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Uoyotcro Apnclies No. 11.
The religious belief of these In
dians is similar to the well known
religion of most Indians. It is he
Heved that there are two trails af
ter deathone for the good and
virtuous leading to the happy
hunting grounds, the other lor
the wicked leading to a pit of boil-!
ing water into which the traveler
steps unconsciously when.all there
after is oblivion..
TheiB superstitions are many and
of the most absurd nature. A few
are herewith given. Lightning
is never spoken of among them,
bears are held in great dread and
are not even mentioned, even
though a bear hunt may be in
prospect among them, snakes are
considered as sacred and are never
killed. A medicine man will
sometimes capture a rattlesnake
and bring it into a village, the by.
standers look at it and say " good,
good and allow it to crawl away
unmolested.. Dogs are held in
great esteem and it is owing to
this fact that there are such packs
of wolfish repulsive looking curs
found in every village : they are
never abusive towards or about a
jackass or a mule,, with the horse
it is different, as nothing can sur
pass the brutality with which
they treat this poor animal.
The superstitions in regard to
water, fish, and evil spirits at
night have already been mention
ed. Sometimes during an epi
demic a person, generally a wom
an, will be suspected and accused
as 'the cause of it; she will be
charged with having taken some
of the viscera of a dead relation,
and, after burning them, of hav
ing scattered the ashes about and
thus propagated the disease, she
u usually tacrificed to the popular
fury as were the witches accused
of witchcraft in earlier days in New
England. Many other of their
superstitions might be cited, but
the above it is hoped will convey
a good idea of them in this les
pect Their traditions are most visi
onary and incomplete; as they
have no record of time it is almost
impossible to obtain a clue to their
origin or of the land from whence
they earner the past is to them
bat a dim vista in which the oc
curring events seem as distorted
dreams. Not one of them can tell
his age. Parents do not know
the ages of their children. They
say they came here many years
since from towards New Mexico,
that the Navajoes, now their he
reditary enemies, belonged to the
same race as they but for some
reason settled in New Mexico;
thattbey themselves were going
further than this, but a Coyote
told them they must not go be
yond the River Prieto, a small
river to the southward. Co
yote may have been the name of
their chief at that time. Other
traditions are given but are of
such an. obscure and ridiculous
nature, that they do not merit re
petition. There being no religious forms
or customs among these people
there are consequently no feasts
or festivals, they have social ga
therings which take place at
night in the open air, and at
which their national dances are
These open-air balls have been
witnessed on several occasions by
the writer. The scenes presented
at them are weird and unique in
the extreme; a huge fire is built
of pine logs and around this the
men form a large circle, some sit
ting and others standing; an open
ing is left formgress and egress;
tne women and children are
grouped in families around small
er fires built on the outskirts of
The music is composed of eight
or ten male voices uniting in a
solemn monotonous chant with a
dull drum accompaniment; the
musical strains are short and each
is emphasized by a single lap on
the drum which serves also to
keep time. The music having
begun the females, for the most
part maidens, make up pairs
among themselves and one of
each pair runs up and touches the
man with whom they wish to
dance, he on being touched, fol
lows her and i&conducted to her
partner; the three now arrange
themselves bv ioininjr hands the
man in the middle and looking
in one direction,, the two females
one on either side facing in an
opposite direction; in this way
they move backwards and for
wards for a distance of fifteen to
twenty feet.keeping time by a se
ries of mincing steps to the music.
At a flourish of the drum the music
ceases, and the set is ended, the
females running in an unceremo-
nions manner back to their fires;
this dance may take place within
the circle or out side of it.
After a while the music changes
in character by becoming more
animated and emphatic. The
family dancing now ceases and
two or three men, in costume to
represent evil spirits make their
appearance. They are greeted
with loud cries and yells; their
faces concealed with masks, their
heads ornamented with immense
wooden horns, their almost naked
bodies decked with cedar, and
holding wooden daggers in their
hands; they circle one after the
other around the fire keeping step
to the music, contorting their
bodies and throwing their arms
about. They are cheered by the
audience which stimulates them
to renewed exertions and this in
turn excites the audience. It is
now that the scene becomes inter
esting. The wild and furious
movements of the dancers, the
excited countenances of the spec
tators made hideous by bright
paint and lurid reflection from
the fire, and their fantastic cos
tumes, the solemn chanting of the
singers and the unearthly yells
which go up from every side, fur
nish a spectacle which is not soon
The following from the Los An
geles Herald may prove of inter
est to our readers as showing that
all in that city are not so inimical
to Arizona, and to Yuma, as is the
"The conversation had by our
reporter with Col. J. M. Barney
gives a very encouraging account
of the protpects or mining ana
other development in Arizona.
We in Los Augeles have every
reason to sympathize with pro
erress in that Territory. It is em
phatically our " baeir country "
and Los Angeles will eventually
be the center of the mining inter
ests developed there. 'Hie era
of scant bullion shipments from
that territory has evidently been
gathered, as au alms of oblivion,
into the wallet of time. Lnerge
tic movement will hereafter be
chronicled from every quarter of
that wonderful and peculiar land.
Col. Barney has keen one of the
pioneers of its development, and
to him it is largely indebted for
its favorable status to day. We
hear of ajid chronicle with plea
sure any details which show that
the magic words " open sesame "
are being spoken iu front of its
mystic treasure house. An ex
perienced miner, in no wise iu
terested in the yilver King, the
other day told us that mine was,
in his opinion, the most wonder
ful lode on the American contin
ent. The fine results being: achiev
ed in it win ne a stimulus to mi
ning efibit throughout the whole
" We thus have the extraordi
nary spactacle of a mine which
has as yet only been opened to a
depth of Uvo hundred and fifty
feet yeilding a quantity of ore so
large and so rich that, with what
has been already sold, and with
what is now on the dumps a gen
tleman who purchased a half in
terest in it at an outlay of $300,000
is already reimbursed and guar
anteed a large profit besides.
This is unique event in the his
tory of mining development."
The Mexican and California
Oyster Co. has filed its articles of
incorporation at Kan Francisco.
The object is growing smd selling
oysters, $200,000 Capital; there are
five directors. Those now gather
ed about Guaymas merit their at
tention being a fine variety that
can be improved by care and cultivation.
Cor. of Third Street and
Wholesale and Retail Dealer
PliO VISIONS, .
"WOES Ami LIQUORS,
BOOTS & SHOES, Etc., Etc.
ALSO PINOLE, PANOCHA & CHILE
Always on hand.
Prices as Jow as any etorfc JnTown
37-tf. A. LORETTE
GILA CITY STATION.
Twenty-two miles from Yuma on the Gila
The beBtqualit7 of HAY and GRAIN
keptconstantly on hand.
The table is not surpassed by any in the
Term tory lor
Good Square Meals,
and the Station is now furnished with
Nice Clean Beds.
Particular attention paid to the comfort of
Passengers aid Travelers.
March 31. 2,n-
I would respectfully notify my friend's
and the public in general, that I have
OPENED A SALOON
SSuuiboU's Large Building!
ON MAIN STREET,
And intend to keep it in the BEST STYLE
The best quality of
Wines, Liquors & Gi&ars
Will always be found here and at the low
Gentlemen who visit ray saloon may be
assured of kind treatment. I am deter
Preserve Good OJ'de?',
And make this a place of PLIJAdANT
aCESUKT. bo coiuo and see me.
G It AN D OPENING!
LOEi) fc WILLIAMS
Tucson, A. T.,
Will dicplay fur public inspection one ol
Largest nd Most Attractive Stocks
Ever before brought to this market.
THE GREAT EASTERN SHOW OF
NEW GOODS. 7
They have arranged to have arrive Monthly,
a complete ussortmeut ol suuh goods as the
people of Arizona may want, ami they can
sell them at
Wholesale and Retail)
CHEAPER than they can be afforded
from any other Market, unt except
ing tho much extolled Guaymas
We have taken especial pains to import
tine goods, such as we can warrant, and in
the lino of
JVice I7ri?igs to Eat,
We have endeavored to cater to the tastes
We have a complete stock of
Gents1 Furnishing Goods,
Hardware and Cutlery,
Carpels, Gum Goods,
DRUGS AND MEDICINES,
Roots and Shoes, Crockery.
Groceries and Provisions,
and a complete assortment of SUTLERS
EcPCIoBe buyers will find it to their ad
vantage to examine our goods and prices
before purchasing elsewhere.
jalo-tf. LORD & WILLIAMS.
Waterman and Drayman !
Would reEpeotfuIly notify the citizens of
Yuma that he is prepared to tarnish
Promptly, to any part of the City, at
7TSZTAZ H A 2 J2 S 3
On condition that every person receiving
water pay for it promptly
At the Expiration of Each Month,
and notice is hereby given, that any per
son FAILING TO SO VAY, WILL UKCEIVE
NO MOUE WATER 1'KOM ME.
Yuma, July 10th, 1875. tf.
ESTABLISHED 1870, HV
J. S. MANSFIELD.
OF TUCSON. - - ARIZONA
The Best Brands of Cigars and VT o
baco always on Hand.
'E35 Orders (or Dooks and Paper promptly
attended to. 0 jiil5-tl.
Yuma .News Depot.
.J. A 13 EG Q.
Main Street, Yuma A- T.,
Across the COLORADO RIVER
Six Miles beloio Fort Yuma,
At the regular crossing of the U. S. MAIL
The Roads are good, and Two Miles
and a-laalf the SHORTEST to
II AY, GRAIN OR PASTURE.
TWO jFIZZSI- czass
Run Day or Night for the Accommodation
of the Traveliug Public.
The above described Property FOR
SAJLIS, with Everything pertaining to
the Ferry Complete.
Apply to HALL HANLON at the
Yuma, March 21, 1671. tf.
Main st Yuma, A. 1
California st.......San Francisco
Wholesale and Eetaii Dealftr in
General Merchandise, ;
Invites attention to the beat se
lected and most complete stock
ever offered in this market, con
sisting, in part, of
" & ZIQU031S,
CIGrARS & TOBACCO,
TaIIe and Pocitet-CulBery,
IRON, STEEL, BOLTS, NAILS
SCREWS and MINERS' TOOLS.
LAD En and GENTS
DRY COODS. FANCY GOODS
BOOTS & SHOES,
And nre constantly and regularly
reftu vine?, by every steamer, fresh
California products, consisting of
CALIFORNIA AND OUEUOS FLOUR.
Cutting & Co's. Canned Fruits and Vego
merit adapted to this country. All
or which is orrereu at prices which
D Kl'Y OOMPKTITrON.
Buvurs will find it to their in
terest to call and examine my
slock before ourchasina- elsewhere
All merchandise consigned to
my care will receive care ft d handl
ing and be forwarded with dis
patch by experienced freighters,
at lowest market rates.
FIVE PER-CENT PREitlUSI paid
in exchange for American gold
coin. Goods so'ld at greatly redu
GaT Highest prices paid for all
Yuma, Oct. 14th. 187G.
Redoiido and Balsz, '
Tnho pleasure in announcing to their
friends and the public generally the open
ing of their
SALOON ON MAIN STREET .
Near the Steamboat Landing.
Their stock of
Wines Ziquors & Ciga?s
EXCELLENCE OF QUALITY.
To the Saloon is attached a splendi
the best one in town.
In connection with the Saloon, we have
One of the Largest and the
Best Corral in Yuma;
where teamsters and others can find
FOR THEIR BEASTS
As well as Themselves.
ITay, Gram a?id Wate?'
can always be found here.
Feb 1 tf
304, California Street.
3AM J? RASCCISCO. CAt.
Corner Main a. First Sts.,
Corner Levee & Second Sts;,
JAMES H. BARNEY,,
WM. B. HOOPEB & CO.,
Importer and Dealer in
Forwarding & Commission Agent
San Francisco, California,.
The attention of
Station Eeepera, Liquor Daaleri,
Is asked and invited to my lato- iaoporta
. tions of
Embracing, ns thy dn, vorythina requir
ed by everybody, comprising, in prt:
8 1 i
AU of which nro offered at San FranJ
ClaCo Pkicks, freight and ctmnzed only
added. My facilities for purchasing enu
blei ui to boldly tua&o tbu uifcr tu any
aud !tl I.
Carefully and promptly filled by my
San Francisco Branch Office, and entire
satisfaction (jurranteed, bolh ai to selec
tion and price paid. la this my motto ia
" KXCELSIOU ! "
COMMISSION and FORWARD
Every attention will be paid to forward
ing consignments of Merchandise, Machin
ery, Ores, tildes, etc., either to or from
Gold. Silver, Copper or Lead, will b
made at highest possible rates for account
of owners. My long experience and con
nection with buyers in the different mar
kets give me a very decided advantage over
any one in the Territory in making such
sales to the profit of those entrusting them
to me Correct and responsible assays
obtained andsnbmitted when desired.
Gold and Silver Bullion.U. S. Treasury
Drafts, Legal Tenders, Soldiers' Warrants.
Bankers' Drafts, and Good Commercial
Paper, Grain, Hides. Wool and all Terrt
torial and Mexican Products bought at
value fur CASH; or advanced on as maj
be desired. f
i moi uuuoi mureusea aougABions. ioriA
patronage so liberally accorded ma i '
successor of the old and successfu
of Win, B. Hooper & Co., and w'
kuowledging this fact allow me to adu
those dealing with me will find as comn.
a stock as was ever offered by the old firm
with all that is new and desirable in aid
tion. JAMES M. BARKE 1".
Yuma, January $2, 1S76. ti