Take the wretch to prison; sum-1
mon a commission oi experts in diseases
nf thp mind to makfi a nersnnal ftxamina- I
lT th c.ulPnt Lu . to-morrow
whether he is responsible for his acts.
The commission would have been that
- - - I
the miserable wretch knew enough to
know that murder was a crime; that his
pretense of irresponsibility was the last
resource of a desperate wretch. That
would have been the proper end of the
triak Lawvers' speeches bv the wav to I
befog the case would not have been per-
The mouth of the murderer, if he had
attempted to gabble insults, would have
been stopped by the Judge. The idea of
feasting the scoundrel in jail, and running
after him for photographs, and nattering
by taking a cast of his horrid head, could I
not have been entertained lor a moment.
The Judge would have called up the
murderer on the third occasion of his ap
pearance in the court, and without wast-
l"S WUI""W- UUk m' ,1WTUC" . w
piay.or rneionc or sentiment, semenceu
him to death. No time would have been
fixed for the execution. A few days', per-
haps, would have passed, during which
the condemned would have been visi-
ted by a scientific man or two, to make
sure that the wretch was not an irrespon-
Bible maniac, and for the formality of an
application to be made for the mitigation
of the sentence.
The reply to such an application would
have been a simple refusal, and the day
alter, or, at tne iurtnest, tne tnird aay, a
huge black van would have appeared
about two o'clock in the morning iu front
of the prison, and in an hour the guillotine
would nave been in order and men tne
executioner would have knocked on . the
cell door of the murderer, with the infor
mation that his time had come and he
must make his toilet of death. That means
a close shave and hair cutting, and a low
necked shirt. While the preparations were
being made the murderer might have been
allowed a cup ot coffee, with perhaps a
few drops ot brandy in it. -
Halt an nour sumces tor the ceremony
of preparation. The services of a vener
able priest may be had. The iron gates
roll open without noise, and the ghastly
assassin is thrust forward, and, under the
knife, as coolly and ' rapidly as a hog is
I f ,? , 7. . J, .... -r""J " ""s "
handled in the killing sea80n at oneof our
j .:i,i: t
pork houses, and in the twinkling of an
eye, the heavy triangle of steel
down the ladder-like frame.
through the neck, and strikes a
cushion with a low thud.
There is nothing in this process to cul
tivate the vanity of miscreants to become
murderers no autographs, photographs,
phonography, and no models ot heads by
bogus artists, or big dinners, or double
breakfasts, or correspondence with female
fools. Cincinnati Commercial.
Mr. James D. McCabe has recorded
some interesting experiences of Christmas
under the Confederacy. The dinner; of
1861, he says, did not differ materially
lrom its predecessors in the "piping times
of peace," and though . in 1862 the feast
was home-made, it was. enjoyable. Tur
j .in : j i. i ,i
rwy wiiiy J. uu biu uau
fallen to 33 cents a pound. The Yula log
was obtainable at $15 accord; wines were
to be had by the very rich, and sorghum
rum or apple, peach, or blackberry brandy
cost $30 a gallon. A few toys were left
in the stores in the cities, and fireorackers,
essential to the Southern festival, were $5
a pack. By 1863 the closest search of
i o . 1 , . , - j
Santa Claus revealed no playthings, and
firecrackers indicated great wealth or reck-
firecracker indicated crreat wealth or reck
u wP w uu u.c, w-
ur ov agauuii: sugar was 90 anu
I n tnr- 1- i
pound, and. flour $125 a barrel.
Sold at 280. .a Plam Christmas
lor a large family cost $200 or $300. In
1864, when Christmas fell on Sunday,
gold was at 5,000. Flour was $600 a bar
rel; sugar, $2 an ounce; 6alt, $1 a pound;
butter, $40; beef, $35 to $40. Wood was
$100 a cord. Mr. McCabe describes a
Christmas dinner at a country house near
Richmond. The four gentlemen were in
uniform, three ladies were in homespun.
They had for dinner a $300 ham, and the
last turkey on the plantation, value $175,
with $100 worth of cabbages, potatoes,
and hommy. Corn bread was served,
made of meal at $80 a bushel . and salt at
$1 a pound. The desert was black molas
ses at $60 a gallon, and after one cup of
tea real tea, worth $100 a pound, treas
ured for the occasion as a surprise, and
not sassafras there was coffee at discre
tion, made from sweet potatoes cut into
little squares, toasted, and ground down.
tT" It has been estimated, says an ex
change, that the railroad system of the
entire world embraces 105,000 locomotives,
representing 30,000,000 horse power. The
steam-engines stationary, in vessels, and
others are estimated at 45,000,000 horse
power. If we admit that the nominal
steam horse-power corresponds to ;the
effective labor of three draught horses, and
that the draught horse produces the labor
of seven men, we shall find that the steam
engine actually represents the labor of a
tnousana million oi men.
Over 800,000,000 bushels of corn
are produced annually in the United States.
Over half of it is fed to cattle and hogs,
and much is used in the manufacture , of
I sugar, starch and alcohol.
" The Riffht of the Road.
If a farm-deed is bounded by.
udou a road it usually extends to the mid
die of the roadway. There are a few
ceptional cases, but ordinarily the farmer
owns the soil of half the road and may use
the grass, trees, stones, gravel, sand or
anything of value to him either on the
land or beneath the surface, subject only
to the superior rights of the public to
travel over the road and that of the high
way-surveyor or ther similar officer to
use such materials for the repair of. the
road; and these materials he may cart
away and use elsewhere on the road, yet
he has no right to
use them lor bis own
No , other man has
a right to feed his cattle there or to cut
the grass or trees, much less to deposit
his wood, old carts, wagons, or other
things thereon. The owner of a drove of
cattle which stops to feed in front of your
land, or of a drove of pigs which root up
t hp. soil is rpsnnnsihlo In vnn bv law an
much as it they did the same things inside
the fence. No one has a legal right to
pick ud the apples under vour trees, al-
though the same stand wholly outside the
fence. No traveler can hitch his horse to
your trees on the sidewalk without being
liable if he gnaws the bark or otherwise
injures them. You may unties the horse
and remove him to some other place. If
your, well stands partly on your land and
partly outside the fence, no neighbor can
use it except by your permission. No
man has a right to stand in front ef your
land and whittle or deface your fence,
throw stones at your dog, or insult you
with abusive language without being lia-
ble to you for trespassing on your land.
Ile has a right to pass and repass in an or
derly manner a right to the road but
no to abuse it.
Haul in Your Line.
"Take no throught for the morrow,
that is, no anxious, fretful thought. Walk
through to-dav as well as vou can. and
God will undertake for your future.
When you go forward out of to-day, to
worry about to-morrow, yu are over the
fence, you are trespassing, and God will
scourage you back into your own lot. I
have always found that so long as I kept
a short line I couldn't manage my fishing
very well: but when I let mv line run out
the stream took it down, and there I was,
at the merCy ot every stick that struck up
in the stream, and everv rock that iutted
out from the banks. I lost my fish, and I
tangled my line; very likely I lost my
footing also, and got over head and ears
in the stream. Now most men have cast
out their lines into life forty years long,
when it ought to be but one day long. In
consequence, they are not able to manage
their tackle at all; but are pulled after it,
stumbling first into this hole, and then
into that; slipping up here, and slipping
down there, struggling and splashing
about in far more distressed fashion than
the fish at the end ol the line and, as a
general thing, there is no fish there. Haul
in your line."
mere are lew great!
There are few greater mistakes than the
among: people in
middle-class life to bring up their daugh
ters as fine ladies, neglecting useful knowl
edge for showy accomplishments. The
notions, it has been justly observed, whic h
girls thus educated acquire of their im
portance is in an inverse ratio to their
true value. With iust enough of fashion
able refinement to disqualify them for the
duties of their proper station and render
them ridiculous in a higher sphere, what
are such fine ladies fit for? Nothing but
to be kept like wax figures in a glass case.
Woe to the man who is linked to one of
them! If half the time and money wasted
on music, dancing and embroidery were
employed in teaching daughters the useful
arts of making shirts and mending stock
ings and managing household affairs, their
real qualifications as coming wives and
mothers would be increased fourfold.
The Decrease of Villages. The last
census showed a decrease of the population
in villages in the United States. This
same decrease is now deplored in England.
It is said that people congregate in towns,
because life in town is really more decent,
more agreeable and more profitable. We
should like to know the test of the argu
ment. There is some truth in it, and that lies
in the two words, "public opinion." Pub
lic opinion makes many people respecta
ble, that otherwise would not be so; they
dare not give way to indulgence because
the public eye is upon them, when they
would freely do so, were no such correct
ing medium about. Then the homes of
country people are so poor and wretched
often, that they prefer the sound walls of
a tenement house to the tumble-down
shanty of a village, and would rather live
in close quarters with others than drag
out their days in miserable loneliness.
The congregating of human beings is one
of the great features of the coming gen
eration. Saving. A saving woman at the head
of a family is the very best savings bank
established. The idea of saving is a very
pleasant one ; and if the women imbibed
it at once, they would cultivate it and
adhere to it ; and thus, when they are not
aware of it, they would be laying the
foundation of a competent security in a
stormy time, and shelter in a rainy day.
The best way to comprehend is to keep
an account of all current expenses.
Whether five hundred dollars or five
thousand dollars are expended annually,
there is a chance to save something if the
effort is made. Let the house wife take
the idea, act upon it, and she will save
something where before she thought it
impossible. This is a duty, yet not a
sordid avarice, but a mere obligation that
rests upon women as well as men. Home
Journal. i '
Something Remaekable. A gentle
man by the name of Jacob Foust used to
live in Chatham county, and for 18 years
before his death, he carried a cratch made
out of sour-wood. At his death the crutch
was stuck in a crack in the house, and in
about six months afterwards the crutch
was pulled out of the crack, and found to
contain a green pith four and a half inches
long. It is a fact, so a gentleman in
formed us this morning, who says he saw it