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OLD SERIES : VOLUME XXX.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1882.
VOLUME XI. NUMBER 564
Charlotte Home and Democrat,
Published evkby Fbipay by
J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor.
Terms Two Dollars for one year.
Onb Dollar for six months.
Subscription price due in advance.
"Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte, N.
C., as second class matter," according to the
rules of the P. O. Department.
ROBERT GIBBON, M. D ,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
(Office corner 5A and Try on Streets,)
Tenders his professional services to the public,
as a practical Surgeon. Will advise, treat or
operate in all the different departments of Sur
March 5, 1881.
DR. T. C SMITH,
Druggist and Pharmacist,
Keeps a full line of Puie Drugs and Chemicals,
White Lead and Colors, Machine and Tanners'
Oils, Patent Medicines, Garden seeds, and every
thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he
will sell at low prices.
March 28, 1881.
J. P. Mc Combs, M. D ,
OllVrs his professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
both night and day, promptly attended to.
Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite
the Charlotte Hotel.
Jan. 1, 1882.
JOHN E. BROWN,
Attorney at Law,
Chaki.otte, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts.
Office on Trade Street, opposite the Court
House, No. 1, Sims & Dowd's building.
Dec 23, 1881 y
DR. M. A. BLAND,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Practice Limited to the
EYE, EAR AND THROAT.
March 18, 1881.
DR. J. M MILLER,
Charlott6, N. C.
All calls promptly answered day and night.
Office over Traders' National Bank Residence
opposite W. R. Myers'.
Jan. 1. 1882.
P. D. WALKER
BURWELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts,
Office adjoining Court House.
Nov 5, 1881.
WILSON & BURWELL
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Trade Street, Charlotte, N. C,
Have a large and complete Stock of everything
pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they
invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale
Oct 7, 1881.
HALES & FARRIOR,
Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers,
Charlotte, N. C,
Keeps a full stock of handsome Jewelry, and
Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair
Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c.
done promptly, and satisfaction assured.
Store next to Springs' corner building.
July 1, 1881.
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Grocers and Provision Dealers,
Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses,
Syrups, Mackerel, Soaps, Starch, Meat, Lard,
Hams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c., which wo
offer to both the Wholesale and Retail trade. All
are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar
Jan 1, 1882.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Groceries, Provisions, &c,
Collefe Street, Charlotte, N. C.
Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash,
and buys Country Produce at
highest market price.
t3T Cotton and other country Produce sold on
commission and prompt returns made.
Nov. 1, 1881.
TORRENCE & BAILEY,
College Street, Charlotte, N. C,
Handle Graiu, Flour, Bran, &c. Cotton stored
Oct. 7, 1881.
W. A. TRUSLOW,
Jeweler and Watch Repairer,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Respectfully announces that, having succeeded
E. J. Allen, in the Watch and Jew .dry business,
he has just added to his stock of
Watches, Jewelry, Silverware,
CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &c,
And he hopes by close attention to business and
fair dealing to merit a share of patronage.
BP Fifteen years constant experience in the
WATCH REPAIRING Department enables
him to fully warrant every Watch entrusted to
Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street,
near the Square.
Oct. 7, 1881. 6m
Corner Trade and College Sts.. up Stairs.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Oct. 14, 1881.
Central Hotel Barber Shop.
GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen
tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonsorial Art in its
various branches. He and bis assistant Artists
are so well known for their skill that it needs no
multiplicity of words to inform the public where
beards can be shaved smoothly and hair cut ana
dressed in fashionable style and "with dispatch."
uive mm a trial. (iUEi lUUL-ta.
July 89, 1881. Under Central Hotel.
A Sunny Temper.
What a blessing to a household is a
merry, cheerful woman one whose spirits
are not affected by wet days or little dis
appointments, or whose milk of human
Kindness does not sour in the sunshine of
prosperity, Such a woman in the darkest
nours brightens the house like a little
piece of sunshiny weather. The magnet
ism of her smiles and the electrical bright
ness ot her looks and movements infect
every one. The children go to school
with a sense of something great to be
achieved : her husband coes into the
worm in a conqueror's spirit. JNo matter
, ' . . f
how people annoy and worry him all day,
far off her presence shines, and he whis
pers to himself, "At home I shall find
rest." So day by day she literally renews
his strength and energy, and if 'you know
a man wiiu a prosperous ousiness, in nine
cases out of ten you will find his wife of i
Valuable Land for Sale.
By virtue of a Deed of Mortgage executed to
me by E. Lewis and wife Caroline H. Lwis, and
recorded in the Register s Office of Mecklenburg
county, Book 8, Page 12, 1 will at 12 o'clock, M.,
on Monday tne 13th day or March, 1882, at the
Court House door in Charlotte, N. C, offer for
sale at public auction, to the highest bidder, for
cash, that valuable tract of LAND whereon the
grantors now reside, lying in said county, on the
line oi tne A... T. & O. Itailroacl. containing one
1 1 J . .1 . r ,,.-
uunureu anu sixiy-nve iiooi acres. Known as
"Oak Grove," and more fully described in said
A. L. ALEXANDER. Mortirairee.
R. D. Graham, Attorney.
reo. iu, mz. rw
By virtue of a Mortgage Deed executed bv
Wm. F. Beatty and wife, to Robert Gibbon, for
certain purposes therein mentioned, and regis
tered in tne Kegister ot Deeds office in Mecklen
burg county, N. C, Book 25, page 98, 1 will sell
at the Court House door in the City of Charlotte,
on the (Kb day of March, 1882, at 12 M., the
Property located in the City of Charlotte on
Church street, and adjoining the property of J.
D. Northey, 8. Wittkowsky and Milton Aydlotte,
and known as the Wm. a. Beatty Home-place
There is on the premises a comfortable Dwelling,
out-buildings, and good Well of Water. Terms
cash. ROBERT GIBBON,
Feb. 10, 1882. 4w Mortgagee.
By virtue of a Mortgage executed to me by
.James Boyd, to secure a bill of costs in the In
ferior Court, I will expose to sale on the 6th day
ot March, 1883, at the (Jourt House door in Char
lotte, the House and Lot near the old Fair
Grounds, known as the Jim Boyd property.
P. H. PHELAN, Trustee
For further particulars apply to W. W. Flem-
Feb. 10, 1882. 4w
By virtue of the power contained in a Deed of
Mortgage executed to the undersigned by S. F.
Houston and wife, they will expose to sale on
Monday, the 6th day of March, 1882, the House
and Lot on the corner of Eighth and Pine streets,
known as the Houston property, lerms made
known on day of sale.
WM. M. SH1PP.
W. W. FLEMMING,
Feb. 10, 1882. 4w Trustees.
By virtue of an order of the Superior Court for
Polk county, North Carolina, in the matter of
W. W. Flemming, Administrator of J. C. Mills,
vs. Mary M. Cureton and others, 1 will offer at
Public Sale the LANDS belonging to the estate
of the late J. C. Mills, on the first Monday in
March, (the 6th day.) 1882, at the Court House
door in the county of Polk.
Terms Two and a half per ceDt cash, balance
on twelve months credit, with note and approved
security, with interest at six per cent from day of
The above Lands are situated in Polk county,
within one mile ot the bpartanburg and Ashe
ville Railroad, on the Pacolet River, and are very
desirable for agriculture. About 150 acres of fine
bottom Land. For further particulars address,
W. W. FLEMMING. Adm'r., .fee.,
Feb. 3, 1882. 5w Charlotte, N. C.
Bv virtue of the power given in a Deed dated
the 21st day of April 1881, executed by Alfred
Stokes and Susan Stokes, his wife, duly recorded
in the office of the Register of Deeds for Meck
lenburg county, I will expose to sale at the Court
House door in the citv of Charlotte, on the 6th
day of March, 1882, the House and lot of Land at
liiddle Institute, known as tne property oi saiu
Alferd Stokes. Terms, cash.
L. W. PERDUE.
Feb. 3, 1882. 5w
I will sell for cash, at the Court House door,
in the city of Charlotte, on Monday, the 27th day
of February, 1882, to satisfy executions in my
hands, the following described ueal Estate viz
One Tract of Land in Steele Creek Township, ad-
ioinincr the lands of Mrs. M. J. .Lewis, M. it.
Kobinson and otners : Boiu as me rroperiy oi
. ... m i -i - v. a. c
W. W. Robinson.
Also, to satisfy executions in my hands, and to
satisfy executions ior taxes, tue iouowiug in
scribed Keal Jfistate: a. jonnsion mieresi
n the Tract of Land known as the McGinn Gold
Mine, adjoining the lands of John Jamison, John
Ewing, J. W. Wadswortn ana otners.
M. E. ALiEi AA.JX UYA,
Sheriff of Mecklenburg county, N. C.
Jan. 27, 1882. 5w
Having qualified as administrator on the estate
of Thomas J. Ualdweii, aeceasea, on tne ou uuy
of February, 1882, I hereby notify all persons
indebted to said estate to come forward and set
tle, and those havin? claims szainst said estate
to nresent the same for payment on or before the
10th dv of Feb. 1883. or this notice will be
pleaded in bar of their recovery.
JOSEPH M. WILSON,
Adm'r of T. J. Caldwell.
Feb. 10, 1882. Owpd
WILL BE OPENED
On the 5th instant.
TIDDY & BRO.
Feb. 3, 1882.
Having qualified as administrator on the estate
of the late Joseph H. Irwin, on the 7th day of
ifW2 1 herebv notify all persons in
debted to said estate to come forward and settle,
and those having claims against said estate are
hereby notified to present the same for payment
on or before the 15th day of January, 1883, or
will be pleaded in
ded in bar of their re-
Jan. 13, 1882. 6wpd
Are regarded by all as Standard. We hive just
received a supply for our prescription counter.
WILSON & BURWELL.
An Appeal to the Heart.
Is there one heart bowed down with care,
That needs scarce more to break it?
Oh, if one word that heart will cheer,
Brother, speak it !
Is there one soul pressed to the grave,
With death and sin to crave it ?
Oh, if a helping hand will save,
Brother save it !
Is there one wretch now hungering for
The bread that would relieve it ?
When but a loaf will give succor,
Brother give it !
Are there sad hearts now dimmed with tear,
That ask some one to clear them ?
Does some soul cry, when prest with fear?
Brother hear them !
Is there some life that bears its cross,
And all too weak to bear it ?
Count not the sharing all a loss;
Brother, share it !
Is there reward for kind deeds done,
Vouchsafed by Love Infinite ?
O brother, while it may be won,
Brother, win it !
How Artificial Teeth are Hade.
A reporter of the Star recently visited
a factory in this city where false teeth
are made by the million. In the process
ot manutacture the sucx and feldspar in
their crude state are submitted to a red
heat, and then suddenly thrown into cold
water, the effect being to render them
more easily pulverized. Having been
ground very fine in water and the water
evaporated, the two materials mentioned
are dried and silted. The kaolinc is wash
ed free from impurities. These materials.
with feldspar, sponge, ulatina. and flux in
proper proportion ior the enamel, are
mixed witn water and worked into masses
resembling putty. Thisdone.the unbaked
porcelain masses are ready for the mould
ing room, lhe moulds are in two pieces,
and are made of brass, one-half the teeth
or sections being on either side. The col
oring materials are first placed in the exact
position and quantity required, and the
body oi the tooth and the gum is inserted
in lumps corresponding to the size of the
teeth. The moulds are then closed, and
they are dried by a slow heat. When
perfectly dry they are taken out and sent
to the trimmers room. The trimmers re-
it" r . i i.i
move an irapeiiections, and send tnem in
trays of fire clay to the furnace, where,
having remained for twenty minutes they
are complete. Wilmington (Del.) Star.
Rheumatism Relieved by Vaccina
tion. As an instance ot the "new appli
cation of old remedies." it may be men
tioned, says the "index-Appeal Peters
burg, that a lady of this city who has
suffered constantly and severely with rheu
matism for many months past, has been
almost entirely relieved ot her sunvnngs
by vaccination. As scon as her vac
cination had taken well, the rheumatic
suffering began to decrease, and continued
to decrease as recovery from the effects of
the propbylatic progressed, until now she
is almost entirely restored to natural
health; and, whereas, she was lately in al
most constant bodily pain, and could
scarcely move without some suffering she
now enjoys delightful ease. If vaccination
can be proved to be a cure ior rheumatism,
as well as a preventive ot small-pox, the
discovery will be hailed with joy and
gladness by many thousands. Let the
matter be investigated by the faculty and
We are now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock
Containing all the latest styles and qualities of
Ladies', Misses and Children's
Hats and Bonnets.
Also, all the novelties for trimming: Feathers,
Flowers, Ribbons, Silk, Flashes, Satins, Orna
Also, our usual large and attractive stock of
White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Neck Wear,
Gloves and Hosiery, Corsets, Shawls Cloaks,
Skirts, &c. Another large stock of Ladies Mus
lin Underwear just received, that we are offering
at very low prices.
Oct. 14, 1881. . MKB. f. UiSKI.
A A. GASTON,
And Bouse Furnishing Goods,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
He keeps the largest stock of 8toves and Tin-
Ware ever offered in this market. $100 reward
will be paid to any party that ever sold a larger
or heavier Stove than the "Barley Sheaf." I have
sold the "Barlev Sheaf" for eleven years.
Call at my Store under Central Hotel building,
and examine my stocK.
tW Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware manufactured
to order, and all Repairing promptly executed.
Feb 1. 1881. A. A. WAaiun.
Reduction in Winter Goods.
All Fall and Winter Goods will be sold at great
reduction to make room for Spring purchases.
Now is the time to buy
Blankets, Comfortables, Overcoats, Cloaks, Jack
ets, Dolmans, heavy Boots and Shoes.
We have a bareain counter for Dress Goods,
on wnicn you win nna o cent, uouun tteiuug
-m t a r- a. jf 1 1 1
rapidly at 16 cents. A call will convince you
we mean every word m this advertisement.
T. L. SEIGLE CO.
Jan. 13, 1881.
Trees for Delivery.
My trees are now ready for delivery, opposite
Mr. Allen Cruse's residence, on Tryon street, be
tween 5th and 6th. A fine lot of Trees, Plants,
Flowers and Flower Seed on hand. Anything
in my line furnished on short notice.
T. W. SPARROW,
Tiec. 9. 1881. Charlotte, N. C
Turkeys and Geese, the highest price paid by
S. M. HOWELL.
New Times Compared with the Old.
Surely the women to-day, of all classes
and conditions have reasons for thankful
ness not only for household conveniences,
labor-saving machinery, and a thousand
wide-open avenues oi honorable support
where once were none but also in the
matter of personal adorning. Think of it,
ye dainty dames, robed in materials that
rival the rainbow s hues, than which Solo
mon in all his glory was never so arrayed.
how Martha Washington was proud to
own two dresses of'domestic manufacture
"composed of cotton and stiped with silk;
the silken stripe in the fabric being woven
from the ravelings of worn silk stockings
and old crimson chair-covers!" At a ball
given in her honor in New Jersey, the
first President's wife appeared "in a russet
stuff gown, with a white kerchief around
her neck." How does this compare with
the trailing velvets, embroidered satins,
and foamy laces that the Jenkinses of to
day are called upon to chronicle? As well
as the first "First Lady" compared fti
some other respect with the wives of later
Presidents. It seems sacrilegious to hint
it, but the truth is that Madame Washing
ton could spin much better than she could
spell. Personally she was a fair represen
tative of the average American maiden of
the eighteenth century, for in her tune,
whatever superior educational advantages
may be boasted of to-day, New England
utterly ignored the education of women.
They were shut out even from the Boston
High school because they had flocked to
it in such numbers in pursuit of knowledge.
hue Massachusetts boys went to Har
vard, or were sent across the sea to be ed
ucated, the girls were self-taught if taught
at all. Massachusetts had no right to boast
over the Old Dominion in those days. The
daughters of the cavalier were ofteuer
taught to dance and play the spinnett
than the daughters of the Puritans. The
homely virtues and moral rectitude ot
Martha Washington are ULclouded, but
her greatest claim to veneration is due to
the accident of marriage. While the af
fairs of the Mount Vernon estate, to their
minutest detail, were superintended by
General V. ashiugton himself in addition to
his cares ot state, Mrs. Washington super
intended her hand maidens and spinning-
wheels. Looms were constantly at work
in her house, and her husband at his first
inauguration wore a full suit of home-spun
cloth woven under her eyes. lhe histo
rian tells us that in Philadelphia and Jsew
Yoik, where she held her grand levees,
she always sat in state instead of fatiguing
her limbs by hours of standing. The
guests stood instead, and the President
passed around among them, speaking
politely to each one, but never shaking
hands, airs, ilemrner says: It was re
served to a later generation to shake that
poor member till it has to be poulticed
after official greetings." When the clock's
hand pointed to ten, Madame Washing
ton arose with affable dignity, and bow
ing to all, retired, leaving her guests to do
likewise. "With this action, says the
authoress aforesaid, "it was unnecessary
to repeat the announcement which she
made at the first levee held by her in JNew
York, viz: 'General Washington retires at
ten o clock, aud 1 usually precede him.
Good night.' "
n English manufacturer who break
fasted with the President's family in 1794
says: "1 was struck with awe and ven
eration when I recollected that I was now
in the presence of the great Washington,
the noble and wise benefactor of the
world. Mrs. Washington her
self made tea and coffee for us. On the
table were two small plates of sliced
tongue and dry toast; but no broiled fish,
as is the custom here, she struck me as
being somewhat older than the President,
thouerh I understood both were born in
the same year. She was extremely si in
pie in her dress, and wore a very plain
cap.with her gray hair turned up under it."
We are told how the wile ot another
President informed some distinguished
potentate that "the General kicked the
kivers off last night and I cotched cold:"
and how. at one of the Presidential ban
quets, Mrs. Madison offered Mr. Clay a
much ot siiun irom her box. taking one
herself. She then put her hand in her
pocket and drew out an old red bandana
i ji i. i, u ....l,,wl i,,-,..
handkerchief which she applied to her
nose, and said: "Mr. Clay, this is for
rough work; and this" (alluding to her
lace bordered square ot cambric ) "is my
nohsher." Another story told ot Mrs.
Madison illustrates her kindness of heart;
'Two plain old ladies from the West,
halting in Washington tor a single nig nt,
m m m TTT W 1 W .
yet most anxious to behold the xr resident s
famous and popular wife, meeting an old
gentleman on the street, timidly asked
him to show them the way to the Presi
dent's house. Happening to be an ac
quaintance of Mrs. Madison, he conducted
them to tne .executive mansion. ine
. . ts . m m mi
President's family were at breakfast, but
Mrs. Madison good naturedly came out,
wearing a dark gray dress, with a white
. .a a tiK;0f nnnaA rnnH
apron and a linen kerchief pinned around
her neck. Not overcome by her plumage,
and set at ease by her welcome, when
they rose to depart, one said: "P'raps
you wouldn i mind it 1 jest kissed you, to
tell my gals about? Mrs. Madison, not
to be outdone, kissed each ot her guests,
who planted their spectacles on their
noses with delight and then departed."
A lady gives the following picture of
life in the White House in the early, part
of Jackson's administration: "The large
parlor was scantily furnished; there
was light from the chandeliers, and a
blazing fire in the grate; four or five ladies
sewing around it Mrs. Donelson, Mrs.
Andrew Jackson, jr., and Mrs. Edward
Livingston. Five or six children were
playing about, regardless of documents or
work-baskets. At the further end of the
room sat the President in bis arm
chair, wearing a long, loose coat, and
smoking a long reed pipe with a bowl of
red clay combining the dignity of the
patriarch, monarch, and Indian chief. Just
behind was Ld ward Livingston, thebecre-
I ' f CtntA vaoinrv o rlians tsli fpnm t Ka
"j " -- ",-'. -
French minister on foreign affairs. The
ladies glance admiringly now and then at
the President, who listens, waving his
pipe toward the children when they be
come too boisterous."
But we haven't space to repeat all the
tales that are told of successive occupants
of the old house since the days when
Abigail Adams dried her weekly wash in
the East Room.
Twenty-Three Millions Defieieney.
Congress Asked to Appropriate this Sum to
Make up the Shorts in the Accounts Two Mil
lions more to be Added.
Secretary Folger has transmitted to
Congress the estimate of the deficiencies
in the various Departments for the fiscal
year ending June 30, 1882. He asks for
$23,159,690.81. To this will be added
about $800,000 required for Defrees and
his printing office, and about $1,000,000
for other purposes, which either the House
or the Senate committees will stick on.
thus swelling the deficiency of this present
fiscal year up to $25,000,000.
Here are some ot the items : The Depart
ment ot the Interior had $220,000 given
them for their printing for this year ; De
frees has used all this, and now $58,350
more is needed.
The State Department wants $8,337.44
to finish paying up the Yorktown spree.
They had $20,900. They want. $2,000
for their contingent, and $22,000 for con
suls. They had $578,500. and want $31.-
$4,762 is wanted for Alex Ramsey. Thos.
L. Young, and S. O. Houghton, who went
to San Francisco to see what Frank Page
had discovered wrong about the mint.
By the way, Young is a Congressman
from Ohio, and as such, from the 4th of
last March, receives $5,000 a year. He is
down for a salary of $1,000 out ot this
$4,762. The law says no one can receive
two salaries from the Government. Look
sharp, Governor xoung.
then the Mint Bureau wants $25,000 for
one thing or another.
lhe Internal Revenue Bureau wants
$70,000 more to make up deficiencies.
lhe Coast and Oeodetic Survey re
quires 40,000 more. They have had
They want $24,420 more for the paper
on which greenbacks are printed. They
have spent $25,000.
ror the fuel, light, and water for public
buildings they ask for $156,000. They
have had $450,000.
The B ish Commissioners ask for $77,000.
Fhey have had $198,000.
$5,000 is needed to finish paying for
the draping of the Department buildings
at tne time ot the death ot Fresident Oar-
$360,000 is required to pay back import
ers money wrongfully paid to custom of
The Secretary of War wants $2,500 for
his contingent fund.
52,000 more is needed for mileage to
lhe Quartermasters department cries
aloud for $400,000 in addition to the
$4,000,000 already given.
$125,000 is required to pay the land-
grant railroads their 50 per cent, of freight
West Point asks for $27,000 additional
to their quarter of a million.
lhe men of the military telegraph lines
need $9,000, or they 11 get no more sol
Amount required to pay balance due
officers and soldiers for bounty and pay
mi -i-v i
lhe .wavy uepanment asks lor various
deficiencies, amounting in all to $30,
The Interior Department needs $5,500
They want $50,000 to photo-lithograph
patents, etc., and $30,000 to finish the
cases at the National Museum.
The Freedman's Hospital needs $3,000
in addition to the $42,000 already
lhe Fublic Land bervice asks for $85,
000 in addition to the $1,500,000 already
The Indian Bureau asks, in a long de
tailed account, for $980,575, in addition to
the $30,000,000 regularly given.
Army Pensions. Under this head, $20,
000,000 is required to pay up for 1878 to
The Po8toffice Department asks for $28,-
525 to pay steamship companies for carry
ing the mails. Ibis in addition to the
$225,000 already expended. This Depart
ment needs f 1,349.79 to pay newspapers
iated t once
tor advertising, inis should De appro-
appropriated for mail
service: $13,000 more is
The Department of Justice got $2,225
800 for this year. They must have $287,-
509.98, or the wheels of justice stop
When the deficiency bill comes before
the Houge anJ Senate there wiu be added
a C0Upie 0f mil lie
couple of millions to the above estimates,
making the amount required about $25,-
The Law of Finding.
The law of finding is this : The finder
has a clear title against the whole world
except the owner. The proprietor of a
railroad car, a coach, or of a shop, has no
right to the property which may be found
. u:- c..-u
upon his premises. Such proprietors may
make regulation in regard to lost property
which will bind their employees, but they
cannot bind the public.
The law of finding was declared by the
King's Bench 100 years ago, in a case in
which the facts were these : A person found
a wallet containing a sum ot money on a
-I a TT A . U ,.1U anil
content, to th. .hop-koepor to be retomed
, the owner. Alter ..fee yenre, . d.ri.g
which the owner did not call for his pro-
perty. the under demanded the
from the shop-keeper. The latter refused
to deliver them on the grounds that tbey
were found on his premises. The former
then sued the shopkeeper, and it was held
as above set forth, that against all the
world but the owner the title of the finder
is perfect. And the finder has been held
to stand in the place of the owner, so that
he was -permitted to prevail in an action
against a person who found an article
which the plaintiff had originally found,
but subsequently lost.
lhe police have no special rights iu
are conferred by statute. Receivers of
articles found ml trustees fortbe owner or
f, tk. finW Thv ha. nowrin
T , r :Ii . i . .
" - , j Ii
thpfirukrhastn rptaln an article aerainst
The word piety ocean bat once in
What Foods are Most Economical?
With an advance of twenty to one hun
dred per cent and more, in the price of
Biapm ioous, me aoove is now a most lm-
portant questiou to over forty millions of
our people, and one of much interest of
to seven or eight millions more. Probsbly
there are two millions who take no
thought or care as to the cost of their
daily diet. Meats, flour, potatoes, corn
meal and milk, are the main articles of "
sustenance for the great masses. Fish.
rice, beans and oat meal (recently) with
lesser amounts of some other articles, are
consumed; but these altogether do not, we
judge, constitute one-tenth of the food of
the entire people, perhaps not more than
five or six per cent.
Dried or smoked beef, ham and cheese.
rank higb, but dried fish outranks all
others. The nutritive value of dried cod
fish is remarkable, and it deserves special
attention, one hundred pounds of it sup
plying as much nutriment as three
hundred and forty-one pounds of beef ! It
is cheap and abundant everywhere, be
cause very portable, and easily kept. It
yields labor sustaining aliment at from
one-niuth the cost of beef in different sec
tions of the country. It is easily digesti
ble and if properly freshened and cooked
it can be made palatable and acceptable
to a very large class needing to practice
At the average price of beans these are
the cheapest strength sustaining of all
direct products ot the soil, if not charred
or hardened in baking. The drought has
greatly diminished the yield and the
present price is high, but they are still
lhe occupation of any class of persons
has much to do with deciding the most
economical foods. It is estimated that in
a temperate climate an average man needs
each twenty-four hours, simply to sustain
life without increasing his weight, about
eleven and a half ounces of heat-producing
and four and a quarter ounces of flesh
forming foods. Laborers and those put
ting forth much exertion need most of the
flesh forming food, such as lean meats of all
kinds, eggs, cheese, hsb, beans, peas, oat
meal, bread, cabbage, roots, etc.
Those exposed to cold need more of the
heat producing foods, as fat meats corn-
meal and generally those articles contain
ing large amounts of oil or starch, or
both, of sugar, etc. American Agricul-
What to Call Her.
W hen a woman addresses her partner with
gushes of affection, as "Hubby," or "My
dearest hubby," he may possibly like it if
he can bear it, but most men would like
to bear almost anything else. One fears
that different terms of address may follow,
which represent another mood. On the
other hand, when a man addresses his
spouse as " Wifee, it is almost impossible
to avoid thinking of "doggy," and there
is an unpleasant feeling of sickness at
hearing the work. But when one hears a
husband address his wife as "Queenie,"
which is said to be the word used by one
of the most distinguished authors of New
England in addressing his better half, it
seems as if the wife had her proper place
in his affections. The word is expressive;
it grants the superiority of woman ; i ra
th rones her in his home. Uuite in con
trast is the reserved tone in many house
holds. It is always "Mr. Smith" and "Mrs.
Smith," and one fears constantly that he
may disturb the dignity of that house.
Such severe propriety, however, can hard
ly endure innovations of children. It is
((mamma" an1 crara" txrnih arhfton nnfi'a
feelings, and then they grow into the re
respectable terms, "father" and "mother,"
until the wife calls her husband "lather,"
and the husband calls his wife "mother."
When there are no children and it is al
ways "Mr." and "Mrs." there is a skeleton
in the household, and love has escaped
through the window, like Noah's dove, in
search of a new life. Then there are the
severally homely terms which one finds in
use by Charley's father toward bis wife,
the woman saying "my man," or simply
t'mon " ti Vinalion A oilflroefiliitf tlm nnrt-
LUWtJ, HIU II I l.ll 11 .. V I . , wu. I
ner of his toils simply as "wife" or "wo
man," and yet when there is a smile on
the hardy faces, the words are wonder
fully freighted with meaning. After all,
there is nothing like simplicity and hon
esty between husband and wife. Boston
How Macaroni Got its Name.
Macaroni is eaten with relish equally
by all civilized European people. At the
commencement or the close of a dinner, in
the character of sweet or of savory alike,
it is deservedly as popular without as with
in the frontiers of its native land. But the
incident which originally gave it its name
$ we Tentttre P.1"5 Jg" fe f
those-even in Simly, its birthplace--wbo
hold it in the highest esteem. Once upon
a time a wealthy Palermitan noble owned
a cook, not only accomplished beyond com
pare in the practice of his profession, but
gifted by nature with an inventive genius.
One day, in a rapture of culinary composi
tion, this great artist devised the farinace
ous tubes which all love so well, and the
succulent accessories of rich sauce and
fci1 tR PS
Southern Italy. Having filled a mighty
china bowl with this delicious compound,
he set it before his lord a gourmet of the
first water and stood by, in deferential
attitude to watch the effect of his experi
ment. The first mouthful elicited the
ejaculation "Cari!" idiomaiicaUy-equiva-
lent to "excellent" in .English, lrom the
illustrious epicure. After swallowing a
second modicum, he exclaimed, "Ma, can !
or "Excellent, indeed V Jfreseutly, as the
flavor of the toothsome mess grew upon
him, his enthusiasm rose to even higher
flights, and he cried out, in a voice tremul-
ous with joyful emotion, "Ma, caroni !"
superlatively excellent ! In paying th is
verbal tribute to the merits of bis cook s
discovery, be unwitt ngly bestowed a name
I upon that admirable preparation which
has stuck to it ever since. London Tele-
tm If the feathery gills of a small
perch could be unfolded and spread out,
' tbey would cover nearly a square yard.
"I Beg Your Pardon.'
civil word is the cheapest thing in
the world, and yet it is a thing which the
young and happy rarely give to their in-
feriors. See the effect oi civilitv on a ronh
little street boy ! The other evening a
young lady abruptly turned the corner
and rail against a boy who was small, and
ragged, and freckled. Stopping as soon
as she could, she turned to him and said.
W m v
i oeg your pardon ; indeed, 1 am very
sorry." lhe small, ragged aud freckled
boy looked up in blank amazement for an
instant ; then taking off. about three
fourths of a cap, he bowed very low, smiled
until his face became lost in the smile, and
answered, "You can hev my parding, and
welcome, miss ; and yer may run agin
me and knock me clean down, an' I won't
eay a word." After the young lady
passed on he turned to a comrade and said,
half apologetically, "I never had any one
to ask my parding, and it kind o' took me
off my feet."
A Street Car Which Carries Its
Track. The Chioago Times gives a dis
cription of a street car which carries its
own track introduced in that city by a
company which claims to have a capital
stock of $1,000,000, and whose object is
to build one thousand of these cars and
place them upon the streets of Chicago.
The car, which is of the ordinary kind, is
mounted in the middle upon a truck
which sits on four wheels run around the
inside of two steel tiers, each ten feet in
diameter, and which rest upon the ground,
and are held only to the car by a set
of wheel clamps. The car is designed to
hold fifty people, and the owners claim
that the more it carries the easier it runs.
It will be stopped in the usual manner,
and two horses will be required to pull it.
The owners say that they intend putting
the cars upon the principal streets of the
city, and plaoing the cash fare at lour
cents and selling thirty rides for $1.
Ridden 125,000 Miles. Says the War
renton, Va. .correspondent of the Baltimore
"Sun" : The mail-rider between Warren
ton Fauquier county, and Washington,
Rappahannock county, Ya., is an old man
named James liar re! I, who has been riding
mail for thirty years past. A calculation
shows that on his present route since early
in 1865 Harrell has ridden at least 125,000
miles, or a distance equal to five times
around the globe. His route is twenty-five
miles long, and he makes it both
ways three time a week. He is generally
mounted on an old rawbonc horse, and it
is marvelous the number of packages the
old rider carries besides his big mail-bag.
He will undertake to carry anything he
can get on bis horse and it is a fact that
be once carried some distance on his route
a small cooking stove and about sixteen
feet of stovepipe.
A Painful Foot. A Welsh lady
named Broderick, when a child of 10 or 12,
stepped upon some glass, by which the
sole of oce of her feet was filled with the
broken pieces, which were, however (as
supposed at the lime), all extracted. A
few weeks since she began to have a sore
ness in the foot, which increased until it
became necessary to consult a physician
Dr. S. R. Baker who, upon pressing his
finger upon a certain place, found a hard
spot which was very sensible to the touch.
An incision was made, and a piece of glass
over an inch long and three-quarters of an
inch wide at the base, tapering to a sharp
point, was snugly hiddeu under the bones
of the instep, where it bad probably lain
for nearly or quite fifty years. Neto
Haven Journal and Courier.
It is generally the case that the
most faulty find the most fault. Those
who write the poorest generally expect it
to be read and printed the clearest of mis
takes. Those who do the least for others
are generally the ones that expect others
to do the most for them. Those who have
the least religion themselves are generally
the ones who berate others for a lack of
f5ff" Reports from Patrick county, Va.,
are to the effect that there is much suffer
ing there amongst the poorer classes in
consequence of tne scarcity of breadstuff's,
caused by last Summer's drought. It is
also said that the supervisors of the coun
ty are asking permission of the Legisla
ture to purchase supplies and sell them to
KST A colored man poisoned his band
while working in a tannery in Sandy
Creek, Oswego county, N. Y., recently.
One day last week his little finger pained
him considerably, and without waiting
for a doctor, be cat it off himself with a
knife and some scissors. The band is now
The cultivation of the sweet-
scented violet is pursued nowhere with
such ardor and success as in Hamburg.
Many persons have from 2000 to 3000
pots. The flowers bloom the year through
and attain extraordinary size aud fra-
The peppermint crop of the United
States reaches about 70,000 pounds a year,
of which 30,000 pounds are exported.
Two-thirds of the peppermint oil of this
country is produced in New York, and
about one-third in Michigan.
When a young man for the first
time omits the prayer he promised his
mother to make before going to sleep at
nignt, a aownwara siep is laaen oy
J Don't take that step.
fg Take a cup of cream off the milk
pana e Vcry morning when you make
fcread . jt wm make the bread moist,
wbite and delicate, and yon will hardly
migg jt from tne cream.
Ct'Kious. Take the initial letters of
Chester A. Arthur and James A. Garfield
thus, C. A. A. J. A. G. now cut out
all the A.'s and we have left the initials
C. J. G. Charles J. Guiteau !
tST" Australia imported English spar
rowe to kill worms, but it found the birds
I are the worst pest of the two, and boun
ties are offered for their destruction.