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INDEPENDENT I IV ALL THINGS.
NEUTRAL IN NOTHING
YUMA. ARIZONA, SATURDAY, AUGUST 16, 1879.
The Arizona Sentinel.
Published everj Saturday by the
Sentinel Publishing Company.
CEORCE TYMC, - - - Edlto
AND GENERAL. BUSINESS AGENT.
Ofiey-sar 5 00
CttiMu pnnlc ......... Xw
One Inch, each insertion $2 50
s?..i, fitihst-nuent insertion 1
Contracts by Ihc year or quarter at re
i.p(ra! RUnks. Briefs. Bill-Heads, Letter
fleads. Circulars. LabelB, Cards, Pro-
- iTJimcf, etc., prlnk-d in every Btyle, with
nestings and tiis;atch
"Currency taken at par:
C. WVCkane. Agent, 32S Montgomery St,
RUSH s WELLS,
Attorneys at Law,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
Pruscott, : : : : Arizona.
Attorney at Law,
fucsnn, : : : Pima County, Arizona..
L. A. MULLAH,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
CMA, - . AUIZONA
. O. P. TOWNSEND,
Deputy U. S. Mineral Surveyor,
Yuma. : : : : : Arizona
Mineral Park, XEohnve county, Arizona.
TVUr'rTraeilue. iff .all tlicEKourOofthe TerH
Wftl. 2. OSBORH,
A.TTOKNEY AT LAW.
Land And Mining Titles a Specialty.
Tucson, .... Arizona.
FARLEY & PQMROY,
Attorneys and Counselors at Law
Notaries Public. Office of United States
district Attorney. Office on Congress St.
T. J. MORGAN,
Diamonds, Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and
frescot : : : : Arizona.
C. W. C. ROWELL,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
San Bernardino, California.
Will attend to all business intrusted to
lim in the Courts of California and Arizona.
HENRY N. ALEXANDER,
Attorney at Law,
AND NOTARY PUBLIC,
oramlssioner of Deeds for the States of
Californi and Pennsylvania,
Jffice, Main street, next to Express office,
W. S. EDWARDS
Civil Engineer and Surveyor
O. 3. DEFUTr MINERAL SURVEYOR.
3eueral Real Estate and Mining Agent.
Tucson, Arizona. ,
G. W. KORTUK,
Engineer and Surveyor,
Does any kind of work in bis Line.
Deputy U. S. Mineral Surveyor for San
Diego County, Cal.
YTJIMLA.. jV, T.
Gor. of Third street and Maiden Lane
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Groceries, Dry Goods,
Wines and Liquors.
BOOTS & SHOES, ETC.
ALSO PINOLE, PANOCHA AND CHILE
AIWATS OX HAND
Pricee as low as any store in town.
As we have been Jrcquently asked to
define the law covering the issue of pat
ents, we condense the following from the
Revised Statutes of the United States,
which will fully inform our readers upon
that question as well as upon some others
which are of interest:
Itemed Statutes. Section 2,330.
Where two or more veins intersect or
cross each other, priority of title shall
govern, and Biich prior location Bhall be
entitled to all ore or mineral contained
within the space of intersection; but the
subsequent location shall have the right
of way through the' space of intersection
for thf purposes of the convenient work
ing of the mine. And where tw o or more
veins unite, the oldest or prior location
shall.take the vein below the point of
union, including all the space of intcrsec
tion. In regard to
Adverse claimants must llle a separate
and distinct claim against each applica
tion which it is alleged conflicts with the
premises owned by such adverse claimant.
The papers in an adverse claim once
filed cannot be withdrawn, but become a
part of the rceord.
When an adverse claim has been filed it
cannot be amended so as to embrace a
larger portion of the premises than that
described in the original adverse claim.
An adverse claim tiled after the expira
tion of the time -prescribed by statute
cannot be considered, and no extension of
time can be given for tiling adverse
An adverse claim must be made out in
proper form and riled in the proper local
office during the period of publication o!
the application for the patent to be
It is the duty of the adverse claimant
to commence suit in proper form within
the required time, and it he trusts the
uncertain medium of the United States
mail he must abide the consequences,
should delay ensue through misfortune or
accident-. Should the failure to com
mence suit be the result of the untidvise
or the corrupt or dishonest action of Ms
attorney, the Interior Department cannot
redress the wrong.
An adverse claimant should set forth in
detail the facts upon which he bases his
adverse claim. A statement in general
terms, embodying conclusions of law
without stating the facts specifically, will
not be considered in evidence.
An adverse claimant should show a
compliance with the local laws in record
ing his claim and in regard to expendi
tures, and should file a copy of the origi
nal notice of his location, and show the
nature or extent of the conflict alleged.
An allegation of parties to a suit that
they compose the company is sufficient,
and they are not required to prove that
the' are the original locators, or the iden
tical parties who presented the adverse
Suit or action should be commenced by
the adverse claimant, in order to entitle
him to a stay of proceedings. The Act of
1872 expressly requires it to be done with
in thirty days from the filing or the ad
AGRICULTURAL AND MINERAL LANDS.
Where land is of little if any value for
agricultural purpose, but is essential to
the proper development of mining claims,
it should be disposed of only unucr tne
Where lands containing valuable mine
ral deposits have been included in an ag.
ricultural entry, said entry will be can
celled at any time prior to Issuance of
patent, upon satisfactory evidence uf the
existence of such valuable deposits.
Where valuable deposits of mineral arc
discovered upon a tract after the same
has been entered as agricultural, but be
fore patent has been isbued, the parties
claiming the miue may make application
for patent for the 8ame,and the agricultu
ral entry will be cancelled to that portion
of the land embraced by said mining
Where mineral deDosits are discovered
on agricultural lands after the patent has
been issued to an agricultural claimant,
they pass with the patent.
Agricultural college scrip cannot be re
ceived in payment for mining claims.
A foreigner may make a mining loca
tion and dispose of it, provided be be
comes citizeu before disposing of the
mine. Proof that the party was not a
citizen before disposing of his claim must
be affirmatively shown.
Locators and intermediate owners other
than applicants will not be presumed
aliens in the absence of allegation or ob
jection prior to issuance of patent
The portion of a mining claim sold to
an alien cannot be patented while such
owner is an alien: but on his declaration
to become a citizen, his right dates back
to his purchase, and he may thereupon
secure United States patent for his claim.
APPLICATION TOR PATENTS.
Where papers lurre once been tiled with
the Register and Receiver, they become a
part of the record and can neither be
withdrawn or returned, but must be
transmitted to the General Land Office.
An application will be rejected wbeifi.6 months willbe considered abaudon
the description of the premises is errone
ous or insufficient.
Application lor a patent will be reject
1 i n. notice was t;ublUJd without
the knowledge of the .Register,
2d. The notice was not published in a
newspaper designated as published near
est the claim.
3d. The record title was found defect
4th. A previous application had been
made for the same premises, which was
withdrawn pending a suit in court com
menced by the adverse claimant.
An application for patent will be re-
jected when the survey does not accu.
rately define the boundaries of the claim.
Where the claim was not located in ac
cordance with the law.
Where several parties own separate and
distinct portions of a claim, application
for patent may be made by cither for that
portion of the claim owned by him ; but
where several parties own undivided in-
tercsts in a mining claim, all should join
in an application for a patent.
A person or association may purchase
as many placer locations as the local law
permits, and embrace them all in one ap
plication for a patent.
Two or more lodes cannot be embraced
in one application for a patent, except
for placer claims embracing two or more
lodes within their boundaries.
Papers sworn to before any person pur
porting to act as deputy frr the "Register
or receiver cannot be recorded as evi
dence. Valuable deposits of borax may be eng
tered as placers.
Auriferous cement claims must be ap
plied for as placers.
Ctnuabar claims cannot be entered as
In ail patents for mining claims situated
within the exterior boundaries of a town
site, a clause is inserted " excepting and
excluding all town property, rights upon
the surface, and all houses, buildings,
structures, lots, blocks, streets, alleys or
other municipal improvements not be
longing to the grantee herein, and all
rights uuecessary or proper to the occu
pation, possession and enjoyment of the
Petroleum claims may be patented un
der the miniug act of May 10th, 1872.
Publication of notice must be made in
only one newspaper for the period of
Notices must be published ten consecu
tive weeks in weekly newspapers, and in
daily newspapers sixty days must elapse
between the first and last insertions.
Where the Register designates the
daily issue o: a newspaper for publication
of notice of a mining application for pat
ent, it is not in compliance with law t.i
change to the weekly edition of the same
paper withouL authority of the Register.
The existence, of a salt spring on a
tract of land withdraws it from the ope
rations of tho homestead and preemption
laws. A hearing for the purpose of prov
ing the agricultural character of such
land is not allowed. Land containing
valuable deposits ol 6alt may be patented
uuder the mining laws. Valuable depos
its of slate may be entered under the
There Is no authority of law for a tun
nel location 3,000 by 1,500 feet A proper
location is the width of the tunnel itself
for 3,000 feet
There is n provision of law for patent
ing tunnel locations, but lodes discovered
in running a tunnel may be patented in
like manner as other lodes.
The right is granted to tunnel owners
to 1,500 feet or each blind lode, not previ
ously known to exist, which may be dis
covered in their tunnel.
When a lode is struck or discovered for
the first time by running a tunnel, the
tunnel owners have the option of record
ing their claim all on one side of the
point of discovery or intersection, or
partly upon the one side thercor, and
partly on the other.
Prospecting for blind lodes is prohibited
tipoa the line of a located tunnel, while
the tunnel is in progress; but other par
ties are in no way debarred from prospect
ing for blind lodes or runninir tunnels, so
long as they keep without the line of such
Work-done on a tunnel, run to develop
a particular lode, is considered as dune on
the lode. "
No specified amount Is required to be
expended to retain owuen b:p, iut loea
tore are required to use reasonable dill,
genet , and ftllure to prosecute work for
The Panama Ship Cniial
TJi. feasibility of huildinc 5 i5. al
across tne Isthmus of Darieu has more or
less occupied the attention of cummer
eial men aud scientists for the last twen
ty-five years. Its practicability appears
to be beyond a doubt, aud its accomplish-
meut simply a question ef means. It is
the most stupendous work uf the kind
ever undertaken, and Its achievement will
reflect imperishable renown upon him
who shall be the sucessful builder. That
its building will prove of vast Importance
and benefit to the United States is beyond
the question of a doubt.
The Isthmus was early settled by the
Spanish, it being the first colony estab
lished on the Continent of America. Af
terword the Scotch sought to colonize it,
their idea being to establish settlements
on both sides, and unite them by roads or
a canal, but their sctttlement was soon
broken up by famine and the Spanish.
The first survey. Avas made by a com
pany in 1848, who designed building a
canal through Tehuantepec, in Mexico.
It was to have twenty eight locks, and be
one hundred and ninety-eight milei long,
Including the river and lake canalization.
Its estimated cost was from 7,000,000 to
15,000,000, according to depth. In 1S50
it was surveyed bj a Dr. Cullen, who esti
mated the greatest depth to be cut at one
hundred and fifty feet. ' i Ids return to
London he organized u nnpany, with a j
nominal capital of 15.000,000. A sham j
debate followed in the English and Amer- j
ican papers regarding the relative value
of these two projects, v. t,h ended
England, France, and :b United States
sending a joint survey. Dr. Cullen went
with the English division. The United
States survey accomplished nothing. The
English and French surveyed the region
about Darien. The harbor at Caledonia
BaT, on the Atlantic side, was found ade
quate to the wants of any fleet that might
desire anchorage. The estimated cost,
according to Dr. Cullen, of building a
canal free of Jocks, thirty feet deep and
one hundred and forty feet wide, from
Caledonia Bay to the river Savana, which
flows info the Gulf of San Miguel on the
Pacific side, was $60,000,000. Its length
would be thirty-nine miles, and Its great
est elevation one hundred and fifty feet.
The level of the two oceans is about the
same, although the tide on the Pacific is
thirteen feet higher thau on the Atlantic.
This would cause a flow from the Pacific
at flood, and from the Atlantic at ebb
tide, sufficiently strong to carry a vessel
through in one tide of six hours.
In 1S50 a treaty was maue at Washing
ton between the United States and Eng.
land, each agreeing to consider the canal,
to be perpetuallyiieutral, neither to build
fortifications on either side, or t- permit
others to do so, and to combine in assist-
!he progress of a canal by their Influ
ence ud protection.
In 187? i.nother survey was sent out by
the Unil sd States. It examined the coast
of Darieu and found the Gulf of Darien
del Norte, ra the Atlantic 6idc, to be one
of the fi t harbors in the world; that
the Atratro River Is navigable to the
mouth of the Napipi; that the distance to
the Pacific from this point is but thirty
two miles, twenty-four of which runs
through a flat country, gradually rising,
which. In the next four miles, attains a
maximum height of six hundred and
twelve feet; that beyond the divide the
incline to the Pacific is very rapid; that
on the Pacific there Is a good harbor in
Simon Bay. deep enough for the largest
vessels; that the district is wtll wooded
and watered, with sufficient granite for
building purposes, aud limestone for lime
on the spot
The elevatlbn between Panama and
Aspin wall is less than that of the above
route, being only two hundred and eighty
.seven feet but neither place has a good
harbor, and the conditions of health are
more unfavorable than those of tho Atra
to route. The survey found plenty of
coal, which could be mined and used for
vessels coaling from this point.
The proposed route of M. de Lesseps
will be from the villey of the Chagres
River, on the Atlanoc, to the city of Pan
ama, on the Pacidc, and possesses many
incidental advantages. It passes through
a fertile country, inhabited by people eng
gaged in agriculture and comrrerce. The
canal will have neither locks nor tunnels,
and its cutting will reach a depth of three
hundred and fortv feet on the Cordilleras, j
It Is estimated the engineering difficul
ties, excepting the Chagrea torrents du
ing winter, will not he great. Its cost
will ha stupendous. The first estimate
of 103.000X03 hue been successively in
creased, till now the amount reaches
$2SO,000,000. Tlrs include right of way
aud the purchase of the Panama railway,
but does not include Interest on capital
during construction. It is estimated that
eight or ten year will be required to
build the canal. Interest would form an
Important addition to its present esti.
mated cost. The financial basis of the
scheme is calculated upon a minimum
revenue ot $4,500,000 a year at first, de
rived from the passage of 6,000,000 tons
ot merchandise. It 13 thought that the
actual tonnage woul reach 7,500,000 at
first, with a prospect of great future in
crease. It is claim ea, ana we have no
doubt with truth, that the very existence
of the canal would inererse lnferuational
exchanges. Admitting all tht is claimed
for It, we do not regard the prospect, as
investment, as very flattering.
On the 23d inst M. de Lessepa issued
the prospectus of the Darien Canal Com
pany. The capital 1s fixed at 400,000,000
francs. Only 125 francs per share will be
called up in the first instance. Interest
at the rate of five per centum per annum
will bo paid on the actual money received
during course of construction. M. de
Lesseps estimates an income of 90,000,000
francs from the canal, and reckons that
the shareholders will receive eleven aud
one-half per centum per annum. In his
prospectus M. de Lesseps has evidently
figu'ed upon the maximum ruiouue.
M. de Lesseps promises that the work
will begin on the 1st of January next
He. made a grand success of the Suez
Canal project; it remains to be seen
whether an equal success will be made
with this. Economist .
A High-Priced Mintake.
Two miners sat down in the wilderness
of Southern Utah a few months since to
munch their bread and then pursue their
wanderings and their search for wealth.
They were " prospectors " who, having
left the beaten track of treasure
seekers, wandering off, to the amusement
of their fellows, into the comparatively
level country, where months pi searching
had revealed nothing.
" We had oetterget back into the moun
tain country, Jim," said his " pard."
At he spoke his tool struck something
a few inches under the sand, and the
prospector fouud a fractu;e on 'he rocks
and picked up a small, yellowish piece of
" What's that?" said Tom, as he saw
with what feverish earnestness his "pard"
examined the piece.
"Egad! I think it's horn silver! "
They wereoutof provisions and clothes;
they had not means with which to pay the
fee for securing their " find." After open
Ing up their prize sufficiently to show
that a vein existed, they offered it to Mr. j
Ben Morgan, of Pittsburg, who is opera, i
ting smelting works a few. miles below j
Salt Lake City, for 18,uuG. Mr. Morgan
sought the advice of the Superintendent
of the Ontario mine. Together they ex
amined the new' find," and, urfortunately
for the genial Ben. they decided it was
not worth risking the money on. The
miners continued to open their vein, but
soon again were stranded, when one of
them wrote to two Irish friends, who had
already lost money on supposed 'finds,"
and besought them to try their luck once
more. After much importuning thev in
vested enough money to give the miners
a good start, when '.he development of
the mine proceeded rapidly. Four shafts
were sunk and a number of Intermediate
galleries run which connected the shafts.
The work was pushed solely with a view
to show the magnitude of the deposit. It
was the marvel of the whole country.
Conservative old engineers measured the
ore bodies actually in sight, taking noth
ing for granted, made numerous analyses
in all parts of the mine to determine its
richness, and the most cautious calculated
the silver in sight is worth $27,000,000.
Jay Cooke, hearing of this prize, secured
an option of one-half interest for 82,500.
000 for a short time, and hastening east
ward, he Induced a number of English in
New York to invest, and they took It at
this price, the four original owners de
clining to sell the remaining half at auv
price. This is the famous " Horn Silver
Mine" or "New Bonanza," around which
a town has in a few months eluste'ed
called "Frisco," and to which one mine
the Utah Southorn Railroad will this sum
mer be extended nearly 800 miles Pitt,
Main Stree ,
40 California Strwt,
Wholesale and Retail Dealet in
Invites, attention to the beat selected and
moetcomplete stock ever offered in
this market, consisting fn
Wises and Liquors, Cigars and
Dry Goods, Fanoy Goods 1
Boots and Shoes, ' Clothing,
And is constantly and regyluny rbcelr
ing fresh California products, consisting o
Butter, -Cheese, Bacon.
Ham, Onions, Beans
Barley Potatoes, Corn,
Wheat, Corn Meal Buckwheat
Flour, California and Oregon Flour,
Cutting & Co's. Canned Fruits, Vegetables
etc. etc. etc. '
All of which is offered at prices which
Buyers will find It to their interest to call
and examine my atoek before purchasing
All merchandise consigned to my care
will receive careful handling and.be for
warded with dispatch and by exnerieneed
freighters, at lowest market rates.
Goods Hold nf rrrootlt. i
du?tf h6St PriCCS Paid fr aU Arizona Pro
Yuma, - Ariaiona.
Supporters and Shoulder
Braces, Fancy and
Toilet Articles ' Keroc ene On,
Lamps and ChimneyA,
Varnishes, Dye Stuffs
Patent Medicines, &c.
Physicians' prescriptions .carefully com
pounded, and all orders cor ectly answered.
Goods selected with great care and war
ranted as represented.
A Li s O
A choice assortment of Books, Stationery
Musical Instruments and Fancy Articles.
All the most popular Newspapers, Mag.
azines and Latest Novels on hand as soon
CALL AND SEE THEM.
San Francisco, California.
A favorite Hotel for Families, centrally lo
cated, and headquarters for '
GUESTS FROM A$XZONA.
J. D. 8CHONEWALD, Mjtaa-er-March